NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Rise of the Chicago Packers and the Origins of Meat Inspection and Antitrust

Gary D. Libecap

NBER Historical Working Paper No. 29
Issued in September 1991
NBER Program(s):Development of the American Economy

The Meat Inspection Act of 1891 and the Sherman Act of 1890 are shown to be closely tied. This link makes clearer Congress' intent in enacting the legislation. Both laws were products of conditions in the economy after 1880, and they reflected in part, a common concern about the Chicago packers, or Beef trust. The concerns of local slaughterhouses, which were being displaced by new, low-cost refrigerated beef, and of farmers, who sold their livestock to the large Chicago packers, were echoed elsewhere by other small businesses and farmers, who feared for their competitive positions during a time of structural change in the economy.

download in pdf format
   (2315 K)

download in djvu format
   (326 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/h0029

Published: Economic Inquiry, Vol. 30 (1992): 242-262.

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Law and Libecap w10984 The Determinants of Progressive Era Reform: The Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906
La Porta, Lopez-de-Silanes, Shleifer, and Vishny w6727 The Quality of Goverment
Libecap w5986 The Great Depression and the Regulating State: Federal Government Regulation of Agriculture: 1884-1970
Law and Libecap The Determinants of Progressive Era Reform. The Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906
Lo and MacKinlay t0066 The Size and Power of the Variance Ratio Test in Finite Samples: A Monte Carlo Investigation
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us