NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Papers in JEL Code O3: Innovation • Research and Development • Technological Change • Intellectual Property Rights

2016
w22854 Shang-Jin Wei
Zhuan Xie
Xiaobo Zhang

From "Made in China" to "Innovated in China": Necessity, Prospect, and Challenges
w22840 Lorenz Kueng
Nicholas Li
Mu-Jeung Yang

The Impact of Emerging Market Competition on Innovation and Business Strategy
w22768 Josh Lerner
Haris Tabakovic
Jean Tirole

Patent Disclosures and Standard-Setting
w22783 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit
William Kerr

Innovation Network
w22783 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit
William Kerr

Innovation Network
w22783 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit
William Kerr

Innovation Network
w22783 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit
William Kerr

Innovation Network
w22746 Abhijit Banerjee
Rukmini Banerji
James Berry
Esther Duflo
Harini Kannan
Shobhini Mukherji
Marc Shotland
Michael Walton

Mainstreaming an Effective Intervention: Evidence from Randomized Evaluations of "Teaching at the Right Level" in India
w22762 Brad Hershbein
Lisa B. Kahn

Do Recessions Accelerate Routine-Biased Technological Change? Evidence from Vacancy Postings
w22712 Alberto Galasso
Hong Luo

Tort Reform and Innovation
w22715 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William Kerr
Çaǧlar Özden
Christopher Parsons

Global Talent Flows
w22715 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William Kerr
Çaǧlar Özden
Christopher Parsons

Global Talent Flows
w22715 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William Kerr
Çaǧlar Özden
Christopher Parsons

Global Talent Flows
w22720 Mark Pauly
Kyle Myers

A Ricardian-Demand Explanation for Changing Pharmaceutical R&D Productivity
w22624 Jean-Paul Chavas
Agro-Ecosystem Productivity and the Dynamic Response to Shocks
w22631 Yasin Ozcan
Shane Greenstein

Technological Leadership (de)Concentration: Causes in ICTE
w22596 Christian Catalini
Catherine Tucker

Seeding the S-Curve? The Role of Early Adopters in Diffusion
w22596 Christian Catalini
Catherine Tucker

Seeding the S-Curve? The Role of Early Adopters in Diffusion
w22596 Christian Catalini
Catherine Tucker

Seeding the S-Curve? The Role of Early Adopters in Diffusion
w22603 Gilbert Cette
Jimmy Lopez
Jacques Mairesse

Labour Market Regulations and Capital Intensity
w22573 David Popp
From Science to Technology: The Value of Knowledge From Different Energy Research Institutions
w22501 Anna Valero
John Van Reenen

The Economic Impact of Universities: Evidence from Across the Globe
w22476 Thomas Philippon
The FinTech Opportunity
w22473 Wendy C.Y. Li
Bronwyn H. Hall

Depreciation of Business R&D Capital
w22473 Wendy C.Y. Li
Bronwyn H. Hall

Depreciation of Business R&D Capital
w22443 Eric Avis
Claudio Ferraz
Frederico Finan

Do Government Audits Reduce Corruption? Estimating the Impacts of Exposing Corrupt Politicians
w22454 Elena Verdolini
Francesco Vona
David Popp

Bridging the Gap: Do Fast Reacting Fossil Technologies Facilitate Renewable Energy Diffusion?
w22405 Antoine Dechezleprêtre
Elias Einiö
Ralf Martin
Kieu-Trang Nguyen
John Van Reenen

Do tax Incentives for Research Increase Firm Innovation? An RD Design for R&D
w22385 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr

Immigrant Entrepreneurship
w22385 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr

Immigrant Entrepreneurship
w22385 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr

Immigrant Entrepreneurship
w22403 Jing Cai
Changcheng Song

Do Disaster Experience and Knowledge Affect Insurance Take-up Decisions?
w22346 Timothy Bresnahan
Pai-Ling Yin

Adoption of New Information and Communications Technologies in the Workplace Today
w22327 Nicholas Bloom
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

Management as a Technology?
w22327 Nicholas Bloom
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

Management as a Technology?
w22273 Alon Brav
Wei Jiang
Song Ma
Xuan Tian

How Does Hedge Fund Activism Reshape Corporate Innovation?
w22282 Marcel Fafchamps
Mans Soderbom
and Monique vanden Boogaart

Adoption with Social Learning and Network Externalities
w22241 Carolin Haeussler
Henry Sauermann

The Division of Labor in Teams: A Conceptual Framework and Application to Collaborations in Science
w22241 Carolin Haeussler
Henry Sauermann

The Division of Labor in Teams: A Conceptual Framework and Application to Collaborations in Science
w22244 Gaétan de Rassenfosse
Adam B. Jaffe
Elizabeth Webster

Low-quality Patents in the Eye of the Beholder: Evidence from Multiple Examiners
w22252 Daron Acemoglu
Pascual Restrepo

The Race Between Machine and Man: Implications of Technology for Growth, Factor Shares and Employment
w22252 Daron Acemoglu
Pascual Restrepo

The Race Between Machine and Man: Implications of Technology for Growth, Factor Shares and Employment
w22180 Jian Wang
Reinhilde Veugelers
Paula Stephan

Bias against Novelty in Science: A Cautionary Tale for Users of Bibliometric Indicators
w22180 Jian Wang
Reinhilde Veugelers
Paula Stephan

Bias against Novelty in Science: A Cautionary Tale for Users of Bibliometric Indicators
w22180 Jian Wang
Reinhilde Veugelers
Paula Stephan

Bias against Novelty in Science: A Cautionary Tale for Users of Bibliometric Indicators
w22171 David H. Howard
Guy David
Jason Hockenberry

Selective Hearing: Physician-Ownership and Physicians' Response to New Evidence
w22176 Nancy L. Stokey
Technology, Skill and the Wage Structure
w22151 Santiago Caicedo
Robert E. Lucas
Jr.
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Learning, Career Paths, and the Distribution of Wages
w22160 L. Kamran Bilir
Eduardo Morales

Innovation in the Global Firm
w22131 David de la Croix
Matthias Doepke
Joel Mokyr

Clans, Guilds, and Markets: Apprenticeship Institutions and Growth in the Pre-Industrial Economy
w22110 James Harrigan
Ariell Reshef
Farid Toubal

The March of the Techies: Technology, Trade, and Job Polarization in France, 1994-2007
w22101 Stefan Bender
Nicholas Bloom
David Card
John Van Reenen
Stefanie Wolter

Management Practices, Workforce Selection and Productivity
w22101 Stefan Bender
Nicholas Bloom
David Card
John Van Reenen
Stefanie Wolter

Management Practices, Workforce Selection and Productivity
w22082 Hong Luo
Julie Holland Mortimer

Copyright Enforcement: Evidence from Two Field Experiments
w22082 Hong Luo
Julie Holland Mortimer

Copyright Enforcement: Evidence from Two Field Experiments
w22083 Judd Cramer
Alan B. Krueger

Disruptive Change in the Taxi Business: The Case of Uber
w22057 Hans K. Hvide
Benjamin F. Jones

University Innovation and the Professor's Privilege
w22035 Bettina Peters
Mark J. Roberts
Van Anh Vuong

Dynamic R&D Choice and the Impact of the Firm's Financial Strength
w22005 Diego Anzoategui
Diego Comin
Mark Gertler
Joseba Martinez

Endogenous Technology Adoption and R&D as Sources of Business Cycle Persistence
w21994 Jan De Loecker
Johannes Van Biesebroeck

Effect of International Competition on Firm Productivity and Market Power
w21995 Pierre Azoulay
Ina Ganguli
Joshua S. Graff Zivin

The Mobility of Elite Life Scientists: Professional and Personal Determinants
w21959 Joan Farre-Mensa
Deepak Hegde
Alexander Ljungqvist

The Bright Side of Patents
w21964 Petra Moser
Patents and Innovation in Economic History
w21964 Petra Moser
Patents and Innovation in Economic History
w21964 Petra Moser
Patents and Innovation in Economic History
w21974 Chad Syverson
Challenges to Mismeasurement Explanations for the U.S. Productivity Slowdown
w21932 Daron Acemoglu
Jacob Moscona
James A. Robinson

State Capacity and American Technology: Evidence from the 19th Century
w21905 Ufuk Akcigit
Harun Alp
Michael Peters

Lack of Selection and Limits to Delegation: Firm Dynamics in Developing Countries
w21905 Ufuk Akcigit
Harun Alp
Michael Peters

Lack of Selection and Limits to Delegation: Firm Dynamics in Developing Countries
w21889 Eric Budish
Benjamin N. Roin
Heidi L. Williams

Patents and Research Investments: Assessing the Empirical Evidence
w21844 Francisco J. Buera
Ezra Oberfield

The Global Diffusion of Ideas
w21868 Adam B. Jaffe
Gaétan de Rassenfosse

Patent Citation Data in Social Science Research: Overview and Best Practices
w21868 Adam B. Jaffe
Gaétan de Rassenfosse

Patent Citation Data in Social Science Research: Overview and Best Practices
w21868 Adam B. Jaffe
Gaétan de Rassenfosse

Patent Citation Data in Social Science Research: Overview and Best Practices
2015
w21808 Josh Lerner
Antoinette Schoar
Stanislav Sokolinski
Karen Wilson

The Globalization of Angel Investments: Evidence across Countries
w21788 Pierre Azoulay
Christian Fons-Rosen
Joshua S. Graff Zivin

Does Science Advance One Funeral at a Time?
w21788 Pierre Azoulay
Christian Fons-Rosen
Joshua S. Graff Zivin

Does Science Advance One Funeral at a Time?
w21769 Alberto Galasso
Mark Schankerman

Patent Rights, Innovation and Firm Exit
w21769 Alberto Galasso
Mark Schankerman

Patent Rights, Innovation and Firm Exit
w21769 Alberto Galasso
Mark Schankerman

Patent Rights, Innovation and Firm Exit
w21780 Gisela Hostenkamp
Frank R. Lichtenberg

Listen to your Doctor, or else!: Medication Under-use and Overuse and Long-term Health Outcomes of Danish Diabetes Patients
w21752 Lee G. Branstetter
Matej Drev
Namho Kwon

Get With the Program: Software-Driven Innovation in Traditional Manufacturing
w21752 Lee G. Branstetter
Matej Drev
Namho Kwon

Get With the Program: Software-Driven Innovation in Traditional Manufacturing
w21752 Lee G. Branstetter
Matej Drev
Namho Kwon

Get With the Program: Software-Driven Innovation in Traditional Manufacturing
w21763 Ann Harrison
Benjamin Hyman
Leslie Martin
Shanthi Nataraj

When do Firms Go Green? Comparing Price Incentives with Command and Control Regulations in India
w21735 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr

Global Collaborative Patents
w21735 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr

Global Collaborative Patents
w21735 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr

Global Collaborative Patents
w21735 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr

Global Collaborative Patents
w21652 Jason Gush
Adam B. Jaffe
Victoria Larsen
Athene Laws

The Effect of Public Funding on Research Output: the New Zealand Marsden Fund
w21652 Jason Gush
Adam B. Jaffe
Victoria Larsen
Athene Laws

The Effect of Public Funding on Research Output: the New Zealand Marsden Fund
w21652 Jason Gush
Adam B. Jaffe
Victoria Larsen
Athene Laws

The Effect of Public Funding on Research Output: the New Zealand Marsden Fund
w21666 Bhaven Sampat
Heidi L. Williams

How Do Patents Affect Follow-On Innovation? Evidence from the Human Genome
w21634 Ross Levine
Chen Lin
Lai Wei

Insider Trading and Innovation
w21579 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

Neophilia Ranking of Scientific Journals
w21579 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

Neophilia Ranking of Scientific Journals
w21556 Barry Eichengreen
Donghyun Park
Kwanho Shin

The Global Productivity Slump: Common and Country-Specific Factors
w21547 William D. Nordhaus
Are We Approaching an Economic Singularity? Information Technology and the Future of Economic Growth
w21547 William D. Nordhaus
Are We Approaching an Economic Singularity? Information Technology and the Future of Economic Growth
w21522 Xing Li
Megan MacGarvie
Petra Moser

Dead Poet's Property - How Does Copyright Influence Price?
w21479 Adam B. Jaffe
Trinh Le

The Impact of R&D Subsidy on Innovation: a Study of New Zealand Firms
w21479 Adam B. Jaffe
Trinh Le

The Impact of R&D Subsidy on Innovation: a Study of New Zealand Firms
w21479 Adam B. Jaffe
Trinh Le

The Impact of R&D Subsidy on Innovation: a Study of New Zealand Firms
w21452 Gilles Duranton
William R. Kerr

The Logic of Agglomeration
w21455 Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers
Georg von Graevenitz

Technology Entry in the Presence of Patent Thickets
w21455 Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers
Georg von Graevenitz

Technology Entry in the Presence of Patent Thickets
w21469 Jeffrey Clemens
Stan Veuger

Risks to the Returns to Medical Innovation: The Case of Myriad Genetics
w21469 Jeffrey Clemens
Stan Veuger

Risks to the Returns to Medical Innovation: The Case of Myriad Genetics
w21469 Jeffrey Clemens
Stan Veuger

Risks to the Returns to Medical Innovation: The Case of Myriad Genetics
w21415 David Popp
Using Scientific Publications to Evaluate Government R&D Spending: The Case of Energy
w21417 David Atkin
Azam Chaudhry
Shamyla Chaudry
Amit K. Khandelwal
Eric Verhoogen

Organizational Barriers to Technology Adoption: Evidence from Soccer-Ball Producers in Pakistan
w21424 Marco Ceccagnoli
Matthew J. Higgins
Hyunsung D. Kang

Corporate Venture Capital as a Real Option in the Markets for Technology
w21435 Jeanne Lafortune
José Tessada
Ethan Lewis

People and Machines: A Look at the Evolving Relationship Between Capital and Skill In Manufacturing 1860-1930 Using Immigration Shocks
w21442 Joerg Baten
Nicola Bianchi
Petra Moser

Does Compulsory Licensing Discourage Invention? Evidence From German Patents After WWI
w21442 Joerg Baten
Nicola Bianchi
Petra Moser

Does Compulsory Licensing Discourage Invention? Evidence From German Patents After WWI
w21442 Joerg Baten
Nicola Bianchi
Petra Moser

Does Compulsory Licensing Discourage Invention? Evidence From German Patents After WWI
w21443 Petra Moser
Joerg Ohmstedt
Paul W. Rhode

Patent Citations and the Size of the Inventive Step - Evidence from Hybrid Corn
w21443 Petra Moser
Joerg Ohmstedt
Paul W. Rhode

Patent Citations and the Size of the Inventive Step - Evidence from Hybrid Corn
w21443 Petra Moser
Joerg Ohmstedt
Paul W. Rhode

Patent Citations and the Size of the Inventive Step - Evidence from Hybrid Corn
w21389 Seth Freedman
Haizhen Lin
Jeffrey Prince

Information Technology and Patient Health: Analyzing Outcomes, Populations, and Mechanisms
w21396 Mort Webster
Karen Fisher-Vanden
David Popp
Nidhi Santen

Should We Give Up After Solyndra? Optimal Technology R&D Portfolios under Uncertainty
w21375 B. Zorina Khan
Inventing Prizes: A Historical Perspective on Innovation Awards and Technology Policy
w21375 B. Zorina Khan
Inventing Prizes: A Historical Perspective on Innovation Awards and Technology Policy
w21359 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Ayushi Narayan

Who Needs a Fracking Education? The Educational Response to Low-Skill Biased Technological Change
w21278 Ramana Nanda
Matthew Rhodes-Kropf

Financing Entrepreneurial Experimentation
w21239 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Impact of Pharmaceutical Innovation on Premature Cancer Mortality in Canada, 2000-2011
w21242 Enrico Spolaore
Romain Wacziarg

Ancestry, Language and Culture
w21246 Heidi L. Williams
Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation: Evidence from Health Care Markets
w21247 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Antonin Bergeaud
Richard Blundell
David Hémous

Innovation and Top Income Inequality
w21247 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Antonin Bergeaud
Richard Blundell
David Hémous

Innovation and Top Income Inequality
w21247 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Antonin Bergeaud
Richard Blundell
David Hémous

Innovation and Top Income Inequality
w21247 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Antonin Bergeaud
Richard Blundell
David Hémous

Innovation and Top Income Inequality
w21196 Sunil Kanwar
Bronwyn H. Hall

The Market Value of R&D in Weak Innovation Regimes: Evidence from India
w21175 Giovanni Peri
Kevin Shih
Chad Sparber

Foreign and Native Skilled Workers: What Can We Learn from H-1B Lotteries?
w21180 Michael Callen
Saad Gulzar
Ali Hasanain
Yasir Khan
Arman Rezaee

Personalities and Public Sector Performance: Evidence from a Health Experiment in Pakistan
w21140 Josh Lerner
Greg Rafert

Lost in the Clouds: The Impact of Changing Property Rights on Investment in Cloud Computing Ventures
w21143 Bralind Kiri
Nicola Lacetera
Lorenzo Zirulia

Above a Swamp: A Theory of High-Quality Scientific Production
w21146 Pierre Azoulay
Alessandro Bonatti
Joshua L. Krieger

The Career Effects of Scandal: Evidence from Scientific Retractions
w21146 Pierre Azoulay
Alessandro Bonatti
Joshua L. Krieger

The Career Effects of Scandal: Evidence from Scientific Retractions
w21132 Marcel Fafchamps
Simon R. Quinn

Networks and Manufacturing Firms in Africa: Results from a Randomized Field Experiment
w21134 Ajay Agrawal
Christian Catalini
Avi Goldfarb

Slack Time and Innovation
w21096 George J. Borjas
Kirk B. Doran
Ying Shen

Ethnic Complementarities after the Opening of China: How Chinese Graduate Students Affected the Productivity of Their Advisors
w21103 Vincenzo Palermo
Matthew J. Higgins
Marco Ceccagnoli

Assets with "Warts": How Reliable is the Market for Technology?
w21105 Roland Bénabou
Davide Ticchi
Andrea Vindigni

Forbidden Fruits: The Political Economy of Science, Religion, and Growth
w21081 Richard B. Freeman
Wei Huang

China's "Great Leap Forward" in Science and Engineering
w21074 David M. Byrne
Stephen D. Oliner
Daniel E. Sichel

How Fast are Semiconductor Prices Falling?
w21090 Alexander Galetovic
Stephen Haber
Ross Levine

An Empirical Examination of Patent Hold-up
w21090 Alexander Galetovic
Stephen Haber
Ross Levine

An Empirical Examination of Patent Hold-up
w21090 Alexander Galetovic
Stephen Haber
Ross Levine

An Empirical Examination of Patent Hold-up
w21069 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Angus Deaton
Alexandra Roulet

Creative Destruction and Subjective Wellbeing
w21069 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Angus Deaton
Alexandra Roulet

Creative Destruction and Subjective Wellbeing
w21052 Roland Bénabou
Davide Ticchi
Andrea Vindigni

Religion and Innovation
w21052 Roland Bénabou
Davide Ticchi
Andrea Vindigni

Religion and Innovation
w21052 Roland Bénabou
Davide Ticchi
Andrea Vindigni

Religion and Innovation
w21012 Michael Kremer
Christopher Snyder

Preventives Versus Treatments
w21015 Darius Lakdawalla
Anup Malani
Julian Reif

The Insurance Value of Medical Innovation
w21024 Ufuk Akcigit
Salomé Baslandze
Stefanie Stantcheva

Taxation and the International Mobility of Inventors
w21024 Ufuk Akcigit
Salomé Baslandze
Stefanie Stantcheva

Taxation and the International Mobility of Inventors
w20995 María José Abud Sittler
Bronwyn Hall
Christian Helmers

An Empirical Analysis of Primary and Secondary Pharmaceutical Patents in Chile
w20941 Seth G. Benzell
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Guillermo LaGarda
Jeffrey D. Sachs

Robots Are Us: Some Economics of Human Replacement
w20944 B. Zorina Khan
The Impact of War on Resource Allocation: 'Creative Destruction' and the American Civil War
w20902 Ashish Arora
Sharon Belenzon
Andrea Patacconi

Killing the Golden Goose? The Decline of Science in Corporate R&D
w20902 Ashish Arora
Sharon Belenzon
Andrea Patacconi

Killing the Golden Goose? The Decline of Science in Corporate R&D
w20920 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

Age and the Trying Out of New Ideas
w20920 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

Age and the Trying Out of New Ideas
w20920 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

Age and the Trying Out of New Ideas
w20921 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

Cities and Ideas
w20921 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

Cities and Ideas
w20921 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

Cities and Ideas
w20922 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

New Ideas in Invention
w20922 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

New Ideas in Invention
w20922 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

New Ideas in Invention
w20878 Leila Agha
David Molitor

The Local Influence of Pioneer Investigators on Technology Adoption: Evidence from New Cancer Drugs
w20889 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Danielle Li
Bhaven N. Sampat

Public R&D Investments and Private-sector Patenting: Evidence from NIH Funding Rules
w20889 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Danielle Li
Bhaven N. Sampat

Public R&D Investments and Private-sector Patenting: Evidence from NIH Funding Rules
w20889 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Danielle Li
Bhaven N. Sampat

Public R&D Investments and Private-sector Patenting: Evidence from NIH Funding Rules
w20853 B. Zorina Khan
Knowledge, Human Capital and Economic Development: Evidence from the British Industrial Revolution, 1750-1930
w20853 B. Zorina Khan
Knowledge, Human Capital and Economic Development: Evidence from the British Industrial Revolution, 1750-1930
w20853 B. Zorina Khan
Knowledge, Human Capital and Economic Development: Evidence from the British Industrial Revolution, 1750-1930
w20854 B. Zorina Khan
Invisible Women: Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Family Firms in France during Early Industrialization
w20826 Anders Akerman
Ingvil Gaarder
Magne Mogstad

The Skill Complementarity of Broadband Internet
w20841 Alberto Alesina
Michele Battisti
Joseph Zeira

Technology and Labor Regulations: Theory and Evidence
2014
w20785 Gaétan de Rassenfosse
Adam B. Jaffe

Are Patent Fees Effective at Weeding out Low-quality Patents?
w20785 Gaétan de Rassenfosse
Adam B. Jaffe

Are Patent Fees Effective at Weeding out Low-quality Patents?
w20785 Gaétan de Rassenfosse
Adam B. Jaffe

Are Patent Fees Effective at Weeding out Low-quality Patents?
w20799 Margaret Kyle
Yi Qian

Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Innovation: Evidence from TRIPS
w20743 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit
Douglas Hanley
William Kerr

Transition to Clean Technology
w20731 B. Zorina Khan
Inventing in the Shadow of the Patent System: Evidence from 19th-Century Patents and Prizes for Technological Innovations
w20731 B. Zorina Khan
Inventing in the Shadow of the Patent System: Evidence from 19th-Century Patents and Prizes for Technological Innovations
w20732 B. Zorina Khan
Of Time and Space: Technological Spillovers among Patents and Unpatented Innovations during Early U.S. Industrialization
w20732 B. Zorina Khan
Of Time and Space: Technological Spillovers among Patents and Unpatented Innovations during Early U.S. Industrialization
w20732 B. Zorina Khan
Of Time and Space: Technological Spillovers among Patents and Unpatented Innovations during Early U.S. Industrialization
w20676 William R. Kerr
Ramana Nanda

Financing Innovation
w20676 William R. Kerr
Ramana Nanda

Financing Innovation
w20677 Joshua Gans
Fiona Murray

Markets for Scientific Attribution
w20677 Joshua Gans
Fiona Murray

Markets for Scientific Attribution
w20683 Julia Lane
Jason Owen-Smith
Rebecca Rosen
Bruce Weinberg

New Linked Data on Research Investments: Scientific Workforce, Productivity, and Public Value
w20668 Kirk Doran
Alexander Gelber
Adam Isen

The Effects of High-Skilled Immigration Policy on Firms: Evidence from H-1B Visa Lotteries
w20668 Kirk Doran
Alexander Gelber
Adam Isen

The Effects of High-Skilled Immigration Policy on Firms: Evidence from H-1B Visa Lotteries
w20668 Kirk Doran
Alexander Gelber
Adam Isen

The Effects of High-Skilled Immigration Policy on Firms: Evidence from H-1B Visa Lotteries
w20668 Kirk Doran
Alexander Gelber
Adam Isen

The Effects of High-Skilled Immigration Policy on Firms: Evidence from H-1B Visa Lotteries
w20670 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Unemployment and Innovation
w20670 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Unemployment and Innovation
w20670 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Unemployment and Innovation
w20615 Ajay Agrawal
Carlos Rosell
Timothy S. Simcoe

Do Tax Credits Affect R&D Expenditures by Small Firms? Evidence from Canada
w20615 Ajay Agrawal
Carlos Rosell
Timothy S. Simcoe

Do Tax Credits Affect R&D Expenditures by Small Firms? Evidence from Canada
w20621 Lorenz Kueng
Mu-Jeung Yang
Bryan Hong

Sources of Firm Life-Cycle Dynamics: Differentiating Size vs. Age Effects
w20624 Paul Carrillo
Dina Pomeranz
Monica Singhal

Dodging the Taxman: Firm Misreporting and Limits to Tax Enforcement
w20595 Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Donna K. Ginther
Ted Juhl
Joseph Heppert

The Effects of Research & Development Funding On Scientific Productivity: Academic Chemistry, 1990-2009
w20595 Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Donna K. Ginther
Ted Juhl
Joseph Heppert

The Effects of Research & Development Funding On Scientific Productivity: Academic Chemistry, 1990-2009
w20595 Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Donna K. Ginther
Ted Juhl
Joseph Heppert

The Effects of Research & Development Funding On Scientific Productivity: Academic Chemistry, 1990-2009
w20587 Yael V. Hochberg
Carlos J. Serrano
Rosemarie H. Ziedonis

Patent Collateral, Investor Commitment, and the Market for Venture Lending
w20538 Simeon Alder
David Lagakos
Lee Ohanian

Competitive Pressure and the Decline of the Rust Belt: A Macroeconomic Analysis
w20548 Mark Duggan
Craig Garthwaite
Aparajita Goyal

The Market Impacts of Pharmaceutical Product Patents in Developing Countries: Evidence from India
w20553 David Dranove
Craig Garthwaite
Christopher Ody
Bingyang Li

Investment Subsidies and the Adoption of Electronic Medical Records in Hospitals
w20559 Joshua S. Gans
Negotiating for the Market
w20559 Joshua S. Gans
Negotiating for the Market
w20559 Joshua S. Gans
Negotiating for the Market
w20521 Richard B. Freeman
Immigration, International Collaboration, and Innovation: Science and Technology Policy in the Global Economy
w19942 Leslie A. Martin
Shanthi Nataraj
Ann Harrison

In with the Big, Out with the Small: Removing Small-Scale Reservations in India
w20493 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Leaders and Followers: Perspectives on the Nordic Model and the Economics of Innovation
w20493 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Leaders and Followers: Perspectives on the Nordic Model and the Economics of Innovation
w20493 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Leaders and Followers: Perspectives on the Nordic Model and the Economics of Innovation
w20493 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Leaders and Followers: Perspectives on the Nordic Model and the Economics of Innovation
w20493 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Leaders and Followers: Perspectives on the Nordic Model and the Economics of Innovation
w20493 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Leaders and Followers: Perspectives on the Nordic Model and the Economics of Innovation
w20514 Bronwyn H. Hall
Vania Sena

Appropriability Mechanisms, Innovation and Productivity: Evidence from the UK
w20514 Bronwyn H. Hall
Vania Sena

Appropriability Mechanisms, Innovation and Productivity: Evidence from the UK
w20475 Sebastian Edwards
Alvaro Garcia Marin

Constitutional Rights and Education: An International Comparative Study
w20485 David Autor
Polanyi's Paradox and the Shape of Employment Growth
w20492 Iain M. Cockburn
Jean O. Lanjouw
Mark Schankerman

Patents and the Global Diffusion of New Drugs
w20492 Iain M. Cockburn
Jean O. Lanjouw
Mark Schankerman

Patents and the Global Diffusion of New Drugs
w20492 Iain M. Cockburn
Jean O. Lanjouw
Mark Schankerman

Patents and the Global Diffusion of New Drugs
w20492 Iain M. Cockburn
Jean O. Lanjouw
Mark Schankerman

Patents and the Global Diffusion of New Drugs
w20465 Michael R. Carter
Rachid Laajaj
Dean Yang

Subsidies and the Persistence of Technology Adoption: Field Experimental Evidence from Mozambique
w20392 Ramana Nanda
Tom Nicholas

Did Bank Distress Stifle Innovation During the Great Depression?
w20374 Marinho Bertanha
Petra Moser

Spatial Errors in Count Data Regressions
w20322 Lauren Cohen
Umit Gurun
Scott Duke Kominers

Patent Trolls: Evidence from Targeted Firms
w20364 Joshua S. Gans
Remix Rights and Negotiations Over the Use of Copy-Protected Works
w20367 Gerald Carlino
William R. Kerr

Agglomeration and Innovation
w20358 William R. Kerr
Ramana Nanda
Matthew Rhodes-Kropf

Entrepreneurship as Experimentation
w20337 Michael D. Frakes
Melissa F. Wasserman

Is the Time Allocated to Review Patent Applications Inducing Examiners to Grant Invalid Patents?: Evidence from Micro-Level Application Data
w20337 Michael D. Frakes
Melissa F. Wasserman

Is the Time Allocated to Review Patent Applications Inducing Examiners to Grant Invalid Patents?: Evidence from Micro-Level Application Data
w20269 Alberto Galasso
Mark Schankerman

Patents and Cumulative Innovation: Causal Evidence from the Courts
w20269 Alberto Galasso
Mark Schankerman

Patents and Cumulative Innovation: Causal Evidence from the Courts
w20264 Ashish Arora
Wesley M. Cohen
John P. Walsh

The Acquisition and Commercialization of Invention in American Manufacturing: Incidence and Impact
w20264 Ashish Arora
Wesley M. Cohen
John P. Walsh

The Acquisition and Commercialization of Invention in American Manufacturing: Incidence and Impact
w20264 Ashish Arora
Wesley M. Cohen
John P. Walsh

The Acquisition and Commercialization of Invention in American Manufacturing: Incidence and Impact
w20264 Ashish Arora
Wesley M. Cohen
John P. Walsh

The Acquisition and Commercialization of Invention in American Manufacturing: Incidence and Impact
w20264 Ashish Arora
Wesley M. Cohen
John P. Walsh

The Acquisition and Commercialization of Invention in American Manufacturing: Incidence and Impact
w20249 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Defacto and Deeded Intellectual Property: Knowledge-Driven Co-Evolution of Firm Collaboration Boundaries and IPR Strategy
w20249 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Defacto and Deeded Intellectual Property: Knowledge-Driven Co-Evolution of Firm Collaboration Boundaries and IPR Strategy
w20249 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Defacto and Deeded Intellectual Property: Knowledge-Driven Co-Evolution of Firm Collaboration Boundaries and IPR Strategy
w20249 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Defacto and Deeded Intellectual Property: Knowledge-Driven Co-Evolution of Firm Collaboration Boundaries and IPR Strategy
w20197 Alberto Galasso
Matthew Mitchell
Gabor Virag

Market Outcomes and Dynamic Patent Buyouts
w20197 Alberto Galasso
Matthew Mitchell
Gabor Virag

Market Outcomes and Dynamic Patent Buyouts
w20139 Ariel BenYishay
A. Mushfiq Mobarak

Social Learning and Communication
w20093 Giovanni Peri
Kevin Y. Shih
Chad Sparber

Foreign STEM Workers and Native Wages and Employment in U.S. Cities
w20069 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

Firms and the Economics of Skilled Immigration
w20069 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

Firms and the Economics of Skilled Immigration
w20069 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

Firms and the Economics of Skilled Immigration
w20060 Daron Acemoglu
Localized and Biased Technologies: Atkinson and Stiglitz's New View, Induced Innovations, and Directed Technological Change
w20060 Daron Acemoglu
Localized and Biased Technologies: Atkinson and Stiglitz's New View, Induced Innovations, and Directed Technological Change
w20060 Daron Acemoglu
Localized and Biased Technologies: Atkinson and Stiglitz's New View, Induced Innovations, and Directed Technological Change
w20036 Chris Forman
Avi Goldfarb
Shane Greenstein

Information Technology and the Distribution of Inventive Activity
w20036 Chris Forman
Avi Goldfarb
Shane Greenstein

Information Technology and the Distribution of Inventive Activity
w20039 Hezekiah Agwara
Philip Auerswald
Brian Higginbotham

Algorithms and the Changing Frontier
w20039 Hezekiah Agwara
Philip Auerswald
Brian Higginbotham

Algorithms and the Changing Frontier
w20039 Hezekiah Agwara
Philip Auerswald
Brian Higginbotham

Algorithms and the Changing Frontier
w20025 Vasco M. Carvalho
Nico Voigtländer

Input Diffusion and the Evolution of Production Networks
w20026 George J. Borjas
Kirk B. Doran

Which Peers Matter? The Relative Impacts of Collaborators, Colleagues, and Competitors
w20012 Ajay K. Agrawal
John McHale
Alex Oettl

Why Stars Matter
w20014 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Intellectual Property Rights, the Pool of Knowledge, and Innovation
w20014 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Intellectual Property Rights, the Pool of Knowledge, and Innovation
w20014 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Intellectual Property Rights, the Pool of Knowledge, and Innovation
w20014 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Intellectual Property Rights, the Pool of Knowledge, and Innovation
w20014 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Intellectual Property Rights, the Pool of Knowledge, and Innovation
w20014 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Intellectual Property Rights, the Pool of Knowledge, and Innovation
w19987 Philippe Aghion
Stefan Bechtold
Lea Cassar
Holger Herz

The Causal Effects of Competition on Innovation: Experimental Evidence
w19999 Karthik Muralidharan
Paul Niehaus
Sandip Sukhtankar

Building State Capacity: Evidence from Biometric Smartcards in India
w19999 Karthik Muralidharan
Paul Niehaus
Sandip Sukhtankar

Building State Capacity: Evidence from Biometric Smartcards in India
w19962 Petra Moser
Alessandra Voena
Fabian Waldinger

German-Jewish Emigres and U.S. Invention
w19947 Dirk Czarnitzki
Bronwyn H. Hall
Hanna Hottenrott

Patents as Quality Signals? The Implications for Financing Constraints on R&D
w19947 Dirk Czarnitzki
Bronwyn H. Hall
Hanna Hottenrott

Patents as Quality Signals? The Implications for Financing Constraints on R&D
w19947 Dirk Czarnitzki
Bronwyn H. Hall
Hanna Hottenrott

Patents as Quality Signals? The Implications for Financing Constraints on R&D
w19921 Tian Tang
David Popp

The Learning Process and Technological Change in Wind Power: Evidence from China's CDM Wind Projects
w19921 Tian Tang
David Popp

The Learning Process and Technological Change in Wind Power: Evidence from China's CDM Wind Projects
w19895 Robert J. Gordon
The Demise of U.S. Economic Growth: Restatement, Rebuttal, and Reflections
w19901 Serguey Braguinsky
Atsushi Ohyama
Tetsuji Okazaki
Chad Syverson

Acquisitions, Productivity, and Profitability: Evidence from the Japanese Cotton Spinning Industry
w19894 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit
Murat Alp Celik

Young, Restless and Creative: Openness to Disruption and Creative Innovations
w19866 Benjamin Jones
E.J. Reedy
Bruce A. Weinberg

Age and Scientific Genius
w19837 Daron Acemoglu
David Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson
Brendan Price

Return of the Solow Paradox? IT, Productivity, and Employment in U.S. Manufacturing
w19851 Daron Acemoglu
David Laibson
John A. List

Equalizing Superstars: The Internet and the Democratization of Education
w19819 Richard B. Freeman
Ina Ganguli
Raviv Murciano-Goroff

Why and Wherefore of Increased Scientific Collaboration
w19819 Richard B. Freeman
Ina Ganguli
Raviv Murciano-Goroff

Why and Wherefore of Increased Scientific Collaboration
w19819 Richard B. Freeman
Ina Ganguli
Raviv Murciano-Goroff

Why and Wherefore of Increased Scientific Collaboration
2013
w19743 Carl Kitchens
Price Fishback

Flip the Switch: The Spatial Impact of the Rural Electrification Administration 1935-1940
w19755 Susan Athey
Scott Stern

The Nature and Incidence of Software Piracy: Evidence from Windows
w19761 Jeffrey Clemens
The Effect of U.S. Health Insurance Expansions on Medical Innovation
w19761 Jeffrey Clemens
The Effect of U.S. Health Insurance Expansions on Medical Innovation
w19763 Ufuk Akcigit
Murat Alp Celik
Jeremy Greenwood

Buy, Keep or Sell: Economic Growth and the Market for Ideas
w19764 Matt Marx
Joshua S. Gans
David H. Hsu

Dynamic Commercialization Strategies for Disruptive Technologies: Evidence from the Speech Recognition Industry
w19694 Ajay Agrawal
Avi Goldfarb
Florenta Teodoridis

Does Knowledge Accumulation Increase the Returns to Collaboration?
w19694 Ajay Agrawal
Avi Goldfarb
Florenta Teodoridis

Does Knowledge Accumulation Increase the Returns to Collaboration?
w19708 Viral V. Acharya
Zhaoxia Xu

Financial Dependence and Innovation: The Case of Public versus Private Firms
w19679 Ajay Agrawal
Iain Cockburn
Laurina Zhang

Deals Not Done: Sources of Failure in the Market for Ideas
w19679 Ajay Agrawal
Iain Cockburn
Laurina Zhang

Deals Not Done: Sources of Failure in the Market for Ideas
w19687 Paula Stephan
The Endless Frontier: Reaping what Bush Sowed?
w19687 Paula Stephan
The Endless Frontier: Reaping what Bush Sowed?
w19664 Josh Lerner
Jean Tirole

Standard-Essential Patents
w19667 Fernando E. Alvarez
Francisco J. Buera
Robert E. Lucas
Jr.

Idea Flows, Economic Growth, and Trade
w19657 William R. Kerr
Heterogeneous Technology Diffusion and Ricardian Trade Patterns
w19657 William R. Kerr
Heterogeneous Technology Diffusion and Ricardian Trade Patterns
w19658 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

Skilled Immigration and the Employment Structures of U.S. Firms
w19658 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

Skilled Immigration and the Employment Structures of U.S. Firms
w19673 Isaías N. Chaves
Stanley L. Engerman
James A. Robinson

Reinventing the Wheel: The Economic Benefits of Wheeled Transportation in Early British Colonial West Africa
w19674 Carolyn D. Egelman
Dennis Epple
Linda Argote
Erica R.H. Fuchs

Learning by Doing in a Multi-Product Manufacturing Environment: Product Variety, Customizations, and Overlapping Product Generations
w19634 Brett Danaher
Samita Dhanasobhon
Michael D. Smith
Rahul Telang

Understanding Media Markets in the Digital Age: Economics and Methodology
w19634 Brett Danaher
Samita Dhanasobhon
Michael D. Smith
Rahul Telang

Understanding Media Markets in the Digital Age: Economics and Methodology
w19647 David S. Abrams
Ufuk Akcigit
Jillian Popadak

Patent Value and Citations: Creative Destruction or Strategic Disruption?
w19653 Ajay Agrawal
John McHale
Alexander Oettl

Collaboration, Stars, and the Changing Organization of Science: Evidence from Evolutionary Biology
w19653 Ajay Agrawal
John McHale
Alexander Oettl

Collaboration, Stars, and the Changing Organization of Science: Evidence from Evolutionary Biology
w19593 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Impact of Biomedical Knowledge Accumulation on Mortality: A Bibliometric Analysis of Cancer Data
w19560 Joshua S. Gans
Fiona E. Murray
Scott Stern

Contracting Over the Disclosure of Scientific Knowledge: Intellectual Property and Academic Publication
w19560 Joshua S. Gans
Fiona E. Murray
Scott Stern

Contracting Over the Disclosure of Scientific Knowledge: Intellectual Property and Academic Publication
w19538 Joshua S. Gans
Fiona Murray

Credit History: The Changing Nature of Scientific Credit
w19512 Gordon C. McCord
Jeffrey D. Sachs

Development, Structure, and Transformation: Some Evidence on Comparative Economic Growth
w19518 Siping Luo
Mary E. Lovely
David Popp

Intellectual Returnees as Drivers of Indigenous Innovation: Evidence from the Chinese Photovoltaic Industry
w19518 Siping Luo
Mary E. Lovely
David Popp

Intellectual Returnees as Drivers of Indigenous Innovation: Evidence from the Chinese Photovoltaic Industry
w19518 Siping Luo
Mary E. Lovely
David Popp

Intellectual Returnees as Drivers of Indigenous Innovation: Evidence from the Chinese Photovoltaic Industry
w19521 Megan MacGarvie
Petra Moser

Copyright and the Profitability of Authorship: Evidence from Payments to Writers in the Romantic Period
w19521 Megan MacGarvie
Petra Moser

Copyright and the Profitability of Authorship: Evidence from Payments to Writers in the Romantic Period
w19525 Ajay Agrawal
John Horton
Nicola Lacetera
Elizabeth Lyons

Digitization and the Contract Labor Market: A Research Agenda
w19489 Ginger Zhe Jin
Benjamin Jones
Susan Feng Lu
Brian Uzzi

The Reverse Matthew Effect: Catastrophe and Consequence in Scientific Teams
w19507 Shane Greenstein
Frank Nagle

Digital Dark Matter and the Economic Contribution of Apache
w19507 Shane Greenstein
Frank Nagle

Digital Dark Matter and the Economic Contribution of Apache
w19473 Ufuk Akcigit
Douglas Hanley
Nicolas Serrano-Velarde

Back to Basics: Basic Research Spillovers, Innovation Policy and Growth
w19473 Ufuk Akcigit
Douglas Hanley
Nicolas Serrano-Velarde

Back to Basics: Basic Research Spillovers, Innovation Policy and Growth
w19445 George J. Borjas
Kirk B. Doran

Prizes and Productivity: How Winning the Fields Medal Affects Scientific Output
w19462 Hyunbae Chun
Jung-Wook Kim
Randall Morck

Productivity Growth and Stock Returns: Firm- and Aggregate-Level Analyses
w19430 Eric Budish
Benjamin N. Roin
Heidi Williams

Do firms underinvest in long-term research? Evidence from cancer clinical trials
w19430 Eric Budish
Benjamin N. Roin
Heidi Williams

Do firms underinvest in long-term research? Evidence from cancer clinical trials
w19372 Francisco J. Buera
Joseph P. Kaboski
Min Qiang Zhao

The Rise of Services: the Role of Skills, Scale, and Female Labor Supply
w19374 Bettina Peters
Mark J. Roberts
Van Anh Vuong
Helmut Fryges

Estimating Dynamic R&D Demand: An Analysis of Costs and Long-Run Benefits
w19374 Bettina Peters
Mark J. Roberts
Van Anh Vuong
Helmut Fryges

Estimating Dynamic R&D Demand: An Analysis of Costs and Long-Run Benefits
w19377 William R. Kerr
U.S. High-Skilled Immigration, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship: Empirical Approaches and Evidence
w19377 William R. Kerr
U.S. High-Skilled Immigration, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship: Empirical Approaches and Evidence
w19377 William R. Kerr
U.S. High-Skilled Immigration, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship: Empirical Approaches and Evidence
w19379 Ramana Nanda
Matthew Rhodes-Kropf

Innovation and the Financial Guillotine
w19394 Wen Wen
Marco Ceccagnoli
Chris Forman

Patent Commons, Thickets, and Open Source Software Entry by Start-Up Firms
w19361 Enrico Spolaore
Romain Wacziarg

Long-Term Barriers to Economic Development
w19303 Daniel Paravisini
Antoinette Schoar

The Incentive Effect of Scores: Randomized Evidence from Credit Committees
w19249 Thomas J. Holmes
Ellen R. McGrattan
Edward C. Prescott

Quid Pro Quo: Technology Capital Transfers for Market Access in China
w19249 Thomas J. Holmes
Ellen R. McGrattan
Edward C. Prescott

Quid Pro Quo: Technology Capital Transfers for Market Access in China
w19252 Suzanne Scotchmer
Patents in the University: Priming the Pump and Crowding Out
w19219 Diego Comin
Johannes Rode

From Green Users to Green Voters
w19223 Qing Miao
David Popp

Necessity as the Mother of Invention: Innovative Responses to Natural Disasters
w19191 Annamaria Conti
Jerry Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

Patents as Signals for Startup Financing
w19191 Annamaria Conti
Jerry Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

Patents as Signals for Startup Financing
w19150 Brett Danaher
Michael D. Smith
Rahul Telang

Piracy and Copyright Enforcement Mechanisms
w19107 Julian C. Jamison
Dean Karlan
Pia Raffler

Mixed Method Evaluation of a Passive mHealth Sexual Information Texting Service in Uganda
w19107 Julian C. Jamison
Dean Karlan
Pia Raffler

Mixed Method Evaluation of a Passive mHealth Sexual Information Texting Service in Uganda
w19086 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Jesús Fernández-Villaverde

Optimal Capital Versus Labor Taxation with Innovation-Led Growth
w19089 Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers
Mark Rogers
Vania Sena

The Importance (or not) of Patents to UK Firms
w19073 Benoît Mulkay
Jacques Mairesse

The R&D Tax Credit in France: Assessment and Ex-Ante Evaluation of the 2008 Reform
w19074 Wladimir Raymond
Jacques Mairesse
Pierre Mohnen
Franz Palm

Dynamic Models of R&D, Innovation and Productivity: Panel Data Evidence for Dutch and French Manufacturing
w19074 Wladimir Raymond
Jacques Mairesse
Pierre Mohnen
Franz Palm

Dynamic Models of R&D, Innovation and Productivity: Panel Data Evidence for Dutch and French Manufacturing
w19013 Aaron Chatterji
Edward L. Glaeser
William R. Kerr

Clusters of Entrepreneurship and Innovation
w19017 Randall Morck
Bernard Yeung
Wayne Yu

R-squared and the Economy
w18993 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit
Nicholas Bloom
William R. Kerr

Innovation, Reallocation and Growth
w18993 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit
Nicholas Bloom
William R. Kerr

Innovation, Reallocation and Growth
w18993 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit
Nicholas Bloom
William R. Kerr

Innovation, Reallocation and Growth
w18982 Nicolas Figueroa
Carlos J. Serrano

Patent Trading Flows of Small and Large Firms
w18982 Nicolas Figueroa
Carlos J. Serrano

Patent Trading Flows of Small and Large Firms
w18958 Michaël Bikard
Fiona E. Murray
Joshua Gans

Exploring Tradeoffs in the Organization of Scientific Work: Collaboration and Scientific Reward
w18958 Michaël Bikard
Fiona E. Murray
Joshua Gans

Exploring Tradeoffs in the Organization of Scientific Work: Collaboration and Scientific Reward
w18964 Grant Miller
A. Mushfiq Mobarak

Gender Differences in Preferences, Intra-Household Externalities, and Low Demand for Improved Cookstoves
w18938 David H. Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson

Untangling Trade and Technology: Evidence from Local Labor Markets
w18940 David H. Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson

The Geography of Trade and Technology Shocks in the United States
w18931 Kenneth Flamm
A Tale of Two Standards: Patent Pools and Innovation in the Optical Disk Drive Industry
w18931 Kenneth Flamm
A Tale of Two Standards: Patent Pools and Innovation in the Optical Disk Drive Industry
w18931 Kenneth Flamm
A Tale of Two Standards: Patent Pools and Innovation in the Optical Disk Drive Industry
w18931 Kenneth Flamm
A Tale of Two Standards: Patent Pools and Innovation in the Optical Disk Drive Industry
w18901 Paul Beaudry
David A. Green
Benjamin M. Sand

The Great Reversal in the Demand for Skill and Cognitive Tasks
w18862 Michael Kremer
Christopher M. Snyder

When Is Prevention More Profitable than Cure? The Impact of Time-Varying Consumer Heterogeneity
w18854 Philippe Aghion
Peter Howitt
Susanne Prantl

Patent Rights, Product Market Reforms, and Innovation
w18824 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Peter Howitt

What Do We Learn From Schumpeterian Growth Theory?
w18824 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Peter Howitt

What Do We Learn From Schumpeterian Growth Theory?
w18824 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Peter Howitt

What Do We Learn From Schumpeterian Growth Theory?
w18784 Yi Qian
Qiang Gong
Yuxin Chen

Untangling Searchable and Experiential Quality Responses to Counterfeits
w18784 Yi Qian
Qiang Gong
Yuxin Chen

Untangling Searchable and Experiential Quality Responses to Counterfeits
w18795 Marco Ceccagnoli
Matthew J. Higgins
Vincenzo Palermo

Behind the Scenes: Sources of Complementarity in R&D
w18795 Marco Ceccagnoli
Matthew J. Higgins
Vincenzo Palermo

Behind the Scenes: Sources of Complementarity in R&D
w18765 Quamrul Ashraf
Stelios Michalopoulos

Climatic Fluctuations and the Diffusion of Agriculture
w18765 Quamrul Ashraf
Stelios Michalopoulos

Climatic Fluctuations and the Diffusion of Agriculture
w18739 Allan Collard-Wexler
Jan De Loecker

Reallocation and Technology: Evidence from the U.S. Steel Industry
w18720 Ajay K. Agrawal
Nicola Lacetera
Elizabeth Lyons

Does Information Help or Hinder Job Applicants from Less Developed Countries in Online Markets?
2012
w18631 Petra Moser
Patent Laws and Innovation: Evidence from Economic History
w18631 Petra Moser
Patent Laws and Innovation: Evidence from Economic History
w18631 Petra Moser
Patent Laws and Innovation: Evidence from Economic History
w18631 Petra Moser
Patent Laws and Innovation: Evidence from Economic History
w18633 Gerard Padro i Miquel
Nancy Qian
Yang Yao

Social Fragmentation, Public Goods and Elections: Evidence from China
w18654 Nancy L. Stokey
Catching Up and Falling Behind
w18613 Giuseppe Scellato
Chiara Franzoni
Paula Stephan

Mobile Scientists and International Networks
w18614 George J. Borjas
Kirk B. Doran

Cognitive Mobility: Labor Market Responses to Supply Shocks in the Space of Ideas
w18625 Pierre Azoulay
Toby Stuart
Yanbo Wang

Matthew: Effect or Fable?
w18625 Pierre Azoulay
Toby Stuart
Yanbo Wang

Matthew: Effect or Fable?
w18595 Daron Acemoglu
Gino Gancia
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Offshoring and Directed Technical Change
w18595 Daron Acemoglu
Gino Gancia
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Offshoring and Directed Technical Change
w18596 Philippe Aghion
Antoine Dechezleprêtre
David Hemous
Ralf Martin
John Van Reenen

Carbon Taxes, Path Dependency and Directed Technical Change: Evidence from the Auto Industry
w18577 Chiara Franzoni
Giuseppe Scellato
Paula Stephan

The Mover's Advantage: Scientific Performance of Mobile Academics
w18552 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Effect of Pharmaceutical Innovation on Longevity: Patient-Level Evidence from the 1996-2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and Linked Mortality Public-Use Files
w18534 Diego A. Comin
Mikhail Dmitriev
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

The Spatial Diffusion of Technology
w18494 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

Words in Patents: Research Inputs and the Value of Innovativeness in Invention
w18494 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

Words in Patents: Research Inputs and the Value of Innovativeness in Invention
w18494 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

Words in Patents: Research Inputs and the Value of Innovativeness in Invention
w18499 Pierre Azoulay
Jeffrey L. Furman
Joshua L. Krieger
Fiona E. Murray

Retractions
w18470 Alessandra Fogli
Laura Veldkamp

Germs, Social Networks and Growth
w18474 Ejaz Ghani
William R. Kerr
Christopher T. Stanton

Diasporas and Outsourcing: Evidence from oDesk and India
w18441 Daron Acemoglu
James A. Robinson
Thierry Verdier

Can't We All Be More Like Scandinavians? Asymmetric Growth and Institutions in an Interdependent World
w18456 John Hassler
Per Krusell
Conny Olovsson

Energy-Saving Technical Change
w18424 Ilia Rainer
Francesco Trebbi

New Tools for the Analysis of Political Power in Africa
w18425 Patrick Francois
Ilia Rainer
Francesco Trebbi

How Is Power Shared In Africa?
w18401 Rema Hanna
Sendhil Mullainathan
Joshua Schwartzstein

Learning Through Noticing: Theory and Experimental Evidence in Farming
w18405 Charles R. Hulten
Janet X. Hao

The Role Of Intangible Capital in the Transformation and Growth of the Chinese Economy
w18385 Timothy Simcoe
Michael W. Toffel

Public Procurement and the Private Supply of Green Buildings
w18388 Jonathan Rose
Kenneth A. Snowden

The New Deal and the Origins of the Modern American Real Estate Loan Contract
w18364 Carolin Haeussler
Matthew J. Higgins

Explaining Preferences for Control Rights in Strategic Alliances: A Property Rights and Capabilities Perspective Approach
w18346 Gordon M. Phillips
Alexei Zhdanov

R&D and the Incentives from Merger and Acquisition Activity
w18346 Gordon M. Phillips
Alexei Zhdanov

R&D and the Incentives from Merger and Acquisition Activity
w18315 Robert J. Gordon
Is U.S. Economic Growth Over? Faltering Innovation Confronts the Six Headwinds
w18315 Robert J. Gordon
Is U.S. Economic Growth Over? Faltering Innovation Confronts the Six Headwinds
w18292 Michael Roach
Wesley M. Cohen

Lens or Prism? Patent Citations as a Measure of Knowledge Flows from Public Research
w18292 Michael Roach
Wesley M. Cohen

Lens or Prism? Patent Citations as a Measure of Knowledge Flows from Public Research
w18292 Michael Roach
Wesley M. Cohen

Lens or Prism? Patent Citations as a Measure of Knowledge Flows from Public Research
w18297 Albert N. Link
Christopher J. Ruhm
Donald S. Siegel

Private Equity and the Innovation Strategies of Entrepreneurial Firms: Empirical Evidence from the Small Business Innovation Research Program
w18297 Albert N. Link
Christopher J. Ruhm
Donald S. Siegel

Private Equity and the Innovation Strategies of Entrepreneurial Firms: Empirical Evidence from the Small Business Innovation Research Program
w18297 Albert N. Link
Christopher J. Ruhm
Donald S. Siegel

Private Equity and the Innovation Strategies of Entrepreneurial Firms: Empirical Evidence from the Small Business Innovation Research Program
w18310 Ethan G. Lewis
Immigration and Production Technology
w18310 Ethan G. Lewis
Immigration and Production Technology
w18316 Ryan L. Lampe
Petra Moser

Do Patent Pools Encourage Innovation? Evidence from 20 U.S. Industries under the New Deal
w18235 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Pharmaceutical Innovation and Longevity Growth in 30 Developing and High-income Countries, 2000-2009
w18203 Ashish Arora
Andrea Fosfuri
Thomas Roende

Managing Licensing in a Market for Technology
w18146 Fiona E. Murray
Evaluating the Role of Science Philanthropy in American Research Universities
w18146 Fiona E. Murray
Evaluating the Role of Science Philanthropy in American Research Universities
w18159 Paul Beaudry
Ethan Lewis

Do Male-Female Wage Differentials Reflect Differences in the Return to Skill? Cross-City Evidence From 1980-2000
w18130 Enrico Spolaore
Romain Wacziarg

How Deep Are the Roots of Economic Development?
w18116 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Gustavo Manso

NIH Peer Review: Challenges and Avenues for Reform
w18116 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Gustavo Manso

NIH Peer Review: Challenges and Avenues for Reform
w18101 Monica Martinez-Bravo
Gerard Padró i Miquel
Nancy Qian
Yang Yao

Elections in China
w18091 Jess Benhabib
Jesse Perla
Christopher Tonetti

Catch-up and Fall-back through Innovation and Imitation
w18091 Jess Benhabib
Jesse Perla
Christopher Tonetti

Catch-up and Fall-back through Innovation and Imitation
w18091 Jess Benhabib
Jesse Perla
Christopher Tonetti

Catch-up and Fall-back through Innovation and Imitation
w18079 Emin M. Dinlersoz
Jeremy Greenwood

The Rise and Fall of Unions in the U.S.
w18053 Bronwyn H. Hall
Francesca Lotti
Jacques Mairesse

Evidence on the Impact of R&D and ICT Investment on Innovation and Productivity in Italian Firms
w18053 Bronwyn H. Hall
Francesca Lotti
Jacques Mairesse

Evidence on the Impact of R&D and ICT Investment on Innovation and Productivity in Italian Firms
w18067 Chiara Franzoni
Giuseppe Scellato
Paula Stephan

Foreign Born Scientists: Mobility Patterns for Sixteen Countries
w18048 Philippe Aghion
Mathias Dewatripont
Luosha Du
Ann Harrison
Patrick Legros

Industrial Policy and Competition
w18039 Dana Burde
Leigh L. Linden

The Effect of Village-Based Schools: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Afghanistan
w18017 Steven D. Levitt
John A. List
Chad Syverson

Toward an Understanding of Learning by Doing: Evidence from an Automobile Assembly Plant
w17999 Bernhard Ganglmair
Emanuele Tarantino

Patent Disclosure in Standard Setting
w17994 Daron Acemoglu
The World our Grandchildren Will Inherit: The Rights Revolution and Beyond
w17983 Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers
Mark Rogers
Vania Sena

The Choice between Formal and Informal Intellectual Property: A Literature Review
w17980 Erika Farnstrand Damsgaard
Marie C. Thursby

University Entrepreneurship and Professor Privilege
w17980 Erika Farnstrand Damsgaard
Marie C. Thursby

University Entrepreneurship and Professor Privilege
w17980 Erika Farnstrand Damsgaard
Marie C. Thursby

University Entrepreneurship and Professor Privilege
w17948 Russell Cooper
Guan Gong
Ping Yan

Costly Labor Adjustment: Effects of China's Employment Regulations
w17879 Richard H. Steckel
William J. White

Engines of Growth: Farm Tractors and Twentieth-Century U.S. Economic Welfare
w17888 Jennifer Hunt
Jean-Philippe Garant
Hannah Herman
David J. Munroe

Why Don't Women Patent?
w17892 Benjamin A. Olken
Junko Onishi
Susan Wong

Should Aid Reward Performance? Evidence from a Field Experiment on Health and Education in Indonesia
w17820 Daron Acemoglu
David Autor

What Does Human Capital Do? A Review of Goldin and Katz's The Race between Education and Technology
w17820 Daron Acemoglu
David Autor

What Does Human Capital Do? A Review of Goldin and Katz's The Race between Education and Technology
w17825 Emek Basker
Raising the Barcode Scanner: Technology and Productivity in the Retail Sector
w17800 George J. Borjas
Kirk B. Doran

The Collapse of the Soviet Union and the Productivity of American Mathematicians
w17801 Jeremy D. Foltz
Ursula T. Aldana
Paul Laris

The Sahel's Silent Maize Revolution: Analyzing Maize Productivity in Mali at the Farm-level
w17792 David Popp
Nidhi Santen
Karen Fisher-Vanden
Mort Webster

Technology Variation vs. R&D Uncertainty: What Matters Most for Energy Patent Success?
w17793 Ajay K. Agrawal
Iain M. Cockburn
Alberto Galasso
Alexander Oettl

Why are Some Regions More Innovative than Others? The Role of Firm Size Diversity
w17795 Leonid Kogan
Dimitris Papanikolaou

Growth Opportunities, Technology Shocks, and Asset Prices
w17769 Leonid Kogan
Dimitris Papanikolaou
Amit Seru
Noah Stoffman

Technological Innovation, Resource Allocation, and Growth
w17773 Bronwyn H. Hall
Dietmar Harhoff

Recent Research on the Economics of Patents
w17750 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Effect of Pharmaceutical Innovation on the Functional Limitations of Elderly Americans Evidence from the 2004 National Nursing Home Survey
2011
w17656 Francesco Caselli
Antonio Ciccone

The Contribution of Schooling in Development Accounting: Results from a Nonparametric Upper Bound
w17656 Francesco Caselli
Antonio Ciccone

The Contribution of Schooling in Development Accounting: Results from a Nonparametric Upper Bound
w17659 Rui Castro
Gian Luca Clementi
Yoonsoo Lee

Cross-Sectoral Variation in The Volatility of Plant-Level Idiosyncratic Shocks
w17659 Rui Castro
Gian Luca Clementi
Yoonsoo Lee

Cross-Sectoral Variation in The Volatility of Plant-Level Idiosyncratic Shocks
w17602 Ufuk Akcigit
Qingmin Liu

The Role of Information in Competitive Experimentation
w17605 Naci H. Mocan
Bulent Unel

Skill-biased Technological Change, Earnings of Unskilled Workers, and Crime
w17573 Ryan L. Lampe
Petra Moser

Patent Pools and the Direction of Innovation - Evidence from the 19th-century Sewing Machine Industry
w17577 William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln
Prachi Mishra

The Dynamics of Firm Lobbying
w17577 William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln
Prachi Mishra

The Dynamics of Firm Lobbying
w17512 Jonathan Chiu
Cesaire Meh
Randall Wright

Innovation and Growth with Financial, and other, Frictions
w17512 Jonathan Chiu
Cesaire Meh
Randall Wright

Innovation and Growth with Financial, and other, Frictions
w17512 Jonathan Chiu
Cesaire Meh
Randall Wright

Innovation and Growth with Financial, and other, Frictions
w17493 Andrew Atkeson
Ariel T. Burstein

Aggregate Implications of Innovation Policy
w17441 Albert N. Link
Christopher J. Ruhm

Creativity and the Family Tree: Human Capital Endowments and the Propensity of Entrepreneurs to Patent
w17414 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Impact of Therapeutic Procedure Innovation on Hospital Patient Longevity: Evidence from Western Australia, 2000-2007
w17404 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Jason Fong

Communitywide Database Designs for Tracking Innovation Impact: COMETS, STARS and Nanobank
w17404 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Jason Fong

Communitywide Database Designs for Tracking Innovation Impact: COMETS, STARS and Nanobank
w17404 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Jason Fong

Communitywide Database Designs for Tracking Innovation Impact: COMETS, STARS and Nanobank
w17404 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Jason Fong

Communitywide Database Designs for Tracking Innovation Impact: COMETS, STARS and Nanobank
w17367 Alberto Galasso
Mark Schankerman
Carlos J. Serrano

Trading and Enforcing Patent Rights
w17367 Alberto Galasso
Mark Schankerman
Carlos J. Serrano

Trading and Enforcing Patent Rights
w17371 David H. Howard
Yu-Chu Shen

Comparative Effectiveness Research, COURAGE, and Technological Abandonment
w17304 Carlos J. Serrano
Estimating the Gains from Trade in the Market for Innovation: Evidence from the Transfer of Patents
w17304 Carlos J. Serrano
Estimating the Gains from Trade in the Market for Innovation: Evidence from the Transfer of Patents
w17336 C. Fritz Foley
William R. Kerr

Ethnic Innovation and U.S. Multinational Firm Activity
w17336 C. Fritz Foley
William R. Kerr

Ethnic Innovation and U.S. Multinational Firm Activity
w17336 C. Fritz Foley
William R. Kerr

Ethnic Innovation and U.S. Multinational Firm Activity
w17271 Enrico Spolaore
Romain Wacziarg

Long-Term Barriers to the International Diffusion of Innovations
w17249 Tamara Hafner
David Popp

China and India as Suppliers of Affordable Medicines to Developing Countries
w17253 Stephen P. Ryan
Catherine Tucker

Heterogeneity and the Dynamics of Technology Adoption
w17204 Leonardo Iacovone
Beata Smarzynska Javorcik
Wolfgang Keller
James R. Tybout

Supplier Responses to Wal-Mart's Invasion of Mexico
w17178 Bronwyn H. Hall
Innovation and Productivity
w17181 Thomas Åstebro
Carlos J. Serrano

Business Partners, Financing, and the Commercialization of Inventions
w17172 Christos Genakos
Kai-Uwe Kühn
John Van Reenen

Leveraging Monopoly Power by Degrading Interoperability: Theory and Evidence from Computer Markets
w17188 Lee G. Branstetter
Chirantan Chatterjee
Matthew Higgins

Regulation and Welfare: Evidence from Paragraph IV Generic Entry in the Pharmaceutical Industry
w17124 Avi Goldfarb
Catherine Tucker

Privacy and Innovation
w17124 Avi Goldfarb
Catherine Tucker

Privacy and Innovation
w17129 Isaac Mbiti
David N. Weil

Mobile Banking: The Impact of M-Pesa in Kenya
w17094 Charles I. Jones
Life and Growth
w17100 Nune Hovhannisyan
Wolfgang Keller

International Business Travel: An Engine of Innovation?
w17075 Oded Galor
Stelios Michalopoulos

Evolution and the Growth Process: Natural Selection of Entrepreneurial Traits
w17046 Peter J. Huckfeldt
Christopher R. Knittel

Pharmaceutical Use Following Generic Entry: Paying Less and Buying Less
w17046 Peter J. Huckfeldt
Christopher R. Knittel

Pharmaceutical Use Following Generic Entry: Paying Less and Buying Less
w17013 Ashish Arora
Sharon Belenzon
Luis A. Rios

The Organization of R&D in American Corporations: The Determinants and Consequences of Decentralization
w17031 Nicola Lacetera
Lorenzo Zirulia

Individual Preferences, Organization, and Competition in a Model of R&D Incentive Provision
w17031 Nicola Lacetera
Lorenzo Zirulia

Individual Preferences, Organization, and Competition in a Model of R&D Incentive Provision
w16980 Joshua Gans
Fiona E. Murray

Funding Scientific Knowledge: Selection, Disclosure and the Public-Private Portfolio
w16980 Joshua Gans
Fiona E. Murray

Funding Scientific Knowledge: Selection, Disclosure and the Public-Private Portfolio
w16983 Petra Moser
Paul W. Rhode

Did Plant Patents Create the American Rose?
w16983 Petra Moser
Paul W. Rhode

Did Plant Patents Create the American Rose?
w16983 Petra Moser
Paul W. Rhode

Did Plant Patents Create the American Rose?
w16984 Daron Acemoglu
Diversity and Technological Progress
w16984 Daron Acemoglu
Diversity and Technological Progress
w16984 Daron Acemoglu
Diversity and Technological Progress
w16993 Ralf Meisenzahl
Joel Mokyr

The Rate and Direction of Invention in the British Industrial Revolution: Incentives and Institutions
w16993 Ralf Meisenzahl
Joel Mokyr

The Rate and Direction of Invention in the British Industrial Revolution: Incentives and Institutions
w16947 Alejandro Artopoulos
Daniel Friel
Juan Carlos Hallak

Lifting the Domestic Veil: The Challenges of Exporting Differentiated Goods Across the Development Divide
w16943 Thomas F. Hellmann
Enrico C. Perotti

The Circulation of Ideas in Firms and Markets
w16920 Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers

Innovation and Diffusion of Clean/Green Technology: Can Patent Commons Help?
w16920 Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers

Innovation and Diffusion of Clean/Green Technology: Can Patent Commons Help?
w16852 Jonathan D. Levin
The Economics of Internet Markets
w16864 Edward N. Wolff
Spillovers, Linkages, and Productivity Growth in the US Economy, 1958 to 2007
w16864 Edward N. Wolff
Spillovers, Linkages, and Productivity Growth in the US Economy, 1958 to 2007
w16823 Anna A. Levine Taub
Anton Kolotilin
Robert S. Gibbons
Ernst R. Berndt

The Diversity of Concentrated Prescribing Behavior: An Application to Antipsychotics
w16806 Andrei A. Levchenko
Jing Zhang

The Evolution of Comparative Advantage: Measurement and Welfare Implications
w16780 Josh Lerner
Peter Tufano

The Consequences of Financial Innovation: A Counterfactual Research Agenda
w16756 Lee J. Alston
Krister Andersson

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Forest Protection: The Transaction Costs of REDD
w16721 William Jack
Tavneet Suri

Mobile Money: The Economics of M-PESA
w16717 Nicholas Bloom
Mirko Draca
John Van Reenen

Trade Induced Technical Change? The Impact of Chinese Imports on Innovation, IT and Productivity
w16683 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Bhaven N. Sampat

The Diffusion of Scientific Knowledge Across Time and Space: Evidence from Professional Transitions for the Superstars of Medicine
w16692 Yi Qian
Hui Xie

Investigating the Dynamic Effects of Counterfeits with a Random Changepoint Simultaneous Equation Model
w16694 Roger H. Gordon
Wei Li

Provincial and Local Governments in China: Fiscal Institutions and Government Behavior
w16658 Nicholas Bloom
Benn Eifert
Aprajit Mahajan
David McKenzie
John Roberts

Does Management Matter? Evidence from India
w16658 Nicholas Bloom
Benn Eifert
Aprajit Mahajan
David McKenzie
John Roberts

Does Management Matter? Evidence from India
2010
w16639 William R. Kerr
Scott Duke Kominers

Agglomerative Forces and Cluster Shapes
w16597 William Easterly
Ariell Reshef

African Export Successes: Surprises, Stylized Facts, and Explanations
w16573 Maria Guadalupe
Olga Kuzmina
Catherine Thomas

Innovation and Foreign Ownership
w16577 Jonathan A. Parker
Annette Vissing-Jorgensen

The Increase in Income Cyclicality of High-Income Households and its Relation to the Rise in Top Income Shares
w16577 Jonathan A. Parker
Annette Vissing-Jorgensen

The Increase in Income Cyclicality of High-Income Households and its Relation to the Rise in Top Income Shares
w16529 Rebecca Henderson
Richard G. Newell

Accelerating Energy Innovation: Insights from Multiple Sectors
w16543 Seth H. Werfel
Adam B. Jaffe

Induction and Evolution in the Origin of Inventions: Evidence from Smoking Cessation Products
w16521 James A. Brander
Qianqian Du
Thomas F. Hellmann

The Effects of Government-Sponsored Venture Capital: International Evidence
w16443 Ufuk Akcigit
William R. Kerr

Growth Through Heterogeneous Innovations
w16443 Ufuk Akcigit
William R. Kerr

Growth Through Heterogeneous Innovations
w16494 Alan L. Olmstead
Paul W. Rhode

Productivity Growth and the Regional Dynamics of Antebellum Southern Development
w16411 Daron Acemoglu
Dan Vu Cao

Innovation by Entrants and Incumbents
w16411 Daron Acemoglu
Dan Vu Cao

Innovation by Entrants and Incumbents
w16419 Glenn Ellison
How Does the Market Use Citation Data? The Hirsch Index in Economics
w16368 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Gerard Roland

Culture, Institutions and the Wealth of Nations
w16375 Erika Färnstrand Damsgaard
Per Krusell

The World Distribution of Productivity: Country TFP Choice in a Nelson-Phelps Economy
w16378 Diego A. Comin
Bart Hobijn

Technology Diffusion and Postwar Growth
w16379 Diego A. Comin
Martí Mestieri

An Intensive Exploration of Technology Diffusion
w16341 Francesco Lissoni
Jacques Mairesse
Fabio Montobbio
Michele Pezzoni

Scientific Productivity and Academic Promotion: A Study on French and Italian Physicists
w16323 Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers

The role of patent protection in (clean/green) technology transfer
w16323 Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers

The role of patent protection in (clean/green) technology transfer
w16331 Lisa D. Cook
Chaleampong Kongcharoen

The Idea Gap in Pink and Black
w16295 Yi Qian
Are National Patent Laws the Blossoming Rain?
w16288 Keith Head
Ran Jing
Deborah L. Swenson

From Beijing to Bentonville: Do Multinational Retailers Link Markets?
w16298 Pascaline Dupas
Short-Run Subsidies and Long-Run Adoption of New Health Products: Evidence from a Field Experiment
w16248 Peter Cappelli
The Performance Effects of IT-Enabled Knowledge Management Practices
w16213 Heidi L. Williams
Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation: Evidence from the Human Genome
w16213 Heidi L. Williams
Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation: Evidence from the Human Genome
w16221 Jordi Jaumandreu
Jacques Mairesse

Innovation and Welfare: Results from Joint Estimation of Production and Demand Functions
w16188 Sergey Lychagin
Joris Pinkse
Margaret E. Slade
John Van Reenen

Spillovers in Space: Does Geography Matter?
w16156 Ashish Arora
Lee G. Branstetter
Matej Drev

Going Soft: How the Rise of Software Based Innovation Led to the Decline of Japan's IT Industry and the Resurgence of Silicon Valley
w16156 Ashish Arora
Lee G. Branstetter
Matej Drev

Going Soft: How the Rise of Software Based Innovation Led to the Decline of Japan's IT Industry and the Resurgence of Silicon Valley
w16156 Ashish Arora
Lee G. Branstetter
Matej Drev

Going Soft: How the Rise of Software Based Innovation Led to the Decline of Japan's IT Industry and the Resurgence of Silicon Valley
w16166 Shane Greenstein
Ryan C. McDevitt

Evidence of a Modest Price Decline in US Broadband Services
w16138 Guy Michaels
Ashwini Natraj
John Van Reenen

Has ICT Polarized Skill Demand? Evidence from Eleven Countries over 25 years
w16113 Henry Sauermann
Paula E. Stephan

Twins or Strangers? Differences and Similarities between Industrial and Academic Science
w16113 Henry Sauermann
Paula E. Stephan

Twins or Strangers? Differences and Similarities between Industrial and Academic Science
w16113 Henry Sauermann
Paula E. Stephan

Twins or Strangers? Differences and Similarities between Industrial and Academic Science
w16082 Daron Acemoglu
David Autor

Skills, Tasks and Technologies: Implications for Employment and Earnings
w16082 Daron Acemoglu
David Autor

Skills, Tasks and Technologies: Implications for Employment and Earnings
w16041 Alberto Galasso
Timothy S. Simcoe

CEO Overconfidence and Innovation
w16041 Alberto Galasso
Timothy S. Simcoe

CEO Overconfidence and Innovation
w16041 Alberto Galasso
Timothy S. Simcoe

CEO Overconfidence and Innovation
w16002 Benjamin Jones
As Science Evolves, How Can Science Policy?
w16019 Nicholas Bloom
John Van Reenen

Human Resource Management and Productivity
w16019 Nicholas Bloom
John Van Reenen

Human Resource Management and Productivity
w15959 Aamir Rafique Hashmi
Johannes Van Biesebroeck

Market Structure and Innovation: A Dynamic Analysis of the Global Automobile Industry
w15971 Casey B. Mulligan
The Housing Cycle and Prospects for Technical Progress
w15958 Daron Acemoglu
Gino Gancia
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Competing Engines of Growth: Innovation and Standardization
w15958 Daron Acemoglu
Gino Gancia
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Competing Engines of Growth: Innovation and Standardization
w15958 Daron Acemoglu
Gino Gancia
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Competing Engines of Growth: Innovation and Standardization
w15905 Shane Greenstein
Nurturing the Accumulation of Innovations: Lessons from the Internet
w15880 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Has medical innovation reduced cancer mortality?
w15857 Jacques Mairesse
Pierre Mohnen

Using Innovations Surveys for Econometric Analysis
w15869 Jasjit Singh
Ajay K. Agrawal

Recruiting for Ideas: How Firms Exploit the Prior Inventions of New Hires
w15869 Jasjit Singh
Ajay K. Agrawal

Recruiting for Ideas: How Firms Exploit the Prior Inventions of New Hires
w15869 Jasjit Singh
Ajay K. Agrawal

Recruiting for Ideas: How Firms Exploit the Prior Inventions of New Hires
w15869 Jasjit Singh
Ajay K. Agrawal

Recruiting for Ideas: How Firms Exploit the Prior Inventions of New Hires
w15851 Grid Thoma
Salvatore Torrisi
Alfonso Gambardella
Dominique Guellec
Bronwyn H. Hall
Dietmar Harhoff

Harmonizing and Combining Large Datasets - An Application to Firm-Level Patent and Accounting Data
w15831 William R. Kerr
Josh Lerner
Antoinette Schoar

The Consequences of Entrepreneurial Finance: A Regression Discontinuity Analysis
w15771 Lee J. Alston
Bernardo Mueller

Property Rights, Land Conflict and Tenancy in Brazil
w15792 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Monika Schnitzer

Financial constraints and innovation: Why poor countries don't catch up
w15793 Brian D. Wright
Tiffany M. Shih

Agricultural Innovation
w15793 Brian D. Wright
Tiffany M. Shih

Agricultural Innovation
w15799 Charles R. Hulten
Decoding Microsoft: Intangible Capital as a Source of Company Growth
w15755 Paul M. Romer
Which Parts of Globalization Matter for Catch-up Growth?
w15768 William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

The Supply Side of Innovation: H-1B Visa Reforms and US Ethnic Invention
w15732 Richard Jensen
Jerry Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

University-Industry Spillovers, Government Funding, and Industrial Consulting
w15732 Richard Jensen
Jerry Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

University-Industry Spillovers, Government Funding, and Industrial Consulting
w15732 Richard Jensen
Jerry Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

University-Industry Spillovers, Government Funding, and Industrial Consulting
w15673 David Popp
Innovation and Climate Policy
w15673 David Popp
Innovation and Climate Policy
w15676 Ashish Arora
Alfonso Gambardella

Implications for Energy Innovation from the chemical industry
w15676 Ashish Arora
Alfonso Gambardella

Implications for Energy Innovation from the chemical industry
w15676 Ashish Arora
Alfonso Gambardella

Implications for Energy Innovation from the chemical industry
w15676 Ashish Arora
Alfonso Gambardella

Implications for Energy Innovation from the chemical industry
w15676 Ashish Arora
Alfonso Gambardella

Implications for Energy Innovation from the chemical industry
w15677 Jesús Fernández-Villaverde
Jeremy Greenwood
Nezih Guner

From Shame to Game in One Hundred Years: An Economic Model of the Rise in Premarital Sex and its De-Stigmatization
2009
w15622 Bronwyn H. Hall
Jacques Mairesse
Pierre Mohnen

Measuring the Returns to R&D
w15627 Ant Bozkaya
William R. Kerr

Labor Regulations and European Private Equity
w15627 Ant Bozkaya
William R. Kerr

Labor Regulations and European Private Equity
w15598 Petra Moser
Alessandra Voena

Compulsory Licensing - Evidence from the Trading with the Enemy Act
w15598 Petra Moser
Alessandra Voena

Compulsory Licensing - Evidence from the Trading with the Enemy Act
w15598 Petra Moser
Alessandra Voena

Compulsory Licensing - Evidence from the Trading with the Enemy Act
w15598 Petra Moser
Alessandra Voena

Compulsory Licensing - Evidence from the Trading with the Enemy Act
w15532 Ashish Arora
Anand Nandkumar

Cash-out or flame-out! Opportunity cost and entrepreneurial strategy: Theory, and evidence from the information security industry
w15536 Edward L. Glaeser
Stuart S. Rosenthal
William C. Strange

Urban Economics and Entrepreneurship
w15501 William Kerr
The Agglomeration of US Ethnic Inventors
w15509 Wolfgang Keller
Stephen R. Yeaple

The Gravity of Knowledge
w15474 James Feyrer
The US Productivity Slowdown, the Baby Boom, and Management Quality
w15486 Carol McAusland
Peter J. Kuhn

Bidding for Brains: Intellectual Property Rights and the International Migration of Knowledge Workers
w15489 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The Role of Search in University Productivity: Inside, Outside, and Interdisciplinary Dimensions
w15489 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The Role of Search in University Productivity: Inside, Outside, and Interdisciplinary Dimensions
w15489 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The Role of Search in University Productivity: Inside, Outside, and Interdisciplinary Dimensions
w15466 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Gustavo Manso

Incentives and Creativity: Evidence from the Academic Life Sciences
w15466 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Gustavo Manso

Incentives and Creativity: Evidence from the Academic Life Sciences
w15468 Margaret Kyle
Anita McGahan

Investments in Pharmaceuticals Before and After TRIPS
w15437 Ajay K. Agrawal
Iain M. Cockburn
Carlos Rosell

Not Invented Here? Innovation in Company Towns
w15440 Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Kenneth L. Sokoloff
Dhanoos Sutthiphisal

The Reorganization of Inventive Activity in the United States during the Early Twentieth Century
w15442 Wolfgang Keller
International Trade, Foreign Direct Investment, and Technology Spillovers
w15443 William R. Kerr
Breakthrough Inventions and Migrating Clusters of Innovation
w15451 Daron Acemoglu
Philippe Aghion
Leonardo Bursztyn
David Hemous

The Environment and Directed Technical Change
w15451 Daron Acemoglu
Philippe Aghion
Leonardo Bursztyn
David Hemous

The Environment and Directed Technical Change
w15451 Daron Acemoglu
Philippe Aghion
Leonardo Bursztyn
David Hemous

The Environment and Directed Technical Change
w15423 David Popp
Richard G. Newell

Where Does Energy R&D Come From? Examining Crowding Out from Environmentally-Friendly R&D
w15428 Diego A. Comin
Norman Loayza
Farooq Pasha
Luis Serven

Medium Term Business Cycles in Developing Countries
w15393 Lee Branstetter
Kamal Saggi

Intellectual Property Rights, Foreign Direct Investment, and Industrial Development
w15393 Lee Branstetter
Kamal Saggi

Intellectual Property Rights, Foreign Direct Investment, and Industrial Development
w15377 Edward L. Glaeser
William R. Kerr
Giacomo A.M. Ponzetto

Clusters of Entrepreneurship
w15356 Stelios Michalopoulos
Luc Laeven
Ross Levine

Financial Innovation and Endogenous Growth
w15349 Klaus Desmet
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Spatial Development
w15315 Carolin Haeussler
Lin Jiang
Jerry Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

Specific and General Information Sharing Among Academic Scientists
w15315 Carolin Haeussler
Lin Jiang
Jerry Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

Specific and General Information Sharing Among Academic Scientists
w15325 Bronwyn H. Hall
Josh Lerner

The Financing of R&D and Innovation
w15325 Bronwyn H. Hall
Josh Lerner

The Financing of R&D and Innovation
w15299 Shawn Kantor
Alexander Whalley

Do Universities Generate Agglomeration Spillovers? Evidence from Endowment Value Shocks
w15304 Sharon Belenzon
Tomer Berkovitz
Patrick Bolton

Intracompany Governance and Innovation
w15304 Sharon Belenzon
Tomer Berkovitz
Patrick Bolton

Intracompany Governance and Innovation
w15285 Waverly W. Ding
Sharon G. Levin
Paula E. Stephan
Anne E. Winkler

The Impact of Information Technology on Scientists' Productivity, Quality and Collaboration Patterns
w15233 James D. Adams
Is the U.S. Losing Its Preeminence in Higher Education?
w15129 Nicholas Bloom
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

The organization of firms across countries
w15129 Nicholas Bloom
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

The organization of firms across countries
w15131 Esther Duflo
Michael Kremer
Jonathan Robinson

Nudging Farmers to Use Fertilizer: Theory and Experimental Evidence from Kenya
w15146 Margaret E. Blume-Kohout
Krishna B. Kumar
Neeraj Sood

Federal Life Sciences Funding and University R&D
w15150 David H. Autor
David Dorn

The Growth of Low Skill Service Jobs and the Polarization of the U.S. Labor Market
w15094 Charles I. Jones
Paul M. Romer

The New Kaldor Facts: Ideas, Institutions, Population, and Human Capital
w15065 William A. Brock
Steven N. Durlauf

Adoption Curves and Social Interactions
w15067 Hongbin Cai
J. Vernon Henderson
Qinghua Zhang

China's Land Market Auctions: Evidence of Corruption
w15068 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Quality of Medical Care, Behavioral Risk Factors, and Longevity Growth
w15061 Ryan L. Lampe
Petra Moser

Do Patent Pools Encourage Innovation? Evidence from the 19th-Century Sewing Machine Industry
w15061 Ryan L. Lampe
Petra Moser

Do Patent Pools Encourage Innovation? Evidence from the 19th-Century Sewing Machine Industry
w15061 Ryan L. Lampe
Petra Moser

Do Patent Pools Encourage Innovation? Evidence from the 19th-Century Sewing Machine Industry
w15061 Ryan L. Lampe
Petra Moser

Do Patent Pools Encourage Innovation? Evidence from the 19th-Century Sewing Machine Industry
w15061 Ryan L. Lampe
Petra Moser

Do Patent Pools Encourage Innovation? Evidence from the 19th-Century Sewing Machine Industry
w14975 Nicholas Bloom
Luis Garicano
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

The distinct effects of Information Technology and Communication Technology on firm organization
w14975 Nicholas Bloom
Luis Garicano
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

The distinct effects of Information Technology and Communication Technology on firm organization
w14975 Nicholas Bloom
Luis Garicano
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

The distinct effects of Information Technology and Communication Technology on firm organization
w14940 Nisvan Erkal
Suzanne Scotchmer

Scarcity of Ideas and R&D Options: Use it, Lose it or Bank it
w14946 Michael Schwarz
Yuri Takhteyev

Half a Century of Public Software Institutions: Open Source as a Solution to Hold-Up Problem
w14946 Michael Schwarz
Yuri Takhteyev

Half a Century of Public Software Institutions: Open Source as a Solution to Hold-Up Problem
w14926 Shih-tse Lo
Dhanoos Sutthiphisal

Does it Matter Who Has the Right to Patent: First-to-invent or First-to-file? Lessons From Canada
w14920 Jennifer Hunt
Which Immigrants Are Most Innovative and Entrepreneurial? Distinctions by Entry Visa
w14851 Philippe Aghion
Mathias Dewatripont
Caroline M. Hoxby
Andreu Mas-Colell
André Sapir

The Governance and Performance of Research Universities: Evidence from Europe and the U.S.
w14865 Jonathan Skinner
Douglas Staiger

Technology Diffusion and Productivity Growth in Health Care
w14868 Bronwyn H. Hall
Business and Financial Method Patents, Innovation, and Policy
w14832 David Popp
Richard G. Newell
Adam B. Jaffe

Energy, the Environment, and Technological Change
w14809 Daron Acemoglu
When Does Labor Scarcity Encourage Innovation?
w14809 Daron Acemoglu
When Does Labor Scarcity Encourage Innovation?
w14809 Daron Acemoglu
When Does Labor Scarcity Encourage Innovation?
w14828 Emily Oster
Rebecca Thornton

Determinants of Technology Adoption: Private Value and Peer Effects in Menstrual Cup Take-Up
w14797 Albert Link
Christopher Ruhm

Public Knowledge, Private Knowledge: The Intellectual Capital of Entrepreneurs
w14769 Philippe Aghion
John Van Reenen
Luigi Zingales

Innovation and Institutional Ownership
w14769 Philippe Aghion
John Van Reenen
Luigi Zingales

Innovation and Institutional Ownership
w14769 Philippe Aghion
John Van Reenen
Luigi Zingales

Innovation and Institutional Ownership
w14750 Chris Forman
Avi Goldfarb
Shane Greenstein

The Internet and Local Wages: Convergence or Divergence?
w14758 Shane Greenstein
Ryan C. McDevitt

The Broadband Bonus: Accounting for Broadband Internet's Impact on U.S. GDP
w14714 Bronwyn H. Hall
Grid Thoma
Salvatore Torrisi

Financial Patenting in Europe
w14714 Bronwyn H. Hall
Grid Thoma
Salvatore Torrisi

Financial Patenting in Europe
w14670 Bee Yan Aw
Mark J. Roberts
Daniel Yi Xu

R&D Investment, Exporting, and Productivity Dynamics
w14670 Bee Yan Aw
Mark J. Roberts
Daniel Yi Xu

R&D Investment, Exporting, and Productivity Dynamics
w14644 Thomas Philippon
Ariell Reshef

Wages and Human Capital in the U.S. Financial Industry: 1909-2006
w14644 Thomas Philippon
Ariell Reshef

Wages and Human Capital in the U.S. Financial Industry: 1909-2006
w14644 Thomas Philippon
Ariell Reshef

Wages and Human Capital in the U.S. Financial Industry: 1909-2006
w14638 William D. Nordhaus
The Perils of the Learning Model For Modeling Endogenous Technological Change
2008
w14623 Josh Lerner
Morten Sørensen
Per Strömberg

Private Equity and Long-Run Investment: The Case of Innovation
w14548 Charles R. Hulten
Xiaohui Hao

What is a Company Really Worth? Intangible Capital and the "Market to Book Value" Puzzle
w14577 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Jialan Wang

Superstar Extinction
w14577 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Jialan Wang

Superstar Extinction
w14592 Ajay Agrawal
Devesh Kapur
John McHale

Brain Drain or Brain Bank? The Impact of Skilled Emigration on Poor-Country Innovation
w14592 Ajay Agrawal
Devesh Kapur
John McHale

Brain Drain or Brain Bank? The Impact of Skilled Emigration on Poor-Country Innovation
w14594 Bronwyn H. Hall
Francesca Lotti
Jacques Mairesse

Innovation and Productivity in SMEs: Empirical Evidence for Italy
w14594 Bronwyn H. Hall
Francesca Lotti
Jacques Mairesse

Innovation and Productivity in SMEs: Empirical Evidence for Italy
w14552 Jacques Mairesse
Benoit Mulkay

An Exploration of Local R&D Spillovers in France
w14552 Jacques Mairesse
Benoit Mulkay

An Exploration of Local R&D Spillovers in France
w14553 Harald Uhlig
The Slow Decline of East Germany
w14575 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The NBER-Rensselaer Scientific Papers Database: Form, Nature, and Function
w14484 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Ahmed S. Rahman
Alan M. Taylor

Luddites and the Demographic Transition
w14484 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Ahmed S. Rahman
Alan M. Taylor

Luddites and the Demographic Transition
w14457 Emmanuel Farhi
Josh Lerner
Jean Tirole

Fear of Rejection? Tiered Certification and Transparency
w14457 Emmanuel Farhi
Josh Lerner
Jean Tirole

Fear of Rejection? Tiered Certification and Transparency
w14443 Henry Sauermann
Wesley M. Cohen

What Makes Them Tick? Employee Motives and Firm Innovation
w14443 Henry Sauermann
Wesley M. Cohen

What Makes Them Tick? Employee Motives and Firm Innovation
w14443 Henry Sauermann
Wesley M. Cohen

What Makes Them Tick? Employee Motives and Firm Innovation
w14443 Henry Sauermann
Wesley M. Cohen

What Makes Them Tick? Employee Motives and Firm Innovation
w14407 Edward L. Glaeser
William R. Kerr

Local Industrial Conditions and Entrepreneurship: How Much of the Spatial Distribution Can We Explain?
w14408 Daron Acemoglu
Kostas Bimpikis
Asuman Ozdaglar

Experimentation, Patents, and Innovation
w14312 Jennifer Hunt
Marjolaine Gauthier-Loiselle

How Much Does Immigration Boost Innovation?
w14324 Josh Lerner
The Litigation of Financial Innovations
w14286 Mary Lovely
David Popp

Trade, Technology, and the Environment: Why Have Poor Countries Regulated Sooner?
w14216 Rupert Harrison
Jordi Jaumandreu
Jacques Mairesse
Bettina Peters

Does Innovation Stimulate Employment? A Firm-Level Analysis Using Comparable Micro-Data from Four European Countries
w14216 Rupert Harrison
Jordi Jaumandreu
Jacques Mairesse
Bettina Peters

Does Innovation Stimulate Employment? A Firm-Level Analysis Using Comparable Micro-Data from Four European Countries
w14226 Emmanuel Dechenaux
Jerry Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

Inventor Moral Hazard in University Licensing: The Role of Contracts
w14142 Alan L. Olmstead
Paul W. Rhode

Biological Innovation and Productivity Growth in the Antebellum Cotton Economy
w14079 Ram C. Acharya
Wolfgang Keller

Estimating the Productivity Selection and Technology Spillover Effects of Imports
w14079 Ram C. Acharya
Wolfgang Keller

Estimating the Productivity Selection and Technology Spillover Effects of Imports
w14057 Albert N. Link
Christopher J. Ruhm

Bringing Science to Market: Commercializing from NIH SBIR Awards
w14069 David T. Coe
Elhanan Helpman
Alexander W. Hoffmaister

International R&D Spillovers and Institutions
w14043 Shih-tse Lo
Dhanoos Sutthiphisal

Crossover Inventions And Knowledge Diffusion Of General Purpose Technologies? Evidence From The Electrical Technology
w14029 James A. Brander
Edward Egan
Thomas F. Hellmann

Government Sponsored versus Private Venture Capital: Canadian Evidence
w14008 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Have Newer Cardiovascular Drugs Reduced Hospitalization? Evidence From Longitudinal Country-Level Data on 20 OECD Countries, 1995-2003
w14009 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Gautier Duflos

Pharmaceutical innovation and the longevity of Australians: a first look
w13938 Carlos J. Serrano
The Dynamics of the Transfer and Renewal of Patents
w13930 Gary Richardson
Brand Names Before the Industrial Revolution
w13913 Wolfgang Keller
Carol H. Shiue

Institutions, Technology, and Trade
w13857 Margaret E. Blume-Kohout
Neeraj Sood

The Impact of Medicare Part D on Pharmaceutical R&D
w13862 Jay Bhattacharya
Mikko Packalen

Is Medicine an Ivory Tower? Induced Innovation, Technological Opportunity, and For-Profit vs. Non-Profit Innovation
w13863 Jay Bhattacharya
Mikko Packalen

The Other Ex-Ante Moral Hazard in Health
w13835 Bronwyn H. Hall
Alessandro Maffioli

Evaluating the Impact of Technology Development Funds in Emerging Economies: Evidence from Latin America
w13835 Bronwyn H. Hall
Alessandro Maffioli

Evaluating the Impact of Technology Development Funds in Emerging Economies: Evidence from Latin America
w13823 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The Origins of Industrial Scientific Discoveries
w13823 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The Origins of Industrial Scientific Discoveries
w13760 Nick Johnstone
Ivan Hascic
David Popp

Renewable Energy Policies And Technological Innovation: Evidence Based On Patent Counts
w13760 Nick Johnstone
Ivan Hascic
David Popp

Renewable Energy Policies And Technological Innovation: Evidence Based On Patent Counts
2007
w13705 Luis Garicano
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Organizing Growth
w13644 Iain M. Cockburn
Megan MacGarvie

Patents, Thickets, and the Financing of Early-Stage Firms: Evidence from the Software Industry
w13618 Hongbin Cai
Yasuyuki Todo
Li-An Zhou

Do Multinationals' R&D Activities Stimulate Indigenous Entrepreneurship? Evidence from China's "Silicon Valley"
w13621 Manuel F. Bagues
Mauro Sylos Labini

Do On-Line Labor Market Intermediaries Matter? The Impact of AlmaLaurea on the University-to-Work Transition
w13632 Timothy S. Simcoe
Stuart J.H. Graham
Maryann Feldman

Competing on Standards? Entrepreneurship, Intellectual Property and the Platform Paradox
w13636 Marco Da Rin
María Fabiana Penas

The Effect of Venture Capital on Innovation Strategies
w13636 Marco Da Rin
María Fabiana Penas

The Effect of Venture Capital on Innovation Strategies
w13592 Jeremy Greenwood
Karen A. Kopecky

Measuring the Welfare Gain from Personal Computers: A Macroeconomic Approach
w13547 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Star Scientists, Innovation and Regional and National Immigration
w13560 Thomas Philippon
Financiers vs. Engineers: Should the Financial Sector be Taxed or Subsidized?
w13519 Brian Jacob
Lars Lefgren

The Impact of Research Grant Funding on Scientific Productivity
w13519 Brian Jacob
Lars Lefgren

The Impact of Research Grant Funding on Scientific Productivity
w13498 Sandra G. Sosa-Rubi
Omar Galarraga
Jeffrey E. Harris

Heterogeneous Impact of the "Seguro Popular" Program on the Utilization of Obstetrical Services in Mexico, 2001-2006: A Multinomial Probit Model with a Discrete Endogenous Variable
w13500 Paul Beaudry
Patrick Francois

The Economics of Inefficient Technology Use
w13515 Ellen McGrattan
Edward C. Prescott

Openness, Technology Capital, and Development
w13459 John M. de Figueiredo
Brian S. Silverman

How Does the Government (Want to) Fund Science? Politics, Lobbying and Academic Earmarks
w13470 Lee Branstetter
C. Fritz Foley

Facts and Fallacies about U.S. FDI in China
w13473 Bronwyn H. Hall
Measuring the Returns to R&D: The Depreciation Problem
w13426 Bronwyn H. Hall
Grid Thoma
Salvatore Torrisi

The market value of patents and R&D: Evidence from European firms
w13426 Bronwyn H. Hall
Grid Thoma
Salvatore Torrisi

The market value of patents and R&D: Evidence from European firms
w13439 David Popp
Tamara Hafner
Nick Johnstone

Policy vs. Consumer Pressure: Innovation and Diffusion of Alternative Bleaching Technologies in the Pulp Industry
w13439 David Popp
Tamara Hafner
Nick Johnstone

Policy vs. Consumer Pressure: Innovation and Diffusion of Alternative Bleaching Technologies in the Pulp Industry
w13351 Giulia Faggio
Kjell Salvanes
John Van Reenen

The Evolution of Inequality in Productivity and Wages: Panel Data Evidence
w13322 Mary Benner
Joel Waldfogel

Close to You? Bias and Precision in Patent-Based Measures of Technological Proximity
w13326 Andrew Atkeson
Ariel Burstein

Innovation, firm dynamics, and international trade
w13338 Rachel Griffith
Sokbae Lee
John Van Reenen

Is Distance Dying at Last? Falling Home Bias in Fixed Effects Models of Patent Citations
w13338 Rachel Griffith
Sokbae Lee
John Van Reenen

Is Distance Dying at Last? Falling Home Bias in Fixed Effects Models of Patent Citations
w13296 Bronwyn H. Hall
Francesca Lotti
Jacques Mairesse

Employment, Innovation, and Productivity: Evidence from Italian Microdata
w13302 Klaus Desmet
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Spatial Growth and Industry Age
w13305 Robert Jensen
Emily Oster

The Power of TV: Cable Television and Women's Status in India
w13294 Petra Moser
Why Don't Inventors Patent?
w13294 Petra Moser
Why Don't Inventors Patent?
w13294 Petra Moser
Why Don't Inventors Patent?
w13294 Petra Moser
Why Don't Inventors Patent?
w13272 Glenn Ellison
Is Peer Review in Decline?
w13256 Jerry Thursby
Anne Fuller
Marie Thursby

US Faculty Patenting: Inside and Outside the University
w13256 Jerry Thursby
Anne Fuller
Marie Thursby

US Faculty Patenting: Inside and Outside the University
w13256 Jerry Thursby
Anne Fuller
Marie Thursby

US Faculty Patenting: Inside and Outside the University
w13232 Sharon Novak
Scott Stern

Complementarity Among Vertical Integration Decisions: Evidence from Automobile Product Development
w13234 Joshua S. Gans
David H. Hsu
Scott Stern

The Impact of Uncertain Intellectual Property Rights on the Market For Ideas: Evidence From Patent Grant Delays
w13234 Joshua S. Gans
David H. Hsu
Scott Stern

The Impact of Uncertain Intellectual Property Rights on the Market For Ideas: Evidence From Patent Grant Delays
w13235 Sharon Novak
Scott Stern

How Does Outsourcing Affect Performance Dynamics? Evidence from the Automobile Industry
w13179 Stefania Albanesi
Claudia Olivetti

Gender Roles and Technological Progress
w13171 Randall Morck
Masao Nakamura

Business Groups and the Big Push: Meiji Japan's Mass Privatization and Subsequent Growth
w13172 Sinan Aral
Erik Brynjolfsson
Marshall Van Alstyne

Information, Technology and Information Worker Productivity: Task Level Evidence
w13146 Iain M. Cockburn
Stefan Wagner

Patents and the Survival of Internet-related IPOs
w13153 Deepak Hegde
David C. Mowery
Stuart Graham

Pioneers, Submariners, or Thicket-builders: Which Firms Use Continuations in Patenting?
w13153 Deepak Hegde
David C. Mowery
Stuart Graham

Pioneers, Submariners, or Thicket-builders: Which Firms Use Continuations in Patenting?
w13153 Deepak Hegde
David C. Mowery
Stuart Graham

Pioneers, Submariners, or Thicket-builders: Which Firms Use Continuations in Patenting?
w13153 Deepak Hegde
David C. Mowery
Stuart Graham

Pioneers, Submariners, or Thicket-builders: Which Firms Use Continuations in Patenting?
w13156 Lisa M. Lynch
The Adoption and Diffusion of Organizational Innovation: Evidence for the U.S. Economy
w13158 Shane Greenstein
Economic Experiments and Neutrality in Internet Access
w13162 Lena Edlund
Wojciech Kopczuk

Women, Wealth and Mobility
w13141 Carl Shapiro
Patent Reform: Aligning Reward and Contribution
w13141 Carl Shapiro
Patent Reform: Aligning Reward and Contribution
w13141 Carl Shapiro
Patent Reform: Aligning Reward and Contribution
w13141 Carl Shapiro
Patent Reform: Aligning Reward and Contribution
w13141 Carl Shapiro
Patent Reform: Aligning Reward and Contribution
w13085 Nicholas Bloom
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

Americans Do I.T. Better: US Multinationals and the Productivity Miracle
w13086 Ram C. Acharya
Wolfgang Keller

Technology Transfer through Imports
w13060 Nicholas Bloom
Mark Schankerman
John Van Reenen

Identifying Technology Spillovers and Product Market Rivalry
w13060 Nicholas Bloom
Mark Schankerman
John Van Reenen

Identifying Technology Spillovers and Product Market Rivalry
w13060 Nicholas Bloom
Mark Schankerman
John Van Reenen

Identifying Technology Spillovers and Product Market Rivalry
w13053 William A. Pizer
David Popp

Endogenizing Technological Change: Matching Empirical Evidence to Modeling Needs
w13057 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Ahmed S. Rahman
Alan M. Taylor

Trade, Knowledge, and the Industrial Revolution
w13057 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Ahmed S. Rahman
Alan M. Taylor

Trade, Knowledge, and the Industrial Revolution
w13033 Lee Branstetter
Raymond Fisman
C. Fritz Foley
Kamal Saggi

Intellectual Property Rights, Imitation, and Foreign Direct Investment: Theory and Evidence
w13033 Lee Branstetter
Raymond Fisman
C. Fritz Foley
Kamal Saggi

Intellectual Property Rights, Imitation, and Foreign Direct Investment: Theory and Evidence
w13043 John M. Abowd
John Haltiwanger
Julia Lane
Kevin L. McKinney
Kristin Sandusky

Technology and the Demand for Skill:An Analysis of Within and Between Firm Differences
w13011 Hyunbae Chun
Jung-Wook Kim
Randall Morck
Bernard Yeung

Creative Destruction and Firm-Specific Performance Heterogeneity
w12984 Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

The Race between Education and Technology: The Evolution of U.S. Educational Wage Differentials, 1890 to 2005
w12900 Sukkoo Kim
Immigration, Industrial Revolution and Urban Growth in the United States, 1820-1920: Factor Endowments, Technology and Geography
w12886 Diego Comin
Bart Hobijn

Implementing Technology
w12841 Nicholas Bloom
Uncertainty and the Dynamics of R&D
w12823 Ajay Agrawal
Devesh Kapur
John McHale

Birds of a Feather - Better Together? Exploring the Optimal Spatial Distribution of Ethnic Inventors
w12829 Sean M. Dougherty
Robert Inklaar
Robert H. McGuckin
Bart van Ark

International Comparisons of R&D Expenditure: Does an R&D PPP Make a Difference?
2006
w12812 Ajay K. Agrawal
Avi Goldfarb

Restructuring Research: Communication Costs and the Democratization of University Innovation
w12775 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit

State-Dependent Intellectual Property Rights Policy
w12775 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit

State-Dependent Intellectual Property Rights Policy
w12722 Rachel Griffith
Elena Huergo
Jacques Mairesse
Bettina Peters

Innovation and Productivity across Four European Countries
w12722 Rachel Griffith
Elena Huergo
Jacques Mairesse
Bettina Peters

Innovation and Productivity across Four European Countries
w12692 Jinyoung Kim
Sangjoon John Lee
Gerald Marschke

International Knowledge Flows: Evidence from an Inventor-Firm Matched Data Set
w12692 Jinyoung Kim
Sangjoon John Lee
Gerald Marschke

International Knowledge Flows: Evidence from an Inventor-Firm Matched Data Set
w12694 Markus Mobius
Raphael Schoenle

The Evolution of Work
w12694 Markus Mobius
Raphael Schoenle

The Evolution of Work
w12700 Cyrus C. M. Mody
Instruments of Commerce and Knowledge: Probe Microscopy, 1980-2000
w12700 Cyrus C. M. Mody
Instruments of Commerce and Knowledge: Probe Microscopy, 1980-2000
w12700 Cyrus C. M. Mody
Instruments of Commerce and Knowledge: Probe Microscopy, 1980-2000
w12677 Diego A. Comin
Bart Hobijn
Emilie Rovito

World Technology Usage Lags
w12676 Joseph H. Golec
John A. Vernon

European Pharmaceutical Price Regulation, Firm Profitability, and R&D Spending
w12683 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The Growing Allocative Inefficiency of the U.S. Higher Education Sector
w12669 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Jonathan Furner
Robert C. Liu
Hongyan Ma

Minerva Unbound: Knowledge Stocks, Knowledge Flows and New Knowledge Production
w12669 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Jonathan Furner
Robert C. Liu
Hongyan Ma

Minerva Unbound: Knowledge Stocks, Knowledge Flows and New Knowledge Production
w12657 Diego Comin
William Easterly
Erick Gong

Was the Wealth of Nations Determined in 1000 B.C.?
w12640 Carlos Rosell
Ajay Agrawal

University Patenting: Estimating the Diminishing Breadth of Knowledge Diffusion and Consumption
w12640 Carlos Rosell
Ajay Agrawal

University Patenting: Estimating the Diminishing Breadth of Knowledge Diffusion and Consumption
w12577 Darius Lakdawalla
Tomas Philipson
Y. Richard Wang

Intellectual Property and Marketing
w12581 Alberto Alesina
Joseph Zeira

Technology and Labor Regulations
w12563 Iain M. Cockburn
Megan J. MacGarvie

Entry and Patenting in the Software Industry
w12539 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Importation and Innovation
w12521 Paul Beaudry
Mark Doms
Ethan Lewis

Endogenous Skill Bias in Technology Adoption: City-Level Evidence from the IT Revolution
w12523 Jeffrey L. Furman
Scott Stern

Climbing Atop the Shoulders of Giants: The Impact of Institutions on Cumulative Research
w12523 Jeffrey L. Furman
Scott Stern

Climbing Atop the Shoulders of Giants: The Impact of Institutions on Cumulative Research
w12526 E. Han Kim
Adair Morse
Luigi Zingales

What Has Mattered to Economics Since 1970
w12509 Jeffrey L. Furman
Margaret K. Kyle
Iain M. Cockburn
Rebecca Henderson

Public & Private Spillovers, Location and the Productivity of Pharmaceutical Research
w12479 Manuel Trajtenberg
Gil Shiff
Ran Melamed

The "Names Game": Harnessing Inventors' Patent Data for Economic Research
w12479 Manuel Trajtenberg
Gil Shiff
Ran Melamed

The "Names Game": Harnessing Inventors' Patent Data for Economic Research
w12475 Daron Acemoglu
Veronica Guerrieri

Capital Deepening and Non-Balanced Economic Growth
w12459 James D. Adams
Roger Clemmons

Science and Industry: Tracing the Flow of Basic Research through Manufacturing and Trade
w12469 Dhanoos Sutthiphisal
Learning-by-Producing and the Geographic Links Between Invention and Production: Experience From the Second Industrial Revolution
w12423 Gene M. Grossman
Edwin C.-L. Lai

Parallel Imports and Price Controls
w12406 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Impact of Increased Utilization of HIV Drugs on Longevity and Medical Expenditures: An Assessment Based on Aggregate U.S. Time-Series Data
w12382 Menzie D. Chinn
Robert W. Fairlie

ICT Use in the Developing World: An Analysis of Differences in Computer and Internet Penetration
w12385 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Innovation, Diffusion, and Trade
w12318 James Heckman
Contributions of Zvi Griliches
w12320 Bronwyn H. Hall
Jacques Mairesse

Empirical Studies of Innovation in the Knowledge Driven Economy
w12314 Diego Comin
Bart Hobiijn

An Exploration of Technology Diffusion
w12275 Philippe Aghion
Diego Comin
Peter Howitt

When Does Domestic Saving Matter for Economic Growth?
w12280 Pierre Mohnen
Jacques Mairesse
Marcel Dagenais

Innovativity: A Comparison Across Seven European Countries
w12280 Pierre Mohnen
Jacques Mairesse
Marcel Dagenais

Innovativity: A Comparison Across Seven European Countries
w12254 Daron Acemoglu
Amy Finkelstein

Input and Technology Choices in Regulated Industries: Evidence From the Health Care Sector
w12254 Daron Acemoglu
Amy Finkelstein

Input and Technology Choices in Regulated Industries: Evidence From the Health Care Sector
w12245 E. Han Kim
Adair Morse
Luigi Zingales

Are Elite Universities Losing Their Competitive Edge?
w12216 Nick Bloom
John Van Reenen

Measuring and Explaining Management Practices Across Firms and Countries
w12216 Nick Bloom
John Van Reenen

Measuring and Explaining Management Practices Across Firms and Countries
w12218 William D. Nordhaus
Baumol's Diseases: A Macroeconomic Perspective
w12226 Joshua Aizenman
Ilan Noy

Prizes for Basic Research -- Human Capital, Economic Might and the Shadow of History
w12195 Bronwyn H. Hall
Megan MacGarvie

The Private Value of Software Patents
w12206 Daron Acemoglu
Philippe Aghion
Claire Lelarge
John Van Reenen
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Technology, Information and the Decentralization of the Firm
w12206 Daron Acemoglu
Philippe Aghion
Claire Lelarge
John Van Reenen
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Technology, Information and the Decentralization of the Firm
w12206 Daron Acemoglu
Philippe Aghion
Claire Lelarge
John Van Reenen
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Technology, Information and the Decentralization of the Firm
w12182 Shane Greenstein
Jeff Prince

The Diffusion of the Internet and the Geography of the Digital Divide in the United States
w12172 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Movement of Star Scientists and Engineers and High-Tech Firm Entry
w12119 David Popp
Exploring Links Between Innovation and Diffusion: Adoption of NOx Control Technologies at U.S. Coal-Fired Power Plants
w12119 David Popp
Exploring Links Between Innovation and Diffusion: Adoption of NOx Control Technologies at U.S. Coal-Fired Power Plants
w12120 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Impact of New Laboratory Procedures and Other Medical Innovations on the Health of Americans, 1990-2003: Evidence from Longitudinal, Disease-Level Data
w12096 Genia Long
David Cutler
Ernst R. Berndt
Jimmy Royer
Andrée-Anne Fournier
Alicia Sasser
Pierre Cremieux

The Impact of Antihypertensive Drugs on the Number and Risk of Death, Stroke and Myocardial Infarction in the United States
w12094 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker

Innovation, Competition and Welfare-Enhancing Monopoly
w12080 Alan M. Garber
Charles I. Jones
Paul M. Romer

Insurance and Incentives for Medical Innovation
w12039 Pierre Azoulay
Andrew Stellman
Joshua Graff Zivin

PublicationHarvester: An Open-Source Software Tool for Science Policy Research
w11986 David H. Autor
Lawrence F. Katz
Melissa S. Kearney

The Polarization of the U.S. Labor Market
w11997 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons
Paula E. Stephan

How Rapidly Does Science Leak Out?
w11944 Josh Lerner
Julie Wulf

Innovation and Incentives: Evidence from Corporate R&D
w11949 Daron Acemoglu
David Cutler
Amy Finkelstein
Joshua Linn

Did Medicare Induce Pharmaceutical Innovation?
w11949 Daron Acemoglu
David Cutler
Amy Finkelstein
Joshua Linn

Did Medicare Induce Pharmaceutical Innovation?
w11928 Diego Comin
Bart Hobijn
Emilie Rovito

Five Facts You Need to Know About Technology Diffusion
w11917 Pierre Azoulay
Waverly Ding
Toby Stuart

The Impact of Academic Patenting on the Rate, Quality, and Direction of (Public) Research Output
w11917 Pierre Azoulay
Waverly Ding
Toby Stuart

The Impact of Academic Patenting on the Rate, Quality, and Direction of (Public) Research Output
w11917 Pierre Azoulay
Waverly Ding
Toby Stuart

The Impact of Academic Patenting on the Rate, Quality, and Direction of (Public) Research Output
2005
w11845 Daron Acemoglu
Equilibrium Bias of Technology
w11845 Daron Acemoglu
Equilibrium Bias of Technology
w11845 Daron Acemoglu
Equilibrium Bias of Technology
w11799 Bruce A. Weinberg
David W. Galenson

Creative Careers: The Life Cycles of Nobel Laureates in Economics
w11773 Ann P. Bartel
Casey Ichniowski
Kathryn L. Shaw

How Does Information Technology Really Affect Productivity? Plant-Level Comparisons of Product Innovation, Process Improvement and Worker Skills
w11739 Bronwyn H. Hall
Jacques Mairesse
Laure Turner

Identifying Age, Cohort and Period Effects in Scientific Research Productivity: Discussion and Illustration Using Simulated and Actual Data on French Physicists
w11710 Bruce Fallick
Charles A. Fleischmann
James B. Rebitzer

Job Hopping in Silicon Valley: Some Evidence Concerning the Micro-Foundations of a High Technology Cluster
w11676 Julie Holland Mortimer
Price Discrimination, Copyright Law, and Technological Innovation: Evidence from the Introduction of DVDs
w11642 Chris Forman
Avi Goldfarb
Shane Greenstein

Technology Adoption In and Out of Major Urban Areas: When Do Internal Firm Resources Matter Most?
w11627 David H. Autor
Lawrence F. Katz
Melissa S. Kearney

Trends in U.S. Wage Inequality: Re-Assessing the Revisionists
w11628 David H. Autor
Lawrence F. Katz
Melissa S. Kearney

Rising Wage Inequality: The Role of Composition and Prices
w11629 Jeremy Greenwood
Guillaume Vandenbroucke

Hours Worked: Long-Run Trends
w11602 Darius Lakdawalla
Neeraj Sood

Insurance and Innovation in Health Care Markets
w11561 Lee Branstetter
Yoshiaki Ogura

Is Academic Science Driving a Surge in Industrial Innovation? Evidence from Patent Citations
w11561 Lee Branstetter
Yoshiaki Ogura

Is Academic Science Driving a Surge in Industrial Innovation? Evidence from Patent Citations
w11557 Ernst R. Berndt
Alisa B. Busch
Richard G. Frank
Sharon-Lise Normand

Real Output in Mental Health Care During the 1990s
w11532 Yooki Park
Suzanne Scotchmer

Digital Rights Management and the Pricing of Digital Products
w11540 Yosuke Okada
Competition and Productivity in Japanese Manufacturing Industries
w11542 Philippe Aghion
Mathias Dewatripont
Jeremy C. Stein

Academic Freedom, Private-Sector Focus, and the Process of Innovation
w11546 Rasmus Lentz
Dale T. Mortensen

An Empirical Model of Growth Through Product Innovation
w11497 Marie Thursby
Jerry Thursby
Swasti Gupta-Mukherjee

Are There Real Effects of Licensing on Academic Research? A Life Cycle View
w11516 Lee Branstetter
Raymond Fisman
C. Fritz Foley

Do Stronger Intellectual Property Rights Increase International Technology Transfer? Empirical Evidence from U.S. Firm-Level Data
w11516 Lee Branstetter
Raymond Fisman
C. Fritz Foley

Do Stronger Intellectual Property Rights Increase International Technology Transfer? Empirical Evidence from U.S. Firm-Level Data
w11524 Laura Bottazzi
Giovanni Peri

The International Dynamics of R&D and Innovation in the Short and in the Long Run
w11525 Ilya Segal
Michael Whinston

Antitrust in Innovative Industries
w11475 Celestine Chukumba
Richard Jensen

University Invention, Entrepreneurship, and Start-Ups
w11475 Celestine Chukumba
Richard Jensen

University Invention, Entrepreneurship, and Start-Ups
w11479 Chiara Criscuolo
Jonathan E. Haskel
Matthew J. Slaughter

Global Engagement and the Innovation Activities of Firms
w11447 Jinyoung Kim
Sangjoon John Lee
Gerald Marschke

The Influence of University Research on Industrial Innovation
w11447 Jinyoung Kim
Sangjoon John Lee
Gerald Marschke

The Influence of University Research on Industrial Innovation
w11450 Andrew A. Toole
Dirk Czarnitzki

Biomedical Academic Entrepreneurship Through the SBIR Program
w11450 Andrew A. Toole
Dirk Czarnitzki

Biomedical Academic Entrepreneurship Through the SBIR Program
w11451 Paul Beaudry
Patrick Francois

Managerial Skill Acquisition and the Theory of Economic Development
w11460 Thomas Hellmann
The Role of Patents for Bridging the Science to Market Gap
w11460 Thomas Hellmann
The Role of Patents for Bridging the Science to Market Gap
w11465 Fiona Murray
Scott Stern

Do Formal Intellectual Property Rights Hinder the Free Flow of Scientific Knowledge? An Empirical Test of the Anti-Commons Hypothesis
w11465 Fiona Murray
Scott Stern

Do Formal Intellectual Property Rights Hinder the Free Flow of Scientific Knowledge? An Empirical Test of the Anti-Commons Hypothesis
w11465 Fiona Murray
Scott Stern

Do Formal Intellectual Property Rights Hinder the Free Flow of Scientific Knowledge? An Empirical Test of the Anti-Commons Hypothesis
w11470 Megan MacGarvie
Jeffrey L. Furman

Early Academis Science and the Birth of Industrial Research Laboratories in the U.S. Pharmaceutical Industry
w11415 David Popp
They Don't Invent Them Like They Used To: An Examination of Energy Patent Citations Over Time
w11415 David Popp
They Don't Invent Them Like They Used To: An Examination of Energy Patent Citations Over Time
w11388 Diego Comin
Thomas Philippon

The Rise in Firm-Level Volatility: Causes and Consequences
w11348 Pierre Azoulay
Waverly Ding
Toby Stuart

The Determinants of Faculty Patenting Behavior: Demographics or Opportunities?
w11348 Pierre Azoulay
Waverly Ding
Toby Stuart

The Determinants of Faculty Patenting Behavior: Demographics or Opportunities?
w11348 Pierre Azoulay
Waverly Ding
Toby Stuart

The Determinants of Faculty Patenting Behavior: Demographics or Opportunities?
w11349 Philippe Aghion
George-Marios Angeletos
Abhijit Banerjee
Kalina Manova

Volatility and Growth: Credit Constraints and Productivity-Enhancing Investment
w11356 Daron Acemoglu
Pol Antràs
Elhanan Helpman

Contracts and the Division of Labor
w11359 Benjamin F. Jones
Age and Great Invention
w11360 Benjamin F. Jones
The Burden of Knowledge and the 'Death of the Renaissance Man': Is Innovation Getting Harder?
w11292 Josh Lerner
Ulrike Malmendier

Contractibility and the Design of Research Agreements
w11288 Ernst R. Berndt
Rachel Glennerster
Michael R. Kremer
Jean Lee
Ruth Levine
Georg Weizsacker
Heidi Williams

Advanced Purchase Commitments for a Malaria Vaccine: Estimating Costs and Effectiveness
w11288 Ernst R. Berndt
Rachel Glennerster
Michael R. Kremer
Jean Lee
Ruth Levine
Georg Weizsacker
Heidi Williams

Advanced Purchase Commitments for a Malaria Vaccine: Estimating Costs and Effectiveness
w11282 Marie Connolly
Alan B. Krueger

Rockonomics: The Economics of Popular Music
w11251 Jonathan Skinner
Douglas Staiger

Technology Adoption From Hybrid Corn to Beta Blockers
w11229 Joseph Golec
Shantaram Hegde
John A. Vernon

Pharmaceutical Stock Price Reactions to Price Constraint Threats and Firm-Level R&D Spending
w11181 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Socio-economic Impact of Nanoscale Science: Initial Results and NanoBank
w11164 Neeraj Sood
Abby Alpert
Jay Bhattacharya

Technology, Monopoly, and the Decline of the Viatical Settlements Industry
w11168 Josh Lerner
Feng Zhu

What is the Impact of Software Patent Shifts?: Evidence from Lotus v. Borland
w11172 Jacques Mairesse
Laure Turner

Measurement and Explanation of the Intensity of Co-publication in Scientific Research: An Analysis at the Laboratory Level
w11156 Benjamin Chiao
Josh Lerner
Jean Tirole

The Rules of Standard Setting Organizations: An Empirical Analysis
w11158 Ann Bartel
Saul Lach
Nachum Sicherman

Outsourcing and Technological Change
w11120 Alfonso Gambardella
Bronwyn H. Hall

Proprietary vs. Public Domain Licensing of Software and Research Products
w11120 Alfonso Gambardella
Bronwyn H. Hall

Proprietary vs. Public Domain Licensing of Software and Research Products
w11128 Marie Thursby
Jerry Thursby
Emmanuel Dechenaux

Shirking, Sharing Risk, and Shelving: The Role of University License Contracts
w11093 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

General Purpose Technologies
w11022 Diego Comin
Bart Hobijn

Lobbies and Technology Diffusion
2004
w11009 Peter J. Klenow
Andres Rodriguez-Clare

Externalities and Growth
w10966 B. Zorina Khan
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

Institutions and Technological Innovation During the Early Economic Growth: Evidence from the Great Inventors of the United States, 1790-1930
w10966 B. Zorina Khan
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

Institutions and Technological Innovation During the Early Economic Growth: Evidence from the Great Inventors of the United States, 1790-1930
w10956 Josh Lerner
Jean Tirole

The Economics of Technology Sharing: Open Source and Beyond
w10933 Ilan Guedj
David Scharfstein

Organizational Scope and Investment: Evidence from the Drug Development Strategies and Performance of Biopharmaceutical Firms
w10933 Ilan Guedj
David Scharfstein

Organizational Scope and Investment: Evidence from the Drug Development Strategies and Performance of Biopharmaceutical Firms
w10937 Hyunbae Chun
Jung-Wook Kim
Jason Lee
Randall Morck

Patterns of Comovement: The Role of Information Technology in the U.S. Economy
w10923 Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Margaret Levenstein
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

Financing Invention During the Second Industrial Revolution: Cleveland, Ohio, 1870-1920
w10897 Jacques Mairesse
Pierre Mohnen

The Importance of R&D for Innovation: A Reassessment Using French Survey Data
w10897 Jacques Mairesse
Pierre Mohnen

The Importance of R&D for Innovation: A Reassessment Using French Survey Data
w10899 Kala Krishna
Cesar A. Perez

Unbalanced Growth
w10901 Bronwyn H. Hall
Manuel Trajtenberg

Uncovering GPTS with Patent Data
w10901 Bronwyn H. Hall
Manuel Trajtenberg

Uncovering GPTS with Patent Data
w10875 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons
Paula E. Stephan

Standing on Academic Shoulders: Measuring Scientific Influence in Universities
w10880 David Popp
R&D Subsidies and Climate Policy: Is There a "Free Lunch"?
w10880 David Popp
R&D Subsidies and Climate Policy: Is There a "Free Lunch"?
w10828 Francesco Caselli
Accounting for Cross-Country Income Differences
w10831 Michael J. Geske
Valerie A. Ramey
Matthew D. Shapiro

Why Do Computers Depreciate?
w10765 Jeremy Greenwood
Ananth Seshadri

Technological Progress and Economic Transformation
w10758 Richard A. Jensen
Marie C. Thursby

Patent Licensing and the Research University
w10741 Gadi Barlevy
On the Timing of Innovation in Stochastic Schumpeterian Growth Models
w10746 Paul D. Chwelos
Ernst R. Berndt
Iain M. Cockburn

Faster, Smaller, Cheaper: An Hedonic Price Analysis of PDAs
w10660 Robert J. Gordon
Five Puzzles in the Behavior of Productivity, Investment, and Innovation
w10686 Menzie D. Chinn
Robert Fairlie

The Determinants of the Global Digital Divide: A Cross-Country Analysis of Computer and Internet Penetration
w10640 James D. Adams
Scientific Teams and Institution Collaborations: Evidence from U.S. Universities, 1981-1999
w10643 David Popp
International Innovation and Diffusion of Air Pollution Control Technologies: The Effects of NOX and SO2 Regulation in the US, Japan, and Germany
w10643 David Popp
International Innovation and Diffusion of Air Pollution Control Technologies: The Effects of NOX and SO2 Regulation in the US, Japan, and Germany
w10605 Bronwyn H. Hall
Exploring the Patent Explosion
w10565 Paul Beaudry
Fabrice Collard

Globalization, Returns to Accumulationa and the World Distribution of Output
w10538 Asish Arora
Alfonso Gambardella

The Globalization of the Software Industry: Perspectives and Opportunities for Developed and Developing Countries
w10474 James D. Adams
Mircea Marcu

R&D Sourcing, Joint Ventures and Innovation: A Multiple Indicators Approach
w10474 James D. Adams
Mircea Marcu

R&D Sourcing, Joint Ventures and Innovation: A Multiple Indicators Approach
w10433 William D. Nordhaus
Schumpeterian Profits in the American Economy: Theory and Measurement
w10433 William D. Nordhaus
Schumpeterian Profits in the American Economy: Theory and Measurement
w10371 Roland Benabou
Inequality, Technology, and the Social Contract
w10346 B. Zorina Khan
Technological Innovations and Endogenous Changes in U.S. Legal Institutions, 1790-1920
w10285 David Popp
ENTICE-BR: The Effects of Backstop Technology R&D on Climate Policy Models
w10258 Kristian R. Miltersen
Eduardo S. Schwartz

R&D Investments with Competitive Interactions
w10212 Bronwyn H. Hall
Innovation and Diffusion
w10223 Josh Lerner
The New New Financial Thing: The Sources of Innovation Before and After State Street
2003
w10159 Shubham Chaudhuri
Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Panle Jia

Estimating the Effects of Global Patent Protection in Pharmaceuticals: A Case Study of Quinolones in India
w10169 Meng-Chun Liu
Shin-Horng Chen

International R&D Deployment and Locational Advantage: A Case Study of Taiwan
w10116 John H. Cochrane
Francis A. Longstaff
Pedro Santa-Clara

Two Trees: Asset Price Dynamics Induced by Market Clearing
w10065 Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Revisiting Some Productivity Debates
w10041 Jason C. Hsu
Eduardo S. Schwartz

A Model of R&D Valuation and the Design of Research Incentives
w10038 Daron Acemoglu
Joshua Linn

Market Size in Innovation: Theory and Evidence From the Pharmaceutical Industry
w10038 Daron Acemoglu
Joshua Linn

Market Size in Innovation: Theory and Evidence From the Pharmaceutical Industry
w10001 Dirk Krueger
Krishna B. Kumar

US-Europe Differences in Technology-Driven Growth: Quantifying the Role of Education
w10003 Diego Comin
Mark Gertler

Medium Term Business Cycles
w9991 Jerry G. Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

Are Faculty Critical? Their Role in University-Industry Licensing
w9950 Ajay Agrawal
Iain Cockburn
John McHale

Gone But Not Forgotten: Labor Flows, Knowledge Spillovers, and Enduring Social Capital
w9903 Stephen M. Maurer
Suzanne Scotchmer

Procuring Knowledge
w9903 Stephen M. Maurer
Suzanne Scotchmer

Procuring Knowledge
w9909 Petra Moser
How Do Patent Laws Influence Innovation? Evidence from Nineteenth-Century World Fairs
w9900 Paul R. Bergin
Ivan Tchakarov

Does Exchange Rate Risk Matter for Welfare?
w9833 Michael Kremer
Christopher M. Snyder

Why Are Drugs More Profitable Than Vaccines?
w9825 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker

Grilichesian Breakthroughs: Inventions of Methods of Inventing and Firm Entry in Nanotechnology
w9780 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Measuring Success of Advanced Technology Program Participation Using Archival Data
w9780 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Measuring Success of Advanced Technology Program Participation Using Archival Data
w9762 David Popp
ENTICE: Endogenous Technological Change in the DICE Model of Global Warming
w9727 Saul Lach
Mark Schankerman

Incentives and Invention in Universities
w9727 Saul Lach
Mark Schankerman

Incentives and Invention in Universities
w9730 Bronwyn H. Hall
Beethika Khan

Adoption of New Technology
w9734 Richard A. Jensen
Jerry G. Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

The Disclosure and Licensing of University Inventions
w9734 Richard A. Jensen
Jerry G. Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

The Disclosure and Licensing of University Inventions
w9735 Emmanuel Dechenaux
Brent Goldfarb
Scott A. Shane
Marie C. Thursby

Appropriability and the timing of innovation: Evidence from MIT inventions
w9735 Emmanuel Dechenaux
Brent Goldfarb
Scott A. Shane
Marie C. Thursby

Appropriability and the timing of innovation: Evidence from MIT inventions
w9709 Steve Dowrick
Ideas and Education: Level or Growth Effects?
w9645 Colin Mayer
Koen Schoors
Yishay Yafeh

Sources of Funds and Investment Activities of Venture Capital Funds: Evidence from Germany, Israel, Japan and the UK
w9617 Haijime Katayama
Shihua Lu
James Tybout

Why Plant-Level Productivity Studies are Often Misleading, and an Alternative Approach to Interference
w9604 Rodolfo Manuelli
Ananth Seshadri

Frictionless Technology Diffusion: The Case of Tractors
w9518 David Popp
Ted Juhl
Daniel K.N. Johnson

Time in Purgatory: Determinants of the Grant Lag for U.S. Patent Applications
w9518 David Popp
Ted Juhl
Daniel K.N. Johnson

Time in Purgatory: Determinants of the Grant Lag for U.S. Patent Applications
w9463 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker
Andrew Wang

Universities, Joint Ventures, and Success in the Advanced Technology Program
w9463 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker
Andrew Wang

Universities, Joint Ventures, and Success in the Advanced Technology Program
w9446 David Cutler
Edward Glaeser
Jesse Shapiro

Why Have Americans Become More Obese?
w9431 Ashish Arora
Marco Ceccagnoli
Wesley M. Cohen

R&D and the Patent Premium
w9431 Ashish Arora
Marco Ceccagnoli
Wesley M. Cohen

R&D and the Patent Premium
w9437 Robert J. Gordon
Hi-tech Innovation and Productivity Growth: Does Supply Create Its Own Demand?
w9438 Lee Branstetter
Yoshiaki Nakamura

Is Japan's Innovative Capacity in Decline?
w9408 Dirk Krueger
Krishna B. Kumar

Skill-specific rather then General Education: A Reason for US-Europe Growth Differences?
2002
w9363 Josh Lerner
Jean Tirole

The Scope of Open Source Licensing
w9311 David M. Cutler
Robert S. Huckman

Technological Development and Medical Productivity: The Diffusion of Angioplasty in New York State
w9279 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

Mergers as Reallocation
w9267 Hyunbae Chun
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Decomposing Productivity Growth in the U.S. Computer Industry
w9229 James W. Hughes
Michael J. Moore
Edward A. Snyder

"Napsterizing" Pharmaceuticals: Access, Innovation, and Consumer Welfare
w9229 James W. Hughes
Michael J. Moore
Edward A. Snyder

"Napsterizing" Pharmaceuticals: Access, Innovation, and Consumer Welfare
w9240 Paul Beaudry
Fabrice Collard
David A. Green

Decomposing the Twin-peaks in the World Distribution of Output-per-worker
w9212 Ajay Agrawal
Iain M. Cockburn

University Research, Industrial R&D, and the Anchor Tenant Hypothesis
w9139 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Effect of Changes in Drug Utilization on Labor Supply and Per Capita Output
w9191 Daron Acemoglu
Philippe Aghion
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Vertical Integration and Distance to Frontier
w9121 Diego Puga
Daniel Trefler

Knowledge Creation and Control in Organizations
w9066 Daron Acemoglu
Philippe Aghion
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Distance to Frontier, Selection, and Economic Growth
w9066 Daron Acemoglu
Philippe Aghion
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Distance to Frontier, Selection, and Economic Growth
w9017 Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

Intermediaries in the U.S. Market for Technology, 1870-1920
w8977 Josh Lerner
Patent Protection and Innovation Over 150 Years
w8977 Josh Lerner
Patent Protection and Innovation Over 150 Years
w8980 Iain M. Cockburn
Samuel Kortum
Scott Stern

Are All Patent Examiners Equal? The Impact of Examiner Characteristics
w8954 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker

Going Public When You Can in Biotechnology
w8947 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker

Growing by Leaps and Inches: Creative Destruction, Real Cost Reduction, and Inching Up
w8894 Mary Hallward-Driemeier
Giuseppe Iarossi
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

Exports and Manufacturing Productivity in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis with Firm-Level Data
w8819 Tor Jakob Klette
Samuel Kortum

Innovating Firms and Aggregate Innovation
w8787 Paul Beaudry
David A. Green

Changes in U.S. Wages 1976-2000: Ongoing Skill Bias or Major Technological Change?
w8769 David Card
John E. DiNardo

Skill Biased Technological Change and Rising Wage Inequality: Some Problems and Puzzles
w8771 Robert J. Gordon
Technology and Economic Performance in the American Economy
w8773 Bronwyn H. Hall
The Financing of Research and Development
w8754 Paul Beaudry
Fabrice Collard

Why has the Employment-Productivity Tradeoff among Industrialized Countries been so strong?
w8755 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Sources of U.S. Longevity Increase, 1960-1997
w8762 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

Moore's Law and Learning-By-Doing
w8740 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

The Q-Theory of Mergers
w8743 Edward N. Wolff
Productivity, Computerization, and Skill Change
w8713 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Jaypee Sevilla

Technological Diffusion, Conditional Convergence, and Economic Growth
w8704 Gene Grossman
Edwin L.-C. Lai

International Protection of Intellectual Property
2001
w8677 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Effect of New Drugs on Mortality from Rare Diseases and HIV
w8656 Jean Olson Lanjouw
Mark Schankerman

Enforcing Intellectual Property Rights
w8667 Florian Zettelmeyer
Fiona Scott Morton
Jorge Silva-Risso

Cowboys or Cowards: Why are Internet Car Prices Lower?
w8593 David Popp
Pollution Control Innovations and the Clean Air Act of 1990
w8498 Bronwyn H. Hall
Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg

The NBER Patent Citation Data File: Lessons, Insights and Methodological Tools
w8499 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Jeff S. Armstrong

Commercializing Knowledge: University Science, Knowledge Capture, and Firm Performance in Biotechnology
w8528 Albert G.Z. Hu
Adam B. Jaffe

Patent Citations and International Knowledge Flow: The Cases of Korea and Taiwan
w8568 David C. Mowery
Arvids A. Ziedonis

The Geographic Reach of Market and Non-Market Channels of Technology Transfer: Comparing Citations and Licenses of University Patents
w8568 David C. Mowery
Arvids A. Ziedonis

The Geographic Reach of Market and Non-Market Channels of Technology Transfer: Comparing Citations and Licenses of University Patents
w8480 Wayne B. Gray
Ronald J. Shadbegian

Plant Vintage, Technology, and Environmental Regulation
w8374 Daniel K.N. Johnson
David Popp

Forced Out of the Closet: The Impact of the American Inventors Protection Act on the Timing of Patent Disclosure
w8374 Daniel K.N. Johnson
David Popp

Forced Out of the Closet: The Impact of the American Inventors Protection Act on the Timing of Patent Disclosure
w8337 David H. Autor
Frank Levy
Richard J. Murnane

The Skill Content of Recent Technological Change: An Empirical Exploration
w8284 David Popp
Induced Innovation and Energy Prices
w8292 James D. Adams
Comparative Localization of Academic and Industrial Spillovers
w8292 James D. Adams
Comparative Localization of Academic and Industrial Spillovers
w8149 Paul Beaudry
David Green

Population Growth, Technological Adoption and Economic Outcomes: A Theory of Cross-Country Differences for the Information Era
w8150 Wolfgang Keller
The Geography and Channels of Diffusion at the World's Technology Frontier
w8166 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

Vintage Organization Capital
w8168 Joseph P. Newhouse
Medical Care Price Indices: Problems and Opportunities / The Chung-Hua Lectures
w8130 Francesco Caselli
Wilbur John Coleman II

Cross-Country Technology Diffusion: The Case of Computers
w8081 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

Why Wait? A Century of Life Before IPO
w8095 William D. Nordhaus
Alternative Methods for Measuring Productivity Growth
w8096 William D. Nordhaus
Productivity Growth and the New Economy
w8097 William D. Nordhaus
New Data and Output Concepts for Understanding Productivity Trends
2000
w8023 Michael J. Boskin
Lawrence J. Lau

Generalized Solow-Neutral Technical Progress and Postwar Economic Growth
w8015 Lee Branstetter
Is Foreign Direct Investment a Channel of Knowledge Spillovers? Evidence from Japan's FDI in the United States
w7930 Manuel Trajtenberg
R&D Policy in Israel: An Overview and Reassessment
w7943 Saul Lach
Do R&D Subsidies Stimulate or Displace Private R&D? Evidence from Israel
w7943 Saul Lach
Do R&D Subsidies Stimulate or Displace Private R&D? Evidence from Israel
w7947 Alan L. Olmstead
Paul W. Rhode

The Diffusion of the Tractor in American Agriculture: 1910-60
w7959 David Autor
Wiring the Labor Market
w7972 Lee G. Branstetter
Mariko Sakakibara

When Do Research Consortia Work Well and Why? Evidence from Japanese Panel Data
w7972 Lee G. Branstetter
Mariko Sakakibara

When Do Research Consortia Work Well and Why? Evidence from Japanese Panel Data
w7876 Scott Stern
Michael E. Porter
Jeffrey L. Furman

The Determinants of National Innovative Capacity
w7876 Scott Stern
Michael E. Porter
Jeffrey L. Furman

The Determinants of National Innovative Capacity
w7877 Joshua S. Gans
Scott Stern

When Does Funding Research by Smaller Firms Bear Fruit?: Evidence from the SBIR Program
w7890 David H. Autor
Frank Levy
Richard Murnane

Upstairs, Downstairs: Computer-Skill Complementarity and Computer-Labor Substitution on Two Floors of a Large Bank
w7891 Michael E. Porter
Scott Stern

Measuring the "Ideas" Production Function: Evidence from International Patent Output
w7898 Herschel I. Grossman
Inventors and Pirates: Creative Activity and Intellectual Property Rights
w7898 Herschel I. Grossman
Inventors and Pirates: Creative Activity and Intellectual Property Rights
w7904 Francesco Caselli
Wilbur John Coleman II

The World Technology Frontier
w7833 Robert J. Gordon
Does the "New Economy" Measure up to the Great Inventions of the Past?
w7843 James D. Adams
Eric P. Chiang
Katara Starkey

Industry-University Cooperative Research Centers
w7843 James D. Adams
Eric P. Chiang
Katara Starkey

Industry-University Cooperative Research Centers
w7816 Ernst R. Berndt
Anupa Bir
Susan H. Busch
Richard G. Frank
Sharon-Lise T. Normand

The Medical Treatment of Depression, 1991-1996: Productive Inefficiency, Expected Outcome Variations, and Price Indexes
w7723 Paul M. Romer
Should the Government Subsidize Supply or Demand in the Market for Scientists and Engineers?
w7741 Bronwyn H. Hall
Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg

Market Value and Patent Citations: A First Look
w7741 Bronwyn H. Hall
Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg

Market Value and Patent Citations: A First Look
w7684 Bart Hobijn
Boyan Jovanovic

The Information Technology Revolution and the Stock Market: Evidence
w7695 Mark Bils
Peter J. Klenow

Quantifying Quality Growth
w7697 Paul Beaudry
David Green

The Changing Structure of Wages in the US and Germany: What Explains the Differences?
w7631 Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg
Michael S. Fogarty

The Meaning of Patent Citations: Report on the NBER/Case-Western Reserve Survey of Patentees
w7643 Bronwyn H. Hall
Albert N. Link
John T. Scott

Universities as Research Partners
w7612 James D. Adams
Eric P. Chiang
Jeffrey L. Jensen

The Influence of Federal Laboratory R&D on Industrial Research
w7612 James D. Adams
Eric P. Chiang
Jeffrey L. Jensen

The Influence of Federal Laboratory R&D on Industrial Research
w7544 Daron Acemoglu
Labor- and Capital- Augmenting Technical Change
w7465 Timothy Dunne
John Haltiwanger
Lucia Foster

Wage and Productivity Dispersion in U.S. Manufacturing: The Role of Computer Investment
w7477 Josh Lerner
150 Years of Patent Office Practice
w7478 Josh Lerner
150 Years of Patent Protection
w7484 James D. Adams
Endogenous R&D Spillovers and Industrial Research Productivity
w7484 James D. Adams
Endogenous R&D Spillovers and Industrial Research Productivity
1999
w7373 Paul A. David
Bronwyn H. Hall
Andrew A. Toole

Is Public R&D a Complement or Substitute for Private R&D? A Review of the Econometric Evidence
w7373 Paul A. David
Bronwyn H. Hall
Andrew A. Toole

Is Public R&D a Complement or Substitute for Private R&D? A Review of the Econometric Evidence
w7345 Jean O. Lanjouw
Mark Schankerman

The Quality of Ideas: Measuring Innovation with Multiple Indicators
w7345 Jean O. Lanjouw
Mark Schankerman

The Quality of Ideas: Measuring Innovation with Multiple Indicators
w7358 Vernon Henderson
Marshall's Economies
w7280 Adam B. Jaffe
The U.S. Patent System in Transition: Policy Innovation and the Innovation Process
w7283 Charles I. Jones
John C. Williams

Too Much of a Good Thing? The Economics of Investment in R&D
w7248 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker

Local Academic Science Driving Organizational Change: The Adoption of Biotechnology by Japanese Firms
w7201 Michael R. Darby
Qiao Liu
Lynne G. Zucker

Stakes and Stars: The Effect of Intellectual Human Capital on the Level and Variability of High-Tech Firms' Market Values
w7098 Bronwyn H. Hall
John van Reenen

How Effective are Fiscal Incentives for R&D? A New Review of the Evidence
w6990 Wolfgang Keller
How Trade Patterns and Technology Flows Affect Productivity Growth
w7018 Daron Acemoglu
Patterns of Skill Premia
w7022 Manuel Trajtenberg
Innovation in Israel 1968-97: A Comparative Analysis Using Patent Data
w7022 Manuel Trajtenberg
Innovation in Israel 1968-97: A Comparative Analysis Using Patent Data
w7028 Jacques Mairesse
Nathalie Greenan

Using Employee Level Data in a Firm Level Econometric Study
w6931 Jeremy Greenwood
Boyan Jovanovic

The IT Revolution and the Stock Market
w6971 Irving Shapiro
Matthew D. Shapiro
David W. Wilcox

Quality Improvement in Health Care: A Framework for Price and Output Measurement
w6984 Bronwyn H. Hall
Innovation and Market Value
1998
w6841 Jan Eeckhout
Boyan Jovanovic

Inequality
w6853 Paul Beaudry
David Green

What is Driving US and Canadian Wages: Exogenous Technical Change or Endogenous Choice of Technique?
w6753 Tor Jakob Klette
Zvi Griliches

Empirical Patterns of Firm Growth and R&D Investment: A QuUality LadderModel Interpretation
w6696 Bruno Crepon
Emmanuel Duguet
Jacques Mairesse

Research, Innovation, and Productivity: An Econometric Analysis at the Firm Level
w6696 Bruno Crepon
Emmanuel Duguet
Jacques Mairesse

Research, Innovation, and Productivity: An Econometric Analysis at the Firm Level
w6698 Richard Jensen
Marie Thursby

Proofs and Prototypes for Sale: The Tale of University Licensing
w6698 Richard Jensen
Marie Thursby

Proofs and Prototypes for Sale: The Tale of University Licensing
w6632 John Shea
What Do Technology Shocks Do?
w6638 Kevin M. Murphy
W. Craig Riddell
Paul M. Romer

Wages, Skills, and Technology in the United States and Canada
w6654 Robert J. Barro
Notes on Growth Accounting
w6551 Elhanan Helpman
Antonio Rangel

Adjusting to a New Technology: Experience and Training
w6507 Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg

International Knowledge Flows: Evidence from Patent Citations
w6532 Austan Goolsbee
Does Government R&D Policy Mainly Benefit Scientists and Engineers?
w6414 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Yusheng Peng

Fundamentals or Population Dynamics and the Geographic Distribution of U.S. Biotechnology Enterprises, 1976-1989
w6416 Boyan Jovanovic
Vintage Capital and Inequality
w6360 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Capturing Technological Opportunity via Japan's Star Scientists: Evidence from Japanese Firms' Biotech Patents and Products
w6366 Jean O. Lanjouw
The Introduction of Pharmaceutical Product Patents in India: "Heartless Exploitation of the Poor and Suffering"?
1997
w6296 Jean O. Lanjouw
Josh Lerner

The Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights: A Survey of the Empirical Literature
w6297 Jean O. Lanjouw
Mark Schankerman

Stylized Facts of Patent Litigation: Value, Scope and Ownership
w6304 Michael Kremer
Patent Buy-Outs: A Mechanism for Encouraging Innovation
w6304 Michael Kremer
Patent Buy-Outs: A Mechanism for Encouraging Innovation
w6284 Charles I. Jones
The Upcoming Slowdown in U.S. Economic Growth
w6285 Charles I. Jones
Population and Ideas: A Theory of Endogenous Growth
w6204 Samuel Kortum
Josh Lerner

Stronger Protection or Technological Revolution: What is Behind the Recent Surge in Patenting?
w6204 Samuel Kortum
Josh Lerner

Stronger Protection or Technological Revolution: What is Behind the Recent Surge in Patenting?
w6079 Wolfgang Keller
From Socialist Showcase to Mezzogiorno? Lessons on the Role of Technical Change from East Germany's Post-World War II Growth Performance
w6099 James D. Adams
The Structure of Firm R&D and the Factor Intensity of Production
w6113 Wolfgang Keller
Trade and Transmission of Technology
w6036 Wayne B. Gray
Ronald J. Shadbegian

Environmental Regulation, Investment Timing, and Technology Choice
h0098 Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

Inventors, Firms, and the Market for Technology in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
w6014 Josh Lerner
Robert P. Merges

The Control of Strategic Alliances: An Empirical Analysis of Biotechnology Collaborations
w6014 Josh Lerner
Robert P. Merges

The Control of Strategic Alliances: An Empirical Analysis of Biotechnology Collaborations
w5914 Dani Rodrik
TFPG Controversies, Institutions, and Economic Performance in East Asia
w5940 James D. Adams
Technology, Trade, and Wages
1996
w5790 David H. Good
M. Ishaq Nadiri
Robin C. Sickles

Index Number and Factor Demand Approaches to the Estimation of Productivity
w5800 Lee Branstetter
Are Knowledge Spillovers International or Intranational in Scope? Microeconometric Evidence from the Japan and the United States
w5800 Lee Branstetter
Are Knowledge Spillovers International or Intranational in Scope? Microeconometric Evidence from the Japan and the United States
w5770 Shane M. Greenstein
Pablo T. Spiller

Estimating the Welfare Effects of Digital Infrastructure
w5712 Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg

Flows of Knowledge from Universities and Federal Labs: Modeling the Flowof Patent Citations Over Time and Across Institutional and Geographic Boundari
w5726 Timothy F. Bresnahan
Scott Stern
Manuel Trajtenberg

Market Segmentation and the Sources of Rents from Innovation: Personal Computers in the Late 1980's
w5668 Frank Lichtenberg
Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie

International R&D Spillovers: A Re-Examination
w5606 John E. DiNardo
Jorn-Steffen Pischke

The Returns to Computer Use Revisited: Have Pencils Changed the Wage Structure Too?
w5534 Steven G. Allen
Technology and the Wage Structure
w5545 Adam B. Jaffe
Karen Palmer

Environmental Regulation and Innovation: A Panel Data Study
w5506 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Seongjun Kim

R&D, Production Structure and Productivity Growth: A Comparison of the US, Japanese and Korean Manufacturing Sectors
w5418 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Effect of Pharmaceutical Utilization and Innovation on Hospitalization and Mortality
w5443 Paul M. Romer
Why, indeed, in America? Theory, History, and the Origins of Modern Economic Growth
1995
w5373 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Social Construction of Trust to Protect Ideas and Data in Space Science and Geophysics
w5383 Boyan Jovanovic
Learning and Growth
w5059 Theofanis P. Mamuneas
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Public R&D Policies and Cost Behavior of the US Manufacturing Industries
w5035 Daniel M.G. Raff
Manuel Trajtenberg

Quality-Adjusted Prices for the American Automobile Industry: 1906-1940
1994
w4974 Douglas A. Irwin
Peter J. Klenow

High Tech R&D Subsidies: Estimating the Effects of Sematech
w4926 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Technology and Trade
w4854 Elhanan Helpman
Manuel Trajtenberg

A Time to Sow and a Time to Reap: Growth Based on General Purpose Technologies
w4835 Jean Olson Lanjouw
Economic Consequences of a Changing Litigation Environment: The Case of Patents
w4647 Shane M. Greenstein
Did Computer Technology Diffuse Quickly?: Best and Average Practice in Mainframe Computers, 1968-1983
1993
w4540 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Output Contributions of Computer Equipment and Personnel: A Firm- Level Analysis
w4451 Dani Rodrik
Do Low-Income Countries have a High-Wage Option?
w4466 Rebecca Henderson
Iain Cockburn

Scale, Scope and Spillovers: The Determinants of Research Productivity in the Pharmaceutical Industry
w4473 Prajit K. Dutta
Saul Lach
Aldo Rustichini

Better Late Than Early: Vertical Differentiation in the Adoption of a New Technology
w4423 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Innovations and Technological Spillovers
w4289 Magnus Blomstrom
Ari Kokko

Policies to Encourage Inflows of Technology Through Foreign Multinationals
w4256 Alwyn Young
Substitution and Complementarity in Endogenous Innovation
1992
w4240 Bronwyn Hall
R&D Tax Policy During the Eighties: Success or Failure?
w4131 Magnus Blomstrom
Ari Kokko
Mario Zejan

Host Country Competition and Technology Transfer by Multinationals
w4060 Saul Lach
Rafael Rob

R&D, Investment and Industry Dynamics
w4010 Ernst R. Berndt
Catherine J. Morrison
Larry S. Rosenblum

High-Tech Capital Formation and Labor Composition in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: An Exploratory Analysis
w3988 Robert J. Gordon
Forward Into the Past: Productivity Retrogression in the Electric Generating Industry
w3993 Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg
Rebecca Henderson

Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations
w3956 Bronwyn H. Hall
Jacques Mairesse

Exploring the Relationship Between R&D and Productivity in French Manufacturing Firms
w3981 Catherine J. Morrison
Amy Ellen Schwartz

State Infrastructure and Productive Performance
1991
w3768 Zvi Griliches
The Search for R&D Spillovers
w3780 Mark Schankerman
How Valuable is Patent Protection? Estimates By Technology Field Using Patent Renewal Data
w3780 Mark Schankerman
How Valuable is Patent Protection? Estimates By Technology Field Using Patent Renewal Data
w3732 Boyan Jovanovic
Saul Lach

The Diffusion of Technology and Inequality Among Nations

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