A Pollution Theory of Discrimination: Male and Female Differences in Occupations and Earnings
Chapter in forthcoming NBER book Human Capital in History: The American Record, Leah P. Boustan, Carola Frydman, and Robert A. Margo, editors
---- Acknowledgements -----
Presented at the NBER-Spencer Conference, “Human Capital and History: The American Record,” Dec. 7 and 8, 2012. At its inception, about two decades ago, this paper benefited from the comments of seminar participants at Columbia University, Indiana University, University of Michigan, and Princeton University and from suggestions made by Becky Blank, Nancy Folbre, Alan Krueger, Peter Kuhn and Gavin Wright. In its 2002 incarnation, it profited from comments by Francine Blau and Larry Katz and was an integral part of my Marshall Lectures, University of Cambridge, April 30 and May 1, 2002. The current version has been greatly improved through the able research assistance of Chenzi Xu, a careful reading by Stephanie Hurder, and comments of my discussant Cecilia Rouse.
---- Disclosure of Financial Relationships for Claudia Goldin -----
My work on this project was not externally funded. Research assistance was provided through my general research support at Harvard University, but most of the work was done directly by the author.