NBER Papers in JEL Code F1: International Economics - Trade

w24715 Pian Shu
Claudia Steinwender

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Firm Productivity and Innovation
w24632 Pablo Fajgelbaum
Cecile Gaubert

Optimal Spatial Policies, Geography and Sorting
w24590 Réka Juhász
Claudia Steinwender

Spinning the Web: The Impact of ICT on Trade in Intermediates and Technology Diffusion
w24600 Philippe Aghion
Antonin Bergeaud
Matthieu Lequien
Marc J. Melitz

The Impact of Exports on Innovation: Theory and Evidence
w24556 Andrew B. Bernard
Andreas Moxnes

Networks and Trade
w24557 Andrew B. Bernard
Esther A. Bøler
Swati Dhingra

Firm-to-firm Connections in Colombian Imports
w24560 Felipe Benguria
Felipe Saffie
Sergio Urzúa

The Transmission of Commodity Price Super-Cycles
w24524 Chong Xiang
Stephen Yeaple

The Production of Cognitive and Non-cognitive Human Capital in the Global Economy
w24527 Ana Cecília Fieler
Ann Harrison

Escaping Import Competition and Downstream Tariffs
w24543 Ufuk Akcigit
Sina T. Ates
Giammario Impullitti

Innovation and Trade Policy in a Globalized World
w24478 Cecile Gaubert
Firm Sorting and Agglomeration
w24490 Teresa C. Fort
Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott

New Perspectives on the Decline of US Manufacturing Employment
w24427 Levent Celik
Bilgehan Karabay
John McLaren

Fast-Track Authority: A Hold-Up Interpretation.
w24407 Arnaud Costinot
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

The US Gains from Trade: Valuation Using the Demand for Foreign Factor Services
w24424 Shushanik Hakobyan
John McLaren

NAFTA and the Wages of Married Women
w24425 Xiangjun Ma
John McLaren

A Swing-State Theorem, with Evidence
w24380 Nelson Lind
Natalia Ramondo

Trade with Correlation
w24368 Jeronimo Carballo
Kyle Handley
Nuno Limão

Economic and Policy Uncertainty: Export Dynamics and the Value of Agreements
w24353 Alessandro Barattieri
Matteo Cacciatore
Fabio Ghironi

Protectionism and the Business Cycle
w24319 Shang-Jin Wei
Yinxi Xie

On the Divergence between CPI and PPI as Inflation Gauges: The Role of Supply Chains
w24344 Dani Rodrik
What Do Trade Agreements Really Do?
w24302 Marc-Andreas Muendler
James E. Rauch

Do Employee Spinoffs Learn Markets From Their Parents? Evidence From International Trade
w24273 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger
Ali Yurukoglu

Quantitative Analysis of Multi-Party Tariff Negotiations
w24251 James E. Anderson
N-S Trade with Weak Institutions
w24252 Alan de Bromhead
Alan Fernihough
Markus Lampe
Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke

The Anatomy of a Trade Collapse: The UK, 1929-33
w24254 Avi Goldfarb
Daniel Trefler

AI and International Trade
w24256 John B. Donaldson
Christos Koulovatianos
Jian Li
Rajnish Mehra

Demographics and FDI: Lessons from China's One-Child Policy
w24260 Raluca Dragusanu
Nathan Nunn

The Effects of Fair Trade Certification: Evidence from Coffee Producers in Costa Rica
w24228 Eva Lyubich
Joseph S. Shapiro
Reed Walker

Regulating Mismeasured Pollution: Implications of Firm Heterogeneity for Environmental Policy
w24185 Pol Antràs
Davin Chor

On the Measurement of Upstreamness and Downstreamness in Global Value Chains
w24151 Robert Z. Lawrence
Recent Manufacturing Employment Growth: The Exception That Proves the Rule.
w24121 Dan Liu
Christopher M. Meissner

Geography, Income, and Trade in the 21st Century
w24071 Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott

Investment Responses to Trade Liberalization: Evidence from U.S. Industries and Plants
w24078 Peter M. Morrow
Daniel Trefler

Endowments, Skill-Biased Technology, and Factor Prices: A Unified Approach to Trade
w24080 Brian J. Asquith
Sanjana Goswami
David Neumark
Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez

U.S. Job Flows and the China Shock
w24051 Stephen J. Redding
David E. Weinstein

Aggregating from Micro to Macro Patterns of Trade
w24052 Yang Jiao
Shang-Jin Wei

Intrinsic Openness and Endogenous Institutional Quality
w24056 Robert C. Feenstra
Hong Ma
Yuan Xu

US Exports and Employment
w24027 Robert C. Johnson
Measuring Global Value Chains
w24022 Robert C. Feenstra
Akira Sasahara

The 'China Shock', Exports and U.S. Employment: A Global Input-Output Analysis
w24013 Anna Gumpert
Andreas Moxnes
Natalia Ramondo
Felix Tintelnot

The Life-Cycle Dynamics of Exporters and Multinational Firms
w23988 Emine Boz
Gita Gopinath
Mikkel Plagborg-Møller

Global Trade and the Dollar
w23947 Brian K. Kovak
Lindsay Oldenski
Nicholas Sly

The Labor Market Effects of Offshoring by U.S. Multinational Firms: Evidence from Changes in Global Tax Policies
w23950 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak
Nam Ngo
Ilan Noy

Vocational Education, Manufacturing, and Income Distribution: International Evidence and Case Studies
w23893 Shang-Jin Wei
Ziru Wei
Jianhuan Xu

Sizing up Market Failures in Export Pioneering Activities
w23894 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger
Ali Yurukoglu

"Nash-in-Nash" Tariff Bargaining with and without MFN
w23868 Martin Guzman
Jose Antonio Ocampo
Joseph E. Stiglitz

Real Exchange Rate Policies for Economic Development
w23878 Nina Pavcnik
The Impact of Trade on Inequality in Developing Countries
w23857 Mark Brown
Shon M. Ferguson
Crina Viju

Agricultural Trade Reform, Reallocation and Technical Change: Evidence from the Canadian Prairies
w23825 Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke
Two Great Trade Collapses: The Interwar Period & Great Recession Compared
w23834 Carsten Eckel
Stephen R. Yeaple

Too Much of a Good Thing? Exporters, Multiproduct Firms and Labor Market Imperfections
w23836 Fabio Ghironi
Macro Needs Micro
w23774 Giovanni Maggi
Robert W. Staiger

Learning by Ruling and Trade Disputes
w23777 Enghin Atalay
Ali Hortaçsu
Mary Jialin Li
Chad Syverson

How Wide Is the Firm Border?
w23757 James E. Anderson
Mario Larch
Yoto V. Yotov

Trade and Investment in the Global Economy
w23737 Simon Galle
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare
Moises Yi

Slicing the Pie: Quantifying the Aggregate and Distributional Effects of Trade
w23678 Panle Jia Barwick
Shengmao Cao
Shanjun Li

Local Protectionism, Market Structure, and Social Welfare: China's Automobile Market
w23690 Haichao Fan
Yao Amber Li
Stephen R. Yeaple

On the Relationship Between Quality and Productivity: Evidence from China's Accession to the WTO
w23695 Lorenzo Caliendo
Luca David Opromolla
Fernando Parro
Alessandro Sforza

Goods and Factor Market Integration: A Quantitative Assessment of the EU Enlargement
w23720 Keith Head
Barbara J. Spencer

Oligopoly in International Trade: Rise, Fall and Resurgence
w23643 Christian Fons-Rosen
Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Bent E. Sorensen
Carolina Villegas-Sanchez
Vadym Volosovych

Foreign Investment and Domestic Productivity: Identifying Knowledge Spillovers and Competition Effects
w23637 Emmanuel Dhyne
Amil Petrin
Valerie Smeets
Frederic Warzynski

Multi Product Firms, Import Competition, and the Evolution of Firm-product Technical Efficiencies
w23630 Lorenzo Caliendo
Ferdinando Monte
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Exporting and Organizational Change
w23608 Michael Bailey
Ruiqing (Rachel) Cao
Theresa Kuchler
Johannes Stroebel
Arlene Wong

Measuring Social Connectedness
w23616 Sumit Agarwal
J. Bradford Jensen
Ferdinando Monte

The Geography of Consumption
w23581 Giulia Brancaccio
Myrto Kalouptsidi
Theodore Papageorgiou

Geography, Search Frictions and Endogenous Trade Costs
w23595 Rafael Dix-Carneiro
Brian K. Kovak

Margins of Labor Market Adjustment to Trade
w23487 Mary Amiti
Mi Dai
Robert C. Feenstra
John Romalis

How Did China's WTO Entry Benefit U.S. Consumers?
w23500 Chuantian He
Chunding Li
John Whalley

General Equilibrium Trade Modelling with Canada-US Transportation Costs
w23503 Javier Cravino
Sebastian Sotelo

Trade Induced Structural Change and the Skill Premium
w23481 Christopher M. Meissner
John P. Tang

Upstart Industrialization and Exports, Japan 1880-1910
w23482 Justin Caron
Thibault Fally
James Markusen

Per Capita Income and the Demand for Skills
w23456 Pol Antràs
Alonso de Gortari

On the Geography of Global Value Chains
w23458 James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

Short Run Gravity
w23411 Elif C. Arbatli
Steven J. Davis
Arata Ito
Naoko Miake
Ikuo Saito

Policy Uncertainty In Japan
w23427 Arnaud Costinot
Iván Werning

The Lerner Symmetry Theorem: Generalizations and Qualifications
w23398 John Horton
William R. Kerr
Christopher Stanton

Digital Labor Markets and Global Talent Flows
w23400 Rafael Dix-Carneiro
Rodrigo R. Soares
Gabriel Ulyssea

Economic Shocks and Crime: Evidence from the Brazilian Trade Liberalization
w23384 Wolfgang Keller
William W. Olney

Globalization and Executive Compensation
w23338 David Hummels
Kwan Yong Lee

The Income Elasticity of Import Demand: Micro Evidence and An Application
w23328 David Deming
Lisa B. Kahn

Skill Requirements across Firms and Labor Markets: Evidence from Job Postings for Professionals
w23261 Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei
Xinding Yu
Kunfu Zhu

Characterizing Global Value Chains: Production Length and Upstreamness
w23222 Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei
Xinding Yu
Kunfu Zhu

Measures of Participation in Global Value Chains and Global Business Cycles
w23237 Quy-Toan Do
Andrei A. Levchenko

Trade Policy and Redistribution when Preferences are Non-Homothetic
w23209 Christian Dippel
Robert Gold
Stephan Heblich
Rodrigo Pinto

Instrumental Variables and Causal Mechanisms: Unpacking The Effect of Trade on Workers and Voters
w23200 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Edouard Schaal

Optimal Transport Networks in Spatial Equilibrium
w23173 David Autor
David Dorn
Gordon Hanson

When Work Disappears: Manufacturing Decline and the Falling Marriage-Market Value of Young Men
w23164 Alan de Bromhead
Alan Fernihough
Markus Lampe
Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke

When Britain turned inward: Protection and the shift towards Empire in Interwar Britain
w23161 Robert C. Feenstra
Mingzhi Xu
Alexis Antoniades

What is the Price of Tea in China? Towards the Relative Cost of Living in Chinese and U.S. Cities
w23124 Geert Bekaert
Arnaud Mehl

On the Global Financial Market Integration "Swoosh" and the Trilemma
w23067 Robert C. Feenstra
Statistics to Measure Offshoring and its Impact
w23016 Lionel Fontagné
Ann Harrison

The Factory-Free Economy: Outsourcing, Servitization and the Future of Industry
w23004 Anton Korinek
Currency Wars or Efficient Spillovers? A General Theory of International Policy Cooperation
w22960 Robert W. Staiger
Alan O. Sykes

The Economic Structure of International Trade-in-Services Agreements
w22974 Robert C. Johnson
Guillermo Noguera

A Portrait of Trade in Value Added over Four Decades
w22944 Elhanan Helpman
Globalization and Wage Inequality
w22946 Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson

How Large Are the Gains from Economic Integration? Theory and Evidence from U.S. Agriculture, 1880-1997
w22926 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William Kerr
Çaǧlar Özden
Christopher Parsons

High-Skilled Migration and Agglomeration
w22930 John McLaren
Myunghwan Yoo

FDI and Inequality in Vietnam: An Approach with Census Data
w22879 David Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson
Gary Pisano
Pian Shu

Foreign Competition and Domestic Innovation: Evidence from U.S. Patents
w22869 Diego Daruich
William Easterly
Ariell Reshef

The Surprising Instability of Export Specializations
w22840 Lorenz Kueng
Nicholas Li
Mu-Jeung Yang

The Impact of Emerging Market Competition on Innovation and Business Strategy
w22842 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Multilateral Trade Bargaining and Dominant Strategies
w22849 Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott

Trade Liberalization and Mortality: Evidence from U.S. Counties
w22804 Matilde Bombardini
Bingjing Li

Trade, Pollution and Mortality in China
w22747 David S. Jacks
Se Yan
Liuyan Zhao

Silver Points, Silver Flows, and the Measure of Chinese Financial Integration
w22757 Jonathan I. Dingel
The Determinants of Quality Specialization
w22736 David S. Jacks
Dennis Novy

Market Potential and Global Growth over the Long Twentieth Century
w22737 Joshua Aizenman
Menzie D. Chinn
Hiro Ito

Balance Sheet Effects on Monetary and Financial Spillovers: The East Asian Crisis Plus 20
w22715 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William Kerr
Çaǧlar Özden
Christopher Parsons

Global Talent Flows
w22727 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

Global Firms
w22706 Timothy J. Kehoe
Pau S. Pujolas
Jack Rossbach

Quantitative Trade Models: Developments and Challenges
w22676 Pol Antràs
Alonso de Gortari
Oleg Itskhoki

Globalization, Inequality and Welfare
w22678 Andrew K. Rose
Why Do Estimates of the EMU Effect On Trade Vary so Much?
w22683 Christopher Blattman
Stefan Dercon

Occupational Choice in Early Industrializing Societies: Experimental Evidence on the Income and Health Effects of Industrial and Entrepreneurial Work
w22636 Jevan Cherniwchan
Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Trade and the Environment: New Methods, Measurements, and Results
w22637 David Autor
David Dorn
Gordon Hanson
Kaveh Majlesi

Importing Political Polarization? The Electoral Consequences of Rising Trade Exposure
w22647 Federica Coelli
Andreas Moxnes
Karen Helene Ulltveit-Moe

Better, Faster, Stronger: Global Innovation and Trade Liberalization
w22653 Filipe Campante
David Yanagizawa-Drott

Long-Range Growth: Economic Development in the Global Network of Air Links
w22655 Stephen J. Redding
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Quantitative Spatial Economics
w22593 Derek Kellenberg
Arik Levinson

Misreporting Trade: Tariff Evasion, Corruption, and Auditing Standards
w22514 Timothy J. Kehoe
Pau S. Pujolas
Kim J. Ruhl

The Opportunity Costs of Entrepreneurs in International Trade
w22538 Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson
Margaret Kyle
Heidi Williams

The More We Die, The More We Sell? A Simple Test of the Home-Market Effect
w22550 Teresa C. Fort
Technology and Production Fragmentation: Domestic versus Foreign Sourcing
w22484 Konstantin Kucheryavyy
Gary Lyn
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Grounded by Gravity: A Well-Behaved Trade Model with Industry-Level Economies of Scale
w22433 Thierry Mayer
Marc J. Melitz
Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano

Product Mix and Firm Productivity Responses to Trade Competition
w22365 David Hummels
Jakob Munch
Chong Xiang

No Pain, No Gain: The Effects of Exports on Effort, Injury, and Illness
w22362 Daqing Yao
John Whalley

Global Service Efficiency and the Role of Special and Differential Based Negotiation
w22368 Antonio Ciccone
Elias Papaioannou

Estimating Cross-Industry Cross-Country Interaction Models Using Benchmark Industry Characteristics
w22329 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Migration and Redistribution: Why the Federal Governance of an Economic Union Matters
w22300 Benjamin Faber
Cecile Gaubert

Tourism and Economic Development: Evidence from Mexico's Coastline
w22314 Solomon Hsiang
Nitin Sekar

Does Legalization Reduce Black Market Activity? Evidence from a Global Ivory Experiment and Elephant Poaching Data
w22315 Wolfgang Keller
Hâle Utar

International Trade and Job Polarization: Evidence at the Worker-Level
w22276 Treb Allen
David Atkin

Volatility and the Gains from Trade
w22236 Felix Tintelnot
Global Production with Export Platforms
w22178 Yi Che
Yi Lu
Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott
Zhigang Tao

Does Trade Liberalization with China Influence U.S. Elections?
w22147 Michael E. Waugh
B. Ravikumar

Measuring Openness to Trade
w22138 Nuno Limão
Preferential Trade Agreements
w22110 James Harrigan
Ariell Reshef
Farid Toubal

The March of the Techies: Technology, Trade, and Job Polarization in France, 1994-2007
w22097 Joshua Aizenman
Optimal Currency Area: A 20th Century Idea For the 21st Century?
w22087 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

The Design of Trade Agreements
w22069 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Nicholas Li
Ralph Ossa
Mu-Jeung Yang

Accounting for the New Gains from Trade Liberalization
w22070 Gene M. Grossman
The Purpose of Trade Agreements
w22062 Ralph Ossa
Quantitative Models of Commercial Policy
w22041 David Hummels
Jakob R. Munch
Chong Xiang

Offshoring and Labor Markets
w22046 Gino Gancia
Giacomo A.M. Ponzetto
Jaume Ventura

Globalization and Political Structure
w21979 Paul R. Bergin
Reuven Glick
Jyh-Lin Wu

Conditional PPP and Real Exchange Rate Convergence in the Euro Area
w21984 Paolo Bertoletti
Federico Etro
Ina Simonovska

International Trade with Indirect Additivity
w21985 Ling Feng
Zhiyuan Li
Deborah L. Swenson

Trade Policy Uncertainty and Exports: Evidence from China's WTO Accession
w21989 Arnaud Costinot
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare
Iván Werning

Micro to Macro: Optimal Trade Policy with Firm Heterogeneity
w21994 Jan De Loecker
Johannes Van Biesebroeck

Effect of International Competition on Firm Productivity and Market Power
w21957 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

The Effects of Trade Policy
w21935 Doireann Fitzgerald
Stefanie Haller
Yaniv Yedid-Levi

How Exporters Grow
w21906 David H. Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson

The China Shock: Learning from Labor Market Adjustment to Large Changes in Trade
w21883 Emily J. Blanchard
Chad P. Bown
Robert C. Johnson

Global Supply Chains and Trade Policy
w21886 Wolfgang Keller
Javier Andres Santiago
Carol H. Shiue

Foreigners Knocking on the Door: Trade in China During the Treaty Port Era
w21840 Jose Asturias
Sewon Hur
Timothy J. Kehoe
Kim J. Ruhl

The Interaction and Sequencing of Policy Reforms
w21844 Francisco J. Buera
Ezra Oberfield

The Global Diffusion of Ideas
w21853 Chunding Li
John Whalley

The 2008 Financial Crisis and the Lack of Retaliatory Trade Intervention
w21860 Zadia M. Feliciano
Nadia Doytch

EU Accession and Foreign Owned Firms in Bulgaria
w21811 Lorenzo Caliendo
Giordano Mion
Luca David Opromolla
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Productivity and Organization in Portuguese Firms
w21812 Christian Dippel
Stephan Heblich
Robert Gold

Globalization and Its (Dis-)Content: Trade Shocks and Voting Behavior
w21794 Edward L. Glaeser
Giacomo A. M. Ponzetto
Yimei Zou

Urban Networks: Connecting Markets, People, and Ideas
w21800 Daniel Paravisini
Veronica Rappoport
Philipp Schnabl

Specialization in Bank Lending: Evidence from Exporting Firms
w21768 Lorenzo Caliendo
Robert C. Feenstra
John Romalis
Alan M. Taylor

Tariff Reductions, Entry, and Welfare: Theory and Evidence for the Last Two Decades
w21774 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel S. Kortum
Brent Neiman

Obstfeld and Rogoff's International Macro Puzzles: A Quantitative Assessment
w21782 Chad P. Bown
Douglas A. Irwin

The GATT's Starting Point: Tariff Levels circa 1947
w21753 Gordon H. Hanson
Nelson Lind
Marc-Andreas Muendler

The Dynamics of Comparative Advantage
w21760 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Eduardo Morales
Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Owen M. Zidar

State Taxes and Spatial Misallocation
w21706 Ferdinando Monte
Stephen J. Redding
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Commuting, Migration and Local Employment Elasticities
w21677 Quy-Toan Do
Andrei A. Levchenko
Claudio Raddatz

Comparative Advantage, International Trade, and Fertility
w21691 Andrew B. Bernard
Swati Dhingra

Contracting and the Division of the Gains from Trade
w21582 Laura Alfaro
Pol Antràs
Davin Chor
Paola Conconi

Internalizing Global Value Chains: A Firm-Level Analysis
w21583 A. Kerem Cosar
Paul L. E. Grieco
Shengyu Li
Felix Tintelnot

What Drives Home Market Advantage?
w21573 Bruce A. Blonigen
Thomas J. Prusa

Dumping and Antidumping Duties
w21546 James E. Anderson
Ingo Borchert
Aaditya Mattoo
Yoto V. Yotov

Dark Costs, Missing Data: Shedding Some Light on Services Trade
w21520 Thibault Fally
Russell Hillberry

A Coasian Model of International Production Chains
w21535 Reuven Glick
Andrew K. Rose

Currency Unions and Trade: A Post-EMU Mea Culpa
w21537 Andrew K. Rose
Like Me, Buy Me: The Effect of Soft Power on Exports
w21504 Joaquin Blaum
Claire LeLarge
Michael Peters

The Gains from Input Trade in Firm-Based Models of Importing
w21506 Stelios Michalopoulos
Alireza Naghavi
Giovanni Prarolo

Islam, Inequality and Pre-Industrial Comparative Development
w21488 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger
Ali Yurukoglu

Multilateral Trade Bargaining: A First Look at the GATT Bargaining Records
w21423 Chunding Li
Jing Wang
John Whalley

The Armington Assumption and the Size of Optimal Tariffs
w21439 David Atkin
Dave Donaldson

Who's Getting Globalized? The Size and Implications of Intra-national Trade Costs
w21401 Rodrigo Adao
Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson

Nonparametric Counterfactual Predictions in Neoclassical Models of International Trade
w21408 Ina Simonovska
Ariel Weinberger
Jae Wook Jung

Exporter Heterogeneity and Price Discrimination: A Quantitative View
w21370 Costas Arkolakis
Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

The Elusive Pro-Competitive Effects of Trade
w21377 James E. Anderson
Mario Larch
Yoto V. Yotov

Growth and Trade with Frictions: A Structural Estimation Framework
w21351 Michael J. Dickstein
Eduardo Morales

What do Exporters Know?
w21303 Kyle Bagwell
Chad P. Bown
Robert W. Staiger

Is the WTO passé?
w21299 Daqing Yao
John Whalley

Assessing the Effects of the MFA/ATC from US and World Trade Data after Its Removal
w21274 Sebastian Galiani
Gustavo Torrens

The Political Economy of Trade and Labor Mobility in a Ricardian World
w21242 Enrico Spolaore
Romain Wacziarg

Ancestry, Language and Culture
w21250 Enrico Spolaore
The Political Economy of European Integration
w21212 Thibault Fally
Structural Gravity and Fixed Effects
w21213 Ewout Frankema
Jeffrey Williamson
Pieter Woltjer

An Economic Rationale for the African Scramble: The Commercial Transition and the Commodity Price Boom of 1845-1885
w21219 Claudio Ferraz
Frederico Finan
Dimitri Szerman

Procuring Firm Growth: The Effects of Government Purchases on Firm Dynamics
w21225 Matilde Bombardini
Gianluca Orefice
Maria D. Tito

Does Exporting Improve Matching? Evidence from French Employer-Employee Data
w21198 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Bohdan Kukharskyy
Gerard Roland

Culture and Global Sourcing
w21200 Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano
Giovanni Peri
Greg C. Wright

Immigration, Trade and Productivity in Services: Evidence from U.K. Firms
w21164 Kala Krishna
Xue Bai
Hong Ma

How You Export Matters: Export Mode, Learning and Productivity in China
w21176 David Atkin
Benjamin Faber
Marco Gonzalez-Navarro

Retail Globalization and Household Welfare: Evidence from Mexico
w21149 Lorenzo Caliendo
Maximiliano Dvorkin
Fernando Parro

The Impact of Trade on Labor Market Dynamics
w21082 Andrew B. Bernard
Andreas Moxnes
Yukiko U. Saito

Production Networks, Geography and Firm Performance
w21087 Klaus Desmet
Dávid Krisztián Nagy
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

The Geography of Development: Evaluating Migration Restrictions and Coastal Flooding
w21070 Rudolfs Bems
Robert C. Johnson

Demand for Value Added and Value-Added Exchange Rates
w21054 Karen K. Lewis
Do Foreign Firm Betas Change During Cross-listing?
w21033 Denis Chetverikov
Bradley Larsen
Christopher Palmer

IV Quantile Regression for Group-level Treatments, with an Application to the Distributional Effects of Trade
w21027 Avraham Ebenstein
Ann Harrison
Margaret McMillan

Why are American Workers getting Poorer? China, Trade and Offshoring
w21008 James A. Brander
Barbara J. Spencer

Intra-Industry Trade with Bertrand and Cournot Oligopoly: The Role of Endogenous Horizontal Product Differentiation
w20975 Ralph Ossa
A Quantitative Analysis of Subsidy Competition in the U.S.
w20958 Christian Dippel
Avner Greif
Daniel Trefler

Outside Options, Coercion, and Wages: Removing the Sugar Coating
w20908 Rafael Dix-Carneiro
Brian K. Kovak

Trade Reform and Regional Dynamics: Evidence From 25 Years of Brazilian Matched Employer-Employee Data
w20912 Rafael Dix-Carneiro
Brian K. Kovak

Trade Liberalization and the Skill Premium: A Local Labor Markets Approach
w20879 Joseph S. Shapiro
Reed Walker

Why is Pollution from U.S. Manufacturing Declining? The Roles of Environmental Regulation, Productivity, and Trade
w20891 Brian McCaig
Nina Pavcnik

Informal Employment in a Growing and Globalizing Low-income Country
w20855 Ariel Burstein
Eduardo Morales
Jonathan Vogel

Accounting for Changes in Between-Group Inequality
w20851 Michael Huberman
Christopher M. Meissner
Kim Oosterlinck

Technology and Geography in the Second Industrial Revolution: New Evidence from the Margins of Trade
w20868 David Atkin
Azam Chaudhry
Shamyla Chaudry
Amit K. Khandelwal
Eric Verhoogen

Mark-up and Cost Dispersion across Firms: Direct Evidence from Producer Surveys in Pakistan
w20787 Treb Allen
Costas Arkolakis
Yuta Takahashi

Universal Gravity
w20790 Marc Badia-Miró
Anna Carreras-Marín
Christopher M. Meissner
Christopher M. Meissner

Geography, Policy, or Productivity? Regional Trade in five South American Countries, 1910-1950
w20772 Pol Antràs
Teresa C. Fort
Felix Tintelnot

The Margins of Global Sourcing: Theory and Evidence from U.S. Firms
w20739 Sascha O. Becker
Marc-Andreas Muendler

Trade and Tasks: An Exploration over Three Decades in Germany
w20690 David Atkin
Amit K. Khandelwal
Adam Osman

Exporting and Firm Performance: Evidence from a Randomized Trial
w20663 George Alessandria
Horag Choi
Kim Ruhl

Trade Adjustment Dynamics and the Welfare Gains from Trade
w20634 C. Fritz Foley
Kalina Manova

International Trade, Multinational Activity, and Corporate Finance
w20635 Douglas A. Irwin
Tariff Incidence: Evidence from U.S. Sugar Duties, 1890-1930
w20646 Joshua Aizenman
Daniel Riera-Crichton

Liquidity and Foreign Asset Management Challenges for Latin American Countries
w20616 George Alessandria
Horag Choi
Joseph P. Kaboski
Virgiliu Midrigan

Microeconomic Uncertainty, International Trade, and Aggregate Fluctuations
w20602 Donald R. Davis
Jonathan I. Dingel

The Comparative Advantage of Cities
w20585 Arnaud Costinot
Jonathan Vogel

Beyond Ricardo: Assignment Models in International Trade
w20551 Nianli Zhou
John Whalley

How Do the "GATS-Plus" and "GATS-Minus" Characteristics of Regional Service Agreements Affect Trade in Services?
w20495 Ina Simonovska
Michael E. Waugh

Trade Models, Trade Elasticities, and the Gains from Trade
w20498 Fernando Leibovici
Michael E. Waugh

International Trade and Intertemporal Substitution
w20502 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Growth, Trade, and Inequality
w20455 Brian McCaig
Nina Pavcnik

Export Markets and Labor Allocation in a Low-income Country
w20469 Roger Bate
Ginger Zhe Jin
Aparna Mathur
Amir Attaran

Poor Quality Drugs and Global Trade: A Pilot Study
w20471 W. Walker Hanlon
Temporary Shocks and Persistent Effects in the Urban System: Evidence from British Cities after the U.S. Civil War
w20424 Chunding Li
John Whalley

How Close is Asia to Already Being A Trade Bloc?
w20436 Colin Hottman
Stephen J. Redding
David E. Weinstein

Quantifying the Sources of Firm Heterogeneity
w20395 Daron Acemoglu
David Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson
Brendan Price

Import Competition and the Great U.S. Employment Sag of the 2000s
w20383 Rachel Heath
A. Mushfiq Mobarak

Manufacturing Growth and the Lives of Bangladeshi Women
w20357 Raluca E. Dragusanu
Daniele Giovannucci
Nathan Nunn

The Economics of Fair Trade
w20323 Haichao Fan
Yao Amber Li
Stephen R. Yeaple

Trade Liberalization, Quality, and Export Prices
w20331 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Amit K. Khandelwal

Measuring the Unequal Gains from Trade
w20235 Stephen J. Redding
Matthew A. Turner

Transportation Costs and the Spatial Organization of Economic Activity
w20236 Nikhil Patel
Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei

Global Value Chains and Effective Exchange Rates at the Country-Sector Level
w20217 Pablo Fajgelbaum
Stephen J. Redding

External Integration, Structural Transformation and Economic Development: Evidence from Argentina 1870-1914
w20168 Lorenzo Caliendo
Fernando Parro
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg
Pierre-Daniel Sarte

The Impact of Regional and Sectoral Productivity Changes on the U.S. Economy
w20136 Andrew B. Bernard
Andreas Moxnes
Karen Helene Ulltveit-Moe

Two-Sided Heterogeneity and Trade
w20143 Paulo Bastos
Joana Silva
Eric Verhoogen

Export Destinations and Input Prices
w20089 Raymond Fisman
Yasushi Hamao
Yongxiang Wang

Nationalism and Economic Exchange: Evidence from Shocks to Sino-Japanese Relations
w20069 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

Firms and the Economics of Skilled Immigration
w20061 Julian di Giovanni
Andrei Levchenko
Isabelle Mejean

Firms, Destinations, and Aggregate Fluctuations
w20063 Robert C. Feenstra
Philip A. Luck
Maurice Obstfeld
Katheryn N. Russ

In Search of the Armington Elasticity
w20046 Kamran Bilir
Davin Chor
Kalina Manova

Host-Country Financial Development and Multinational Activity
w20023 Ran Abramitzky
Isabelle Sin

Book Translations as Idea Flows: The Effects of the Collapse of Communism on the Diffusion of Knowledge
w19992 Ana Cecília Fieler
Marcela Eslava
Daniel Xu

Trade, Skills, and Quality Upgrading: A Theory with Evidence from Colombia
w20002 Julian di Giovanni
Andrei Levchenko
Francesc Ortega

A Global View of Cross-Border Migration
w19968 Doireann Fitzgerald
Stefanie Haller

Exporters and Shocks: Dissecting the International Elasticity Puzzle
w19941 Dennis Novy
Alan M. Taylor

Trade and Uncertainty
w19914 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Emiliano E. Luttini
Bent Sorensen

Debt Crises and Risk Sharing: The Role of Markets versus Sovereigns
w19916 Eduardo Morales
Gloria Sheu
Andrés Zahler

Gravity and Extended Gravity: Using Moment Inequalities to Estimate a Model of Export Entry
w19926 Gregory Clark
Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke
Alan M. Taylor

The Growing Dependence of Britain on Trade during the Industrial Revolution
w19865 Andrew B. Bernard
Renzo Massari
Jose-Daniel Reyes
Daria Taglioni

Exporter Dynamics, Firm Size and Growth, and Partial Year Effects
w19872 Delina E. Agnosteva
James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

Intra-national Trade Costs: Measurement and Aggregation
w19833 Robert C. Feenstra
Restoring the Product Variety and Pro-competitive Gains from Trade with Heterogeneous Firms and Bounded Productivity
w19853 Chunding Li
Jing Wang
John Whalley

China's Regional and Bilateral Trade Agreements
w19810 Marc J. Melitz
Stephen J. Redding

Missing Gains from Trade?
w19778 Roger K. Loh
René M. Stulz

Is Sell-Side Research More Valuable in Bad Times?
w19751 Marc-Andreas Muendler
Export or Merge? Proximity vs. Concentration in Product Space
w19752 James E. Anderson
J. Peter Neary

Revenue Tariff Reform
w19754 James R. Markusen
Per-capita Income as a Determinant of International Trade and Environmental Policies
w19759 Antoine Gervais
J. Bradford Jensen

The Tradability of Services: Geographic Concentration and Trade Costs
w19689 Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson
Jonathan Vogel
Ivan Werning

Comparative Advantage and Optimal Trade Policy
w19692 Timothy J. Kehoe
Jack M. Rossbach
Kim J. Ruhl

Using the New Products Margin to Predict the Industry-Level Impact of Trade Reform
w19697 A. Kerem Coşar
Pablo D. Fajgelbaum

Internal Geography, International Trade, and Regional Specialization
w19667 Fernando E. Alvarez
Francisco J. Buera
Robert E. Lucas

Idea Flows, Economic Growth, and Trade
w19657 William R. Kerr
Heterogeneous Technology Diffusion and Ricardian Trade Patterns
w19658 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

Skilled Immigration and the Employment Structures of U.S. Firms
w19677 Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei
Kunfu Zhu

Quantifying International Production Sharing at the Bilateral and Sector Levels
w19616 Brian McCaig
Nina Pavcnik

Moving out of Agriculture: Structural Change in Vietnam
w19530 Kym Anderson
Maros Ivanic
Will Martin

Food Price Spikes, Price Insulation and Poverty
w19533 Derek Kellenberg
Arik Levinson

Waste of Effort? International Environmental Agreements
w19555 Tibor Besedeš
Thomas J. Prusa

Antidumping and the Death of Trade
w19513 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman
Philipp Kircher

Matching and Sorting in a Global Economy
w19492 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Labor Market Frictions, Firm Growth, and International Trade
w19468 Bruce A. Blonigen
Jacob McGrew

Task Routineness and Trade Policy Preferences
w19486 Michael J. Dickstein
Eduardo Morales

Accounting for Expectational and Structural Error in Binary Choice Problems: A Moment Inequality Approach
w19409 Volker Nocke
Stephen Yeaple

Globalization and Multiproduct Firms
w19376 Kyle Handley
Nuno Limão

Policy Uncertainty, Trade and Welfare: Theory and Evidence for China and the U.S.
w19377 William R. Kerr
U.S. High-Skilled Immigration, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship: Empirical Approaches and Evidence
w19285 Thomas Chaney
The Gravity Equation in International Trade: An Explanation
w19301 Richard B. Freeman
One Ring to Rule Them All? Globalization of Knowledge and Knowledge Creation
w19308 Jan De Loecker
Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg

Firm Performance in a Global Market
w19273 Thomas J. Holmes
Wen-Tai Hsu
Sanghoon Lee

Allocative Efficiency, Mark-ups, and the Welfare Gains from Trade
w19256 Robert W. Staiger
Alan O. Sykes

How Important can the Non-Violation Clause be for the GATT/WTO?
w19226 David H. Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson
Jae Song

Trade Adjustment: Worker Level Evidence
w19236 Alfonso Irarrazabal
Andreas Moxnes
Luca David Opromolla

The Tip of the Iceberg: A Quantitative Framework for Estimating Trade Costs
w19239 J. Bradford Jensen
Dennis P. Quinn
Stephen Weymouth

Global Supply Chains, Currency Undervaluation, and Firm Protectionist Demands
w19209 Thomas P. Triebs
Justin Tumlinson

Learning Capitalism the Hard Way--Evidence from German Reunification
w19213 Dave Donaldson
Richard Hornbeck

Railroads and American Economic Growth: A "Market Access" Approach
w19166 Stephen Ross Yeaple
Scale, Scope, and the International Expansion Strategies of Multiproduct Firms
w19170 Thomas Chaney
Liquidity Constrained Exporters
w19181 Treb Allen
Costas Arkolakis

Trade and the Topography of the Spatial Economy
w19190 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

Real Estate Valuation, Current Account and Credit Growth Patterns, Before and After the 2008-9 Crisis
w19122 Enrico Spolaore
What is European Integration Really About? A Political Guide for Economists
w19097 Ralf Martin
Mirabelle Muûls
Laure B. de Preux
Ulrich J. Wagner

Industry Compensation Under Relocation Risk: A Firm-Level Analysis of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme
w19057 Elhanan Helpman
Foreign Trade and Investment: Firm-Level Perspectives
w19024 Manmohan Agarwal
John Whalley

The 1991 Reforms, Indian Economic Growth, and Social Progress
w19033 Alvaro Garcia Marin
Nico Voigtländer

Exporting and Plant-Level Efficiency Gains: It's in the Measure
w19006 Manmohan Agarwal
John Whalley

China and India: Reforms and the Response: How Differently have the Economies Behaved
w18972 Costas Arkolakis
Natalia Ramondo
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare
Stephen Yeaple

Innovation and Production in the Global Economy
w18957 Richard Baldwin
Javier Lopez-Gonzalez

Supply-Chain Trade: A Portrait of Global Patterns and Several Testable Hypotheses
w18962 Danielken Molina
Marc-Andreas Muendler

Preparing to Export
w18934 Christophe Gouel
Food Price Volatility and Domestic Stabilization Policies in Developing Countries
w18938 David H. Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson

Untangling Trade and Technology: Evidence from Local Labor Markets
w18940 David H. Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson

The Geography of Trade and Technology Shocks in the United States
w18919 Marc J. Melitz
Stephen J. Redding

New Trade Models, New Welfare Implications
w18920 Christian Fons-Rosen
Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Bent E. Sørensen
Carolina Villegas-Sanchez
Vadym Volosovych

Quantifying Productivity Gains from Foreign Investment
w18896 Arnaud Costinot
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Trade Theory with Numbers: Quantifying the Consequences of Globalization
w18867 Man Lung Chan
Kalina Manova

Financial Development and the Choice of Trade Partners
w18851 Nathan Nunn
Daniel Trefler

Domestic Institutions as a Source of Comparative Advantage
w18819 Dan Liu
Christopher M. Meissner

Market Potential and the Rise of US Productivity Leadership
w18823 Harold L. Cole
Lee E. Ohanian

The Impact of Cartelization, Money, and Productivity Shocks on the International Great Depression
w18829 Ariel Burstein
Gita Gopinath

International Prices and Exchange Rates
w18808 Wolfgang Keller
Carol H. Shiue

The Link Between Fundamentals and Proximate Factors in Development
w18807 James E. Anderson
Mykyta Vesselovsky
Yoto V. Yotov

Gravity, Scale and Exchange Rates
w18811 Mario J. Crucini
Hakan Yilmazkuday

Understanding Long-run Price Dispersion
w18775 Pol Antràs
Stephen R.Yeaple

Multinational Firms and the Structure of International Trade
w18788 Gene M. Grossman
Heterogeneous Workers and International Trade
w18753 Mario J. Crucini
J. Scott Davis

Distribution Capital and the Short- and Long-Run Import Demand Elasticity
w18694 Bruce Blonigen
Industrial Policy and Downstream Export Performance
w18703 Nuno Limão
Giovanni Maggi

Uncertainty and Trade Agreements
w18672 Martin Feldstein
Coordination in the European Union
w18655 Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott

The Surprisingly Swift Decline of U.S. Manufacturing Employment
w18632 Rudolfs Bems
Robert C. Johnson
Kei-Mu Yi

The Great Trade Collapse
w18637 Kalina Manova
Zhiwei Zhang

Multi-Product Firms and Product Quality
w18652 Marc J. Melitz
Stephen J. Redding

Heterogeneous Firms and Trade
w18615 Mary Amiti
Oleg Itskhoki
Jozef Konings

Importers, Exporters, and Exchange Rate Disconnect
w18604 Ilke Van Beveren
Andrew B. Bernard
Hylke Vandenbussche

Concording EU Trade and Production Data over Time
w18579 Robert Koopman
Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei

Tracing Value-added and Double Counting in Gross Exports
w18561 Kalina Manova
Zhihong Yu

How Firms Export: Processing vs. Ordinary Trade with Financial Frictions
w18546 Klaus Desmet
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

On the Spatial Economic Impact of Global Warming
w18503 Erhan Artuç
John McLaren

Trade Policy and Wage Inequality: A Structural Analysis with Occupational and Sectoral Mobility
w18508 Lorenzo Caliendo
Fernando Parro

Estimates of the Trade and Welfare Effects of NAFTA
w18498 Rudolfs Bems
Robert C. Johnson

Value-Added Exchange Rates
w18465 Kristin Forbes
The "Big C": Identifying Contagion
w18474 Ejaz Ghani
William R. Kerr
Christopher T. Stanton

Diasporas and Outsourcing: Evidence from oDesk and India
w18414 Bruce A. Blonigen
Lionel Fontagné
Nicholas Sly
Farid Toubal

Cherries for Sale: Export Networks and the Incidence of Cross-Border M&A
w18352 Assaf Razin
Steven Rosefielde

A Tale of Politically-Failing Single-Currency Area
w18331 Paul R. Bergin
Reuven Glick
Jyh-Lin Wu

Mussa Redux and Conditional PPP
w18337 Fernando Broner
Paula Bustos
Vasco M. Carvalho

Sources of Comparative Advantage in Polluting Industries
w18307 John Kennan
Open Borders
w18312 Lauren Cohen
Umit G. Gurun
Christopher J. Malloy

Resident Networks and Firm Trade
w18314 Robert C. Feenstra
John Romalis

International Prices and Endogenous Quality
w18288 Diego Puga
Daniel Trefler

International Trade and Institutional Change: Medieval Venice's Response to Globalization
w18266 David Atkin
Endogenous Skill Acquisition and Export Manufacturing in Mexico
w18274 Nicolas Berman
José De Sousa
Philippe Martin
Thierry Mayer

Time to Ship During Financial Crises
w18280 Ivan Werning
Emmanuel Farhi

Fiscal Unions
w18259 Lorenzo Caliendo
Ferdinando Monte
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

The Anatomy of French Production Hierarchies
w18260 Ling Feng
Zhiyuan Li
Deborah L. Swenson

The Connection between Imported Intermediate Inputs and Exports: Evidence from Chinese Firms
w18240 Robert C. Johnson
Trade in Intermediate Inputs and Business Cycle Comovement
w18243 Thomas Chaney
Ralph Ossa

Market Size, Division of Labor, and Firm Productivity
w18246 Andrew B. Bernard
Emily J. Blanchard
Ilke Van Beveren
Hylke Y. Vandenbussche

Carry-Along Trade
w18214 Lee G. Branstetter
William A. Pizer

Facing the Climate Change Challenge in a Global Economy
w18219 Guillermo A. Calvo
Alejandro Izquierdo
Rudy Loo-Kung

Optimal Holdings of International Reserves: Self-Insurance against Sudden Stop
w18221 Agustín S. Bénétrix
Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

The Spread of Manufacturing to the Poor Periphery 1870---2007
w18209 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Elias Papaioannou
Fabrizio Perri

Global Banks and Crisis Transmission
w18193 Francesc Ortega
Giovanni Peri

The Effect of Trade and Migration on Income
w18186 Robert C. Johnson
Guillermo Noguera

Fragmentation and Trade in Value Added over Four Decades
w18188 Donald R. Davis
Jonathan I. Dingel

A Spatial Knowledge Economy
w18163 Pol Antràs
Davin Chor

Organizing the Global Value Chain
w18131 Justin Caron
Thibault Fally
James R. Markusen

Skill Premium and Trade Puzzles: a Solution Linking Production and Preferences
w18132 Joseph A. Clougherty
Michal Grajek

International Standards and International Trade: Empirical Evidence from ISO 9000 Diffusion
w18106 Chinhui Juhn
Gergely Ujhelyi
Carolina Villegas-Sanchez

Men, Women, and Machines: How Trade Impacts Gender Inequality
w18113 Ralph Ossa
Why Trade Matters After All
w18099 Farley Grubb
Chronic Specie Scarcity and Efficient Barter: The Problem of Maintaining an Outside Money Supply in British Colonial America
w18054 David H. Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson

The China Syndrome: Local Labor Market Effects of Import Competition in the United States
w18061 Andrei A. Levchenko
Jing Zhang

Comparative Advantage and the Welfare Impact of European Integration
w18062 Andrew K. Rose
Protectionism Isn't Counter-Cyclic (anymore)
w18034 Eric W. Bond
Mario J. Crucini
Tristan Potter
Joel Rodrigue

Misallocation and Productivity Effects of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff
w18041 Chris Edmond
Virgiliu Midrigan
Daniel Yi Xu

Competition, Markups, and the Gains from International Trade
w18008 Stephen J. Redding
Goods Trade, Factor Mobility and Welfare
w17991 Elhanan Helpman
Oleg Itskhoki
Marc-Andreas Muendler
Stephen J. Redding

Trade and Inequality: From Theory to Estimation
w17969 Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson

Ricardo's Theory of Comparative Advantage: Old Idea, New Evidence
w17976 Arnaud Costinot
Jonathan Vogel
Su Wang

Global Supply Chains and Wage Inequality
w17961 Gordon H. Hanson
The Rise of Middle Kingdoms: Emerging Economies in Global Trade
w17963 Chen Bo
David S. Jacks

Trade, Variety, and Immigration
w17925 Jan De Loecker
Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Amit K. Khandelwal
Nina Pavcnik

Prices, Markups and Trade Reform
w17916 Robert C. Feenstra
J. Bradford Jensen

Evaluating Estimates of Materials Offshoring from U.S. Manufacturing
w17919 Chunding Li
John Whalley

Indirect Tax Initiatives and Global Rebalancing
w17864 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel S. Kortum
Sebastian Sotelo

International Trade: Linking Micro and Macro
w17835 James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

Gold Standard Gravity
w17840 Pravin Krishna
Preferential Trade Agreements and the World Trade System: A Multilateralist View
w17806 Joshua Aizenman
Hiro Ito

Trilemma Policy Convergence Patterns and Output Volatility
w17810 Levent Celik
Bilgehan Karabay
John McLaren

When is it Optimal to Delegate: The Theory of Fast-track Authority
w17819 Pol Antràs
Davin Chor
Thibault Fally
Russell Hillberry

Measuring the Upstreamness of Production and Trade Flows
w17790 Kyle Handley
Nuno Limão

Trade and Investment under Policy Uncertainty: Theory and Firm Evidence
w17767 Ariel Burstein
Javier Cravino

Measured Aggregate Gains from International Trade
w17758 David Hummels
Georg Schaur

Time as a Trade Barrier
w17749 Douglas A. Irwin
The Nixon Shock after Forty Years: The Import Surcharge Revisited
w17754 Wolfgang Keller
Ben Li
Carol H. Shiue

Shanghai's Trade, China's Growth: Continuity, Recovery, and Change since the Opium War
w17728 Robert C. Feenstra
Chang Hong
Hong Ma
Barbara J. Spencer

Contractual Versus Non-Contractual Trade: The Role of Institutions in China
w17725 Mark J. Roberts
Daniel Yi Xu
Xiaoyan Fan
Shengxing Zhang

The Role of Firm Factors in Demand, Cost, and Export Market Selection for Chinese Footwear Producers
w17706 James Harrigan
Xiangjun Ma
Victor Shlychkov

Export Prices of U.S. Firms
w17711 Andrew B. Bernard
Marco Grazzi
Chiara Tomasi

Intermediaries in International Trade: Direct versus indirect modes of export
w17712 Matthieu Bussière
Giovanni Callegari
Fabio Ghironi
Giulia Sestieri
Norihiko Yamano

Estimating Trade Elasticities: Demand Composition and the Trade Collapse of 2008-09
w17716 Richard Baldwin
Trade And Industrialisation After Globalisation's 2nd Unbundling: How Building And Joining A Supply Chain Are Different And Why It Matters
w17705 Joseph E. Aldy
William A. Pizer

The Competitiveness Impacts of Climate Change Mitigation Policies
w17680 Arnaud Costinot
Guido Lorenzoni
Iván Werning

A Theory of Capital Controls as Dynamic Terms-of-Trade Manipulation
w17681 Jing Wang
Dana Medianu
John Whalley

The Contribution of China, India and Brazil to Narrowing North-South Differences in GDP/capita, World Trade Shares, and Market Capitalization
w17683 Antonio Ciccone
Giovanni Peri

Schooling Supply and the Structure of Production: Evidence from US States 1950-1990
w17692 Joshua Aizenman
Sebastian Edwards
Daniel Riera-Crichton

Adjustment patterns to commodity terms of trade shocks: the role of exchange rate and international reserves policies
w17693 Sean Dougherty
Verónica C. Frisancho Robles
Kala Krishna

Employment Protection Legislation and Plant-Level Productivity in India
w17675 Andrei A. Levchenko
International Trade and Institutional Change
w17645 John Whalley
Manmohan Agarwal
Jing Wang
Sean Walsh
Chen Yan

Linking External Sector Imbalances and Changing Financial Instability before the 2008 Financial Crisis
w17650 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Can the Doha Round be a Development Round? Setting a Place at the Table
w17630 James E. Anderson
Catherine A. Milot
Yoto V. Yotov

The Incidence of Geography on Canada's Services Trade
w17631 Hui Tong
Shang-Jin Wei

Does Trade Globalization Induce or Inhibit Corporate Transparency? Unbundling the Growth Potential and Product Market Competition Channels
w17627 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

The Empirics of Firm Heterogeneity and International Trade
w17598 Douglas A. Irwin
Kevin H. O'Rourke

Coping with Shocks and Shifts: The Multilateral Trading System in Historical Perspective
w17603 Nuno Limao
Kamal Saggi

Size Inequality, Coordination Externalities and International Trade Agreements
w17604 James Harrigan
Ariell Reshef

Skill Biased Heterogeneous Firms, Trade Liberalization, and the Skill Premium
w17594 Gita Gopinath
Oleg Itskhoki
Brent Neiman

Trade Prices and the Global Trade Collapse of 2008-2009
w17559 Runjuan Liu
Daniel Trefler

A Sorted Tale of Globalization: White Collar Jobs and the Rise of Service Offshoring
w17565 Risheng Mao
John Whalley

Ownership Characteristics, Real Exchange Rate Movements and Labor Market Adjustment in China
w17569 Joseph E. Aldy
Robert Stavins

The Promise and Problems of Pricing Carbon: Theory and Experience
w17550 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

A Linder Hypothesis for Foreign Direct Investment
w17553 Costas Arkolakis
A Unified Theory of Firm Selection and Growth
w17521 Svetlana Demidova
Andrés Rodríguez-Clarez

The Simple Analytics of the Melitz Model in a Small Open Economy
w17524 Amit K. Khandelwal
Peter K. Schott
Shang-Jin Wei

Trade Liberalization and Embedded Institutional Reform: Evidence from Chinese Exporters
w17530 Joshua Aizenman
Brian Pinto
Vladyslav Sushko

Financial Sector Ups and Downs and the Real Sector: Up by the stairs, down by the parachute
w17496 David Hummels
Rasmus Jørgensen
Jakob R. Munch
Chong Xiang

The Wage Effects of Offshoring: Evidence from Danish Matched Worker-Firm Data
w17498 John Whalley
What Role for Trade in a Post 2012 Global Climate Policy Regime
w17460 Ariel Burstein
Javier Cravino
Jonathan Vogel

Importing Skill-Biased Technology
w17470 Pol Antràs
Grossman-Hart (1986) Goes Global: Incomplete Contracts, Property Rights, and the International Organization of Production
w17415 Christoph Moser
Andrew K. Rose

Who Benefits from Regional Trade Agreements? The View from the Stock Market
w17347 Ralph Ossa
Trade Wars and Trade Talks with Data
w17365 Hejing Chen
John Whalley

The WTO Government Procurement Agreement and Its Impacts on Trade
w17366 Yan Dong
John Whalley

Gains and Losses from Potential Bilateral US-China Trade Retaliation
w17372 Naércio Aquino Menezes-Filho
Marc-Andreas Muendler

Labor Reallocation in Response to Trade Reform
w17376 Christoph Böhringer
Jared C. Carbone
Thomas F. Rutherford

Embodied Carbon Tariffs
w17331 Athanasios Geromichalos
Ina Simonovska

Asset Liquidity and International Portfolio Choice
w17308 Lorenzo Caliendo
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

The Impact of Trade on Organization and Productivity
w17335 Julian di Giovanni
Andrei A. Levchenko

Country Size, International Trade, and Aggregate Fluctuations in Granular Economies
w17256 Pravin Krishna
Jennifer P. Poole
Mine Zeynep Senses

Wage Effects of Trade Reform with Endogenous Worker Mobility
w17257 Pravin Krishna
Guru Sethupathy

Trade and Inequality in India
w17258 Joshua Aizenman
Vladyslav Sushko

Capital flows: Catalyst or Hindrance to economic takeoffs?
w17262 Levent Celik
Bilgehan Karabay
John McLaren

Trade Policy Making in a Model of Legislative Bargaining
w17242 David S. Jacks
Defying Gravity: The 1932 Imperial Economic Conference and the Reorientation of Canadian Trade
w17228 Joshua Aizenman
Vladyslav Sushko

Capital Flow Types, External Financing Needs, and Industrial Growth: 99 countries, 1991-2007
w17217 Aparna Sawhney
Matthew E. Kahn

Understanding Cross-National Trends in High-Tech Renewable Power Equipment Exports to the United States
w17141 Laura Alfaro
Maggie Chen

Surviving the Global Financial Crisis: Foreign Ownership and Establishment Performance
w17117 Anca D. Cristea
David Hummels
Laura Puzzello
Misak G. Avetisyan

Trade and the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from International Freight Transport
w17091 Pol Antràs
C. Fritz Foley

Poultry in Motion: A Study of International Trade Finance Practices
w17024 Michael D. Bordo
Peter L. Rousseau

Historical Evidence on the Finance-Trade-Growth Nexus
w17003 James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

Terms of Trade and Global Efficiency Effects of Free Trade Agreements, 1990-2002
w16975 Daniel Paravisini
Veronica Rappoport
Philipp Schnabl
Daniel Wolfenzon

Dissecting the Effect of Credit Supply on Trade: Evidence from Matched Credit-Export Data
w16947 Alejandro Artopoulos
Daniel Friel
Juan Carlos Hallak

Lifting the Domestic Veil: The Challenges of Exporting Differentiated Goods Across the Development Divide
w16959 Thierry Mayer
Marc J. Melitz
Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano

Market Size, Competition, and the Product Mix of Exporters
w16960 Ariel Burstein
Marc J. Melitz

Trade Liberalization and Firm Dynamics
w16936 Arnaud Costinot
Jonathan Vogel
Su Wang

An Elementary Theory of Global Supply Chains
w16940 Robert C. Feenstra
Zhiyuan Li
Miaojie Yu

Exports and Credit Constraints Under Incomplete Information: Theory and Evidence from China
w16904 Ariel Burstein
Jonathan Vogel

Factor Prices and International Trade: A Unifying Perspective
w16899 Patrick Bolton
Olivier Jeanne

Sovereign Default Risk and Bank Fragility in Financially Integrated Economies
w16905 Kalina Manova
Shang-Jin Wei
Zhiwei Zhang

Firm Exports and Multinational Activity Under Credit Constraints
w16834 John Sutton
Daniel Trefler

Deductions from the Export Basket: Capabilities, Wealth and Trade
w16837 Bih Jane Liu
Why World Exports are so Susceptible to the Economic Crisis --The Prevailing "Export Overshooting" Phenomenon
w16789 Marianne Baxter
International Risk Sharing in the Short Run and in the Long Run
w16796 Ina Simonovska
Michael E. Waugh

The Elasticity of Trade: Estimates and Evidence
w16806 Andrei A. Levchenko
Jing Zhang

The Evolution of Comparative Advantage: Measurement and Welfare Implications
w16809 Jeffrey G. Williamson
Industrial Catching Up in the Poor Periphery 1870-1975
w16778 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Ralph Ossa

A Global View of Productivity Growth in China
w16761 George-Marios Angeletos
Vasia Panousi

Financial Integration, Entrepreneurial Risk and Global Imbalances
w16733 Ann E. Harrison
Leslie A. Martin
Shanthi Nataraj

Learning Versus Stealing: How Important are Market-Share Reallocations to India's Productivity Growth?
w16753 Thomas Chaney
The Network Structure of International Trade
w16717 Nicholas Bloom
Mirko Draca
John Van Reenen

Trade Induced Technical Change? The Impact of Chinese Imports on Innovation, IT and Productivity
w16686 Chunding Li
John Whalley

Rebalancing and the Chinese VAT: Some Numerical Simulation Results
w16660 Richard Baldwin
Toshihiro Okubo

International Trade, Offshoring and Heterogeneous Firms
w16662 Elhanan Helpman
Oleg Itskhoki
Stephen Redding

Trade and Labor Market Outcomes
w16666 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum
Brent Neiman
John Romalis

Trade and the Global Recession
w16672 Richard Baldwin
Daria Taglioni

Gravity Chains: Estimating Bilateral Trade Flows When Parts And Components Trade Is Important
w16651 Assaf Razin
Anuk Serechetapongse

Equity Prices and Equity Flows: Testing Theory of the Information-Efficiency Tradeoff
w16641 Costas Arkolakis
Marc-Andreas Muendler

The Extensive Margin of Exporting Products: A Firm-level Analysis
w16610 Nathan Nunn
Nancy Qian

The Determinants of Food Aid Provisions to Africa and the Developing World
w16611 Richard Baldwin
Anthony Venables

Spiders and snakes: offshoring and agglomeration in the global economy
w16623 Lawrence Edwards
Robert Z. Lawrence

AGOA Rules: The Intended and Unintended Consequences of Special Fabric Provisions
w16597 William Easterly
Ariell Reshef

African Export Successes: Surprises, Stylized Facts, and Explanations
w16600 Richard Baldwin
Unilateral Tariff Liberalisation
w16562 Stephen J. Redding
Theories of Heterogeneous Firms and Trade
w16587 Beatriz de Blas
Katheryn Russ

Understanding Markups in the Open Economy under Bertrand Competition
w16576 James E. Anderson
The Gravity Model
w16550 Wolfgang Keller
Ben Li
Carol H. Shiue

China's Foreign Trade: Perspectives From the Past 150 Years
w16552 Jorge Braga de Macedo
Luís Brites Pereira

Cape Verde and Mozambique as Development Successes in West and Southern Africa
w16557 Ivan Cherkashin
Svetlana Demidova
Hiau Looi Kee
Kala Krishna

Firm Heterogeneity and Costly Trade: A New Estimation Strategy and Policy Experiments
w16528 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Herman Kamil
Carolina Villegas-Sanchez

What Hinders Investment in the Aftermath of Financial Crises: Insolvent Firms or Illiquid Banks?
w16535 John McLaren
Shushanik Hakobyan

Looking for Local Labor Market Effects of NAFTA
w16487 Dave Donaldson
Railroads of the Raj: Estimating the Impact of Transportation Infrastructure
w16459 Ariel Burstein
Jonathan Vogel

Globalization, Technology, and the Skill Premium: A Quantitative Analysis
w16470 Gordon H. Hanson
Why Isn't Mexico Rich?
w16446 Chunding Li
John Whalley

Chinese Firm and Industry Reactions to Antidumping Initiations and Measures
w16447 Joshua Aizenman
Jaewoo Lee
Vladyslav Sushko

From the Great Moderation to the global crisis: Exchange market pressure in the 2000s
w16425 Ann Harrison
John McLaren
Margaret S. McMillan

Recent Findings on Trade and Inequality
w16426 Robert Koopman
William Powers
Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei

Give Credit Where Credit Is Due: Tracing Value Added in Global Production Chains
w16388 Ralph Ossa
A 'New Trade' Theory of GATT/WTO Negotiations
w16391 Bruce Blonigen
Benjamin H. Liebman
Justin R. Pierce
Wesley W. Wilson

Are All Trade Protection Policies Created Equal? Empirical Evidence for Nonequivalent Market Power Effects of Tariffs and Quotas
w16392 Joshua Aizenman
Reuven Glick

Asset Class Diversification and Delegation of Responsibilities between Central Banks and Sovereign Wealth Funds
w16344 Jeffrey G. Williamson
When, Where, and Why? Early Industrialization in the Poor Periphery 1870-1940
w16322 Pravin Krishna
Devashish Mitra
Asha Sundaram

Trade, Poverty and the Lagging Regions of South Asia
w16326 A. Kerem Coşar
Nezih Guner
James Tybout

Firm Dynamics, Job Turnover, and Wage Distributions in an Open Economy
w16260 Joshua Aizenman
Michael M. Hutchison

Exchange Market Pressure and Absorption by International Reserves: Emerging Markets and Fear of Reserve Loss During the 2008-09 Crisis
w16313 Julian di Giovanni
Andrei A. Levchenko

Firm Entry, Trade, and Welfare in Zipf's World
w16314 Hoyt Bleakley
Jeffrey Lin

Portage: Path Dependence and Increasing Returns in U.S. History
w16269 Richard S. Grossman
Christopher M. Meissner

International Aspects of the Great Depression and the Crisis of 2007: Similarities, Differences, and Lessons
w16273 Chunding Li
John Whalley
Yan Chen

Foreign Affiliate Sales and Trade in Both Goods and Services
w16276 Thomas J. Prusa
Robert Teh

Protection Reduction and Diversion: PTAs and the Incidence of Antidumping Disputes
w16283 Brent Neiman
A State-Dependent Model of Intermediate Goods Pricing
w16288 Keith Head
Ran Jing
Deborah L. Swenson

From Beijing to Bentonville: Do Multinational Retailers Link Markets?
w16301 James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

Specialization: Pro- and Anti-globalizing, 1990-2002
w16262 Arnaud Costinot
Dave Donaldson
Ivana Komunjer

What Goods Do Countries Trade? A Quantitative Exploration of Ricardo's Ideas
w16253 Mona Haddad
Ann Harrison
Catherine Hausman

Decomposing the Great Trade Collapse: Products, Prices, and Quantities in the 2008-2009 Crisis
w16233 Ina Simonovska
Income Differences and Prices of Tradables: Insights from an Online Retailer
w16174 Davin Chor
Kalina Manova

Off the Cliff and Back? Credit Conditions and International Trade during the Global Financial Crisis
w16147 Kala Krishna
Limiting Emissions and Trade: Some Basic Ideas
w16142 Jing Wang
John Whalley

The Trade Performance of Asian Economies During and Following the 2008 Financial Crisis
w16105 Lawrence Edwards
Robert Z. Lawrence

Do Developed and Developing Countries Compete Head to Head in High-tech?
w16106 Lawrence Edwards
Robert Z. Lawrence

US Trade and Wages: The Misleading Implications of Conventional Trade Theory
w16118 Laura Alfaro
Paola Conconi
Harald Fadinger
Andrew F. Newman

Do Prices Determine Vertical Integration?
w16084 Richard Baldwin
Dany Jaimovich

Are Free Trade Agreements Contagious?
w16079 Viral V. Acharya
Philipp Schnabl

Do Global Banks Spread Global Imbalances? The Case of Asset-Backed Commercial Paper During the Financial Crisis of 2007-09
w16046 Thomas J. Holmes
John J. Stevens

Exports, Borders, Distance, and Plant Size
w16059 George Alessandria
Joseph P. Kaboski
Virgiliu Midrigan

The Great Trade Collapse of 2008-09: An Inventory Adjustment?
w16029 Beatriz de Blas
Katheryn Niles Russ

All Banks Great, Small, and Global: Loan pricing and foreign competition
w16032 Nicholas Bloom
Carol Propper
Stephan Seiler
John Van Reenen

The Impact of Competition on Management Quality: Evidence from Public Hospitals
w16034 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Alex Nikolsko-Rzhevskyy

Does Trade Cause Capital to Flow? Evidence from Historical Rainfalls
w16005 Julian di Giovanni
Andrei A. Levchenko

The Risk Content of Exports: A Portfolio View of International Trade
w15981 Daniel Berger
William Easterly
Nathan Nunn
Shanker Satyanath

Commercial Imperialism? Political Influence and Trade During the Cold War
w15985 Michael W. Klein
Christoph Moser
Dieter M. Urban

The Contribution of Trade to Wage Inequality: The Role of Skill, Gender, and Nationality
w15995 Irene Brambilla
Daniel Lederman
Guido Porto

Exports, Export Destinations, and Skills
w15996 Irene Brambilla
Rafael Dix Carneiro
Daniel Lederman
Guido Porto

Skills, Exports, and the Wages of Seven Million Latin American Workers
w15964 Fernando Ferreira
Joel Waldfogel

Pop Internationalism: Has A Half Century of World Music Trade Displaced Local Culture?
w15957 Thomas J. Holmes
John J. Stevens

An Alternative Theory of the Plant Size Distribution with an Application to Trade
w15926 James R. Markusen
Expansion of Trade at the Extensive Margin: A General Gains-from-Trade Result and Illustrative Examples
w15903 James R. Markusen
Putting Per-Capita Income Back into Trade Theory
w15900 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Bent Sørensen
Vadym Volosovych

Deep Financial Integration and Volatility
w15881 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

Intra-firm Trade and Product Contractibility (Long Version)
w15882 Richard Baldwin
Frédéric Robert-Nicoud

Trade-in-goods and trade-in-tasks: An Integrating Framework
w15876 Joshua Aizenman
Menzie D. Chinn
Hiro Ito

Surfing the Waves of Globalization: Asia and Financial Globalization in the Context of the Trilemma
w15804 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak
Donghyun Park

International reserves and swap lines: substitutes or complements?
w15792 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Monika Schnitzer

Financial constraints and innovation: Why poor countries don't catch up
w15744 Axel H. Boersch-Supan
Alexander Ludwig

Old Europe ages: Reforms and Reform Backlashes
w15749 Robert C. Feenstra
David E. Weinstein

Globalization, Markups and U.S. Welfare
w15750 Pol Antràs
Arnaud Costinot

Intermediated Trade
w15751 Pol Antràs
Arnaud Costinot

Intermediation and Economic Integration
w15755 Paul M. Romer
Which Parts of Globalization Matter for Catch-up Growth?
w15764 Elhanan Helpman
Labor Market Frictions as a Source of Comparative Advantage, with Implications for Unemployment and Inequality
w15768 William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

The Supply Side of Innovation: H-1B Visa Reforms and US Ethnic Invention
w15694 Daron Acemoglu
Pierre Yared

Political Limits to Globalization
w15700 Xiaobo Lü
Kenneth F. Scheve
Matthew J. Slaughter

Envy, Altruism, and the International Distribution of Trade Protection
w15706 JaeBin Ahn
Amit K. Khandelwal
Shang-Jin Wei

The Role of Intermediaries in Facilitating Trade
w15711 Benjamin F. Jones
Benjamin A. Olken

Climate Shocks and Exports
w15712 Chad Syverson
What Determines Productivity?
w15679 Kris James Mitchener
Se Yan

Globalization, Trade & Wages: What Does History tell us about China?
w15660 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

Wholesalers and Retailers in U.S. Trade (Long Version)
w15625 Giovanni Peri
Francisco Requena

The Trade Creation Effect of Immigrants: Evidence from the Remarkable Case of Spain
w15628 Costas Arkolakis
Arnaud Costinot
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

New Trade Models, Same Old Gains?
w15604 Natalia Ramondo
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Trade, Multinational Production, and the Gains from Openness
w15613 Yan Dong
John Whalley

How Large are the Impacts of Carbon Motivated Border Tax Adjustments
w15593 Robert C. Feenstra
Measuring the Gains from Trade under Monopolistic Competition
w15557 James Feyrer
Distance, Trade, and Income - The 1967 to 1975 Closing of the Suez Canal as a Natural Experiment
w15541 Robert W. Staiger
Alan O. Sykes

International Trade and Domestic Regulation
w15548 Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott

A Concordance Between Ten-Digit U.S. Harmonized System Codes and SIC/NAICS Product Classes and Industries
w15524 Miguel Almunia
Agustín S. Bénétrix
Barry Eichengreen
Kevin H. O'Rourke
Gisela Rua

From Great Depression to Great Credit Crisis: Similarities, Differences and Lessons
w15528 Katheryn N. Russ
Diego Valderrama

Financial Choice in a Non-Ricardian Model of Trade
w15530 James R. Markusen
Frank Stähler

Endogenous Market Structure and Foreign Market Entry
w15501 William Kerr
The Agglomeration of US Ethnic Inventors
w15503 Mary Amiti
Amit K. Khandelwal

Import Competition and Quality Upgrading
w15509 Wolfgang Keller
Stephen R. Yeaple

The Gravity of Knowledge
w15484 Joshua Aizenman
Hoarding International Reserves Versus a Pigovian Tax-Cum-Subsidy Scheme: Reflections on the Deleveraging Crisis of 2008-9, and a Cost Benefit Analysis
w15492 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

The Economics of Trade Agreements in the Linear Cournot Delocation Model
w15460 Giovanni Maggi
Robert W. Staiger

Breach, Remedies and Dispute Settlement in Trade Agreements
w15468 Margaret Kyle
Anita McGahan

Investments in Pharmaceuticals Before and After TRIPS
w15442 Wolfgang Keller
International Trade, Foreign Direct Investment, and Technology Spillovers
w15444 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Delocation and Trade Agreements in Imperfectly Competitive Markets
w15445 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

The WTO: Theory and Practice
w15418 Jean Imbs
Haroon Mumtaz
Morten O. Ravn
Hélène Rey

One TV, One Price?
w15428 Diego A. Comin
Norman Loayza
Farooq Pasha
Luis Serven

Medium Term Business Cycles in Developing Countries
w15308 Joshua Aizenman
Yi Sun

The financial crisis and sizable international reserves depletion: From 'fear of floating' to the 'fear of losing international reserves'?
w15397 Robert E. Baldwin
U.S. Trade Policy Since 1934: An Uneven Path Toward Greater Trade Liberalization
w15370 Huifang Tian
John Whalley

Level versus Equivalent Intensity Carbon Mitigation Commitments
w15363 Yan Dong
John Whalley

Model Structure and the Combined Welfare and Trade Effects of China's Trade Related Policies
w15329 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Income Distribution, Product Quality, and International Trade
w15342 Kalina Manova
Zhiwei Zhang

Export Prices Across Firms and Destinations
w15267 David S. Jacks
Christopher M. Meissner
Dennis Novy

Trade Booms, Trade Busts, and Trade Costs
w15274 Joshua Aizenman
Nan Geng

Adjustment of State Owned and Foreign-Funded Enterprises in China to Economic Reforms,1980s-2007: a logistic smooth transition regression (LSTR) approach
w15287 Alan S. Blinder
Alan B. Krueger

Alternative Measures of Offshorability: A Survey Approach
w15249 Kalina Manova
Zhiwei Zhang

China's Exporters and Importers: Firms, Products and Trade Partners
w15255 Emi Nakamura
Dawit Zerom

Accounting for Incomplete Pass-Through
w15204 Anusha Chari
Peter Blair Henry
Diego Sasson

Capital Market Integration and Wages
w15196 Hartmut Egger
Peter Egger
James R. Markusen

International Welfare and Employment Linkages Arising from Minimum Wages
w15198 Jan De Loecker
Frederic Warzynski

Markups and firm-level export status
w15176 Russell Cooper
Hubert Kempf
Dan Peled

Insulation Impossible: Fiscal Spillovers in a Monetary Union
w15178 Amit Khandelwal
The Long and Short (of) Quality Ladders
w15142 Barry Eichengreen
Douglas A. Irwin

The Slide to Protectionism in the Great Depression: Who Succumbed and Why?
w15144 Douglas A. Irwin
Revenue or Reciprocity? Founding Feuds over Early U.S. Trade Policy
w15154 David L. Hummels
Georg Schaur

Hedging Price Volatility Using Fast Transport
w15113 James Feyrer
Jay C. Shambaugh

Global Savings and Global Investment: The Transmission of Identified Fiscal Shocks
w15107 Avraham Ebenstein
Ann Harrison
Margaret McMillan
Shannon Phillips

Estimating the Impact of Trade and Offshoring on American Workers Using the Current Population Surveys
w15097 Matilde Bombardini
Giovanni Gallipoli
Germán Pupato

Skill Dispersion and Trade Flows
w15048 Bilgehan Karabay
John McLaren

Trade, Offshoring, and the Invisible Handshake
w15034 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Elias Papaioannou
José-Luis Peydró

What Lies Beneath the Euro's Effect on Financial Integration: Currency Risk, Legal Harmonization, or Trade?
w15018 Joshua Aizenman
Financial Crisis and the Paradox of Under- and Over-Regulation
w14992 Pravin Krishna
Mine Zeynep Senses

International Trade and Labor Income Risk in the United States
w14953 Kishore Gawande
Pravin Krishna
Marcelo Olarreaga

What Governments Maximize and Why: The View from Trade
w14956 Bruce A. Blonigen
Anson Soderbery

Measuring the Benefits of Product Variety with an Accurate Variety Set
w14965 Pravin Krishna
Andrei A. Levchenko

Comparative Advantage, Complexity and Volatility
w14928 Juan Carlos Hallak
Jagadeesh Sivadasan

Firms' Exporting Behavior under Quality Constraints
w14936 Arik Levinson
Pollution and International Trade in Services
w14910 James Feyrer
Trade and Income -- Exploiting Time Series in Geography
w14880 Yan Dong
John Whalley

Carbon Motivated Regional Trade Arrangements: Analytics and Simulations
w14887 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Elias Papaioannou
José Luis Peydró

Financial Regulation, Financial Globalization and the Synchronization of Economic Activity
w14891 Pol Antràs
C. Fritz Foley

Regional Trade Integration and Multinational Firm Strategies
w14854 Andrew K. Rose
Mark M. Spiegel

The Olympic Effect
w14834 Mario J. Crucini
Hakan Yilmazkuday

A Model of International Cities: Implications for Real Exchange Rates
w14837 Justin R. Pierce
Peter K. Schott

Concording U.S. Harmonized System Categories Over Time
w14843 Geert Bekaert
Campbell R. Harvey
Christian Lundblad

Financial Openness and Productivity
w14812 Kyle Bagwell
Self-Enforcing Trade Agreements and Private Information
w14816 Maurice Obstfeld
Time of Troubles: The Yen and Japan's Economy, 1985-2008
w14821 Joshua Aizenman
Gurnain Kaur Pasricha

Selective Swap Arrangements and the Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Interpretation
w14802 Geert Bekaert
Campbell R. Harvey
Christian Lundblad
Stephan Siegel

What Segments Equity Markets?
w14803 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Profit Shifting and Trade Agreements in Imperfectly Competitive Markets
w14779 Joshua Aizenman
On the Paradox of Prudential Regulations in the Globalized Economy: International Reserves and the Crisis a Reassessment
w14763 Sevket Pamuk
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Ottoman De-Industrialization 1800-1913: Assessing the Shock, Its Impact and the Response
w14767 William Hynes
David S. Jacks
Kevin H. O'Rourke

Commodity Market Disintegration in the Interwar Period
w14771 Matilde Bombardini
Francesco Trebbi

Competition and Political Organization: Together or Alone in Lobbying for Trade Policy?
w14748 David S. Jacks
Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Commodity Price Volatility and World Market Integration since 1700
w14711 Yuezhou Cai
Raymond Riezman
John Whalley

International Trade and the Negotiability of Global Climate Change Agreements
w14716 Robert C. Feenstra
Shang-Jin Wei

Introduction to "China's Growing Role in World Trade"
w14694 Sambit Bhattacharyya
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Commodity Price Shocks and the Australian Economy since Federation
w14662 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

The Margins of U.S. Trade (Long Version)
w14670 Bee Yan Aw
Mark J. Roberts
Daniel Yi Xu

R&D Investment, Exporting, and Productivity Dynamics
w14672 Arnaud Costinot
Jonathan Vogel

Matching and Inequality in the World Economy
w14655 Nuno Limão
Patricia Tovar

Policy Choice: Theory and Evidence from Commitment via International Trade Agreements
w14645 Arnaud Costinot
An Elementary Theory of Comparative Advantage
w14632 Albert Park
Dean Yang
Xinzheng Shi
Yuan Jiang

Exporting and Firm Performance: Chinese Exporters and the Asian Financial Crisis
w14643 James E. Anderson
Globalization and Income Distribution: A Specific Factors Continuum Approach
w14642 James E. Anderson
Gravity, Productivity and the Pattern of Production and Trade
w14626 Wolfgang Keller
Stephen R. Yeaple

Global Production and Trade in the Knowledge Economy
w14627 Bruce Blonigen
New Evidence on the Formation of Trade Policy Preferences
w14600 Robert W. Staiger
Alan O. Sykes

"Currency Manipulation" and World Trade
w14610 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum
Francis Kramarz

An Anatomy of International Trade: Evidence from French Firms
w14582 Man-Keung Tang
Shang-Jin Wei

The Value of Making Commitments Externally: Evidence from WTO Accessions
w14531 Kalina Manova
Credit Constraints, Heterogeneous Firms, and International Trade
w14554 Gene M. Grossman
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Task Trade between Similar Countries
w14561 Joshua Aizenman
Michael Hutchison
Ilan Noy

Inflation Targeting and Real Exchange Rates in Emerging Markets
w14562 Joshua Aizenman
Reuven Glick

Sovereign Wealth Funds: Stylized Facts about their Determinants and Governance
w14565 Lucas W. Davis
Matthew E. Kahn

International Trade in Used Durable Goods: The Environmental Consequences of NAFTA
w14533 Joshua Aizenman
Menzie D. Chinn
Hiro Ito

Assessing the Emerging Global Financial Architecture: Measuring the Trilemma's Configurations over Time
w14497 Gordon H. Hanson
Raymond Robertson

China and the Manufacturing Exports of Other Developing Countries
w14493 Sibylle H. Lehmann
Kevin H. O'Rourke

The Structure of Protection and Growth in the Late 19th Century
w14495 Irene Brambilla
Guido Porto
Alessandro Tarozzi

Adjusting to Trade Policy: Evidence from U.S. Antidumping Duties on Vietnamese Catfish
w14478 Elhanan Helpman
Oleg Itskhoki
Stephen Redding

Inequality and Unemployment in a Global Economy
w14453 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

The US as the "Demander of Last Resort" and its Implications on China's Current Account
w14459 Alon Cohen
Assaf Razin

The Skill Composition of Immigrants and the Generosity of the Welfare State: Free vs. Policy-Controlled Migration
w14461 Gordon H. Hanson
Chong Xiang

Testing the Melitz Model of Trade: An Application to U.S. Motion Picture Exports
w14431 Yan Dong
John Whalley

Carbon, Trade Policy, and Carbon Free Trade Areas
w14438 Barry Eichengreen
Katharina Steiner

Is Poland at Risk of a Boom-and-Bust Cycle in the Run-Up to Euro Adoption?
w14416 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Amit Khandelwal
Nina Pavcnik
Petia Topalova

Imported Intermediate Inputs and Domestic Product Growth: Evidence from India
w14425 Gene M. Grossman
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

External Economies and International Trade Redux
w14418 Maurice Kugler
Eric Verhoogen

The Quality-Complementarity Hypothesis: Theory and Evidence from Colombia
w14423 James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

The Changing Incidence of Geography
w14344 Joshua Aizenman
Jake Kendall

The Internationalization of Venture Capital and Private Equity
w14305 Richard E. Baldwin
Tadashi Ito

Quality competition versus price competition goods: An empirical classification
w14299 Xavier Gabaix
Power Laws in Economics and Finance
w14285 Pol Antràs
Robert W. Staiger

Offshoring and the Role of Trade Agreements
w14286 Mary Lovely
David Popp

Trade, Technology, and the Environment: Why Have Poor Countries Regulated Sooner?
w14262 Pol Antràs
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Organizations and Trade
w14264 Antoni Estevadeordal
Alan M. Taylor

Is the Washington Consensus Dead? Growth, Openness, and the Great Liberalization, 1970s-2000s
w14214 Costas Arkolakis
Market Penetration Costs and the New Consumers Margin in International Trade
w14139 David S. Jacks
Krishna Pendakur

Global Trade and the Maritime Transport Revolution
w14127 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Amit Khandelwal
Nina Pavcnik
Petia Topalova

Multi-product Firms and Product Turnover in the Developing World: Evidence from India
w14129 Pol Antràs
Gerard Padró i Miquel

Foreign Influence and Welfare
w14106 Mary Amiti
Donald R. Davis

Trade, Firms, and Wages: Theory and Evidence
w14109 Robert Koopman
Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei

How Much of Chinese Exports is Really Made In China? Assessing Domestic Value-Added When Processing Trade is Pervasive
w14088 Pierre-Richard Agenor
Joshua Aizenman

Capital Market Imperfections and the Theory of Optimum Currency Areas
w14090 Kris J. Mitchener
Mari Ohnuki

Institutions, Competition, and Capital Market Integration in Japan
w14077 Gregory Clark
Kevin H. O'Rourke
Alan M. Taylor

Made in America? The New World, the Old, and the Industrial Revolution
w14072 Stephen Yeaple
Firm Heterogeneity and the Structure of U.S. Multinational Activity: An Empirical Analysis
w14079 Ram C. Acharya
Wolfgang Keller

Estimating the Productivity Selection and Technology Spillover Effects of Imports
w14056 Richard Baldwin
Big-Think Regionalism: A Critical Survey
w14061 Runjuan Liu
Daniel Trefler

Much Ado About Nothing: American Jobs and the Rise of Service Outsourcing to China and India
w14067 Giovanni Maggi
Robert W. Staiger

On the Role and Design of Dispute Settlement Procedures in International Trade Agreements
w14045 James E. Anderson
Does Trade Foster Contract Enforcement?
w14046 James E. Anderson
Consistent Trade Policy Aggregation
w14017 Christian Broda
David E. Weinstein

Understanding International Price Differences Using Barcode Data
w14024 Hany Besada
Yang Wang
John Whalley

China's Growing Economic Activity in Africa
w14025 Ben Lockwood
John Whalley

Carbon Motivated Border Tax Adjustments: Old Wine in Green Bottles?
w13990 Aurora Gómez Galvarriato
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Was It Prices, Productivity or Policy? The Timing and Pace of Latin American Industrialization after 1870
w13988 Andrew K. Rose
Mark M. Spiegel

Non-Economic Engagement and International Exchange: The Case of Environmental Treaties
w13984 Jiandong Ju
Shang-Jin Wei

When Is Quality of Financial System a Source of Comparative Advantage?
w13933 Costas Arkolakis
Svetlana Demidova
Peter J. Klenow
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Endogenous Variety and the Gains from Trade
w13963 James Harrigan
Haiyan Deng

China's Local Comparative Advantage
w13942 David Weinstein
Christian Broda

Exporting Deflation? Chinese Exports and Japanese Prices
w13952 Martin S. Feldstein
Resolving the Global Imbalance: The Dollar and the U.S. Saving Rate
w13958 Jikun Huang
Yu Liu
Will Martin
Scott Rozelle

Agricultural Trade Reform and Rural Prosperity: Lessons from China
w13913 Wolfgang Keller
Carol H. Shiue

Institutions, Technology, and Trade
w13921 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

Current Account Patterns and National Real Estate Markets
w13902 Joshua Aizenman
Reuven Glick

Sterilization, Monetary Policy, and Global Financial Integration
w13899 Susumu Imai
Hajime Katayama
Kala Krishna

Is Protection Really for Sale? A Survey and Directions for Future Research
w13900 Susumu Imai
Hajime Katayama
Kala Krishna

A Quantile-based Test of Protection for Sale Model
w13853 Joshua Aizenman
Jaewoo Lee

The Real Exchange Rate, Mercantilism and the Learning by Doing Externality
w13860 Judith M. Dean
Mary E. Lovely

Trade Growth, Production Fragmentation, and China's Environment
w13836 Farley Grubb
Testing for the Economic Impact of the U.S. Constitution: Purchasing Power Parity across the Colonies versus across the States, 1748-1811
w13846 Robert Dekle
Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Global Rebalancing with Gravity: Measuring the Burden of Adjustment
w13790 George Alessandria
Joseph Kaboski
Virgiliu Midrigan

Inventories, Lumpy Trade, and Large Devaluations
w13807 Juan Carlos Hallak
Peter K. Schott

Estimating Cross-Country Differences in Product Quality
w13771 Zhi Wang
Shang-Jin Wei

What Accounts for the Rising Sophistication of China's Exports?
w13765 Kris James Mitchener
Marc Weidenmier

Trade and Empire
w13740 Barry Eichengreen
Sui Generis EMU
w13734 Joshua Aizenman
Yi Sun

Globalization and the Sustainability of Large Current Account Imbalances: Size Matters
w13698 Hiau Looi Kee
Kala Krishna

Firm Level Heterogeneous Productivity and Demand Shocks: Evidence from Bangladesh
w13703 Robert Feenstra
Hong Ma

Optimal Choice of Product Scope for Multiproduct Firms under Monopolistic Competition
w13691 Arnaud Costinot
Ivana Komunjer

What Goods Do Countries Trade? New Ricardian Predictions
w13688 Svetlana Demidova
Andrés Rodríguez-Clare

Trade Policy under Firm-Level Heterogeneity in a Small Economy
w13662 Andres Rodriguez-Clare
Trade, Diffusion and the Gains from Openness
w13671 Bruce A. Blonigen
Benjamin H. Liebman
Wesley W. Wilson

Trade Policy and Market Power: The Case of the US Steel Industry
w13628 Tibor Besedes
Thomas J. Prusa

The Role of Extensive and Intensive Margins and Export Growth
w13631 Susana Iranzo
Giovanni Peri

Migration and Trade in a World of Technological Differences: Theory with an Application to Eastern-Western European Integration
w13610 Emily Oster
Routes of Infection: Exports and HIV Incidence in Sub-Saharan Africa
w13616 Arik Levinson
Technology, International Trade, and Pollution from U.S. Manufacturing
w13659 Katheryn Niles Russ
Exchange Rate Volatility and First-Time Entry by Multinational Firms
w13552 Robert C. Feenstra
Chang Hong

China's Exports and Employment
w13531 Jonathan Eaton
Marcela Eslava
Maurice Kugler
James Tybout

Export Dynamics in Colombia: Firm-Level Evidence
w13463 Stephen Cameron
Shubham Chaudhuri
John McLaren

Trade Shocks and Labor Adjustment: Theory
w13464 Shubham Chaudhuri
John McLaren

Some Simple Analytics of Trade and Labor Mobility
w13465 Erhan Artuc
Shubham Chaudhuri
John McLaren

Trade Shocks and Labor Adjustment: A Structural Empirical Approach
w13470 Lee Branstetter
C. Fritz Foley

Facts and Fallacies about U.S. FDI in China
w13451 Joseph H. Davis
Douglas A. Irwin

The Antebellum U.S. Iron Industry: Domestic Production and Foreign Competition
w13446 Raymond Fisman
Shang-Jin Wei

The Smuggling of Art, and the Art of Smuggling: Uncovering the Illicit Trade in Cultural Property and Antiques
w13450 Douglas A. Irwin
Trade Restrictiveness and Deadweight Losses from U.S. Tariffs, 1859-1961
w13393 Barry Eichengreen
The Breakup of the Euro Area
w13395 Jorge Balat
Irene Brambilla
Guido Porto

Realizing the Gains From Trade: Export Crops, Marketing Costs, and Poverty
w13365 Elhanan Helpman
Oleg Itskhoki

Labor Market Rigidities, Trade and Unemployment
w13367 Nathan Nunn
The Long-Term Effects of Africa's Slave Trades
w13376 Bruce Blonigen
Alyson Ma

Please Pass the Catch-up The Relative Performance of Chinese and Foreign Firms in Chinese Exports
w13346 Irene Brambilla
Amit Khandelwal
Peter Schott

China's Experience Under the Multifiber Arrangement (MFA) and the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC)
w13349 Chad P. Bown
China's WTO Entry: Antidumping, Safeguards, and Dispute Settlement
w13326 Andrew Atkeson
Ariel Burstein

Innovation, firm dynamics, and international trade
w13297 Alla Lileeva
Daniel Trefler

Improved Access to Foreign Markets Raises Plant-Level Productivity ... for Some Plants
w13271 Deborah L. Swenson
Multinationals and the Creation of Chinese Trade Linkages
w13277 Joshua Aizenman
Large Hoarding of International Reserves and the Emerging Global Economic Architecture
w13258 Orley Ashenfelter
Stephen Ciccarella
Howard J. Shatz

French Wine and the U.S. Boycott of 2003: Does Politics Really Affect Commerce?
w13239 Robert E. Lipsey
Birgitta Swedenborg

Explaining Product Price Differences Across Countries
w13241 Pol Antràs
Ricardo J. Caballero

Trade and Capital Flows: A Financial Frictions Perspective
w13209 Kiminori Matsuyama
Aggregate Implications of Credit Market Imperfections
w13214 Richard Baldwin
James Harrigan

Zeros, Quality and Space: Trade Theory and Trade Evidence
w13222 Garth Frazer
Johannes Van Biesebroeck

Trade Growth under the African Growth and Opportunity Act
w13203 Andrés Rodríguez-Clare
Offshoring in a Ricardian World
w13183 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Rebecca Hellerstein

A Structural Approach to Identifying the Sources of Local-Currency Price Stability
w13144 Paul R. Bergin
Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson

Outsourcing and Volatility
w13149 Devashish Mitra
Priya Ranjan

Offshoring and Unemployment
w13155 Jan De Loecker
Product Differentiation, Multi-product Firms and Estimating the Impact of Trade Liberalization on Productivity
w13139 Donald R. Davis
James Harrigan

Good Jobs, Bad Jobs, and Trade Liberalization
w13130 Edward J. Balistreri
James R. Markusen

Sub-national Differentiation and the Role of the Firm in Optimal International Pricing
w13084 Joshua Aizenman
Mark Spiegel

w13086 Ram C. Acharya
Wolfgang Keller

Technology Transfer through Imports
w13062 Alejandro Cuñat
Marc J. Melitz

Volatility, Labor Market Flexibility, and the Pattern of Comparative Advantage
w13048 John Romalis
Market Access, Openness and Growth
w13054 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

Firms in International Trade
w13055 Joan R. Rosés
Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Globalization, Growth and Distribution in Spain 1500-1913
w13057 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Ahmed S. Rahman
Alan M. Taylor

Trade, Knowledge, and the Industrial Revolution
w13035 Robert Dekle
Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Unbalanced Trade
w13037 Anna Maria Mayda
Kevin H. O'Rourke
Richard Sinnott

Risk, Government and Globalization: International Survey Evidence
w13040 Kala Krishna
Ling H. Tan

Trade Policy with Heterogeneous Traders: Do Quotas Get a Bum Rap?
w13020 Shang-Jin Wei
Zhiwei Zhang

Collateral Damage: Exchange Controls and International Trade
w13023 John Whalley
Xian Xin

Regionalization, Changes in Home Bias, and the Growth of World Trade
w13001 Nikolaj Malchow-Møller
James R. Markusen
Bertel Schjerning

Foreign Firms, Domestic Wages
w12980 Marc-Andreas Muendler
Trade and Workforce Changeover in Brazil
w12991 Richard Baldwin
Frederic Robert-Nicoud

Offshoring: General Equilibrium Effects on Wages, Production and Trade
w12969 M. Scott Taylor
Buffalo Hunt: International Trade and the Virtual Extinction of the North American Bison
w12971 Mary Amiti
John Romalis

Will the Doha Round Lead to Preference Erosion?
w12946 Hans-Werner Sinn
The Welfare State and the Forces of Globalization
w12949 Svetlana Demidova
Kala Krishna

Trade and Trade Policy with Differentiated Products: A Chamberlinian-Ricardian Model: A Comment
w12950 Svetlana Demidova
Kala Krishna

Firm Heterogeneity and Firm Behavior with Conditional Policies
w12914 David Hummels
Volodymyr Lugovskyy
Alexandre Skiba

The Trade Reducing Effects of Market Power in International Shipping
w12927 Elhanan Helpman
Marc Melitz
Yona Rubinstein

Estimating Trade Flows: Trading Partners and Trading Volumes
w12884 Eric V. Edmonds
Nina Pavcnik
Petia Topalova

Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments: Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform
w12885 Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

Distributional Effects of Globalization in Developing Countries
w12861 Andrew Atkeson
Ariel Burstein

Pricing-to-Market in a Ricardian Model of International Trade
w12750 Joshua Aizenman
Kenneth Kletzer
Brian Pinto

Economic Growth with Constraints on Tax Revenues and Public Debt: Implications for Fiscal Policy and Cross-Country Differences
w12818 Raymond Fisman
Peter Moustakerski
Shang-Jin Wei

Outsourcing Tariff Evasion: A New Explanation for Entrepot Trade
w12799 Desiree van Welsum
Xavier Reif

We Can Work It Out - The Globalisation of ICT-enabled Services
w12780 John Whalley
Shunming Zhang

State-Owned Enterprise Behaviour Responses to Trade Reforms: Some Analytics and Numerical Simulation Results Using Chinese Data
w12782 Andrew B. Bernard
Stephen J. Redding
Peter K. Schott

Multi-Product Firms and Trade Liberalization
w12759 Robert Z. Lawrence
China and the Multilateral Trading System
w12760 Lawrence Edwards
Robert Z. Lawrence

South African Trade Policy Matters: Trade Performance and Trade Policy
w12745 Henrik Horn
Giovanni Maggi
Robert W. Staiger

Trade Agreements as Endogenously Incomplete Contracts
w12747 Pol Antràs
Elhanan Helpman

Contractual Frictions and Global Sourcing
w12734 Joshua Aizenman
International Reserves Management and the Current Account
w12718 Joshua Aizenman
Jaewoo Lee

Financial Versus Monetary Mercantilism-Long-run View of Large International Reserves Hoarding
w12712 Juan Carlos Hallak
A Product-Quality View of the Linder Hypothesis
w12725 Svetlana Demidova
Hiau Looi Kee
Kala Krishna

Do Trade Policy Differences Induce Sorting? Theory and Evidence from Bangladeshi Apparel Exporters
w12721 Gene M. Grossman
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Trading Tasks: A Simple Theory of Offshoring
w12727 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

What Do Trade Negotiators Negotiate About? Empirical Evidence from the World Trade Organization
w12673 Richard E. Baldwin
Virginia Di Nino

Euros and Zeros: The Common Currency Effect on Trade in New Goods
w12667 Shang-Jin Wei
Zhiwei Zhang

Do External Interventions Work? The Case of Trade Reform Conditions in IMF Supported Programs
w12620 Sebastian Edwards
External Imbalances in an Advanced, Commodity-Exporting Country: The Case of New Zealand
w12602 David S. Jacks
Christopher M. Meissner
Dennis Novy

Trade Costs in the First Wave of Globalization
w12579 James Harrigan
Geoffrey Barrows

Testing the Theory of Trade Policy: Evidence from the Abrupt End of the Multifibre Arrangement
w12576 James E. Anderson
Commercial Policy in a Predatory World
w12566 Claustre Bajona
Timothy J. Kehoe

Demographics in Dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin Models: Overlapping Generations Versus Infinitely Lived Consumers
w12567 Claustre Bajona
Timothy J. Kehoe

Trade, Growth, and Convergence in a Dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin Model
w12545 Richard Baldwin
Multilateralising Regionalism: Spaghetti Bowls as Building Blocs on the Path to Global Free Trade
w12553 Jeffrey G. Williamson
Inequality and Schooling Responses to Globalization Forces: Lessons from History
w12539 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Importation and Innovation
w12543 Alan M. Taylor
Janine L. F. Wilson

International Trade and Finance under the Two Hegemons: Complementaries in the United Kingdom 1870-1913 and the United States 1920-30
w12531 Yo Chul Choi
David Hummels
Chong Xiang

Explaining Import Variety and Quality: The Role of the Income Distribution
w12516 Richard Baldwin
Daria Taglioni

Gravity for Dummies and Dummies for Gravity Equations
w12493 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Peter K. Schott

Transfer Pricing by U.S.-Based Multinational Firms
w12495 Linda S. Goldberg
Cédric Tille

The International Role of the Dollar and Trade Balance Adjustment
w12496 Jeffrey Frankel
Jumana Poonawala

The Forward Market in Emerging Currencies: Less Biased Than in Major Currencies
w12457 Beata Smarzynska Javorcik
Wolfgang Keller
James R. Tybout

Openness and Industrial Responses in a Wal-Mart World: A Case Study of Mexican Soaps, Detergents and Surfactant Producers
w12439 John Whalley
Xian Xin

Home and Regional Biases and Border Effects in Armington Type Models
w12432 Shin-ichi Fukuda
Masanori Ono

On the Determinants of Exporters' Currency Pricing: History vs. Expectations
w12423 Gene M. Grossman
Edwin C.-L. Lai

Parallel Imports and Price Controls
w12411 Tatyana Chesnokova
Kala Krishna

Skill Acquisition, Credit Constraints, and Trade
w12385 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Innovation, Diffusion, and Trade
w12395 Takatoshi Ito
Kiyotaka Sato

Exchange Rate Changes and Inflation in Post-Crisis Asian Economies: VAR Analysis of the Exchange Rate Pass-Through
w12372 Ann E. Harrison
Margaret S. McMillan

Outsourcing Jobs? Multinationals and US Employment
w12373 Lee Branstetter
Nicholas Lardy

China's Embrace of Globalization
w12363 Joshua Aizenman
Daniel Riera-Crichton

Real Exchange Rate and International Reserves in the Era of Growing Financial and Trade Integration
w12347 Ann Harrison
Globalization and Poverty
w12322 Volker Nocke
Stephen Yeaple

Globalization and Endogenous Firm Scope
w12316 Rafael Dobado González
Aurora Gómez Galvarriato
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Globalization, De-Industrialization and Mexican Exceptionalism 1750-1879
w12296 Hui Huang
John Whalley

Baumol-Tobin and the Welfare Costs of National Security Border Delays
w12271 Robert E. Lipsey
Measuring International Trade in Services
w12258 Susumu Imai
Hajime Katayama
Kala Krishna

Protection for Sale or Surge Protection?
w12250 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Alan M. Taylor

Democracy and Protectionism
w12217 Irene Brambilla
Multinationals, Technology, and the Introduction of Varieties of Goods
w12226 Joshua Aizenman
Ilan Noy

Prizes for Basic Research -- Human Capital, Economic Might and the Shadow of History
w12240 Jagadeesh Sivadasan
Joel Slemrod

Tax Law Changes, Income Shifting and Measured Wage Inequality: Evidence from India
w12196 Pol Antràs
Luis Garicano
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Organizing Offshoring: Middle Managers and Communication Costs
w12178 John Whalley
The Post MFA Performance of Developing Asia
w12188 Marianne Baxter
Michael A. Kouparitsas

What Determines Bilateral Trade Flows?
w12173 Peter K. Schott
The Relative Sophistication of Chinese Exports
w12160 Douglas A. Irwin
The Impact of Federation on Australia's Trade Flows
w12161 Douglas A. Irwin
Antebellum Tariff Politics: Coalition Formation and Shifting Regional Interests
w12162 Douglas A. Irwin
Tariff Incidence in America's Gilded Age
w12164 Nathan Nunn
Daniel Trefler

Putting the Lid on Lobbying: Tariff Structure and Long-Term Growth when Protection is for Sale
w12091 Elhanan Helpman
Trade, FDI, and the Organization of Firms
w12052 Bruce A. Blonigen
Wesley Wilson

New Measures of Port Efficiency Using International Trade Data
w12033 Christian Broda
Nuno Limão
David Weinstein

Optimal Tariffs: The Evidence
w11947 Dani Rodrik
What's So Special about China's Exports?
w11926 Mary Amiti
Shang-Jin Wei

Service Offshoring and Productivity: Evidence from the United States
w11933 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

Globalization and Developing Countries - A Shrinking Tax Base?
w11890 James E. Rauch
Vitor Trindade

Neckties in the Tropics: A Model of International Trade and Cultural Diversity
w11905 Ricardo Hausmann
Jason Hwang
Dani Rodrik

What You Export Matters
w11884 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Did Vasco da Gama Matter for European Markets? Testing Frederick Lane's Hypotheses Fifty Years Later
w11885 Robert C. Feenstra
Barbara J. Spencer

Contractual Versus Generic Outsourcing: The Role of Proximity
w11828 David Hummels
Volodymyr Lugovskyy

Trade in Ideal Varieties: Theory and Evidence
w11787 Roberto Chang
Linda Kaltani
Norman Loayza

Openness Can be Good for Growth: The Role of Policy Complementarities
w11798 Bruce A. Blonigen
Wesley W. Wilson

Foreign Subsidization and Excess Capacity
w11752 Robert C. Feenstra
Yongmin Chen

Buyer Investment, Product Variety, and Intrafirm Trade
w11764 Fernando Alvarez
Robert E. Lucas

General Equilibrium Analysis of the Eaton-Kortum Model of International Trade
w11774 Bee Yan Aw
Mark J. Roberts
Tor Winston

The Complementary Role of Exports and R&D Investments as Sources of Productivity Growth
w11730 David Clingingsmith
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Mughal Decline, Climate Change, and Britain's Industrial Ascent: An Integrated Perspective on India's 18th and 19th Century Deindustrialization
w11745 Irene Brambilla
A Customs Union with Multinational Firms: The Automobile Market in Argentina and Brazil
w11719 Menzie D. Chinn
Supply Capacity, Vertical Specialization and Tariff Rates: The Implications for Aggregate U.S. Trade Flow Equations
w11716 Giovanni Maggi
Andres Rodriguez-Clare

A Political-Economy Theory of Trade Agreements
w11718 Devashish Mitra
Priya Ranjan

Y2K and Offshoring: The Role of External Economies and Firm Heterogeneity
w11688 James Harrigan
Airplanes and Comparative Advantage
w11652 Joshua Aizenman
Reuven Glick

Pegged Exchange Rate Regimes -- A Trap?
w11661 Roger Gordon
Wei Li

Puzzling Tax Structures in Developing Countries: A Comparison of Two Alternative Explanations
w11607 Jean Imbs
Haroon Mumtaz
Morten O. Ravn
Hélène Rey

"Aggregation Bias" DOES Explain the PPP Puzzle
w11614 Petia Topalova
Trade Liberalization, Poverty, and Inequality: Evidence from Indian Districts
w11565 Reuven Glick
Alan M. Taylor

Collateral Damage: Trade Disruption and the Economic Impact of War
w11571 Diego Puga
Daniel Trefler

Wake Up and Smell the Ginseng: The Rise of Incremental Innovation in Low-Wage Countries
w11539 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

The Collection Efficiency of the Value Added Tax: Theory and International Evidence
w11472 Kris James Mitchener
Marc D. Weidenmier

Supersanctions and Sovereign Debt Repayment
w11479 Chiara Criscuolo
Jonathan E. Haskel
Matthew J. Slaughter

Global Engagement and the Innovation Activities of Firms
w11448 Andrew B. Bernard
Raymond Robertson
Peter K. Schott

A Note on the Empirical Implementation of the Lens Condition
w11471 Richard Baldwin
Heterogeneous Firms and Trade: Testable and Untestable Properties of the Melitz Model
w11428 Susan M. Richter
J. Edward Taylor
Antonio Naude

Impacts of Policy Reforms on Labor Migration From Rural Mexico to the United States
w11418 Barbara J. Spencer
International Outsourcing and Incomplete Contracts
w11403 Joshua Aizenman
Ilan Noy

FDI and Trade -- Two Way Linkages?
w11404 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Peter K. Schott

Importers, Exporters, and Multinationals: A Portrait of Firms in the U.S. that Trade Goods
w11393 Marc J. Melitz
Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano

Market Size, Trade, and Productivity
w11371 Kishore Gawande
Pravin Krishna
Marcelo Olarreaga

Lobbying Competition Over Trade Policy
w11344 Kevin H. O'Rourke
The Worldwide Economic Impact of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
w11366 Joshua Aizenman
Jaewoo Lee

International Reserves: Precautionary versus Mercantilist Views, Theory and Evidence
w11339 Russell Hillberry
David Hummels

Trade Responses to Geographic Frictions: A Decomposition Using Micro-Data
w11283 Kala Krishna
Conditional Policies in General Equilibrium
w11296 Jaume Ventura
A Global View of Economic Growth
w11269 Giovanni Facchini
Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Gerald Willmann

Protection for Sale with Imperfect Rent Capturing
w11242 Joshua Aizenman
Ex Ante Carrots instead of Ex Post Sticks: Two Examples
w11255 Tom Krebs
Pravin Krishna
William Maloney

Trade Policy, Income Risk, and Welfare
w11221 Daniel Trefler
Susan Chun Zhu

The Structure of Factor Content Predictions
w11228 Joshua Aizenman
Eileen L. Brooks

Globalization and Taste Convergence: The Case of Wine and Beer
w11232 O. G. Dayaratna Banda
John Whalley

Beyond Goods and Services: Competition Policy, Investment, Mutual Recognition, Movement of Persons, and Broader Cooperation Provisions of Recent FTAs involving ASEAN Countries
w11209 Charles Engel
Equivalence Results for Optimal Pass-Through, Optimal Indexing to Exchange Rates, and Optimal Choice of Currency for Export Pricing
w11184 Deborah Swenson
Outsourcing Price Decisions: Evidence from U.S. 9802 Imports
w11196 Assaf Razin
Yona Rubinstein
Efraim Sadka

Corporate Taxation and Bilateral FDI with Threshold Barriers
w11143 Chor-ching Goh
Beata Smarzynska Javorcik

Trade Protection and Industry Wage Structure in Poland
w11150 Kala Krishna
Understanding Rules of Origin
w11117 J. Ernesto Lopez-Cordova
Christopher M. Meissner

The Globalization of Trade and Democracy, 1870-2000
w11111 Andrew K. Rose
The Foreign Service and Foreign Trade: Embassies as Export Promotion
w11094 Pol Antràs
Luis Garicano
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Offshoring in a Knowledge Economy
w11081 Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

The Effects of the Colombian Trade Liberalization on Urban Poverty
w11040 Robert C. Feenstra
Robert E. Lipsey
Haiyan Deng
Alyson C. Ma
Hengyong Mo

World Trade Flows: 1962-2000
w11045 Francesco Caselli
Silvana Tenreyro

Is Poland the Next Spain?
w11046 Branko Milanovic
Lyn Squire

Does Tariff Liberalization Increase Wage Inequality? Some Empirical Evidence
w11048 James Levinsohn
Margaret McMillan

Does Food Aid Harm the Poor? Household Evidence from Ethiopia
w11051 James R. Markusen
Anthony J. Venables

A Multi-Country Approach to Factor-Proportions Trade and Trade Costs
w11059 John Romalis
NAFTA's and CUSFTA's Impact on International Trade
w11027 Gordon H. Hanson
Globalization, Labor Income, and Poverty in Mexico
w11014 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

A Protectionist Bias in Majoritarian Politics
w10987 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Enforcement, Private Political Pressure and the GATT/WTO Escape Clause
w10992 Agata Antkiewicz
John Whalley

China's New Regional Trade Agreements
w11003 Volker Nocke
Stephen Yeaple

An Assignment Theory of Foreign Direct Investment
w11005 Luigi Guiso
Paola Sapienza
Luigi Zingales

Cultural Biases in Economic Exchange
w10942 Eswar S. Prasad
Kenneth S. Rogoff
Shang-Jin Wei
M. Ayhan Kose

Financial Globalization, Growth and Volatility in Developing Countries
w10959 Franziska Ohnsorge
Daniel Trefler

Sorting It Out: International Trade and Protection With Heterogeneous Workers
w10922 Diego Comin
Sunil Mulani

Diverging Trends in Macro and Micro Volatility: Facts
w10904 Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano
Giovanni Peri

The Economic Value of Cultural Diversity: Evidence from US Cities
w10898 Andrew B. Bernard
Raymond Robertson
Peter K. Schott

Is Mexico A Lumpy Country?
w10864 Assaf Razin
Yona Rubinstein
Efraim Sadka

Fixed Costs and FDI: The Conflicting Effects of Productivity Shocks
w10877 Juan Carlos Hallak
Product Quality, Linder, and the Direction of Trade
w10854 William A. Brock
M. Scott Taylor

Economic Growth and the Environment: A Review of Theory and Empirics
w10826 Pravin Krishna
Devashish Mitra

Reciprocated Unilateralism in Trade Reforms with Majority Voting
w10830 Robert C. Feenstra
Hiau Looi Kee

Export Variety and Country Productivity
w10836 Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Trade, Tragedy, and the Commons
w10808 Mary Amiti
Shang-Jin Wei

Fear of Service Outsourcing: Is It Justified?
w10798 Hans-Werner Sinn
Migration, Social Standards and Replacement Incomes: How to Protect Low-income Workers in the Industrialized Countries Against the Forces of Globalization and Market Integration
w10800 Muhammed Dalgin
Devashish Mitra
Vitor Trindade

Inequality, Nonhomothetic Preferences, and Trade: A Gravity Approach
w10783 Bruce A. Blonigen
Working the System: Firm Learning and the Antidumping Process
w10749 Ha Yan Lee
Luca Antonio Ricci
Roberto Rigobon

Once Again, is Openness Good for Growth?
w10750 Roberto Rigobon
Dani Rodrik

Rule of Law, Democracy, Openness, and Income: Estimating the Interrelationships
w10721 Philippe Aghion
Pol Antràs
Elhanan Helpman

Negotiating Free Trade
w10730 James E. Anderson
J. Peter Neary

Welfare vs. Market Access: The Implications of Tariff Structure for Tariff Reform
w10668 Andrew B. Bernard
Stephen Redding
Peter K. Schott

Comparative Advantage and Heterogeneous Firms
w10669 Angus Deaton
Health in an Age of Globalization
w10697 Deborah L. Swenson
Overseas Assembly and Country Sourcing Choices
w10649 Glenda Mallon
John Whalley

China's Post Accession WTO Stance
w10638 Doireann Fitzgerald
Juan Carlos Hallak

Specialization, Factor Accumulation and Development
w10624 Joshua Aizenman
Brian Pinto
Artur Radziwill

Sources for Financing Domestic Capital -- Is Foreign Saving a Viable Option for Developing Countries?
w10629 Arik Levinson
M. Scott Taylor

Unmasking the Pollution Haven Effect
w10600 Christopher Blattman
Jason Hwang
Jeffrey G. Williamson

The Impact of the Terms of Trade on Economic Development in the Periphery, 1870-1939: Volatility and Secular Change
w10602 Joshua Aizenman
Brian Pinto

Managing Volatility and Crises: A Practitioner's Guide Overview
w10582 Douglas Irwin
The Rise of U.S. Antidumping Actions in Historical Perspective
w10585 Josh Ederington
Arik Levinson
Jenny Minier

Trade Liberalization and Pollution Havens
w10586 David Clingingsmith
Jeffrey G. Williamson

India's De-Industrialization Under British Rule: New Ideas, New Evidence
w10593 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

Trade, Inequality, and Poverty: What Do We Know? Evidence from Recent Trade Liberalization Episodes in Developing Countries
w10534 Joshua Aizenman
Yeonho Lee
Yeongseop Rhee

International Reserves Management and Capital Mobility in a Volatile World: Policy Considerations and a Case Study of Korea
w10540 Fabio Ghironi
Marc J. Melitz

International Trade and Macroeconomic Dynamics with Heterogeneous Firms
w10544 Adriana Schor
Heterogeneous Productivity Response to Tariff Reduction: Evidence from Brazilian Manufacturing Firms
w10492 Ann Harrison
Jason Scorse

Moving Up or Moving Out? Anti-Sweatshop Activists and Labor Market Outcomes
w10496 Joshua Aizenman
Ilan Noy

Endogenous Financial and Trade Openness
w10439 James E. Anderson
Maurizio Zanardi

Political Pressure Deflection
w10420 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Backward Stealing and Forward Manipulation in the WTO
w10426 Eckhard Janeba
International Trade and Cultural Identity
w10404 James Harrigan
Anthony J. Venables

Timeliness, Trade and Agglomeration
w10405 Volker Nocke
Stephen Yeaple

Mergers and the Composition of International Commerce
w10375 Allan Drazen
Nuno Limão

Government Gains from Self-Restraint: A Bargaining Theory of Inefficient Redistribution
w10344 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum
Francis Kramarz

Dissecting Trade: Firms, Industries, and Export Destinations
w10353 Ximena Clark
David Dollar
Alejandro Micco

Port Efficiency, Maritime Transport Costs and Bilateral Trade
w10314 Christian Broda
David E. Weinstein

Globalization and the Gains from Variety
w10317 Eric Edmonds
Nina Pavcnik

International Trade and Child Labor: Cross-Country Evidence
w10319 Tibor Besedes
Thomas J. Prusa

Surviving the U.S. Import Market: The Role of Product Differentiation
w10292 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Subsidy Agreements
w10279 Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Cross-country Conversion Factors for Sectoral Productivity Comparisons
w10284 Kristin J. Forbes
Capital Controls: Mud in the Wheels of Market Discipline
w10233 Mihir A. Desai
James R. Hines Jr.

Market Reactions to Export Subsidies
w10244 Juan Carlos Hallak
James Levinsohn

Fooling Ourselves: Evaluating the Globalization and Growth Debate
w10249 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

National Sovereignty in an Interdependent World
w10250 Carolyn L. Evans
James Harrigan

Tight Clothing: How the MFA Affects Asian Apparel Exports
w10207 Andrew K. Rose
Does the WTO Make Trade More Stable?
w10208 Chin Hee Hahn
Exporting and Performance of Plants: Evidence from Korean Manufacturing
w10209 Keiko Ito
Kyoji Fukao

Physical and Human Capital Deepening and New Trade Patterns in Japan
w10198 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson

Ownership and Control in Outsourcing to China: Estimating the Property-Rights Theory of the Firm
w10173 Shujiro Urata
Kozo Kiyota

The Impacts of an East Asia FTA on Foreign Trade in East Asia
w10178 Dukgeun Ahn
WTO Dispute Settlements in East Asia
w10181 John Whalley
Assessing the Benefits to Developing Countries of Liberalization in Services Trade
w10189 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman
Adam Szeidl

Optimal Integration Strategies for the Multinational Firm
w10152 Romain Wacziarg
Karen Horn Welch

Trade Liberalization and Growth: New Evidence
w10156 Tain-Jy Chen
Ying-Hua Ku

The Effects of Overseas Investment on Domestic Employment
w10160 Philippa Dee
Jyothi Gali

The Trade and Investment Effects of Preferential Trading Arrangements
w10167 Mitsuyo Ando
Fukinari Kimura

The Formation of International Production and Distribution Networks in East Asia
w10168 John Whalley
J. Clark Leith

Competitive Liberalization and a US-SACU FTA
w10172 Zihui Ma
Leonard Cheng

The Effects of Financial Crises on International Trade
w10144 Joshua Aizenman
Ilan Noy

Endogenous Financial Openness: Efficiency and Political Economy Considerations
w10145 Assaf Razin
Yona Rubinstein
Efraim Sadka

Which Countries Export FDI, and How Much?
w10146 Gadi Barlevy
Estimating Models of On-the-Job Search Using Record Statistics
w10079 Thomas J. Holmes
Matthew F. Mitchell

A Theory of Factor Allocation and Plant Size
w10082 Pol Antràs
Elhanan Helpman

Global Sourcing
w10084 Pushan Dutt
Devashish Mitra

Labor Versus Capital in Trade-Policy Determination: The Role of General-Interest and Special-Interest Politics
w10087 Devashish Mitra
Vitor Trindade

Inequality and Trade
w10058 James Harrigan
Rohit Vanjani

Is Japan's Trade (still) Different?
w10047 Yin-Wong Cheung
Menzie D. Chinn
Eiji Fujii

The Chinese Economies in Global Context: The Integration Process and Its Determinants
w10052 Keith Head
John Ries

Heterogeneity and the FDI versus Export Decision of Japanese Manufacturers
w10020 Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Exporting Raises Productivity in Sub-Saharan African Manufacturing Plants
w10024 Arvind Subramanian
Shang-Jin Wei

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly
w9998 Andrew B. Bernard
Stephen Redding
Peter K. Schott
Helen Simpson

Relative Wage Variation and Industry Location
w9947 Erkan Erdem
James Tybout

Trade Policy and Industrial Sector Responses: Using Evolutionary Models to Interpret the Evidence
w9936 Tibor Besedes
Thomas J. Prusa

On the Duration of Trade
w9940 Christopher Blattman
Jason Hwang
Jeffrey G. Williamson

The Terms of Trade and Economic Growth in the Periphery 1870-1938
w9942 Joel Waldfogel
Lu Chen

Does Information Undermine Brand? Information Intermediary Use and Preference for Branded Web Retailers
w9943 Douglas A. Irwin
The Aftermath of Hamilton's "Report on Manufactures"
w9944 Douglas A. Irwin
Joseph H. Davis

Trade Disruptions and America's Early Industrialization
w9945 Pol Antràs
Incomplete Contracts and the Product Cycle
w9920 Kyle Bagwell
Petros C. Mavroidis
Robert W. Staiger

The Case for Auctioning Countermeasures in the WTO
w9906 Joshua Aizenman
On the Hidden Links Between Financial and Trade Opening
w9879 Rana Hasan
Devashish Mitra
K.V. Ramaswamy

Trade Reforms, Labor Regulations and Labor-Demand Elasticities: Empirical Evidence from India
w9872 Kevin O'Rourke
Heckscher-Ohlin Theory and Individual Attitudes Towards Globalization
w9874 Patricia M. Danzon
Y. Richard Wang
Liang Wang

The Impact of Price Regulation on the Launch Delay of New Drugs - Evidence from Twenty-Five Major Markets in the 1990s
w9830 Orazio Attanasio
Pinelopi Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

Trade Reforms and Wage Inequiality in Colombia
w9815 Douglas A. Irwin
Causing Problems? The WTO Review of Causation and Injury Attribution in U.S. Section 201 Cases
w9823 Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Trade, Growth and the Environment
w9776 Jean-Marie Grether
Jaime de Melo

Globalization and Dirty Industries: Do Pollution Havens Matter?
w9740 Pol Antràs
Firms, Contracts, and Trade Structure
w9716 Vanessa Strauss-Kahn
The Role of Globalization in the Within-Industry Shift Away from Unskilled Workers in France
w9718 Josh Ederington
Arik Levinson
Jenny Minier

Footloose and Pollution-Free
w9723 Gordon H. Hanson
Raymond J. Mataloni
Matthew J. Slaughter

Vertical Production Networks in Multinational Firms
w9729 Carolyn L. Evans
James Harrigan

Distance, Time, and Specialization
w9687 Jeffrey G. Williamson
Luis Bertola

Globalization in Latin America Before 1940
w9692 Alejandro Ibarra-Yunez
Spaghetti Regionalism or Strategic Foreign Trade: Some Evidence for Mexico
w9668 Christopher L. Gilbert
Panos Varangis

Globalization and International Commodity Trade with Specific Reference to the West African Cocoa Producers
w9637 Stephen Redding
Anthony J. Venables

Geography and Export Performance: External Market Access and Internal Supply Capacity
w9639 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Peter K. Schott

Falling Trade Costs, Heterogeneous Firms, and Industry Dynamics
w9656 Jeffrey G. Williamson
Was It Stolper-Samuelson, Infant Industry or Something Else? World Trade Tariffs 1789-1938
w9625 Bruce A. Blonigen
Evolving Discretionary Practices of U.S Antidumping Activity
w9631 Pravin Krishna
Devashish Mitra

Reciprocated Unilateralism in Trade Policy: An Interest-Group Approach
w9616 Doulgas A. Irwin
New Estimates of the Average Tariff of the United States, 1790-1820
w9578 Robert E. Baldwin
Openness and Growth: What's the Empirical Relationship?
w9563 Gordon H. Hanson
What Has Happened to Wages in Mexico since NAFTA?
w9572 James E. Anderson
Traders, Cops and Robbers
w9517 Karolina Ekholm
Rikard Forslid
James Markusen

Export-Platform Foreign Direct Investment
w9531 Saif I. Shah Mohammed
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Freight Rates and Productivity Gains in British Tramp Shipping 1869-1950
w9533 Pierpaolo Battigalli
Giovanni Maggi

International agreements on product standard: an incomplete contracting theory
w9511 Margaret Levenstein
Valerie Suslow
Lynda Oswald

International Price-Fixing Cartels and Developing Countries: A Discussion of Effects and Policy Remedies
w9504 Wolfgang Keller
Stephen R. Yeaple

Multinational Enterprises, International Trade, and Productivity Growth: Firm-Level Evidence from the United States
w9485 Edgar Cudmore
John Whalley

Border Delays and Trade Liberalization
w9443 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

The Response of the Informal Sector to Trade Liberalization
w9447 Stephen Redding
Peter K. Schott

Distance, Skill Deepening and Development: Will Peripheral Countries Ever Get Rich?
w9435 Silvana Tenreyro
Robert J. Barro

Economic Effects of Currency Unions
w9436 Kenn Ariga
Kenji Matsui

Mismeasurement of the CPI
w9439 Elhanan Helpman
Marc J. Melitz
Stephen R. Yeaple

Export versus FDI
w9401 Michael A. Clemens
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Closed Jaguar, Open Dragon: Comparing Tariffs in Latin America and Asia before World War II
w9387 Robert C. Feenstra
John Romalis
Peter K. Schott

U.S. Imports, Exports, and Tariff Data, 1989-2001
w9378 Daron Acemoglu
Simon Johnson
James Robinson

The Rise of Europe: Atlantic Trade, Institutional Change and Economic Growth
w9347 Andrew K. Rose
Do WTO Members have More Liberal Trade Policy?
w9318 Antoni Estevadeordal
Brian Frantz
Alan M. Taylor

The Rise and Fall of World Trade, 1870-1939
w9326 Alan M. Taylor
Globalization, Trade, and Development: Some Lessons From History
w9328 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson
Songhua Lin

The Value of Information in International Trade: Gains to Outsourcing through Hong Kong
w9332 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka
Tarek Coury

Trade Openness, Investment Instability and Terms-of-Trade Volatility
w9300 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Outsourcing versus FDI in Industry Equilibrium
w9304 Jaume Ventura
Bubbles and Capital Flows
w9285 Andrew K. Rose
Mark M. Spiegel

A Gravity Model of Sovereign Lending: Trade, Default and Credit
w9265 T. Huw Edwards
John Whalley

Short and Long Run Decompositions of OECD Wage Inequality Changes
w9273 Andrew K. Rose
Do We Really Know that the WTO Increases Trade?
w9252 Susan Feinberg
Gordon Phillips

Firm-Specific Resources, Financial-Market Development and the Growth of U.S. Multinationals
w9239 Pushan Dutt
Devashish Mitra

Political Ideology and Endogenous Trade Policy: An Empirical Investigation
w9201 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Andrew K. Rose

Is Trade Good or Bad for the Environment? Sorting Out the Causality
w9211 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

A Brazilian Debt-Crisis Model
w9223 Enrico Spolaore
Romain Wacziarg

Borders and Growth
w9154 Joshua Aizenman
Nancy P. Marion

International Reserve Holdings with Sovereign Risk and Costly Tax Collection
w9162 Keith Head
John Ries
Barbara J. Spencer

Vertical Networks and US Auto Parts Exports: Is Japan Different?
w9169 Huiwen Lai
Daniel Trefler

The Gains from Trade with Monopolistic Competition: Specification, Estimation, and Mis-Specification
w9170 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Peter K. Schott

Survival of the Best Fit: Competition from Low Wage Countries and the (Uneven) Growth of US Manufacturing Plants
w9181 Michael A. Clemens
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Why Did the Tariff-Growth Correlation Reverse After 1950?
w9189 Alessandra Casella
Storable Votes
w9114 Suzanne Scotchmer
The Political Economy of Intellectual Property Treaties
w9095 Kristin J. Forbes
How Do Large Depreciations Affect Firm Performance?
w9076 Gordon H. Hanson
Chong Xiang

The Home Market Effect and Bilateral Trade Patterns
w9086 Kala Krishna
Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay
Cemile Yavas

Trade with Labor Market Distortions and Heterogeneous Labor: Why Trade Can Hurt
w9052 Andrew B. Bernard
Stephen Redding
Peter K. Schott
Helen Simpson

Factor Price Equalization in the UK?
w9053 Kristin J. Forbes
Cheap Labor Meets Costly Capital: The Impact of Devaluations on Commodity Firms
w9026 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

The Deaths of Manufacturing Plants
w9027 Bruce A. Blonigen
KaSaundra Tomlin
Wesley W. Wilson

Tariff-jumping FDI and Domestic Firms' Profits
w9020 Russell Hillberry
David Hummels

Explaining Home Bias in Consumption: The Role of Intermediate Input Trade
w9022 Russell Hillberry
David Hummels

Intra-national Home Bias: Some Explanations
w9023 David Hummels
Alexandre Skiba

Shipping the Good Apples Out? An Empirical Confirmation of the Alchian-Allen Conjecture
w8995 Kala Krishna
Cemile Yavas

When Does Trade Hurt? Market, Transition and Developing Economies
w8999 John H. Coatsworth
Jeffrey G. Williamson

The Roots of Latin American Protectionism: Looking Before the Great Depression
w8955 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

From Malthus to Ohlin: Trade, Growth and Distribution Since 1500
w8879 Michael W. Klein
Dollarization and Trade
w8881 Mark J. Melitz
The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity
w8842 Antoni Estevadeordal
Alan M. Taylor

Testing Trade Theory in Ohlin's Time
w8847 James E. Anderson
Leslie Young

Imperfect Contract Enforcement
w8853 Andrew K. Rose
One Reason Countries Pay their Debts: Renegotiation and International Trade
w8804 Aart Kraay
Jaume Ventura

Trade Integration and Risk Sharing
w8751 Douglas A. Irwin
Did Import Substitution Promote Growth in the Late Nineteenth Century?
w8756 Richard E. Baldwin
Frederic Robert-Nicoud

Entry and Asymmetric Lobbying: Why Governments Pick Losers
w8760 Eric Edmonds
Nina Pavcnik

Does Globalization Increase Child Labor? Evidence from Vietnam
w8728 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Outsourcing in a Global Economy
w8739 Douglas A. Irwin
Interpreting the Tariff-Growth Correlation of the Late Nineteenth Century
w8712 David Hummels
Peter J. Klenow

The Variety and Quality of a Nation's Trade
w8704 Gene Grossman
Edwin L.-C. Lai

International Protection of Intellectual Property
w8675 James Harrigan
Specialization and the Volume of Trade: Do the Data Obey the Laws?
w8689 Douglas A. Irwin
The Optimal Tax on Antebellum U.S. Cotton Exports
w8692 Douglas A. Irwin
The Welfare Cost of Autarky: Evidence from the Jeffersonian Trade Embargo, 1807-1809
w8648 Douglas A. Irwin
Nina Pavcnik

Airbus versus Boeing Revisited: International Competition in the Aircraft Market
w8619 Laura L. Bivins
Kala Krishna

Transferability of Migration Licenses and the Distribution of Potential Rents
w8629 Sanghamitra Das
Mark J. Roberts
James R. Tybout

Market Entry Costs, Producer Heterogeneity, and Export Dynamics
w8637 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

The Factor Content of Trade
w8575 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Nina Pavcnik

Trade Protection and Wages: Evidence from the Colombian Trade Reforms
w8576 Bruce A. Blonigen
Chad P. Bown

Antidumping and Retaliation Threats
w8579 Ronald Findlay
Kevin H. O'Rourke

Commodity Market Integration, 1500-2000
w8611 Shang-Jin Wei
Yi Wu

Globalization and Inequality: Evidence from Within China
w8516 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Do Factor Endowments Matter for North-North Trade?
w8517 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Bones, Bombs and Break Points: The Geography of Economic Activity
w8518 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Market Size, Linkages, and Productivity: A Study of Japanese Regions
w8529 Sebastian Edwards
Exchange Rate Regimes, Capital Flows and Crisis Prevention
w8540 Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

International Trade and the Environment: A Framework for Analysis
w8543 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

What Role for Empirics in International Trade?
w8551 Raymond Fisman
Shang-Jin Wei

Tax Rates and Tax Evasion: Evidence from "Missing Imports" in China
w8573 Wolfgang Keller
International Technology Diffusion
w8459 Michael A. Clemens
Jeffrey G. Williamson

A Tariff-Growth Paradox? Protection's Impact the World Around 1875-1997
w8461 Anna Maria Mayda
Dani Rodrik

Why Are Some People (and Countries) More Protectionist Than Others?
w8468 David C. Parsley
Shang-Jin Wei

Limiting Currency Volatility to Stimulate Goods Market Integration: A Price Based Approach
w8476 Philippe Martin
Helene Rey

Financial Super-Markets: Size Matters for Asset Trade
w8477 Bruce A. Blonigen
Jee-Hyeong Park

Dynamic Pricing in the Presence of Antidumping Policy: Theory and Evidence
w8492 Peter K. Schott
Do Rich and Poor Countries Specialize in a Different Mix of Goods? Evidence from Product-Level US Trade Data
w8418 James R. Tybout
Plant- and Firm-Level Evidence on "New" Trade Theories
w8424 Thomas J. Prusa
Susan Skeath

The Economic and Strategic Motives for Antidumping Filings
w8446 Susan Chun Zhu
Daniel Trefler

Ginis in General Equilibrium: Trade, Technology and Southern Inequality
w8450 Edward E. Leamer
Michael Storper

The Economic Geography of the Internet Age
w8372 Robert Feenstra
Gordon Hanson

Global Production Sharing and Rising Inequality: A Survey of Trade and Wages
w8396 Reuven Glick
Andrew K. Rose

Does a Currency Union Affect Trade? The Time Series Evidence
w8398 Bruce A. Blonigen
Thomas J. Prusa

w8327 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

Who Dies? International Trade, Market Structure, and Industrial Restructuring
w8334 James R. Markusen
Keith E. Maskus

General-Equilibrium Approaches to the Multinational Firm: A Review of Theory and Evidence
w8335 James R. Markusen
Keith E. Maskus

A Unified Approach to Intra-Industry Trade and Direct Foreign Investment
w8346 Mattias Ganslandt
James R. Markusen

Standards and Related Regulations in International Trade: A Modeling Approach
w8347 Ignatius J. Horstmann
James R. Markusen
Jack Robles

Multi-Issue Bargaining and Linked Agendas: Ricardo Revisited or No Pain No Gain
w8279 Larry D. Qiu
Barbara J. Spencer

Keiretsu and Relationship-Specific Investment: Implications for Market-Opening Trade Policy
w8293 Daniel Trefler
The Long and Short of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement
w8301 Antoni Estevadeordal
Alan M. Taylor

A Century of Missing Trade?
w8304 Lisandro Abrego
Raymond Riezman
John Whalley

How Often Are Propositions on the Effects of Customs Unions Theoretical Curiosa and When Should They Guide Policy?
w8228 Peter H. Lindert
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Does Globalization Make the World More Unequal?
w8244 Peter K. Schott
One Size Fits All? Heckscher-Ohlin Specialization in Global Production
w8169 Lisandro Abrego
Raymond Riezman
John Whalley

How Reasonable Are Assumptions Used in Theoretical Models?: Computational Evidence on the Likelihood of Trade Pattern Changes
w8186 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

After Columbus: Explaining the Global Trade Boom 1500-1800
w8188 Yael S. Hadass
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Terms of Trade Shocks and Economic Performance 1870-1940: Prebisch and Singer Revisited
w8194 Kristin J. Forbes
Are Trade Linkages Important Determinants of Country Vulnerability to Crises?
w8129 Kathryn M.E. Dominguez
Linda L. Tesar

Trade and Exposure
w8068 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Peter K. Schott

Factor Price Equality and the Economies of the United States
w8076 Sebastian Edwards
Capital Mobility and Economic Performance: Are Emerging Economies Different?
w8088 Gordon H. Hanson
Robert C. Feenstra

Intermediaries in Entrepot Trade: Hong Kong Re-Exports of Chinese Goods
w8046 Bruce A. Blonigen
Christopher J. Ellis
Dietrich Fausten

Industrial Groupings and Strategic FDI: Theory and Evidence
w8005 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

w8010 Michael M. Knetter
Thomas J. Prusa

Macroeconomic Factors and Antidumping Filings: Evidence from Four Countries
w7941 Werner Antweiler
Daniel Trefler

Increasing Returns and All That: A View From Trade
w7962 Neil Gandal
Gordon H. Hanson
Matthew J. Slaughter

Technology, Trade, and Adjustment to Immigration in Israel
w7984 Julio J. Rotemberg
Commercial Policy with Altruistic Voters
w7872 Andrew K. Rose
Charles Engel

Currency Unions and International Integration
w7914 Joshua Aizenman
Endogenous Pricing to Market and Financing Costs
w7292 Robert E. Lipsey
Affiliates of U.S. and Japanese Multinationals in East Asian Production and Trade
w7822 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Strategic Trade, Competitive Industries and Agricultural Trade Disputes
w7825 Douglas A. Irwin
Peter Temin

The Antebellum Tariff on Cotton Textiles Revisited
w7846 Nina Pavcnik
What Explains Skill Upgrading in Less Developed Countries?
w7848 James Harrigan
Egon Zakrajsek

Factor Supplies and Specialization in the World Economy
w7858 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Globalization of the Economy
w7784 Jeffrey G. Williamson
Land, Labor and Globalization in the Pre-Industrial Third World
w7788 Aart Kraay
Jaume Ventura

Product Prices and the OECD Cycle
w7745 Douglas A. Irwin
Marko Tervio

Does Trade Raise Income? Evidence from the Twentieth Century
w7765 Shang-Jin Wei
Natural Openness and Good Government
w7688 Andrew B. Bernard
Jonathan Eaton
J. Bradford Jenson
Samuel Kortum

Plants and Productivity in International Trade
w7702 James E. Anderson
Leslie Young

Trade Implies Law: The Power of the Weak
w7632 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

When Did Globalization Begin?
w7638 Douglas A. Irwin
How Did the United States Become a Net Exporter of Manufactured Goods?
w7639 Douglas A. Irwin
Tariffs and Growth in Late Nineteenth Century America
w7640 Douglas A. Irwin
Could the U.S. Iron Industry Have Survived Free Trade After the Civil War?
w7641 Douglas A. Irwin
Ohlin Versus Stolper-Samuelson?
w7642 Dan Ben-David
Ayal Kimhi

Trade and the Rate of Income Convergence
w7657 Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Free Trade and Global Warming: A Trade Theory View of the Kyoto Protocol
w7671 James E. Rauch
Vitor Trindade

Information and Globalization: Wage Co-Movements, Labor Demand Elasticity, and Conventional Trade Liberalization
w7674 Lisandro Abrego
John Whalley

Demand Side Considerations and the Trade and Wages Debate
w7623 Robert E. Lipsey
Eric D. Ramstetter
Magnus Blomstrom

Outward FDI and Parent Exports and Employment: Japan, the United States, and Sweden
w7624 Kala Krishna
Suddhasatwa Roy
Marie C. Thursby

Can Subsidies for MARs be Procompetitive?
w7531 Michael P. Dooley
Can Output Losses Following International Financial Crises be Avoided?
w7536 Dongsheng Zhou
Barbara J. Spencer
Ilan Vertinsky

Strategic Trade Policy with Endogenous Choice of Quality and Asymmetric Costs
w7539 Jonathan E. Haskel
Matthew J. Slaughter

Have Falling Tariffs and Transportation Costs Raised U.S. Wage Inequality?
w7572 Barbara J. Spencer
Larry D. Qiu

Keiretsu and Relationship-Specific Investment: A Barrier to Trade?
w7485 Eckhard Janeba
Trade, Income Inequality, and Government Policies: Redistribution of Income or Education Subsidies?
w7509 Wolfgang Keller
Geographic Localization of International Technology Diffusion
w7429 Anne O. Krueger
Trade Creation and Trade Diversion Under NAFTA
w7411 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

The Heckscher-Ohlin Model Between 1400 and 2000: When It Explained Factor Price Convergence, When It Did Not, and Why
w7378 Bruce A. Blonigen
Stephen E. Haynes

Antidumping Investigations and the Pass-Through of Exchange Rates and Antidumping Duties
w7400 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka
Chi-Wa Yuen

Excessive FDI Flows Under Asymmetric Information
w7402 Eckhard Janeba
John D. Wilson

Tax Competition and Trade Protection
w7404 Thomas J. Prusa
On the Spread and Impact of Antidumping
w7340 Hylke Vandenbussche
Jozef Konings
Linda Springael

Import Diversion under European Antidumping Policy
w7293 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Domestic Policies, National Sovereignty and International Economic Institutions
w7312 Lisandro Abrego
John Whalley

The Choice of Structural Model in Trade-Wages Decompositions
w7212 J. David Richardson
Chi Zhang

Revealing Comparative Advantage: Chaotic or Coherent Patterns Across Time and Sector and U.S. Trading Partner?
w7163 James R. Markusen
Keith E. Maskus

Multinational Firms: Reconciling Theory and Evidence
w7164 James R. Markusen
Keith E. Maskus

Discriminating Among Alternative Theories of the Multinational Enterprise
w7195 Michael D. Bordo
Barry Eichengreen
Douglas A. Irwin

Is Globalization Today Really Different than Globalization a Hunderd Years Ago?
w7135 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

Exporting and Productivity
w7071 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Multilateral Trade Negotiations, Bilateral Opportunism and the Rules of GATT
w7074 Gordon H. Hanson
Matthew J. Slaughter

The Rybczynski Theorem, Factor-Price Equalization, and Immigration: Evidence from U.S. States
w7081 Francisco Rodriguez
Dani Rodrik

Trade Policy and Economic Growth: A Skeptic's Guide to Cross-National Evidence
w7100 Lee G. Branstetter
Robert C. Feenstra

Trade and Foreign Direct Investment in China: A Political Economy Approach
w6990 Wolfgang Keller
How Trade Patterns and Technology Flows Affect Productivity Growth
w7000 James E. Anderson
Douglas Marcouiller

Trade, Insecurity, and Home Bias: An Empirical Investigation
w7004 Joshua Aizenman
Stephen J. Turnovsky

Reserve Requirements on Sovereign Debt in the Presence of Moral Hazard -- on Debtors or Creditors?
w7008 Robert J. Shiller
Measuring Bubble Expectations and Investor Confidence
w7012 Subramanian Rangan
Robert Z. Lawrence

Search and Deliberation in International Exchange: Learning from Multinational Trade About Lags, Distance Effects, and Home Bias
w7053 James E. Rauch
Joel Watson

Starting Small in an Unfamiliar Environment
w7054 Gordon H. Hanson
Raymond Robertson
Antonio Spilimbergo

Does Border Enforcement Protect U.S. Workers from Illegal Immigration?
w6981 James Harrigan
Rita Balaban

U.S. Wages in General Equilibrium: The Effects of Prices, Technology, and Factor Supplies, 1963-1991
w6921 Richard E. Baldwin
The Core-Periphery Model with Forward-Looking Expectations
w6933 Ronald D. Fischer
Thomas J. Prusa

Contingent Protection as Better Insurance
w6959 Eduardo Engel
Poisoned Grapes, Mad Cow, and Protectionism
w6969 Michael M. Knetter
Matthew J. Slaughter

Measuring Product-Market Integration
w6978 Jonathan Haskel
Matthew J. Slaughter

Trade, Technology and U.K. Wage Inequality
w6986 Dobrin R. Kolev
Thomas J. Prusa

Dumping and Double Crossing: The (In)Effectiveness of Cost-Based Trade Policy Under Incomplete Information
w6870 James E. Anderson
J. Peter Neary

The Mercantilist Index of Trade Policy
w6884 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka
Chi-Wa Yuen

An Information-Based Model of Foreign Direct Investment: The Gains from Trade Revisited
w6899 Richard E. Baldwin
Rikard Forslid

The Core-Periphery Model and Endogenous Growth: Stabilising and De-Stabilising Integration
w6901 Gene M. Grossman
Imperfect Labor Contracts and International Trade
w6904 Richard E. Baldwin
Philippe Martin

Two Waves of Globalisation: Superficial Similarities, Fundamental Differences
w6915 Ann Harrison
Gordon Hanson

Who Gains from Trade Reform? Some Remaining Puzzles
w6835 Dougas A. Irwin
Did Late Nineteenth Century U.S. Tariffs Promote Infant Industries? Evidence from the Tinplate Industry
w6857 Jiandong Ju
Kala Krishna

Firm Behavior and Market Access in a Free Trade Area with Rules of Origin
w6864 Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas
Exchange Rates and Jobs: What Do We Learn from Job Flows?
w6785 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

An Account of Global Factor Trade
w6787 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Market Access, Economic Geography, and Comparative Advantage: An Empirical Assessment
w6804 Robert C. Feenstra
James A. Markusen
Andrew K. Rose

Undertstanding the Home Market Effect and the Gravity Equation: The Role of Differentiating Goods
w6815 Jeffrey R. Bernstein
David E. Weinstein

Do Endowments Predict the Location of Production? Evidence from National and International Data
w6744 Jon Gruber
John Kim
Dina Mayzlin

Physician Fees and Procedure Intensity: The Case of Cesarean Delivery
w6752 Elhanan Helpman
The Structure of Foreign Trade
w6773 David L. Carr
James R. Markusen
Keith E. Maskus

Estimating the Knowledge-Capital Model of the Multinational Enterprise
w6720 Sadao Nagaoka
International Trade Aspects of Competition Policy
w6741 Gene M. Grossman
Giovanni Maggi

Diversity and Trade
w6700 Rui Albuquerque
Sergio Rebelo

On the Dynamics of Trade Reform
w6703 Joshua Aizenman
Capital Mobility in a Second Best World -- Moral Hazard With Costly Financial Intermediation
w6707 Werner Antweiler
Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Is Free Trade Good for the Environment?
w6711 Giovanni Maggi
Andres Rodriguez-Clare

Import Peneteration and the Politics of Trade Protection
w6668 Mary E. Lovely
J. David Richardson

Trade Flows and Wage Premiums: Does Who or What Matter?
w6587 Gordon H. Hanson
North American Economic Integration and Industry Location
w6591 Matthew J. Slaughter
What Are the Results of Product-Price Studies and What Can We Learn From Their Differences?
w6598 Robert C. Feenstra
Wen Hai
Wing T. Woo
Shunli Yao

The US-China Bilateral Trade Balance: Its Size and Determinants
w6604 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

The Simple Economics of Labor Standards and the GATT
w6609 James Harrigan
International Trade and American Wages in General Equilibrium, 1967 - 1995
w6628 James E. Rauch
Alessandra Casella

Overcoming Informational Barriers to International Resource Allocation: Prices and Group Ties
w6557 Matthew J. Slaughter
International Trade and Per Capita Income Convergence: A Difference-in-Differences Analysis
w6558 Bee Yan Aw
Sukkyun Chung
Mark J. Roberts

Productivity and the Decision to Export: Micro Evidence from Taiwan and South Korea
w6562 Dani Rodrik
Trade Policy and Economic Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa
w6565 Jonathan E. Haskel
Matthew J. Slaughter

Does the Sector Bias of Skill-Biased Technical Change Explain Changing Wage Inequality?
w6571 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

Understanding Increasing and Decreasing Wage Inequality
w6510 Sebastian Edwards
Daniel Lederman

The Political Economy of Unilateral Trade Liberalization: The Case of Chile
w6524 Joshua Aizenman
Privatization in Emerging Markets
w6529 Simon J. Evenett
Wolfgang Keller

On Theories Explaining the Success of the Gravity Equation
w6531 Kenneth F. Scheve
Matthew J. Slaughter

What Determines Individual Trade Policy Preferences?
w6438 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

Understanding the U.S. Export Boom
w6448 James R. Markusen
Contracts, Intellectual Property Rights, and Multinational Investment in Developing Countries
w6477 Richard E. Baldwin
Rikard Forslid

Incremental Trade and Endogenous Growth: A q-Theory Approach
w6483 Richard E. Baldwin
Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano

Multiproduct Multinationals and Reciprocal FDI Dumping
w6429 Gordon H. Hanson
Market Potential, Increasing Returns, and Geographic Concentration
w6376 Robert E. Baldwin
Christopher S. Magee

Is Trade Policy for Sale? Congressional Voting on Recent Trade Bills
w6322 Sukkoo Kim
Regions, Resources, and Economic Geography: Sources of U.S. Regional Comparative Advantage, 1880-1987
w6344 Linda S. Goldberg
Michael W. Klein

Foreign Direct Investment, Trade and Real Exchange Rate Linkages in Developing Countries.
w6253 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Technology and Bilateral Trade
w6262 Matthew J. Slaughter
International Trade and Labor-Demand Elasticities
w6272 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

Exceptional Exporter Performance: Cause, Effect, or Both?
w6294 Jiandong Ju
Kala Krishna

Market Access and Welfare Effects of Piecemeal Policy Reform
w6209 Daniel Trefler
Immigrants and Natives in General Equilibrium Trade Models
w6211 Gene M. Grossman
Giovanni Maggi

Free Trade vs. Strategic Trade: A Peek into Pandora's Box
w6223 James E. Anderson
Douglas Marcouiller

Trade and Security,I: Anarchy
w6231 James R. Markusen
Trade versus Investment Liberalization
w6232 James R. Markusen
Stephen Zahniser

Liberalization and Incentives for Labor Migration: Theory with Applications to NAFTA
w6244 Jeffrey G. Williamson
Growth, Distribution and Demography: Some Lessons from History
w6163 Alberto Alesina
Enrico Spolaore
Romain Wacziarg

Economic Integration and Political Disintegration
w6166 Eli Berman
John Bound
Stephen Machin

Implications of Skill-Biased Technological Change: International Evidence
w6181 James E. Anderson
Revenue Neutral Trade Reform with Many Households, Quotas and Tariffs
w6184 Kala Krishna
Suddhasatwa Roy
Marie Thursby

Procompetitive Market Access
w6186 Alessandra Casella
James E. Rauch

Anonymous Market and Group Ties in International Trade
w6203 Kevin H. Zhang
James R. Markusen

Vertical Multinationals and Host-Country Characteristics
w6121 James Harrigan
Estimation of Cross-Country Differences in Industry
w6123 Joshua Aizenman
Sang-Seung Yi

Controlled Openness and Foreign Direct Investment
w6133 Donald R. Davis
Trevor A. Reeve

Human Capital, Unemployment, and Relative Wages in a Global Economy
w6152 Jiandong Ju
Kala Krishna

Evaluating Trade Reform Using Ex-Post Criteria
w6090 Dobrin R. Kolev
Thomas J. Prusa

Tariff Policy for a Monopolist Under Incomplete Information
w6093 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Economic Geography and Reginal Production Structure: An Empirical Investigation
w6095 Dan Ben-David
Michael B. Loewy

Free Trade, Growth, and Convergence
w6096 Dan Ben-David
David H. Papell

International Trade and Structural Change
w6052 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson

Productivity Measurement and the Impact of Trade and Technology on Wages: Estimates for the U.S., 1972-1990
w6059 William J. Collins
Kevin H. O'Rourke
Jeffrey Williamson

Were Trade and Factor Mobility Substitutes in History?
w6065 Wolfgang Keller
Are International R&D Spillovers Trade-Related? Analyzing Spillovers Among Randomly Matched Trade Partners
w6076 Donald R. Davis
The Home Market, Trade, and Industrial Structure
w6077 Henrik Horn
James Levinsohn

Merger Policies and Trade Liberalization
w6028 Robert C. Feenstra
Dorsati Madani
Tzu-Han Yang
Chi-Yuan Liang

Testing Endogenous Growth in South Korea and Taiwan
w6049 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

An Economic Theory of GATT
w5990 Robert C. Feenstra
U.S. Exports, 1972-1994: With State Exports and Other U.S. Data
w6019 Magnus Blomstrom
Ari Kokko

Regional Integration and Foreign Direct Investment
w5970 Raquel Fernandez
Returns to Regionalism: An Evaluation of Non-Traditional Gains from RTAs
w5975 Robert C. Feenstra
Andrew K. Rose

Putting Things in Order: Patterns of Trade Dynamics and Growth
w5978 Sebastian Edwards
Openness, Productivity and Growth: What Do We Really Know?
w5921 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Regionalism and Multilateral Tariff Cooperation
w5923 James E. Anderson
The Uruguay Round and Welfare in Some Distorted Agricultural Economies
w5932 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Reciprocity, Non-discrimination and Preferential Agreements in the Multilateral Trading System
w5934 Robert E. Baldwin
Glen G. Cain

Shifts in U.S. Relative Wages: The Role of Trade, Technology and Factor Endowments
w5939 Holger C. Wolf
Patterns of Intra- and Inter-State Trade
w5942 Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg
Giovanni Maggi

Protection for Sale: An Empirical Investigation
w5878 Michael M. Knetter
The Segmentation of International Markets: Evidence from The Economist
w5886 Robert C. Feenstra
Deng-Shing Huang
Gary G. Hamilton

Business Groups and Trade in East Asia: Part 1, Networked Equilibria
w5887 Robert C. Feenstra
Maria Yang
Gary G. Hamilton

Business Groups and Trade in East Asia: Part 2, Product Variety
w5895 Douglas A. Irwin
From Smoot-Hawley to Reciprocal Trade Agreements: Changing the Course of U.S. Trade Policy in the 1930s
w5897 Matthew J. Slaughter
Per Capita Income Convergence and the Role of International Trade
w5905 Dani Rodrik
Trade, Social Insurance, and the Limits to Globalization
w5910 Robert C. Feenstra
Robert E. Lipsey
Harry P. Bowen

World Trade Flows, 1970-1992, with Production and Tariff Data
w5853 Alessandra Casella
Product Standards Coalitions in a Market Without Borders
w5854 James E. Anderson
Effective Protection Redux
w5861 Simon Burgess
Michael M. Knetter

An International Comparison of Employment Adjustment to Exchange Rate Fluctuations
w5862 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Michael M. Knetter

Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have We Learned?
w5863 John F. Helliwell
Do Borders Matter for Social Capital? Economic Growth and Civic Culture in U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
w5867 Ashley S. Timmer
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Racism, Xenophobia or Markets? The Political Economy of Immigration Policy Prior to the Thirties
w5825 Joshua Aizenman
New Activities, the Welfare Cost of Uncertainty and Investment Policies
w5827 James E. Anderson
Trade Reform with a Government Budget Constraint
w5800 Lee Branstetter
Are Knowledge Spillovers International or Intranational in Scope? Microeconometric Evidence from the Japan and the United States
w5803 Edward E. Leamer
Effort, Wages and the International Division of Labor
w5808 James Levinsohn
Firm Heterogeneity, Jobs, and International Trade: Evidence from Chile
w5693 Donald R. Davis
Trade Liberalization and Income Distribution
w5695 Barbara J. Spencer
Quota Licenses for Imported Capital Equipment: Could Bureaucrats Ever DoBetter than the Market?
w5696 James R. Markusen
Anthony J. Venables
Denise Eby Konan
Kevin H. Zhang

A Unified Treatment of Horizontal Direct Investment, Vertical Direct Investment, and the Pattern of Trade in Goods and Services
w5697 Kiminori Matsuyama
Why Are There Rich and Poor Countries? Symmetry-Breaking in the World Economy
w5700 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Andrew K. Rose

The Endogeneity of the Optimum Currency Area Criteria
w5702 Kym Anderson
Social Policy Dimensions of Economic Integration: Environmental and Labour Standards
w5722 James Harrigan
Technology, Factor Supplies and International Specialization: Estimating the Neoclassical Model
w5665 Douglas A. Irwin
Changes in U.S. Tariffs: Prices or Policies?
w5668 Frank Lichtenberg
Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie

International R&D Spillovers: A Re-Examination
w5670 Fukunari Kimura
Robert E. Baldwin

Application of Nationality-Adjusted Net Sales and Value Added Framework: The Case of Japan
w5680 Kala Krishna
John Morgan

Implementing Results-Oriented Trade Policies: The Case of the US-Japanese Auto Parts Dispute
w5617 James E. Rauch
Networks versus Markets in International Trade
w5618 James E. Rauch
Trade and Search: Social Capital, Sogo Shosha, and Spillovers
w5620 Donald R. Davis
Does European Unemployment Prop up American Wages?
w5621 John T. Addison
Douglas A. Fox
Christopher J. Ruhm

Trade Sensitivity, Technology, and Labor Displacement
w5625 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein
Scott C. Bradford
Kazushige Shimpo

The Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek Model of Trade: Why Does It Fail? When Does It Work?
w5632 Alan B. Krueger
Observations on International Labor Standards and Trade
w5636 Donald R. Davis
Technology, Unemployment, and Relative Wages in a Global Economy
w5558 Joshua Aizenman
Michael Gavin
Ricardo Hausmann

Optimal Tax and Debt Policy with Endogenously Imperfect Creditworthiness
w5574 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Strategic Export Subsidies and Reciprocal Trade Agreements: The Natural Monopoly Case
w5582 Richard E. Baldwin
Elena Seghezza

Trade-Induced Investment-led Growth
w5593 Kala Krishna
Suddhasatwa Roy
Marie Thursby

Implementing Market Access
w5526 John Mutti
Harry Grubert

The Significance of International Tax Rules for Sourcing Income: The Relationship Between Income Taxes and Trade Taxes
w5529 James R. Markusen
Anthony J. Venables

The Theory of Endowment, Intra-Industry, and Multinational Trade
w5531 Shang-Jin Wei
Intra-National versus International Trade: How Stubborn are Nations in Global Integration?
w5537 Dani Rodrik
Why Do More Open Economies Have Bigger Governments?
w5549 Richard E. Baldwin
Rikard Forslid

Trade Liberalization and Endogenous Growth: A q-Theory Approach
w5472 Antonio Spilimbergo
Ernesto Stein

The Welfare Implications of Trading Blocs among Countries with Different Endowments
w5474 James A. Brander
M. Scott Taylor

Open Access Renewable Resources: Trade and Trade Policy in a Two-CountryModel
w5475 Bruce A. Blonigen
Robert C. Feenstra

Protectionist Threats and Foreign Direct Investment
w5483 James R. Markusen
Anthony J. Venables

Multinational Production, Skilled Labor and Real Wages
w5488 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Reciprocal Trade Liberalization
w5510 Douglas A. Irwin
Randall S. Kroszner

Log-Rolling and Economic Interests in the Passage of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff
w5516 Robert E. Baldwin
Fukunari Kimura

Measuring U.S. International Goods and Services Transactions
w5458 Jota Ishikawa
Barbara J. Spencer

Rent-Shifting Export Subsidies with an Imported Intermediate Product
w5415 Kala Krishna
Marie Thursby

Whither Flat Panel Displays?
w5416 Richard E. Baldwin
Elena Seghezza

Testing for Trade-Induced Investment-Led Growth
w5425 Gordon H. Hanson
U.S.-Mexico Integration and Regional Economies: Evidence from Border- City Pairs
w5431 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Ernesto Stein
Shang-Jin Wei

Regional Trading Arrangement: Natural or Super-Natural?
w5440 Thomas J. Prusa
The Trade Effects of U.S. Antidumping Actions
w5377 Alan V. Deardorff
Determinants of Bilateral Trade: Does Gravity Work in a Neoclassical World?
w5395 Charles Engel
John H. Rogers

Regional Patterns in the Law of One Price: The Roles of Geography vs. Currencies
w5400 Gordon H. Hanson
The Effects of Offshore Assembly on Industry Location: Evidence from U.S. Border Cities
w5339 Dani Rodrik
Trade Strategy, Investment, and Exports: Another Look at East Asia
w5341 Yujiro Hayami
Yoshihisa Godo

Economics and Politics of Rice Policy in Japan: A Perspective on the Uruguay Round
w5349 James Levinsohn
CARWARS: Trying to Make Sense of U.S.-Japan Trade Frictions in the Automobile and Automobile Parts Markets
w5359 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Michael M. Knetter

Causes and Consequences of the Export Enhancement Program for Wheat
w5361 Joshua Aizenman
Optimal Buffer Stocks and Precautionary Savings with Disappointment Aversion
w5364 Richard E. Baldwin
Rikard Forslid
Jan Haaland

Investment Creation and Investment Diversion: Simulation Analysis of theSingle Market Programme
w5365 Alessandra Casella
Large Countries, Small Countries, and the Enlargement of Trade Blocs
w5283 Tamim Bayoumi
Barry Eichengreen

Is Regionalism Simply a Diversion? Evidence From the Evolution of the EC and EFTA
w5303 Matthew J. Slaughter
The Antebellum Transportation Revolution and Factor-Price Convergence
w5309 Elhanan Helpman
Politics and Trade Policy
w5324 Tain-Jy Chen
Meng-chun Liu

Bilateral Negotiations and Multilateral Trade: The Case of Taiwan-U.S. Trade Talks
w5325 Junichi Goto
Koichi Hamada

EU, NAFTA, and Asian Responses: A Perspective from the Calculus of Participation
w5215 John F. Helliwell
Do National Borders Matter for Quebec's Trade?
w5220 Paul Krugman
Anthony J. Venables

The Seamless World: A Spatial Model of International Specialization
w5226 Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Michael M. Knetter

Measuring the Intensity of Competition in Export Markets
w5241 Joshua Aizenman
Capital Markets Integration, Volatility and Persistence
w5242 Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Trade, Spatial Separation, and the Environment
w5168 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Protection and the Business Cycle
w5110 Gordon H. Hanson
Ann Harrison

Trade, Technology, and Wage Inequality
w5121 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson

Foreign Investment, Outsourcing and Relative Wages
w5122 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson

Foreign Direct Investment and Relative Wages: Evidence from Mexico's Maquiladoras
w5094 J. David Richardson
Pamela J. Smith

Sectoral Growth Across U.S. States: Factor Content, Linkages, and Trade
w5051 Robert C. Feenstra
Estimating the Effects of Trade Policy
w5020 James A. Brander
Strategic Trade Policy
w5021 James A. Brander
M. Scott Taylor

International Trade and Open Access Renewable Resources: The Small Open Economy Case
w5036 James R. Markusen
Anthony J. Venables

Multinational Firms and The New Trade Theory
w5037 Robert E. Baldwin
The Effects of Trade and Foreign Direct Investment on Employment and Relative Wages
w5041 Joshua Aizenman
Investment in New Activities and the Welfare Cost of Uncertainty
w4983 Kala Krishna
Anne Krueger

Implementing Free Trade Areas: Rules of Origin and Hidden Protection
w4999 Kala Krishna
The Adding Up Problem: A Targeting Approach
w4944 Douglas A. Irwin
The GATT's Contribution to Economic Recovery in Post-War Western Europe
w4967 Brian Aitken
Gordon H. Hanson
Ann E. Harrison

Spillovers, Foreign Investment, and Export Behavior
w4972 James Levinsohn
Competition Policy and International Trade
w4975 Marianne Baxter
Mario J. Crucini

Business Cycles and the Asset Structure of Foreign Trade
w4926 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Technology and Trade
w4940 Edward E. Leamer
James Levinsohn

International Trade Theory: The Evidence
w4876 Gene Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Foreign Investment with Endogenous Protection
w4894 Michael M. Knetter
Why are Retail Prices in Japan so High?: Evidence from German Export Prices
w4847 K.C. Fung
Robert W. Staiger

Trade Liberalization and Trade Adjustment Assistance
w4870 Dani Rodrik
What Does the Political Economy Literature on Trade Policy (Not) Tell UsThat We Ought To Know?
w4841 Robert C. Feenstra
Clinton R. Shiells

Bias in U.S. Import Prices and Demand
w4790 David Orden
Agricultural Interest Groups and the North American Free Trade Agreement
w4799 Jong-Wha Lee
Phillip Swagel

Trade Barriers and Trade Flows across Countries and Industries
w4804 Ruth R. Raubitschek
Barbara J. Spencer

High-Cost Domestic Joint Ventures and International Competition: Do Domestic Firms Gain?
w4772 Sebastian Edwards
Trade and Industrial Policy Reform in Latin America
w4779 Douglas Holtz-Eakin
Mary E. Lovely

Technological Linkages, Market Structure, and Optimum Production Policies
w4781 Robert Dekle
Jonathan Eaton

Agglomeration and the Price of Land: Evidence from the Prefectures
w4745 Douglas A. Irwin
Trade Politics and the Semiconductor Industry
w4751 J. Michael Finger
Ann Harrison

The MFA Paradox: More Protection and More Trade?
w4696 Robert W. Staiger
Frank A. Wolak

Measuring Industry Specific Protection: Antidumping in the United States
w4710 Robert E. Lipsey
U.S. Foreign Trade and the Balance of Payments, 1800-1913
w4713 Gordon H. Hanson
Regional Adjustment to Trade Liberalization
w4671 Robert E. Lipsey
Quality Change and other Influences on Measures of Export Prices of Manufactured Goods and the Terms of Trade between Primary Products and Manufacture
w4683 Joshua Aizenman
Foreign Direct Investment, Employment Volatility and Cyclical Dumping
w4656 Joshua Aizenman
On The Need For Fiscal Discipline in an Union
w4620 Robert W. Staiger
A Theory of Gradual Trade Liberalization
w4555 Robert E. Lipsey
Birgitta Swedenborg

The High Cost of Eating: Agricultural Protection and International Differences in Consumer Food Prices
w4559 Paul Krugman
Anthony Venables

Integration, Specialization, and the Adjustment
w4563 Elise S. Brezis
Paul Krugman

Immigration, Investment and Real Wages
w4567 Dani Rodrik
Taking Trade Policy Seriously: Export Subsidization as a Case Study in Policy Effectiveness
w4580 S. Lael Brainard
An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Tradeoff between Multinational Sales and Trade
w4583 S. Lael Brainard
An Empirical Assessment of the Factor Proportions Explanation of Multi-National Sales
w4588 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Ernesto Stein
Shang-Jin Wei

Continental Trading Blocs: Are They Natural, or Super-Natural?
w4597 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

The Politics of Free Trade Agreements
w4606 S. Lael Brainard
Thierry Verdier

The Political Economy of Declining Industries: Senescent Industry Collapse Revisited
w4536 Robert C. Feenstra
Tzu-Han Yang
Gary G. Hamilton

Market Structure and International Trade: Business Groups in East Asia
w4543 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Multilateral Tariff Cooperation during the Formation of Customs Unions
w4484 Kiminori Matsuyama
Takaaki Takahashi

Self-Defeating Regional Concentration
w4493 David Backus
Patrick J. Kehoe
Finn E. Kydland

International Business Cycles: Theory and Evidence
w4511 Sebastian Edwards
Trade Policy, Exchange Rates and Growth
w4512 Florencio Lopez-de-Silane
James R. Markusen
Thomas F. Rutherford

Anti-Competitive and Rent-Shifting Aspects of Domestic-Content Provisions in Regional Trade Blocks
w4513 James R. Markusen
Thomas F. Rutherford

Discrete Plant-Location Decisions in an Applied General-Equilibrium Model of Trade Liberalization
w4451 Dani Rodrik
Do Low-Income Countries have a High-Wage Option?
w4452 Paul M. Romer
New Goods, Old Theory, and the Welfare Costs of Trade Restrictions
w4465 Richard Baldwin
A Domino Theory of Regionalism
w4417 Dani Rodrik
Trade and Industrial Policy Reform in Developing Countries: A Review of Recent Theory and Evidence
w4419 Dani Rodrik
Trade Liberalization in Disinflation
w4444 David T. Coe
Elhanan Helpman

International R&D Spillovers
w4399 Robert C. Feenstra
Joseph E. Gagnon
Michael M. Knetter

Market Share and Exchange Rate Pass-Through in World Automobile Trade
w4389 David Hummels
James Levinsohn

Monopolistic Competition and International Trade: Reconsidering the Evidence
w4364 Kyle Bagwell
Robert W. Staiger

Multilateral Tarriff Cooperation During the Formation of Regional Free Trade Areas
w4335 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Shang-Jin Wei

Emerging Currency Blocs
w4343 Carsten Kowalczyk
Tomas Sjostrom

Bringing GATT into the Core
w4351 Anne O. Krueger
Roderick Duncan

The Political Economy of Controls: Complexity
w4352 Anne O. Krueger
Free Trade Agreements as Protectionist Devices: Rules of Origin
w4269 S. Lael Brainard
A Simple Theory of Multinational Corporations and Trade with a Trade-Off Between Proximity and Concentration
w4280 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Trade Wars and Trade Talks
w4225 Melvyn Fuss
Steven Murphy
Leonard Waverman

The State of the North American and Japanese Motor Vehicle Industries: A Partially Calibrated Model to Examine the Impacts of Trade Policy Changes
w4238 Raul Livas Elizondo
Paul Krugman

Trade Policy and the Third World Metropolis
w4243 David K. Backus
Patrick J. Kehoe
Finn E. Kydland

Relative Price Movements in Dynamic General Equilibrium Models of International Trade
w4219 Paul Krugman
A Dynamic Spatial Model
w4170 Michael M. Knetter
Is Price Adjustment Asymmetric?: Evaluating the Market Share and Marketing Bottlenecks Hypothesis
w4136 Alessandra Casella
Arbitration in International Trade
w4149 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Protection For Sale
w4151 Michael M. Knetter
Exchange Rates and Corporate Pricing Strategies
w4123 Joseph E. Gagnon
Michael M. Knetter

Markup Adjustment and Exchange Rate Fluctuations: Evidence From Panel Data on Automobile Exports
h0037 Kevin O'Rourke
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Were Heckscher and Ohlin Right? Putting the Factor-Price-Equalization Theorem Back into History
w4098 Michael M. Knetter
International Comparisons of Pricing-to-Market Behavior
w4102 Joshua Aizenman
Foreign Direct Investment as a Commitment Mechanism in the Presence of Managed Trade
w4112 Dani Rodrik
Making Sense of the Soviet Trade Shock in Eastern Europe: A Framework and Some Estimates
w4064 Dani Rodrik
Foreign Trade in Eastern Europe's Transition: Early Results
w4069 S. Lael Brainard
David Martimort

Strategic Trade Policy With Incompletely Informed Policymakers
w4071 Dan Kovenock
Marie Thursby

GATT, Dispute Settlement and Cooperation
w4050 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Is Japan Creating a Yen Bloc in East Asia and the Pacific?
w4011 Philip L. Brock
Stephen J. Turnovsky

The Growth and Welfare Consequences of Differential Tariffs With Endogenously-Supplied Capital and Labor
w3991 Edward E. Leamer
Wage Effects of A U.S. - Mexican Free Trade Agreement
w3946 Joseph E. Gagnon
Andrew K. Rose

How Pervasive is the Product Cycle? The Empirical Dynamics of American and Japanese Trade Flows
w3947 Dani Rodrik
The Rush to Free Trade in the Developing World: Why So Late? Why Now? Will it Last?
w3957 Edward E. Leamer
Testing Trade Theory
w3914 Gene M. Grossman
Alan B. Krueger

Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement
w3886 Elise Brezis
Paul Krugman
Daniel Tsiddon

Leapfrogging: A Theory of Cycles in National Technological Leadership
w3845 Robert C. Feenstra
Tracy R. Lewis

Trade Adjustment Assistance and Pareto Gains From Trade
w3813 Richard H. Clarida
Ronald Findlay

Endogenous Comparative Advantage, Government, and the Pattern of Trade
w3814 Richard H. Clarida
Entry, Dumping, and Shakeout
w3825 Wilfred J. Ethier
James R. Markusen

Multinational Firms, Technology Diffusion and Trade
w3773 S. Lael Brainard
Protecting Losers: Optimal Diversification, Insurance, and Trade Policy
w3793 Robert E. Baldwin
Are Economists' Traditional Trade Policy Views Still Valid?
w3740 Paul R. Krugman
First Nature, Second Nature, and Metropolitan Location

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