NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Papers in JEL Code N4: Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation

2017
w23410 Leah Platt Boustan
Matthew E. Kahn
Paul W. Rhode
Maria Lucia Yanguas

The Effect of Natural Disasters on Economic Activity in US Counties: A Century of Data
w23337 Oeindrila Dube
S.P. Harish

Queens
w23278 Enrico Spolaore
Romain Wacziarg

The Political Economy of Heterogeneity and Conflict
w23216 Efraim Benmelech
Carola Frydman
Dimitris Papanikolaou

Financial Frictions and Employment during the Great Depression
w23086 B. Zorina Khan
Designing Women: Consumer Goods Innovations in Britain, France and the United States, 1750-1900
w23033 Murat Iyigun
Nathan Nunn
Nancy Qian

Winter is Coming: The Long-Run Effects of Climate Change on Conflict, 1400-1900
2016
w22980 Howard Bodenhorn
Blind Tigers and Red-Tape Cocktails: Liquor Control and Homicide in Late-Nineteenth-Century South Carolina
w22760 Daniel K. Fetter
Local Government and Old-Age Support in the New Deal
w22724 Sebastian Galiani
Gustavo Torrens

Why Not Taxation and Representation? A Note on the American Revolution
w22658 Allison Shertzer
Tate Twinam
Randall P. Walsh

Zoning and the Economic Geography of Cities
w22590 Hugh Rockoff
The U.S. Economy in WWII as a Model for Coping with Climate Change
w22557 Gregori Galofré-Vilà
Martin McKee
Christopher M. Meissner
David Stuckler

The Economic Consequences of the 1953 London Debt Agreement
w22144 Lee J. Alston
Marcus André Melo
Bernardo Mueller
Carlos Pereira

A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Critical Transitions
w22132 Daniel K. Fetter
Lee M. Lockwood

Government Old-Age Support and Labor Supply: Evidence from the Old Age Assistance Program
w21932 Daron Acemoglu
Jacob Moscona
James A. Robinson

State Capacity and American Technology: Evidence from the 19th Century
w21925 Price V. Fishback
How Successful Was the New Deal? The Microeconomic Impact of New Deal Spending and Lending Policies in the 1930s
2015
w21829 Ernesto Dal Bó
Pablo Hernández
Sebastián Mazzuca

The Paradox of Civilization: Pre-Institutional Sources of Security and Prosperity
w21798 Sara Lowes
Nathan Nunn
James A. Robinson
Jonathan Weigel

The Evolution of Culture and Institutions: Evidence from the Kuba Kingdom
w21799 George J. Hall
Thomas J. Sargent

A History of U.S. Debt Limits
w21536 Dan Bogart
The East Indian Monopoly and the Transition from Limited Access in England, 1600-1813
w21450 Leander Heldring
James A. Robinson
Sebastian Vollmer

Monks, Gents and Industrialists: The Long-Run Impact of the Dissolution of the English Monasteries
w21373 Mark Dincecco
Ugo Troiano

Broadening the State: Policy Responses to the Introduction of the Income Tax
w21373 Mark Dincecco
Ugo Troiano

Broadening the State: Policy Responses to the Introduction of the Income Tax
w21193 Jeanet Bentzen
Jacob Gerner Hariri
James A. Robinson

The Indigenous Roots of Representative Democracy
w21195 Eric Hilt
Corporation Law and the Shift toward Open Access in the Antebellum United States
w21152 Farley Grubb
Colonial New Jersey's Provincial Fiscal Structure, 1709-1775: Spending Obligations, Revenue Sources, and Tax Burdens in War and in Peace
w21079 Cemal Eren Arbatli
Quamrul H. Ashraf
Oded Galor

The Nature of Conflict
w20944 B. Zorina Khan
The Impact of War on Resource Allocation: 'Creative Destruction' and the American Civil War
w20852 Christopher M. Meissner
The Limits of Bimetallism
w20829 Shari Eli
Laura Salisbury

Patronage Politics and the Development of the Welfare State: Confederate Pensions in the American South
w20829 Shari Eli
Laura Salisbury

Patronage Politics and the Development of the Welfare State: Confederate Pensions in the American South
2014
w20544 Carola Frydman
Eric Hilt

Investment Banks as Corporate Monitors in the Early 20th Century United States
w20544 Carola Frydman
Eric Hilt

Investment Banks as Corporate Monitors in the Early 20th Century United States
w20524 Farley Grubb
Jim Celia

Non-Legal-Tender Paper Money: The Structure and Performance of Maryland's Bills of Credit, 1767-1775
w20481 Timothy W. Guinnane
Ron Harris
Naomi R. Lamoreaux

Contractual Freedom and the Evolution of Corporate Control in Britain, 1862 to 1929
w20481 Timothy W. Guinnane
Ron Harris
Naomi R. Lamoreaux

Contractual Freedom and the Evolution of Corporate Control in Britain, 1862 to 1929
w20258 Stephen Chaudoin
Zachary Peskowitz
Christopher Stanton

Beyond Zeroes and Ones: The Intensity and Dynamics of Civil Conflict
w20231 Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Revisiting American Exceptionalism: Democracy and the Regulation of Corporate Governance in Nineteenth-Century Pennsylvania
w20150 Nico Voigtlaender
Hans-Joachim Voth

Highway to Hitler
w20108 Allison Shertzer
Tate Twinam
Randall P. Walsh

Race, Ethnicity, and Discriminatory Zoning
w20064 Daron Acemoglu
Simon Johnson

Disease and Development: A Reply to Bloom, Canning, and Fink
w20029 Aldo Musacchio
Andre Martinez
Martina Viarengo

Colonial Institutions, Commodity Booms, and the Diffusion of Elementary Education in Brazil, 1889-1930
w19903 Farley Grubb
A New Approach to Solving the Colonial Monetary Puzzle: Evidence from New Jersey, 1709-1775
2013
w19690 Tomas Cvrcek
Miroslav Zajicek

School, what is it good for? Useful Human Capital and the History of Public Education in Central Europe
w19625 Charles W. Calomiris
Jonathan Pritchett

Betting on Secession: Quantifying Political Events Surrounding Slavery and the Civil War
w19604 Daniel K. Fetter
The Home Front: Rent Control and the Rapid Wartime Increase in Home Ownership
w19577 Farley Grubb
The Continental Dollar: How the American Revolution was Financed with Paper Money--Initial Design and Ideal Performance
w19266 Eli Berman
Joseph Felter
Ethan Kapstein
Erin Troland

Predation, Taxation, Investment and Violence: Evidence from the Philippines
w19201 Shanker Satyanath
Nico Voigtlaender
Hans-Joachim Voth

Bowling for Fascism: Social Capital and the Rise of the Nazi Party
w19203 Saumitra Jha
"Unfinished Business": Ethnic Complementarities and the Political Contagion of Peace and Conflict in Gujarat
w19203 Saumitra Jha
"Unfinished Business": Ethnic Complementarities and the Political Contagion of Peace and Conflict in Gujarat
w19122 Enrico Spolaore
What is European Integration Really About? A Political Guide for Economists
w18813 Nico Voigtländer
Hans-Joachim Voth

Married to Intolerance: Attitudes towards Intermarriage in Germany, 1900-2006
w18674 Eli Berman
Joseph Felter
Jacob N. Shapiro
Erin Troland

Modest, Secure and Informed: Successful Development in Conflict Zones
w18713 Stephen H. Haber
Aldo Musacchio

These Are the Good Old Days: Foreign Entry and the Mexican Banking System
2012
w18566 Leander Heldring
James A. Robinson

Colonialism and Economic Development in Africa
w18500 Shawn Kantor
Price V. Fishback
John Joseph Wallis

Did the New Deal Solidify the 1932 Democratic Realignment?
w18375 Eli Berman
Joseph Felter
Ethan Kapstein
Erin Troland

Predation, Taxation, Investment, and Violence: Evidence from the Philippines
w18363 Gerardo della Paolera
Alan M. Taylor

Sovereign Debt in Latin America, 1820-1913
w18271 Price V. Fishback
John Joseph Wallis

What Was New About the New Deal?
w18227 Ryan D. Edwards
Overseas Deployment, Combat Exposure, and Well-Being in the 2010 National Survey of Veterans
w18164 Matthew Gentzkow
Nathan Petek
Jesse M. Shapiro
Michael Sinkinson

Do Newspapers Serve the State? Incumbent Party Influence on the US Press, 1869-1928
w18099 Farley Grubb
Chronic Specie Scarcity and Efficient Barter: The Problem of Maintaining an Outside Money Supply in British Colonial America
w17997 Farley Grubb
Is Paper Money Just Paper Money? Experimentation and Variation in the Paper Monies Issued by the American Colonies from 1690 to 1775
w17860 Christina D. Romer
David H. Romer

The Incentive Effects of Marginal Tax Rates: Evidence from the Interwar Era
2011
w17620 Stelios Michalopoulos
Elias Papaioannou

The Long-Run Effects of the Scramble for Africa
w17276 Farley Grubb
The Continental Dollar: Initial Design, Ideal Performance, and the Credibility of Congressional Commitment
w17206 Steven C.A. Pincus
James A. Robinson

What Really Happened During the Glorious Revolution?
w17209 Farley Grubb
State Redemption of the Continental Dollar, 1779-1790
w17147 Eric Hilt
Jacqueline Valentine

Democratic Dividends: Stockholding, Wealth and Politics in New York, 1791-1826
w17051 Suresh Naidu
Noam Yuchtman

Coercive Contract Enforcement: Law and the Labor Market in 19th Century Industrial Britain
w16689 Howard Bodenhorn
Partnership fragility and credit costs
2010
w16550 Wolfgang Keller
Ben Li
Carol H. Shiue

China's Foreign Trade: Perspectives From the Past 150 Years
w16561 Price V. Fishback
Valentina Kachanovskaya

In Search of the Multiplier for Federal Spending in the States During the Great Depression
w16461 Edward Miguel
Shanker Satyanath

Understanding Transitory Rainfall Shocks, Economic Growth and Civil Conflict
w16440 Marshall Burke
John Dykema
David Lobell
Edward Miguel
Shanker Satyanath

Climate and Civil War: Is the Relationship Robust?
w16361 Xin Meng
Nancy Qian
Pierre Yared

The Institutional Causes of China's Great Famine, 1959-61
w16380 Robert J. Gordon
Robert Krenn

The End of the Great Depression 1939-41: Policy Contributions and Fiscal Multipliers
w16355 Richard Sutch
The Unexpected Long-Run Impact of the Minimum Wage: An Educational Cascade
w16108 Ryan D. Edwards
U.S. War Costs: Two Parts Temporary, One Part Permanent
w16108 Ryan D. Edwards
U.S. War Costs: Two Parts Temporary, One Part Permanent
w15824 Price V. Fishback
Alfonso Flores-Lagunes
William Horrace
Shawn E. Kantor
Jaret Treber

The Influence of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation on Housing Markets During the 1930s
w15697 Daniel Bogart
Gary Richardson

Property Rights and Parliament in Industrializing Britain
w15696 Price V. Fishback
Samuel Allen
Jonathan Fox
Brendan Livingston

A Patchwork Safety Net: A Survey of Cliometric Studies of Income Maintenance Programs in the United States in the First Half of the Twentieth Century
2009
w15598 Petra Moser
Alessandra Voena

Compulsory Licensing - Evidence from the Trading with the Enemy Act
w15475 Alan M. Taylor
The Global 1970s and the Echo of the Great Depression
w15374 Michael Huberman
Christopher M. Meissner

Riding the Wave of Trade: Explaining the Rise of Labor Regulation in the Golden Age of Globalization
w15378 Daron Acemoglu
Davide Ticchi
Andrea Vindigni

Persistence of Civil Wars
w15360 Klaus Desmet
Ignacio Ortuño-Ortín
Romain Wacziarg

The Political Economy of Ethnolinguistic Cleavages
w15264 Lee J. Alston
Edwyna Harris
Bernardo Mueller

De Facto and De Jure Property Rights: Land Settlement and Land Conflict on the Australian, Brazilian and U.S. Frontiers
w15209 Lee J. Alston
Andrés A. Gallo

Electoral Fraud, the Rise of Peron and Demise of Checks and Balances in Argentina
w15055 Joshua L. Rosenbloom
William A. Sundstrom

Labor-Market Regimes in U.S. Economic History
w15055 Joshua L. Rosenbloom
William A. Sundstrom

Labor-Market Regimes in U.S. Economic History
w15055 Joshua L. Rosenbloom
William A. Sundstrom

Labor-Market Regimes in U.S. Economic History
w15061 Ryan L. Lampe
Petra Moser

Do Patent Pools Encourage Innovation? Evidence from the 19th-Century Sewing Machine Industry
w15028 Farley Grubb
Land Policy: Founding Choices and Outcomes, 1781-1802
w14918 Nathan Nunn
Diego Puga

Ruggedness: The Blessing of Bad Geography in Africa
w14745 Chulhee Lee
Socioeconomic Differences in the Health of Black Union Army Soldiers
2008
w14393 Dan Bogart
Gary Richardson

Estate Acts, 1600 to 1830: A New Source for British History
w14360 Alexander Dyck
David Moss
Luigi Zingales

Media versus Special Interests
w14298 Noel Maurer
Lakshmi Iyer

The Cost of Property Rights: Establishing Institutions on the Philippine Frontier Under American Rule, 1898-1918
w14283 Howard Bodenhorn
Criminal Sentencing in Nineteenth Century Pennsylvania
w14267 Farley Grubb
The Distribution of Congressional Spending During the American Revolution, 1775-1780: The Problem of Geographic Balance
w14167 Price V. Fishback
Rebecca Holmes
Samuel Allen

Lifting the Curse of Dimensionality: Measures of the Labor Legislation Climate in the States During the Progressive Era
w14167 Price V. Fishback
Rebecca Holmes
Samuel Allen

Lifting the Curse of Dimensionality: Measures of the Labor Legislation Climate in the States During the Progressive Era
w14107 Dan Bogart
Gary Richardson

Making Property Productive: Reorganizing Rights to Real and Equitable Estates in Britain, 1660 to 1830
w14003 Petra Moser
An Empirical Test of Taste-based Discrimination Changes in Ethnic Preferences and their Effect on Admissions to the NYSE during World War I
w13974 Farley Grubb
Creating Maryland's Paper Money Economy, 1720-1739: The Role of Power, Print, and Markets
w13930 Gary Richardson
Brand Names Before the Industrial Revolution
w13915 Daron Acemoglu
Davide Ticchi
Andrea Vindigni

A Theory of Military Dictatorships
w13836 Farley Grubb
Testing for the Economic Impact of the U.S. Constitution: Purchasing Power Parity across the Colonies versus across the States, 1748-1811
w13757 Gary Richardson
Dan Bogart

Institutional Adaptability and Economic Development: The Property Rights Revolution in Britain, 1700 to 1830
w13765 Kris James Mitchener
Marc Weidenmier

Trade and Empire
2007
w13695 Woong Lee
Private Deception and the Rise of Public Employment Offices in the United States, 1890 - 1930
w13642 Gary D. Libecap
Open-Access Losses and Delay in the Assignment of Property Rights
w13458 Michael Greenstone
Is the "Surge" Working? Some New Facts
w13431 Sukkoo Kim
Institutions and U.S. Regional Development: A Study of Massachusetts and Virginia
w13418 Hugh Rockoff
Keep on Scrapping: The Salvage Drives of World War II
w13223 Sung Won Kang
Hugh Rockoff

After Johnny Came Marching Home: The Political Economy of Veterans' Benefits in the Nineteenth Century
w13122 Ernesto Dal Bó
Pedro Dal Bó
Jason Snyder

Political Dynasties
w13122 Ernesto Dal Bó
Pedro Dal Bó
Jason Snyder

Political Dynasties
w13109 Timothy Guinnane
Ron Harris
Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Jean-Laurent Rosenthal

Putting the Corporation in its Place
w12825 Ryan S. Johnson
Shawn Kantor
Price V. Fishback

Striking at the Roots of Crime: The Impact of Social Welfare Spending on Crime During the Great Depression
2006
w12801 Joseph Cullen
Price V. Fishback

Did Big Government's Largesse Help the Locals? The Implications of WWII Spending for Local Economic Activity, 1939-1958
w12795 Douglass C North
John Joseph Wallis
Barry R. Weingast

A Conceptual Framework for Interpreting Recorded Human History
w12795 Douglass C North
John Joseph Wallis
Barry R. Weingast

A Conceptual Framework for Interpreting Recorded Human History
w12613 Shilpi Kapur
Sukkoo Kim

British Colonial Institutions and Economic Development in India
w12226 Joshua Aizenman
Ilan Noy

Prizes for Basic Research -- Human Capital, Economic Might and the Shadow of History
w12137 Filippo Occhino
Kim Oosterlinck
Eugene N. White

How Occupied France Financed Its Own Exploitation in World War II
w12108 Daron Acemoglu
James A. Robinson

Persistence of Power, Elites and Institutions
w11940 Daron Acemoglu
Modeling Inefficient Institutions
w11927 Zeynep Hansen
Marc T. Law

The Political Economy of "Truth-in-Advertising" Regulation During the Progressive Era
w11927 Zeynep Hansen
Marc T. Law

The Political Economy of "Truth-in-Advertising" Regulation During the Progressive Era
2005
w11908 Lee J. Alston
Jeffery A. Jenkins
Tomas Nonnenmacher

Who Should Govern Congress? Access to Power and the Salary Grab of 1873
w11565 Reuven Glick
Alan M. Taylor

Collateral Damage: Trade Disruption and the Economic Impact of War
w11472 Kris James Mitchener
Marc D. Weidenmier

Supersanctions and Sovereign Debt Repayment
w11397 John Joseph Wallis
Barry R. Weingast

Equilibrium Impotence: Why the States and Not the American National Government Financed Economic Development in the Antebellum Era
w11377 Jonathan Gruber
Religious Market Structure, Religious Participation, and Outcomes: Is Religion Good for You?
w11355 Jeffrey A. Miron
Chris Feige

The Opium Wars, Opium Legalization, and Opium Consumption in China
w11332 Jonathan Gruber
Daniel M. Hungerman

Faith-Based Charity and Crowd Out during the Great Depression
w11096 David Cutler
Grant Miller

Water, Water, Everywhere: Municipal Finance and Water Supply in American Cities
w11080 John Joseph Wallis
Price Fishback
Shawn Kantor

Politics, Relief, and Reform: The Transformation of America's Social Welfare System during the New Deal
w11058 Price Fishback
The Irony of Reform: Did Large Employers Subvert Workplace Safety Reform, 1869 to 1930?
2004
w10984 Marc T. Law
Gary D. Libecap

The Determinants of Progressive Era Reform: The Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906
w10952 John Joseph Wallis
The Concept of Systematic Corruption in American Political and Economic History
w10900 Naomi Lamoreaux
Jean-Laurent Rosenthal

Corporate Governance and the Plight of Minority Shareholders in the United States Before the Great Depression
w10791 Matthew Gentzkow
Edward L. Glaeser
Claudia Goldin

The Rise of the Fourth Estate: How Newspapers Became Informative and Why It Mattered
w10775 Edward L. Glaeser
Claudia Goldin

Corruption and Reform: An Introduction
w10753 John Joseph Wallis
Richard E. Sylla
Arthur Grinath III

Sovereign Debt and Repudiation: The Emerging-Market Debt Crisis in the U.S. States, 1839-1843
w10654 Howard Bodenhorn
Free Banking and Bank Entry in Nineteenth-Century New York
w10580 Hugh Rockoff
Until it's Over, Over There: The U.S. Economy in World War I
w10451 John Joseph Wallis
Constitutions, Corporations, and Corruption: American States and Constitutional Change
w10346 B. Zorina Khan
Technological Innovations and Endogenous Changes in U.S. Legal Institutions, 1790-1920
w10288 Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Jean-Laurent Rosenthal

Legal Regime and Business's Organizational Choice: A Comparison of France and the United States
2003
w9990 Rebecca Menes
Corruption in Cities: Graft and Politics in American Cities at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
w9869 Peter H. Lindert
Why the Welfare State Looks Like a Free Lunch
w9854 Paul W. Rhode
After the War Boom: Reconversion on the U.S. Pacific Coast, 1943-49
w9749 Peter H. Lindert
Voice and Growth: Was Churchill Right?
w9612 Alan L. Olmstead
Paul W. Rhode

Hog Round Marketing, Seed Quality, and Government Policy: Institutional Change in U.S. Cotton Production, 1920-1960
w9559 Chiaki Moriguchi
Implicit Contracts, the Great Depression, and Institutional Change: A Comparative Analysis of U.S. and Japanese Employment Relations, 1920-1940
2002
w9182 Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Path Dependence and the Origins of Cotton Textile Manufacturing in New England
w8759 Rafael La Porta
Florencio Lopez-de-Silane
Cristian Pop-Eleches
Andrei Shleifer

The Guarantees of Freedom
2001
h0136 John Joseph Wallis
The Property Tax as a Coordinating Device: Financing Indiana's Mammoth Internal Improvement System, 1835 to 1842
w8595 Hugh Rockoff
The Changing Role of America's Veterans
w8272 Edward L. Glaeser
Andrei Shleifer

Legal Origins
2000
w7939 Chiaki Moriguchi
The Evolution of Employment Relations in U.S. and Japanese Manufacturing Firms, 1900-1960: A Comparative Historical and Institutional Analysis
1999
w6975 Rebecca Menes
The Effect of Patronage Politics on City Government in American Cities, 1900-1910
1998
w6727 Rafael La Porta
Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes
Andrei Shleifer
Robert Vishny

The Quality of Goverment
1997
h0097 Arthur Grinath
III
John Joseph Wallis
Richard Sylla

Debt, Default, and Revenue Structure: The American State Debt Crisis in the Early 1840s
w5949 Jeffrey A. Miron
David N. Weil

The Genesis and Evolution of Social Security
1996
h0090 John Joseph Wallis
What Determines the Allocation of National Government Grants to the States?
h0083 John Landon-Lane
Hugh Rockoff

The Paradox of Planning: The Controlled Materials Plan of World War II
1991
h0033 Jeremy Atack
Fred Bateman

Whom Did Protective Legislation Protect? Evidence From 1880
h0029 Gary D. Libecap
The Rise of the Chicago Packers and the Origins of Meat Inspection and Antitrust
h0025 Jeremy Atack
Fred Bateman

Louis Brandeis, Work and Fatigue at the Start of the Twentieth Century: Prelude to Oregon's Hours Limitation Law

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