NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Papers in JEL Code I2: Education and Research Institutions

2016
w22880 Veronica Minaya
Judith Scott-Clayton

Labor Market Outcomes and Postsecondary Accountability: Are Imperfect Metrics Better than None?
w22880 Veronica Minaya
Judith Scott-Clayton

Labor Market Outcomes and Postsecondary Accountability: Are Imperfect Metrics Better than None?
w22881 Julie Berry Cullen
Eric A. Hanushek
Gregory Phelan
Steven G. Rivkin

Performance Information and Personnel Decisions in the Public Sector: The Case of School Principals
w22881 Julie Berry Cullen
Eric A. Hanushek
Gregory Phelan
Steven G. Rivkin

Performance Information and Personnel Decisions in the Public Sector: The Case of School Principals
w22881 Julie Berry Cullen
Eric A. Hanushek
Gregory Phelan
Steven G. Rivkin

Performance Information and Personnel Decisions in the Public Sector: The Case of School Principals
w22900 Seth D. Zimmerman
Making the One Percent: The Role of Elite Universities and Elite Peers
w22900 Seth D. Zimmerman
Making the One Percent: The Role of Elite Universities and Elite Peers
w22901 Rodney Andrews
Kevin Stange

Price Regulation, Price Discrimination, and Equality of Opportunity in Higher Education: Evidence from Texas
w22901 Rodney Andrews
Kevin Stange

Price Regulation, Price Discrimination, and Equality of Opportunity in Higher Education: Evidence from Texas
w22901 Rodney Andrews
Kevin Stange

Price Regulation, Price Discrimination, and Equality of Opportunity in Higher Education: Evidence from Texas
w22901 Rodney Andrews
Kevin Stange

Price Regulation, Price Discrimination, and Equality of Opportunity in Higher Education: Evidence from Texas
w22901 Rodney Andrews
Kevin Stange

Price Regulation, Price Discrimination, and Equality of Opportunity in Higher Education: Evidence from Texas
w22855 Karen Clay
Jeff Lingwall
Melvin Stephens
Jr.

Laws, Educational Outcomes, and Returns to Schooling: Evidence from the Full Count 1940 Census
w22871 Karen Macours
Renos Vakis

Sustaining Impacts When Transfers End: Women Leaders, Aspirations, and Investment in Children
w22841 Christopher Avery
Oded Gurantz
Michael Hurwitz
Jonathan Smith

Shifting College Majors in Response to Advanced Placement Exam Scores
w22841 Christopher Avery
Oded Gurantz
Michael Hurwitz
Jonathan Smith

Shifting College Majors in Response to Advanced Placement Exam Scores
w22805 Julie Berry Cullen
Cory Koedel
Eric Parsons

The Compositional Effect of Rigorous Teacher Evaluation on Workforce Quality
w22808 Martin R. West
Ludger Woessmann
Philipp Lergetporer
Katharina Werner

How Information Affects Support for Education Spending: Evidence from Survey Experiments in Germany and the United States
w22746 Abhijit Banerjee
Rukmini Banerji
James Berry
Esther Duflo
Harini Kannan
Shobhini Mukherji
Marc Shotland
Michael Walton

Mainstreaming an Effective Intervention: Evidence from Randomized Evaluations of "Teaching at the Right Level" in India
w22746 Abhijit Banerjee
Rukmini Banerji
James Berry
Esther Duflo
Harini Kannan
Shobhini Mukherji
Marc Shotland
Michael Walton

Mainstreaming an Effective Intervention: Evidence from Randomized Evaluations of "Teaching at the Right Level" in India
w22749 David J. Deming
Michael Lovenheim
Richard W. Patterson

The Competitive Effects of Online Education
w22749 David J. Deming
Michael Lovenheim
Richard W. Patterson

The Competitive Effects of Online Education
w22754 Joshua Goodman
Julia Melkers
Amanda Pallais

Can Online Delivery Increase Access to Education?
w22754 Joshua Goodman
Julia Melkers
Amanda Pallais

Can Online Delivery Increase Access to Education?
w22764 Minahil Asim
Thomas Dee

Mobile Phones, Civic Engagement, and School Performance in Pakistan
w22734 Russell Cooper
Huacong Liu

Money or Grit? Determinants of MisMatch by Race and Gender
w22734 Russell Cooper
Huacong Liu

Money or Grit? Determinants of MisMatch by Race and Gender
w22734 Russell Cooper
Huacong Liu

Money or Grit? Determinants of MisMatch by Race and Gender
w22713 Judith Scott-Clayton
Lauren Schudde

Performance Standards in Need-Based Student Aid
w22713 Judith Scott-Clayton
Lauren Schudde

Performance Standards in Need-Based Student Aid
w22713 Judith Scott-Clayton
Lauren Schudde

Performance Standards in Need-Based Student Aid
w22718 Philip DeCicca
Donald S. Kenkel
Feng Liu
Hua Wang

Behavioral Welfare Economics and FDA Tobacco Regulations
w22719 Marina Bassi
Costas Meghir
Ana Reynoso

Education Quality and Teaching Practices
w22719 Marina Bassi
Costas Meghir
Ana Reynoso

Education Quality and Teaching Practices
w22719 Marina Bassi
Costas Meghir
Ana Reynoso

Education Quality and Teaching Practices
w22725 Evan Riehl
Juan E. Saavedra
Miguel Urquiola

Learning and Earning: An Approximation to College Value Added in Two Dimensions
w22687 Yoko Niimi
Charles Yuji Horioka

The Impact of Intergenerational Transfers on Household Wealth Inequality in Japan and the United States
w22679 George Bulman
Robert Fairlie
Sarena Goodman
Adam Isen

Parental Resources and College Attendance: Evidence from Lottery Wins
w22641 Michael Baker
Kirsten Cornelson

Title IX and the Spatial Content of Female Employment--Out of the Lab and into the Labor Market
w22654 Jaison R. Abel
Richard Deitz

Underemployment in the Early Careers of College Graduates Following the Great Recession
w22657 Eric A. Hanushek
Guido Schwerdt
Simon Wiederhold
Ludger Woessmann

Coping with Change: International Differences in the Returns to Skills
w22629 Graham Beattie
Jean-William P. Laliberté
Philip Oreopoulos

Thrivers and Divers: Using Non-Academic Measures to Predict College Success and Failure
w22629 Graham Beattie
Jean-William P. Laliberté
Philip Oreopoulos

Thrivers and Divers: Using Non-Academic Measures to Predict College Success and Failure
w22630 Philip Oreopoulos
Uros Petronijevic

Student Coaching: How Far Can Technology Go?
w22630 Philip Oreopoulos
Uros Petronijevic

Student Coaching: How Far Can Technology Go?
w22589 Glenn Ellison
Parag A. Pathak

The Efficiency of Race-Neutral Alternatives to Race-Based Affirmative Action: Evidence from Chicago's Exam Schools
w22604 Peter Cappelli
Shinjae Won

How You Pay Affects How You Do: Financial Aid Type and Student Performance in College
w22604 Peter Cappelli
Shinjae Won

How You Pay Affects How You Do: Financial Aid Type and Student Performance in College
w22558 Anna Aizer
Janet Currie
Peter Simon
Patrick Vivier

Do Low Levels of Blood Lead Reduce Children's Future Test Scores?
w22559 Jane Arnold Lincove
Kalena E. Cortes

Match or Mismatch? Automatic Admissions and College Preferences of Low- and High-Income Students
w22559 Jane Arnold Lincove
Kalena E. Cortes

Match or Mismatch? Automatic Admissions and College Preferences of Low- and High-Income Students
w22574 Judith Scott-Clayton
Basit Zafar

Financial Aid, Debt Management, and Socioeconomic Outcomes: Post-College Effects of Merit-Based Aid
w22574 Judith Scott-Clayton
Basit Zafar

Financial Aid, Debt Management, and Socioeconomic Outcomes: Post-College Effects of Merit-Based Aid
w22528 Sujata Visaria
Rajeev Dehejia
Melody M. Chao
Anirban Mukhopadhyay

Unintended Consequences of Rewards for Student Attendance: Results from a Field Experiment in Indian Classrooms
w22528 Sujata Visaria
Rajeev Dehejia
Melody M. Chao
Anirban Mukhopadhyay

Unintended Consequences of Rewards for Student Attendance: Results from a Field Experiment in Indian Classrooms
w22541 David Figlio
Paola Giuliano
Umut Özek
Paola Sapienza

Long-Term Orientation and Educational Performance
w22541 David Figlio
Paola Giuliano
Umut Özek
Paola Sapienza

Long-Term Orientation and Educational Performance
w22543 Matthew Wiswall
Basit Zafar

Human Capital Investments and Expectations about Career and Family
w22543 Matthew Wiswall
Basit Zafar

Human Capital Investments and Expectations about Career and Family
w22501 Anna Valero
John Van Reenen

The Economic Impact of Universities: Evidence from Across the Globe
w22501 Anna Valero
John Van Reenen

The Economic Impact of Universities: Evidence from Across the Globe
w22502 Will S. Dobbie
Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Charter Schools and Labor Market Outcomes
w22502 Will S. Dobbie
Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Charter Schools and Labor Market Outcomes
w22480 Nora Gordon
Sarah Reber

The Effects of School Desegregation on Mixed-Race Births
w22474 Katherine Michelmore
Susan Dynarski

The Gap within the Gap: Using Longitudinal Data to Understand Income Differences in Student Achievement
w22474 Katherine Michelmore
Susan Dynarski

The Gap within the Gap: Using Longitudinal Data to Understand Income Differences in Student Achievement
w22472 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman

Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction
w22465 Rasmus Landersø
James J. Heckman

The Scandinavian Fantasy: The Sources of Intergenerational Mobility in Denmark and the U.S.
w22465 Rasmus Landersø
James J. Heckman

The Scandinavian Fantasy: The Sources of Intergenerational Mobility in Denmark and the U.S.
w22434 Brian Jacob
Jesse Rothstein

The Measurement of Student Ability in Modern Assessment Systems
w22417 Nava Ashraf
Natalie Bau
Nathan Nunn
Alessandra Voena

Bride Price and Female Education
w22417 Nava Ashraf
Natalie Bau
Nathan Nunn
Alessandra Voena

Bride Price and Female Education
w22401 Ş. Pelin Akyol
James Key
Kala Krishna

Hit or Miss? Test Taking Behavior in Multiple Choice Exams
w22390 Julia Chabrier
Sarah Cohodes
Philip Oreopoulos

What Can We Learn from Charter School Lotteries?
w22390 Julia Chabrier
Sarah Cohodes
Philip Oreopoulos

What Can We Learn from Charter School Lotteries?
w22390 Julia Chabrier
Sarah Cohodes
Philip Oreopoulos

What Can We Learn from Charter School Lotteries?
w22393 Lauren L. Schmitz
Dalton Conley

The Effect of Vietnam-Era Conscription and Genetic Potential for Educational Attainment on Schooling Outcomes
w22393 Lauren L. Schmitz
Dalton Conley

The Effect of Vietnam-Era Conscription and Genetic Potential for Educational Attainment on Schooling Outcomes
w22393 Lauren L. Schmitz
Dalton Conley

The Effect of Vietnam-Era Conscription and Genetic Potential for Educational Attainment on Schooling Outcomes
w22398 C. Kirabo Jackson
Alexey Makarin

Simplifying Teaching: A Field Experiment with Online "Off-the-Shelf" Lessons
w22372 Todd R. Jones
Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Producing Humanities PhDs among BAs at Doctoral Institutions
w22347 Eric Bettinger
Oded Gurantz
Laura Kawano
Bruce Sacerdote

The Long Run Impacts of Merit Aid: Evidence from California's Cal Grant
w22347 Eric Bettinger
Oded Gurantz
Laura Kawano
Bruce Sacerdote

The Long Run Impacts of Merit Aid: Evidence from California's Cal Grant
w22347 Eric Bettinger
Oded Gurantz
Laura Kawano
Bruce Sacerdote

The Long Run Impacts of Merit Aid: Evidence from California's Cal Grant
w22347 Eric Bettinger
Oded Gurantz
Laura Kawano
Bruce Sacerdote

The Long Run Impacts of Merit Aid: Evidence from California's Cal Grant
w22320 Philip Oreopoulos
Reuben Ford

Keeping College Options Open: A Field Experiment to Help All High School Seniors Through the College Application Process
w22320 Philip Oreopoulos
Reuben Ford

Keeping College Options Open: A Field Experiment to Help All High School Seniors Through the College Application Process
w22320 Philip Oreopoulos
Reuben Ford

Keeping College Options Open: A Field Experiment to Help All High School Seniors Through the College Application Process
w22337 Mark Hoekstra
Pierre Mouganie
Yaojing Wang

Peer Quality and the Academic Benefits to Attending Better Schools
w22337 Mark Hoekstra
Pierre Mouganie
Yaojing Wang

Peer Quality and the Academic Benefits to Attending Better Schools
w22337 Mark Hoekstra
Pierre Mouganie
Yaojing Wang

Peer Quality and the Academic Benefits to Attending Better Schools
w22315 Wolfgang Keller
Hâle Utar

International Trade and Job Polarization: Evidence at the Worker-Level
w22287 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Nicholas Turner

Gainfully Employed? Assessing the Employment and Earnings of For-Profit College Students Using Administrative Data
w22287 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Nicholas Turner

Gainfully Employed? Assessing the Employment and Earnings of For-Profit College Students Using Administrative Data
w22287 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Nicholas Turner

Gainfully Employed? Assessing the Employment and Earnings of For-Profit College Students Using Administrative Data
w22291 James J. Heckman
John Eric Humphries
Gregory Veramendi

Returns to Education: The Causal Effects of Education on Earnings, Health and Smoking
w22260 Rodney J. Andrews
Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Recruiting and Supporting Low-Income, High-Achieving Students at Flagship Universities
w22262 Umut Özek
David N. Figlio

Cross-Generational Differences in Educational Outcomes in the Second Great Wave of Immigration
w22262 Umut Özek
David N. Figlio

Cross-Generational Differences in Educational Outcomes in the Second Great Wave of Immigration
w22263 Claudia Persico
David Figlio
Jeffrey Roth

Inequality Before Birth: The Developmental Consequences of Environmental Toxicants
w22263 Claudia Persico
David Figlio
Jeffrey Roth

Inequality Before Birth: The Developmental Consequences of Environmental Toxicants
w22265 Kosali Simon
Aparna Soni
John Cawley

The Impact of Health Insurance on Preventive Care and Health Behaviors: Evidence from the 2014 ACA Medicaid Expansions
w22267 David Autor
David Figlio
Krzysztof Karbownik
Jeffrey Roth
Melanie Wasserman

Family Disadvantage and the Gender Gap in Behavioral and Educational Outcomes
w22249 Norma B. Coe
Jing Guo
R. Tamara Konetzka
Courtney Harold Van Houtven

What is the Marginal Benefit of Payment-Induced Family Care?
w22217 Charles T. Clotfelter
Steven W. Hemelt
Helen F. Ladd

Multifaceted Aid for Low-Income Students and College Outcomes: Evidence from North Carolina
w22217 Charles T. Clotfelter
Steven W. Hemelt
Helen F. Ladd

Multifaceted Aid for Low-Income Students and College Outcomes: Evidence from North Carolina
w22222 C. Kirabo Jackson
The Effect of Single-Sex Education on Academic Outcomes and Crime: Fresh Evidence from Low-Performing Schools in Trinidad and Tobago
w22226 C. Kirabo Jackson
What Do Test Scores Miss? The Importance of Teacher Effects on Non-Test Score Outcomes
w22233 Jessica Leight
Elaine M. Liu

Maternal Education, Parental Investment and Non-Cognitive Skills in Rural China
w22237 George Bulman
Robert W. Fairlie

Technology and Education: Computers, Software, and the Internet
w22237 George Bulman
Robert W. Fairlie

Technology and Education: Computers, Software, and the Internet
w22205 Roland G. Fryer
Jr

The 'Pupil' Factory: Specialization and the Production of Human Capital in Schools
w22207 Rebecca Diamond
Petra Persson

The Long-term Consequences of Teacher Discretion in Grading of High-stakes Tests
w22180 Jian Wang
Reinhilde Veugelers
Paula Stephan

Bias against Novelty in Science: A Cautionary Tale for Users of Bibliometric Indicators
w22168 Jason Fletcher
Barbara L. Wolfe

The Importance of Family Income in the Formation and Evolution of Non-Cognitive Skills in Childhood
w22165 Thomas S. Dee
Will Dobbie
Brian A. Jacob
Jonah Rockoff

The Causes and Consequences of Test Score Manipulation: Evidence from the New York Regents Examinations
w22165 Thomas S. Dee
Will Dobbie
Brian A. Jacob
Jonah Rockoff

The Causes and Consequences of Test Score Manipulation: Evidence from the New York Regents Examinations
w22165 Thomas S. Dee
Will Dobbie
Brian A. Jacob
Jonah Rockoff

The Causes and Consequences of Test Score Manipulation: Evidence from the New York Regents Examinations
w22126 Michael J. Kottelenberg
Steven F. Lehrer

Targeted or Universal Coverage? Assessing Heterogeneity in the Effects of Universal Childcare
w22127 Susan Dynarski
Judith Scott-Clayton

Tax Benefits for College Attendance
w22127 Susan Dynarski
Judith Scott-Clayton

Tax Benefits for College Attendance
w22107 Steven D. Levitt
John A. List
Sally Sadoff

The Effect of Performance-Based Incentives on Educational Achievement: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment
w22107 Steven D. Levitt
John A. List
Sally Sadoff

The Effect of Performance-Based Incentives on Educational Achievement: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment
w22109 Umut Dur
Parag A. Pathak
Tayfun Sönmez

Explicit vs. Statistical Preferential Treatment in Affirmative Action: Theory and Evidence from Chicago's Exam Schools
w22120 Christopher Avery
Brian Cadman
Gavin Cassar

Academics vs. Athletics: Career Concerns for NCAA Division I Coaches
w22120 Christopher Avery
Brian Cadman
Gavin Cassar

Academics vs. Athletics: Career Concerns for NCAA Division I Coaches
w22104 David Card
Laura Giuliano

Can Tracking Raise the Test Scores of High-Ability Minority Students?
w22054 Brian Jacob
Jonah E. Rockoff
Eric S. Taylor
Benjamin Lindy
Rachel Rosen

Teacher Applicant Hiring and Teacher Performance: Evidence from DC Public Schools
w22061 Derek Laing
Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman
Jason Ward

Decentralized Governance and the Quality of School Leadership
w22061 Derek Laing
Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman
Jason Ward

Decentralized Governance and the Quality of School Leadership
w22061 Derek Laing
Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman
Jason Ward

Decentralized Governance and the Quality of School Leadership
w22013 Brian Jacob
Susan Dynarski
Kenneth Frank
Barbara Schneider

Are Expectations Alone Enough? Estimating the Effect of a Mandatory College-Prep Curriculum in Michigan
w22030 Michael F. Lovenheim
Randall Reback
Leigh Wedenoja

How Does Access to Health Care Affect Teen Fertility and High School Dropout Rates? Evidence from School-based Health Centers
w22042 Scott E. Carrell
Mark Hoekstra
Elira Kuka

The Long-Run Effects of Disruptive Peers
w22042 Scott E. Carrell
Mark Hoekstra
Elira Kuka

The Long-Run Effects of Disruptive Peers
w22004 Patrick Bayer
Fernando Ferreira
Stephen L. Ross

What Drives Racial and Ethnic Differences in High Cost Mortgages? The Role of High Risk Lenders
w22010 Russell Cooper
Huacong Liu

MisMatch in Human Capital Accumulation
w22011 Julien Lafortune
Jesse Rothstein
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

School Finance Reform and the Distribution of Student Achievement
w21986 John P. Papay
Eric S. Taylor
John H. Tyler
Mary Laski

Learning Job Skills from Colleagues at Work: Evidence from a Field Experiment Using Teacher Performance Data
w21965 Stijn Broecke
Glenda Quintini
Marieke Vandeweyer

Wage Inequality and Cognitive Skills: Re-Opening the Debate
w21961 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Jonah Rockoff

Using Lagged Outcomes to Evaluate Bias in Value-Added Models
w21962 Stephen B. Billings
David J. Deming
Stephen L. Ross

Partners in Crime: Schools, Neighborhoods and the Formation of Criminal Networks
w21962 Stephen B. Billings
David J. Deming
Stephen L. Ross

Partners in Crime: Schools, Neighborhoods and the Formation of Criminal Networks
w21951 Harvey S. Rosen
Alexander J. W. Sappington

To Borrow or Not to Borrow? An Analysis of University Leverage Decisions
w21947 Celeste K. Carruthers
Marianne H. Wanamaker

Separate and Unequal in the Labor Market: Human Capital and the Jim Crow Wage Gap
w21926 Charles T. Clotfelter
Steven W. Hemelt
Helen Ladd

Raising the Bar for College Admission: North Carolina's Increase in Minimum Math Course Requirements
w21908 David H. Autor
David N. Figlio
Krzysztof Karbownik
Jeffrey Roth
Melanie Wasserman

School Quality and the Gender Gap in Educational Achievement
w21922 Melinda Adnot
Thomas Dee
Veronica Katz
James Wyckoff

Teacher Turnover, Teacher Quality, and Student Achievement in DCPS
w21894 Victor Lavy
Analia Schlosser
Adi Shany

Out of Africa: Human Capital Consequences of In Utero Conditions
w21895 Beth E. Schueler
Joshua Goodman
David J. Deming

Can States Take Over and Turn Around School Districts? Evidence from Lawrence, Massachusetts
w21895 Beth E. Schueler
Joshua Goodman
David J. Deming

Can States Take Over and Turn Around School Districts? Evidence from Lawrence, Massachusetts
w21895 Beth E. Schueler
Joshua Goodman
David J. Deming

Can States Take Over and Turn Around School Districts? Evidence from Lawrence, Massachusetts
2015
w21831 Peter Hinrichs
An Empirical Analysis of Racial Segregation in Higher Education
w21831 Peter Hinrichs
An Empirical Analysis of Racial Segregation in Higher Education
w21835 Hugh Macartney
Robert McMillan
Uros Petronijevic

Incentive Design in Education: An Empirical Analysis
w21839 Atila Abdulkadiroglu
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

School Vouchers and Student Achievement: Evidence from the Louisiana Scholarship Program
w21827 Liang Zhang
Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Xiangmin Liu

Changing Faculty Employment at Four-Year Colleges and Universities in the United States
w21828 Jason M. Lindo
Peter M. Siminski
Isaac D. Swensen

College Party Culture and Sexual Assault
w21788 Pierre Azoulay
Christian Fons-Rosen
Joshua S. Graff Zivin

Does Science Advance One Funeral at a Time?
w21806 Joppe de Ree
Karthik Muralidharan
Menno Pradhan
Halsey Rogers

Double for Nothing? Experimental Evidence on the Impact of an Unconditional Teacher Salary Increase on Student Performance in Indonesia
w21770 Eric A. Hanushek
Jens Ruhose
Ludger Woessmann

Economic Gains for U.S. States from Educational Reform
w21781 Lindsay C. Page
Judith Scott-Clayton

Improving College Access in the United States: Barriers and Policy Responses
w21781 Lindsay C. Page
Judith Scott-Clayton

Improving College Access in the United States: Barriers and Policy Responses
w21781 Lindsay C. Page
Judith Scott-Clayton

Improving College Access in the United States: Barriers and Policy Responses
w21766 Sneha Elango
Jorge Luis García
James J. Heckman
Andrés Hojman

Early Childhood Education
w21740 Orazio Attanasio
Costas Meghir
Emily Nix

Human Capital Development and Parental Investment in India
w21748 Joshua Angrist
Peter Hull
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher Walters

Leveraging Lotteries for School Value-Added: Testing and Estimation
w21724 Sang Yoon Lee
Yongseok Shin
Donghoon Lee

The Option Value of Human Capital: Higher Education and Wage Inequality
w21727 Katherine Eriksson
Access to Schooling and the Black-White Incarceration Gap in the Early 20th Century US South: Evidence from Rosenwald Schools
w21695 Ernesto Reuben
Paola Sapienza
Luigi Zingales

Taste for Competition and the Gender Gap Among Young Business Professionals
w21705 Atila Abdulkadiroglu
Joshua D. Angrist
Yusuke Narita
Parag A. Pathak

Research Design Meets Market Design: Using Centralized Assignment for Impact Evaluation
w21687 Daniel M. Hungerman
Kevin Rinz

Where Does Voucher Funding Go? How Large-Scale Subsidy Programs Affect Private-School Revenue, Enrollment, and Prices
w21687 Daniel M. Hungerman
Kevin Rinz

Where Does Voucher Funding Go? How Large-Scale Subsidy Programs Affect Private-School Revenue, Enrollment, and Prices
w21655 Joseph G. Altonji
Peter Arcidiacono
Arnaud Maurel

The Analysis of Field Choice in College and Graduate School: Determinants and Wage Effects
w21655 Joseph G. Altonji
Peter Arcidiacono
Arnaud Maurel

The Analysis of Field Choice in College and Graduate School: Determinants and Wage Effects
w21656 Theodore J. Joyce
Sean Crockett
David A. Jaeger
Onur Altindag
Stephen D. O'Connell
Dahlia K. Remler

Do Students Know Best? Choice, Classroom Time, and Academic Performance
w21656 Theodore J. Joyce
Sean Crockett
David A. Jaeger
Onur Altindag
Stephen D. O'Connell
Dahlia K. Remler

Do Students Know Best? Choice, Classroom Time, and Academic Performance
w21659 Burt S. Barnow
Jeffrey Smith

Employment and Training Programs
w21640 Kala Krishna
Sergey Lychagin
Verónica Frisancho Robles

Retaking in High Stakes Exams: Is Less More?
w21643 Brian Jacob
When Evidence is Not Enough: Findings from a Randomized Evaluation of Evidence-Based Literacy Instruction (EBLI)
w21643 Brian Jacob
When Evidence is Not Enough: Findings from a Randomized Evaluation of Evidence-Based Literacy Instruction (EBLI)
w21643 Brian Jacob
When Evidence is Not Enough: Findings from a Randomized Evaluation of Evidence-Based Literacy Instruction (EBLI)
w21623 Abhijit Banerjee
Policies for a Better-fed World
w21631 Miguel Sarzosa
Sergio Urzúa

Bullying among Adolescents: The Role of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills
w21602 Susan E. Mayer
Ariel Kalil
Philip Oreopoulos
Sebastian Gallegos

Using Behavioral Insights to Increase Parental Engagement: The Parents and Children Together (PACT) Intervention
w21602 Susan E. Mayer
Ariel Kalil
Philip Oreopoulos
Sebastian Gallegos

Using Behavioral Insights to Increase Parental Engagement: The Parents and Children Together (PACT) Intervention
w21605 Jonathan Smith
Kevin Stange

A New Measure of College Quality to Study the Effects of College Sector and Peers on Degree Attainment
w21605 Jonathan Smith
Kevin Stange

A New Measure of College Quality to Study the Effects of College Sector and Peers on Degree Attainment
w21610 Thomas S. Dee
Hans Henrik Sievertsen

The Gift of Time? School Starting Age and Mental Health
w21587 Kerwin Kofi Charles
Erik Hurst
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

Housing Booms and Busts, Labor Market Opportunities, and College Attendance
w21592 David N. Figlio
Krzysztof Karbownik
Kjell G. Salvanes

Education Research and Administrative Data
w21594 Philip DeCicca
Harry Krashinsky

Does Education Reduce Teen Fertility? Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws
w21596 Lorenzo Almada
Ian M. McCarthy
Rusty Tchernis

What Can We Learn About the Effects of Food Stamps on Obesity in the Presence of Misreporting?
w21598 Margaret Brehm
Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Achievement Effects of Individual Performance Incentives in a Teacher Merit Pay Tournament
w21568 Lester Lusher
Doug Campbell
Scott Carrell

TAs Like Me: Racial Interactions between Graduate Teaching Assistants and Undergraduates
w21568 Lester Lusher
Doug Campbell
Scott Carrell

TAs Like Me: Racial Interactions between Graduate Teaching Assistants and Undergraduates
w21577 Charles T. Clotfelter
Helen F. Ladd
Jacob L. Vigdor

Public Universities, Equal Opportunity, and the Legacy of Jim Crow: Evidence from North Carolina
w21543 Manisha Shah
Bryce Millett Steinberg

Workfare and Human Capital Investment: Evidence from India
w21545 Jane Greve
Marie Louise Schultz-Nielsen
Erdal Tekin

Fetal Malnutrition And Academic Success: Evidence From Muslim Immigrants In Denmark
w21554 Caroline M. Hoxby
George B. Bulman

The Effects of the Tax Deduction for Postsecondary Tuition: Implications for Structuring Tax-Based Aid
w21554 Caroline M. Hoxby
George B. Bulman

The Effects of the Tax Deduction for Postsecondary Tuition: Implications for Structuring Tax-Based Aid
w21554 Caroline M. Hoxby
George B. Bulman

The Effects of the Tax Deduction for Postsecondary Tuition: Implications for Structuring Tax-Based Aid
w21519 David Card
Laura Giuliano

Can Universal Screening Increase the Representation of Low Income and Minority Students in Gifted Education?
w21515 Paco Martorell
Kevin M. Stange
Isaac McFarlin

Investing in Schools: Capital Spending, Facility Conditions, and Student Achievement
w21515 Paco Martorell
Kevin M. Stange
Isaac McFarlin

Investing in Schools: Capital Spending, Facility Conditions, and Student Achievement
w21523 Dennis Epple
Richard E. Romano
Miguel Urquiola

School Vouchers: A Survey of the Economics Literature
w21525 Christopher Avery
Parag A. Pathak

The Distributional Consequences of Public School Choice
w21509 Guido Schwerdt
Martin R. West
Marcus A. Winters

The Effects of Test-based Retention on Student Outcomes over Time: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from Florida
w21509 Guido Schwerdt
Martin R. West
Marcus A. Winters

The Effects of Test-based Retention on Student Outcomes over Time: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from Florida
w21477 Roland G. Fryer
Jr.
Steven D. Levitt
John A. List

Parental Incentives and Early Childhood Achievement: A Field Experiment in Chicago Heights
w21451 Sarah J. Prenovitz
Gary R. Cohen
Ronald G. Ehrenberg
George H. Jakubson

An Evaluation of The Mellon Mays Undergraduate Fellowship's Effect on PhD Production at Non-UNCF Institutions
w21470 Amy Ellen Schwartz
Jacob Leos-Urbel
Matthew Wiswall

Making Summer Matter: The Impact of Youth Employment on Academic Performance
w21418 Timothy Conley
Nirav Mehta
Ralph Stinebrickner
Todd Stinebrickner

Social Interactions, Mechanisms, and Equilibrium: Evidence from a Model of Study Time and Academic Achievement
w21428 Sarah Baird
Joan Hamory Hicks
Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel

Worms at Work: Long-run Impacts of a Child Health Investment
w21432 Yan Lau
Harvey S. Rosen

Are Universities Becoming More Unequal?
w21432 Yan Lau
Harvey S. Rosen

Are Universities Becoming More Unequal?
w21395 Shaun Dougherty
Joshua Goodman
Darryl Hill
Erica Litke
Lindsay C. Page

Early Math Coursework and College Readiness: Evidence from Targeted Middle School Math Acceleration
w21395 Shaun Dougherty
Joshua Goodman
Darryl Hill
Erica Litke
Lindsay C. Page

Early Math Coursework and College Readiness: Evidence from Targeted Middle School Math Acceleration
w21393 Markus Nagler
Marc Piopiunik
Martin R. West

Weak Markets, Strong Teachers: Recession at Career Start and Teacher Effectiveness
w21402 Hitoshi Shigeoka
School Entry Cutoff Date and the Timing of Births
w21407 Jaegeum Lim
Jonathan Meer

The Impact of Teacher-Student Gender Matches: Random Assignment Evidence from South Korea
w21407 Jaegeum Lim
Jonathan Meer

The Impact of Teacher-Student Gender Matches: Random Assignment Evidence from South Korea
w21360 Stefano DellaVigna
Eliana La Ferrara

Economic and Social Impacts of the Media
w21368 Sandra E. Black
Kalena E. Cortes
Jane Arnold Lincove

Apply Yourself: Racial and Ethnic Differences in College Application
w21368 Sandra E. Black
Kalena E. Cortes
Jane Arnold Lincove

Apply Yourself: Racial and Ethnic Differences in College Application
w21368 Sandra E. Black
Kalena E. Cortes
Jane Arnold Lincove

Apply Yourself: Racial and Ethnic Differences in College Application
w21330 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Anely Ramirez
Seth D. Zimmerman

(Un)Informed College and Major Choice: Evidence from Linked Survey and Administrative Data
w21330 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Anely Ramirez
Seth D. Zimmerman

(Un)Informed College and Major Choice: Evidence from Linked Survey and Administrative Data
w21330 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Anely Ramirez
Seth D. Zimmerman

(Un)Informed College and Major Choice: Evidence from Linked Survey and Administrative Data
w21330 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Anely Ramirez
Seth D. Zimmerman

(Un)Informed College and Major Choice: Evidence from Linked Survey and Administrative Data
w21345 David Powell
Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
Mireille Jacobson

Do Medical Marijuana Laws Reduce Addictions and Deaths Related to Pain Killers?
w21359 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Ayushi Narayan

Who Needs a Fracking Education? The Educational Response to Low-Skill Biased Technological Change
w21317 John Cawley
Anna Choi

Health Disparities Across Education: The Role of Differential Reporting Error
w21317 John Cawley
Anna Choi

Health Disparities Across Education: The Role of Differential Reporting Error
w21306 Benjamin Faber
Rosa Sanchis-Guarner
Felix Weinhardt

ICT and Education: Evidence from Student Home Addresses
w21283 Barbara M. Fraumeni
Choosing a Human Capital Measure: Educational Attainment Gaps and Rankings
w21295 Eric A. Hanushek
Jens Ruhose
Ludger Woessmann

Human Capital Quality and Aggregate Income Differences: Development Accounting for U.S. States
w21300 Justine Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

The Effects of Earnings Disclosure on College Enrollment Decisions
w21300 Justine Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

The Effects of Earnings Disclosure on College Enrollment Decisions
w21300 Justine Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

The Effects of Earnings Disclosure on College Enrollment Decisions
w21300 Justine Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

The Effects of Earnings Disclosure on College Enrollment Decisions
w21256 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano
Ron Zimmer

Charter Schools: A Survey of Research on Their Characteristics and Effectiveness
w21256 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano
Ron Zimmer

Charter Schools: A Survey of Research on Their Characteristics and Effectiveness
w21271 Harvey S. Rosen
Alexander J. W. Sappington

What Do University Endowment Managers Worry About? An Analysis of Alternative Asset Investments and Background Income
w21271 Harvey S. Rosen
Alexander J. W. Sappington

What Do University Endowment Managers Worry About? An Analysis of Alternative Asset Investments and Background Income
w21229 Melissa S. Kearney
Phillip B. Levine

Early Childhood Education by MOOC: Lessons from Sesame Street
w21230 W. Bentley MacLeod
Evan Riehl
Juan E. Saavedra
Miguel Urquiola

The Big Sort: College Reputation and Labor Market Outcomes
w21230 W. Bentley MacLeod
Evan Riehl
Juan E. Saavedra
Miguel Urquiola

The Big Sort: College Reputation and Labor Market Outcomes
w21230 W. Bentley MacLeod
Evan Riehl
Juan E. Saavedra
Miguel Urquiola

The Big Sort: College Reputation and Labor Market Outcomes
w21230 W. Bentley MacLeod
Evan Riehl
Juan E. Saavedra
Miguel Urquiola

The Big Sort: College Reputation and Labor Market Outcomes
w21230 W. Bentley MacLeod
Evan Riehl
Juan E. Saavedra
Miguel Urquiola

The Big Sort: College Reputation and Labor Market Outcomes
w21232 Dario Cestau
Dennis Epple
Holger Sieg

Admitting Students to Selective Education Programs: Merit, Profiling, and Affirmative Action
w21206 Alison Evans Cuellar
Dhaval M. Dave

Causal Effects of Mental Health Treatment on Education Outcomes for Youth in the Justice System
w21207 Stefanie Stantcheva
Optimal Taxation and Human Capital Policies over the Life Cycle
w21207 Stefanie Stantcheva
Optimal Taxation and Human Capital Policies over the Life Cycle
w21207 Stefanie Stantcheva
Optimal Taxation and Human Capital Policies over the Life Cycle
w21183 Xiaodong Fan
Hanming Fang
Simen Markussen

Mothers' Employment and Children's Educational Gender Gap
w21177 Stefanie Stantcheva
Optimal Income, Education, and Bequest Taxes in an Intergenerational Model
w21178 Sara B. Heller
Anuj K. Shah
Jonathan Guryan
Jens Ludwig
Sendhil Mullainathan
Harold A. Pollack

Thinking, Fast and Slow? Some Field Experiments to Reduce Crime and Dropout in Chicago
w21148 Amrita Ahuja
Sarah Baird
Joan Hamory Hicks
Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel
Shawn Powers

When Should Governments Subsidize Health? The Case of Mass Deworming
w21148 Amrita Ahuja
Sarah Baird
Joan Hamory Hicks
Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel
Shawn Powers

When Should Governments Subsidize Health? The Case of Mass Deworming
w21148 Amrita Ahuja
Sarah Baird
Joan Hamory Hicks
Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel
Shawn Powers

When Should Governments Subsidize Health? The Case of Mass Deworming
w21147 Jonathan Smith
Michael Hurwitz
Christopher Avery

Giving College Credit Where it is Due: Advanced Placement Exam Scores and College Outcomes
w21147 Jonathan Smith
Michael Hurwitz
Christopher Avery

Giving College Credit Where it is Due: Advanced Placement Exam Scores and College Outcomes
w21126 Jessie Handbury
Ilya Rahkovsky
Molly Schnell

Is the Focus on Food Deserts Fruitless? Retail Access and Food Purchases Across the Socioeconomic Spectrum
w21130 Hans Fricke
Jeffrey Grogger
Andreas Steinmayr

Does Exposure to Economics Bring New Majors to the Field? Evidence from a natural Experiment.
w21130 Hans Fricke
Jeffrey Grogger
Andreas Steinmayr

Does Exposure to Economics Bring New Majors to the Field? Evidence from a natural Experiment.
w21135 Dylan Conger
Lesley J. Turner

The Impact of Tuition Increases on Undocumented College Students' Attainment
w21137 Ann Huff Stevens
Michal Kurlaender
Michel Grosz

Career Technical Education and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from California Community Colleges
w21137 Ann Huff Stevens
Michal Kurlaender
Michel Grosz

Career Technical Education and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from California Community Colleges
w21138 Adriana D. Kugler
Santosh Kumar

Preference for Boys, Family Size and Educational Attainment in India
w21081 Richard B. Freeman
Wei Huang

China's "Great Leap Forward" in Science and Engineering
w21081 Richard B. Freeman
Wei Huang

China's "Great Leap Forward" in Science and Engineering
w21078 Helen F. Ladd
Charles T. Clotfelter
John B. Holbein

The Growing Segmentation of the Charter School Sector in North Carolina
w21063 Pedro Carneiro
Oswald Koussihouèdé
Nathalie Lahire
Costas Meghir
Corina Mommaerts

Decentralizing Education Resources: School Grants in Senegal
w21063 Pedro Carneiro
Oswald Koussihouèdé
Nathalie Lahire
Costas Meghir
Corina Mommaerts

Decentralizing Education Resources: School Grants in Senegal
w21065 John Kennan
Spatial Variation in Higher Education Financing and the Supply of College Graduates
w21065 John Kennan
Spatial Variation in Higher Education Financing and the Supply of College Graduates
w21043 Sandra E. Black
Paul J. Devereux
Petter Lundborg
Kaveh Majlesi

Learning to Take Risks? The Effect of Education on Risk-Taking in Financial Markets
w21043 Sandra E. Black
Paul J. Devereux
Petter Lundborg
Kaveh Majlesi

Learning to Take Risks? The Effect of Education on Risk-Taking in Financial Markets
w21046 Atila Abdulkadiroğlu
Nikhil Agarwal
Parag A. Pathak

The Welfare Effects of Coordinated Assignment: Evidence from the NYC HS Match
w21055 Seth Gershenson
Erdal Tekin

The Effect of Community Traumatic Events on Student Achievement: Evidence from the Beltway Sniper Attacks
w21055 Seth Gershenson
Erdal Tekin

The Effect of Community Traumatic Events on Student Achievement: Evidence from the Beltway Sniper Attacks
w21023 Elizabeth M. Caucutt
Lance Lochner
Youngmin Park

Correlation, Consumption, Confusion, or Constraints: Why do Poor Children Perform so Poorly?
w21023 Elizabeth M. Caucutt
Lance Lochner
Youngmin Park

Correlation, Consumption, Confusion, or Constraints: Why do Poor Children Perform so Poorly?
w20990 Scott A. Imberman
Michael Naretta
Margaret O’Rourke

Capitalization of Charter Schools into Residential Property Values
w20990 Scott A. Imberman
Michael Naretta
Margaret O’Rourke

Capitalization of Charter Schools into Residential Property Values
w20996 Joshua Goodman
Michael Hurwitz
Jonathan Smith

Access to Four-Year Public Colleges and Degree Completion
w20996 Joshua Goodman
Michael Hurwitz
Jonathan Smith

Access to Four-Year Public Colleges and Degree Completion
w20965 Orazio Attanasio
Sarah Cattan
Emla Fitzsimons
Costas Meghir
Marta Rubio-Codina

Estimating the Production Function for Human Capital: Results from a Randomized Control Trial in Colombia
w20965 Orazio Attanasio
Sarah Cattan
Emla Fitzsimons
Costas Meghir
Marta Rubio-Codina

Estimating the Production Function for Human Capital: Results from a Randomized Control Trial in Colombia
w20965 Orazio Attanasio
Sarah Cattan
Emla Fitzsimons
Costas Meghir
Marta Rubio-Codina

Estimating the Production Function for Human Capital: Results from a Randomized Control Trial in Colombia
w20962 Peter Arcidiacono
Michael Lovenheim

Affirmative Action and the Quality-Fit Tradeoff
w20962 Peter Arcidiacono
Michael Lovenheim

Affirmative Action and the Quality-Fit Tradeoff
w20962 Peter Arcidiacono
Michael Lovenheim

Affirmative Action and the Quality-Fit Tradeoff
w20929 Laura R. Wherry
Sarah Miller
Robert Kaestner
Bruce D. Meyer

Childhood Medicaid Coverage and Later Life Health Care Utilization
w20940 Scott E. Carrell
Mark Hoekstra
James E. West

The Impact of Intergroup Contact on Racial Attitudes and Revealed Preferences
w20918 Jonathan Guryan
James S. Kim
Kyung Park

Motivation and Incentives in Education: Evidence from a Summer Reading Experiment
w20890 David J. Deming
Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz
Noam Yuchtman

Can Online Learning Bend the Higher Education Cost Curve?
w20890 David J. Deming
Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz
Noam Yuchtman

Can Online Learning Bend the Higher Education Cost Curve?
w20849 Lance Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Student Loans and Repayment: Theory, Evidence and Policy
w20849 Lance Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Student Loans and Repayment: Theory, Evidence and Policy
w20847 C. Kirabo Jackson
Rucker C. Johnson
Claudia Persico

The Effects of School Spending on Educational and Economic Outcomes: Evidence from School Finance Reforms
w20847 C. Kirabo Jackson
Rucker C. Johnson
Claudia Persico

The Effects of School Spending on Educational and Economic Outcomes: Evidence from School Finance Reforms
w20850 Benjamin M. Marx
Lesley J. Turner

Borrowing Trouble? Student Loans, the Cost of Borrowing, and Implications for the Effectiveness of Need-Based Grant Aid
w20861 Caroline Hoxby
Sarah Turner

What High-Achieving Low-Income Students Know About College
w20861 Caroline Hoxby
Sarah Turner

What High-Achieving Low-Income Students Know About College
w20861 Caroline Hoxby
Sarah Turner

What High-Achieving Low-Income Students Know About College
w20861 Caroline Hoxby
Sarah Turner

What High-Achieving Low-Income Students Know About College
w20861 Caroline Hoxby
Sarah Turner

What High-Achieving Low-Income Students Know About College
w20861 Caroline Hoxby
Sarah Turner

What High-Achieving Low-Income Students Know About College
w20864 Celeste K. Carruthers
Marianne H. Wanamaker

Municipal Housekeeping: The Impact of Women's Suffrage on Public Education
w20833 George B. Bulman
Caroline M. Hoxby

The Returns to the Federal Tax Credits for Higher Education
w20833 George B. Bulman
Caroline M. Hoxby

The Returns to the Federal Tax Credits for Higher Education
w20833 George B. Bulman
Caroline M. Hoxby

The Returns to the Federal Tax Credits for Higher Education
w20833 George B. Bulman
Caroline M. Hoxby

The Returns to the Federal Tax Credits for Higher Education
2014
w20802 John P. Papay
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

Income-based Inequality in Educational Outcomes: Learning from State Longitudinal Data Systems
w20802 John P. Papay
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

Income-based Inequality in Educational Outcomes: Learning from State Longitudinal Data Systems
w20802 John P. Papay
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

Income-based Inequality in Educational Outcomes: Learning from State Longitudinal Data Systems
w20802 John P. Papay
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

Income-based Inequality in Educational Outcomes: Learning from State Longitudinal Data Systems
w20804 Sandra E. Black
Kalena E. Cortes
Jane Arnold Lincove

Efficacy vs. Equity: What Happens When States Tinker with College Admissions in a Race-Blind Era?
w20804 Sandra E. Black
Kalena E. Cortes
Jane Arnold Lincove

Efficacy vs. Equity: What Happens When States Tinker with College Admissions in a Race-Blind Era?
w20804 Sandra E. Black
Kalena E. Cortes
Jane Arnold Lincove

Efficacy vs. Equity: What Happens When States Tinker with College Admissions in a Race-Blind Era?
w20811 Anirban Basu
Andrew M. Jones
Pedro Rosa Dias

The Roles of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills in Moderating the Effects of Mixed-Ability Schools on Long-Term Health
w20784 Esther Duflo
Pascaline Dupas
Michael Kremer

Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya
w20792 Atila Abdulkadiroğlu
Joshua D. Angrist
Peter D. Hull
Parag A. Pathak

Charters Without Lotteries: Testing Takeovers in New Orleans and Boston
w20792 Atila Abdulkadiroğlu
Joshua D. Angrist
Peter D. Hull
Parag A. Pathak

Charters Without Lotteries: Testing Takeovers in New Orleans and Boston
w20792 Atila Abdulkadiroğlu
Joshua D. Angrist
Peter D. Hull
Parag A. Pathak

Charters Without Lotteries: Testing Takeovers in New Orleans and Boston
w20800 Joshua Angrist
David Autor
Sally Hudson
Amanda Pallais

Leveling Up: Early Results from a Randomized Evaluation of Post-Secondary Aid
w20800 Joshua Angrist
David Autor
Sally Hudson
Amanda Pallais

Leveling Up: Early Results from a Randomized Evaluation of Post-Secondary Aid
w20800 Joshua Angrist
David Autor
Sally Hudson
Amanda Pallais

Leveling Up: Early Results from a Randomized Evaluation of Post-Secondary Aid
w20800 Joshua Angrist
David Autor
Sally Hudson
Amanda Pallais

Leveling Up: Early Results from a Randomized Evaluation of Post-Secondary Aid
w20764 Resul Cesur
Bahadir Dursun
Naci Mocan

The Impact of Education on Health and Health Behavior in a Middle-Income, Low-Education Country
w20764 Resul Cesur
Bahadir Dursun
Naci Mocan

The Impact of Education on Health and Health Behavior in a Middle-Income, Low-Education Country
w20764 Resul Cesur
Bahadir Dursun
Naci Mocan

The Impact of Education on Health and Health Behavior in a Middle-Income, Low-Education Country
w20774 Christopher Avery
Alvin E. Roth
Soohyung Lee

College Admissions as Non-Price Competition: The Case of South Korea
w20775 Nikhil Agarwal
Paulo Somaini

Demand Analysis using Strategic Reports: An application to a school choice mechanism
w20779 Steven W. Hemelt
Kevin M. Stange

Marginal Pricing and Student Investment in Higher Education
w20781 Joseph G. Altonji
Richard K. Mansfield

Group-Average Observables as Controls for Sorting on Unobservables When Estimating Group Treatment Effects: the Case of School and Neighborhood Effects
w20781 Joseph G. Altonji
Richard K. Mansfield

Group-Average Observables as Controls for Sorting on Unobservables When Estimating Group Treatment Effects: the Case of School and Neighborhood Effects
w20781 Joseph G. Altonji
Richard K. Mansfield

Group-Average Observables as Controls for Sorting on Unobservables When Estimating Group Treatment Effects: the Case of School and Neighborhood Effects
w20740 Steven Venti
David A. Wise

The Long Reach of Education: Early Retirement
w20749 Tim Kautz
James J. Heckman
Ron Diris
Bas ter Weel
Lex Borghans

Fostering and Measuring Skills: Improving Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills to Promote Lifetime Success
w20722 Soohyung Lee
Lesley J. Turner
Seokjin Woo
Kyunghee Kim

All or Nothing? The Impact of School and Classroom Gender Composition on Effort and Academic Achievement
w20722 Soohyung Lee
Lesley J. Turner
Seokjin Woo
Kyunghee Kim

All or Nothing? The Impact of School and Classroom Gender Composition on Effort and Academic Achievement
w20727 Eric A. Hanushek
Marc Piopiunik
Simon Wiederhold

The Value of Smarter Teachers: International Evidence on Teacher Cognitive Skills and Student Performance
w20714 Leonardo Bursztyn
Robert Jensen

How Does Peer Pressure Affect Educational Investments?
w20689 Jonathan Guryan
James S. Kim
David M. Quinn

Does Reading During the Summer Build Reading Skills? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in 463 Classrooms
w20701 Levon Barseghyan
Damon Clark
Stephen Coate

Public School Choice: An Economic Analysis
w20657 Andrew Bacher-Hicks
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Validating Teacher Effect Estimates Using Changes in Teacher Assignments in Los Angeles
w20659 Benjamin N. York
Susanna Loeb

One Step at a Time: The Effects of an Early Literacy Text Messaging Program for Parents of Preschoolers
w20659 Benjamin N. York
Susanna Loeb

One Step at a Time: The Effects of an Early Literacy Text Messaging Program for Parents of Preschoolers
w20659 Benjamin N. York
Susanna Loeb

One Step at a Time: The Effects of an Early Literacy Text Messaging Program for Parents of Preschoolers
w20639 Christopher Walters
Inputs in the Production of Early Childhood Human Capital: Evidence from Head Start
w20640 Christopher R. Walters
The Demand for Effective Charter Schools
w20645 Patrick L. Baude
Marcus Casey
Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

The Evolution of Charter School Quality
w20645 Patrick L. Baude
Marcus Casey
Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

The Evolution of Charter School Quality
w20645 Patrick L. Baude
Marcus Casey
Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

The Evolution of Charter School Quality
w20647 Victor Lavy
Avraham Ebenstein
Sefi Roth

The Long Run Human Capital and Economic Consequences of High-Stakes Examinations
w20647 Victor Lavy
Avraham Ebenstein
Sefi Roth

The Long Run Human Capital and Economic Consequences of High-Stakes Examinations
w20648 Victor Lavy
Avraham Ebenstein
Sefi Roth

The Impact of Short Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution on Cognitive Performance and Human Capital Formation
w20653 Martha J. Bailey
Andrew Goodman-Bacon

The War on Poverty's Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers and the Mortality of Older Americans
w20618 Sandro Ambuehl
B. Douglas Bernheim
Annamaria Lusardi

The Effect of Financial Education on the Quality of Decision Making
w20622 Phillipp Eisenhauer
James J. Heckman
Stefano Mosso

Estimation of Dynamic Discrete Choice Models by Maximum Likelihood and the Simulated Method of Moments
w20626 Peter Arcidiacono
V. Joseph Hotz
Arnaud Maurel
Teresa Romano

Recovering Ex Ante Returns and Preferences for Occupations using Subjective Expectations Data
w20629 Prasad Krishnamurthy
Aaron Edlin

Affirmative Action and Stereotypes in Higher Education Admissions
w20629 Prasad Krishnamurthy
Aaron Edlin

Affirmative Action and Stereotypes in Higher Education Admissions
w20595 Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Donna K. Ginther
Ted Juhl
Joseph Heppert

The Effects of Research & Development Funding On Scientific Productivity: Academic Chemistry, 1990-2009
w20609 Adam M. Lavecchia
Heidi Liu
Philip Oreopoulos

Behavioral Economics of Education: Progress and Possibilities
w20582 Maria Donovan Fitzpatrick
How Much Are Public School Teachers Willing to Pay for Their Retirement Benefits?
w20557 Naci Mocan
Luiza Pogorelova

Compulsory Schooling Laws and Formation of Beliefs: Education, Religion and Superstition
w20557 Naci Mocan
Luiza Pogorelova

Compulsory Schooling Laws and Formation of Beliefs: Education, Religion and Superstition
w20521 Richard B. Freeman
Immigration, International Collaboration, and Innovation: Science and Technology Policy in the Global Economy
w20528 David J. Deming
Noam Yuchtman
Amira Abulafi
Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

The Value of Postsecondary Credentials in the Labor Market: An Experimental Study
w20505 John Bound
Murat Demirci
Gaurav Khanna
Sarah Turner

Finishing Degrees and Finding Jobs: U.S. Higher Education and the Flow of Foreign IT Workers
w20511 Thomas Ahn
Jacob Vigdor

The Impact of No Child Left Behind's Accountability Sanctions on School Performance: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from North Carolina
w20475 Sebastian Edwards
Alvaro Garcia Marin

Constitutional Rights and Education: An International Comparative Study
w20475 Sebastian Edwards
Alvaro Garcia Marin

Constitutional Rights and Education: An International Comparative Study
w20453 David Card
Laura Giuliano

Does Gifted Education Work? For Which Students?
w20453 David Card
Laura Giuliano

Does Gifted Education Work? For Which Students?
w20430 Philip Oreopoulos
Robert S. Brown
Adam M. Lavecchia

Pathways to Education: An Integrated Approach to Helping At-Risk High School Students
w20434 Marianne P. Bitler
Hilary W. Hoynes
Thurston Domina

Experimental Evidence on Distributional Effects of Head Start
w20443 Stacey H. Chen
Yen-Chien Chen
Jin-Tan Liu

The Impact of Family Composition on Educational Achievement
w20407 Charles M. Becker
Cecilia Elena Rouse
Mingyu Chen

Can a Summer Make a Difference? The Impact of the American Economic Association Summer Program on Minority Student Outcomes
w20407 Charles M. Becker
Cecilia Elena Rouse
Mingyu Chen

Can a Summer Make a Difference? The Impact of the American Economic Association Summer Program on Minority Student Outcomes
w20383 Rachel Heath
A. Mushfiq Mobarak

Manufacturing Growth and the Lives of Bangladeshi Women
w20329 Judith Scott-Clayton
Veronica Minaya

Should Student Employment Be Subsidized? Conditional Counterfactuals and the Outcomes of Work-Study Participation
w20329 Judith Scott-Clayton
Veronica Minaya

Should Student Employment Be Subsidized? Conditional Counterfactuals and the Outcomes of Work-Study Participation
w20308 Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach
Mary Zaki

Expanding the School Breakfast Program: Impacts on Children's Consumption, Nutrition and Health
w20321 Thomas Ahn
Jacob L. Vigdor

When Incentives Matter Too Much: Explaining Significant Responses to Irrelevant Information
w20284 Alejandro J. Ganimian
Richard J. Murnane

Improving Educational Outcomes in Developing Countries: Lessons from Rigorous Impact Evaluations
w20284 Alejandro J. Ganimian
Richard J. Murnane

Improving Educational Outcomes in Developing Countries: Lessons from Rigorous Impact Evaluations
w20284 Alejandro J. Ganimian
Richard J. Murnane

Improving Educational Outcomes in Developing Countries: Lessons from Rigorous Impact Evaluations
w20299 Karthik Muralidharan
Jishnu Das
Alaka Holla
Aakash Mohpal

The Fiscal Cost of Weak Governance: Evidence from Teacher Absence in India
w20268 Bruce I. Carlin
Li Jiang
Stephen A. Spiller

Learning Millennial-Style
w20271 Lasse Eika
Magne Mogstad
Basit Zafar

Educational Assortative Mating and Household Income Inequality
w20262 Kate Ambler
Diego Aycinena
Dean Yang

Channeling Remittances to Education: A Field Experiment Among Migrants from El Salvador
w20243 Benjamin Hansen
Punishment and Deterrence: Evidence from Drunk Driving
w20195 Melissa S. Kearney
Phillip B. Levine

Income Inequality, Social Mobility, and the Decision to Drop Out of High School
w20211 Kalena Cortes
Joshua Goodman
Takako Nomi

Intensive Math Instruction and Educational Attainment: Long-Run Impacts of Double-Dose Algebra
w20211 Kalena Cortes
Joshua Goodman
Takako Nomi

Intensive Math Instruction and Educational Attainment: Long-Run Impacts of Double-Dose Algebra
w20211 Kalena Cortes
Joshua Goodman
Takako Nomi

Intensive Math Instruction and Educational Attainment: Long-Run Impacts of Double-Dose Algebra
w20221 Joshua Goodman
Flaking Out: Student Absences and Snow Days as Disruptions of Instructional Time
w20221 Joshua Goodman
Flaking Out: Student Absences and Snow Days as Disruptions of Instructional Time
w20221 Joshua Goodman
Flaking Out: Student Absences and Snow Days as Disruptions of Instructional Time
w20173 Joshua D. Angrist
Erich Battistin
Daniela Vuri

In a Small Moment: Class Size and Moral Hazard in the Mezzogiorno
w20173 Joshua D. Angrist
Erich Battistin
Daniela Vuri

In a Small Moment: Class Size and Moral Hazard in the Mezzogiorno
w20178 Sarah Cohodes
Daniel Grossman
Samuel Kleiner
Michael F. Lovenheim

The Effect of Child Health Insurance Access on Schooling: Evidence from Public Insurance Expansions
w20178 Sarah Cohodes
Daniel Grossman
Samuel Kleiner
Michael F. Lovenheim

The Effect of Child Health Insurance Access on Schooling: Evidence from Public Insurance Expansions
w20156 David Cutler
Wei Huang
Adriana Lleras-Muney

When Does Education Matter? The Protective Effect of Education for Cohorts Graduating in Bad Times
w20112 Davide Cantoni
Yuyu Chen
David Y. Yang
Noam Yuchtman
Y. Jane Zhang

Curriculum and Ideology
w20118 C. Kirabo Jackson
Rucker Johnson
Claudia Persico

The Effect of School Finance Reforms on the Distribution of Spending, Academic Achievement, and Adult Outcomes
w20056 Randall Walsh
Michael LeGower

Promise Scholarship Programs as Place-Making Policy: Evidence from School Enrollment and Housing Prices
w20056 Randall Walsh
Michael LeGower

Promise Scholarship Programs as Place-Making Policy: Evidence from School Enrollment and Housing Prices
w20037 Annamaria Conti
Christopher C. Liu

The (Changing) Knowledge Production Function: Evidence from the MIT Department of Biology for 1970-2000
w20037 Annamaria Conti
Christopher C. Liu

The (Changing) Knowledge Production Function: Evidence from the MIT Department of Biology for 1970-2000
w20037 Annamaria Conti
Christopher C. Liu

The (Changing) Knowledge Production Function: Evidence from the MIT Department of Biology for 1970-2000
w20012 Ajay K. Agrawal
John McHale
Alex Oettl

Why Stars Matter
w20013 Kala Krishna
Saziye P. Akyol

Preferences, Selection, and Value Added: A Structural Approach
w20013 Kala Krishna
Saziye P. Akyol

Preferences, Selection, and Value Added: A Structural Approach
w20006 Theodore J. Joyce
Sean Crockett
David A. Jaeger
Onur Altindag
Stephen D. O'Connell

Does Classroom Time Matter? A Randomized Field Experiment of Hybrid and Traditional Lecture Formats in Economics
w20006 Theodore J. Joyce
Sean Crockett
David A. Jaeger
Onur Altindag
Stephen D. O'Connell

Does Classroom Time Matter? A Randomized Field Experiment of Hybrid and Traditional Lecture Formats in Economics
w19971 James J. Heckman
John Eric Humphries
Greg Veramendi
Sergio S. Urzua

Education, Health and Wages
w19979 Sandra Black
Paul J. Devereux
Kjell Salvanes

Does grief transfer across generations? In-utero deaths and child outcomes
w19961 Mabel Andalón
Jenny Williams
Michael Grossman

Empowering Women: The Effect of Schooling on Young Women's Knowledge and Use of Contraception
w19933 Daron Acemoglu
Francisco Gallego
James A. Robinson

Institutions, Human Capital and Development
w19935 Rodney Andrews
Jing Li
Michael Lovenheim

Heterogeneous Paths Through College: Detailed Patterns and Relationships with Graduation and Earnings
w19935 Rodney Andrews
Jing Li
Michael Lovenheim

Heterogeneous Paths Through College: Detailed Patterns and Relationships with Graduation and Earnings
w19937 Weili Ding
Steven F. Lehrer

Understanding the Role of Time-Varying Unobserved Ability Heterogeneity in Education Production
w19925 James J. Heckman
Stefano Mosso

The Economics of Human Development and Social Mobility
w19925 James J. Heckman
Stefano Mosso

The Economics of Human Development and Social Mobility
w19925 James J. Heckman
Stefano Mosso

The Economics of Human Development and Social Mobility
w19915 Hugh Macartney
The Dynamic Effects of Educational Accountability
w19906 Morris M. Kleiner
Allison Marier
Kyoung Won Park
Coady Wing

Relaxing Occupational Licensing Requirements: Analyzing Wages and Prices for a Medical Service
w19882 Lance J. Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Default and Repayment Among Baccalaureate Degree Earners
w19882 Lance J. Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Default and Repayment Among Baccalaureate Degree Earners
w19882 Lance J. Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Default and Repayment Among Baccalaureate Degree Earners
w19863 Dean Karlan
Leigh L. Linden

Loose Knots: Strong versus Weak Commitments to Save for Education in Uganda
w19859 Parag A. Pathak
Peng Shi

Demand Modeling, Forecasting, and Counterfactuals, Part I
w19862 Philip J. Cook
Kenneth Dodge
George Farkas
Roland G. Fryer
Jr
Jonathan Guryan
Jens Ludwig
Susan Mayer
Harold Pollack
Laurence Steinberg

The (Surprising) Efficacy of Academic and Behavioral Intervention with Disadvantaged Youth: Results from a Randomized Experiment in Chicago
w19862 Philip J. Cook
Kenneth Dodge
George Farkas
Roland G. Fryer
Jr
Jonathan Guryan
Jens Ludwig
Susan Mayer
Harold Pollack
Laurence Steinberg

The (Surprising) Efficacy of Academic and Behavioral Intervention with Disadvantaged Youth: Results from a Randomized Experiment in Chicago
w19836 Dayanand S. Manoli
Nicholas Turner

Cash-on-Hand & College Enrollment: Evidence from Population Tax Data and Policy Nonlinearities
w19836 Dayanand S. Manoli
Nicholas Turner

Cash-on-Hand & College Enrollment: Evidence from Population Tax Data and Policy Nonlinearities
w19842 Sandra E. Black
Jane Arnold Lincove
Jenna Cullinane
Rachel Veron

Can You Leave High School Behind?
w19842 Sandra E. Black
Jane Arnold Lincove
Jenna Cullinane
Rachel Veron

Can You Leave High School Behind?
w19842 Sandra E. Black
Jane Arnold Lincove
Jenna Cullinane
Rachel Veron

Can You Leave High School Behind?
w19842 Sandra E. Black
Jane Arnold Lincove
Jenna Cullinane
Rachel Veron

Can You Leave High School Behind?
w19842 Sandra E. Black
Jane Arnold Lincove
Jenna Cullinane
Rachel Veron

Can You Leave High School Behind?
w19851 Daron Acemoglu
David Laibson
John A. List

Equalizing Superstars: The Internet and the Democratization of Education
w19851 Daron Acemoglu
David Laibson
John A. List

Equalizing Superstars: The Internet and the Democratization of Education
w19816 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Economics of Online Postsecondary Education: MOOCs, Nonselective Education, and Highly Selective Education
w19803 David J. Deming
Using School Choice Lotteries to Test Measures of School Effectiveness
w19803 David J. Deming
Using School Choice Lotteries to Test Measures of School Effectiveness
w19803 David J. Deming
Using School Choice Lotteries to Test Measures of School Effectiveness
w19785 Marianne Bitler
Hilary Hoynes
Elira Kuka

Do In-Work Tax Credits Serve as a Safety Net?
2013
w19769 Resul Cesur
Naci H. Mocan

Does Secular Education Impact Religiosity, Electoral Participation and the Propensity to Vote for Islamic Parties? Evidence from an Education Reform in a Muslim Country
w19769 Resul Cesur
Naci H. Mocan

Does Secular Education Impact Religiosity, Electoral Participation and the Propensity to Vote for Islamic Parties? Evidence from an Education Reform in a Muslim Country
w19774 Joshua Angrist
The Perils of Peer Effects
w19740 Gabriela Calderon
Jesse M. Cunha
Giacomo De Giorgi

Business Literacy and Development: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Mexico
w19762 Eric A. Hanushek
Guido Schwerdt
Simon Wiederhold
Ludger Woessmann

Returns to Skills around the World: Evidence from PIAAC
w19719 Pinar Karaca-Mandic
Jean M. Abraham
Kosali Simon
Roger Feldman

Going into the Affordable Care Act: Measuring the Size, Structure and Performance of the Individual and Small Group Markets for Health Insurance
w19735 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

The Impacts of Expanding Access to High-Quality Preschool Education
w19690 Tomas Cvrcek
Miroslav Zajicek

School, what is it good for? Useful Human Capital and the History of Public Education in Central Europe
w19700 Amitabh Chandra
Jonathan Holmes
Jonathan Skinner

Is This Time Different? The Slowdown in Healthcare Spending
w19716 Lance Lochner
Todd Stinebrickner
Utku Suleymanoglu

The Importance of Financial Resources for Student Loan Repayment
w19716 Lance Lochner
Todd Stinebrickner
Utku Suleymanoglu

The Importance of Financial Resources for Student Loan Repayment
w19716 Lance Lochner
Todd Stinebrickner
Utku Suleymanoglu

The Importance of Financial Resources for Student Loan Repayment
w19687 Paula Stephan
The Endless Frontier: Reaping what Bush Sowed?
w19687 Paula Stephan
The Endless Frontier: Reaping what Bush Sowed?
w19661 Carol H. Shiue
Human Capital and Fertility in Chinese Clans Before Modern Growth
w19663 Verónica Frisancho
Kala Krishna
Sergey Lychagin
Cemile Yavas

Better Luck Next Time: Learning Through Retaking
w19663 Verónica Frisancho
Kala Krishna
Sergey Lychagin
Cemile Yavas

Better Luck Next Time: Learning Through Retaking
w19656 James J. Heckman
Tim Kautz

Fostering and Measuring Skills: Interventions That Improve Character and Cognition
w19653 Ajay Agrawal
John McHale
Alexander Oettl

Collaboration, Stars, and the Changing Organization of Science: Evidence from Evolutionary Biology
w19607 David Lam
Cally Ardington
Nicola Branson
Murray Leibbrandt

Credit Constraints and the Racial Gap in Post-Secondary Education in South Africa
w19607 David Lam
Cally Ardington
Nicola Branson
Murray Leibbrandt

Credit Constraints and the Racial Gap in Post-Secondary Education in South Africa
w19597 Mehmet Alper Dinçer
Neeraj Kaushal
Michael Grossman

Women's Education: Harbinger of Another Spring? Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Turkey
w19597 Mehmet Alper Dinçer
Neeraj Kaushal
Michael Grossman

Women's Education: Harbinger of Another Spring? Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Turkey
w19562 Christopher Avery
Evaluation of the College Possible Program: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial
w19562 Christopher Avery
Evaluation of the College Possible Program: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial
w19576 Atila Abdulkadiroğlu
Weiwei Hu
Parag A. Pathak

Small High Schools and Student Achievement: Lottery-Based Evidence from New York City
w19576 Atila Abdulkadiroğlu
Weiwei Hu
Parag A. Pathak

Small High Schools and Student Achievement: Lottery-Based Evidence from New York City
w19542 V. Joseph Hotz
Juan Pantano

Strategic Parenting, Birth Order and School Performance
w19529 Thomas Dee
James Wyckoff

Incentives, Selection, and Teacher Performance: Evidence from IMPACT
w19546 Kala Krishna
Alexander Tarasov

Affirmative Action: One Size Does Not Fit All
w19552 Susan M. Dynarski
Steven W. Hemelt
Joshua M. Hyman

The Missing Manual: Using National Student Clearinghouse Data to Track Postsecondary Outcomes
w19552 Susan M. Dynarski
Steven W. Hemelt
Joshua M. Hyman

The Missing Manual: Using National Student Clearinghouse Data to Track Postsecondary Outcomes
w19552 Susan M. Dynarski
Steven W. Hemelt
Joshua M. Hyman

The Missing Manual: Using National Student Clearinghouse Data to Track Postsecondary Outcomes
w19517 Keith Brown
Cristian Tiu

The Interaction of Spending Policies, Asset Allocation Strategies, and Investment Performance at University Endowment Funds
w19517 Keith Brown
Cristian Tiu

The Interaction of Spending Policies, Asset Allocation Strategies, and Investment Performance at University Endowment Funds
w19524 Maria D. Fitzpatrick
Retiree Health Insurance for Public School Employees: Does it Affect Retirement?
w19524 Maria D. Fitzpatrick
Retiree Health Insurance for Public School Employees: Does it Affect Retirement?
w19528 Elizabeth Bodine-Baron
Sarah Nowak
Raffaello Varadavas
Neeraj Sood

Conforming and Non-conforming Peer Effects in Vaccination Decisions
w19440 Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

Contract Teachers: Experimental Evidence from India
w19464 Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman

Instruction Time, Classroom Quality, and Academic Achievement
w19464 Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman

Instruction Time, Classroom Quality, and Academic Achievement
w19464 Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman

Instruction Time, Classroom Quality, and Academic Achievement
w19464 Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman

Instruction Time, Classroom Quality, and Academic Achievement
w19471 Jan Feld
Nicolás Salamanca
Daniel S. Hamermesh

Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination
w19479 Sarah J. Baird
Ephraim Chirwa
Jacobus de Hoop
Berk Özler

Girl Power: Cash Transfers and Adolescent Welfare. Evidence from a Cluster-Randomized Experiment in Malawi
w19480 Amanda Pallais
Small Differences that Matter: Mistakes in Applying to College
w19480 Amanda Pallais
Small Differences that Matter: Mistakes in Applying to College
w19480 Amanda Pallais
Small Differences that Matter: Mistakes in Applying to College
w19444 David J. Deming
Sarah Cohodes
Jennifer Jennings
Christopher Jencks

School Accountability, Postsecondary Attainment and Earnings
w19444 David J. Deming
Sarah Cohodes
Jennifer Jennings
Christopher Jencks

School Accountability, Postsecondary Attainment and Earnings
w19441 Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

The Aggregate Effect of School Choice: Evidence from a Two-stage Experiment in India
w19406 David N. Figlio
Morton O. Schapiro
Kevin B. Soter

Are Tenure Track Professors Better Teachers?
w19413 Shelly Lundberg
Robert A. Pollak

Cohabitation and the Uneven Retreat from Marriage in the U.S., 1950-2010
w19380 Ross Levine
Yona Rubinstein

Liberty for More: Finance and Educational Opportunities
w19380 Ross Levine
Yona Rubinstein

Liberty for More: Finance and Educational Opportunities
w19380 Ross Levine
Yona Rubinstein

Liberty for More: Finance and Educational Opportunities
w19351 Lisa Barrow
Cecilia E. Rouse

Financial Incentives and Educational Investment: The Impact of Performance-Based Scholarships on Student Time Use
w19305 Karthik Muralidharan
Nishith Prakash

Cycling to School: Increasing Secondary School Enrollment for Girls in India
w19305 Karthik Muralidharan
Nishith Prakash

Cycling to School: Increasing Secondary School Enrollment for Girls in India
w19331 Nicole M. Fortin
Philip Oreopoulos
Shelley Phipps

Leaving Boys Behind: Gender Disparities in High Academic Achievement
w19341 Karthik Muralidharan
Ketki Sheth

Bridging Education Gender Gaps in Developing Countries: The Role of Female Teachers
w19281 Maria D. Fitzpatrick
Michael F. Lovenheim

Early Retirement Incentives and Student Achievement
w19281 Maria D. Fitzpatrick
Michael F. Lovenheim

Early Retirement Incentives and Student Achievement
w19286 Eleanor Wiske Dillon
Jeffrey Andrew Smith

The Determinants of Mismatch Between Students and Colleges
w19286 Eleanor Wiske Dillon
Jeffrey Andrew Smith

The Determinants of Mismatch Between Students and Colleges
w19298 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano
Sinan Sarpça
Holger Sieg

The U.S. Market for Higher Education: A General Equilibrium Analysis of State and Private Colleges and Public Funding Policies
w19306 Benjamin L. Castleman
Bridget Terry Long

Looking Beyond Enrollment: The Causal Effect of Need-Based Grants on College Access, Persistence, and Graduation
w19271 Marianne P. Bitler
Thurston Domina
Emily K. Penner
Hilary W. Hoynes

Distributional Effects of a School Voucher Program: Evidence from New York City
w19263 Yin-Chi Wang
Ping Wang

Barriers to Health and the Poverty Trap
w19275 Joshua D. Angrist
Sarah R. Cohodes
Susan M. Dynarski
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Stand and Deliver: Effects of Boston's Charter High Schools on College Preparation, Entry, and Choice
w19275 Joshua D. Angrist
Sarah R. Cohodes
Susan M. Dynarski
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Stand and Deliver: Effects of Boston's Charter High Schools on College Preparation, Entry, and Choice
w19275 Joshua D. Angrist
Sarah R. Cohodes
Susan M. Dynarski
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Stand and Deliver: Effects of Boston's Charter High Schools on College Preparation, Entry, and Choice
w19275 Joshua D. Angrist
Sarah R. Cohodes
Susan M. Dynarski
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Stand and Deliver: Effects of Boston's Charter High Schools on College Preparation, Entry, and Choice
w19227 Najy Benhassine
Florencia Devoto
Esther Duflo
Pascaline Dupas
Victor Pouliquen

Turning a Shove into a Nudge? A "Labeled Cash Transfer" for Education
w19233 James Feyrer
Dimitra Politi
David N. Weil

The Cognitive Effects of Micronutrient Deficiency: Evidence from Salt Iodization in the United States
w19241 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

Are Some Degrees Worth More than Others? Evidence from college admission cutoffs in Chile
w19241 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

Are Some Degrees Worth More than Others? Evidence from college admission cutoffs in Chile
w19241 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

Are Some Degrees Worth More than Others? Evidence from college admission cutoffs in Chile
w19241 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

Are Some Degrees Worth More than Others? Evidence from college admission cutoffs in Chile
w19243 Timothy N. Bond
Kevin Lang

The Black-White Education-Scaled Test-Score Gap in Grades K-7
w19214 Derek Neal
The Consequences of Using One Assessment System To Pursue Two Objectives
w19214 Derek Neal
The Consequences of Using One Assessment System To Pursue Two Objectives
w19215 Jason M. Fletcher
Stephen L. Ross
Yuxiu Zhang

The Determinants and Consequences of Friendship Composition
w19215 Jason M. Fletcher
Stephen L. Ross
Yuxiu Zhang

The Determinants and Consequences of Friendship Composition
w19222 Kasey Buckles
Andreas Hagemann
Ofer Malamud
Melinda S. Morrill
Abigail K. Wozniak

The Effect of College Education on Health
w19202 Giacomo De Giorgi
Michele Pellizzari

Understanding Social Interactions: Evidence from the Classroom
w19185 Paul Gertler
James Heckman
Rodrigo Pinto
Arianna Zanolini
Christel Vermeersch
Susan Walker
Susan M. Chang
Sally Grantham-McGregor

Labor Market Returns to Early Childhood Stimulation: a 20-year Followup to an Experimental Intervention in Jamaica
w19185 Paul Gertler
James Heckman
Rodrigo Pinto
Arianna Zanolini
Christel Vermeersch
Susan Walker
Susan M. Chang
Sally Grantham-McGregor

Labor Market Returns to Early Childhood Stimulation: a 20-year Followup to an Experimental Intervention in Jamaica
w19165 Ralph Stinebrickner
Todd R. Stinebrickner

A Major in Science? Initial Beliefs and Final Outcomes for College Major and Dropout
w19165 Ralph Stinebrickner
Todd R. Stinebrickner

A Major in Science? Initial Beliefs and Final Outcomes for College Major and Dropout
w19182 Olesya Baker
Kevin Lang

The Effect of High School Exit Exams on Graduation, Employment, Wages and Incarceration
w19182 Olesya Baker
Kevin Lang

The Effect of High School Exit Exams on Graduation, Employment, Wages and Incarceration
w19182 Olesya Baker
Kevin Lang

The Effect of High School Exit Exams on Graduation, Employment, Wages and Incarceration
w19183 Kevin M. Stange
Differential Pricing in Undergraduate Education: Effects on Degree Production by Field
w19183 Kevin M. Stange
Differential Pricing in Undergraduate Education: Effects on Degree Production by Field
w19183 Kevin M. Stange
Differential Pricing in Undergraduate Education: Effects on Degree Production by Field
w19188 Peter Arcidiacono
Cory Koedel

Race and College Success: Evidence from Missouri
w19138 Tomás Rau
Eugenio Rojas
Sergio Urzúa

Loans for Higher Education: Does the Dream Come True?
w19138 Tomás Rau
Eugenio Rojas
Sergio Urzúa

Loans for Higher Education: Does the Dream Come True?
w19144 Flávio Cunha
Irma Elo
Jennifer Culhane

Eliciting Maternal Expectations about the Technology of Cognitive Skill Formation
w19140 Manisha Shah
Bryce Millett Steinberg

Drought of Opportunities: Contemporaneous and Long Term Impacts of Rainfall Shocks on Human Capital
w19145 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

Donative Behavior at the End of Life
w19153 Douglas Almond
Hongbin Li
Shuang Zhang

Land Reform and Sex Selection in China
w19157 Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Does the Market Value Value-Added? Evidence from Housing Prices After a Public Release of School and Teacher Value-Added
w19128 Tom Vogl
Differential Fertility, Human Capital, and Development
w19135 Kevin Lang
Russell Weinstein

The Wage Effects of Not-for-Profit and For-Profit Certifications: Better Data, Somewhat Different Results
w19096 Allison Atteberry
Susanna Loeb
James Wyckoff

Do First Impressions Matter? Improvement in Early Career Teacher Effectiveness
w19108 Jason A. Grissom
Susanna Loeb
Nathaniel Nakashima

Strategic Involuntary Teacher Transfers and Teacher Performance: Examining Equity and Efficiency
w19113 Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Information and Student Achievement: Evidence from a Cellular Phone Experiment
w19077 James J. Heckman
Lakshmi K. Raut

Intergenerational Long Term Effects of Preschool - Structural Estimates from a Discrete Dynamic Programming Model
w19053 Philip Oreopoulos
Uros Petronijevic

Making College Worth It: A Review of Research on the Returns to Higher Education
w19049 Nora E. Gordon
High School Graduation in the Context of Changing Elementary and Secondary Education Policy and Income Inequality: The Last Half Century
w19049 Nora E. Gordon
High School Graduation in the Context of Changing Elementary and Secondary Education Policy and Income Inequality: The Last Half Century
w19049 Nora E. Gordon
High School Graduation in the Context of Changing Elementary and Secondary Education Policy and Income Inequality: The Last Half Century
w19049 Nora E. Gordon
High School Graduation in the Context of Changing Elementary and Secondary Education Policy and Income Inequality: The Last Half Century
w19060 Robert W. Fairlie
Jonathan Robinson

Experimental Evidence on the Effects of Home Computers on Academic Achievement among Schoolchildren
w19031 Scott E. Carrell
Bruce Sacerdote

Why Do College Going Interventions Work?
w19007 Richard Blundell
Monica Costa Dias
Costas Meghir
Jonathan M. Shaw

Female Labour Supply, Human Capital and Welfare Reform
w19014 Sara Heller
Harold A. Pollack
Roseanna Ander
Jens Ludwig

Preventing Youth Violence and Dropout: A Randomized Field Experiment
w18987 Sandra E. Black
Aline Bütikofer
Paul J. Devereux
Kjell G. Salvanes

This Is Only a Test? Long-Run Impacts of Prenatal Exposure to Radioactive Fallout
w18988 Elizabeth Davidson
Randall Reback
Jonah E. Rockoff
Heather L. Schwartz

Fifty Ways to Leave a Child Behind: Idiosyncrasies and Discrepancies in States' Implementation of NCLB
w18988 Elizabeth Davidson
Randall Reback
Jonah E. Rockoff
Heather L. Schwartz

Fifty Ways to Leave a Child Behind: Idiosyncrasies and Discrepancies in States' Implementation of NCLB
w18971 Peter Boone
Ila Fazzio
Kameshwari Jandhyala
Chitra Jayanty
Gangadhar Jayanty
Simon Johnson
Vimala Ramachandrin
Filipa Silva
Zhaoguo Zhan

The Surprisingly Dire Situation of Children's Education in Rural West Africa: Results from the CREO Study in Guinea-Bissau (Comprehensive Review of Education Outcomes)
w18981 Umut M. Dur
Scott Duke Kominers
Parag A. Pathak
Tayfun Sönmez

The Demise of Walk Zones in Boston: Priorities vs. Precedence in School Choice
w18945 Todd Stinebrickner
Ralph Stinebrickner

Academic Performance and College Dropout: Using Longitudinal Expectations Data to Estimate a Learning Model
w18945 Todd Stinebrickner
Ralph Stinebrickner

Academic Performance and College Dropout: Using Longitudinal Expectations Data to Estimate a Learning Model
w18945 Todd Stinebrickner
Ralph Stinebrickner

Academic Performance and College Dropout: Using Longitudinal Expectations Data to Estimate a Learning Model
w18915 Tomás Rau
Loreto Reyes
Sergio S. Urzúa

The Long-term Effects of Early Lead Exposure: Evidence from a case of Environmental Negligence
w18889 Lisa Barrow
Amy Claessens
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

The Impact of Chicago's Small High School Initiative
w18889 Lisa Barrow
Amy Claessens
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

The Impact of Chicago's Small High School Initiative
w18846 David N. Figlio
Jonathan Guryan
Krzysztof Karbownik
Jeffrey Roth

The Effects of Poor Neonatal Health on Children's Cognitive Development
w18846 David N. Figlio
Jonathan Guryan
Krzysztof Karbownik
Jeffrey Roth

The Effects of Poor Neonatal Health on Children's Cognitive Development
w18848 Courtney A. Collins
Li Gan

Does Sorting Students Improve Scores? An Analysis of Class Composition
w18817 Loreto Reyes
Jorge Rodríguez
Sergio S. Urzúa

Heterogeneous Economic Returns to Postsecondary Degrees: Evidence from Chile
w18817 Loreto Reyes
Jorge Rodríguez
Sergio S. Urzúa

Heterogeneous Economic Returns to Postsecondary Degrees: Evidence from Chile
w18818 Diether W. Beuermann
Julian P. Cristia
Yyannu Cruz-Aguayo
Santiago Cueto
Ofer Malamud

Home Computers and Child Outcomes: Short-Term Impacts from a Randomized Experiment in Peru
w18832 Jerome Adda
Christian Dustmann
Costas Meghir
Jean-Marc Robin

Career Progression, Economic Downturns, and Skills
w18799 Peter Arcidiacono
Esteban M. Aucejo
V. Joseph Hotz

University Differences in the Graduation of Minorities in STEM Fields: Evidence from California
w18812 Barbara L. Wolfe
Jason Fletcher

Estimating Benefits from University-Level Diversity
w18812 Barbara L. Wolfe
Jason Fletcher

Estimating Benefits from University-Level Diversity
w18812 Barbara L. Wolfe
Jason Fletcher

Estimating Benefits from University-Level Diversity
w18812 Barbara L. Wolfe
Jason Fletcher

Estimating Benefits from University-Level Diversity
w18812 Barbara L. Wolfe
Jason Fletcher

Estimating Benefits from University-Level Diversity
w18812 Barbara L. Wolfe
Jason Fletcher

Estimating Benefits from University-Level Diversity
w18776 Alberto Chong
Marco Gonzalez-Navarro
Dean Karlan
Martin Valdivia

Effectiveness and Spillovers of Online Sex Education: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Colombian Public Schools
w18782 Brant Abbott
Giovanni Gallipoli
Costas Meghir
Giovanni L. Violante

Education Policy and Intergenerational Transfers in Equilibrium
w18785 Michael J. Kottelenberg
Steven F. Lehrer

New Evidence on the Impacts of Access to and Attending Universal Childcare in Canada
w18791 Philip J. Cook
Songman Kang

Birthdays, Schooling, and Crime: New Evidence on the Dropout-Crime Nexus
w18749 Michael F. Lovenheim
Emily G. Owens

Does Federal Financial Aid Affect College Enrollment? Evidence from Drug Offenders and the Higher Education Act of 1998
w18744 Massimo Anelli
Giovanni Peri

Peer Gender Composition and Choice of College Major
w18745 Brian Jacob
Brian McCall
Kevin M. Stange

College as Country Club: Do Colleges Cater to Students' Preferences for Consumption?
w18745 Brian Jacob
Brian McCall
Kevin M. Stange

College as Country Club: Do Colleges Cater to Students' Preferences for Consumption?
w18745 Brian Jacob
Brian McCall
Kevin M. Stange

College as Country Club: Do Colleges Cater to Students' Preferences for Consumption?
w18707 Susan Dynarski
Judith Scott-Clayton
Mark Wiederspan

Simplifying Tax Incentives and Aid for College: Progress and Prospects
w18710 Susan Dynarski
Judith Scott-Clayton

Financial Aid Policy: Lessons from Research
w18710 Susan Dynarski
Judith Scott-Clayton

Financial Aid Policy: Lessons from Research
w18710 Susan Dynarski
Judith Scott-Clayton

Financial Aid Policy: Lessons from Research
w18721 Jason Fletcher
Adalbert Mayer

Tracing the Effects of Guaranteed Admission through the College Process: Evidence from a Policy Discontinuity in the Texas 10% Plan
w18721 Jason Fletcher
Adalbert Mayer

Tracing the Effects of Guaranteed Admission through the College Process: Evidence from a Policy Discontinuity in the Texas 10% Plan
w18721 Jason Fletcher
Adalbert Mayer

Tracing the Effects of Guaranteed Admission through the College Process: Evidence from a Policy Discontinuity in the Texas 10% Plan
w18695 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Health, Education, and the Post-Retirement Evolution of Household Assets
w18701 Richard J. Murnane
U.S High School Graduation Rates: Patterns and Explanations
w18701 Richard J. Murnane
U.S High School Graduation Rates: Patterns and Explanations
2012
w18662 Joshua Angrist
Miikka Rokkanen

Wanna Get Away? RD Identification Away from the Cutoff
w18662 Joshua Angrist
Miikka Rokkanen

Wanna Get Away? RD Identification Away from the Cutoff
w18662 Joshua Angrist
Miikka Rokkanen

Wanna Get Away? RD Identification Away from the Cutoff
w18626 Caroline M. Hoxby
Endowment Management Based on a Positive Model of the University
w18626 Caroline M. Hoxby
Endowment Management Based on a Positive Model of the University
w18648 Robert Bifulco
Jason M. Fletcher
Sun Jung Oh
Stephen L. Ross

Do Classmate Effects Fade Out?
w18648 Robert Bifulco
Jason M. Fletcher
Sun Jung Oh
Stephen L. Ross

Do Classmate Effects Fade Out?
w18649 Charles T. Clotfelter
Helen F. Ladd
Jacob L. Vigdor

Algebra for 8th Graders: Evidence on its Effects from 10 North Carolina Districts
w18598 Rodney J. Andrews
Paul Jargowsky
Kristin Kuhne

The Effects of Texas's Targeted Pre-Kindergarten Program on Academic Performance
w18598 Rodney J. Andrews
Paul Jargowsky
Kristin Kuhne

The Effects of Texas's Targeted Pre-Kindergarten Program on Academic Performance
w18598 Rodney J. Andrews
Paul Jargowsky
Kristin Kuhne

The Effects of Texas's Targeted Pre-Kindergarten Program on Academic Performance
w18624 C. Kirabo Jackson
Non-Cognitive Ability, Test Scores, and Teacher Quality: Evidence from 9th Grade Teachers in North Carolina
w18605 Daphna Bassok
Maria Fitzpatrick
Susanna Loeb

Does State Preschool Crowd-Out Private Provision? The Impact of Universal Preschool on the Childcare Sector in Oklahoma and Georgia
w18586 Caroline M. Hoxby
Christopher Avery

The Missing "One-Offs": The Hidden Supply of High-Achieving, Low Income Students
w18586 Caroline M. Hoxby
Christopher Avery

The Missing "One-Offs": The Hidden Supply of High-Achieving, Low Income Students
w18586 Caroline M. Hoxby
Christopher Avery

The Missing "One-Offs": The Hidden Supply of High-Achieving, Low Income Students
w18568 Jason A. Grissom
Demetra Kalogrides
Susanna Loeb

Using Student Test Scores to Measure Principal Performance
w18576 Thomas Buser
Muriel Niederle
Hessel Oosterbeek

Gender, Competitiveness and Career Choices
w18581 James J. Heckman
Rodrigo Pinto
Peter A. Savelyev

Understanding the Mechanisms through Which an Influential Early Childhood Program Boosted Adult Outcomes
w18581 James J. Heckman
Rodrigo Pinto
Peter A. Savelyev

Understanding the Mechanisms through Which an Influential Early Childhood Program Boosted Adult Outcomes
w18581 James J. Heckman
Rodrigo Pinto
Peter A. Savelyev

Understanding the Mechanisms through Which an Influential Early Childhood Program Boosted Adult Outcomes
w18551 Philip Oreopoulos
Ryan Dunn

Information and College Access: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment
w18530 Maria D. Fitzpatrick
Damon Jones

Higher Education, Merit-Based Scholarships and Post-Baccalaureate Migration
w18523 Peter Arcidiacono
Esteban Aucejo
Patrick Coate
V. Joseph Hotz

Affirmative Action and University Fit: Evidence from Proposition 209
w18523 Peter Arcidiacono
Esteban Aucejo
Patrick Coate
V. Joseph Hotz

Affirmative Action and University Fit: Evidence from Proposition 209
w18525 Andrew A. Samwick
Donating the Voucher: An Alternative Tax Treatment of Private School Enrollment
w18493 Elizabeth M. Caucutt
Lance Lochner

Early and Late Human Capital Investments, Borrowing Constraints, and the Family
w18493 Elizabeth M. Caucutt
Lance Lochner

Early and Late Human Capital Investments, Borrowing Constraints, and the Family
w18466 Gabriella Conti
James J. Heckman

The Economics of Child Well-Being
w18487 Stephen B. Billings
David J. Deming
Jonah E. Rockoff

School Segregation, Educational Attainment and Crime: Evidence from the end of busing in Charlotte-Mecklenburg
w18487 Stephen B. Billings
David J. Deming
Jonah E. Rockoff

School Segregation, Educational Attainment and Crime: Evidence from the end of busing in Charlotte-Mecklenburg
w18487 Stephen B. Billings
David J. Deming
Jonah E. Rockoff

School Segregation, Educational Attainment and Crime: Evidence from the end of busing in Charlotte-Mecklenburg
w18464 Prashant Bharadwaj
Giacomo De Giorgi
David Hansen
Christopher Neilson

The Gender Gap in Mathematics: Evidence from Low- and Middle-Income Countries
w18475 Gabriella Conti
Andrea Galeotti
Gerrit Mueller
Stephen Pudney

Popularity
w18484 Magnus Carlsson
Gordon B. Dahl
Dan-Olof Rooth

The Effect of Schooling on Cognitive Skills
w18485 Steven J. Haider
Kathleen M. McGarry

Parental Investments in College and Later Cash Transfers
w18486 John F. Helliwell
Understanding and Improving the Social Context of Well-Being
w18457 Judith Scott-Clayton
Peter M. Crosta
Clive R. Belfield

Improving the Targeting of Treatment: Evidence from College Remediation
w18436 Ian Fillmore
Devin G. Pope

The Impact of Time Between Cognitive Tasks on Performance: Evidence from Advanced Placement Exams
w18437 William N. Evans
Craig Garthwaite
Timothy J. Moore

The White/Black Educational Gap, Stalled Progress, and the Long Term Consequences of the Emergence of Crack Cocaine Markets
w18437 William N. Evans
Craig Garthwaite
Timothy J. Moore

The White/Black Educational Gap, Stalled Progress, and the Long Term Consequences of the Emergence of Crack Cocaine Markets
w18437 William N. Evans
Craig Garthwaite
Timothy J. Moore

The White/Black Educational Gap, Stalled Progress, and the Long Term Consequences of the Emergence of Crack Cocaine Markets
w18439 Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Incentive Strength and Teacher Productivity: Evidence from a Group-Based Teacher Incentive Pay System
w18444 Isaac Ehrlich
Yong Yin

The Problem of the Uninsured
w18419 Jesse Rothstein
Teacher Quality Policy When Supply Matters
w18422 Anna Aizer
Laura Stroud
Stephen Buka

Maternal Stress and Child Outcomes: Evidence from Siblings
w18429 Anna Aizer
Flávio Cunha

The Production of Human Capital: Endowments, Investments and Fertility
w18389 Jeffrey R. Brown
Stephen G. Dimmock
Scott Weisbenner

The Supply of and Demand for Charitable Donations to Higher Education
w18389 Jeffrey R. Brown
Stephen G. Dimmock
Scott Weisbenner

The Supply of and Demand for Charitable Donations to Higher Education
w18389 Jeffrey R. Brown
Stephen G. Dimmock
Scott Weisbenner

The Supply of and Demand for Charitable Donations to Higher Education
w18359 Keith M. Marzilli Ericson
Consumer Inertia and Firm Pricing in the Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Insurance Exchange
w18369 Victor Lavy
Expanding School Resources and Increasing Time on Task: Effects of a Policy Experiment in Israel on Student Academic Achievement and Behavior
w18341 John Cawley
David Frisvold
Chad Meyerhoefer

The Impact of Physical Education on Obesity among Elementary School Children
w18343 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Latika Chaudhary

The Labor Market Returns to a For-Profit College Education
w18343 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Latika Chaudhary

The Labor Market Returns to a For-Profit College Education
w18343 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Latika Chaudhary

The Labor Market Returns to a For-Profit College Education
w18343 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Latika Chaudhary

The Labor Market Returns to a For-Profit College Education
w18300 Jeffrey Brown
Chichun Fang
Francisco Gomes

Risk and Returns to Education
w18302 Adriana Lleras-Muney
Allison Shertzer

Did the Americanization Movement Succeed? An Evaluation of the Effect of English-Only and Compulsory Schools Laws on Immigrants' Education
w18324 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

The Effect of School Choice on Intrinsic Motivation and Academic Outcomes
w18319 Tom Vogl
Marriage Institutions and Sibling Competition: Evidence from South Asia
w18324 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

The Effect of School Choice on Intrinsic Motivation and Academic Outcomes
w18324 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

The Effect of School Choice on Intrinsic Motivation and Academic Outcomes
w18327 Jessica Wolpaw Reyes
Lead Policy and Academic Performance: Insights from Massachusetts
w18328 Judith Scott-Clayton
Olga Rodriguez

Development, Discouragement, or Diversion? New Evidence on the Effects of College Remediation
w18328 Judith Scott-Clayton
Olga Rodriguez

Development, Discouragement, or Diversion? New Evidence on the Effects of College Remediation
w18277 Glenn Ellison
Ashley Swanson

Heterogeneity in High Math Achievement Across Schools: Evidence from the American Mathematics Competitions
w18196 Michael L. Anderson
The Benefits of College Athletic Success: An Application of the Propensity Score Design with Instrumental Variables
w18196 Michael L. Anderson
The Benefits of College Athletic Success: An Application of the Propensity Score Design with Instrumental Variables
w18197 Aimee Chin
N. Meltem Daysal
Scott A. Imberman

Impact of Bilingual Education Programs on Limited English Proficient Students and Their Peers: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from Texas
w18200 Yaa Akosa Antwi
Asako S. Moriya
Kosali Simon

Effects of Federal Policy to Insure Young Adults: Evidence from the 2010 Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Mandate
w18201 Kevin Lang
Russell Weinstein

Evaluating Student Outcomes at For-Profit Colleges
w18183 Evan Borkum
Fang He
Leigh L. Linden

The Effects of School Libraries on Language Skills: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in India
w18183 Evan Borkum
Fang He
Leigh L. Linden

The Effects of School Libraries on Language Skills: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in India
w18185 Silke J. Forbes
Nora E. Gordon

When Educators Are the Learners: Private Contracting by Public Schools
w18165 Steven D. Levitt
John A. List
Susanne Neckermann
Sally Sadoff

The Behavioralist Goes to School: Leveraging Behavioral Economics to Improve Educational Performance
w18145 Costas Meghir
Mårten Palme
Marieke Schnabel

The Effect of Education Policy on Crime: An Intergenerational Perspective
w18150 Claudio Ferraz
Frederico Finan
Diana B. Moreira

Corrupting Learning: Evidence from Missing Federal Education Funds in Brazil
w18161 Charles T. Clotfelter
Helen F. Ladd
Jacob L. Vigdor

The Aftermath of Accelerating Algebra: Evidence from a District Policy Initiative
w18121 James J. Heckman
Tim D. Kautz

Hard Evidence on Soft Skills
w18100 James J. Heckman
Junjian Yi

Human Capital, Economic Growth, and Inequality in China
w18115 Harounan Kazianga
Dan Levy
Leigh L. Linden
Matt Sloan

The Effects of "Girl-Friendly" Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso
w18115 Harounan Kazianga
Dan Levy
Leigh L. Linden
Matt Sloan

The Effects of "Girl-Friendly" Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso
w18115 Harounan Kazianga
Dan Levy
Leigh L. Linden
Matt Sloan

The Effects of "Girl-Friendly" Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso
w18068 Rodney J. Andrews
Jing Li
Michael F. Lovenheim

Quantile Treatment Effects of College Quality on Earnings: Evidence from Administrative Data in Texas
w18075 Michael F. Lovenheim
C. Lockwood Reynolds

The Effect of Housing Wealth on College Choice: Evidence from the Housing Boom
w18075 Michael F. Lovenheim
C. Lockwood Reynolds

The Effect of Housing Wealth on College Choice: Evidence from the Housing Boom
w18049 Philippe Aghion
Torsten Persson
Dorothee Rouzet

Education and Military Rivalry
w18038 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Douglas O. Staiger

Knowledge, Tests, and Fadeout in Educational Interventions
w18038 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Douglas O. Staiger

Knowledge, Tests, and Fadeout in Educational Interventions
w18038 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Douglas O. Staiger

Knowledge, Tests, and Fadeout in Educational Interventions
w18039 Dana Burde
Leigh L. Linden

The Effect of Village-Based Schools: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Afghanistan
w18039 Dana Burde
Leigh L. Linden

The Effect of Village-Based Schools: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Afghanistan
w18016 Naci H. Mocan
Colin Cannonier

Empowering Women Through Education: Evidence from Sierra Leone
w18016 Naci H. Mocan
Colin Cannonier

Empowering Women Through Education: Evidence from Sierra Leone
w18016 Naci H. Mocan
Colin Cannonier

Empowering Women Through Education: Evidence from Sierra Leone
w18010 Donald Boyd
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb
James Wyckoff

Measuring Test Measurement Error: A General Approach
w17985 Joseph G. Altonji
Erica Blom
Costas Meghir

Heterogeneity in Human Capital Investments: High School Curriculum, College Major, and Careers
w17986 Dennis N. Epple
Richard Romano

On The Political Economy Of Educational Vouchers
w17990 Thomas Dee
School Turnarounds: Evidence from the 2009 Stimulus
w17979 Davide Cantoni
Noam Yuchtman

Medieval Universities, Legal Institutions, and the Commercial Revolution
w17939 Esther Duflo
Pascaline Dupas
Michael Kremer

School Governance, Teacher Incentives, and Pupil-Teacher Ratios: Experimental Evidence from Kenyan Primary Schools
w17949 Naci H. Mocan
Duha Tore Altindag

Education, Cognition, Health Knowledge, and Health Behavior
w17964 Melissa Schettini Kearney
Phillip B. Levine

Explaining Recent Trends in the U.S. Teen Birth Rate
w17960 Timothy N. Bond
Kevin Lang

The Evolution of the Black-White Test Score Gap in Grades K-3: The Fragility of Results
w17965 Melissa Schettini Kearney
Phillip B. Levine

Why is the Teen Birth Rate in the United States so High and Why Does it Matter?
w17932 Costas Meghir
Mårten Palme
Emilia Simeonova

Education, Health and Mortality: Evidence from a Social Experiment
w17931 Emily Oster
Ira Shoulson
E. Ray Dorsey

Limited Life Expectancy, Human Capital and Health Investments: Evidence from Huntington Disease
w17933 Jonathan T. Kolstad
Amanda E. Kowalski

Mandate-Based Health Reform and the Labor Market: Evidence from the Massachusetts Reform
w17915 Craig L. Garthwaite
You Get a Book! Demand Spillovers, Combative Advertising, and Celebrity Endorsements
w17892 Benjamin A. Olken
Junko Onishi
Susan Wong

Should Aid Reward Performance? Evidence from a Field Experiment on Health and Education in Indonesia
w17859 C. Kirabo Jackson
Do College-Prep Programs Improve Long-Term Outcomes?
w17861 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

Does Generosity Beget Generosity? Alumni Giving and Undergraduate Financial Aid
w17861 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

Does Generosity Beget Generosity? Alumni Giving and Undergraduate Financial Aid
w17852 Latika Chaudhary
Aldo Musacchio
Steven Nafziger
Se Yan

Big BRICs, Weak Foundations: The Beginning of Public Elementary Education in Brazil, Russia, India, and China
w17852 Latika Chaudhary
Aldo Musacchio
Steven Nafziger
Se Yan

Big BRICs, Weak Foundations: The Beginning of Public Elementary Education in Brazil, Russia, India, and China
w17827 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Claudia Goldin

Does Federal Student Aid Raise Tuition? New Evidence on For-Profit Colleges
w17827 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Claudia Goldin

Does Federal Student Aid Raise Tuition? New Evidence on For-Profit Colleges
w17827 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Claudia Goldin

Does Federal Student Aid Raise Tuition? New Evidence on For-Profit Colleges
w17834 Susan Dynarski
Mark Wiederspan

Student Aid Simplification: Looking Back and Looking Ahead
w17834 Susan Dynarski
Mark Wiederspan

Student Aid Simplification: Looking Back and Looking Ahead
w17803 Gregory F. Branch
Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

Estimating the Effect of Leaders on Public Sector Productivity: The Case of School Principals
w17811 Judith Scott-Clayton
Information Constraints and Financial Aid Policy
w17811 Judith Scott-Clayton
Information Constraints and Financial Aid Policy
w17811 Judith Scott-Clayton
Information Constraints and Financial Aid Policy
w17811 Judith Scott-Clayton
Information Constraints and Financial Aid Policy
w17776 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Ebonya L. Washington

Valuing the Vote: The Redistribution of Voting Rights and State Funds Following the Voting Rights Act of 1965
w17744 Judith Scott-Clayton
What Explains Trends in Labor Supply Among U.S. Undergraduates, 1970-2009?
w17744 Judith Scott-Clayton
What Explains Trends in Labor Supply Among U.S. Undergraduates, 1970-2009?
w17752 Roland G. Fryer
Jr
Richard T. Holden

Multitasking, Learning, and Incentives: A Cautionary Tale
w17720 Scott A. Imberman
Adriana D. Kugler

The Effect of Providing Breakfast on Student Performance: Evidence from an In-Class Breakfast Program
w17730 Eric A. Hanushek
Kuzey Yilmaz

Land Use Controls and the Provision of Education
w17727 Verónica C. Frisancho Robles
Kala Krishna

Affirmative Action in Higher Education in India: Targeting, Catch Up, and Mismatch
w17722 C. Kirabo Jackson
Teacher Quality at the High-School Level: The Importance of Accounting for Tracks
2011
w17710 David J. Deming
Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

The For-Profit Postsecondary School Sector: Nimble Critters or Agile Predators?
w17710 David J. Deming
Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

The For-Profit Postsecondary School Sector: Nimble Critters or Agile Predators?
w17713 Douglas Almond
Bhashkar Mazumder
Reyn van Ewijk

Fasting During Pregnancy and Children's Academic Performance
w17704 Alexander M. Gelber
Adam Isen

Children's Schooling and Parents' Investment in Children: Evidence from the Head Start Impact Study
w17704 Alexander M. Gelber
Adam Isen

Children's Schooling and Parents' Investment in Children: Evidence from the Head Start Impact Study
w17699 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Jonah E. Rockoff

The Long-Term Impacts of Teachers: Teacher Value-Added and Student Outcomes in Adulthood
w17677 Jason M. Lindo
Isaac D. Swensen
Glen R. Waddell

Are Big-Time Sports a Threat to Student Achievement?
w17646 John P. Papay
Martin R. West
Jon B. Fullerton
Thomas J. Kane

Does Practice-Based Teacher Preparation Increase Student Achievement? Early Evidence from the Boston Teacher Residency
w17632 Will Dobbie
Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Getting Beneath the Veil of Effective Schools: Evidence from New York City
w17633 Martha J. Bailey
Susan M. Dynarski

Gains and Gaps: Changing Inequality in U.S. College Entry and Completion
w17633 Martha J. Bailey
Susan M. Dynarski

Gains and Gaps: Changing Inequality in U.S. College Entry and Completion
w17633 Martha J. Bailey
Susan M. Dynarski

Gains and Gaps: Changing Inequality in U.S. College Entry and Completion
w17637 Jason M. Lindo
Isaac D. Swensen
Glen R. Waddell

Alcohol and Student Performance: Estimating the Effect of Legal Access
w17610 Jesse Rothstein
Nathan Wozny

Permanent Income and the Black-White Test Score Gap
w17610 Jesse Rothstein
Nathan Wozny

Permanent Income and the Black-White Test Score Gap
w17591 Eric A. Hanushek
Susanne Link
Ludger Woessmann

Does School Autonomy Make Sense Everywhere? Panel Estimates from PISA
w17591 Eric A. Hanushek
Susanne Link
Ludger Woessmann

Does School Autonomy Make Sense Everywhere? Panel Estimates from PISA
w17572 Ruben Durante
Giovanna Labartino
Roberto Perotti

Academic Dynasties: Decentralization and Familism in the Italian Academia
w17554 Paul W. Glewwe
Eric A. Hanushek
Sarah D. Humpage
Renato Ravina

School Resources and Educational Outcomes in Developing Countries: A Review of the Literature from 1990 to 2010
w17538 Kenneth T. Whelan
Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Kevin F. Hallock
Ronald L. Seeber

Adverse Selection and Incentives in an Early Retirement Program
w17527 Yann Algan
Pierre Cahuc
Andrei Shleifer

Teaching Practices and Social Capital
w17533 Susan Dynarski
Joshua M. Hyman
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Childhood Investments on Postsecondary Attainment and Degree Completion
w17533 Susan Dynarski
Joshua M. Hyman
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Childhood Investments on Postsecondary Attainment and Degree Completion
w17533 Susan Dynarski
Joshua M. Hyman
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Childhood Investments on Postsecondary Attainment and Degree Completion
w17504 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann
Lei Zhang

General Education, Vocational Education, and Labor-Market Outcomes over the Life-Cycle
w17486 John H. Tyler
If You Build It Will They Come? Teacher Use of Student Performance Data on a Web-Based Tool
w17487 Benjamin F. Jones
The Human Capital Stock: A Generalized Approach
w17494 Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Injecting Successful Charter School Strategies into Traditional Public Schools: A Field Experiment in Houston
w17465 Daniel Gottlieb
Kent Smetters

Grade Non-Disclosure
w17451 Jeffrey Brown
Amy Finkelstein

Insuring Long Term Care In the US
w17452 Chloe Gibbs
Jens Ludwig
Douglas L. Miller

Does Head Start Do Any Lasting Good?
w17438 David J. Deming
Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

School Choice, School Quality and Postsecondary Attainment
w17438 David J. Deming
Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

School Choice, School Quality and Postsecondary Attainment
w17435 Lance Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Credit Constraints in Education
w17435 Lance Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Credit Constraints in Education
w17412 Peter Nurnberg
Morton Schapiro
David Zimmerman

Educational "Goodwill": Measuring the Intangible Assets at Highly Selective Private Colleges and Universities
w17381 Robert W. Fairlie
Florian Hoffmann
Philip Oreopoulos

A Community College Instructor Like Me: Race and Ethnicity Interactions in the Classroom
w17381 Robert W. Fairlie
Florian Hoffmann
Philip Oreopoulos

A Community College Instructor Like Me: Race and Ethnicity Interactions in the Classroom
w17364 Patrick Bayer
Robert McMillan

Tiebout Sorting and Neighborhood Stratification
w17378 James J. Heckman
Integrating Personality Psychology into Economics
w17324 Judd B. Kessler
Alvin E. Roth

Organ Allocation Policy and the Decision to Donate
w17332 Joshua D. Angrist
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Explaining Charter School Effectiveness
w17332 Joshua D. Angrist
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Explaining Charter School Effectiveness
w17332 Joshua D. Angrist
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Explaining Charter School Effectiveness
w17337 Elisabetta Gentile
Scott A. Imberman

Dressed for Success? The Effect of School Uniforms on Student Achievement and Behavior
w17286 Will Dobbie
Roland G. Fryer
Jr.

Exam High Schools and Academic Achievement: Evidence from New York City
w17264 Atila Abdulkadiroglu
Joshua D. Angrist
Parag A. Pathak

The Elite Illusion: Achievement Effects at Boston and New York Exam Schools
w17235 Ilyana Kuziemko
Human Capital Spillovers in Families: Do Parents Learn from or Lean on their Children?
w17235 Ilyana Kuziemko
Human Capital Spillovers in Families: Do Parents Learn from or Lean on their Children?
w17243 Tara Béteille
Demetra Kalogrides
Susanna Loeb

Stepping Stones: Principal Career Paths and School Outcomes
w17225 C. Kirabo Jackson
School Competition and Teacher Labor Markets: Evidence from Charter School Entry in North Carolina
w17225 C. Kirabo Jackson
School Competition and Teacher Labor Markets: Evidence from Charter School Entry in North Carolina
w17218 Philippe Belley
Marc Frenette
Lance Lochner

Post-Secondary Attendance by Parental Income in the U.S. and Canada: What Role for Financial Aid Policy?
w17218 Philippe Belley
Marc Frenette
Lance Lochner

Post-Secondary Attendance by Parental Income in the U.S. and Canada: What Role for Financial Aid Policy?
w17194 Gadi Barlevy
Derek Neal

Pay for Percentile
w17194 Gadi Barlevy
Derek Neal

Pay for Percentile
w17176 Matthew Ronfeldt
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb
James Wyckoff

How Teacher Turnover Harms Student Achievement
w17177 Susanna Loeb
Demetra Kalogrides
Tara Béteille

Effective Schools: Teacher Hiring, Assignment, Development, and Retention
w17185 Ama Baafra Abeberese
Todd J. Kumler
Leigh L. Linden

Improving Reading Skills by Encouraging Children to Read in School: A Randomized Evaluation of the Sa Aklat Sisikat Reading Program in the Philippines
w17185 Ama Baafra Abeberese
Todd J. Kumler
Leigh L. Linden

Improving Reading Skills by Encouraging Children to Read in School: A Randomized Evaluation of the Sa Aklat Sisikat Reading Program in the Philippines
w17159 Stacy Dale
Alan B. Krueger

Estimating the Return to College Selectivity over the Career Using Administrative Earnings Data
w17120 John P. Papay
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

How Performance Information Affects Human-Capital Investment Decisions: The Impact of Test-Score Labels on Educational Outcomes
w17120 John P. Papay
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

How Performance Information Affects Human-Capital Investment Decisions: The Impact of Test-Score Labels on Educational Outcomes
w17119 Eric P. Bettinger
Brent J. Evans
Devin G. Pope

Improving College Performance and Retention the Easy Way: Unpacking the ACT Exam
w17155 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Nora E. Gordon
Sarah J. Reber

Federal Aid and Equality of Educational Opportunity: Evidence from the Introduction of Title I in the South
w17112 John P. Papay
John B. Willett
Richard J. Murnane

High-School Exit Examinations and the Schooling Decisions of Teenagers: A Multi-Dimensional Regression-Discontinuity Analysis
w17112 John P. Papay
John B. Willett
Richard J. Murnane

High-School Exit Examinations and the Schooling Decisions of Teenagers: A Multi-Dimensional Regression-Discontinuity Analysis
w17112 John P. Papay
John B. Willett
Richard J. Murnane

High-School Exit Examinations and the Schooling Decisions of Teenagers: A Multi-Dimensional Regression-Discontinuity Analysis
w17104 Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat
Anna Gassman-Pines
Dania V. Francis
Christina M. Gibson-Davis

Children Left Behind: The Effects of Statewide Job Loss on Student Achievement
w17085 Philip DeCicca
Justin D. Smith

The Long-Run Impacts of Early Childhood Education: Evidence From a Failed Policy Experiment
w17085 Philip DeCicca
Justin D. Smith

The Long-Run Impacts of Early Childhood Education: Evidence From a Failed Policy Experiment
w17089 Sa A. Bui
Steven G. Craig
Scott A. Imberman

Is Gifted Education a Bright Idea? Assessing the Impact of Gifted and Talented Programs on Achievement
w17093 Ran Abramitzky
Victor Lavy

How Responsive is Investment in Schooling to Changes in Redistribution Policies and in Returns
w17081 John Cawley
Christopher Ruhm

The Economics of Risky Health Behaviors
w16973 Daniel M. Hungerman
The Effect of Education on Religion: Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws
w16973 Daniel M. Hungerman
The Effect of Education on Religion: Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws
w16935 James J. Heckman
Rodrigo Pinto
Azeem M. Shaikh
Adam Yavitz

Inference with Imperfect Randomization: The Case of the Perry Preschool Program
w16939 Willa Friedman
Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel
Rebecca Thornton

Education as Liberation?
w16914 Ofer Malamud
Cristian Pop-Eleches

School Tracking and Access to Higher Education Among Disadvantaged Groups
w16918 Josh Lerner
Ulrike Malmendier

With a Little Help from My (Random) Friends: Success and Failure in Post-Business School Entrepreneurship
w16885 Victor Lavy
What Makes an Effective Teacher? Quasi-Experimental Evidence
w16886 Cristian Pop-Eleches
Miguel Urquiola

Going to a Better School: Effects and Behavioral Responses
w16869 Todd R. Stinebrickner
Ralph Stinebrickner

Math or Science? Using Longitudinal Expectations Data to Examine the Process of Choosing a College Major
w16873 Patricia M. Anderson
Kristin F. Butcher
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Adequate (or Adipose?) Yearly Progress: Assessing the Effect of "No Child Left Behind" on Children's Obesity
w16876 Wehn-Jyuan Tsai
Jin-Tan Liu
Shin-Yi Chou
Michael Grossman

Intergeneration Transfer of Human Capital: Results from a Natural Experiment in Taiwan
w16877 Eric S. Taylor
John H. Tyler

The Effect of Evaluation on Performance: Evidence from Longitudinal Student Achievement Data of Mid-career Teachers
w16881 Eric Bettinger
Rachel Baker

The Effects of Student Coaching in College: An Evaluation of a Randomized Experiment in Student Mentoring
w16846 Michael Baker
Industrial Actions in Schools: Strikes and Student Achievement
w16865 Scott E. Carrell
Bruce I. Sacerdote
James E. West

From Natural Variation to Optimal Policy? The Lucas Critique Meets Peer Effects
w16830 Jishnu Das
Stefan Dercon
James Habyarimana
Pramila Krishnan
Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

School Inputs, Household Substitution, and Test Scores
w16817 C. Kirabo Jackson
Single-Sex Schools, Student Achievement, and Course Selection: Evidence from Rule-Based Student Assignments in Trinidad and Tobago
w16822 Mathilde Almlund
Angela Lee Duckworth
James J. Heckman
Tim D. Kautz

Personality Psychology and Economics
w16802 Mimi Engel
Brian A. Jacob

New Evidence on Teacher Labor Supply
w16802 Mimi Engel
Brian A. Jacob

New Evidence on Teacher Labor Supply
w16783 Parag A. Pathak
Tayfun Sönmez

School Admissions Reform in Chicago and England: Comparing Mechanisms by Their Vulnerability to Manipulation
w16722 Lance Lochner
Non-Production Benefits of Education: Crime, Health, and Good Citizenship
w16722 Lance Lochner
Non-Production Benefits of Education: Crime, Health, and Good Citizenship
w16730 Kevin Lang
Erez Siniver

Why Is an Elite Undergraduate Education Valuable? Evidence from Israel
w16745 Randall Reback
Jonah Rockoff
Heather L. Schwartz

Under Pressure: Job Security, Resource Allocation, and Productivity in Schools Under NCLB
w16746 Vilsa E. Curto
Roland G. Fryer
Jr.

Estimating the Returns to Urban Boarding Schools: Evidence from SEED
w16710 Derek Neal
The Design of Performance Pay in Education
w16710 Derek Neal
The Design of Performance Pay in Education
w16711 Dalton Conley
Emily Rauscher

The Equal Environments Assumption in the Post-Genomic Age: Using Misclassified Twins to Estimate Bias in Heritability Models
w16663 Julie Berry Cullen
Mark C. Long
Randall Reback

Jockeying for Position: Strategic High School Choice Under Texas' Top Ten Percent Plan
w16664 Rucker C. Johnson
Long-run Impacts of School Desegregation & School Quality on Adult Attainments
w16664 Rucker C. Johnson
Long-run Impacts of School Desegregation & School Quality on Adult Attainments
w16673 Patricia M. Anderson
Kristin F. Butcher
Elizabeth U. Cascio
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Is Being in School Better? The Impact of School on Children's BMI When Starting Age is Endogenous
2010
w16643 Joshua Angrist
Philip Oreopoulos
Tyler Williams

When Opportunity Knocks, Who Answers? New Evidence on College Achievement Awards
w16643 Joshua Angrist
Philip Oreopoulos
Tyler Williams

When Opportunity Knocks, Who Answers? New Evidence on College Achievement Awards
w16643 Joshua Angrist
Philip Oreopoulos
Tyler Williams

When Opportunity Knocks, Who Answers? New Evidence on College Achievement Awards
w16635 Alain de Janvry
Frederico Finan
Elisabeth Sadoulet

Local Electoral Incentives and Decentralized Program Performance
w16606 Eric A. Hanushek
The Economic Value of Higher Teacher Quality
w16598 C. Kirabo Jackson
Can Higher-Achieving Peers Explain the Benefits to Attending Selective Schools?: Evidence from Trinidad and Tobago
w16579 Joseph G. Altonji
Ching-I Huang
Christopher R. Taber

Estimating the Cream Skimming Effect of School Choice
w16560 Morris M. Kleiner
Kyoung Won Park

Battles Among Licensed Occupations: Analyzing Government Regulations on Labor Market Outcomes for Dentists and Hygienists
w16515 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

How Much Do Educational Outcomes Matter in OECD Countries?
w16518 Scott E. Carrell
Mark Hoekstra
James E. West

Is Poor Fitness Contagious? Evidence from Randomly Assigned Friends
w16499 Bryan S. Graham
Guido W. Imbens
Geert Ridder

Measuring the Effects of Segregation in the Presence of Social Spillovers: A Nonparametric Approach
w16452 Jere R. Behrman
Olivia S. Mitchell
Cindy Soo
David Bravo

Financial Literacy, Schooling, and Wealth Accumulation
w16463 Ofer Malamud
Abigail K. Wozniak

The Impact of College Education on Geographic Mobility: Identifying Education Using Multiple Components of Vietnam Draft Risk
w16434 Leah Platt Boustan
School Desegregation and Urban Change: Evidence from City Boundaries
w16449 Pamela Jakiela
Edward Miguel
Vera L. te Velde

You've Earned It: Combining Field and Lab Experiments to Estimate the Impact of Human Capital on Social Preferences
w16405 Giacomo De Giorgi
Michele Pellizzari
William Gui Woolston

Class Size and Class Heterogeneity
w16414 Billie Davis
John Engberg
Dennis N. Epple
Holger Sieg
Ron Zimmer

Evaluating the Gifted Program of an Urban School District using a Modified Regression Discontinuity Design
w16417 Yuyu Chen
Ginger Zhe Jin

Does Health Insurance Coverage Lead to Better Health and Educational Outcomes? Evidence from Rural China
w16419 Glenn Ellison
How Does the Market Use Citation Data? The Hirsch Index in Economics
w16422 Duha Tore Altindag
Colin Cannonier
Naci H. Mocan

The Impact of Education on Health Knowledge
w16383 Mustafa C. Karakus
David S. Salkever
Eric P. Slade
Nicholas Ialongo
Elizabeth Stuart

Implications of Middle School Behavior Problems for High School Graduation and Employment Outcomes of Young Adults: Estimation of a Recursive Model
w16341 Francesco Lissoni
Jacques Mairesse
Fabio Montobbio
Michele Pezzoni

Scientific Productivity and Academic Promotion: A Study on French and Italian Physicists
w16341 Francesco Lissoni
Jacques Mairesse
Fabio Montobbio
Michele Pezzoni

Scientific Productivity and Academic Promotion: A Study on French and Italian Physicists
w16355 Richard Sutch
The Unexpected Long-Run Impact of the Minimum Wage: An Educational Cascade
w16359 Christopher Avery
The Effects of College Counseling on High-Achieving, Low-Income Students
w16359 Christopher Avery
The Effects of College Counseling on High-Achieving, Low-Income Students
w16359 Christopher Avery
The Effects of College Counseling on High-Achieving, Low-Income Students
w16330 Scott E. Carrell
Mark Hoekstra
James E. West

Does Drinking Impair College Performance? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Approach
w16333 Eric P. Bettinger
Paying to Learn: The Effect of Financial Incentives on Elementary School Test Scores
w16333 Eric P. Bettinger
Paying to Learn: The Effect of Financial Incentives on Elementary School Test Scores
w16333 Eric P. Bettinger
Paying to Learn: The Effect of Financial Incentives on Elementary School Test Scores
w16281 Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

Putting the Co in Education: Timing, Reasons, and Consequences of College Coeducation from 1835 to the Present
w16281 Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

Putting the Co in Education: Timing, Reasons, and Consequences of College Coeducation from 1835 to the Present
w16293 Richard B. Freeman
Stephen Machin
Martina Viarengo

Variation in Educational Outcomes and Policies across Countries and of Schools within Countries
w16250 Chris M. Herbst
Erdal Tekin

The Impact of Child Care Subsidies on Child Well-Being: Evidence from Geographic Variation in the Distance to Social Service Agencies
w16256 Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Racial Inequality in the 21st Century: The Declining Significance of Discrimination
w16227 Victor Lavy
Do Differences in Schools' Instruction Time Explain International Achievement Gaps? Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries
w16227 Victor Lavy
Do Differences in Schools' Instruction Time Explain International Achievement Gaps? Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries
w16238 James J. Heckman
Seong Hyeok Moon
Rodrigo Pinto
Peter A. Savelyev
Adam Yavitz

Analyzing Social Experiments as Implemented: A Reexamination of the Evidence From the HighScope Perry Preschool Program
w16239 Jeffrey S. DeSimone
Sadness, Suicidality and Grades
w16240 Jonah E. Rockoff
Douglas O. Staiger
Thomas J. Kane
Eric S. Taylor

Information and Employee Evaluation: Evidence from a Randomized Intervention in Public Schools
w16167 Ashish Arora
Surendra K. Bagde

Human capital and the Indian software industry
w16167 Ashish Arora
Surendra K. Bagde

Human capital and the Indian software industry
w16170 Samuel Marshall
Kathleen M. McGarry
Jonathan S. Skinner

The Risk of Out-of-Pocket Health Care Expenditure at End of Life
w16137 David N. Figlio
Deborah Fletcher

Suburbanization, Demographic Change and the Consequences for School Finance
w16137 David N. Figlio
Deborah Fletcher

Suburbanization, Demographic Change and the Consequences for School Finance
w16089 David N. Figlio
Mark Rush
Lu Yin

Is it Live or is it Internet? Experimental Estimates of the Effects of Online Instruction on Student Learning
w16089 David N. Figlio
Mark Rush
Lu Yin

Is it Live or is it Internet? Experimental Estimates of the Effects of Online Instruction on Student Learning
w16097 Sean Corcoran
William N. Evans

Income Inequality, the Median Voter, and the Support for Public Education
w16097 Sean Corcoran
William N. Evans

Income Inequality, the Median Voter, and the Support for Public Education
w16070 Li Feng
David N. Figlio
Tim Sass

School accountability and teacher mobility
w16078 Jacob L. Vigdor
Helen F. Ladd

Scaling the Digital Divide: Home Computer Technology and Student Achievement
w16056 David N. Figlio
Cassandra M.D. Hart

Competitive Effects of Means-Tested School Vouchers
w16056 David N. Figlio
Cassandra M.D. Hart

Competitive Effects of Means-Tested School Vouchers
w16056 David N. Figlio
Cassandra M.D. Hart

Competitive Effects of Means-Tested School Vouchers
w16055 David J. Harding
Lisa Gennetian
Christopher Winship
Lisa Sanbonmatsu
Jeffrey R. Kling

Unpacking Neighborhood Influences on Education Outcomes: Setting the Stage for Future Research
w16064 James J. Heckman
John Eric Humphries
Nicholas S. Mader

The GED
w16002 Benjamin Jones
As Science Evolves, How Can Science Policy?
w16003 Costas Meghir
Steven G. Rivkin

Econometric Methods for Research in Education
w16004 Sandra E. Black
Paul J. Devereux
Kjell G. Salvanes

Under Pressure? The Effect of Peers on Outcomes of Young Adults
w16012 Jonathan T. Kolstad
Amanda E. Kowalski

The Impact of Health Care Reform On Hospital and Preventive Care: Evidence from Massachusetts
w16013 Damon Clark
Heather Royer

The Effect of Education on Adult Health and Mortality: Evidence from Britain
w16015 Pam Grossman
Susanna Loeb
Julia Cohen
Karen Hammerness
James Wyckoff
Donald Boyd
Hamilton Lankford

Measure for Measure: The relationship between measures of instructional practice in middle school English Language Arts and teachers' value-added scores
w16017 Donald Boyd
Pam Grossman
Karen Hammerness
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb
Mathew Ronfeldt
James Wyckoff

Recruiting Effective Math Teachers: How Do Math Immersion Teachers Compare?: Evidence from New York City
w16017 Donald Boyd
Pam Grossman
Karen Hammerness
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb
Mathew Ronfeldt
James Wyckoff

Recruiting Effective Math Teachers: How Do Math Immersion Teachers Compare?: Evidence from New York City
w15990 C. Kirabo Jackson
Match Quality, Worker Productivity, and Worker Mobility: Direct Evidence From Teachers
w15943 Ofer Malamud
Breadth vs. Depth: The Timing of Specialization in Higher Education
w15949 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement
w15922 Emily Oster
M. Bryce Millett

Do Call Centers Promote School Enrollment? Evidence from India
w15932 Aimee Chin
Chinhui Juhn

Does Reducing College Costs Improve Educational Outcomes for Undocumented Immigrants? Evidence from State Laws Permitting Undocumented Immigrants to Pay In-state Tuition at State Colleges and Universities
w15932 Aimee Chin
Chinhui Juhn

Does Reducing College Costs Improve Educational Outcomes for Undocumented Immigrants? Evidence from State Laws Permitting Undocumented Immigrants to Pay In-state Tuition at State Colleges and Universities
w15902 Robert J. Barro
Jong-Wha Lee

A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950-2010
w15915 Eric A. Hanushek
Kuzey Yilmaz

Household Location and Schools in Metropolitan Areas with Heterogeneous Suburbs; Tiebout, Alonso, and Government Policy
w15898 Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Financial Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from Randomized Trials
w15889 Sandra E. Black
Paul J. Devereux

Recent Developments in Intergenerational Mobility
w15892 John Bound
Michael F. Lovenheim
Sarah Turner

Increasing Time to Baccalaureate Degree in the United States
w15892 John Bound
Michael F. Lovenheim
Sarah Turner

Increasing Time to Baccalaureate Degree in the United States
w15892 John Bound
Michael F. Lovenheim
Sarah Turner

Increasing Time to Baccalaureate Degree in the United States
w15894 Lance Lochner
Education Policy and Crime
w15895 Melissa P. McInerney
Kosali I. Simon

The Effect of State Workers' Compensation Program Changes on the Use of Federal Social Security Disability Insurance
w15861 Jeffrey Brown
Stephen G. Dimmock
Jun-Koo Kang
Scott Weisbenner

How University Endowments Respond to Financial Market Shocks: Evidence and Implications
w15867 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

Sample Selectivity and the Validity of International Student Achievement Tests in Economic Research
w15855 Jonathan Gruber
Samuel A. Kleiner

Do Strikes Kill? Evidence from New York State
w15827 Douglas Almond
Janet Currie

Human Capital Development Before Age Five
w15812 Graham J. McKee
Steven G. Rivkin
Katharine R.E. Sims

Disruption, Achievement and the Heterogeneous Benefits of Smaller Classes
w15812 Graham J. McKee
Steven G. Rivkin
Katharine R.E. Sims

Disruption, Achievement and the Heterogeneous Benefits of Smaller Classes
w15814 Ofer Malamud
Cristian Pop-Eleches

Home Computer Use and the Development of Human Capital
w15816 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

Constrained Job Matching: Does Teacher Job Search Harm Disadvantaged Urban Schools?
w15803 Thomas J. Kane
Eric S. Taylor
John H. Tyler
Amy L. Wooten

Identifying Effective Classroom Practices Using Student Achievement Data
w15742 James J. Heckman
Bas Jacobs

Policies to Create and Destroy Human Capital in Europe
w15772 Peter Nurnberg
Morton Schapiro
David Zimmerman

Students Choosing Colleges: Understanding the Matriculation Decision at a Highly Selective Private Institution
w15778 Ryan D. Edwards
Health, Income, and the Timing of Education Among Military Retirees
w15729 Peter Arcidiacono
V. Joseph Hotz
Songman Kang

Modeling College Major Choices using Elicited Measures of Expectations and Counterfactuals
w15740 Joshua D. Angrist
Susan M. Dynarski
Thomas J. Kane
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Who Benefits from KIPP?
w15715 Brian A. Jacob
Do Principals Fire the Worst Teachers?
w15655 Brian A. Jacob
The Effect of Employment Protection on Worker Effort: Evidence from Public Schooling
w15655 Brian A. Jacob
The Effect of Employment Protection on Worker Effort: Evidence from Public Schooling
w15655 Brian A. Jacob
The Effect of Employment Protection on Worker Effort: Evidence from Public Schooling
w15715 Brian A. Jacob
Do Principals Fire the Worst Teachers?
w15728 Betsey Stevenson
Beyond the Classroom: Using Title IX to Measure the Return to High School Sports
w15722 C. Kirabo Jackson
The Effects of an Incentive-Based High-School Intervention on College Outcomes
w15722 C. Kirabo Jackson
The Effects of an Incentive-Based High-School Intervention on College Outcomes
w15725 Adam Isen
Betsey Stevenson

Women's Education and Family Behavior: Trends in Marriage, Divorce and Fertility
w15728 Betsey Stevenson
Beyond the Classroom: Using Title IX to Measure the Return to High School Sports
w15728 Betsey Stevenson
Beyond the Classroom: Using Title IX to Measure the Return to High School Sports
w15707 Francine D. Blau
Janet M. Currie
Rachel T.A. Croson
Donna K. Ginther

Can Mentoring Help Female Assistant Professors? Interim Results from a Randomized Trial
w15672 Thomas S Dee
Brian A. Jacob

Rational Ignorance in Education: A Field Experiment in Student Plagiarism
w15683 Brian A. Jacob
Tamara Wilder

Educational Expectations and Attainment
2009
w15600 Victor Lavy
Olmo Silva
Felix Weinhardt

The Good, the Bad and the Average: Evidence on the Scale and Nature of Ability Peer Effects in Schools
w15606 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
George H. Jakubson
Mirinda L. Martin
Joyce B. Main
Thomas Eisenberg

Do Trustees and Administrators Matter? Diversifying the Faculty Across Gender Lines
w15606 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
George H. Jakubson
Mirinda L. Martin
Joyce B. Main
Thomas Eisenberg

Do Trustees and Administrators Matter? Diversifying the Faculty Across Gender Lines
w15574 Eric C. Sun
Anupam B. Jena
Darius N. Lakdawalla
Carolina M. Reyes
Tomas J. Philipson
Dana P. Goldman

An Economic Evaluation of the War on Cancer
w15566 John Bound
Michael Lovenheim
Sarah Turner

Why Have College Completion Rates Declined? An Analysis of Changing Student Preparation and Collegiate Resources
w15566 John Bound
Michael Lovenheim
Sarah Turner

Why Have College Completion Rates Declined? An Analysis of Changing Student Preparation and Collegiate Resources
w15549 Atila Abdulkadiroglu
Joshua Angrist
Susan Dynarski
Thomas J. Kane
Parag Pathak

Accountability and Flexibility in Public Schools: Evidence from Boston's Charters and Pilots
w15549 Atila Abdulkadiroglu
Joshua Angrist
Susan Dynarski
Thomas J. Kane
Parag Pathak

Accountability and Flexibility in Public Schools: Evidence from Boston's Charters and Pilots
w15531 Thomas Dee
Brian Jacob

The Impact of No Child Left Behind on Student Achievement
w15531 Thomas Dee
Brian Jacob

The Impact of No Child Left Behind on Student Achievement
w15531 Thomas Dee
Brian Jacob

The Impact of No Child Left Behind on Student Achievement
w15471 James J. Heckman
Seong Hyeok Moon
Rodrigo Pinto
Peter A. Savelyev
Adam Yavitz

The Rate of Return to the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program
w15471 James J. Heckman
Seong Hyeok Moon
Rodrigo Pinto
Peter A. Savelyev
Adam Yavitz

The Rate of Return to the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program
w15473 Will Dobbie
Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Are High Quality Schools Enough to Close the Achievement Gap? Evidence from a Social Experiment in Harlem
w15485 David O. Meltzer
Zhuo Chen

The Impact of Minimum Wage Rates on Body Weight in the United States
w15493 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

Family Bonding with Universities
w15493 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

Family Bonding with Universities
w15461 Susan Dynarski
Jonathan Gruber
Danielle Li

Cheaper By the Dozen: Using Sibling Discounts at Catholic Schools to Estimate the Price Elasticity of Private School Attendance
w15461 Susan Dynarski
Jonathan Gruber
Danielle Li

Cheaper By the Dozen: Using Sibling Discounts at Catholic Schools to Estimate the Price Elasticity of Private School Attendance
w15446 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Changing Selectivity of American Colleges
w15430 Roland G. Fryer
Jr
Steven D. Levitt

An Empirical Analysis of the Gender Gap in Mathematics
w15380 David A. Weiner
Byron F. Lutz
Jens Ludwig

The Effects of School Desegregation on Crime
w15387 David Deming
Susan Dynarski

Into College, Out of Poverty? Policies to Increase the Postsecondary Attainment of the Poor
w15387 David Deming
Susan Dynarski

Into College, Out of Poverty? Policies to Increase the Postsecondary Attainment of the Poor
w15361 Eric P. Bettinger
Bridget Terry Long
Philip Oreopoulos
Lisa Sanbonmatsu

The Role of Simplification and Information in College Decisions: Results from the H&R Block FAFSA Experiment
w15339 Philip Oreopoulos
Kjell G. Salvanes

How large are returns to schooling? Hint: Money isn't everything
w15323 Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

Teacher Performance Pay: Experimental Evidence from India
w15291 Scott Imberman
Adriana D. Kugler
Bruce Sacerdote

Katrina's Children: Evidence on the Structure of Peer Effects from Hurricane Evacuees
w15299 Shawn Kantor
Alexander Whalley

Do Universities Generate Agglomeration Spillovers? Evidence from Endowment Value Shocks
w15272 John Bound
Brad Hershbein
Bridget Terry Long

Playing the Admissions Game: Student Reactions to Increasing College Competition
w15216 Douglas A. Webber
Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Do Expenditures Other Than Instructional Expenditures Affect Graduation and Persistence Rates in American Higher Education
w15216 Douglas A. Webber
Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Do Expenditures Other Than Instructional Expenditures Affect Graduation and Persistence Rates in American Higher Education
w15217 Lex Borghans
Frank Cörvers

The Americanization of European Higher Education and Research
w15233 James D. Adams
Is the U.S. Losing Its Preeminence in Higher Education?
w15236 Rashmi Barua
Kevin Lang

School Entry, Educational Attainment and Quarter of Birth: A Cautionary Tale of LATE
w15238 Glenn Ellison
Ashley Swanson

The Gender Gap in Secondary School Mathematics at High Achievement Levels: Evidence from the American Mathematics Competitions
w15200 Weili Ding
Steven F. Lehrer

Estimating Treatment Effects from Contaminated Multi-Period Education Experiments: The Dynamic Impacts of Class Size Reductions
w15202 C. Kirabo Jackson
Elias Bruegmann

Teaching Students and Teaching Each Other: The Importance of Peer Learning for Teachers
w15210 Patrick Bajari
Jeremy T. Fox
Kyoo il Kim
Stephen P. Ryan

A Simple Nonparametric Estimator for the Distribution of Random Coefficients
w15210 Patrick Bajari
Jeremy T. Fox
Kyoo il Kim
Stephen P. Ryan

A Simple Nonparametric Estimator for the Distribution of Random Coefficients
w15182 Miles S. Kimball
Colter M. Mitchell
Arland D. Thornton
Linda C. Young-Demarco

Empirics on the Origins of Preferences: The Case of College Major and Religiosity
w15087 Orazio Attanasio
Katja Kaufmann

Educational Choices, Subjective Expectations, and Credit Constraints
w15126 Thomas Dee
Conditional Cash Penalties in Education: Evidence from the Learnfare Experiment
w15146 Margaret E. Blume-Kohout
Krishna B. Kumar
Neeraj Sood

Federal Life Sciences Funding and University R&D
w15148 Jason M. Fletcher
Steven F. Lehrer

Using Genetic Lotteries within Families to Examine the Causal Impact of Poor Health on Academic Achievement
w15112 W. Bentley MacLeod
Miguel Urquiola

Anti-Lemons: School Reputation and Educational Quality
w15066 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

Schooling, Cognitive Skills, and the Latin American Growth Puzzle
w15037 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

The ABCs of Charitable Solicitation
w15057 Rema Hanna
Leigh Linden

Measuring Discrimination in Education
w14973 Nancy Qian
Quantity-Quality and the One Child Policy:The Only-Child Disadvantage in School Enrollment in Rural China
w14974 Dahlia K. Remler
Elda Pema

Why do Institutions of Higher Education Reward Research While Selling Education?
w14974 Dahlia K. Remler
Elda Pema

Why do Institutions of Higher Education Reward Research While Selling Education?
w14974 Dahlia K. Remler
Elda Pema

Why do Institutions of Higher Education Reward Research While Selling Education?
w14994 Robert Kaestner
Michael Grossman
Benjamin Yarnoff

Effects of Weight on Adolescent Educational Attainment
w14951 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Do Investments in Universal Early Education Pay Off? Long-term Effects of Introducing Kindergartens into Public Schools
w14959 Scott E. Carrell
Marianne E. Page
James E. West

Sex and Science: How Professor Gender Perpetuates the Gender Gap
w14945 Carlos Dobkin
Fernando Ferreira

Do School Entry Laws Affect Educational Attainment and Labor Market Outcomes?
w14945 Carlos Dobkin
Fernando Ferreira

Do School Entry Laws Affect Educational Attainment and Labor Market Outcomes?
w14948 Giacomo De Giorgi
Michele Pellizzari
Silvia Redaelli

Be as Careful of the Company You Keep as of the Books You Read: Peer Effects in Education and on the Labor Market
w14949 Manuela Angelucci
Giacomo De Giorgi
Marcos A. Rangel
Imran Rasul

Family Networks and School Enrolment: Evidence from a Randomized Social Experiment
w14932 Joseph Golec
John Vernon

What's the "Interest" in FDA Drug Advisory Committee Conflicts of Interest?
w14911 C. Kirabo Jackson
Ability-grouping and Academic Inequality: Evidence From Rule-based Student Assignments
w14879 Meta Brown
John Karl Scholz
Ananth Seshadri

A New Test of Borrowing Constraints for Education
w14885 Peter Arcidiacono
Esteban M. Aucejo
Hanming Fang
Kenneth I. Spenner

Does Affirmative Action Lead to Mismatch? A New Test and Evidence
w14869 Elizabeth Cascio
Nora Gordon
Ethan Lewis
Sarah Reber

Paying for Progress: Conditional Grants and the Desegregation of Southern Schools
w14851 Philippe Aghion
Mathias Dewatripont
Caroline M. Hoxby
Andreu Mas-Colell
André Sapir

The Governance and Performance of Research Universities: Evidence from Europe and the U.S.
w14851 Philippe Aghion
Mathias Dewatripont
Caroline M. Hoxby
Andreu Mas-Colell
André Sapir

The Governance and Performance of Research Universities: Evidence from Europe and the U.S.
w14851 Philippe Aghion
Mathias Dewatripont
Caroline M. Hoxby
Andreu Mas-Colell
André Sapir

The Governance and Performance of Research Universities: Evidence from Europe and the U.S.
w14852 Caroline M. Hoxby
Sonali Murarka

Charter Schools in New York City: Who Enrolls and How They Affect Their Students' Achievement
w14852 Caroline M. Hoxby
Sonali Murarka

Charter Schools in New York City: Who Enrolls and How They Affect Their Students' Achievement
w14852 Caroline M. Hoxby
Sonali Murarka

Charter Schools in New York City: Who Enrolls and How They Affect Their Students' Achievement
w14852 Caroline M. Hoxby
Sonali Murarka

Charter Schools in New York City: Who Enrolls and How They Affect Their Students' Achievement
w14853 Emily Oster
Rebecca Thornton

Menstruation and Education in Nepal
w14864 Atila Abdulkadiroglu
Parag A. Pathak
Alvin E. Roth

Strategy-proofness versus Efficiency in Matching with Indifferences: Redesigning the New York City High School Match
w14842 John Engberg
Dennis Epple
Jason Imbrogno
Holger Sieg
Ron Zimmer

Estimation of Causal Effects in Experiments with Multiple Sources of Noncompliance
w14844 Christopher Avery
Jonathan D. Levin

Early Admissions at Selective Colleges
w14810 Todd R. Stinebrickner
Ralph Stinebrickner

Learning about Academic Ability and the College Drop-out Decision
w14810 Todd R. Stinebrickner
Ralph Stinebrickner

Learning about Academic Ability and the College Drop-out Decision
w14810 Todd R. Stinebrickner
Ralph Stinebrickner

Learning about Academic Ability and the College Drop-out Decision
w14792 John Bound
Sarah Turner
Patrick Walsh

Internationalization of U.S. Doctorate Education
w14792 John Bound
Sarah Turner
Patrick Walsh

Internationalization of U.S. Doctorate Education
w14777 Philip Babcock
Julian R. Betts

Reduced-Class Distinctions: Effort, Ability, and the Education Production Function
w14777 Philip Babcock
Julian R. Betts

Reduced-Class Distinctions: Effort, Ability, and the Education Production Function
w14777 Philip Babcock
Julian R. Betts

Reduced-Class Distinctions: Effort, Ability, and the Education Production Function
w14775 Marigee Bacolod
John DiNardo
Mireille Jacobson

Beyond Incentives: Do Schools use Accountability Rewards Productively?
w14778 Cory Koedel
Julian Betts

Value-Added to What? How a Ceiling in the Testing Instrument Influences Value-Added Estimation
w14778 Cory Koedel
Julian Betts

Value-Added to What? How a Ceiling in the Testing Instrument Influences Value-Added Estimation
w14778 Cory Koedel
Julian Betts

Value-Added to What? How a Ceiling in the Testing Instrument Influences Value-Added Estimation
w14780 Jennifer L. Steele
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

Do Financial Incentives Help Low-Performing Schools Attract and Keep Academically Talented Teachers? Evidence from California
w14780 Jennifer L. Steele
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

Do Financial Incentives Help Low-Performing Schools Attract and Keep Academically Talented Teachers? Evidence from California
w14780 Jennifer L. Steele
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

Do Financial Incentives Help Low-Performing Schools Attract and Keep Academically Talented Teachers? Evidence from California
w14705 Thomas S. Dee
Stereotype Threat and the Student-Athlete
w14679 Nicole Maestas
Mathis Schroeder
Dana Goldman

Price Variation in Markets with Homogeneous Goods: The Case of Medigap
w14666 Jesse Rothstein
Student sorting and bias in value added estimation: Selection on observables and unobservables
w14671 Phillip B. Levine
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

The Impact of Children's Public Health Insurance Expansions on Educational Outcomes
w14633 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

Do Better Schools Lead to More Growth? Cognitive Skills, Economic Outcomes, and Causation
2008
w14618 Clayton Featherstone
Muriel Niederle

Ex Ante Efficiency in School Choice Mechanisms: An Experimental Investigation
w14624 Kevin Milligan
Mark Stabile

Do Child Tax Benefits Affect the Wellbeing of Children? Evidence from Canadian Child Benefit Expansions
w14607 Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Estimating Teacher Impacts on Student Achievement: An Experimental Evaluation
w14608 Steven Cantrell
Jon Fullerton
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

National Board Certification and Teacher Effectiveness: Evidence from a Random Assignment Experiment
w14591 Dhaval M. Dave
Sandra Decker
Robert Kaestner
Kosali I. Simon

Re-examining the Effects of Medicaid Expansions for Pregnant Women
w14535 Helena Skyt Nielsen
Torben Sørensen
Christopher R. Taber

Estimating the Effect of Student Aid on College Enrollment: Evidence from a Government Grant Policy Reform
w14550 Brian Jacob
Jens Ludwig

Improving Educational Outcomes for Poor Children
w14564 Jonah E. Rockoff
Lesley J. Turner

Short Run Impacts of Accountability on School Quality
w14564 Jonah E. Rockoff
Lesley J. Turner

Short Run Impacts of Accountability on School Quality
w14516 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Fernando Ferreira
Jesse Rothstein

The Value of School Facilities: Evidence from a Dynamic Regression Discontinuity Design
w14475 Esther Duflo
Pascaline Dupas
Michael Kremer

Peer Effects, Teacher Incentives, and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya
w14485 Jonah E. Rockoff
Brian A. Jacob
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Can You Recognize an Effective Teacher When You Recruit One?
w14466 Dhaval M. Dave
Nancy E. Reichman
Hope Corman

Effects of Welfare Reform on Educational Acquisition of Young Adult Women
w14466 Dhaval M. Dave
Nancy E. Reichman
Hope Corman

Effects of Welfare Reform on Educational Acquisition of Young Adult Women
w14474 Chris M. Herbst
Erdal Tekin

Child Care Subsidies and Child Development
w14442 Jesse Rothstein
Teacher Quality in Educational Production: Tracking, Decay, and Student Achievement
w14415 Victor Lavy
M. Daniele Paserman
Analia Schlosser

Inside the Black of Box of Ability Peer Effects: Evidence from Variation in the Proportion of Low Achievers in the Classroom
w14415 Victor Lavy
M. Daniele Paserman
Analia Schlosser

Inside the Black of Box of Ability Peer Effects: Evidence from Variation in the Proportion of Low Achievers in the Classroom
w14385 Bruce Sacerdote
When The Saints Come Marching In: Effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on Student Evacuees
w14367 Bridget Terry Long
Michal Kurlaender

Do Community Colleges provide a Viable Pathway to a Baccalaureate Degree?
w14354 Anna Aizer
Peer Effects and Human Capital Accumulation: the Externalities of ADD
w14311 Abhijit Banerjee
Rukmini Banerji
Esther Duflo
Rachel Glennerster
Stuti Khemani

Pitfalls of Participatory Programs: Evidence From a Randomized Evaluation in Education in India
w14340 Isaac Ehrlich
William A. Hamlen Jr.
Yong Yin

Asset Management, Human Capital, and the Market for Risky Assets
w14338 Victor Lavy
Gender Differences in Market Competitiveness in a Real Workplace: Evidence from Performance-based Pay Tournaments among Teachers
w14338 Victor Lavy
Gender Differences in Market Competitiveness in a Real Workplace: Evidence from Performance-based Pay Tournaments among Teachers
w14297 Daniel L. Millimet
Rusty Tchernis
Muna Husain

School Nutrition Programs and the Incidence of Childhood Obesity
w14314 Donald Boyd
Pamela Grossman
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb
James Wyckoff

Teacher Preparation and Student Achievement
w14314 Donald Boyd
Pamela Grossman
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb
James Wyckoff

Teacher Preparation and Student Achievement
w14314 Donald Boyd
Pamela Grossman
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb
James Wyckoff

Teacher Preparation and Student Achievement
w14275 Jesse Rothstein
Albert Yoon

Mismatch in Law School
w14276 Jesse Rothstein
Albert H. Yoon

Affirmative Action in Law School Admissions: What Do Racial Preferences Do?
w14277 Matthew Neidell
Jane Waldfogel

Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Peer Effects in Early Education
w14277 Matthew Neidell
Jane Waldfogel

Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Peer Effects in Early Education
w14261 Jason M. Lindo
Nicholas J. Sanders
Philip Oreopoulos

Ability, Gender, and Performance Standards: Evidence from Academic Probation
w14265 Melissa Clark
Jesse Rothstein
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Selection Bias in College Admissions Test Scores
w14240 Lisa Barrow
Lisa Markman
Cecilia E. Rouse

Technology's Edge: The Educational Benefits of Computer-Aided Instruction
w14246 Scott E. Carrell
Mark L. Hoekstra

Externalities in the Classroom: How Children Exposed to Domestic Violence Affect Everyone's Kids
w14211 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

Harming the Best: How Schools Affect the Black-White Achievement Gap
w14211 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

Harming the Best: How Schools Affect the Black-White Achievement Gap
w14213 Lindsay C. Page
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

Trends in the Black-White Achievement Gap:Clarifying the Meaning of Within- and Between-School Achievement Gaps
w14213 Lindsay C. Page
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

Trends in the Black-White Achievement Gap:Clarifying the Meaning of Within- and Between-School Achievement Gaps
w14194 Juan Carlos Calcagno
Bridget Terry Long

The Impact of Postsecondary Remediation Using a Regression Discontinuity Approach: Addressing Endogenous Sorting and Noncompliance
w14176 David Card
Martin Dooley
Abigail Payne

School Competition and Efficiency with Publicly Funded Catholic Schools
w14186 John P. Papay
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

The Consequences of High School Exit Examinations for Struggling Low-Income Urban Students: Evidence from Massachusetts
w14155 Ofer Malamud
Cristian Pop-Eleches

General Education vs. Vocational Training: Evidence from an Economy in Transition
w14138 Benjamin F. Jones
The Knowledge Trap: Human Capital and Development Reconsidered
w14081 Scott E. Carrell
James E. West

Does Professor Quality Matter? Evidence from Random Assignment of Students to Professors
w14124 David Deming
Susan Dynarski

The Lengthening of Childhood
w14124 David Deming
Susan Dynarski

The Lengthening of Childhood
w14124 David Deming
Susan Dynarski

The Lengthening of Childhood
w14073 Elizabeth Cascio
Damon Clark
Nora Gordon

Education and the Age Profile of Literacy into Adulthood
w14021 Donald Boyd
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb
Jonah Rockoff
James Wyckoff

The Narrowing Gap in New York City Teacher Qualifications and its Implications for Student Achievement in High-Poverty Schools
w14065 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren
David Sims

The Persistence of Teacher-Induced Learning Gains
w14065 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren
David Sims

The Persistence of Teacher-Induced Learning Gains
w14052 Jonathan Heathcote
Kjetil Storesletten
Giovanni L. Violante

The Macroeconomic Implications of Rising Wage Inequality in the United States
w14057 Albert N. Link
Christopher J. Ruhm

Bringing Science to Market: Commercializing from NIH SBIR Awards
w14031 Sharon L. Maccini
Dean Yang

Under the Weather: Health, Schooling, and Economic Consequences of Early-Life Rainfall
w14032 Scott E. Carrell
Richard L. Fullerton
James E. West

Does Your Cohort Matter? Measuring Peer Effects in College Achievement
w14037 Trevon D. Logan
Health, Human Capital, and African American Migration Before 1910
w13997 John Cawley
C. Katharina Spiess

Obesity and Skill Attainment in Early Childhood
w14022 Donald Boyd
Pam Grossman
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb
James Wyckoff

Who Leaves? Teacher Attrition and Student Achievement
w13994 Thomas Dee
Martin West

The Non-Cognitive Returns to Class Size
w13994 Thomas Dee
Martin West

The Non-Cognitive Returns to Class Size
w13994 Thomas Dee
Martin West

The Non-Cognitive Returns to Class Size
w14006 Jeffrey S. DeSimone
The Impact of Employment during School on College Student Academic Performance
w13969 Sandra E. Black
Paul J. Devereux
Kjell G. Salvanes

Too Young to Leave the Nest: The Effects of School Starting Age
w13937 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

The Impact of Athletic Performance on Alumni Giving: An Analysis of Micro Data
w13947 Seema Jayachandran
Adriana Lleras-Muney

Life Expectancy and Human Capital Investments: Evidence From Maternal Mortality Declines
w13926 Marianne Bertrand
Rema Hanna
Sendhil Mullainathan

Affirmative Action in Education: Evidence From Engineering College Admissions in India
w13928 Keith Finlay
David Neumark

Is Marriage Always Good for Children? Evidence from Families Affected by Incarceration
w13912 Lance J. Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

The Nature of Credit Constraints and Human Capital
w13912 Lance J. Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

The Nature of Credit Constraints and Human Capital
w13890 Felipe Barrera-Osorio
Marianne Bertrand
Leigh L. Linden
Francisco Perez-Calle

Conditional Cash Transfers in Education Design Features, Peer and Sibling Effects Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Colombia
w13868 Jonah E. Rockoff
Does Mentoring Reduce Turnover and Improve Skills of New Employees? Evidence from Teachers in New York City
w13849 Yao Li
John Whalley
Shunming Zhang
Xiliang Zhao

The Higher Educational Transformation of China and Its Global Implications
w13849 Yao Li
John Whalley
Shunming Zhang
Xiliang Zhao

The Higher Educational Transformation of China and Its Global Implications
w13838 Erica M. Field
Omar Robles
Máximo Torero

The Cognitive Link Between Geography and Development: Iodine Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Tanzania
w13810 Lex Borghans
Angela Lee Duckworth
James J. Heckman
Bas ter Weel

The Economics and Psychology of Personality Traits
w13816 John H. Tyler
Magnus Lofstrom

Is the GED an Effective Route to Postsecondary Education for School Dropouts?
w13791 Richard J. Murnane
Educating Urban Children
w13801 Susan Dynarski
Judith E. Scott-Clayton

Complexity and Targeting in Federal Student Aid: A Quantitative Analysis
w13801 Susan Dynarski
Judith E. Scott-Clayton

Complexity and Targeting in Federal Student Aid: A Quantitative Analysis
w13801 Susan Dynarski
Judith E. Scott-Clayton

Complexity and Targeting in Federal Student Aid: A Quantitative Analysis
w13764 Robert Kaestner
Michael Grossman

Effects of Weight on Children's Educational Achievement
w13766 Michael Ostrovsky
Michael Schwarz

Information Disclosure and Unraveling in Matching Markets
2007
w13681 Cecilia Elena Rouse
Jane Hannaway
Dan Goldhaber
David Figlio

Feeling the Florida Heat? How Low-Performing Schools Respond to Voucher and Accountability Pressure
w13681 Cecilia Elena Rouse
Jane Hannaway
Dan Goldhaber
David Figlio

Feeling the Florida Heat? How Low-Performing Schools Respond to Voucher and Accountability Pressure
w13681 Cecilia Elena Rouse
Jane Hannaway
Dan Goldhaber
David Figlio

Feeling the Florida Heat? How Low-Performing Schools Respond to Voucher and Accountability Pressure
w13663 Elizabeth Cascio
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

First in the Class? Age and the Education Production Function
w13670 James J. Heckman
Paul A. LaFontaine

The American High School Graduation Rate: Trends and Levels
w13648 Charles T. Clotfelter
Helen F. Ladd
Jacob L. Vigdor

Are Teacher Absences Worth Worrying About in the U.S.?
w13617 Charles T. Clotfelter
Helen F. Ladd
Jacob L. Vigdor

Teacher Credentials and Student Achievement in High School: A Cross-Subject Analysis with Student Fixed Effects
w13623 Justine S. Hastings
Jeffrey M. Weinstein

Information, School Choice, and Academic Achievement: Evidence from Two Experiments
w13623 Justine S. Hastings
Jeffrey M. Weinstein

Information, School Choice, and Academic Achievement: Evidence from Two Experiments
w13609 John Cawley
Feng Liu

Mechanisms for the Association Between Maternal Employment and Child Cognitive Development
w13589 Joseph Kaboski
Trevon D. Logan

Factor Endowments and the Returns to Skill: New Evidence from the American Past
w13676 Alejandra Mizala
Miguel Urquiola

School Markets: The Impact of Information Approximating Schools' Effectiveness
w13527 Philippe Belley
Lance Lochner

The Changing Role of Family Income and Ability in Determining Educational Achievement
w13524 Dennis N. Epple
Maria Marta Ferreyra

School Finance Reform: Assessing General Equilibrium Effects
w13514 Brian Jacob
Lars Lefgren

The Effect of Grade Retention on High School Completion
w13514 Brian Jacob
Lars Lefgren

The Effect of Grade Retention on High School Completion
w13466 Shin-Yi Chou
Jin-Tan Liu
Michael Grossman
Theodore J. Joyce

Parental Education and Child Health: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Taiwan
w13474 Jason Fletcher
Barbara L. Wolfe

Child Mental Health and Human Capital Accumulation: The Case of ADHD Revisited
w13443 Julie Berry Cullen
Brian A. Jacob

Is Gaining Access to Selective Elementary Schools Gaining Ground? Evidence From Randomized Lotteries
w13443 Julie Berry Cullen
Brian A. Jacob

Is Gaining Access to Selective Elementary Schools Gaining Ground? Evidence From Randomized Lotteries
t0343 Jay Bhattacharya
William B. Vogt

Do Instrumental Variables Belong in Propensity Scores?
w13407 Pinka Chatterji
Ellen Meara

Consequences of Eliminating Federal Disability Benefits for Substance Abusers
w13411 Joshua D. Angrist
Stacey H. Chen

Long-term consequences of vietnam-era conscription: schooling, experience, and earnings
w13396 Till Bärnighausen
David E. Bloom

"Conditional scholarships" for HIV/AIDS Health Workers: Educating and Retaining the Workforce to Provide Antiretroviral Treatment in Sub-Saharan Africa
w13356 Raegen T. Miller
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

Do Teacher Absences Impact Student Achievement? Longitudinal Evidence from One Urban School District
w13341 Todd R. Stinebrickner
Ralph Stinebrickner

The Causal Effect of Studying on Academic Performance
w13342 Braz Camargo
Todd Stinebrickner
Ralph Stinebrickner

Evidence about the Potential Role for Affirmative Action in Higher Education
w13347 Douglas Almond
Lena Edlund
Mårten Palme

Chernobyl's Subclinical Legacy: Prenatal Exposure to Radioactive Fallout and School Outcomes in Sweden
w13319 David de la Croix
Matthias Doepke

To Segregate or to Integrate: Education Politics and Democracy
w13335 Sun Go
Peter H. Lindert

The Curious Dawn of American Public Schools
w13340 Todd R. Stinebrickner
Ralph Stinebrickner

The Effect of Credit Constraints on the College Drop-Out Decision A Direct Approach Using a New Panel Study
w13340 Todd R. Stinebrickner
Ralph Stinebrickner

The Effect of Credit Constraints on the College Drop-Out Decision A Direct Approach Using a New Panel Study
w13300 Paul Glewwe
Michael Kremer
Sylvie Moulin

Many Children Left Behind? Textbooks and Test Scores in Kenya
w13303 Miguel Urquiola
Eric Verhoogen

Class Size and Sorting in Market Equilibrium: Theory and Evidence
w13292 Victor Lavy
Analía Schlosser

Mechanisms and Impacts of Gender Peer Effects at School
w13292 Victor Lavy
Analía Schlosser

Mechanisms and Impacts of Gender Peer Effects at School
w13293 Derek Neal
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Left Behind By Design: Proficiency Counts and Test-Based Accountability
w13272 Glenn Ellison
Is Peer Review in Decline?
w13279 Elizabeth Cascio
Nora Gordon
Ethan Lewis
Sarah Reber

From Brown to Busing
w13279 Elizabeth Cascio
Nora Gordon
Ethan Lewis
Sarah Reber

From Brown to Busing
w13262 Jeffrey S. DeSimone
Fraternity Membership and Drinking Behavior
w13217 Janet Currie
Mark Stabile

Mental Health in Childhood and Human Capital
w13192 Sarah J. Reber
From Separate and Unequal to Integrated and Equal? School Desegregation and School Finance in Louisiana
w13193 Sarah J. Reber
School Desegregation and Educational Attainment for Blacks
w13175 Albert Yung-Hsu Liu
Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Jesenka Mrdjenovic

Diffusion of Common Application Membership and Admissions Outcomes at American Colleges and Universities
w13182 Florian Hoffman
Philip Oreopoulos

A Professor Like Me: The Influence of Instructor Gender on College Achievement
w13152 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

Altruism and the Child-Cycle of Alumni Giving
w13117 Jesse Rothstein
Cecilia Elena Rouse

Constrained After College: Student Loans and Early Career Occupational Choices
w13070 Una Okonkwo Osili
Bridget Terry Long

Does Female Schooling Reduce Fertility? Evidence from Nigeria
w13036 Roland G. Fryer
Michael Greenstone

The Causes and Consequences of Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities
w13038 Bruce A. Weinberg
Social Interactions with Endogenous Associations
w13027 Alan B. Krueger
David A. Schkade

The Reliability of Subjective Well-Being Measures
w13009 Justine S. Hastings
Jeffrey M. Weinstein

No Child Left Behind: Estimating the Impact on Choices and Student Outcomes
w13016 James J. Heckman
Dimitriy V. Masterov

The Productivity Argument for Investing in Young Children
w12995 Justine S. Hastings
Richard Van Weelden
Jeffrey Weinstein

Preferences, Information, and Parental Choice Behavior in Public School Choice
w12984 Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

The Race between Education and Technology: The Evolution of U.S. Educational Wage Differentials, 1890 to 2005
w12988 Jacob Vigdor
Jens Ludwig

Segregation and the Black-White Test Score Gap
w12960 Eric A. Hanushek
Kuzey Yilmaz

Schools and Location: Tiebout, Alonso, and Government Policy
w12973 Jens Ludwig
Deborah A. Phillips

The Benefits and Costs of Head Start
w12941 Ginger Zhe Jin
Alex Whalley

The Power of Attention: Do Rankings Affect the Financial Resources of Public Colleges?
w12941 Ginger Zhe Jin
Alex Whalley

The Power of Attention: Do Rankings Affect the Financial Resources of Public Colleges?
w12907 Thomas DeLeire
Leonard M. Lopoo
Kosali I. Simon

Medicaid Expansions and Fertility in the United States
w12868 Isaac Ehrlich
The Mystery of Human Capital as Engine of Growth, or Why the US Became the Economic Superpower in the 20th Century
w12857 Ming-Jen Lin
Jin-Tan Liu
Shin-Yi Chou

As Low Birth Weight Babies Grow, Can 'Good' Parents Buffer this Adverse Factor? A Research Note.
w12863 Pietro Garibaldi
Francesco Giavazzi
Andrea Ichino
Enrico Rettore

College Cost and Time to Complete a Degree: Evidence from Tuition Discontinuities
w12832 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

The Role of School Improvement in Economic Development
w12844 Bruce A. Weinberg
Belton M. Fleisher
Masanori Hashimoto

Evaluating Methods for Evaluating Instruction: The Case of Higher Education
w12817 Brian A. Jacob
Test-Based Accountability and Student Achievement: An Investigation of Differential Performance on NAEP and State Assessments
w12828 Charles T. Clotfelter
Helen F. Ladd
Jacob L. Vigdor

How and Why do Teacher Credentials Matter for Student Achievement?
2006
w12803 Allan Begosh
John Goldsmith
Ed Hass
Randall W. Lutter
Clark Nardinelli
John A. Vernon

Black Box Warnings and Drug Safety: Examining the Determinants and Timing of FDA Warning Labels
w12790 Joshua Angrist
Daniel Lang
Philip Oreopoulos

Lead Them to Water and Pay Them to Drink: An Experiment with Services and Incentives for College Achievement
w12790 Joshua Angrist
Daniel Lang
Philip Oreopoulos

Lead Them to Water and Pay Them to Drink: An Experiment with Services and Incentives for College Achievement
w12737 Eric A. Hanushek
Victor Lavy
Kohtaro Hitomi

Do Students Care about School Quality? Determinants of Dropout Behavior in Developing Countries
w12689 Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Harsha Thirumurthy
Markus Goldstein

AIDS Treatment and Intrahousehold Resource Allocations: Children's Nutrition and Schooling in Kenya
w12665 Matthias Doepke
Dirk Krueger

Origins and Consequences of Child Labor Restrictions: A Macroeconomic Perspective
w12664 Eric A. Hanushek
Lei Zhang

Quality-Consistent Estimates of International Returns to Skill
w12651 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

School Quality and the Black-White Achievement Gap
w12652 Eliot A. Jamison
Dean T. Jamison
Eric A. Hanushek

The Effects of Education Quality on Income Growth and Mortality Decline
w12627 David N. Figlio
Lawrence Kenny

Individual Teacher Incentives And Student Performance
w12628 Colleen Donovan
David N. Figlio
Mark Rush

Cramming: The Effects of School Accountability on College-Bound Students
w12640 Carlos Rosell
Ajay Agrawal

University Patenting: Estimating the Diminishing Breadth of Knowledge Diffusion and Consumption
w12596 Florian Hoffmann
Philip Oreopoulos

Professor Qualities and Student Achievement
w12553 Jeffrey G. Williamson
Inequality and Schooling Responses to Globalization Forces: Lessons from History
w12472 Philip J. Cook
Rebecca Hutchinson

Smoke Signals: Adolescent Smoking and School Continuation
w12424 John Bound
Sarah Turner

Cohort Crowding: How Resources Affect Collegiate Attainment
w12352 David M. Cutler
Adriana Lleras-Muney

Education and Health: Evaluating Theories and Evidence
w12325 Dean Yang
International Migration, Remittances, and Household Investment: Evidence from Philippine Migrants' Exchange Rate Shocks
w12304 Weili Ding
Steven F. Lehrer
J. Niels Rosenquist
Janet Audrain-McGovern

The Impact of Poor Health on Education: New Evidence Using Genetic Markers
w12305 Weili Ding
Steven F. Lehrer

Do Peers Affect Student Achievement in China's Secondary Schools?
w12285 Charles Clotfelter
Elizabeth Glennie
Helen Ladd
Jacob Vigdor

Would Higher Salaries Keep Teachers in High-Poverty Schools? Evidence from a Policy Intervention in North Carolina
w12286 Julie Berry Cullen
Randall Reback

Tinkering Toward Accolades: School Gaming Under a Performance Accountability System
w12291 John Cawley
Richard V. Burkhauser

Beyond BMI: The Value of More Accurate Measures of Fatness and Obesity in Social Science Research
w12282 Erica Field
Educational Debt Burden and Career Choice: Evidence from a Financial Aid Experiment at NYU Law School
w12245 E. Han Kim
Adair Morse
Luigi Zingales

Are Elite Universities Losing Their Competitive Edge?
w12251 Zeynep Hansen
Hideo Owan
Jie Pan

The Impact of Group Diversity on Performance and Knowledge Spillover -- An Experiment in a College Classroom
w12199 Thomas S. Dee
Brian A. Jacob

Do High School Exit Exams Influence Educational Attainment or Labor Market Performance?
w12207 Charles T. Clotfelter
Helen F. Ladd
Jacob L. Vigdor

The Academic Achievement Gap in Grades 3 to 8
w12179 Elizabeth Cascio
Public Preschool and Maternal Labor Supply: Evidence from the Introduction of Kindergartens into American Public Schools
w12180 Andreas Ammermueller
Jörn-Steffen Pischke

Peer Effects in European Primary Schools: Evidence from PIRLS
w12139 Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz
Ilyana Kuziemko

The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the College Gender Gap
w12145 Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Preferences and Heterogeneous Treatment Effects in a Public School Choice Lottery
w12145 Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Preferences and Heterogeneous Treatment Effects in a Public School Choice Lottery
w12145 Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Preferences and Heterogeneous Treatment Effects in a Public School Choice Lottery
w12176 Jörn-Steffen Pischke
Alan Manning

Comprehensive versus Selective Schooling in England in Wales: What Do We Know?
w12176 Jörn-Steffen Pischke
Alan Manning

Comprehensive versus Selective Schooling in England in Wales: What Do We Know?
w12155 Thomas J. Kane
Jonah E. Rockoff
Douglas O. Staiger

What Does Certification Tell Us About Teacher Effectiveness? Evidence from New York City
w12093 Raghuram G. Rajan
Competitive Rent Preservation, Reform Paralysis, and the Persistence of Underdevelopment
w12064 Jeffrey Groen
George Jakubson
Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Scott Condie
Albert Yung-Hsu Liu

Program Design and Student Outcomes in Graduate Education
w12065 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
George Jakubson
Jeffrey Groen
Eric So
Joseph Price

Inside the Black Box of Doctoral Education: What Program Characteristics Influence Doctoral Students' Attrition and Graduation Probabilities?
w12066 Roland G. Fryer
Steven D. Levitt

Testing for Racial Differences in the Mental Ability of Young Children
w12078 David Card
Jesse Rothstein

Racial Segregation and the Black-White Test Score Gap
w12047 Nora Gordon
Brian Knight

The Causes of Political Integration: An Application to School Districts
w12056 Howard Bodenhorn
Single Parenthood and Childhood Outcomes in the Mid-Nineteenth Century Urban South
w12021 Matthew Gentzkow
Jesse M. Shapiro

Does Television Rot Your Brain? New Evidence from the Coleman Study
w12029 Christopher Avery
Caroline Hoxby
Clement Jackson
Kaitlin Burek
Glenn Pope
Mridula Raman

Cost Should Be No Barrier: An Evaluation of the First Year of Harvard's Financial Aid Initiative
w12029 Christopher Avery
Caroline Hoxby
Clement Jackson
Kaitlin Burek
Glenn Pope
Mridula Raman

Cost Should Be No Barrier: An Evaluation of the First Year of Harvard's Financial Aid Initiative
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Caroline Hoxby
Clement Jackson
Kaitlin Burek
Glenn Pope
Mridula Raman

Cost Should Be No Barrier: An Evaluation of the First Year of Harvard's Financial Aid Initiative
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Mark Stabile
Randy Walld
Leslie Roos

Short, Medium, and Long Term Consequences of Poor Infant Health: An Analysis using Siblings and Twins
w12005 Joshua Angrist
Aimee Chin
Ricardo Godoy

Is Spanish-Only Schooling Responsible for the Puerto Rican Language Gap?
w12019 Naci Mocan
Erdal Tekin

Ugly Criminals
w11990 Donald S. Kenkel
Dean R. Lillard
Alan D. Mathios

The Roles of High School Completion and GED Receipt in Smoking and Obesity
w11965 Atila Abdulkadiroglu
Parag Pathak
Alvin E. Roth
Tayfun Sonmez

Changing the Boston School Choice Mechanism
w11969 Victor Lavy
From Forced Busing to Free Choice in Public Schools: Quasi-Experimental Evidence of Individual and General Effects
w11970 Christiana Stoddard
Peter Kuhn

Incentives and Effort in the Public Sector: Have U.S. Education Reforms Increased Teachers' Work Hours?
w11970 Christiana Stoddard
Peter Kuhn

Incentives and Effort in the Public Sector: Have U.S. Education Reforms Increased Teachers' Work Hours?
w11936 Charles T. Clotfelter
Helen F. Ladd
Jacob L. Vigdor

Teacher-Student Matching and the Assessment of Teacher Effectiveness
w11909 Lisa Sanbonmatsu
Jeffrey R. Kling
Greg J. Duncan
Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

Neighborhoods and Academic Achievement: Results from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment
2005
w11904 Abhijit Banerjee
Shawn Cole
Esther Duflo
Leigh Linden

Remedying Education: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments in India
w11880 Esther Duflo
Rema Hanna

Monitoring Works: Getting Teachers to Come to School
w11880 Esther Duflo
Rema Hanna

Monitoring Works: Getting Teachers to Come to School
w11844 Donald Boyd
Pamela Grossman
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb
James Wyckoff

How Changes in Entry Requirements Alter the Teacher Workforce and Affect Student Achievement
w11846 Richard J. Murnane
Richard R. Nelson

Improving the Performance of the Education Sector: The Valuable, Challenging, and Limited Role of Random Assignment Evaluations
w11812 Susanna Loeb
Margaret Bridges
Bruce Fuller
Russ Rumberger
Daphna Bassok

How Much is Too Much? The Influence of Preschool Centers on Children's Social and Cognitive Development
w11794 Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger
Jeffrey M. Weinstein

The Effect of Randomized School Admissions on Voter Participation
w11802 Patrick Bayer
Robert McMillan

Choice and Competition in Local Education Markets
w11805 Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Parental Preferences and School Competition: Evidence from a Public School Choice Program
w11805 Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Parental Preferences and School Competition: Evidence from a Public School Choice Program
w11725 Eric Bettinger
Robert Slonim

Using Experimental Economics to Measure the Effects of a Natural Educational Experiment on Altruism
w11702 Jens Ludwig
Douglas L. Miller

Does Head Start Improve Children's Life Chances? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design
w11660 Thomas S. Dee
Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement
w11670 Claudia Uribe
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett
Marie Andrée Somers

Expanding School Enrollment by Subsidizing Private Schools: Lessons from Bogotá
w11636 David Neumark
Donna Rothstein

Do School-To-Work Programs Help the "Forgotten Half"?
w11597 David N. Figlio
Cecilia Rouse

Do Accountability and Voucher Threats Improve Low-Performing Schools?
w11597 David N. Figlio
Cecilia Rouse

Do Accountability and Voucher Threats Improve Low-Performing Schools?
w11604 Susan Dynarski
Building the Stock of College-Educated Labor
w11604 Susan Dynarski
Building the Stock of College-Educated Labor
w11604 Susan Dynarski
Building the Stock of College-Educated Labor
w11582 Michael Grossman
Education and Nonmarket Outcomes
w11494 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren

What Do Parents Value in Education? An Empirical Investigation of Parents' Revealed Preferences for Teachers
w11457 Richard B. Freeman
Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership?
w11437 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Liang Zhang
Jared Levin

Crafting A Class: The Trade Off Between Merit Scholarships and Enrolling Lower-Income Students
w11445 Alan Krueger
Jesse Rothstein
Sarah Turner

Race, Income, and College in 25 Years: The Continuing Legacy of Segregation and Discrimination
w11414 Jorn-Steffen Pischke
Till von Wachter

Zero Returns to Compulsory Schooling In Germany: Evidence and Interpretation
w11411 John Cawley
Chad D. Meyerhoefer
David Newhouse

The Impact of State Physical Education Requirements on Youth Physical Activity and Overweight
w11390 Philip J. Cook
Jens Ludwig

Assigning Deviant Youths to Minimize Total Harm
w11394 Orley Ashenfelter
William J. Collins
Albert Yoon

Evaluating the Role of Brown vs. Board of Education in School Equalization, Desegregation, and the Income of African Americans
w11359 Benjamin F. Jones
Age and Great Invention
w11360 Benjamin F. Jones
The Burden of Knowledge and the 'Death of the Renaissance Man': Is Innovation Getting Harder?
w11334 Roland G. Fryer
Jr.
Paul Torelli

An Empirical Analysis of 'Acting White'
w11337 Pinka Chatterji
Jeff DeSimone

Adolescent Drinking and High School Dropout
w11325 Eric P. Bettinger
Bridget Terry Long

Addressing the Needs of Under-Prepared Students in Higher Education: Does College Remediation Work?
w11331 Flavio Cunha
James J. Heckman
Lance Lochner
Dimitriy V. Masterov

Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation
w11331 Flavio Cunha
James J. Heckman
Lance Lochner
Dimitriy V. Masterov

Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation
w11331 Flavio Cunha
James J. Heckman
Lance Lochner
Dimitriy V. Masterov

Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation
w11277 David N. Figlio
Boys Named Sue: Disruptive Children and their Peers
w11260 Frank F. Furstenberg
Jr.
David Neumark

School-to-Career and Post-Secondary Education: Evidence from the Philadelphia Educational Longitudinal Study
w11252 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin
Gregory F. Branch

Charter School Quality and Parental Decision Making With School Choice
w11215 Jesse Rothstein
Does Competition Among Public Schools Benefit Students and Taxpayers? A Comment on Hoxby (2000)
w11216 Caroline M. Hoxby
Competition Among Public Schools: A Reply to Rothstein (2004)
w11177 Patricia M. Anderson
Kristin F. Butcher

Reading, Writing and Raisinets: Are School Finances Contributing to Children's Obesity?
w11194 David N. Figlio
Testing, Crime and Punishment
w11195 David N. Figlio
Names, Expectations and the Black-White Test Score Gap
w11142 James J. Heckman
Lessons from the Technology of Skill Formation
w11154 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Daniel M. O'Brien
Steven G. Rivkin

The Market for Teacher Quality
w11124 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

Does Educational Tracking Affect Performance and Inequality? Differences-in-Differences Evidence across Countries
w11100 David Cutler
Edward Glaeser

What Explains Differences in Smoking, Drinking and Other Health-Related Behaviors
w11113 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Ethan G. Lewis

Schooling and the AFQT: Evidence from School Entry Laws
w11086 Charles T. Clotfelter
Helen F. Ladd
Jacob L. Vigdor

Federal Oversight, Local Control, and the Specter of "Resegregation" in Southern Schools
w11049 Roland G. Fryer
Steven D. Levitt

The Black-White Test Score Gap Through Third Grade
w11024 Flavio Cunha
James J. Heckman
Salvador Navarro

Separating Uncertainty from Heterogeneity in Life Cycle Earnings
w11032 James J. Heckman
Dimitriy V. Masterov

Allander Series: Skill Policies for Scotland
w11032 James J. Heckman
Dimitriy V. Masterov

Allander Series: Skill Policies for Scotland
w11032 James J. Heckman
Dimitriy V. Masterov

Allander Series: Skill Policies for Scotland
w11035 Jeff DeSimone
Amy M. Wolaver

Drinking and Academic Performance in High School
2004
w10971 Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel
Rebecca Thornton

Incentives to Learn
w10911 Sandra E. Black
Paul J. Devereaux
Kjell Salvanes

Fast Times at Ridgemont High? The Effect of Compulsory Schooling Laws on Teenage Births
w10931 Ann Dryden Witte
Marisol Trowbridge

The Structure of Early Care and Education in the United States: Historical Evolution and International Comparisons
w10894 Bruce Sacerdote
What Happens When We Randomly Assign Children to Families?
w10871 Patrick Bayer
Fernando Ferreira
Robert McMillan

Tiebout Sorting, Social Multipliers and the Demand for School Quality
w10879 Paul Willen
Igal Hendel
Joel Shapiro

Educational Opportunity and Income Inequality
w10844 Eric D. Gould
Victor Lavy
M. Daniele Paserman

Does Immigration Affect the Long-Term Educational Outcomes of Natives? Quasi-Experimental Evidence
w10803 Christopher Avery
Mark Glickman
Caroline Hoxby
Andrew Metrick

A Revealed Preference Ranking of U.S. Colleges and Universities
w10804 Christian A. L. Hilber
Christopher J. Mayer

Why Do Households Without Children Support Local Public Schools?
w10809 Daniel S. Hamermesh
Stephen G. Donald

The Effect of College Curriculum on Earnings: Accounting for Non-Ignorable Non-Response Bias
w10758 Richard A. Jensen
Marie C. Thursby

Patent Licensing and the Research University
w10720 Sandra E. Black
Paul G. Devereux
Kjell G. Salvanes

The More the Merrier? The Effect of Family Composition on Children's Education
w10711 Eric A. Hanushek
Charles Ka Yui Leung
Kuzey Yilmaz

Borrowing Constraints, College Aid, and Intergenerational Mobility
w10713 Joshua Angrist
Eric Bettinger
Michael Kremer

Long-Term Consequences of Secondary School Vouchers: Evidence from Administrative Records in Colombia
w10666 Jesse Rothstein
Good Principals or Good Peers? Parental Valuation of School Characteristics, Tiebout Equilibrium, and the Effects of Inter-district Competition
w10670 David Blau
Janet Currie

Preschool, Day Care, and Afterschool Care: Who's Minding the Kids?
w10670 David Blau
Janet Currie

Preschool, Day Care, and Afterschool Care: Who's Minding the Kids?
w10678 Victor Lavy
Do Gender Stereotypes Reduce Girls' Human Capital Outcomes? Evidence from a Natural Experiment
w10695 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Liang Zhang

Do Tenured and Tenure-Track Faculty Matter?
w10658 Thomas Kane
Evaluating the Impact of the D.C. Tuition Assistance Grant Program
w10622 Victor Lavy
Performance Pay and Teachers' Effort, Productivity and Grading Ethics
w10575 Victor Lavy
Analia Schlosser

Targeted Remedial Education for Under-Performing Teenagers: Costs and Benefits
w10576 Barry Eichengreen
Pipat Luengnaruemitchai

Why Doesn't Asia Have Bigger Bond Markets?
w10591 Eric A. Hanushek
Margaret E. Raymond

Does School Accountability Lead to Improved Student Performance?
w10513 Lucia Breierova
Esther Duflo

The Impact of Education on Fertility and Child Mortality: Do Fathers Really Matter Less Than Mothers?
w10528 Christine Jolls
Identifying the Effects of the Americans with Disabilities Act Using State-Law Variation: Preliminary Evidence on Educational Participation Effects
w10470 Susan M. Dynarski
Who Benefits from the Education Saving Incentives? Income, Educational Expectations, and the Value of the 529 and Coverdell
w10452 Katherine A. Magnuson
Christopher J. Ruhm
Jane Waldfogel

Does Prekindergarten Improve School Preparation and Performance?
w10435 Janet Currie
Mark Stabile

Child Mental Health and Human Capital Accumulation: The Case of ADHD
w10369 Eric Bettinger
Bridget Terry Long

Shape Up or Ship Out: The Effects of Remediation on Students at Four-Year Colleges
w10370 Eric Bettinger
Bridget Terry Long

Do College Instructors Matter? The Effects of Adjuncts and Graduate Assistants on Students' Interests and Success
w10366 David Card
Alan B. Krueger

Would the Elimination of Affirmative Action Affect Highly Qualified Minority Applicants? Evidence from California and Texas
w10347 Dirk Krueger
Jessica Tjornhom Donohue

On the Distributional Consequences of Child Labor Legislation
w10349 George J. Borjas
Do Foreign Students Crowd Out Native Students from Graduate Programs?
w10357 Susan M. Dynarski
Tax Policy and Education Policy: Collision or Coordination? A Case Study of the 529 and Coverdell Saving Incentives
w10315 Cecilia E. Rouse
Alan B. Krueger

Putting Computerized Instruction to the Test: A Randomized Evaluation of a "Scientifically-based" Reading Program
w10242 Eric Bettinger
How Financial Aid Affects Persistence
2003
w10155 Philip Oreopoulos
Do Dropouts Drop Out Too Soon? International Evidence From Changes in School-Leaving Laws
w10155 Philip Oreopoulos
Do Dropouts Drop Out Too Soon? International Evidence From Changes in School-Leaving Laws
w10164 Philip Oreopoulos
Marianne E. Page
Ann Huff Stevens

Does Human Capital Transfer from Parent to Child? The Intergenerational Effects of Compulsory Schooling
w10112 Katharine Abraham
Melissa A. Clark

Financial Aid and Students' College Decisions: Evidence from the District of Columbia's Tuition Assistance Grant Program
w10113 Julie Berry Cullen
Brian A. Jacob
Steven Levitt

The Effect of School Choice on Student Outcomes: Evidence from Randomized Lotteries
w10118 Kenneth Y. Chay
Patrick J. McEwan
Miguel Urquiola

The Central Role of Noise in Evaluating Interventions that Use Test Scores to Rank Schools
w10103 Roland Fryer
Glenn C. Loury
Tolga Yuret

Color-Blind Affirmative Action
w10075 Claudia Goldin
Lawrence Katz

Mass Secondary Schooling and the State
w10091 Janet Currie
Matthew Neidell

Getting Inside the "Black Box" of Head Start Quality: What Matters and What Doesn't?
w10066 Sandra E. Black
Paul J. Devereux
Kjell G. Salvanes

Why the Apple Doesn't Fall Far: Understanding Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital
w10008 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Miguel Urquiola

When Schools Compete, How Do They Compete? An Assessment of Chile's Nationwide School Voucher Program
w9963 Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
Karen E. Ross
Jeanne Ringel

Does Marijuana Use Impair Human Capital Formation?
w9953 Donald Boyd
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb

The Draw of Home: How Teachers' Preferences for Proximity Disadvantage Urban Schools
w9954 Susanna Loeb
Bruce Fuller
Sharon Lynn Kagan
Bidemi Carrol
Judith Carroll

Child Care in Poor Communities: Early Learning Effects of Type, Quality, and Stability
w9958 Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

The "Virtues" of the Past: Education in the First Hundred Years of the New Republic
w9878 Donald Boyd
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb
James Wyckoff

Analyzing the Determinants of the Matching Public School Teachers to Jobs: Estimating Compensating Differentials in Imperfect Labor Markets
w9871 Leemore S. Dafny
Entry Deterrence in Hospital Procedure Markets: A Simple Model of Learning-By-Doing
w9876 Michael Kremer
Dan M. Levy

Peer Effects and Alcohol Use Among College Students
w9853 Daniel Hamermesh
Amy M. Parker

Beauty in the Classroom: Professors' Pulchritude and Putative Pedagogical Productivity
w9799 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano
Holger Sieg

The Practice and Proscription of Affirmative Action in Higher Education:An Equilibrium Analysis
w9799 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano
Holger Sieg

The Practice and Proscription of Affirmative Action in Higher Education:An Equilibrium Analysis
w9769 Robert Kaestner
Won Chan Lee

The Effect of Welfare Reform on Prenatal Care and Birth Weight
w9770 William J. Collins
Robert A. Margo

Historical Perspectives on Racial Differences in Schooling in the United States
w9766 Alejandra Cox Edwards
Manuelita Ureta

International Migration, Remittances, and Schooling: Evidence from El Salvador
w9738 Sherry Glied
Adriana Lleras-Muney

Health Inequality, Education and Medical Innovation
w9720 Bridget Terry Long
Does the Format of a Financial Aid Program Matter? The Effect of State In-Kind Tuition Subsidies
w9702 Scott Adams
David Neumark

Living Wage Effects: New and Improved Evidence
w9703 Thomas J. Kane
A Quasi-Experimental Estimate of the Impact of Financial Aid on College-Going
w9683 George M. Holmes
Jeff DeSimone
Nicholas G. Rupp

Does School Choice Increase School Quality?
w9641 Enrico Moretti
Human Capital Externalities in Cities
w9653 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren

Are Idle Hands the Devil's Workshop? Incapacitation, Concentration and Juvenile Crime
w9627 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Michael J. Rizzo
George H. Jakubson

Who Bears the Growing Cost of Science at Universities?
w9603 Jeffrey A. Groen
Michelle J. White

In-State versus Out-of State Students: The Divergence of Interest between Public Universities and State Governments
w9603 Jeffrey A. Groen
Michelle J. White

In-State versus Out-of State Students: The Divergence of Interest between Public Universities and State Governments
w9588 Thomas S. Dee
Are There Civic Returns to Education?
w9584 Kevin Milligan
Enrico Moretti
Philip Oreopoulos

Does Education Improve Citizenship? Evidence from the U.S. and the U.K.
w9540 Dana P. Goldman
Neeraj Sood
Arleen Leibowitz

The Reallocation of Compensation in Response to Health Insurance Premium Increases
w9541 Julan Du
Shang-Jin Wei

Does Insider Trading Raise Market Volatility?
w9553 Bridget Terry Long
The Impact of Federal Tax Credits for Higher Education Expenses
w9516 Michael J. Rizzo
Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Resident and Nonresident Tuition and Enrollment at Flagship State Universities
w9495 James Heckman
Pedro Carneiro

Human Capital Policy
w9495 James Heckman
Pedro Carneiro

Human Capital Policy
w9501 Gordon C. Winston
David J. Zimmerman

Peer Effects in Higher Education
w9505 Jennifer Ma
Education Saving Incentives and Household Saving: Evidence from the 2000 TIAA-CREF Survey of Participant Finances
w9482 Christopher Avery
Caroline M. Hoxby

Do and Should Financial Aid Packages Affect Students' College Choices?
w9448 Cameron Howell
Sarah E. Turner

Legacies in Black and White: The Racial Composition of the Legacy Pool
w9438 Lee Branstetter
Yoshiaki Nakamura

Is Japan's Innovative Capacity in Decline?
w9413 Brian A. Jacob
Steven D. Levitt

Rotten Apples: An Investigation of the Prevalence and Predictors of Teacher Cheating
w9414 Brian A. Jacob
Steven D. Levitt

Catching Cheating Teachers: The Results of an Unusual Experiment in Implementing Theory
w9418 Alan B. Krueger
Pei Zhu

Another Look at the New York City School Voucher Experiment
2002
w9400 Susan Dynarski
The Consequences of Merit Aid
w9386 Yishay Yafeh
An International Perspective of Japan's Corporate Groups and their Prospects
w9389 Joshua D. Angrist
Victor Lavy

The Effect of High School Matriculation Awards: Evidence from Randomized Trials
w9389 Joshua D. Angrist
Victor Lavy

The Effect of High School Matriculation Awards: Evidence from Randomized Trials
w9358 Joseph G. Altonji
Todd E. Elder
Christopher R. Taber

An Evaluation of Instrumental Variable Strategies for Estimating the Effects of Catholic Schools
w9360 Janet Currie
Enrico Moretti

Mother's Education and the Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital: Evidence from College Openings and Longitudinal Data
w9354 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano

Educational Vouchers and Cream Skimming
w9319 David N. Figlio
Joshua Winicki

Food for Thought: The Effects of School Accountability Plans on School Nutrition
w9307 David N. Figlio
Lawrence S. Getzler

Accountability , Ability and Disability: Gaming the System
w9310 Sandra E. Black
Amir Sufi

Who Goes to College? Differential Enrollment by Race and Family Background
w9316 Enrico Moretti
Human Capital Spillovers in Manufacturing: Evidence from Plant-Level Production Functions
w9263 Joshua D. Angrist
Kevin Lang

How Important are Classroom Peer Effects? Evidence from Boston's Metco Program
w9234 Raquel Fernandez
Alessandra Fogli
Claudia Olivetti

Marrying Your Mom: Preference Transmission and Women's Labor and Education Choices
w9205 Christopher Jepsen
Steven Rivkin

What is the Tradeoff Between Smaller Classes and Teacher Quality?
w9225 Peter Cappelli
Why Do Employers Pay For College?
w9228 David M. Linsenmeier
Harvey S. Rosen
Cecilia Elena Rouse

Financial Aid Packages and College Enrollment Decisions: An Econometric Case Study
w9145 Vincent Hogan
Roberto Rigobon

Using Heteroscedasticity to Estimate the Returns to Education
w9172 H. Naci Mocan
Erdal Tekin

Catholic Schools and Bad Behavior: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis
w9180 Sean P. Corcoran
William N. Evans
Robert S. Schwab

Changing Labor Market Opportunities for Women and the Quality of Teachers 1957-1992
w9185 Adriana Lleras-Muney
Frank R. Lichtenberg

The Effect of Education on Medical Technology Adoption: Are the More Educated More Likely to Use New Drugs
w9108 Enrico Moretti
Estimating the Social Return to Higher Education: Evidence From Longitudinal and Repeated Cross-Sectional Data
w9088 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Randy A. Ehrenberg
Christopher L. Smith
Liang Zhang

Why Do School District Budget Referenda Fail?
w9090 Austan Goolsbee
Jonathan Guryan

The Impact of Internet Subsidies in Public Schools
w9071 Eric A. Hanushek
The Long Run Importance of School Quality
w9054 Lisa Barrow
Cecilia Elena Rouse

Using Market Valuation to Assess Public School Spending
w9055 Pedro Carneiro
James J. Heckman

The Evidence on Credit Constraints in Post-Secondary Schooling
w9040 Eric A. Hanushek
The Failure of Input-based Schooling Policies
w9044 Sarah E. Turner
John Bound

Closing the Gap or Widening the Divide: The Effects of the G.I. Bill and World War II on the Educational Outcomes of Black Americans
w9025 Peter Arcidiacono
Sean Nicholson

Peer Effects in Medical School
w9028 Kerwin Kofi Charles
Ming-Ching Luoh

Gender Differences in Completed Schooling
w8975 Roland G. Fryer
Jr.
Steven D. Levitt

Understanding the Black-White Test Score Gap in the First Two Years of School
w8986 Adriana Lleras-Muney
The Relationship Between Education and Adult Mortality in the United States
w8964 Brian A. Jacob
Where the boys aren't: Non-cognitive skills, returns to school and the gender gap in higher education
w8965 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Studying Ourselves: The Academic Labor Market
w8968 Brian A. Jacob
Accountability, Incentives and Behavior: The Impact of High-Stakes Testing in the Chicago Public Schools
w8968 Brian A. Jacob
Accountability, Incentives and Behavior: The Impact of High-Stakes Testing in the Chicago Public Schools
w8949 Eric A. Hanushek
Javier A. Luque

Efficiency and Equity in Schools around the World
w8918 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren

Remedial Education and Student Achievement: A Regression-Discontinuity Analysis
w8918 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren

Remedial Education and Student Achievement: A Regression-Discontinuity Analysis
w8916 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren

The Impact of Teacher Training on Student Achievement: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from School Reform Efforts in Chicago
w8916 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren

The Impact of Teacher Training on Student Achievement: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from School Reform Efforts in Chicago
w8898 Peter Temin
Teacher Quality and the Future of America
w8885 Esther Duflo
Emmanuel Saez

The Role of Information and Social Interactions in Retirement Plan Decisions: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment
w8873 Caroline M. Hoxby
School Choice and School Productivity (or Could School Choice be a Tide that Lifts All Boats?)
w8875 Alan B. Krueger
Economic Considerations and Class Size
w8855 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Cost of Accountability
w8861 Daniel B. Klaff
Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Collective Bargaining and Staff Salaries in American Colleges and Universities
w8840 Pedro Carneiro
Karsten T. Hansen
James J. Heckman

Removing the Veil of Ignorance in Assessing the Distributional Impacts of Social Policies
w8815 Lance Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Human Capital Formation with Endogenous Credit Constraints
w8799 Eric A. Hanushek
Publicly Provided Education
w8792 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Christopher L. Smith

Within State Transitions from 2-Year to 4-Year Public Institutions
w8741 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

New Evidence about Brown v. Board of Education: The Complex Effects of School Racial Composition on Achievement
2001
w8580 Raquel Fernandez
Nezih Guner
John Knowles

Love and Money: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of Household Sorting and Inequality
w8599 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

Why Public Schools Lose Teachers
w8605 Lance Lochner
Enrico Moretti

The Effect of Education on Crime: Evidence from Prison Inmates, Arrests, and Self-Reports
w8502 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Jacob M. Markman
Steven G. Rivkin

Does Peer Ability Affect Student Achievement?
w8555 John Bound
Jeffrey Groen
Gabor Kezdi
Sarah Turner

Trade in University Training: Cross-State Variation in the Production and Use of College-Educated Labor
w8563 Adriana Lleras-Muney
Were Compulsory Attendance and Child Labor Laws Effective? An Analysis from 1915 to 1939
w8479 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

Disruption versus Tiebout Improvement: The Costs and Benefits of Switching Schools
w8432 Thomas S. Dee
Teachers, Race and Student Achievement in a Randomized Experiment
w8355 Thomas J. Nechyba
Centralization, Fiscal Federalism and Private School Attendance
w8377 Raquel Fernandez
Education, Segregation and Marital Sorting: Theory and an Application to UK Data
w8378 Orley Ashenfelter
David Card

Did the Elimination of Mandatory Retirement Affect Faculty Retirement Flows?
w8343 Joshua Angrist
Eric Bettinger
Erik Bloom
Elizabeth King
Michael Kremer

Vouchers for Private Schooling in Colombia: Evidence from a Randomized Natural Experiment
w8345 Jonathan Guryan
Desegregation and Black Dropout Rates
w8307 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Christopher L. Smith

The Sources and Uses of Annual Giving at Private Research Universities
w8156 Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Improving School Accountability Measures
w8080 Bruce Sacerdote
Edward L. Glaeser

Education and Religion
w8101 Raquel Fernandez
Sorting, Education and Inequality
w8101 Raquel Fernandez
Sorting, Education and Inequality
2000
w8055 David N. Figlio
Marianne E. Page

School Choice and the Distributional Effects of Ability Tracking: Does Separation Increase Equality?
w7990 David Figlio
Jens Ludwig

Sex, Drugs, and Catholic Schools: Private Schooling and Non-Market Adolescent Behaviors
w7999 Charles T. Clotfelter
Interracial Contact in High School Extracurricular Activities
w8018 Paul Glewwe
Michael Kremer
Sylvie Moulin
Eric Zitzewitz

Retrospective vs. Prospective Analyses of School Inputs: The Case of Flip Charts in Kenya
w8019 David N. Figlio
Maurice E. Lucas

What's in a Grade? School Report Cards and House Prices
w7949 Bruce Sacerdote
The Nature and Nurture of Economic Outcomes
w7956 Dennis Epple
David Figlio
Richard Romano

Competition Between Private and Public Schools: Testing Stratification and Pricing Predictions
w7956 Dennis Epple
David Figlio
Richard Romano

Competition Between Private and Public Schools: Testing Stratification and Pricing Predictions
w7985 David N. Figlio
Maurice E. Lucas

Do High Grading Standards Affect Student Performance?
w7986 Daron Acemoglu
Jorn-Steffen Pischke

Changes in the Wage Structure, Family Income, and Children's Education
w7874 Anne Case
I-Fen Lin
Sara McLanahan

Educational Attainment in Blended Families
w7875 Julian R. Betts
Jeff Grogger

The Impact of Grading Standards on Student Achievement, Educational Attainment, and Entry-Level Earnings
w7886 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
John L. Cheslock
Julia Epifantseva

Paying our Presidents: What do Trustees Value?
w7888 Julie Berry Cullen
Brian Jacob
Steven Levitt

The Impact of School Choice on Student Outcomes: An Analysis of the Chicago Public Schools
w7831 Joseph G. Altonji
Todd E. Elder
Christopher R. Taber

Selection on Observed and Unobserved Variables: Assessing the Effectiveness of Catholic Schools
w7854 Dennis Epple
Elizabeth Newlon
Richard Romano

Ability Tracking, School Competition, and the Distribution of Educational Benefits
w7860 Esther Duflo
Schooling and Labor Market Consequences of School Construction in Indonesia: Evidence from an Unusual Policy Experiment
w7733 David Neumark
Mary Joyce

An Introduction to School-To-Work Programs in the NLSY97: How Prevalent are They, and Which Youths do They Serve?
w7735 Esther Duflo
Emmanuel Saez

Participation and Investment Decisions in a Retirement Plan: The Influence of Colleagues' Choices
w7756 Susan Dynarski
Hope for Whom? Financial Aid for the Middle Class and Its Impact on College Attendance
w7769 David Card
Estimating the Return to Schooling: Progress on Some Persistent Econometric Problems
w7719 David Neumark
Mary Joyce

Evaluating School-To-Work Programs Using the New NLSY
w7635 George J. Borjas
Foreign-Born Teaching Assistants and the Academic Performance of Undergraduates
w7655 David Card
Thomas Lemieux

Can Falling Supply Explain the Rising Return to College for Younger Men? A Cohort-Based Analysis
w7656 Alan Krueger
Diane Whitmore

The Effect of Attending a Small Class in the Early Grades on College-Test Taking and Middle School Test Results: Evidence from Project STAR
w7658 David Card
Thomas Lemieux

Dropout and Enrollment Trends in the Post-War Period: What Went Wrong in the 1970s?
w7546 Raghuram G. Rajan
Luigi Zingales

The Firm as a Dedicated Hierarchy: A Theory of the Origin and Growth of Firms
w7457 Orley Ashenfelter
Colm Harmon
Hessel Oosterbeek

A Review of Estimates of the Schooling/Earnings Relationship, with Tests for Publication Bias
w7469 Bruce Sacerdote
Peer Effects with Random Assignment: Results for Dartmouth Roommates
w7508 Raquel Fernandez
Richard Rogerson

Sorting and Long-Run Inequality
1999
w7444 Daron Acemoglu
Joshua Angrist

How Large are the Social Returns to Education? Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws
w7452 John Bound
Sarah E. Turner

Going to War and Going to College: Did World War II and the G.I. Bill Increase Educational Attainment for Returning Veterans?
w7422 Susan M. Dynarski
Does Aid Matter? Measuring the Effect of Student Aid on College Attendance and Completion
w7424 Joshua Angrist
Victor Lavy

New Evidence on Classroom Computers and Pupil Learning
w7399 Anne Case
Motohiro Yogo

Does School Quality Matter? Returns to Education and the Characteristics of Schools in South Africa
h0119 Claudia Goldin
A Brief History of Education in the United States
w7290 Charles T. Clotfelter
Are Whites Still "Fleeing"? Racial Patterns and Enrollment Shifts in Urban Public Schools, 1987-1996
w7235 Thomas J. Kane
Cecilia Elena Rouse
Douglas Staiger

Estimating Returns to Schooling When Schooling is Misreported
w7239 Thomas J. Nechyba
A Model of Multiple Districts and Private Schools: The Role of Mobility, Targeting, and Private School Vouchers
w7172 Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett
John H. Tyler

Who Benefits from Obtaining a GED? Evidence from High School and Beyond
w7111 Raquel Fernandez
Richard Rogerson

Equity and Resources: An Analysis of Education Finance Systems
w7121 John F. Helliwell
Robert D. Putnam

Education and Social Capital
w7132 Roland Benabou
Tax and Education Policy in a Heterogeneous Agent Economy: What Levels of Redistribution Maximize Growth and Efficiency?
w7082 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

Do Higher Salaries Buy Better Teachers?
w6943 Janet Currie
Duncan Thomas

Early Test Scores, Socioeconomic Status and Future Outcomes
w6976 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Jaroslava K. Mykula

Do Indirect Costs Rates Matter?
w6902 Orley Ashenfelter
Cecilia Rouse

Schooling, Intelligence, and Income in America: Cracks in the Bell Curve
w6911 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Productivity of Schools and Other Local Public Goods Providers
1998
w6781 Joshua D. Angrist
Victor Lavy

Does Teacher Training Affect Pupil Learning? Evidence from Matched Comparisons in Jerusalem Public Schools
w6781 Joshua D. Angrist
Victor Lavy

Does Teacher Training Affect Pupil Learning? Evidence from Matched Comparisons in Jerusalem Public Schools
w6762 Jonathan Gruber
Health Insurance and the Labor Market
w6766 David Card
A. Abigail Payne

School Finance Reform, the Distribution of School Spending, and the Distribution of SAT Scores
w6718 Thomas Lemieux
David Card

Education, Earnings, and the "Canadian G.I. Bill"
w6690 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

Does Special Education Raise Academic Achievement for Students with Disabilities?
w6691 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

Teachers, Schools, and Academic Achievement
w6537 Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

The Shaping of Higher Education: The Formative Years in the United States, 1890 to 1940
w6439 Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

Human Capital and Social Capital: The Rise of Secondary Schooling in America, 1910 to 1940
w6362 Janet Currie
Duncan Thomas

School Quality and the Longer-Term Effects of Head Start
w6385 Stephen V. Cameron
James J. Heckman

Life Cycle Schooling and Dynamic Selection Bias: Models and Evidence for Five Cohorts
w6385 Stephen V. Cameron
James J. Heckman

Life Cycle Schooling and Dynamic Selection Bias: Models and Evidence for Five Cohorts
1997
w6198 Jong-Wha Lee
Robert J. Barro

Schooling Quality in a Cross Section of Countries
w6144 Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

Why the United States Led in Education: Lessons from Secondary School Expansion, 1910 to 1940
w6106 Orley Ashenfelter
Cecilia Rouse

Income, Schooling, and Ability: Evidence from a New Sample of Identical Twins
w6051 Alan B. Krueger
Experimental Estimates of Education Production Functions
w5995 Raquel Fernandez
Richard Rogerson

The Determinants of Public Education Expenditures: Evidence from the States, 1950-1990
w6003 Jeff Grogger
Local Violence, Educational Attainment, and Teacher Pay
w5964 Cecilia Elena Rouse
Private School Vouchers and Student Achievement: An Evaluation of the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program
w5888 Joshua D. Angrist
Victor Lavy

Using Maimonides' Rule to Estimate the Effect of Class Size on Student Achievement
1996
w5805 Janet Currie
Duncan Thomas

Does Head Start Help Hispanic Children?
w5733 David Neumark
Rosella Gardecki

Women Helping Women? Role-Model and Mentoring Effects on Female Ph.D. Student in Economics
w5667 B. Douglas Bernheim
Daniel M. Garrett

The Determinants and Consequences of Financial Education in the Workplace: Evidence from a Survey of Households
w5642 Thomas J. Nechyba
Public School Finance in a General Equilibrium Tiebout World: Equalization Programs, Peer Effects and Private School Vouchers
w5583 Roland Benabou
Unequal Societies
w5521 Robert Kaestner
Are Brothers Really Better? Sibling Sex Composition and Educational Achievement Revisited
w5547 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

Understanding the 20th Century Growth in U.S. School Spending
w5548 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin
Lori L. Taylor

Aggregation and the Estimated Effects of School Resources
w5450 David Card
Alan B. Krueger

Labor Market Effects of School Quality: Theory and Evidence
1995
w5399 Eric A. Hanushek
Dongwook Kim

Schooling, Labor Force Quality, and Economic Growth
w5331 Susanna Loeb
John Bound

The Effect of Measured School Inputs on Academic Achievement: Evidence from the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s Birth Cohorts
w5353 Derek Neal
The Effect of Catholic Secondary Schooling on Educational Attainment
w5369 Raquel Fernandez
Richard Rogerson

Education Finance Reform and Investment in Human Capital: Lessons from California
w5288 James Heckman
Anne Layne-Farrar
Petra Todd

The Schooling Quality-Earnings Relationship: Using Economic Theory to Interpret Functional Forms Consistent with the Evidence
w5251 Lars E.O. Svensson
Optimal Inflation Targets, `Conservative' Central Banks, and Linear Inflation Contracts
w5240 Janet Currie
Duncan Thomas

Race, Children's Cognitive Achievement and The Bell Curve
w5164 Thomas J. Kane
Rising Public College Tuition and College Entry: How Well Do Public Subsidies Promote Access to College?
w5164 Thomas J. Kane
Rising Public College Tuition and College Entry: How Well Do Public Subsidies Promote Access to College?
w5072 Joseph G. Altonji
Thomas A. Dunn

The Effects of School and Family Characteristics on the Return to Education
w5030 Christopher J. Ruhm
Is High School Employment Consumption or Investment?
1994
w4949 William N. Evans
Edward Montgomery

Education and Health: Where There's Smoke There's an Instrument
w4883 Raquel Fernandez
Richard Rogerson

Income Distribution and Public Education: A Dynamic Quantitative Evaluation of School Finance Reform
w4831 Alan Krueger
Cecilia Rouse

New Evidence on Workplace Education
w4832 David Card
Earnings, Schooling, and Ability Revisited
w4798 Roland Benabou
Education, Income Distribution and Growth: The Local Connection
w4762 Claudia Goldin
How America Graduated from High School: 1910 to 1960
w4669 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Daniel D. Goldhaber
Dominic J. Brewer

Do Teachers' Race, Gender, and Ethnicity Matter?: Evidence from NELS88
1993
w4483 David Card
Using Geographic Variation in College Proximity to Estimate the Return to Schooling
w4409 Hope Corman
Stephen Chaikind

The Effect of Low Birthweight on the Health, Behavior, and School Performance of School-Aged Children
1992
w4070 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Panagiotis G. Mavros

Do Doctoral Students' Financial Support Patterns Affect Their Times-to-Degree and Completion Probabilities
w4032 Martin Feldstein
College Scholarship Rules and Private Saving
1991
w3714 Joseph G. Altonji
The Demand for and Return to Education When Education Outcomes are Uncertain

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