NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Archive of NBER Papers on Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship

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2014
w20785 Gaétan de Rassenfosse
Adam B. Jaffe

Are Patent Fees Effective at Weeding out Low-quality Patents?
w20789 Amy Finkelstein
Matthew Gentzkow
Heidi Williams

Sources of Geographic Variation in Health Care: Evidence from Patient Migration
w20799 Margaret Kyle
Yi Qian

Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Innovation: Evidence from TRIPS
w20768 Judith A. Chevalier
Anil K Kashyap

Best Prices: Price Discrimination and Consumer Substitution
w20769 Joel M. David
Espen Henriksen
Ina Simonovska

The Risky Capital of Emerging Markets
w20743 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit
Douglas Hanley
William Kerr

Transition to Clean Technology
w20731 B. Zorina Khan
Inventing in the Shadow of the Patent System: Evidence from 19th-Century Patents and Prizes for Technological Innovations
w20732 B. Zorina Khan
Of Time and Space: Technological Spillovers among Patents and Unpatented Innovations during Early U.S. Industrialization
w20733 Edward N. Wolff
Household Wealth Trends in the United States, 1962-2013: What Happened over the Great Recession?
w20676 William R. Kerr
Ramana Nanda

Financing Innovation
w20677 Joshua Gans
Fiona Murray

Markets for Scientific Attribution
w20683 Julia Lane
Jason Owen-Smith
Rebecca Rosen
Bruce Weinberg

New Linked Data on Research Investments: Scientific Workforce, Productivity, and Public Value
w20667 Nicholas Bloom
Renata Lemos
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

Does Management Matter in Schools
w20668 Kirk Doran
Alexander Gelber
Adam Isen

The Effects of High-Skilled Immigration Policy on Firms: Evidence from H-1B Visa Lotteries
w20670 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Unemployment and Innovation
w20615 Ajay Agrawal
Carlos Rosell
Timothy S. Simcoe

Do Tax Credits Affect R&D Expenditures by Small Firms? Evidence from Canada
w20621 Lorenz Kueng
Mu-Jeung Yang
Bryan Hong

Sources of Firm Life-Cycle Dynamics: Differentiating Size vs. Age Effects
w20595 Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Donna K. Ginther
Ted Juhl
Joseph Heppert

The Effects of Research & Development Funding On Scientific Productivity: Academic Chemistry, 1990-2009
w20606 Loukas Karabarbounis
Brent Neiman

Capital Depreciation and Labor Shares Around the World: Measurement and Implications
w20607 Luis Garicano
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Knowledge-based Hierarchies: Using Organizations to Understand the Economy
w20583 Thais Lærkholm Jensen
Søren Leth-Petersen
Ramana Nanda

Housing Collateral, Credit Constraints and Entrepreneurship - Evidence from a Mortgage Reform
w20587 Yael V. Hochberg
Carlos J. Serrano
Rosemarie H. Ziedonis

Patent Collateral, Investor Commitment, and the Market for Venture Lending
w20543 Andrew T. Young
Matthew J. Higgins
Donald J. Lacombe
Briana Sell

The Direct and Indirect Effects of Small Business Administration Lending on Growth: Evidence from U.S. County-Level Data
w20548 Mark Duggan
Craig Garthwaite
Aparajita Goyal

The Market Impacts of Pharmaceutical Product Patents in Developing Countries: Evidence from India
w20563 Gilbert Cette
Jimmy Lopez
Jacques Mairesse

Product and Labor Market Regulations, Production Prices, Wages and Productivity
w20559 Joshua S. Gans
Negotiating for the Market
w20521 Richard B. Freeman
Immigration, International Collaboration, and Innovation: Science and Technology Policy in the Global Economy
w20532 Lee Branstetter
Chirantan Chatterjee
Matthew J. Higgins

Starving (or Fattening) the Golden Goose?: Generic Entry and the Incentives for Early-Stage Pharmaceutical Innovation
w20493 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Leaders and Followers: Perspectives on the Nordic Model and the Economics of Innovation
w20508 Hunt Allcott
Daniel Keniston

Dutch Disease or Agglomeration? The Local Economic Effects of Natural Resource Booms in Modern America
w20512 Martin C. Byford
Joshua S. Gans

Permission to Exist
w20514 Bronwyn H. Hall
Vania Sena

Appropriability Mechanisms, Innovation and Productivity: Evidence from the UK
w20479 Steven J. Davis
John Haltiwanger

Labor Market Fluidity and Economic Performance
w20492 Iain M. Cockburn
Jean O. Lanjouw
Mark Schankerman

Patents and the Global Diffusion of New Drugs
w20447 Erling Barth
Alex Bryson
James C. Davis
Richard Freeman

It's Where You Work: Increases in Earnings Dispersion across Establishments and Individuals in the U.S.
w20415 Michael Dinerstein
Liran Einav
Jonathan Levin
Neel Sundaresan

Consumer Price Search and Platform Design in Internet Commerce
w20427 Lucia Foster
Cheryl Grim
John Haltiwanger

Reallocation in the Great Recession: Cleansing or Not?
w20392 Ramana Nanda
Tom Nicholas

Did Bank Distress Stifle Innovation During the Great Depression?
w20374 Marinho Bertanha
Petra Moser

Spatial Errors in Count Data Regressions
w20322 Lauren Cohen
Umit Gurun
Scott Duke Kominers

Patent Trolls: Evidence from Targeted Firms
w20375 Mercedes Delgado
Michael E. Porter
Scott Stern

Defining Clusters of Related Industries
w20364 Joshua S. Gans
Remix Rights and Negotiations Over the Use of Copy-Protected Works
w20367 Gerald Carlino
William R. Kerr

Agglomeration and Innovation
w20358 William R. Kerr
Ramana Nanda
Matthew Rhodes-Kropf

Entrepreneurship as Experimentation
w20337 Michael D. Frakes
Melissa F. Wasserman

Is the Time Allocated to Review Patent Applications Inducing Examiners to Grant Invalid Patents?: Evidence from Micro-Level Application Data
w20340 Joel M. David
Hugo A. Hopenhayn
Venky Venkateswaran

Information, Misallocation and Aggregate Productivity
w20312 Francine Lafontaine
Kathryn Shaw

Serial Entrepreneurship: Learning by Doing?
w20289 Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Owen Zidar

Who Benefits from State Corporate Tax Cuts? A Local Labor Markets Approach with Heterogeneous Firms
w20269 Alberto Galasso
Mark Schankerman

Patents and Cumulative Innovation: Causal Evidence from the Courts
w20264 Ashish Arora
Wesley M. Cohen
John P. Walsh

The Acquisition and Commercialization of Invention in American Manufacturing: Incidence and Impact
w20248 John Fernald
Productivity and Potential Output Before, During, and After the Great Recession
w20249 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Defacto and Deeded Intellectual Property: Knowledge-Driven Co-Evolution of Firm Collaboration Boundaries and IPR Strategy
w20215 Ian W.R. Martin
Robert S. Pindyck

Averting Catastrophes: The Strange Economics of Scylla and Charybdis
w20226 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Heidi Williams

Paying on the Margin for Medical Care: Evidence from Breast Cancer Treatments
w20188 Dani Rodrik
An African Growth Miracle?
w20197 Alberto Galasso
Matthew Mitchell
Gabor Virag

Market Outcomes and Dynamic Patent Buyouts
w20149 Karthik Krishnan
Debarshi Nandy
Manju Puri

Does Financing Spur Small Business Productivity? Evidence from a Natural Experiment
w20160 Joshua S. Gans
Weak Versus Strong Net Neutrality
w20162 Joshua S. Gans
"Selling Out" and the Impact of Music Piracy on Artist Entry
w20102 Nicholas Bloom
Renata Lemos
Raffaella Sadun
Daniela Scur
John Van Reenen

The New Empirical Economics of Management
w20093 Giovanni Peri
Kevin Y. Shih
Chad Sparber

Foreign STEM Workers and Native Wages and Employment in U.S. Cities
w20069 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

Firms and the Economics of Skilled Immigration
w20036 Chris Forman
Avi Goldfarb
Shane Greenstein

Information Technology and the Distribution of Inventive Activity
w20039 Hezekiah Agwara
Philip Auerswald
Brian Higginbotham

Algorithms and the Changing Frontier
w20022 Ariel Pakes
Behavioral and Descriptive Forms of Choice Models
w20023 Ran Abramitzky
Isabelle Sin

Book Translations as Idea Flows: The Effects of the Collapse of Communism on the Diffusion of Knowledge
w20025 Vasco M. Carvalho
Nico Voigtländer

Input Diffusion and the Evolution of Production Networks
w20010 Dolan Antenucci
Michael Cafarella
Margaret Levenstein
Christopher Ré
Matthew D. Shapiro

Using Social Media to Measure Labor Market Flows
w20012 Ajay K. Agrawal
John McHale
Alex Oettl

Why Stars Matter
w20014 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Intellectual Property Rights, the Pool of Knowledge, and Innovation
w20016 Rena M. Conti
Ernst R. Berndt

Specialty drug prices and utilization after loss of U.S. patent exclusivity, 2001-2007
w19987 Philippe Aghion
Stefan Bechtold
Lea Cassar
Holger Herz

The Causal Effects of Competition on Innovation: Experimental Evidence
w19992 Ana Cecília Fieler
Marcela Eslava
Daniel Xu

Trade, Skills, and Quality Upgrading: A Theory with Evidence from Colombia
w19977 Hunt Allcott
Allan Collard-Wexler
Stephen D. O'Connell

How Do Electricity Shortages Affect Industry? Evidence from India
w19951 Nicholas Bloom
Paul M. Romer
Stephen J. Terry
John Van Reenen

Trapped Factors and China's Impact on Global Growth
w19962 Petra Moser
Alessandra Voena
Fabian Waldinger

German-Jewish Emigres and U.S. Invention
w19966 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Benjamin A. Olken

The Missing "Missing Middle"
w19947 Dirk Czarnitzki
Bronwyn H. Hall
Hanna Hottenrott

Patents as Quality Signals? The Implications for Financing Constraints on R&D
w19912 Matthew E. Kahn
Nils Kok

Big-Box Retailers and Urban Carbon Emissions: The Case of Wal-Mart
w19921 Tian Tang
David Popp

The Learning Process and Technological Change in Wind Power: Evidence from China's CDM Wind Projects
w19901 Serguey Braguinsky
Atsushi Ohyama
Tetsuji Okazaki
Chad Syverson

Acquisitions, Productivity, and Profitability: Evidence from the Japanese Cotton Spinning Industry
w19895 Robert J. Gordon
The Demise of U.S. Economic Growth: Restatement, Rebuttal, and Reflections
w19894 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit
Murat Alp Celik

Young, Restless and Creative: Openness to Disruption and Creative Innovations
w19852 Daron Acemoglu
Mohamed Mostagir
Asuman Ozdaglar

Managing Innovation in a Crowd
w19867 Susan Helper
Rebecca Henderson

Management Practices, Relational Contracts, and the Decline of General Motors
w19868 Ejaz Ghani
William R. Kerr
Stephen D. O'Connell

Political Reservations and Women's Entrepreneurship in India
w19837 Daron Acemoglu
David Autor
David Dorn
Gordon H. Hanson
Brendan Price

Return of the Solow Paradox? IT, Productivity, and Employment in U.S. Manufacturing
w19845 Manuel Adelino
Song Ma
David T. Robinson

Firm Age, Investment Opportunities, and Job Creation
w19797 Raffaella Sadun
Does Planning Regulation Protect Independent Retailers?
2013
w19738 Krislert Samphantharak
Robert Townsend

Risk and Return in Village Economies
w19755 Susan Athey
Scott Stern

The Nature and Incidence of Software Piracy: Evidence from Windows
w19761 Jeffrey Clemens
The Effect of U.S. Health Insurance Expansions on Medical Innovation
w19763 Ufuk Akcigit
Murat Alp Celik
Jeremy Greenwood

Buy, Keep or Sell: Economic Growth and the Market for Ideas
w19764 Matt Marx
Joshua S. Gans
David H. Hsu

Dynamic Commercialization Strategies for Disruptive Technologies: Evidence from the Speech Recognition Industry
w19720 Anne E. Hall
Tina Highfill

Calculating Disease-Based Medical Care Expenditure Indexes for Medicare Beneficiaries: A Comparison of Method and Data Choices
w19722 Oriana Bandiera
Andrea Prat
Raffaella Sadun

Managing the Family Firm: Evidence from CEOs at Work
w19727 James E. Rauch
Employee Spinouts, Social Networks, and Family Firms
w19730 Tanja Hethey-Maier
Johannes F. Schmieder

Does the Use of Worker Flows Improve the Analysis of Establishment Turnover? Evidence from German Administrative Data
w19731 Nicola Lacetera
Bradley J. Larsen
Devin G. Pope
Justin R. Sydnor

Bid Takers or Market Makers? The Effect of Auctioneers on Auction Outcomes
w19694 Ajay Agrawal
Avi Goldfarb
Florenta Teodoridis

Does Knowledge Accumulation Increase the Returns to Collaboration?
w19700 Amitabh Chandra
Jonathan Holmes
Jonathan Skinner

Is This Time Different? The Slowdown in Healthcare Spending
w19708 Viral V. Acharya
Zhaoxia Xu

Financial Dependence and Innovation: The Case of Public versus Private Firms
w19714 Nicholas Bloom
Fluctuations in Uncertainty
w19679 Ajay Agrawal
Iain Cockburn
Laurina Zhang

Deals Not Done: Sources of Failure in the Market for Ideas
w19680 Martin C. Schmalz
David A. Sraer
David Thesmar

Housing Collateral and Entrepreneurship
w19687 Paula Stephan
The Endless Frontier: Reaping what Bush Sowed?
w19637 David Byrne
Brian K. Kovak
Ryan Michaels

Price and Quality Dispersion in an Offshoring Market: Evidence from Semiconductor Production Services
w19659 Patrick Kline
Enrico Moretti

People, Places and Public Policy: Some Simple Welfare Economics of Local Economic Development Programs
w19662 David Dollar
Benjamin F. Jones

China: An Institutional View of an Unusual Macroeconomy
w19664 Josh Lerner
Jean Tirole

Standard-Essential Patents
w19657 William R. Kerr
Heterogeneous Technology Diffusion and Ricardian Trade Patterns
w19658 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

Skilled Immigration and the Employment Structures of U.S. Firms
w19674 Carolyn D. Egelman
Dennis Epple
Linda Argote
Erica R.H. Fuchs

Learning by Doing in a Multi-Product Manufacturing Environment: Product Variety, Customizations, and Overlapping Product Generations
w19647 David S. Abrams
Ufuk Akcigit
Jillian Popadak

Patent Value and Citations: Creative Destruction or Strategic Disruption?
w19653 Ajay Agrawal
John McHale
Alexander Oettl

Collaboration, Stars, and the Changing Organization of Science: Evidence from Evolutionary Biology
w19593 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Impact of Biomedical Knowledge Accumulation on Mortality: A Bibliometric Analysis of Cancer Data
w19567 Steven L. Scott
Hal R. Varian

Bayesian Variable Selection for Nowcasting Economic Time Series
w19560 Joshua S. Gans
Fiona E. Murray
Scott Stern

Contracting Over the Disclosure of Scientific Knowledge: Intellectual Property and Academic Publication
w19586 Yi Qian
Hui Xie

Drive More Effective Data-Based Innovations: Enhancing the Utility of Secure Databases
w19538 Joshua S. Gans
Fiona Murray

Credit History: The Changing Nature of Scientific Credit
w19549 Scott Wallsten
What Are We Not Doing When We're Online
w19488 Gilbert Cette
Jimmy Lopez
Jacques Mairesse

Upstream Product Market Regulations, ICT, R&D and Productivity
w19518 Siping Luo
Mary E. Lovely
David Popp

Intellectual Returnees as Drivers of Indigenous Innovation: Evidence from the Chinese Photovoltaic Industry
w19519 Michael R. Baye
Babur De los Santos
Matthijs R. Wildenbeest

Searching for Physical and Digital Media: The Evolution of Platforms for Finding Books
w19521 Megan MacGarvie
Petra Moser

Copyright and the Profitability of Authorship: Evidence from Payments to Writers in the Romantic Period
w19525 Ajay Agrawal
John Horton
Nicola Lacetera
Elizabeth Lyons

Digitization and the Contract Labor Market: A Research Agenda
w19526 Catherine L. Mann
Information Lost (Apologies to Milton)
w19487 Murray L. Aitken
Ernst R. Berndt
Barry Bosworth
Iain M. Cockburn
Richard Frank
Michael Kleinrock
Bradley T. Shapiro

The Regulation of Prescription Drug Competition and Market Responses: Patterns in Prices and Sales Following Loss of Exclusivity
w19489 Ginger Zhe Jin
Benjamin Jones
Susan Feng Lu
Brian Uzzi

The Reverse Matthew Effect: Catastrophe and Consequence in Scientific Teams
w19507 Shane Greenstein
Frank Nagle

Digital Dark Matter and the Economic Contribution of Apache
a0639 Nicholas Bloom and Josh Lerner
Productivity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship
w19473 Ufuk Akcigit
Douglas Hanley
Nicolas Serrano-Velarde

Back to Basics: Basic Research Spillovers, Innovation Policy and Growth
w19475 Scott R. Baker
Nicholas Bloom

Does Uncertainty Reduce Growth? Using Disasters as Natural Experiments
w19458 Steven J. Davis
John C. Haltiwanger
Kyle Handley
Ron S. Jarmin
Josh Lerner
Javier Miranda

Private Equity, Jobs, and Productivity
w19419 Susan Athey
Emilio Calvano
Joshua Gans

The Impact of the Internet on Advertising Markets for News Media
w19420 Alex Edmans
Mirko Heinle
Chong Huang

The Real Costs of Disclosure
w19430 Eric Budish
Benjamin N. Roin
Heidi Williams

Do firms underinvest in long-term research? Evidence from cancer clinical trials
w19395 William Mullins
Antoinette Schoar

How do CEOs see their Role? Management Philosophy and Styles in Family and Non-Family Firms
w19407 Alex Edmans
Vivian W. Fang
Katharina A. Lewellen

Equity Vesting and Managerial Myopia
w19408 Jonathan N. Millar
Stephen D. Oliner
Daniel E. Sichel

Time-To-Plan Lags for Commercial Construction Projects
w19374 Bettina Peters
Mark J. Roberts
Van Anh Vuong
Helmut Fryges

Estimating Dynamic R&D Demand: An Analysis of Costs and Long-Run Benefits
w19377 William R. Kerr
U.S. High-Skilled Immigration, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship: Empirical Approaches and Evidence
w19379 Ramana Nanda
Matthew Rhodes-Kropf

Innovation and the Financial Guillotine
w19394 Wen Wen
Marco Ceccagnoli
Chris Forman

Patent Commons, Thickets, and Open Source Software Entry by Start-Up Firms
w19390 Robert J. Gordon
The Phillips Curve is Alive and Well: Inflation and the NAIRU During the Slow Recovery
w19293 Patrick M. Kline
Enrico Moretti

Local Economic Development, Agglomeration Economies, and the Big Push: 100 Years of Evidence from the Tennessee Valley Authority
w19301 Richard B. Freeman
One Ring to Rule Them All? Globalization of Knowledge and Knowledge Creation
w19303 Daniel Paravisini
Antoinette Schoar

The Incentive Effect of Scores: Randomized Evidence from Credit Committees
w19307 C. Lanier Benkard
Przemyslaw Jeziorski
Gabriel Y. Weintraub

Oblivious Equilibrium for Concentrated Industries
w19308 Jan De Loecker
Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg

Firm Performance in a Global Market
w19273 Thomas J. Holmes
Wen-Tai Hsu
Sanghoon Lee

Allocative Efficiency, Mark-ups, and the Welfare Gains from Trade
w19249 Thomas J. Holmes
Ellen R. McGrattan
Edward C. Prescott

Quid Pro Quo: Technology Capital Transfers for Market Access in China
w19252 Suzanne Scotchmer
Patents in the University: Priming the Pump and Crowding Out
w19235 Florian Scheuer
Entrepreneurial Taxation with Endogenous Entry
w19223 Qing Miao
David Popp

Necessity as the Mother of Invention: Innovative Responses to Natural Disasters
w19217 Gian Luca Clementi
Berardino Palazzo

Entry, Exit, Firm Dynamics, and Aggregate Fluctuations
w19219 Diego Comin
Johannes Rode

From Green Users to Green Voters
w19200 Amitabh Chandra
Amy Finkelstein
Adam Sacarny
Chad Syverson

Healthcare Exceptionalism? Productivity and Allocation in the U.S. Healthcare Sector
w19176 Yi Qian
Eric Anderson
Duncan Simester

Multichannel Spillovers from a Factory Store
w19191 Annamaria Conti
Jerry Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

Patents as Signals for Startup Financing
w19150 Brett Danaher
Michael D. Smith
Rahul Telang

Piracy and Copyright Enforcement Mechanisms
w19134 Teresa C. Fort
John Haltiwanger
Ron S. Jarmin
Javier Miranda

How Firms Respond to Business Cycles: The Role of Firm Age and Firm Size
w19120 Michael Ewens
Matthew Rhodes-Kropf

Is a VC Partnership Greater than the Sum of its Partners?
w19133 Ajay K. Agrawal
Christian Catalini
Avi Goldfarb

Some Simple Economics of Crowdfunding
w19089 Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers
Mark Rogers
Vania Sena

The Importance (or not) of Patents to UK Firms
w19073 Benoît Mulkay
Jacques Mairesse

The R&D Tax Credit in France: Assessment and Ex-Ante Evaluation of the 2008 Reform
w19074 Wladimir Raymond
Jacques Mairesse
Pierre Mohnen
Franz Palm

Dynamic Models of R&D, Innovation and Productivity: Panel Data Evidence for Dutch and French Manufacturing
w19052 Diego A. Comin
Martí Mestieri

Technology Diffusion: Measurement, Causes and Consequences
w19059 Sabien Dobbelaere
Kozo Kiyota
Jacques Mairesse

Product and labor market imperfections and scale economies: Micro-evidence on France, Japan and the Netherlands
w19033 Alvaro Garcia Marin
Nico Voigtländer

Exporting and Plant-Level Efficiency Gains: It's in the Measure
w19035 Liran Einav
Jonathan D. Levin

The Data Revolution and Economic Analysis
w19010 Diego A. Comin
Martí Mestieri Ferrer

If Technology Has Arrived Everywhere, Why has Income Diverged?
w19012 Mitsukuni Nishida
Amil Petrin
Sašo Polanec

Exploring Reallocation's Apparent Weak Contribution to Growth
w19013 Aaron Chatterji
Edward L. Glaeser
William R. Kerr

Clusters of Entrepreneurship and Innovation
w19021 Liran Einav
Chiara Farronato
Jonathan D. Levin
Neel Sundaresan

Sales Mechanisms in Online Markets: What Happened to Internet Auctions?
w18989 Rüdiger Bachmann
Steffen Elstner

Firms' Optimism and Pessimism
w18997 Bruce A. Blonigen
Christopher R. Knittel
Anson Soderbery

Keeping it Fresh: Strategic Product Redesigns and Welfare
w18973 Luís Cabral
Zhu Wang
Daniel Yi Xu

Competitors, Complementors, Parents and Places: Explaining Regional Agglomeration in the U.S. Auto Industry
w18982 Nicolas Figueroa
Carlos J. Serrano

Patent Trading Flows of Small and Large Firms
w18958 Michaël Bikard
Fiona E. Murray
Joshua Gans

Exploring Tradeoffs in the Organization of Scientific Work: Collaboration and Scientific Reward
w18931 Kenneth Flamm
A Tale of Two Standards: Patent Pools and Innovation in the Optical Disk Drive Industry
w18918 Ernst R. Berndt
Iain M. Cockburn

Price Indexes for Clinical Trial Research: A Feasibility Study
w18871 Nicholas Bloom
James Liang
John Roberts
Zhichun Jenny Ying

Does Working from Home Work? Evidence from a Chinese Experiment
w18842 Philippe Aghion
Nicholas Bloom
John Van Reenen

Incomplete Contracts and the Internal Organization of Firms
w18854 Philippe Aghion
Peter Howitt
Susanne Prantl

Patent Rights, Product Market Reforms, and Innovation
w18820 Meghan R. Busse
Nicola Lacetera
Devin G. Pope
Jorge Silva-Risso
Justin R. Sydnor

Estimating the Effect of Salience in Wholesale and Retail Car Markets
w18824 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Peter Howitt

What Do We Learn From Schumpeterian Growth Theory?
w18809 Paula Stephan
Chiara Franzoni
Giuseppe Scellato

Choice of Country by the Foreign Born for PhD and Postdoctoral Study: A Sixteen-Country Perspective
w18784 Yi Qian
Qiang Gong
Yuxin Chen

Untangling Searchable and Experiential Quality Responses to Counterfeits
w18795 Marco Ceccagnoli
Matthew J. Higgins
Vincenzo Palermo

Behind the Scenes: Sources of Complementarity in R&D
w18739 Allan Collard-Wexler
Jan De Loecker

Reallocation and Technology: Evidence from the U.S. Steel Industry
w18720 Ajay K. Agrawal
Nicola Lacetera
Elizabeth Lyons

Does Information Help or Hinder Job Applicants from Less Developed Countries in Online Markets?
w18723 Jonathan R. Clark
Robert S. Huckman
Bradley R. Staats

Learning from Customers: Individual and Organizational Effects in Outsourced Radiological Services
2012
w18657 François Gourio
Nicolas A. Roys

Size-Dependent Regulations, Firm Size Distribution, and Reallocation
w18663 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna

Revealed Preferences for Journals: Evidence from Page Limits
w18631 Petra Moser
Patent Laws and Innovation: Evidence from Economic History
w18650 Laura Alfaro
Anusha Chari

Deregulation, Misallocation, and Size: Evidence from India
w18625 Pierre Azoulay
Toby Stuart
Yanbo Wang

Matthew: Effect or Fable?
w18552 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Effect of Pharmaceutical Innovation on Longevity: Patient-Level Evidence from the 1996-2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and Linked Mortality Public-Use Files
w18559 Edward N. Wolff
The Asset Price Meltdown and the Wealth of the Middle Class
w18561 Kalina Manova
Zhihong Yu

How Firms Export: Processing vs. Ordinary Trade with Financial Frictions
w18534 Diego A. Comin
Mikhail Dmitriev
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

The Spatial Diffusion of Technology
w18522 David Card
Jörg Heining
Patrick Kline

Workplace Heterogeneity and the Rise of West German Wage Inequality
w18524 Ejaz Ghani
Arti Grover Goswami
William R. Kerr

Highway to Success: The Impact of the Golden Quadrilateral Project for the Location and Performance of Indian Manufacturing
w18506 David Popp
The Role of Technological Change in Green Growth
w18499 Pierre Azoulay
Jeffrey L. Furman
Joshua L. Krieger
Fiona E. Murray

Retractions
w18494 Mikko Packalen
Jay Bhattacharya

Words in Patents: Research Inputs and the Value of Innovativeness in Invention
w18495 Thomas F. Hellmann
Veikko Thiele

A Theory of the Firm based on Partner Displacement
w18474 Ejaz Ghani
William R. Kerr
Christopher T. Stanton

Diasporas and Outsourcing: Evidence from oDesk and India
w18459 Marc-Andreas Muendler
James E. Rauch

Mobilizing Social Capital Through Employee Spinoffs
w18401 Rema Hanna
Sendhil Mullainathan
Joshua Schwartzstein

Learning Through Noticing: Theory and Experimental Evidence in Farming
w18405 Charles R. Hulten
Janet X. Hao

The Role Of Intangible Capital in the Transformation and Growth of the Chinese Economy
w18406 Florian Scheuer
Adverse Selection In Credit Markets and Regressive Profit Taxation
w18385 Timothy Simcoe
Michael W. Toffel

Public Procurement and the Private Supply of Green Buildings
w18392 Michael Greenstone
John A. List
Chad Syverson

The Effects of Environmental Regulation on the Competitiveness of U.S. Manufacturing
w18364 Carolin Haeussler
Matthew J. Higgins

Explaining Preferences for Control Rights in Strategic Alliances: A Property Rights and Capabilities Perspective Approach
w18315 Robert J. Gordon
Is U.S. Economic Growth Over? Faltering Innovation Confronts the Six Headwinds
w18333 Edward L. Glaeser
Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr

Entrepreneurship and Urban Growth: An Empirical Assessment with Historical Mines
w18340 Dina Mayzlin
Yaniv Dover
Judith A. Chevalier

Promotional Reviews: An Empirical Investigation of Online Review Manipulation
w18292 Michael Roach
Wesley M. Cohen

Lens or Prism? Patent Citations as a Measure of Knowledge Flows from Public Research
w18297 Albert N. Link
Christopher J. Ruhm
Donald S. Siegel

Private Equity and the Innovation Strategies of Entrepreneurial Firms: Empirical Evidence from the Small Business Innovation Research Program
w18310 Ethan G. Lewis
Immigration and Production Technology
w18316 Ryan L. Lampe
Petra Moser

Do Patent Pools Encourage Innovation? Evidence from 20 U.S. Industries under the New Deal
w18281 David Dranove
Christopher Forman
Avi Goldfarb
Shane Greenstein

The Trillion Dollar Conundrum: Complementarities and Health Information Technology
w18249 Mercedes Delgado
Christian Ketels
Michael E. Porter
Scott Stern

The Determinants of National Competitiveness
w18250 Mercedes Delgado
Michael E. Porter
Scott Stern

Clusters, Convergence, and Economic Performance
w18259 Lorenzo Caliendo
Ferdinando Monte
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

The Anatomy of French Production Hierarchies
w18235 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Pharmaceutical Innovation and Longevity Growth in 30 Developing and High-income Countries, 2000-2009
w18245 Nicholas Bloom
Max Floetotto
Nir Jaimovich
Itay Saporta-Eksten
Stephen J. Terry

Really Uncertain Business Cycles
w18203 Ashish Arora
Andrea Fosfuri
Thomas Roende

Managing Licensing in a Market for Technology
w18179 Henry R. Delcamp
Aija Leiponen

Innovating Standards Through Informal Consortia: The Case of Wireless Telecommunications
w18182 Marc J. Melitz
Sašo Polanec

Dynamic Olley-Pakes Productivity Decomposition with Entry and Exit
w18146 Fiona E. Murray
Evaluating the Role of Science Philanthropy in American Research Universities
w18167 Shane Greenstein
Feng Zhu

Collective Intelligence and Neutral Point of View: The Case of Wikipedia
w18132 Joseph A. Clougherty
Michal Grajek

International Standards and International Trade: Empirical Evidence from ISO 9000 Diffusion
w18133 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Peter J. Klenow

The Life Cycle of Plants in India and Mexico
w18116 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Gustavo Manso

NIH Peer Review: Challenges and Avenues for Reform
w18081 Mark A. Lemley
Fixing the Patent Office
w18053 Bronwyn H. Hall
Francesca Lotti
Jacques Mairesse

Evidence on the Impact of R&D and ICT Investment on Innovation and Productivity in Italian Firms
w18067 Chiara Franzoni
Giuseppe Scellato
Paula Stephan

Foreign Born Scientists: Mobility Patterns for Sixteen Countries
w18077 Thomas Philippon
Has the U.S. Finance Industry Become Less Efficient? On the Theory and Measurement of Financial Intermediation
w18041 Chris Edmond
Virgiliu Midrigan
Daniel Yi Xu

Competition, Markups, and the Gains from International Trade
w18017 Steven D. Levitt
John A. List
Chad Syverson

Toward an Understanding of Learning by Doing: Evidence from an Automobile Assembly Plant
w18019 Suresh De Mel
David McKenzie
Christopher Woodruff

The demand for, and consequences of, formalization among informal firms in Sri Lanka
w18020 Enghin Atalay
Ali Hortacsu
Chad Syverson

Why Do Firms Own Production Chains?
w18025 Jinhyung Lee
Jeffrey S. McCullough
Robert J. Town

The Impact of Health Information Technology on Hospital Productivity
w18005 Nicola Lacetera
Justin R. Sydnor

Would You Buy a Honda Made in the U.S.? The Impact of Production Location on Manufacturing Quality
w17992 Ejaz Ghani
Arti Grover Goswami
William R. Kerr

Is India's Manufacturing Sector Moving Away From Cities?
w17983 Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers
Mark Rogers
Vania Sena

The Choice between Formal and Informal Intellectual Property: A Literature Review
w17971 Susanto Basu
Luigi Pascali
Fabio Schiantarelli
Luis Serven

Productivity and the Welfare of Nations
w17980 Erika Farnstrand Damsgaard
Marie C. Thursby

University Entrepreneurship and Professor Privilege
w17942 David T. Robinson
Berk A. Sensoy

Do Private Equity Managers Earn Their Fees? Compensation, Ownership, and Cash Flow Performance
w17945 Steven Grenadier
Andrey Malenko
Ilya A. Strebulaev

Investment Busts, Reputation, and the Temptation to Blend in with the Crowd
w17925 Jan De Loecker
Pinelopi K. Goldberg
Amit K. Khandelwal
Nina Pavcnik

Prices, Markups and Trade Reform
w17849 Yi Qian
Brand Management and Strategies Against Counterfeits
w17904 Nikolai Roussanov
Pavel G. Savor

Status, Marriage, and Managers' Attitudes To Risk
w17879 Richard H. Steckel
William J. White

Engines of Growth: Farm Tractors and Twentieth-Century U.S. Economic Welfare
w17888 Jennifer Hunt
Jean-Philippe Garant
Hannah Herman
David J. Munroe

Why Don't Women Patent?
w17889 Timothy F. Bresnahan
Jonathan D. Levin

Vertical Integration and Market Structure
w17897 Abhijit Banerjee
Esther Duflo
Nancy Qian

On the Road: Access to Transportation Infrastructure and Economic Growth in China
w17864 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel S. Kortum
Sebastian Sotelo

International Trade: Linking Micro and Macro
w17842 Chiara Criscuolo
Ralf Martin
Henry Overman
John Van Reenen

The Causal Effects of an Industrial Policy
w17846 Maria Guadalupe
Hongyi Li
Julie Wulf

Who Lives in the C-Suite? Organizational Structure and the Division of Labor in Top Management
w17850 Nicholas Bloom
Christos Genakos
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

Management Practices Across Firms and Countries
w17853 Lucia Foster
John C. Haltiwanger
Chad Syverson

The Slow Growth of New Plants: Learning about Demand?
w17825 Emek Basker
Raising the Barcode Scanner: Technology and Productivity in the Retail Sector
w17801 Jeremy D. Foltz
Ursula T. Aldana
Paul Laris

The Sahel's Silent Maize Revolution: Analyzing Maize Productivity in Mali at the Farm-level
w17816 T. Kirk White
Jerome P. Reiter
Amil Petrin

Plant-level Productivity and Imputation of Missing Data in U.S. Census Manufacturing Data
w17792 David Popp
Nidhi Santen
Karen Fisher-Vanden
Mort Webster

Technology Variation vs. R&D Uncertainty: What Matters Most for Energy Patent Success?
w17793 Ajay K. Agrawal
Iain M. Cockburn
Alberto Galasso
Alexander Oettl

Why are Some Regions More Innovative than Others? The Role of Firm Size Diversity
w17760 Raghuram Rajan
The Corporation in Finance
w17769 Leonid Kogan
Dimitris Papanikolaou
Amit Seru
Noah Stoffman

Technological Innovation, Resource Allocation, and Growth
w17773 Bronwyn H. Hall
Dietmar Harhoff

Recent Research on the Economics of Patents
w17741 Karen Fisher-Vanden
Erin T. Mansur
Qiong (Juliana) Wang

Costly Blackouts? Measuring Productivity and Environmental Effects of Electricity Shortages
w17750 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Effect of Pharmaceutical Innovation on the Functional Limitations of Elderly Americans Evidence from the 2004 National Nursing Home Survey
w17725 Mark J. Roberts
Daniel Yi Xu
Xiaoyan Fan
Shengxing Zhang

The Role of Firm Factors in Demand, Cost, and Export Market Selection for Chinese Footwear Producers
2011
w17717 Gregor Matvos
Amit Seru

Resource Allocation within Firms and Financial Market Dislocation: Evidence from Diversified Conglomerates
w17693 Sean Dougherty
Verónica C. Frisancho Robles
Kala Krishna

Employment Protection Legislation and Plant-Level Productivity in India
w17701 William R. Kerr
Income Inequality and Social Preferences for Redistribution and Compensation Differentials
w17659 Rui Castro
Gian Luca Clementi
Yoonsoo Lee

Cross-Sectoral Variation in The Volatility of Plant-Level Idiosyncratic Shocks
w17602 Ufuk Akcigit
Qingmin Liu

The Role of Information in Competitive Experimentation
w17596 Ejaz Ghani
William R. Kerr
Stephen D. O'Connell

Local Industrial Structures and Female Entrepreneurship in India
w17584 Casey B. Mulligan
Rising Labor Productivity during the 2008-9 Recession
w17573 Ryan L. Lampe
Petra Moser

Patent Pools and the Direction of Innovation - Evidence from the 19th-century Sewing Machine Industry
w17577 William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln
Prachi Mishra

The Dynamics of Firm Lobbying
w17546 Dani Rodrik
Unconditional Convergence
w17523 Marco Da Rin
Thomas F. Hellmann
Manju Puri

A survey of venture capital research
w17514 Ejaz Ghani
William R. Kerr
Stephen D. O'Connell

Spatial Determinants of Entrepreneurship in India
w17512 Jonathan Chiu
Cesaire Meh
Randall Wright

Innovation and Growth with Financial, and other, Frictions
w17487 Benjamin F. Jones
The Human Capital Stock: A Generalized Approach
w17472 Craig E. Landry
Andreas Lange
John A. List
Michael K. Price
Nicholas G. Rupp

Is There a 'Hidden Cost of Control' in Naturally-Occurring Markets? Evidence from a Natural Field Experiment
w17441 Albert N. Link
Christopher J. Ruhm

Creativity and the Family Tree: Human Capital Endowments and the Propensity of Entrepreneurs to Patent
w17414 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Impact of Therapeutic Procedure Innovation on Hospital Patient Longevity: Evidence from Western Australia, 2000-2007
w17404 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Jason Fong

Communitywide Database Designs for Tracking Innovation Impact: COMETS, STARS and Nanobank
w17385 Liran Einav
Theresa Kuchler
Jonathan D. Levin
Neel Sundaresan

Learning from Seller Experiments in Online Markets
w17399 Steven J. Davis
John C. Haltiwanger
Ron S. Jarmin
Josh Lerner
Javier Miranda

Private Equity and Employment
w17400 Dani Rodrik
The Future of Economic Convergence
w17367 Alberto Galasso
Mark Schankerman
Carlos J. Serrano

Trading and Enforcing Patent Rights
w17373 Amil Petrin
Jagadeesh Sivadasan

Estimating Lost Output from Allocative Inefficiency, with an Application to Chile and Firing Costs
w17341 Lucas W. Davis
Catherine Wolfram

Deregulation, Consolidation, and Efficiency: Evidence from U.S. Nuclear Power
w17304 Carlos J. Serrano
Estimating the Gains from Trade in the Market for Innovation: Evidence from the Transfer of Patents
w17311 Aubhik Khan
Julia K. Thomas

Credit Shocks and Aggregate Fluctuations in an Economy with Production Heterogeneity
w17336 C. Fritz Foley
William R. Kerr

Ethnic Innovation and U.S. Multinational Firm Activity
w17265 Serguey Braguinsky
Lee G. Branstetter
Andre Regateiro

The Incredible Shrinking Portuguese Firm
w17249 Tamara Hafner
David Popp

China and India as Suppliers of Affordable Medicines to Developing Countries
w17246 Catherine Tucker
Network Stability, Network Externalities and Technology Adoption
w17231 Nicholas Bloom
Helena Schweiger
John Van Reenen

The Land that Lean Manufacturing Forgot? Management Practices in Transition Countries
w17204 Leonardo Iacovone
Beata Smarzynska Javorcik
Wolfgang Keller
James R. Tybout

Supplier Responses to Wal-Mart's Invasion of Mexico
w17207 Marcel Fafchamps
David McKenzie
Simon R. Quinn
Christopher Woodruff

When is capital enough to get female microenterprises growing? Evidence from a randomized experiment in Ghana
w17178 Bronwyn H. Hall
Innovation and Productivity
w17181 Thomas Åstebro
Carlos J. Serrano

Business Partners, Financing, and the Commercialization of Inventions
w17172 Christos Genakos
Kai-Uwe Kühn
John Van Reenen

Leveraging Monopoly Power by Degrading Interoperability: Theory and Evidence from Computer Markets
w17188 Lee G. Branstetter
Chirantan Chatterjee
Matthew Higgins

Regulation and Welfare: Evidence from Paragraph IV Generic Entry in the Pharmaceutical Industry
w17175 Allan Collard-Wexler
John Asker
Jan De Loecker

Productivity Volatility and the Misallocation of Resources in Developing Economies
w17124 Avi Goldfarb
Catherine Tucker

Privacy and Innovation
w17086 Gautam Gowrisankaran
Stanley S. Reynolds
Mario Samano

Intermittency and the Value of Renewable Energy
w17094 Charles I. Jones
Life and Growth
w17100 Nune Hovhannisyan
Wolfgang Keller

International Business Travel: An Engine of Innovation?
w17041 Erik Hurst
Benjamin Wild Pugsley

What Do Small Businesses Do?
w17043 John P. Conley
Mario J. Crucini
Robert A. Driskill
Ali Sina Onder

Incentives and the Effects of Publication Lags on Life Cycle Research Productivity in Economics
w17046 Peter J. Huckfeldt
Christopher R. Knittel

Pharmaceutical Use Following Generic Entry: Paying Less and Buying Less
w17050 Annamaria Conti
Marie C. Thursby
Frank Rothaermel

Show Me the Right Stuff: Signals for High Tech Startups
w17013 Ashish Arora
Sharon Belenzon
Luis A. Rios

The Organization of R&D in American Corporations: The Determinants and Consequences of Decentralization
w17022 Romney B. Duffey
The Quantification of Systemic Risk and Stability: New Methods and Measures
w17030 Nicola Lacetera
Devin G. Pope
Justin R. Sydnor

Heuristic Thinking and Limited Attention in the Car Market
w17031 Nicola Lacetera
Lorenzo Zirulia

Individual Preferences, Organization, and Competition in a Model of R&D Incentive Provision
w16980 Joshua Gans
Fiona E. Murray

Funding Scientific Knowledge: Selection, Disclosure and the Public-Private Portfolio
w16983 Petra Moser
Paul W. Rhode

Did Plant Patents Create the American Rose?
w16988 Igal Hendel
Aviv Nevo

Intertemporal Price Discrimination in Storable Goods Markets
w16990 Amitabh Chandra
Anupam B. Jena
Jonathan S. Skinner

The Pragmatist's Guide to Comparative Effectiveness Research
w16991 Edward N. Wolff
Pensions in the 2000s: the Lost Decade?
w16993 Ralf Meisenzahl
Joel Mokyr

The Rate and Direction of Invention in the British Industrial Revolution: Incentives and Institutions
w17004 Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Matthew J. Neidell

The Impact of Pollution on Worker Productivity
w16953 Amitabh Chandra
Jonathan S. Skinner

Technology Growth and Expenditure Growth in Health Care
w16958 Gita Gopinath
Brent Neiman

Trade Adjustment and Productivity in Large Crises
w16943 Thomas F. Hellmann
Enrico C. Perotti

The Circulation of Ideas in Firms and Markets
w16937 Jonathan R. Clark
Robert Huckman

Broadening Focus: Spillovers, Complementarities and Specialization in the Hospital Industry
w16918 Josh Lerner
Ulrike Malmendier

With a Little Help from My (Random) Friends: Success and Failure in Post-Business School Entrepreneurship
w16920 Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers

Innovation and Diffusion of Clean/Green Technology: Can Patent Commons Help?
w16895 Barbara M. Fraumeni
Human Capital Accounts: Choice of Rates and Construction of Volume Indices
w16853 Jeremy T. Fox
Valérie Smeets

Does Input Quality Drive Measured Differences in Firm Productivity?
w16864 Edward N. Wolff
Spillovers, Linkages, and Productivity Growth in the US Economy, 1958 to 2007
w16820 Ajay K. Agrawal
Christian Catalini
Avi Goldfarb

The Geography of Crowdfunding
w16823 Anna A. Levine Taub
Anton Kolotilin
Robert S. Gibbons
Ernst R. Berndt

The Diversity of Concentrated Prescribing Behavior: An Application to Antipsychotics
w16840 Edward N. Wolff
Maury Gittleman

Inheritances and the Distribution of Wealth or Whatever Happened to the Great Inheritance Boom? Results from the SCF and PSID
w16806 Andrei A. Levchenko
Jing Zhang

The Evolution of Comparative Advantage: Measurement and Welfare Implications
w16780 Josh Lerner
Peter Tufano

The Consequences of Financial Innovation: A Counterfactual Research Agenda
w16778 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Ralph Ossa

A Global View of Productivity Growth in China
w16785 Yi Qian
Counterfeiters: Foes or Friends? How Do Counterfeits Affect Different Product Quality Tiers?
w16721 William Jack
Tavneet Suri

Mobile Money: The Economics of M-PESA
w16736 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr

Economic Impacts of Immigration: A Survey
w16742 Charles I. Jones
Misallocation, Economic Growth, and Input-Output Economics
w16716 Jeffrey LaFrance
Rulon Pope
Jesse Tack

Risk Response in Agriculture
w16717 Nicholas Bloom
Mirko Draca
John Van Reenen

Trade Induced Technical Change? The Impact of Chinese Imports on Innovation, IT and Productivity
w16700 Amil Petrin
T. Kirk White
Jerome P. Reiter

The Impact of Plant-level Resource Reallocations and Technical Progress on U.S. Macroeconomic Growth
w16709 Ethan Ligon
Supply and Effects of Specialty Crop Insurance
w16683 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Bhaven N. Sampat

The Diffusion of Scientific Knowledge Across Time and Space: Evidence from Professional Transitions for the Superstars of Medicine
w16691 Oriana Bandiera
Andrea Prat
Luigi Guiso
Raffaella Sadun

Matching Firms, Managers and Incentives
w16692 Yi Qian
Hui Xie

Investigating the Dynamic Effects of Counterfeits with a Random Changepoint Simultaneous Equation Model
w16658 Nicholas Bloom
Benn Eifert
Aprajit Mahajan
David McKenzie
John Roberts

Does Management Matter? Evidence from India
w16666 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum
Brent Neiman
John Romalis

Trade and the Global Recession
2010
w16639 William R. Kerr
Scott Duke Kominers

Agglomerative Forces and Cluster Shapes
w16573 Maria Guadalupe
Olga Kuzmina
Catherine Thomas

Innovation and Foreign Ownership
w16548 Jan De Loecker
A Note on Detecting Learning by Exporting
w16529 Rebecca Henderson
Richard G. Newell

Accelerating Energy Innovation: Insights from Multiple Sectors
w16540 Susan Helper
Morris M. Kleiner
Yingchun Wang

Analyzing Compensation Methods in Manufacturing: Piece Rates, Time Rates, or Gain-Sharing?
w16543 Seth H. Werfel
Adam B. Jaffe

Induction and Evolution in the Origin of Inventions: Evidence from Smoking Cessation Products
w16544 Fredrik Andersson
Mónica García-Pérez
John C. Haltiwanger
Kristin McCue
Seth Sanders

Workplace Concentration of Immigrants
w16520 Renaud Bourlès
Gilbert Cette
Jimmy Lopez
Jacques Mairesse
Giuseppe Nicoletti

Do Product Market Regulations in Upstream Sectors Curb Productivity Growth? Panel Data Evidence for OECD Countries
w16443 Ufuk Akcigit
William R. Kerr

Growth Through Heterogeneous Innovations
w16511 Aviv Nevo
Empirical Models of Consumer Behavior
w16481 Steven Block
The Decline and Rise of Agricultural Productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa Since 1961
w16487 Dave Donaldson
Railroads of the Raj: Estimating the Impact of Transportation Infrastructure
w16473 Lee G. Branstetter
Francisco Lima
Lowell J. Taylor
Ana Venâncio

Do Entry Regulations Deter Entrepreneurship and Job Creation? Evidence from Recent Reforms in Portugal
w16431 Ernst R. Berndt
Murray L. Aitken

Brand Loyalty, Generic Entry and Price Competition in Pharmaceuticals in the Quarter Century After the 1984 Waxman-Hatch Legislation
w16419 Glenn Ellison
How Does the Market Use Citation Data? The Hirsch Index in Economics
w16367 Nelson P. Repenning
Rebecca M. Henderson

Making the Numbers? "Short Termism" & the Puzzle of Only Occasional Disaster
w16368 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Gerard Roland

Culture, Institutions and the Wealth of Nations
w16374 Pierpaolo Benigno
Luca Antonio Ricci
Paolo Surico

Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run: The Role of Macroeconomic Volatility
w16378 Diego A. Comin
Bart Hobijn

Technology Diffusion and Postwar Growth
w16379 Diego A. Comin
Martí Mestieri

An Intensive Exploration of Technology Diffusion
w16341 Francesco Lissoni
Jacques Mairesse
Fabio Montobbio
Michele Pezzoni

Scientific Productivity and Academic Promotion: A Study on French and Italian Physicists
w16343 Sylvain Chassang
Gerard Padro i Miquel
Erik Snowberg

Selective Trials: A Principal-Agent Approach to Randomized Controlled Experiments
w16323 Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers

The role of patent protection in (clean/green) technology transfer
w16326 A. Kerem Coşar
Nezih Guner
James Tybout

Firm Dynamics, Job Turnover, and Wage Distributions in an Open Economy
w16328 Ron Kaniel
Cade Massey
David T. Robinson

The Importance of Being an Optimist: Evidence from Labor Markets
w16331 Lisa D. Cook
Chaleampong Kongcharoen

The Idea Gap in Pink and Black
w16317 Xi Chen
William D. Nordhaus

The Value of Luminosity Data as a Proxy for Economic Statistics
w16295 Yi Qian
Are National Patent Laws the Blossoming Rain?
w16270 Hui Xie
Yi Qian
Leming Qu

A Semiparametric Approach for Analyzing Nonignorable Missing Data
w16272 Alicia M. Robb
David T. Robinson

The Capital Structure Decisions of New Firms
w16294 Yasheng Huang
Li Jin
Yi Qian

Does Ethnicity Pay
w16297 Ernst R. Berndt
Joseph P. Newhouse

Pricing and Reimbursement in U.S. Pharmaceutical Markets
w16300 John C. Haltiwanger
Ron S. Jarmin
Javier Miranda

Who Creates Jobs? Small vs. Large vs. Young
w16301 James E. Anderson
Yoto V. Yotov

Specialization: Pro- and Anti-globalizing, 1990-2002
w16248 Peter Cappelli
The Performance Effects of IT-Enabled Knowledge Management Practices
w16213 Heidi L. Williams
Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation: Evidence from the Human Genome
w16220 Sabien Dobbelaere
Jacques Mairesse

Comparing Micro-evidence on Rent Sharing from Three Different Approaches
w16221 Jordi Jaumandreu
Jacques Mairesse

Innovation and Welfare: Results from Joint Estimation of Production and Demand Functions
w16188 Sergey Lychagin
Joris Pinkse
Margaret E. Slade
John Van Reenen

Spillovers in Space: Does Geography Matter?
w16166 Shane Greenstein
Ryan C. McDevitt

Evidence of a Modest Price Decline in US Broadband Services
w16156 Ashish Arora
Lee G. Branstetter
Matej Drev

Going Soft: How the Rise of Software Based Innovation Led to the Decline of Japan's IT Industry and the Resurgence of Silicon Valley
w16167 Ashish Arora
Surendra K. Bagde

Human capital and the Indian software industry
w16138 Guy Michaels
Ashwini Natraj
John Van Reenen

Has ICT Polarized Skill Demand? Evidence from Eleven Countries over 25 years
w16141 Oliver Falck
Christina Guenther
Stephan Heblich
William R. Kerr

From Russia with Love: The Impact of Relocated Firms on Incumbent Survival
w16113 Henry Sauermann
Paula E. Stephan

Twins or Strangers? Differences and Similarities between Industrial and Academic Science
w16043 John Fernald
Brent Neiman

Growth Accounting with Misallocation: Or, Doing Less with More in Singapore
w16046 Thomas J. Holmes
John J. Stevens

Exports, Borders, Distance, and Plant Size
w16051 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Are Increasing 5-Year Survival Rates Evidence of Success Against Cancer? A reexamination using data from the U.S. and Australia
w16030 David M. Cutler
Where Are The Health Care Entrepreneurs? The Failure of Organizational Innovation in Health Care
w16032 Nicholas Bloom
Carol Propper
Stephan Seiler
John Van Reenen

The Impact of Competition on Management Quality: Evidence from Public Hospitals
w16041 Alberto Galasso
Timothy S. Simcoe

CEO Overconfidence and Innovation
w16002 Benjamin Jones
As Science Evolves, How Can Science Policy?
w16010 Charles R. Hulten
Paul Schreyer

GDP, Technical Change, and the Measurement of Net Income: the Weitzman Model Revisited
w16014 Mark Trusheim
Murray L. Aitken
Ernst R. Berndt

Characterizing Markets for Biopharmaceutical Innovations: Do Biologics Differ from Small Molecules?
w16019 Nicholas Bloom
John Van Reenen

Human Resource Management and Productivity
w15959 Aamir Rafique Hashmi
Johannes Van Biesebroeck

Market Structure and Innovation: A Dynamic Analysis of the Global Automobile Industry
w15957 Thomas J. Holmes
John J. Stevens

An Alternative Theory of the Plant Size Distribution with an Application to Trade
w15918 Edward P. Lazear
Leadership: A Personnel Economics Approach
w15936 Robert E. Lipsey
Fredrik Sjöholm
Jing Sun

Foreign Ownership and Employment Growth in Indonesian Manufacturing
w15905 Shane Greenstein
Nurturing the Accumulation of Innovations: Lessons from the Internet
w15900 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Bent Sørensen
Vadym Volosovych

Deep Financial Integration and Volatility
w15878 Edward P. Lazear
Why Do Inventories Rise When Demand Falls in Housing and Other Markets?
w15880 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Has medical innovation reduced cancer mortality?
w15897 Casey B. Mulligan
Luke Threinen

The Marginal Products of Residential and Non-Residential Capital Through 2009
w15857 Jacques Mairesse
Pierre Mohnen

Using Innovations Surveys for Econometric Analysis
w15863 Douglas Gollin
Richard Rogerson

Agriculture, Roads, and Economic Development in Uganda
w15869 Jasjit Singh
Ajay K. Agrawal

Recruiting for Ideas: How Firms Exploit the Prior Inventions of New Hires
w15875 Bernard Harris
Roderick Floud
Robert W. Fogel
Sok Chul Hong

Diet, Health and Work Intensity in England and Wales, 1700-1914
w15839 Lauren Cohen
Joshua D. Coval
Christopher Malloy

Do Powerful Politicians Cause Corporate Downsizing?
w15851 Grid Thoma
Salvatore Torrisi
Alfonso Gambardella
Dominique Guellec
Bronwyn H. Hall
Dietmar Harhoff

Harmonizing and Combining Large Datasets - An Application to Firm-Level Patent and Accounting Data
w15831 William R. Kerr
Josh Lerner
Antoinette Schoar

The Consequences of Entrepreneurial Finance: A Regression Discontinuity Analysis
w15834 Robert J. Gordon
Revisiting U. S. Productivity Growth over the Past Century with a View of the Future
w15792 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Monika Schnitzer

Financial constraints and innovation: Why poor countries don't catch up
w15799 Charles R. Hulten
Decoding Microsoft: Intangible Capital as a Source of Company Growth
w15742 James J. Heckman
Bas Jacobs

Policies to Create and Destroy Human Capital in Europe
w15786 Liran Einav
Jonathan D. Levin

Empirical Industrial Organization: A Progress Report
w15768 William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

The Supply Side of Innovation: H-1B Visa Reforms and US Ethnic Invention
w15732 Richard Jensen
Jerry Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

University-Industry Spillovers, Government Funding, and Industrial Consulting
w15735 Efraim Benmelech
Nittai K. Bergman

Vintage Capital and Creditor Protection
w15712 Chad Syverson
What Determines Productivity?
w15673 David Popp
Innovation and Climate Policy
w15676 Ashish Arora
Alfonso Gambardella

Implications for Energy Innovation from the chemical industry
w15647 Virgiliu Midrigan
Daniel Yi Xu

Finance and Misallocation: Evidence from Plant-level Data
w15661 David W. Galenson
Innovators: Architects
w15632 Shai Bernstein
Josh Lerner
Morten Sørensen
Per Strömberg

Private Equity and Industry Performance
w15638 Oana Hirakawa
Marc-Andreas Muendler
James E. Rauch

Employee Spinoffs and Other Entrants: Stylized Facts from Brazil
2009
w15622 Bronwyn H. Hall
Jacques Mairesse
Pierre Mohnen

Measuring the Returns to R&D
w15623 Tanjim Hossain
John A. List

The Behavioralist Visits the Factory: Increasing Productivity Using Simple Framing Manipulations
w15619 Casey Ichniowski
Kathryn L. Shaw

Connective Capital as Social Capital: The Value of Problem-Solving Networks for Team Players in Firms
w15627 Ant Bozkaya
William R. Kerr

Labor Regulations and European Private Equity
w15618 Casey Ichniowski
Kathryn L. Shaw

Insider Econometrics: Empirical Studies of How Management Matters
w15598 Petra Moser
Alessandra Voena

Compulsory Licensing - Evidence from the Trading with the Enemy Act
w15577 Gilbert Cette
Yusuf Kocoglu
Jacques Mairesse

Productivity Growth and Levels in France, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States in the Twentieth Century
w15579 Susanto Basu
Luigi Pascali
Fabio Schiantarelli
Luis Serven

Productivity, Welfare and Reallocation: Theory and Firm-Level Evidence
w15532 Ashish Arora
Anand Nandkumar

Cash-out or flame-out! Opportunity cost and entrepreneurial strategy: Theory, and evidence from the information security industry
w15498 William Kerr
Ramana Nanda

Financing Constraints and Entrepreneurship
w15499 William Kerr
Ramana Nanda

Banking Deregulations, Financing Constraints, and Firm Entry Size
w15500 Haizheng Li
Barbara M. Fraumeni
Zhiqiang Liu
Xiaojun Wang

Human Capital In China
w15501 William Kerr
The Agglomeration of US Ethnic Inventors
w15507 Giovanni Peri
The Effect of Immigration on Productivity: Evidence from US States
w15508 James B. Davies
Susanna Sandström
Anthony B. Shorrocks
Edward N. Wolff

The Level and Distribution of Global Household Wealth
w15509 Wolfgang Keller
Stephen R. Yeaple

The Gravity of Knowledge
w15474 James Feyrer
The US Productivity Slowdown, the Baby Boom, and Management Quality
w15486 Carol McAusland
Peter J. Kuhn

Bidding for Brains: Intellectual Property Rights and the International Migration of Knowledge Workers
w15489 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The Role of Search in University Productivity: Inside, Outside, and Interdisciplinary Dimensions
w15490 Eric J. Bartelsman
John C. Haltiwanger
Stefano Scarpetta

Cross-Country Differences in Productivity: The Role of Allocation and Selection
w15466 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Gustavo Manso

Incentives and Creativity: Evidence from the Academic Life Sciences
w15468 Margaret Kyle
Anita McGahan

Investments in Pharmaceuticals Before and After TRIPS
w15437 Ajay K. Agrawal
Iain M. Cockburn
Carlos Rosell

Not Invented Here? Innovation in Company Towns
w15442 Wolfgang Keller
International Trade, Foreign Direct Investment, and Technology Spillovers
w15443 William R. Kerr
Breakthrough Inventions and Migrating Clusters of Innovation
w15423 David Popp
Richard G. Newell

Where Does Energy R&D Come From? Examining Crowding Out from Environmentally-Friendly R&D
w15428 Diego A. Comin
Norman Loayza
Farooq Pasha
Luis Serven

Medium Term Business Cycles in Developing Countries
w15433 Maxim Pinkovskiy
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Parametric Estimations of the World Distribution of Income
w15393 Lee Branstetter
Kamal Saggi

Intellectual Property Rights, Foreign Direct Investment, and Industrial Development
w15351 Robert J. Gordon
Misperceptions About the Magnitude and Timing of Changes in American Income Inequality
w15359 Emi Nakamura
Jón Steinsson

Lost in Transit: Product Replacement Bias and Pricing to Market
w15341 Charles R. Hulten
Growth Accounting
w15346 Tavneet Suri
Selection and Comparative Advantage in Technology Adoption
w15349 Klaus Desmet
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Spatial Development
w15312 Robert B. Barsky
Eric R. Sims

News Shocks
w15315 Carolin Haeussler
Lin Jiang
Jerry Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

Specific and General Information Sharing Among Academic Scientists
w15319 Diego A. Comin
Bart Hobijn

The CHAT Dataset
w15325 Bronwyn H. Hall
Josh Lerner

The Financing of R&D and Innovation
w15278 David Galenson
The Greatest Photographers of the Twentieth Century
w15285 Waverly W. Ding
Sharon G. Levin
Paula E. Stephan
Anne E. Winkler

The Impact of Information Technology on Scientists' Productivity, Quality and Collaboration Patterns
w15214 David M. Cutler
Robert S. Huckman
Jonathan T. Kolstad

Input Constraints and the Efficiency of Entry: Lessons from Cardiac Surgery
w15233 James D. Adams
Is the U.S. Losing Its Preeminence in Higher Education?
w15210 Patrick Bajari
Jeremy T. Fox
Kyoo il Kim
Stephen P. Ryan

A Simple Nonparametric Estimator for the Distribution of Random Coefficients
w15198 Jan De Loecker
Frederic Warzynski

Markups and firm-level export status
w15162 Christopher R. Knittel
Automobiles on Steroids: Product Attribute Trade-Offs and Technological Progress in the Automobile Sector
w15129 Nicholas Bloom
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

The organization of firms across countries
w15147 Jeremy T. Fox
Amit Gandhi

Identifying Heterogeneity in Economic Choice Models
w15152 Loren Brandt
Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Yifan Zhang

Creative Accounting or Creative Destruction? Firm-level Productivity Growth in Chinese Manufacturing
w15117 Michael W. L. Elsby
Matthew D. Shapiro

Stepping Off the Wage Escalator: The Effects of Wage Growth on Equilibrium Employment
w15102 Henry Chen
Paul Gompers
Anna Kovner
Josh Lerner

Buy Local? The Geography of Successful and Unsuccessful Venture Capital Expansion
w15094 Charles I. Jones
Paul M. Romer

The New Kaldor Facts: Ideas, Institutions, Population, and Human Capital
w15060 Ryan Kellogg
Learning by Drilling: Inter-Firm Learning and Relationship Persistence in the Texas Oilpatch
w15061 Ryan L. Lampe
Petra Moser

Do Patent Pools Encourage Innovation? Evidence from the 19th-Century Sewing Machine Industry
w15029 Diego A. Comin
Mark Gertler
Ana Maria Santacreu

Technology Innovation and Diffusion as Sources of Output and Asset Price Fluctuations
w14975 Nicholas Bloom
Luis Garicano
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

The distinct effects of Information Technology and Communication Technology on firm organization
w14960 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

Extensive and Intensive Investment over the Business Cycle
w14946 Michael Schwarz
Yuri Takhteyev

Half a Century of Public Software Institutions: Open Source as a Solution to Hold-Up Problem
w14935 Marcela Eslava
John C. Haltiwanger
Adriana D. Kugler
Maurice Kugler

Trade Reforms and Market Selection: Evidence from Manufacturing Plants in Colombia
w14920 Jennifer Hunt
Which Immigrants Are Most Innovative and Entrepreneurial? Distinctions by Entry Visa
w14856 Thomas J. Holmes
Julia Thornton Snider

A Theory of Outsourcing and Wage Decline
w14865 Jonathan Skinner
Douglas Staiger

Technology Diffusion and Productivity Growth in Health Care
w14868 Bronwyn H. Hall
Business and Financial Method Patents, Innovation, and Policy
w14832 David Popp
Richard G. Newell
Adam B. Jaffe

Energy, the Environment, and Technological Change
w14797 Albert Link
Christopher Ruhm

Public Knowledge, Private Knowledge: The Intellectual Capital of Entrepreneurs
w14769 Philippe Aghion
John Van Reenen
Luigi Zingales

Innovation and Institutional Ownership
w14750 Chris Forman
Avi Goldfarb
Shane Greenstein

The Internet and Local Wages: Convergence or Divergence?
w14758 Shane Greenstein
Ryan C. McDevitt

The Broadband Bonus: Accounting for Broadband Internet's Impact on U.S. GDP
w14736 Barbara M. Fraumeni
The Contribution of Highways to GDP Growth
w14737 Gautam Gowrisankaran
Marc Rysman

Dynamics of Consumer Demand for New Durable Goods
w14714 Bronwyn H. Hall
Grid Thoma
Salvatore Torrisi

Financial Patenting in Europe
w14704 Thomas J. Holmes
Sanghoon Lee

Economies of Density versus Natural Advantage: Crop Choice on the Back Forty
w14670 Bee Yan Aw
Mark J. Roberts
Daniel Yi Xu

R&D Investment, Exporting, and Productivity Dynamics
w14661 Hanno Lustig
Chad Syverson
Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

Technological Change and the Growing Inequality in Managerial Compensation
w14638 William D. Nordhaus
The Perils of the Learning Model For Modeling Endogenous Technological Change
2008
w14615 Susanto Basu
Robert Inklaar
J. Christina Wang

The Value of Risk: Measuring the Service Output of U.S. Commercial Banks
w14614 J. Christina Wang
Susanto Basu

Risk Bearing, Implicit Financial Services and Specialization in the Financial Industry
w14616 J. Christina Wang
Susanto Basu
John G. Fernald

A General-Equilibrium Asset-Pricing Approach to the Measurement of Nominal and Real Bank Output
w14623 Josh Lerner
Morten Sørensen
Per Strömberg

Private Equity and Long-Run Investment: The Case of Innovation
w14626 Wolfgang Keller
Stephen R. Yeaple

Global Production and Trade in the Knowledge Economy
w14580 Loretti I. Dobrescu
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Alberto F. Motta

Why Aren't Developed Countries Saving?
w14602 Matthew J. Higgins
Paula E. Stephan
Jerry G. Thursby

Conveying Quality and Value in Emerging Industries: Star Scientists and the Role of Learning in Biotechnology
w14606 Eli Berman
Jacob N. Shapiro
Joseph H. Felter

Can Hearts and Minds Be Bought? The Economics of Counterinsurgency in Iraq
w14610 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum
Francis Kramarz

An Anatomy of International Trade: Evidence from French Firms
w14548 Charles R. Hulten
Xiaohui Hao

What is a Company Really Worth? Intangible Capital and the "Market to Book Value" Puzzle
w14577 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Jialan Wang

Superstar Extinction
w14592 Ajay Agrawal
Devesh Kapur
John McHale

Brain Drain or Brain Bank? The Impact of Skilled Emigration on Poor-Country Innovation
w14594 Bronwyn H. Hall
Francesca Lotti
Jacques Mairesse

Innovation and Productivity in SMEs: Empirical Evidence for Italy
w14552 Jacques Mairesse
Benoit Mulkay

An Exploration of Local R&D Spillovers in France
w14558 M. Ayhan Kose
Eswar S. Prasad
Marco E. Terrones

Does Openness to International Financial Flows Raise Productivity Growth?
w14560 Robert J. Gordon
Did Economics Cause World War II?
w14575 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The NBER-Rensselaer Scientific Papers Database: Form, Nature, and Function
w14527 Hans Fehr
Sabine Jokisch
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Dynamic Globalization and Its Potentially Alarming Prospects for Low-Wage Workers
w14509 Diego A. Comin
An Exploration of the Japanese Slowdown during the 1990s
w14477 Alla Lileeva
Johannes Van Biesebroeck

Outsourcing when Investments are Specific and Complementary
w14481 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Jan Svejnar
Katherine Terrell

Globalization and innovation in emerging markets
w14454 Matteo Bugamelli
Fabiano Schivardi
Roberta Zizza

The Euro and Firm Restructuring
w14433 Rachel Griffith
Ephraim Leibtag
Andrew Leicester
Aviv Nevo

Timing and Quantity of Consumer Purchases and the Consumer Price Index
w14434 Aviv Nevo
Adam M. Rosen

Identification with Imperfect Instruments
w14436 Liran Einav
Ephraim Leibtag
Aviv Nevo

Not-so-Classical Measurement Errors: A Validation Study of Homescan
w14443 Henry Sauermann
Wesley M. Cohen

What Makes Them Tick? Employee Motives and Firm Innovation
w14394 Nicholas Bloom
Christos Genakos
Ralf Martin
Raffaella Sadun

Modern Management: Good for the Environment or just Hot Air?
w14368 Timothy Erickson
Ariel Pakes

An Experimental Component Index for the CPI: From Annual Computer Data to Monthly Data on Other Goods
w14324 Josh Lerner
The Litigation of Financial Innovations
w14286 Mary Lovely
David Popp

Trade, Technology, and the Environment: Why Have Poor Countries Regulated Sooner?
w14257 Alan M. Garber
Jonathan Skinner

Is American Health Care Uniquely Inefficient?
w14216 Rupert Harrison
Jordi Jaumandreu
Jacques Mairesse
Bettina Peters

Does Innovation Stimulate Employment? A Firm-Level Analysis Using Comparable Micro-Data from Four European Countries
w14226 Emmanuel Dechenaux
Jerry Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

Inventor Moral Hazard in University Licensing: The Role of Contracts
w14178 Ana M. Fernandes
Ariel Pakes

Factor Utilization in Indian Manufacturing: A Look at the World Bank Investment Climate Surveys Data
w14166 Maris Goldmanis
Ali Hortacsu
Chad Syverson
Onsel Emre

E-commerce and the Market Structure of Retail Industries
w14138 Benjamin F. Jones
The Knowledge Trap: Human Capital and Development Reconsidered
w14121 Robert E. Lipsey
Measuring the Location of Production in a World of Intangible Productive Assets, FDI, and Intrafirm Trade
w14108 Maria Elena Bontempi
Jacques Mairesse

Intangible Capital and Productivity: An Exploration on a Panel of Italian Manufacturing Firms
w14116 Eric Bond
James R. Tybout
Hâle Utar

Credit Rationing, Risk Aversion and Industrial Evolution in Developing Countries
w14117 Ariel Pakes
Theory and Empirical Work on Imperfectly Competitive Markets
w14099 Barbara M. Fraumeni
Marshall B. Reinsdorf
Brooks B. Robinson
Matthew P. Williams

Price and Real Output Measures for the Education Function of Government: Exploratory Estimates for Primary & Secondary Education
w14079 Ram C. Acharya
Wolfgang Keller

Estimating the Productivity Selection and Technology Spillover Effects of Imports
w14057 Albert N. Link
Christopher J. Ruhm

Bringing Science to Market: Commercializing from NIH SBIR Awards
w14043 Shih-tse Lo
Dhanoos Sutthiphisal

Crossover Inventions And Knowledge Diffusion Of General Purpose Technologies? Evidence From The Electrical Technology
w14018 W. Erwin Diewert
Saeed Heravi
Mick Silver

Hedonic Imputation versus Time Dummy Hedonic Indexes
w14020 Kam Yu
Measuring the Output and Prices of the Lottery Sector: An Application of Implicit Expected Utility Theory
w14029 James A. Brander
Edward Egan
Thomas F. Hellmann

Government Sponsored versus Private Venture Capital: Canadian Evidence
w13998 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

Specific Capital and Technological Variety
w14000 Boyan Jovanovic
When Should Firms Invest in Old Capital?
w14005 David Galenson
The Globalization of Advanced Art in the Twentieth Century
w14008 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Have Newer Cardiovascular Drugs Reduced Hospitalization? Evidence From Longitudinal Country-Level Data on 20 OECD Countries, 1995-2003
w14009 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Gautier Duflos

Pharmaceutical innovation and the longevity of Australians: a first look
w13975 Sabien Dobbelaere
Jacques Mairesse

Panel Data Estimates Of The Production Function And Product And Labor Market Imperfections
w13938 Carlos J. Serrano
The Dynamics of the Transfer and Renewal of Patents
w13953 Martin S. Feldstein
Did Wages Reflect Growth in Productivity?
w13959 Gustavo Crespi
Chiara Criscuolo
Jonathan E. Haskel
Matthew Slaughter

Productivity Growth, Knowledge Flows, and Spillovers
w13857 Margaret E. Blume-Kohout
Neeraj Sood

The Impact of Medicare Part D on Pharmaceutical R&D
w13864 Thomas J. Holmes
David K. Levine
James A. Schmitz
Jr.

Monopoly and the Incentive to Innovate When Adoption Involves Switchover Disruptions
w13835 Bronwyn H. Hall
Alessandro Maffioli

Evaluating the Impact of Technology Development Funds in Emerging Economies: Evidence from Latin America
w13840 Ian Dew-Becker
Robert J. Gordon

The Role of Labor Market Changes in the Slowdown of European Productivity Growth
w13833 Michael Greenstone
Richard Hornbeck
Enrico Moretti

Identifying Agglomeration Spillovers: Evidence from Million Dollar Plants
w13823 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The Origins of Industrial Scientific Discoveries
w13783 Thomas J. Holmes
The Diffusion of Wal-Mart and Economies of Density
w13786 Joseph Chen
Samuel Hanson
Harrison Hong
Jeremy C. Stein

Do Hedge Funds Profit From Mutual-Fund Distress?
w13760 Nick Johnstone
Ivan Hascic
David Popp

Renewable Energy Policies And Technological Innovation: Evidence Based On Patent Counts
w13725 Eli Berman
David D. Laitin

Religion, Terrorism and Public Goods: Testing the Club Model
2007
w13698 Hiau Looi Kee
Kala Krishna

Firm Level Heterogeneous Productivity and Demand Shocks: Evidence from Bangladesh
w13686 Jan Eeckhout
Boyan Jovanovic

Occupational Choice and Development
w13666 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Using Firm Optimization to Evaluate and Estimate Returns to Scale
w13644 Iain M. Cockburn
Megan MacGarvie

Patents, Thickets, and the Financing of Early-Stage Firms: Evidence from the Software Industry
w13651 Ann Bartel
Casey Ichniowski
Kathryn Shaw
Ricardo Correa

International Differences in the Adoption and Impact of New Information Technologies and New HR Practices: The Valve-Making Industry in the U.S. and U.K.
w13652 Kathryn Shaw
Edward P. Lazear

Tenure and Output
w13653 Edward P. Lazear
Kathryn L. Shaw

Personnel Economics: The Economist's View of Human Resources
w13654 Edward P. Lazear
Kathryn L. Shaw

Wage Structure, Raises and Mobility: International Comparisons of the Structure of Wages Within and Across Firms
w13632 Timothy S. Simcoe
Stuart J.H. Graham
Maryann Feldman

Competing on Standards? Entrepreneurship, Intellectual Property and the Platform Paradox
w13633 Boris Groysberg
Ashish Nanda
M. Julia Prats

Does Individual Performance Affect Entrepreneurial Mobility? Empirical Evidence from the Financial Analysis Market
w13592 Jeremy Greenwood
Karen A. Kopecky

Measuring the Welfare Gain from Personal Computers: A Macroeconomic Approach
w13547 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Star Scientists, Innovation and Regional and National Immigration
w13519 Brian Jacob
Lars Lefgren

The Impact of Research Grant Funding on Scientific Productivity
w13500 Paul Beaudry
Patrick Francois

The Economics of Inefficient Technology Use
w13459 John M. de Figueiredo
Brian S. Silverman

How Does the Government (Want to) Fund Science? Politics, Lobbying and Academic Earmarks
w13469 Charles R. Hulten
Anders Isaksson

Why Development Levels Differ: The Sources of Differential Economic Growth in a Panel of High and Low Income Countries
w13473 Bronwyn H. Hall
Measuring the Returns to R&D: The Depreciation Problem
w13426 Bronwyn H. Hall
Grid Thoma
Salvatore Torrisi

The market value of patents and R&D: Evidence from European firms
w13439 David Popp
Tamara Hafner
Nick Johnstone

Policy vs. Consumer Pressure: Innovation and Diffusion of Alternative Bleaching Technologies in the Pulp Industry
w13405 Thomas Philippon
Why Has the U.S. Financial Sector Grown so Much? The Role of Corporate Finance.
w13385 Nicholas Bloom
The Impact of Uncertainty Shocks
w13351 Giulia Faggio
Kjell Salvanes
John Van Reenen

The Evolution of Inequality in Productivity and Wages: Panel Data Evidence
w13320 Boyan Jovanovic
Bubbles in Prices of Exhaustible Resources
w13338 Rachel Griffith
Sokbae Lee
John Van Reenen

Is Distance Dying at Last? Falling Home Bias in Fixed Effects Models of Patent Citations
w13322 Mary Benner
Joel Waldfogel

Close to You? Bias and Precision in Patent-Based Measures of Technological Proximity
w13326 Andrew Atkeson
Ariel Burstein

Innovation, firm dynamics, and international trade
w13296 Bronwyn H. Hall
Francesca Lotti
Jacques Mairesse

Employment, Innovation, and Productivity: Evidence from Italian Microdata
w13298 Tae Okada
Charles Yuji Horioka

A Comment on Nishimura, Nakajima, and Kiyota's "Does the natural selection mechanism still work in severe recessions? Examination of the Japanese economy in the 1990s"
w13302 Klaus Desmet
Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

Spatial Growth and Industry Age
w13306 Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Wage and Productivity Premiums in Sub-Saharan Africa
w13307 Boyan Jovanovic
Investment Options and the Business Cycle
w13297 Alla Lileeva
Daniel Trefler

Improved Access to Foreign Markets Raises Plant-Level Productivity ... for Some Plants
w13290 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Peter J. Klenow

Misallocation and Manufacturing TFP in China and India
w13294 Petra Moser
Why Don't Inventors Patent?
w13269 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
Theofanis P. Mamuneas

Irreversible Investment, Capital Costs and Productivity Growth: Implications for Telecommunications
w13272 Glenn Ellison
Is Peer Review in Decline?
w13256 Jerry Thursby
Anne Fuller
Marie Thursby

US Faculty Patenting: Inside and Outside the University
w13232 Sharon Novak
Scott Stern

Complementarity Among Vertical Integration Decisions: Evidence from Automobile Product Development
w13234 Joshua S. Gans
David H. Hsu
Scott Stern

The Impact of Uncertain Intellectual Property Rights on the Market For Ideas: Evidence From Patent Grant Delays
w13235 Sharon Novak
Scott Stern

How Does Outsourcing Affect Performance Dynamics? Evidence from the Automobile Industry
w13239 Robert E. Lipsey
Birgitta Swedenborg

Explaining Product Price Differences Across Countries
w13212 Thomas J. Holmes
Michael Walrath

Dynamics of Union Organizations: A Look at Gross Flows in the LORS Files
w13226 Steven J. Davis
John Haltiwanger
Ron S. Jarmin
C. J. Krizan
Javier Miranda
Alfred Nucci
Kristin Sandusky

Measuring the Dynamics of Young and Small Businesses: Integrating the Employer and Nonemployer Universes
w13172 Sinan Aral
Erik Brynjolfsson
Marshall Van Alstyne

Information, Technology and Information Worker Productivity: Task Level Evidence
w13146 Iain M. Cockburn
Stefan Wagner

Patents and the Survival of Internet-related IPOs
w13153 Deepak Hegde
David C. Mowery
Stuart Graham

Pioneers, Submariners, or Thicket-builders: Which Firms Use Continuations in Patenting?
w13155 Jan De Loecker
Product Differentiation, Multi-product Firms and Estimating the Impact of Trade Liberalization on Productivity
w13156 Lisa M. Lynch
The Adoption and Diffusion of Organizational Innovation: Evidence for the U.S. Economy
w13158 Shane Greenstein
Economic Experiments and Neutrality in Internet Access
w13162 Lena Edlund
Wojciech Kopczuk

Women, Wealth and Mobility
w13116 Sandra E. Black
Alexandra Spitz-Oener

Explaining Women's Success: Technological Change and the Skill Content of Women's Work
w13118 Laura Alfaro
Andrew Charlton

International Financial Integration and Entrepreneurial Firm Activity
w13085 Nicholas Bloom
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

Americans Do I.T. Better: US Multinationals and the Productivity Miracle
w13086 Ram C. Acharya
Wolfgang Keller

Technology Transfer through Imports
w13060 Nicholas Bloom
Mark Schankerman
John Van Reenen

Identifying Technology Spillovers and Product Market Rivalry
w13053 William A. Pizer
David Popp

Endogenizing Technological Change: Matching Empirical Evidence to Modeling Needs
w13057 Kevin H. O'Rourke
Ahmed S. Rahman
Alan M. Taylor

Trade, Knowledge, and the Industrial Revolution
w13033 Lee Branstetter
Raymond Fisman
C. Fritz Foley
Kamal Saggi

Intellectual Property Rights, Imitation, and Foreign Direct Investment: Theory and Evidence
w13035 Robert Dekle
Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Unbalanced Trade
w13043 John M. Abowd
John Haltiwanger
Julia Lane
Kevin L. McKinney
Kristin Sandusky

Technology and the Demand for Skill:An Analysis of Within and Between Firm Differences
w13018 Diego Restuccia
Richard Rogerson

Policy Distortions and Aggregate Productivity with Heterogeneous Plants
w13015 Susan Helper
Morris M. Kleiner

International Differences in Lean Production, Productivity and Employee Attitudes
w13016 James J. Heckman
Dimitriy V. Masterov

The Productivity Argument for Investing in Young Children
w12968 Margaret K. Kyle
Strategic Responses to Parallel Trade
w12894 Ali Hortacsu
Chad Syverson

Cementing Relationships: Vertical Integration, Foreclosure, Productivity, and Prices
w12886 Diego Comin
Bart Hobijn

Implementing Technology
w12871 Jess Benhabib
Boyan Jovanovic

Optimal Migration: A World Perspective
w12874 Boyan Jovanovic
Balàzs Szentes

On the Return to Venture Capital
w12878 Wei Chi
Richard B. Freeman
Morris M. Kleiner

Adoption and Termination of Employee Involvement Programs
w12860 David H. Autor
William R. Kerr
Adriana D. Kugler

Do Employment Protections Reduce Productivity? Evidence from U.S. States
w12841 Nicholas Bloom
Uncertainty and the Dynamics of R&D
w12823 Ajay Agrawal
Devesh Kapur
John McHale

Birds of a Feather - Better Together? Exploring the Optimal Spatial Distribution of Ethnic Inventors
w12829 Sean M. Dougherty
Robert Inklaar
Robert H. McGuckin
Bart van Ark

International Comparisons of R&D Expenditure: Does an R&D PPP Make a Difference?
a0666 Ernst R. Berndt
Productivity
2006
w12812 Ajay K. Agrawal
Avi Goldfarb

Restructuring Research: Communication Costs and the Democratization of University Innovation
w12775 Daron Acemoglu
Ufuk Akcigit

State-Dependent Intellectual Property Rights Policy
w12757 Amil Petrin
Jagadeesh Sivadasan

Job Security Does Affect Economic Efficiency: Theory, A New Statistic, and Evidence from Chile
w12756 Andre Bonfrer
Ernst R. Berndt
Alvin Silk

Anomalies in Estimates of Cross-Price Elasticities for Marketing Mix Models: Theory and Empirical Test
w12714 David W. Galenson
Painting by Proxy: The Conceptual Artist as Manufacturer
w12722 Rachel Griffith
Elena Huergo
Jacques Mairesse
Bettina Peters

Innovation and Productivity across Four European Countries
w12692 Jinyoung Kim
Sangjoon John Lee
Gerald Marschke

International Knowledge Flows: Evidence from an Inventor-Firm Matched Data Set
w12694 Markus Mobius
Raphael Schoenle

The Evolution of Work
w12700 Cyrus C. M. Mody
Instruments of Commerce and Knowledge: Probe Microscopy, 1980-2000
w12677 Diego A. Comin
Bart Hobijn
Emilie Rovito

World Technology Usage Lags
w12683 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The Growing Allocative Inefficiency of the U.S. Higher Education Sector
w12669 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Jonathan Furner
Robert C. Liu
Hongyan Ma

Minerva Unbound: Knowledge Stocks, Knowledge Flows and New Knowledge Production
w12657 Diego Comin
William Easterly
Erick Gong

Was the Wealth of Nations Determined in 1000 B.C.?
w12640 Carlos Rosell
Ajay Agrawal

University Patenting: Estimating the Diminishing Breadth of Knowledge Diffusion and Consumption
w12563 Iain M. Cockburn
Megan J. MacGarvie

Entry and Patenting in the Software Industry
w12539 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Importation and Innovation
w12544 Jorge Braga de Macedo
Joaquim Oliveira Martins

Growth, Reform Indicators and Policy Complementaries
w12521 Paul Beaudry
Mark Doms
Ethan Lewis

Endogenous Skill Bias in Technology Adoption: City-Level Evidence from the IT Revolution
w12523 Jeffrey L. Furman
Scott Stern

Climbing Atop the Shoulders of Giants: The Impact of Institutions on Cumulative Research
w12526 E. Han Kim
Adair Morse
Luigi Zingales

What Has Mattered to Economics Since 1970
w12522 Laura Alfaro
Areendam Chanda
Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Selin Sayek

How Does Foreign Direct Investment Promote Economic Growth? Exploring the Effects of Financial Markets on Linkages
w12520 Boyan Jovanovic
Chung-Yi Tse

Creative Destruction in Industries
w12509 Jeffrey L. Furman
Margaret K. Kyle
Iain M. Cockburn
Rebecca Henderson

Public & Private Spillovers, Location and the Productivity of Pharmaceutical Research
w12514 Christopher House
Matthew D. Shapiro

Temporary Investment Tax Incentives: Theory with Evidence from Bonus Depreciation
w12479 Manuel Trajtenberg
Gil Shiff
Ran Melamed

The "Names Game": Harnessing Inventors' Patent Data for Economic Research
w12488 Daniel A. Ackerberg
Gautam Gowrisankaran

Quantifying Equilibrium Network Externalities in the ACH Banking Industry
w12457 Beata Smarzynska Javorcik
Wolfgang Keller
James R. Tybout

Openness and Industrial Responses in a Wal-Mart World: A Case Study of Mexican Soaps, Detergents and Surfactant Producers
w12459 James D. Adams
Roger Clemmons

Science and Industry: Tracing the Flow of Basic Research through Manufacturing and Trade
w12460 Gayle Allard
Peter H. Lindert

Euro-Productivity and Euro-Jobs since the 1960s: Which Institutions Really Mattered?
w12469 Dhanoos Sutthiphisal
Learning-by-Producing and the Geographic Links Between Invention and Production: Experience From the Second Industrial Revolution
w12440 Susana Iranzo
Giovanni Peri

Schooling Externalities, Technology and Productivity: Theory and Evidence from U.S. States
w12443 Gautam Gowrisankaran
John Krainer

The Welfare Consequences of ATM Surcharges: Evidence from a Structural Entry Model
w12435 Fredrik Andersson
Matthew Freedman
John C. Haltiwanger
Julia Lane
Kathryn L. Shaw

Reaching for the Stars: Who Pays for Talent in Innovative Industries?
w12406 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Impact of Increased Utilization of HIV Drugs on Longevity and Medical Expenditures: An Assessment Based on Aggregate U.S. Time-Series Data
w12383 Nick Bloom
John Van Reenen
Stephen Bond

Uncertainty and Investment Dynamics
w12385 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Innovation, Diffusion, and Trade
w12318 James Heckman
Contributions of Zvi Griliches
w12320 Bronwyn H. Hall
Jacques Mairesse

Empirical Studies of Innovation in the Knowledge Driven Economy
w12314 Diego Comin
Bart Hobiijn

An Exploration of Technology Diffusion
w12280 Pierre Mohnen
Jacques Mairesse
Marcel Dagenais

Innovativity: A Comparison Across Seven European Countries
w12268 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Matthew D. Shapiro

Monetary Policy When Potential Output is Uncertain: Understanding the Growth Gamble of the 1990s
w12216 Nick Bloom
John Van Reenen

Measuring and Explaining Management Practices Across Firms and Countries
w12217 Irene Brambilla
Multinationals, Technology, and the Introduction of Varieties of Goods
w12218 William D. Nordhaus
Baumol's Diseases: A Macroeconomic Perspective
w12226 Joshua Aizenman
Ilan Noy

Prizes for Basic Research -- Human Capital, Economic Might and the Shadow of History
w12231 Chad Syverson
Prices, Spatial Competition, and Heterogenous Producers: An Empirical Test
w12195 Bronwyn H. Hall
Megan MacGarvie

The Private Value of Software Patents
w12182 Shane Greenstein
Jeff Prince

The Diffusion of the Internet and the Geography of the Digital Divide in the United States
w12185 David W. Galenson
Analyzing Artistic Innovation: The Greatest Breakthroughs of the Twentieth Century
w12131 Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Complementarities in Automobile Production
w12148 Stephen M. Maurer
Suzanne Scotchmer

Open Source Software: The New Intellectual Property Paradigm
w12172 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Movement of Star Scientists and Engineers and High-Tech Firm Entry
w12119 David Popp
Exploring Links Between Innovation and Diffusion: Adoption of NOx Control Technologies at U.S. Coal-Fired Power Plants
w12120 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Impact of New Laboratory Procedures and Other Medical Innovations on the Health of Americans, 1990-2003: Evidence from Longitudinal, Disease-Level Data
w12094 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker

Innovation, Competition and Welfare-Enhancing Monopoly
w12080 Alan M. Garber
Charles I. Jones
Paul M. Romer

Insurance and Incentives for Medical Innovation
w12081 Fumio Hayashi
Edward C. Prescott

The Depressing Effect of Agricultural Institutions on the Prewar Japanese Economy
w12044 Andrew K. Rose
Mark Spiegel

Offshore Financial Centers: Parasites or Symbionts?
w12058 David W. Galenson
The Most Important Works of Art of the Twentieth Century
w12027 Philippe Aghion
Richard Blundell
Rachel Griffith
Peter Howitt
Susanne Prantl

The Effects of Entry on Incumbent Innovation and Productivity
w11994 Austan Goolsbee
The Value of Broadband and the Deadweight Loss of Taxing New Technology
w11995 Austan Goolsbee
Peter J. Klenow

Valuing Consumer Products by the Time Spent Using Them: An Application to the Internet
w11997 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons
Paula E. Stephan

How Rapidly Does Science Leak Out?
w11944 Josh Lerner
Julie Wulf

Innovation and Incentives: Evidence from Corporate R&D
w11948 Carol A. Corrado
Charles R. Hulten
Daniel E. Sichel

Intangible Capital and Economic Growth
w11949 Daron Acemoglu
David Cutler
Amy Finkelstein
Joshua Linn

Did Medicare Induce Pharmaceutical Innovation?
w11926 Mary Amiti
Shang-Jin Wei

Service Offshoring and Productivity: Evidence from the United States
w11928 Diego Comin
Bart Hobijn
Emilie Rovito

Five Facts You Need to Know About Technology Diffusion
w11931 Jeremy Atack
Fred Bateman
Robert Margo

Steam Power, Establishment Size, and Labor Productivity Growth in Nineteenth Century American Manufacturing
w11917 Pierre Azoulay
Waverly Ding
Toby Stuart

The Impact of Academic Patenting on the Rate, Quality, and Direction of (Public) Research Output
2005
w11889 William Nordhaus
Life After Kyoto: Alternative Approaches to Global Warming
w11900 Gabriel Weintraub
C. Lanier Benkard
Ben Van Roy

Markov Perfect Industry Dynamics with Many Firms
w11875 John A. Vernon
W. Keener Hughen

The Future of Drug Development: The Economics of Pharmacogenomics
w11885 Robert C. Feenstra
Barbara J. Spencer

Contractual Versus Generic Outsourcing: The Role of Proximity
w11887 Amil Petrin
James Levinsohn

Measuring Aggregate Productivity Growth Using Plant-Level Data
w11845 Daron Acemoglu
Equilibrium Bias of Technology
w11849 Rebecca Henderson
Sarah Kaplan

Inertia and Incentives: Bridging Organizational Economics and Organizational Theory
w11809 Jerry Hausman
Ephraim Leibtag

Consumer Benefits from Increased Competition in Shopping Outlets: Measuring the Effect of Wal-Mart
w11810 Tomas J. Philipson
Anupam B. Jena

Who Benefits from New Medical Technologies? Estimates of Consumer and Producer Surpluses for HIV/AIDS Drugs
jorg05-1 Dale Jorgenson
Takeo Hoshi
and Masahiro Kuroda
organizers

Enhancing Productivity (NBER-CEPR-TCER-Keio conference)
w11776 Robert J. Gordon
Todd vanGoethem

A Century of Housing Shelter Prices: Is There a Downward Bias in the CPI?
w11800 Dale W. Jorgenson
Koji Nomura

The Industry Origins of Japanese Economic Growth
w11801 Dale W. Jorgenson
Kazuyuki Motohashi

Information Technology and the Japanese Economy
w11773 Ann P. Bartel
Casey Ichniowski
Kathryn L. Shaw

How Does Information Technology Really Affect Productivity? Plant-Level Comparisons of Product Innovation, Process Improvement and Worker Skills
w11774 Bee Yan Aw
Mark J. Roberts
Tor Winston

The Complementary Role of Exports and R&D Investments as Sources of Productivity Growth
w11739 Bronwyn H. Hall
Jacques Mairesse
Laure Turner

Identifying Age, Cohort and Period Effects in Scientific Research Productivity: Discussion and Illustration Using Simulated and Actual Data on French Physicists
w11749 Fumio Hayashi
Koji Nomura

Can IT be Japan's Savior?
w11724 Tomas J. Philipson
Ernst R. Berndt
Adrian H. B. Gottschalk
Matthew W. Strobeck

Assessing the Safety and Efficacy of the FDA: The Case of the Prescription Drug User Fee Acts
w11710 Bruce Fallick
Charles A. Fleischmann
James B. Rebitzer

Job Hopping in Silicon Valley: Some Evidence Concerning the Micro-Foundations of a High Technology Cluster
w11654 Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

The Decline of the Independent Inventor: A Schumpterian Story?
w11656 Marcela Eslava
John Haltiwanger
Adriana Kugler
Maurice Kugler

Factor Adjustments After Deregulation: Panel Evidence from Colombian Plants
w11639 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka
Hui Tong

Bilateral FDI Flows: Threshold Barriers and Productivity Shocks
w11642 Chris Forman
Avi Goldfarb
Shane Greenstein

Technology Adoption In and Out of Major Urban Areas: When Do Internal Firm Resources Matter Most?
w11623 Richard B. Freeman
Tanwin Chang
Hanley Chiang

Supporting "The Best and Brightest" in Science and Engineering: NSF Graduate Research Fellowships
khan05-1 B. Zorina Khan
The Democratization of Invention: Patents and Copyrights in American Economic Development, 1790-1920
w11561 Lee Branstetter
Yoshiaki Ogura

Is Academic Science Driving a Surge in Industrial Innovation? Evidence from Patent Citations
w11571 Diego Puga
Daniel Trefler

Wake Up and Smell the Ginseng: The Rise of Incremental Innovation in Low-Wage Countries
w11575 Peter K. Schott
Andrew B. Bernard
Stephen J. Redding

Products and Productivity
w11555 Lucia Foster
John Haltiwanger
Chad Syverson

Reallocation, Firm Turnover, and Efficiency: Selection on Productivity or Profitability?
w11557 Ernst R. Berndt
Alisa B. Busch
Richard G. Frank
Sharon-Lise Normand

Real Output in Mental Health Care During the 1990s
corr05-1 Carol Corrado
John Haltiwanger and Dan Sichel
editors

Measuring Capital in the New Economy
w11532 Yooki Park
Suzanne Scotchmer

Digital Rights Management and the Pricing of Digital Products
w11540 Yosuke Okada
Competition and Productivity in Japanese Manufacturing Industries
w11542 Philippe Aghion
Mathias Dewatripont
Jeremy C. Stein

Academic Freedom, Private-Sector Focus, and the Process of Innovation
w11545 David W. Galenson
The Methods and Careers of Leading American Painters in the late Nineteenth Century
w11497 Marie Thursby
Jerry Thursby
Swasti Gupta-Mukherjee

Are There Real Effects of Licensing on Academic Research? A Life Cycle View
w11516 Lee Branstetter
Raymond Fisman
C. Fritz Foley

Do Stronger Intellectual Property Rights Increase International Technology Transfer? Empirical Evidence from U.S. Firm-Level Data
w11524 Laura Bottazzi
Giovanni Peri

The International Dynamics of R&D and Innovation in the Short and in the Long Run
w11486 David W. Galenson
Joshua Kotin

Filming Images or Filming Reality: The Life Cycles of Movie Directors from D.W. Griffith to Federico Fellini
w11479 Chiara Criscuolo
Jonathan E. Haskel
Matthew J. Slaughter

Global Engagement and the Innovation Activities of Firms
w11475 Celestine Chukumba
Richard Jensen

University Invention, Entrepreneurship, and Start-Ups
w11447 Jinyoung Kim
Sangjoon John Lee
Gerald Marschke

The Influence of University Research on Industrial Innovation
w11450 Andrew A. Toole
Dirk Czarnitzki

Biomedical Academic Entrepreneurship Through the SBIR Program
w11457 Richard B. Freeman
Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership?
w11460 Thomas Hellmann
The Role of Patents for Bridging the Science to Market Gap
w11465 Fiona Murray
Scott Stern

Do Formal Intellectual Property Rights Hinder the Free Flow of Scientific Knowledge? An Empirical Test of the Anti-Commons Hypothesis
w11470 Megan MacGarvie
Jeffrey L. Furman

Early Academis Science and the Birth of Industrial Research Laboratories in the U.S. Pharmaceutical Industry
w11425 Ernst R. Berndt
Adrian H. B. Gottschalk
Matthew W. Strobeck

Opportunities for Improving the Drug Development Process: Results from a Survey of Industry and the FDA
w11415 David Popp
They Don't Invent Them Like They Used To: An Examination of Energy Patent Citations Over Time
w11373 Jiro Nemoto
Mika Goto

Productivity, Efficiency, Scale Economies and Technical Change: A New Decomposition Analysis
w11385 Paul Gompers
Anna Kovner
Josh Lerner
David Scharfstein

Venture Capital Investment Cycles: The Impact of Public Markets
w11348 Pierre Azoulay
Waverly Ding
Toby Stuart

The Determinants of Faculty Patenting Behavior: Demographics or Opportunities?
w11354 William Nordhaus
The Sources of the Productivity Rebound and the Manufacturing Employment Puzzle
w11356 Daron Acemoglu
Pol Antràs
Elhanan Helpman

Contracts and the Division of Labor
w11359 Benjamin F. Jones
Age and Great Invention
w11360 Benjamin F. Jones
The Burden of Knowledge and the 'Death of the Renaissance Man': Is Innovation Getting Harder?
w11321 Jean O. Lanjouw
Patents, Price Controls, and Access to New Drugs: How Policy Affects Global Market Entry
w11292 Josh Lerner
Ulrike Malmendier

Contractibility and the Design of Research Agreements
w11288 Ernst R. Berndt
Rachel Glennerster
Michael R. Kremer
Jean Lee
Ruth Levine
Georg Weizsacker
Heidi Williams

Advanced Purchase Commitments for a Malaria Vaccine: Estimating Costs and Effectiveness
w11266 William N. Goetzmann
Andrey Ukhov

British Investment Overseas 1870-1913: A Modern Portfolio Theory Approach
w11269 Giovanni Facchini
Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Gerald Willmann

Protection for Sale with Imperfect Rent Capturing
w11251 Jonathan Skinner
Douglas Staiger

Technology Adoption From Hybrid Corn to Beta Blockers
w11229 Joseph Golec
Shantaram Hegde
John A. Vernon

Pharmaceutical Stock Price Reactions to Price Constraint Threats and Firm-Level R&D Spending
w11181 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Socio-economic Impact of Nanoscale Science: Initial Results and NanoBank
w11183 Robert E. Hall
Employment Efficiency and Sticky Wages: Evidence from Flows in the Labor Market
w11168 Josh Lerner
Feng Zhu

What is the Impact of Software Patent Shifts?: Evidence from Lotus v. Borland
w11172 Jacques Mairesse
Laure Turner

Measurement and Explanation of the Intensity of Co-publication in Scientific Research: An Analysis at the Laboratory Level
w11156 Benjamin Chiao
Josh Lerner
Jean Tirole

The Rules of Standard Setting Organizations: An Empirical Analysis
w11158 Ann Bartel
Saul Lach
Nachum Sicherman

Outsourcing and Technological Change
w11120 Alfonso Gambardella
Bronwyn H. Hall

Proprietary vs. Public Domain Licensing of Software and Research Products
w11128 Marie Thursby
Jerry Thursby
Emmanuel Dechenaux

Shirking, Sharing Risk, and Shelving: The Role of University License Contracts
w11114 Thomas A. Abbott
John A. Vernon

The Cost of US Pharmaceutical Price Reductions: A Financial Simulation Model of R&D Decisions
w11093 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

General Purpose Technologies
w11097 Edward L. Glaeser
Joseph Gyourko
Raven E. Saks

Urban Growth and Housing Supply
jaff05-1 Adam B. Jaffe
Josh Lerner and Scott Stern
editors

Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 5
w11022 Diego Comin
Bart Hobijn

Lobbies and Technology Diffusion
2004
w11001 Kira Markiewicz
Nancy L. Rose
Catherine Wolfram

Do Markets Reduce Costs? Assessing the Impact of Regulatory Restructuring on U.S. Electric Generation Efficiency
w10962 Christopher R. Knittel
Victor Stango

Incompatibility, Product Attributes and Consumer Welfare: Evidence from ATMs
w10966 B. Zorina Khan
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

Institutions and Technological Innovation During the Early Economic Growth: Evidence from the Great Inventors of the United States, 1790-1930
w10950 William Nordhaus
Retrospective on the 1970s Productivity Slowdown
w10956 Josh Lerner
Jean Tirole

The Economics of Technology Sharing: Open Source and Beyond
w10933 Ilan Guedj
David Scharfstein

Organizational Scope and Investment: Evidence from the Drug Development Strategies and Performance of Biopharmaceutical Firms
w10937 Hyunbae Chun
Jung-Wook Kim
Jason Lee
Randall Morck

Patterns of Comovement: The Role of Information Technology in the U.S. Economy
w10910 Boyan Jovanovic
The Product Cycle and Inequality
w10923 Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Margaret Levenstein
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

Financing Invention During the Second Industrial Revolution: Cleveland, Ohio, 1870-1920
w10906 Greg Colman
Dahlia K. Remler

Vertical Equity Consequences of Very High Cigarette Tax Increases: If the Poor are the Ones Smoking, How Could Cigarette Tax Increases be Progressive?
w10884 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Effect of Drug Vintage on Survival: Micro Evidence from Puerto Rico's Medicaid Program
w10897 Jacques Mairesse
Pierre Mohnen

The Importance of R&D for Innovation: A Reassessment Using French Survey Data
w10901 Bronwyn H. Hall
Manuel Trajtenberg

Uncovering GPTS with Patent Data
w10875 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons
Paula E. Stephan

Standing on Academic Shoulders: Measuring Scientific Influence in Universities
w10880 David Popp
R&D Subsidies and Climate Policy: Is There a "Free Lunch"?
w10857 Robert C. Feenstra
Christopher R. Knittel

Re-Assessing the U.S. Quality Adjustment to Computer Prices: The Role of Durability and Changing Software
w10830 Robert C. Feenstra
Hiau Looi Kee

Export Variety and Country Productivity
w10831 Michael J. Geske
Valerie A. Ramey
Matthew D. Shapiro

Why Do Computers Depreciate?
w10802 Maryann Feldman
Roger Martin

Jurisdictional Advantage
w10771 Boyan Jovanovic
The Pre-Producers
w10774 Christopher R. Knittel
Victor Stango

Compatibility and Pricing with Indirect Network Effects: Evidence from ATMs
w10738 Avi Dor
William Encinosa

How Does Cost-Sharing Affect Drug Purchases? Insurance Regimes in the Private Market for Prescription Drugs
w10741 Gadi Barlevy
On the Timing of Innovation in Stochastic Schumpeterian Growth Models
w10744 Ricardo J. Caballero
Kevin N. Cowan
Eduardo M.R.A. Engel
Alejandro Micco

Effective Labor Regulation and Microeconomic Flexibility
w10746 Paul D. Chwelos
Ernst R. Berndt
Iain M. Cockburn

Faster, Smaller, Cheaper: An Hedonic Price Analysis of PDAs
w10710 Michael L. Katz
Howard A. Shelanski

Merger Policy and Innovation: Must Enforcement Change to Account for Technological Change?
w10718 Richard E. Baldwin
Frederic Robert-Nicoud

The Impact of Trade on Intraindustry Reallocation and Aggregate Industry Productivity: A Comment
w10660 Robert J. Gordon
Five Puzzles in the Behavior of Productivity, Investment, and Innovation
w10661 Robert J. Gordon
Why was Europe Left at the Station When America's Productivity Locomotive Departed?
w10662 Robert J. Gordon
Two Centuries of Economic Growth: Europe Chasing the American Frontier
w10663 Olivier Deschenes
Michael Greenstone

The Economic Impacts of Climate Change: Evidence from Agricultural Profits and Random
w10664 Josh Lerner
Jean Tirole

A Model of Forum Shopping, with Special Reference to Standard Setting Organizations
w10640 James D. Adams
Scientific Teams and Institution Collaborations: Evidence from U.S. Universities, 1981-1999
w10643 David Popp
International Innovation and Diffusion of Air Pollution Control Technologies: The Effects of NOX and SO2 Regulation in the US, Japan, and Germany
w10625 Diego Comin
R&D: A Small Contribution to Productivity Growth
w10632 Sean Nicholson
Marc V. Pauly
Daniel Polsky
Claire Sharda
Helena Szrek

Measuring the Effects of Workloss on Productivity With Team Production
w10605 Bronwyn H. Hall
Exploring the Patent Explosion
w10584 Raphael Bergoeing
Norman Loayzaw
Andrea Repetto

Slow Recoveries
w10592 Susanto Basu
John Fernald
Miles Kimball

Are Technology Improvements Contractionary?
w10569 Paul Bergin
Reuven Glick
Alan M. Taylor

Productivity, Tradability, and the Long-Run Price Puzzle
w10573 Boyan Jovanovic
Asymmetric Cycles
ito_04-2 Takatoshi Ito and Andrew K. Rose
editors

Growth and Productivity in East Asia, NBER-East Asia Seminar on Economics, Volume 13
w10546 Stephen M. Maurer
Suzanne Scotchmer

Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary between Antitrust Law and Patent Law
w10538 Asish Arora
Alfonso Gambardella

The Globalization of the Software Industry: Perspectives and Opportunities for Developed and Developing Countries
w10544 Adriana Schor
Heterogeneous Productivity Response to Tariff Reduction: Evidence from Brazilian Manufacturing Firms
w10506 Ariel Pakes
Michael Ostrovsky
Steve Berry

Simple Estimators for the Parameters of Discrete Dynamic Games (with Entry/Exit Samples)
w10501 Chad Syverson
Market Structure and Productivity: A Concrete Example
w10474 James D. Adams
Mircea Marcu

R&D Sourcing, Joint Ventures and Innovation: A Multiple Indicators Approach
w10457 Charles I. Jones
The Shape of Production Function and the Direction of Technical Change
w10450 Patrick Bajari
C. Lanier Benkard
Jonathan Levin

Estimating Dynamic Models of Imperfect Competition
w10433 William D. Nordhaus
Schumpeterian Profits in the American Economy: Theory and Measurement
w10427 Alan G. White
Jaison R. Abel
Ernst R. Berndt
Cory W. Monroe

Hedonic Price Indexes for Personal Computer Operating Systems and Productivity Suites
w10408 Bronwyn H. Hall
Raffaele Oriani

Does the Market Value R&D Investment by European Firms? Evidence from a Panel of Manufacturing Firms in France, Germany, and Italy
w10386 M. Kate Bundorf
Laurence Baker
Sara Singer
Todd Wagner

Consumer Demand for Health Information on the Internet
w10367 Marcela Eslava
John Haltiwanger
Adriana Kugler
Maurice Kugler

The Effect of Structural Reforms on Productivity and Profitability Enhancing Reallocation: Evidence from Colombia
w10334 Angelique Augereau
Shane Greenstein
Marc Rysman

Coordination vs. Differentiation in a Standards War: 56K Modems
w10323 Ralph Siebert
Klaus Gugler

Market Power versus Efficiency Effects of Mergers and Research Joint Ventures: Evidence from the Semiconductor Industry
w10325 Judith K. Hellerstein
David Neumark

Production Function and Wage Equation Estimation with Heterogeneous Labor: Evidence from a New Matched Employer-Employee Data Set
w10328 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Expanding Pharmaceutical Arsenal in the War on Cancer
w10300 Wolfgang Keller
Carol H. Shiue

Market Integration and Economic Development: A Long-run Comparison
w10303 Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Robustness of Productivity Estimates
w10285 David Popp
ENTICE-BR: The Effects of Backstop Technology R&D on Climate Policy Models
w10297 Russel W. Cooper
John C. Haltiwanger
Jonathan Willis

Dynamics of Labor Demand: Evidence from Plant-level Observations and Aggregate Implications
w10258 Kristian R. Miltersen
Eduardo S. Schwartz

R&D Investments with Competitive Interactions
w10271 B. Zorina Khan
Does Copyright Piracy Pay? The Effects of U.S. International Copyright Laws on the Market for Books, 1790-1920
w10279 Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Cross-country Conversion Factors for Sectoral Productivity Comparisons
w10278 C. Lanier Benkard
Patrick Bajari

Demand Estimation with Heterogeneous Consumers and Unobserved Product Characteristics: A Hedonic Approach
jaff04-1 Adam B. Jaffe
Josh Lerner and Scott Stern
editors

Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 4
w10237 Elisabeth Kremp
Jacques Mairesse

Knowledge Management, Innovation, and Productivity: A Firm Level Exploration Based on French Manufacturing CIS3 Data
w10212 Bronwyn H. Hall
Innovation and Diffusion
w10223 Josh Lerner
The New New Financial Thing: The Sources of Innovation Before and After State Street
2003
w10174 Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Wages Equal Productivity: Fact or Fiction?
w10133 Timothy Dunne
Shawn D. Klimek
Mark J. Roberts

Entrant Experience and Plant Exit
w10142 Pierre Azoulay
Agents of Embeddedness
w10150 Robert E. Hall
Corporate Earnings Track the Competitive Benchmark
w10114 Eduardo S. Schwartz
Patents and R&D as Real Options
w10079 Thomas J. Holmes
Matthew F. Mitchell

A Theory of Factor Allocation and Plant Size
w10083 Pierre Azoulay
Acquiring Knowledge Within and Across Firm Boundaries: Evidence from Clinical Development
w10065 Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Revisiting Some Productivity Debates
w10041 Jason C. Hsu
Eduardo S. Schwartz

A Model of R&D Valuation and the Design of Research Incentives
w10049 Chad Syverson
Product Substitutability and Productivity Dispersion
w10038 Daron Acemoglu
Joshua Linn

Market Size in Innovation: Theory and Evidence From the Pharmaceutical Industry
w10020 Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Exporting Raises Productivity in Sub-Saharan African Manufacturing Plants
w10001 Dirk Krueger
Krishna B. Kumar

US-Europe Differences in Technology-Driven Growth: Quantifying the Role of Education
w10004 Eli Berman
Hamas, Taliban and the Jewish Underground: An Economist's View of Radical Religious Militias
w9991 Jerry G. Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

Are Faculty Critical? Their Role in University-Industry Licensing
w9978 David Popp
Lessons from Patents: Using Patents To Measure Technological Change in Environmental Models
w9979 Chris Forman
Avi Goldfarb
Shane Greenstein

How did Location Affect Adoption of the Commercial Internet? Global Village, Urban Density, and Industry Composition
w9980 C. Lanier Benkard
Patrick Bajari

Hedonic Price Indexes with Unobserved Product Characteristics, and Application to PC's
w9966 Jaison R. Abel
Ernst R. Berndt
Alan G. White

Price Indexes for Microsoft's Personal Computer Software Products
w9947 Erkan Erdem
James Tybout

Trade Policy and Industrial Sector Responses: Using Evolutionary Models to Interpret the Evidence
w9950 Ajay Agrawal
Iain Cockburn
John McHale

Gone But Not Forgotten: Labor Flows, Knowledge Spillovers, and Enduring Social Capital
w9924 Jason G. Cummins
A New Approach to the Valuation of Intangible Capital
w9928 Francesco Caselli
Daniel Wilson

Importing Technology
w9895 James J. Heckman
Rosa Matzkin
Lars Nesheim

Simulation and Estimation of Nonaddative Hedonic Models
w9898 Ricardo J. Caballero
Eduardo Engel

Adjustment is Much Slower than You Think
w9903 Stephen M. Maurer
Suzanne Scotchmer

Procuring Knowledge
w9910 Ivar Ekeland
James J. Heckman
Lars P. Nesheim

Identification and Estimation of Hedonic Models
w9810 Youngjae Lim
Chin Hee Hahn

Bankruptcy Policy Reform and Total Factor Productivity Dynamics in Korea
w9825 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker

Grilichesian Breakthroughs: Inventions of Methods of Inventing and Firm Entry in Nanotechnology
w9782 Michael Baker
Emily Hanna
Jasmin Kantarevic

The Married Widow: Marriage Penalties Matter!
w9780 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Measuring Success of Advanced Technology Program Participation Using Archival Data
w9754 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The impact of new drug launches on longevity: evidence from longitudinal disease-level data from 52 countries, 1982-2001
w9761 Shane Greenstein
Michael Mazzeo

Differentiation Strategy and Market Deregulation: Local Telecommunication Entry in the Late 1990s
w9762 David Popp
ENTICE: Endogenous Technological Change in the DICE Model of Global Warming
w9768 Maury Gittleman
Thijs ten Raa
Edward N. Wolff

The Vintage Effect in TFP Growth: An Analysis of the Age Structure of Capital
w9717 Bronwyn H. Hall
Business Method Patents, Innovation, and Policy
w9724 Jiann-Chyuan Wang
Kuen-Hung Tsai

Productivity Growth and R&D Expenditure in Taiwan's Manufacturing Firms
w9725 Manuel Trajtenberg
Defense R&D Policy in the Anti-terrorist Era
w9727 Saul Lach
Mark Schankerman

Incentives and Invention in Universities
w9730 Bronwyn H. Hall
Beethika Khan

Adoption of New Technology
w9731 Bronwyn H. Hall
Stuart J.H. Graham
Dietmar Harhoff

Prospects for Improving U.S. Patent Quality via Post-grant Opposition
w9734 Richard A. Jensen
Jerry G. Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

The Disclosure and Licensing of University Inventions
w9735 Emmanuel Dechenaux
Brent Goldfarb
Scott A. Shane
Marie C. Thursby

Appropriability and the timing of innovation: Evidence from MIT inventions
w9709 Steve Dowrick
Ideas and Education: Level or Growth Effects?
w9675 Steven Berry
Joel Waldfogel

Product Quality and Market Size
w9617 Haijime Katayama
Shihua Lu
James Tybout

Why Plant-Level Productivity Studies are Often Misleading, and an Alternative Approach to Interference
w9621 Tetsushi Sonobe
Keijiro Otsuka

Productivity Effects of TVE Privatization: The Case Study of Garment and Metal Casting Enterprises in the Greater Yangtze River Region
w9604 Rodolfo Manuelli
Ananth Seshadri

Frictionless Technology Diffusion: The Case of Tractors
w9573 Rachel Griffith
Helen Simpson

Characteristics of Foreign-Owned Firms in British Manufacturing
w9518 David Popp
Ted Juhl
Daniel K.N. Johnson

Time in Purgatory: Determinants of the Grant Lag for U.S. Patent Applications
w9526 W. Erwin Diewert
Measuring Capital
w9531 Saif I. Shah Mohammed
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Freight Rates and Productivity Gains in British Tramp Shipping 1869-1950
w9504 Wolfgang Keller
Stephen R. Yeaple

Multinational Enterprises, International Trade, and Productivity Growth: Firm-Level Evidence from the United States
w9460 Amy Finkelstein
Health Policy and Technological Change: Evidence from the Vaccine Industry
w9463 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker
Andrew Wang

Universities, Joint Ventures, and Success in the Advanced Technology Program
w9431 Ashish Arora
Marco Ceccagnoli
Wesley M. Cohen

R&D and the Patent Premium
w9436 Kenn Ariga
Kenji Matsui

Mismeasurement of the CPI
w9437 Robert J. Gordon
Hi-tech Innovation and Productivity Growth: Does Supply Create Its Own Demand?
w9417 Robert E. Lipsey
Fredrik Sjoholm

Foreign Firms and Indonesian Manufacturing Wages: An Analysis With Panel Data
feen03-1 Robert C. Feenstra and Matthew D. Shapiro
editors

Scanner Data and Price Indexes
jaff03-1 Adam B. Jaffe
Josh Lerner and Scott Stern
editors

Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 3
2002
w9403 Elhanan Helpman
Gene M. Grossman

Managerial Incentives and the International Organization of Production
w9363 Josh Lerner
Jean Tirole

The Scope of Open Source Licensing
w9351 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Suchin Virabhak

Pharmaceutical-embodied technical progress, longevity, and quality of life: drugs as "equipment for your health"
w9328 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson
Songhua Lin

The Value of Information in International Trade: Gains to Outsourcing through Hong Kong
w9300 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Outsourcing versus FDI in Industry Equilibrium
w9303 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Tomas J. Philipson

The Dual Effects of Intellectual Property Regulations: Within- and Between- Patent Competition in the US Pharmaceuticals Industry
w9316 Enrico Moretti
Human Capital Spillovers in Manufacturing: Evidence from Plant-Level Production Functions
w9298 Jerry Hausman
Sources of Bias and Solutions to Bias in the CPI
w9279 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

Mergers as Reallocation
w9287 Chris Forman
Avi Goldfarb
Shane Greenstein

Digital Dispersion: An Industrial and Geographic Census of Commerical Internet Use
w9267 Hyunbae Chun
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Decomposing Productivity Growth in the U.S. Computer Industry
w9269 Philippe Aghion
Nicholas Bloom
Richard Blundell
Rachel Griffith
Peter Howitt

Competition and Innovation: An Inverted U Relationship
w9272 Sung-Bae Mun
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Information Technology Externalities: Empirical Evidence from 42 U.S. Industries
w9254 Richard B. Freeman
The Labour Market in the New Information Economy
w9240 Paul Beaudry
Fabrice Collard
David A. Green

Decomposing the Twin-peaks in the World Distribution of Output-per-worker
w9206 Gautam Gowrisankaran
Robert Town

Competition, Payer, and Hospital Quality
w9212 Ajay Agrawal
Iain M. Cockburn

University Research, Industrial R&D, and the Anchor Tenant Hypothesis
w9139 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Effect of Changes in Drug Utilization on Labor Supply and Per Capita Output
w9175 Josh Lerner
Jean Tirole

Efficient Patent Pools
w9194 James J. Heckman
Flexibility and Job Creation: Lessons for Germany
w9121 Diego Puga
Daniel Trefler

Knowledge Creation and Control in Organizations
w9119 Wayne B. Gray
John Mendeloff

The Declining Effects of OSHA Inspections on Manufacturing Injuries: 1979 to 1998
w9120 Lucia Foster
John Haltiwanger
C.J. Krizan

The Link Between Aggregate and Micro Productivity Growth: Evidence from Retail Trade
w9114 Suzanne Scotchmer
The Political Economy of Intellectual Property Treaties
w9048 Igal Hendel
Aviv Nevo

Sales and Consumer Inventory
w9026 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

The Deaths of Manufacturing Plants
w9017 Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

Intermediaries in the U.S. Market for Technology, 1870-1920
w8976 Dennis W. Carlton
Robert H. Gertner

Intellectual Property, Antitrust and Strategic Behavior
w8977 Josh Lerner
Patent Protection and Innovation Over 150 Years
w8980 Iain M. Cockburn
Samuel Kortum
Scott Stern

Are All Patent Examiners Equal? The Impact of Examiner Characteristics
w8954 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker

Going Public When You Can in Biotechnology
w8943 Gautam Gowrisankaran
Joanna Stavins

Network Externalities and Technology Adoption: Lessons from Electronic Payments
w8947 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker

Growing by Leaps and Inches: Creative Destruction, Real Cost Reduction, and Inching Up
w8894 Mary Hallward-Driemeier
Giuseppe Iarossi
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

Exports and Manufacturing Productivity in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis with Firm-Level Data
a0685 Ernst R. Berndt
Productivity
w8849 Robert E. Hall
Industry Dynamics with Adjustment Costs
w8832 Daron Acemoglu
Cross-Country Inequality Trends
w8818 William D. Nordhaus
The Health of Nations: The Contribution of Improved Health to Living Standards
w8819 Tor Jakob Klette
Samuel Kortum

Innovating Firms and Aggregate Innovation
w8798 Daniel A. Ackerberg
Marc Rysman

Unobserved Product Differentiation in Discrete Choice Models: Estimating Price Elasticities and Welfare Effects
w8801 David Card
Richard B. Freeman

What Have Two Decades of British Economic Reform Delivered?
w8806 Ulrich Kaiser
The Effects of Website Provision on the Demand for German Women's Magazines
w8807 Stuart J. H. Graham
Bronwyn H. Hall
Dietmar Harhoff
David C. Mowery

Post-Issue Patent "Quality Control": A Comparative Study of US Patent Re-examinations and European Patent Oppositions
w8787 Paul Beaudry
David A. Green

Changes in U.S. Wages 1976-2000: Ongoing Skill Bias or Major Technological Change?
w8766 Bee Yan Aw
Sukkyun Chung
Mark J. Roberts

Productivity, Output, and Failure: A Comparison of Taiwanese and Korean Manufacturers
w8771 Robert J. Gordon
Technology and Economic Performance in the American Economy
w8773 Bronwyn H. Hall
The Financing of Research and Development
w8755 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Sources of U.S. Longevity Increase, 1960-1997
w8762 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

Moore's Law and Learning-By-Doing
w8737 Saul Lach
Existence and Persistence of Price Dispersion: an Empirical Analysis
w8740 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

The Q-Theory of Mergers
w8743 Edward N. Wolff
Productivity, Computerization, and Skill Change
w8713 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Jaypee Sevilla

Technological Diffusion, Conditional Convergence, and Economic Growth
w8715 Ariel Pakes
A Reconsideration of Hedonic Price Indices with an Application to PC's
w8722 Andrew Atkeson
Patrick J. Kehoe

Measuring Organization Capital
w8724 Jonathan E. Haskel
Sonia C. Pereira
Matthew J. Slaughter

Does Inward Foreign Direct Investment Boost the Productivity of Domestic Firms?
w8707 Chun-Chung Au
Vernon Henderson

How Migration Restrictions Limit Agglomeration and Productivity in China
jaff02-1 Adam B. Jaffe
Josh Lerner and Scott Stern
editors

Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 2
2001
w8676 Andrew Atkeson
Patrick J. Kehoe

The Transition to a New Economy After the Second Industrial Revolution
w8644 Jacques Mairesse
Pierre Mohnen

To Be or Not To Be Innovative: An Exercise in Measurement
w8656 Jean Olson Lanjouw
Mark Schankerman

Enforcing Intellectual Property Rights
w8589 Michael Chernew
Gautam Gowrisankaran
Dennis P. Scanlon

Learning and the Value of Information: Evidence From Health Plan Report Cards
w8596 Gregory Clark
Robert Feenstra

Technology in the Great Divergence
w8497 John Geweke
Gautam Gowrisankaran
Robert J. Town

Bayesian Inference for Hospital Quality in a Selection Model
w8498 Bronwyn H. Hall
Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg

The NBER Patent Citation Data File: Lessons, Insights and Methodological Tools
w8499 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Jeff S. Armstrong

Commercializing Knowledge: University Science, Knowledge Capture, and Firm Performance in Biotechnology
w8518 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

Market Size, Linkages, and Productivity: A Study of Japanese Regions
w8525 Thomas N. Hubbard
Information, Decisions, and Productivity: On-Board Computers and Capacity Utilization in Trucking
w8528 Albert G.Z. Hu
Adam B. Jaffe

Patent Citations and International Knowledge Flow: The Cases of Korea and Taiwan
w8537 Daniel Kessler
Mark McClellan

The Effects of Hospital Ownership on Medical Productivity
w8568 David C. Mowery
Arvids A. Ziedonis

The Geographic Reach of Market and Non-Market Channels of Technology Transfer: Comparing Citations and Licenses of University Patents
w8573 Wolfgang Keller
International Technology Diffusion
w8475 Marianne Baxter
Dorsey D. Farr

The Effects of Variable Capital Utilization on the Measurement and Properties of Sectoral Productivity: Some International Evidence
w8480 Wayne B. Gray
Ronald J. Shadbegian

Plant Vintage, Technology, and Environmental Regulation
w8485 Nathan Rosenberg
Manuel Trajtenberg

A General Purpose Technology at Work: The Corliss Steam Engine in the late 19th Century US
w8411 Steven J. Davis
Jack MacCrisken
Kevin M. Murphy

Economic Perspectives on Software Design: PC Operating Systems and Platforms
w8425 Aviv Nevo
New Products, Quality Changes and Welfare Measures Computed From Estimated Demand Systems
w8450 Edward E. Leamer
Michael Storper

The Economic Geography of the Internet Age
w8351 Austan Goolsbee
Competition in the Computer Industry
w8359 Susanto Basu
John G. Fernald
Matthew D. Shapiro

Productivity Growth in the 1990s: Technology, Utilization, or Adjustment?
w8374 Daniel K.N. Johnson
David Popp

Forced Out of the Closet: The Impact of the American Inventors Protection Act on the Timing of Patent Disclosure
w8317 Austan Goolsbee
Amil Petrin

The Consumer Gains from Direct Broadcast Satellites and the Competition with Cable Television
w8337 David H. Autor
Frank Levy
Richard J. Murnane

The Skill Content of Recent Technological Change: An Empirical Exploration
w8284 David Popp
Induced Innovation and Energy Prices
w8292 James D. Adams
Comparative Localization of Academic and Industrial Spillovers
w8298 Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

The Effects of Welfare and Tax Reform: The Material Well-Being of Single Mothers in the 1980s and 1990s
w8306 Brent Boning
Casey Ichniowski
Kathryn Shaw

Opportunity Counts: Teams and the Effectiveness of Production Incentives
w8243 Martin N. Baily
Robert Lawrence

Do We Have A New E-Conomy?
w8251 Dan Elfenbein
Josh Lerner

Links and Hyperlinks: An Empirical Analysis of Internet Portal Alliances, 1995-1999
jaff01-2 Adam B. Jaffe
Jenny Lanjouw and Josh Lerner
editors

The Patent System and Innovation
w8147 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Benefits and Costs of Newer Drugs: Evidence from the 1996 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
w8150 Wolfgang Keller
The Geography and Channels of Diffusion at the World's Technology Frontier
w8176 Robert C. Feenstra
Matthew D. Shapiro

High-Frequency Substitution and the Measurement of Price Indexes
w8130 Francesco Caselli
Wilbur John Coleman II

Cross-Country Technology Diffusion: The Case of Computers
w8075 Jacques Mairesse
Nathalie Greenan
Agnes Topiol-Bensaid

Information Technology and Research and Development Impacts on Productivity and Skills: Looking for Correlations on French Firm Level Data
w8081 Boyan Jovanovic
Peter L. Rousseau

Why Wait? A Century of Life Before IPO
w8094 Edward P. Lazear
The Peter Principle: Promotions and Declining Productivity
w8095 William D. Nordhaus
Alternative Methods for Measuring Productivity Growth
w8096 William D. Nordhaus
Productivity Growth and the New Economy
w8097 William D. Nordhaus
New Data and Output Concepts for Understanding Productivity Trends
cutl01-1 David M. Cutler and Ernst R. Berndt
editors

Medical Care Output and Productivity
hult01-1 Charles R. Hulten
Edwin R. Dean and Michael J. Harper
editors

New Developments in Productivity Analysis
jaff01-1 Adam B. Jaffe
Josh Lerner and Scott Stern
editors

Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 1
2000
w8024 Ariel Pakes
A Framework for Applied Dynamic Analysis in I.O.
w8038 Benoit Mulkay
Bronwyn H. Hall
Jacques Mairesse

Firm Level Investment and R&D in France and the United States: A Comparison
w7994 John Haltiwanger
Julia Lane
James Spletzer

Wages, Productivity, and the Dynamic Interaction of Businesses and Workers
w8015 Lee Branstetter
Is Foreign Direct Investment a Channel of Knowledge Spillovers? Evidence from Japan's FDI in the United States
w8020 Laurence C. Baker
Managed Care and Technology Adoption in Health Care: Evidence from Magnetic Resonance Imaging
w7930 Manuel Trajtenberg
R&D Policy in Israel: An Overview and Reassessment
w7943 Saul Lach
Do R&D Subsidies Stimulate or Displace Private R&D? Evidence from Israel
w7964 Eli Berman
Does Factor-Biased Technological Change Stifle International Covergence? Evidence from Manufacturing
w7970 Adam B. Jaffe
Richard G. Newell
Robert N. Stavins

Technological Change and the Environment
w7972 Lee G. Branstetter
Mariko Sakakibara

When Do Research Consortia Work Well and Why? Evidence from Japanese Panel Data
w7987 Peter Cappelli
William H. Carter

Computers, Work Organization, and Wage Outcomes
w7876 Scott Stern
Michael E. Porter
Jeffrey L. Furman

The Determinants of National Innovative Capacity
w7877 Joshua S. Gans
Scott Stern

When Does Funding Research by Smaller Firms Bear Fruit?: Evidence from the SBIR Program
w7887 Susan Athey
Scott Stern

The Impact of Information Technology on Emergency Health Care Outcomes
w7890 David H. Autor
Frank Levy
Richard Murnane

Upstairs, Downstairs: Computer-Skill Complementarity and Computer-Labor Substitution on Two Floors of a Large Bank
w7891 Michael E. Porter
Scott Stern

Measuring the "Ideas" Production Function: Evidence from International Patent Output
w7904 Francesco Caselli
Wilbur John Coleman II

The World Technology Frontier
w7918 Josh Lerner
Where Does State Street Lead? A First Look at Finance Patents, 1971-2000
w7819 James Levinsohn
Amil Petrin

Estimating Production Functions Using Inputs to Control for Unobservables
w7833 Robert J. Gordon
Does the "New Economy" Measure up to the Great Inventions of the Past?
w7843 James D. Adams
Eric P. Chiang
Katara Starkey

Industry-University Cooperative Research Centers
w7851 Joshua S. Gans
David H. Hsu
Scott Stern

When Does Start-Up Innovation Spur the Gale of Creative Destruction?
w7852 Nina Pavcnik
Trade Liberalization, Exit, and Productivity Improvements: Evidence from Chilean Plants
w7865 Nina Pavcnik
Do Pharmaceutical Prices Respond to Insurance?
w7804 Glenn Ellison
The Slowdown of the Economics Publishing Process
w7805 Glenn Ellison
Evolving Standards for Academic Publishing: A q-r Theory
w7816 Ernst R. Berndt
Anupa Bir
Susan H. Busch
Richard G. Frank
Sharon-Lise T. Normand

The Medical Treatment of Depression, 1991-1996: Productive Inefficiency, Expected Outcome Variations, and Price Indexes
w7723 Paul M. Romer
Should the Government Subsidize Supply or Demand in the Market for Scientists and Engineers?
w7741 Bronwyn H. Hall
Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg

Market Value and Patent Citations: A First Look
w7752 Robert J. Gordon
Interpreting the "One Big Wave" in U.S. Long-Term Productivity Growth
w7759 Robert J. Gordon
The Boskin Commission Report and its Aftermath
w7772 Ernst R. Berndt
Robert S. Pindyck
Pierre Azoulay

Consumption Externalities and Diffusion in Pharmaceutical Markets: Antiulcer Drugs
w7684 Bart Hobijn
Boyan Jovanovic

The Information Technology Revolution and the Stock Market: Evidence
w7688 Andrew B. Bernard
Jonathan Eaton
J. Bradford Jenson
Samuel Kortum

Plants and Productivity in International Trade
w7690 Shane Greenstein
Building and Delivering the Virtual World: Commercializing Services for Internet Access
w7710 C. Lanier Benkard
A Dynamic Analysis of the Market for Wide-Bodied Commercial Aircraft
w7718 Jerry G. Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

Who is Selling the Ivory Tower? Sources of Growth in University Licensing
w7631 Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg
Michael S. Fogarty

The Meaning of Patent Citations: Report on the NBER/Case-Western Reserve Survey of Patentees
w7643 Bronwyn H. Hall
Albert N. Link
John T. Scott

Universities as Research Partners
w7600 Josh Lerner
Jean Triole

The Simple Economics of Open Source
w7612 James D. Adams
Eric P. Chiang
Jeffrey L. Jensen

The Influence of Federal Laboratory R&D on Industrial Research
w7538 Paul A. David
Bronwyn H. Hall

Heart of Darkness: Modeling Public-Private Funding Interactions Inside the R&D Black Box
w7552 Wesley M. Cohen
Richard R. Nelson
John P. Walsh

Protecting Their Intellectual Assets: Appropriability Conditions and Why U.S. Manufacturing Firms Patent (or Not)
w7464 Josh Lerner
Alexander Tsai

Do Equity Financing Cycles Matter? Evidence from Biotechnology Alliances
w7465 Timothy Dunne
John Haltiwanger
Lucia Foster

Wage and Productivity Dispersion in U.S. Manufacturing: The Role of Computer Investment
w7467 Ann P. Bartel
Human Resource Management and Performance in the Service Sector: The Case of Bank Branches
w7468 Boyan Jovanovic
Growth Theory
w7470 Igal Hendel
Alessandro Lizzeri

The Role of Commitment in Dynamic Contracts: Evidence from Life Insurance
w7471 Charles R. Hulten
Total Factor Productivity: A Short Biography
w7472 David Neumark
Changes in Job Stability and Job Security: A Collective Effort to Untangle, Reconcile, and Interpret the Evidence
w7477 Josh Lerner
150 Years of Patent Office Practice
w7478 Josh Lerner
150 Years of Patent Protection
w7480 Ravi Jagannathan
Shaker B. Srinivasan

Does Product Market Competition Reduce Agency Costs?
w7484 James D. Adams
Endogenous R&D Spillovers and Industrial Research Productivity
w7495 Jean O. Lanjouw
Iain Cockburn

Do Patents Matter?: Empirical Evidence after GATT
w7509 Wolfgang Keller
Geographic Localization of International Technology Diffusion
1999
w7427 Marcello M. Estevao
Saul Lach

The Evolution of the Demand for Temporary Help Supply Employment in the United States
w7437 Jacques Mairesse
Bronwyn H. Hall
Benoit Mulkay

Firm-Level Investment in France and the United States: An Exploration of What We Have Learned in Twenty Years
w7441 Charles R. Hulten
Sylaja Srinivasan

Indian Manufacturing Industry: Elephant or Tiger? New Evidence on the Asian Miracle
w7414 Morris M. Kleiner
Jonathan S. Leonard
Adam M. Pilarski

Do Industrial Relations Affect Plant Performance?: The Case of Commercial Aircraft Manufacturing
w7421 Marcello Estevao
Saul Lach

Measuring Temporary Labor Outsourcing in U.S. Manufacturing
w7373 Paul A. David
Bronwyn H. Hall
Andrew A. Toole

Is Public R&D a Complement or Substitute for Private R&D? A Review of the Econometric Evidence
w7374 David Neumark
Peter Cappelli

Do "High Performance" Work Practices Improve Establishment-Level Outcomes?
w7410 Scott Stern
Do Scientists Pay to Be Scientists?
w7345 Jean O. Lanjouw
Mark Schankerman

The Quality of Ideas: Measuring Innovation with Multiple Indicators
w7359 Iain Cockburn
Rebecca Henderson
Scott Stern

The Diffusion of Science-Driven Drug Discovery: Organizational Change in Pharmaceutical Research
w7280 Adam B. Jaffe
The U.S. Patent System in Transition: Policy Innovation and the Innovation Process
w7283 Charles I. Jones
John C. Williams

Too Much of a Good Thing? The Economics of Investment in R&D
w7285 Nathalie Greenan
Jacques Mairesse

Organizational Change in French Manufacturing: What Do We Learn From Firm Representatives and From Their Employees?
w7222 Atreya Chakraborty
Mark Kazarosian

Product Differentiation and the Use of Information Technology: New Evidence from the Trucking Industry
w7241 Joshua G. Rosett
Richard N. Rosett

Characteristics of TQM: Evidence from the RIT/USA Today Quality Cup Competition
w7248 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker

Local Academic Science Driving Organizational Change: The Adoption of Biotechnology by Japanese Firms
w7256 Donald Siegel
David Waldman
Albert Link

Assessing the Impact of Organizational Practices on the Productivity of University Technology Transfer Offices: An Exploratory Study
w7260 Ashish Arora
Jai Asundi

Quality Certification and the Economics of Contract Software Development A Study of the Indian Software Industry
w7270 V.G. Narayanan
Ratna G. Sarkar

ABC at Insteel Industries
w7180 Robert E. Hall
The Stock Market and Capital Accumulation
w7181 Robert E. Hall
Reorganization
w7201 Michael R. Darby
Qiao Liu
Lynne G. Zucker

Stakes and Stars: The Effect of Intellectual Human Capital on the Level and Variability of High-Tech Firms' Market Values
w7107 Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Kenneth L. Sokoloff

Inventive Activity and the Market for Technology in the United States, 1840-1920
w7127 C. Lanier Benkard
Learning and Forgetting: The Dynamics of Aircraft Production
w7135 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen

Exporting and Productivity
w7136 Timothy F. Bresnahan
Erik Brynjolfsson
Lorin M. Hitt

Information Technology, Workplace Organization and the Demand for Skilled Labor: Firm-Level Evidence
w7064 Adam B. Jaffe
Josh Lerner

Privatizing R&D: Patent Policy and the Commercialization of National Laboratory Technologies
w7066 Mariko Sakakibara
Lee Branstetter

Do Stronger Patents Induce More Innovation? Evidence from the 1988 Japanese Patent Law Reforms
w7068 B. Zorina Khan
Legal Monopoly: Patents and Antitrust Litigation in U.S. Manufacturing, 1970-1998
w7070 Hugo A. Hopenhayn
Matthew F. Mitchell

Innovation Fertility and Patent Design
w7076 David Genesove
The Adoption of Offset Presses in the Daily Newspaper Industry in the United States
w7079 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Ingmar R. Prucha

Dynamic Factor Demand Models and Productivity Analysis
w7086 Mark Schankerman
Suzanne Scotchmer

Damages and Injunctions in the Protection of Proprietary Research Tools
w7089 David M. Cutler
Mark McClellan
Joseph P. Newhouse
Dahlia Remler

Pricing Heart Attack Treatments
w7095 Steven J. Davis
John Haltiwanger

Sectoral Job Creation and Destruction Responses to Oil Price Changes
w7098 Bronwyn H. Hall
John van Reenen

How Effective are Fiscal Incentives for R&D? A New Review of the Evidence
w6990 Wolfgang Keller
How Trade Patterns and Technology Flows Affect Productivity Growth
w7022 Manuel Trajtenberg
Innovation in Israel 1968-97: A Comparative Analysis Using Patent Data
w7024 Ernst R. Berndt
Robert S. Pindyck
Pierre Azoulay

Network Effects and Diffusion in Pharmaceutical Markets: Antiulcer Drugs
w7028 Jacques Mairesse
Nathalie Greenan

Using Employee Level Data in a Firm Level Econometric Study
w7043 Ann P. Bartel
Ann E. Harrison

Ownership versus Environment: Why are Public Sector Firms Inefficient?
w7062 Bronwyn H. Hall
Rose Marie Ham

The Patent Paradox Revisited: Determinants of Patenting in the US Semiconductor Industry, 1980-94
w6931 Jeremy Greenwood
Boyan Jovanovic

The IT Revolution and the Stock Market
w6947 Tor Jakob Klette
Jarle Møen
Zvi Griliches

Do Subsidies to Commercial R&D Reduce Market Failures? Microeconomic Evaluation Studies
w6956 Steven Shavell
Tanguy van Ypersele

Rewards versus Intellectual Property Rights
w6971 Irving Shapiro
Matthew D. Shapiro
David W. Wilcox

Quality Improvement in Health Care: A Framework for Price and Output Measurement
w6984 Bronwyn H. Hall
Innovation and Market Value
w6877 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
Theofanis P. Mamuneas
Panos Pashardes

Factor Adjustment, Quality Change, and Productivity Growth for U.S. Manufacturing
w6882 Iain Cockburn
Rebecca Henderson
Scott Stern

Balancing Incentives: The Tension Between Basic and Applied Research
w6893 James Levinsohn
Amil Petrin

When Industries Become More Productive, Do Firms?
w6906 Paul A. Gompers
Josh Lerner

What Drives Venture Capital Fundraising?
1998
w6827 Jonathan Eaton
Eva Gutierrez
Samuel Kortum

European Technology Policy
w6841 Jan Eeckhout
Boyan Jovanovic

Inequality
w6846 Samuel Kortum
Josh Lerner

Does Venture Capital Spur Innovation?
w6776 Eli Berman
Linda T.M. Bui

Environmental Regulation and Productivity: Evidence from Oil Refineries
w6788 Arie Bregman
Melvyn Fuss
Haim Regev

The Effects of Capital Subsidization on Israeli Industry
w6803 Lucia Foster
John Haltiwanger
C.J. Krizan

Aggregate Productivity Growth: Lessons from Microeconomic Evidence
w6816 Magnus Blomstrom
Fredrik Sjoholm

Technology Transfer and Spillovers? Does Local Participation with Multinationals Matter?
w6817 Ernst R. Berndt
David M. Cutler
Richard G. Frank
Zvi Griliches
Joseph P. Newhouse

Price Indexes for Medical Care Goods and Services: An Overview of Measurement Issues
w6753 Tor Jakob Klette
Zvi Griliches

Empirical Patterns of Firm Growth and R&D Investment: A QuUality LadderModel Interpretation
w6775 Valerie A. Ramey
Matthew D. Shapiro

Displaced Capital
w6696 Bruno Crepon
Emmanuel Duguet
Jacques Mairesse

Research, Innovation, and Productivity: An Econometric Analysis at the Firm Level
w6698 Richard Jensen
Marie Thursby

Proofs and Prototypes for Sale: The Tale of University Licensing
w6647 Jeremy Greenwood
Boyan Jovanovic

Accounting for Growth
w6598 Robert C. Feenstra
Wen Hai
Wing T. Woo
Shunli Yao

The US-China Bilateral Trade Balance: Its Size and Determinants
w6600 Susan Athey
Scott Stern

An Empirical Framework for Testing Theories About Complimentarity in Organizational Design
w6601 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Allocation of Publicly-Funded Biomedical Research
w6622 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
David E. M. Sappington

Setting the X Factor in Price Cap Regulation Plans
w6569 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Pharmaceutical Innovation, Mortality Reduction, and Economic Growth
w6574 Iain M. Cockburn
Aslam H. Anis

Hedonic Analysis of Arthritis Drugs
w6507 Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg

International Knowledge Flows: Evidence from Patent Citations
w6437 Richard G. Newell
Adam B. Jaffe
Robert N. Stavins

The Induced Innovation Hypothesis and Energy-Saving Technological Change
w6453 Shane Greenstein
Universal Service in the Digital Age: The Commercialization and Geography of U.S. Internet Access
w6460 Maryellen R. Kelley
Cynthia R. Cook

The Institutional Context and Manufacturing Performance: The Case of the U.S. Defense Industrial Network
w6475 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
Total Factor Productivity Growth in the Canadian Life Insurance Industry: 1979-1989
w6404 Milka S. Kirova
Robert S. Lipsey

Measuring Real Investment: Trends in the United States and International Comparisons
w6414 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Yusheng Peng

Fundamentals or Population Dynamics and the Geographic Distribution of U.S. Biotechnology Enterprises, 1976-1989
w6416 Boyan Jovanovic
Vintage Capital and Inequality
w6417 Richard G. Frank
Ernst R. Berndt
Susan H. Busch

Price Indexes for the Treatment of Depression
w6360 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Capturing Technological Opportunity via Japan's Star Scientists: Evidence from Japanese Firms' Biotech Patents and Products
w6361 Jose Meade
Joel Waldfogel

Do Sentencing Guidelines Raise the Cost of Punishment?
w6366 Jean O. Lanjouw
The Introduction of Pharmaceutical Product Patents in India: "Heartless Exploitation of the Poor and Suffering"?
1997
w6296 Jean O. Lanjouw
Josh Lerner

The Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights: A Survey of the Empirical Literature
w6297 Jean O. Lanjouw
Mark Schankerman

Stylized Facts of Patent Litigation: Value, Scope and Ownership
w6299 Eli Berman
Linda T. Bui

band Labor Demand: Evidence from the South Coast Air Basin
w6304 Michael Kremer
Patent Buy-Outs: A Mechanism for Encouraging Innovation
w6213 Brian J. Hall
Jeffrey B. Liebman

Are CEOs Really Paid Like Bureaucrats?
w6235 Bee Yan Aw
Xiaomin Chen
Mark J. Roberts

Firm-level Evidence on Productivity Differentials, Turnover, and Exports in Taiwanese Manufacturing
w6160 Randy Becker
Vernon Henderson

Effects of Air Quality Regulation on in Polluting Industries
w6166 Eli Berman
John Bound
Stephen Machin

Implications of Skill-Biased Technological Change: International Evidence
w6182 Ernst R. Berndt
Iain M. Cockburn
Douglas L. Cocks
Arnold Epstein
Zvi Griliches

Is Price Inflation Different for the Elderly? An Empirical Analysis of Prescription Drugs
w6202 Yusheng Peng
Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Chinese Rural Industrial Productivity and Urban Spillovers
w6204 Samuel Kortum
Josh Lerner

Stronger Protection or Technological Revolution: What is Behind the Recent Surge in Patenting?
w6124 Shane M. Greenstein
James B. Wade

Dynamic Modeling of the Product Life Cycle in the Commercial Mainframe Computer Market, 1968-1982
w6079 Wolfgang Keller
From Socialist Showcase to Mezzogiorno? Lessons on the Role of Technical Change from East Germany's Post-World War II Growth Performance
w6084 Aaron Tornell
Rational Atrophy: The US Steel Industry
w6099 James D. Adams
The Structure of Firm R&D and the Factor Intensity of Production
w6113 Wolfgang Keller
Trade and Transmission of Technology
w6052 Robert C. Feenstra
Gordon H. Hanson

Productivity Measurement and the Impact of Trade and Technology on Wages: Estimates for the U.S., 1972-1990
w6065 Wolfgang Keller
Are International R&D Spillovers Trade-Related? Analyzing Spillovers Among Randomly Matched Trade Partners
w6066 Lee Branstetter
Mariko Sakakibara

Japanese Research Consortia: A Microeconometric Analysis of Industrial Policy
w6033 Susan Helper
Complementarity and Cost Reduction: Evidence from the Auto Supply Industry
w6036 Wayne B. Gray
Ronald J. Shadbegian

Environmental Regulation, Investment Timing, and Technology Choice
w6040 Maryann P. Feldman
Frank R. Lichtenberg

The Impact and Organization of Publicly-Funded Research and Development in the European Community
w6044 Adam B. Jaffe
Michael S. Fogarty
Bruce A. Banks

Evidence from Patents and Patent Citations on the Impact of NASA and Other Federal Labs on Commercial Innovation
w6050 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Maximo Torero

Labor Mobility from Academe to Commerce
w6014 Josh Lerner
Robert P. Merges

The Control of Strategic Alliances: An Empirical Analysis of Biotechnology Collaborations
w6018 Iain Cockburn
Rebecca Henderson

Public-Private Interaction and the Productivity of Pharmaceutical Research
w5971 Avinash Dixit
Robert S. Pindyck
Sigbjorn Sodal

A Markup Interpretation of Optimal Rules for Irreversible Investment
w5980 Matthew D. Shapiro
David W. Wilcox

Alternative Strategies for Aggregating Prices in the CPI
w5982 Jerry Hausman
Cellular Telephone, New Products and the CPI
w5929 Shane M. Greenstein
Mercedes M. Lizardo
Pablo T. Spiller

The Evolution of Advanced Large Scale Information Infrastructure in the United States
w5940 James D. Adams
Technology, Trade, and Wages
w5945 Tor Jakob Klette
Zvi Griliches

Empirical Patterns of Firm Growth and R&D Investment: A Quality Ladder Model Interpretation
w5946 David Meltzer
Accounting for Future Costs in Medical Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
w5870 Boyan Jovanovic
Dmitriy Stolyarov

Learning, Complementarities, and Asynchronous Use of Technology
w5871 Boyan Jovanovic
Rafael Rob

Solow vs. Solow: Machine Prices and Development
w5880 Wayne B. Gray
Manufacturing Plant Location: Does State Pollution Regulation Matter?
w5900 Stephen Bond
Julie Elston
Jacques Mairesse
Benoit Mulkay

Financial Factors and Investment in Belgium, France, Germany and the UK:A Comparison Using Company Panel Data
1996
w5847 Charles R. Hulten
Infrastructure Capital and Economic Growth: How Well You Use It May Be More Important Than How Much You Have
w5812 Robert E. Hall
Charles I. Jones

The Productivity of Nations
w5813 Ernst R. Berndt
Richard G. Frank
Thomas G. McGuire

Alternate Insurance Arrangements and the Treatment of Depression: What Are the Facts?
w5818 Brian J. Hall
David E. Weinstein

The Myth of the Patient Japanese: Corporate Myopia and Financial Distress in Japan and the US
w5820 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Banani Nandi

The Changing Structure of Cost and Demand for the U.S. Telecommunications Industry
w5833 James D. Adams
Zvi Griliches

Research Productivity in a System of Universities
w5836 Nathalie Greenan
Jacques Mairesse

Computers and Productivity in France: Some Evidence
t0205 Eric J. Bartelsman
Wayne Gray

The NBER Manufacturing Productivity Database
w5790 David H. Good
M. Ishaq Nadiri
Robin C. Sickles

Index Number and Factor Demand Approaches to the Estimation of Productivity
w5795 Michael R. Darby
Lynne G. Zucker

Star Scientists, Institutions, and the Entry of Japanese Biotechnology Enterprises
w5800 Lee Branstetter
Are Knowledge Spillovers International or Intranational in Scope? Microeconometric Evidence from the Japan and the United States
w5801 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Seongjun Kim

International R&D Spillovers, Trade and Productivity in Major OECD Countries
w5741 Jean O. Lanjouw
Ariel Pakes
Jonathan Putnam

How to Count Patents and Value Intellectual Property: Uses of Patent Renewal and Application Data
w5746 Steven Berry
Samuel Kortum
Ariel Pakes

Environmental Change and Hedonic Cost Functions for Automobiles
w5750 David M. Cutler
Mark McClellan
Joseph P. Newhouse
Dahlia Remler

Are Medical Prices Declining?
w5751 David M. Cutler
Mark McClellan

The Determinants of Technological Change in Heart Attack Treatment
w5753 Josh Lerner
The Government as Venture Capitalist: The Long-Run Effects of the SBIR Program
w5770 Shane M. Greenstein
Pablo T. Spiller

Estimating the Welfare Effects of Digital Infrastructure
w5773 Elhanan Helpman
Manuel Trajtenberg

Diffusion of General Purpose Technologies
w5712 Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg

Flows of Knowledge from Universities and Federal Labs: Modeling the Flowof Patent Citations Over Time and Across Institutional and Geographic Boundari
w5726 Timothy F. Bresnahan
Scott Stern
Manuel Trajtenberg

Market Segmentation and the Sources of Rents from Innovation: Personal Computers in the Late 1980's
w5651 Boyan Jovanovic
Yaw Nyarko

Stepping Stone Mobility
w5668 Frank Lichtenberg
Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie

International R&D Spillovers: A Re-Examination
w5672 Edward P. Lazear
Performance Pay and Productivity
w5689 Jean O. Lanjouw
Josh Lerner

Preliminary Injunctive Relief: Theory and Evidence from Patent Litigation
w5601 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Effect of New Political Administration on Federal Government Productivity and Employment
w5616 William Lehr
Frank R. Lichtenberg

Computer Use and Productivity Growth in Federal Government Agencies, 1987 to 1992
w5637 Boyan Jovanovic
Masako Ueda

Contracts and Money
t0196 Matthew D. Shapiro
David W. Wilcox

Generating Non-Standard Multivariate Distributions with an Application to Mismeasurement in the CPI
w5559 W. Erwin Diewert
Axiomatic and Economic Approaches to International Comparisons
w5569 Charles R. Hulten
Quality Change in Capital Goods and Its Impact on Economic Growth
w5577 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Costly Information in Firm Transformation, Exit, or Persistent Failure
w5590 Matthew D. Shapiro
David W. Wilcox

Mismeasurement in the Consumer Price Index: An Evaluation
w5544 James D. Adams
Adam B. Jaffe

Bounding the Effects of R&D: An Investigation Using Matched Establishment-Firm Data
w5545 Adam B. Jaffe
Karen Palmer

Environmental Regulation and Innovation: A Panel Data Study
w5478 James Adams
Zvi Griliches

Measuring Science: An Exploration
w5501 Jacques Mairesse
Bronwyn H. Hall

Estimating the Productivity of Research and Development: An Exploration of GMM Methods Using Data on French & United States Manufacturing Firms
w5506 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Seongjun Kim

R&D, Production Structure and Productivity Growth: A Comparison of the US, Japanese and Korean Manufacturing Sectors
w5519 Robert J. Gordon
Problems in the Measurement and Performance of Service-Sector Productivity in the United States
w5418 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Effect of Pharmaceutical Utilization and Innovation on Hospitalization and Mortality
w5426 Zvi Griliches
Education, Human Capital, and Growth: A Personal Perspective
1995
w5373 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Social Construction of Trust to Protect Ideas and Data in Space Science and Geophysics
w5383 Boyan Jovanovic
Learning and Growth
w5401 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
Xiaoyi Yan

International R&D Spillovers between Canadian and Japanese Industries
w5333 Casey Ichniowski
Kathryn Shaw
Giovanna Prennushi

The Effects of Human Resource Management Practices on Productivity
w5342 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Virtuous Circles of Productivity: Star Bioscientists and the Institutional Transformation of Industry
w5348 Zvi Griliches
The Discovery of the Residual: An Historical Note
t0188 Boyan Jovanovic
A CES Indirect Production Function
w5320 Julia Porter Liebeskind
Amalya Lumerman Oliver
Lynne G. Zucker
Marilynn B. Brewer

Social Networks, Learning, and Flexibility: Sourcing Scientific Knowledge in New Biotechnology Firms
w5321 Boyan Jovanovic
Yaw Nyarko

Research and Productivity
w5278 Susan Helper
Supplier Relations and Adoption of New Technology: Results of Survey Research in the U.S. Auto Industry
w5207 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Engines of Growth: Domestic and Foreign Sources of Innovation
w5227 Andrew B. Abel
Avinash K. Dixit
Janice C. Eberly
Robert S. Pindyck

Options, the Value of Capital, and Investment
w5235 Steven Berry
James Levinsohn
Ariel Pakes

Voluntary Export Restraints on Automobiles: Evaluating a Strategic TradePolicy
w5243 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby

Present at the Revolution: Transformation of Technical Identity for a Large Incumbent Pharmaceutical Firm After the Biotechnological Breakthrough
w5199 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Marilynn B. Brewer
Yusheng Peng

Collaboration Structure and Information Dilemmas in Biotechnology: Organizational Boundaries as Trust Production
t0180 John M. Abowd
Bruno Crepon
Francis Kramarz
Alain Trognon

A La Recherche des Moments Perdus: Covariance Models for Unbalanced Panels with Endogenous Death
w5103 W. Erwin Diewert
Price and Volume Measures in the System of National Accounts
w5104 W. Erwin Diewert
Axiomatic and Economic Approaches to Elementary Price Indexes
w5138 Kenneth H. Brown
Shane M. Greenstein

How Much Better is Bigger, Faster & Cheaper? Buyer Benefits from Innovation in Mainframe Computers in the 1980s
w5081 Robert J. Gordon
Is There a Tradeoff between Unemployment and Productivity Growth?
w5048 David T. Coe
Elhanan Helpman
Alexander Hoffmaister

North-South R&D Spillovers
w5049 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

Trade in Ideas: Patenting and Productivity in the OECD
w5059 Theofanis P. Mamuneas
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Public R&D Policies and Cost Behavior of the US Manufacturing Industries
w5061 Robert C. Feenstra
Exact Hedonic Price Indexes
w5067 Zvi Griliches
Jacques Mairesse

Production Functions: The Search for Identification
w5068 Rebecca Henderson
Adam Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg

Universities as a Source of Commercial Technology: A Detailed Analysis of University Patenting 1965-1988
w5035 Daniel M.G. Raff
Manuel Trajtenberg

Quality-Adjusted Prices for the American Automobile Industry: 1906-1940
w4994 Wayne B. Gray
Ronald J. Shadbegian

Pollution Abatement Costs, Regulation, and Plant-Level Productivity
1994
w4946 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Jeff Armstrong

Intellectual Capital and the Firm: The Technology of Geographically Localized Knowledge Spillovers
w4970 Jerry A. Hausman
Valuation of New Goods under Perfect and Imperfect Competition
w4981 Judith K. Hellerstein
The Demand for Post-Patent Prescription Pharmaceuticals
w4931 Jonathan Eaton
Samuel Kortum

International Patenting and Technology Diffusion
w4932 James R. Hines
Jr.

Taxes, Technology Transfer, and the R&D Activities of Multinational Firms
t0168 Igal Hendel
Estimating Multiple-Discrete Choice Models: An Application to Computeri-zzation Returns
w4899 Shane Greenstein
From Superminis to Supercomputers: Estimating Surplus in the Computing Market
w4901 Timothy F. Bresnahan
Shane Greenstein

The Competitive Crash in Large-Scale Commercial Computing
w4904 Ernst R. Berndt
Linda Bui
David Reiley
Glen Urban

The Roles of Marketing, Product Quality and Price Competition in the Growth and Composition of the U.S. Anti-Ulcer Drug Industry
w4854 Elhanan Helpman
Manuel Trajtenberg

A Time to Sow and a Time to Reap: Growth Based on General Purpose Technologies
w4823 Boyan Jovanovic
Yaw Nyarko

The Transfer of Human Capital
w4826 Alvin J. Silk
Ernst R. Berndt

Costs, Institutional Mobility Barriers, and Market Structure: Advertising Agencies as Multiproduct Firms
w4835 Jean Olson Lanjouw
Economic Consequences of a Changing Litigation Environment: The Case of Patents
w4845 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Theofanis P. Mamuneas

Infrastructure and Public R&D Investments, and the Growth of Factor Productivity in US Manufacturing Industries
w4812 W. Erwin Diewert
Ann Marie Smith

Productivity Measurement for a Distribution Firm
w4739 Boyan Jovanovic
Yaw Nyarko

"Learning By Doing and the Choice of Technology."
w4741 Martin Neil Baily
Eric J. Bartelsman
John Haltiwanger

Downsizing and Productivity Growth: Myth or Reality?
t0085 Benedikt M. Potscher
Ingmar R. Prucha

On the Formulation of Uniform Laws of Large Numbers: A Truncation Approach
w4682 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
Pierre Mohnen

International R&D Spillovers Between U.S. and Japanese R&D Intensive Sectors
w4646 Samuel Kortum
A Model of Research, Patenting, and Technological Change
w4647 Shane M. Greenstein
Did Computer Technology Diffuse Quickly?: Best and Average Practice in Mainframe Computers, 1968-1983
w4653 Lynne G. Zucker
Michael R. Darby
Marilynn B. Brewer

Intellectual Capital and the Birth of U.S. Biotechnology Enterprises
w4610 Robert J. Barro
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Quality Improvements in Models of Growth
1993
w4591 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Ingmar R. Prucha

Estimation of the Depreciation Rate of Physical and R&D Capital in the U.S. Total Manufacturing Sector
w4538 Charles R. Hulten
Robert M. Schwab

Endogenous Growth, Public Capital, and the Convergence of Regional Manufacturing Industries
w4540 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Output Contributions of Computer Equipment and Personnel: A Firm- Level Analysis
w4549 Ernst R. Berndt
Zvi Griliches
Neal Rappaport

Econometric Estimates of Prices Indexes for Personal Computers in the 1990s
w4455 Boyan Jovanovic
Saul Lach

Diffusion Lags and Aggregate Fluctuations. New Name: Product Innovation and the Business Cycle.
w4463 Boyan Jovanovic
Glenn MacDonald

Competitive Diffusion
w4466 Rebecca Henderson
Iain Cockburn

Scale, Scope and Spillovers: The Determinants of Research Productivity in the Pharmaceutical Industry
w4475 Jean Olson Lanjouw
Patent Protection: Of What Value and for How Long?
w4423 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Innovations and Technological Spillovers
w4441 Boyan Jovanovic
Glenn MacDonald

The Life-Cycle of a Competitive Industry
w4401 Robert C. Feenstra
Measuring the Welfare Effect of Quality Change: Theory and Application of Japanese Autos
w4370 Ricardo J. Caballero
Adam B. Jaffe

How High are the Giants' Shoulders: An Empirical Assessment of Knowledge Spillovers and Creative Destruction in a Model of Economic Growth
w4321 Wayne B. Gray
Ronald J. Shadbegian

Environmental Regulation and Manufacturing Productivity at the Plant Level
w4309 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Production, Financial Structure and Productivity Growth in U.S. Manufacturing
w4272 Zvi Griliches
Iain Cockburn

Generics and New Goods in Pharmaceutical Price Indexes
w4277 Helen Tauchen
Ann Dryden Witte
Harriet Griesinger

Criminal Deterrence: Revisiting the Issue with a Birth Cohort
w4255 Eli Berman
John Bound
Zvi Griliches

Changes in the Demand for Skilled Labor within U.S. Manufacturing Industries: Evidence from the Annual Survey of Manufacturing
w4264 Steven Berry
James Levinsohn
Ariel Pakes

Automobile Prices in Market Equilibrium: Part I and II
1992
w4225 Melvyn Fuss
Steven Murphy
Leonard Waverman

The State of the North American and Japanese Motor Vehicle Industries: A Partially Calibrated Model to Examine the Impacts of Trade Policy Changes
w4240 Bronwyn Hall
R&D Tax Policy During the Eighties: Success or Failure?
w4194 Iain Cockburn
Murray Frank

Market Conditions and Retirement of Physical Capital: Evidence fron Oil Tankers
w4161 Frank R. Lichtenberg
R&D Investment and International Productivity Differences
w4175 Robert S. Pindyck
Investments of Uncertain Cost
w4146 Manuel Trajtenberg
Rebecca Henderson
Adam Jaffe

Ivory Tower Versus Corporate Lab: An Empirical Study of Basic Research and Appropriability
w4148 Timothy F. Bresnahan
Manuel Trajtenberg

General Purpose Technologies "Engines of Growth?"
w4114 Robert C. Feenstra
James R. Markusen

Accounting for Growth With New Inputs
w4096 Bronwyn H. Hall
Investment and Research and Development at the Firm Level: Does the Source of Financing Matter?
w4072 Arie Bregman
Melvyn Fuss
Haim Regev

The Production and Cost Structure of Israeli Industry: Evidence From Individual Firm Data
w4059 Zvi Griliches
Haim Regev

Productivity and Firm Turnover in Israeli Industry: 1979-1988
w4060 Saul Lach
Rafael Rob

R&D, Investment and Industry Dynamics
w4009 Ernst R. Berndt
Zvi Griliches
Joshua G. Rosett

Auditing the Producer Price Index: Micro Evidence From Prescription Pharmaceutical Preparations
w4010 Ernst R. Berndt
Catherine J. Morrison
Larry S. Rosenblum

High-Tech Capital Formation and Labor Composition in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: An Exploratory Analysis
w4026 Tor Jakob Klette
Zvi Griliches

The Inconsistency of Common Scale Estimators When Output Prices Are Unobserved and Engogenous
w3988 Robert J. Gordon
Forward Into the Past: Productivity Retrogression in the Electric Generating Industry
w3993 Adam B. Jaffe
Manuel Trajtenberg
Rebecca Henderson

Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations
t0119 Ariel Pakes
Paul McGuire

Computing Markov Perfect Nash Equilibria: Numerical Implications of a Dynamic Differentiated Product Model
w3956 Bronwyn H. Hall
Jacques Mairesse

Exploring the Relationship Between R&D and Productivity in French Manufacturing Firms
w3969 Robert J. Gordon
Measuring the Aggregate Price Level: Implications For Economic Performance and Policy
w3970 Charles R. Hulten
What is Productivity: Capacity or Welfare Management?
w3971 Charles R. Hulten
Growth Accounting When Technical Change is Embodied in Capital
w3977 G. Steven Olley
Ariel Pakes

The Dynamics of Productivity in the Telecommunications Equipment Industry
w3979 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
Information Spillovers, Margins, Scale and Scope: With an Application to Canadian Life Insurance
w3981 Catherine J. Morrison
Amy Ellen Schwartz

State Infrastructure and Productive Performance
w3982 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
Price Margins and Capital Adjustment: Canadian Mill Products and Pulp and Paper Industries
1991
w3935 Donald Siegel
Errors in Output Deflators Revisited: Unit Values and the PPI
w3939 David H. Good
M. Ishaq Nadiri
Robin C. Sickles

The Structure of Production, Technical Change and Efficiency in a Multiproduct Industry: An Application to U.S. Airlines
w3887 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Theofanis P. Mamuneas

The Effects of Public Infrastructure and R&D Capital on the Cost Structure and Performance of U.S. Manufacturing Industries
w3828 Catherine J. Morrison
Investment in Capital Assets and Economic Performance: The U.S. Chemicals and Primary Metals Industries in Transition
w3836 Fumio Hayashi
Measuring Depreciation For Japan: Rejoinder to Dekle and Summers
w3841 Ann F. Friedlaender
Ernst R. Berndt
Judy Shaw-Er Wang Chiang
Mark Showalter
Christopher A. Vellturo

Rail Costs and Capital Adjustments in a Quasi-Regulated Environment
w3842 Ernst R. Berndt
Bengt Hansson

Measuring the Contribution of Public Infrastructure Capital in Sweden
w3815 Robert J. Gordon
Productivity in the Transportation Sector
w3768 Zvi Griliches
The Search for R&D Spillovers
w3771 Swati Mukerjee
Ann Dryden Witte

Measurement of Output and Quality Adjustment When Hedonics Cannot Be Used: An Illustration for the Day Care Industry
w3780 Mark Schankerman
How Valuable is Patent Protection? Estimates By Technology Field Using Patent Renewal Data
w3749 Ernst R. Berndt
Ann F. Friedlaender
Judy Shaw-Er Wang Chiang
Christopher A. Vellturo

Mergers, Deregulation and Cost Savings in the U.S. Rail Industry
w3697 Benjamin Eden
Zvi Griliches

Productivity, Market Power and Capacity Utilization When Spot Markets are Complete
r1559 David M. Cutler
James M. Poterba
Louise M. Sheiner
Lawrence H. Summers

An Aging Society: Opportunity or Challenge?
w3678 Donald Siegel
Zvi Griliches

Purchased Services, Outsourcing, Computers, and Productivity in Manufacturing
w3680 Ingmar R. Prucha
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Endogenous Capital Utilization and Productivity Measurement in Dynamic Factor Demand Models: Theory and an Application to the U.S. Electrical...
w3665 Elizabeth Kremp
Jacques Mairesse

Dispersion and Heterogeneity of Firm Performances in Nine French Service Industries, 1984-1987
w3666 Jacques Mairesse
Mohamed Sassenou

R&D Productivity: A Survey of Econometric Studies at the Firm Level
r1523 Martin Neil Baily
Charles L. Schultze

The Productivity of Capital in a Period of Slower Growth
w3610 Robert C. Feenstra
New Goods and Index Numbers: U.S. Import Prices
w3625 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Product Demand, Cost of Production, Spillovers, and the Social Rate of Return to R&D
w3582 Catherine J. Morrison
Ernst R. Berndt

Assessing the Productivity of Information Technology Equipment in U.S. Manufacturing Industries
w3584 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
Pierre A. Mohnen

Price-Cost Margins, Exports and Productivity Growth: With an Application to Canadian Industries
1990
w3568 Sanghamitra Das
A Micro Econometric Model of Capital Utilization and Retirement
w3463 Alvin J. Silk
Ernst R. Berndt

Scale and Scope Effects on Advertising Agency Costs
w3490 Ernst R. Berndt
Zvi Griliches
Joshua G. Rosett

On the Accuracy of Producer Price Indexes for Pharmaceutical Preparations: An Audit Based on Detailed Firm-Specific Data
w3502 R. Glenn Hubbard
Robert J. Weiner

Efficient Contracting and Market Power: Evidence from the U.S. Natural Gas Industry
w3378 Ernst R. Berndt
Zvi Griliches

Price Indexes for Microcomputers: An Exploratory Study
w3396 Ernst R. Berndt
Ann F. Friedlaender
Judy Shaw-Er Wang Chiang

Interdependent Pricing and Markup Behavior: An Empirical Analysis of GM, Ford and Chrysler
w3355 Catherine J. Morrison
Market Power, Economic Profitability and Productivity Growth Measurement: An Integrated Structural Approach
w3366 Bronwyn H. Hall
The Manufacturing Sector Master File: 1959-1987
w3318 Michael D. Whinston
Scott C. Collins

Entry, Contestability, and Deregulated Airline Markets: An Event Study Analysis of People Express
w3326 Fumio Hayashi
Tohru Inoue

The Relation Between Firm Growth and Q with Multiple Capital Goods: Theory and Evidence from Panel Data on Japanese Firms
w3301 Zvi Griliches
Patent Statistics as Economic Indicators: A Survey
w3261 Manuel Trajtenberg
Product Innovations, Price Indices and the (Mis)Measurement of Economic Performance
w3264 John F. Helliwell
Alan Chung

Macroeconomic Convergence: International Transmission of Growth and Technical Progress
w3231 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Industrial De-Diversification and its Consequences for Productivity
1989
h0010 Kenneth L. Sokoloff
B. Zorina Khan

The Democratization of Invention During Early Industrialization: Evidence from the United States, 1790-1846
w3197 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Moshe Kim

The Effects of Mergers on Prices, Costs, and Capacity Utilization in the U.S. Air Transportation Industry, 1970-84
w3205 Fumio Hayashi
Japan's Saving Rate: New Data and Reflections
w3216 Bronwyn H. Hall
The Impact of Corporate Restructuring on Industrial Research and Development
r1265 Ariel Pakes
Margaret Simpson

Patent Renewal Data
w3025 Frank R. Lichtenberg
How Elastic is the Government's Demand for Weapons?
w3041 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Ingmar R. Prucha

Dynamic Factor Demand Models, Productivity Measurement, and Rates of Return: Theory and an Empirical Application to the U.S. Bell System
r1208 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Donald Siegel

Productivity and Changes in Ownership of Manufacturing Plants
w2993 Catherine J. Morrison
Unraveling the Productivity Growth Slowdown in the U.S., Canada and Japan: The Effects of Subequilibrium, Scale Economies and Markup
w2995 Michael D. Whinston
Tying, Foreclosure, and Exclusion
w3022 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Donald Siegel

The Effects of Leveraged Buyouts on Productivity and Related Aspects of Firm Behavior
t0040 W. Erwin Diewert
T.J. Wales

Flexible Functional Forms and Global Curvature Conditions
w2969 Arie Bregman
Melvyn Fuss
Haim Regev

High Tech Firms in Israeli Industry
w2973 Bronwyn Hall
Fumio Hayashi

Research and Development As An Investment
w2922 Zvi Griliches
Patents: Recent Trends and Puzzles
w2932 Ernst R. Berndt
Melvyn A. Fuss

Economic Capacity Utilization and Productivity Measurement for Multi-product firms with multiple quasi-fixed inputs
w2941 Catherine J. Morrison
Markup Behavior in Durable and Nondurable Manufacturing: A production Theory Approach
w2876 Richard C. Levin
Peter C. Reiss

Cost-Reducing and Demand-Creating R&D With Spillovers
w2893 Ariel Pakes
Richard Ericson

Empirical Implications of Alternative Models of Firm Dynamics
w2901 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Donald Siegel

The Impact of R&D Investment On Productivity - New Evidence Using Linked R&D-LRD Data
a0738 Zvi Griliches and Ernst R. Berndt
Productivity and Technical Change
1988
t0072 Bronwyn H. Hall
Clint Cumminq
Elizabeth S. Laderman
Joy Mundy

The R&D Master File Documentation
w2799 Catherine J. Morrison
Markups in U.S. and Japanese Manufacturing: A Short Run Econometric Analysis
w2732 Ann P. Bartel
Frank R. Lichtenberg

Technical Change, Learning, and Wages
w2745 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Government Subsidies to Private Military R&D Investment: DOD's IR&D Policy
w2713 W. Erwin Diewert
The Early History of Price Index Research
w2720 Frank R. Lichtenberg
IR&D Project Data and Theories of R&D Investment
w2676 Nancy L. Rose
Paul L. Joskow

The Diffusion of New Technologies: Evidence From the Electric Utility Industry
w2619 Jacques Mairesse
Zvi Griliches

Heterogeneity in Panel Data: Are There Stable Production Functions?
w2624 Zvi Griliches
Bronwyn H. Hall
Ariel Pakes

R&D, Patents, and Market Value Revisited: Is There Evidence of A SecondTechnological Opportunity Related Factor?
w2634 Zvi Griliches
Hedonic Price Indexes and the Measurement of Capital and Productivity: Some Historical Reflections
w2570 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Rates Of Return On Physical And R&D Capital And Structure Of The Production Process: Cross Section And Time Series Evidence
w2571 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Investment, Depreciation, And Capital Utilization
w2554 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Interindustry R&D Spillovers, Rates Of Return, and Production In High-Tech Industries
1987
w2457 Manuel Trajtenberg
Patents, Citations and Innovations: Tracing the Links
w2465 Iain Cockburn
Zvi Griliches

Industry Effects and Appropriability Measures in the Stock Markets Valuation of R&D and Patents
w2401 Melvyn A. Fuss
Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Estimation of the Variance-Covariance Matrix for the Almost Ideal Demand System
w2404 Charles R. Hulten
James W. Robertson
Frank C. Wykoff

Energy, Obsolescence, and the Productivity Slowdown
w2377 Saul Lach
Mark Schankerman

The Interaction Between Capital Investment and R&D in Science-Based Firms
w2314 Charles R. Hulten
Robert M. Schwab

Income Originating in the State and Local Sector
w2205 Wesley M. Cohen
Richard C. Levin
David C. Mowery

Firm Size and R&D Intensity: A Re-Examination
w2227 Robert J. Gordon
The Postwar Evolution of Computer Prices
w2191 Bronwyn H. Hall
The Effect of Takeover Activity on Corporate Research and Development
1986
w2097 Andrew B. Abel
N. Gregory Mankiw
Lawrence H. Summers
Richard J. Zeckhauser

Assessing Dynamic Efficiency: Theory and Evidence
w2101 Daniel M.G. Raff
Lawrence H. Summers

Did Henry Ford Pay Efficiency Wages?
w2083 Zvi Griliches
Ariel Pakes
Bronwyn H. Hall

The Value of Patents as Indicators of Inventive Activity
w2022 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Price Inertia and Inflation: Evidence and Theoretical Rationale
w2000 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Zvi Griliches

Errors of Measurement in Output Deflators
w2002 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Research and Development and Intraindustry Spillovers: An Empirical Application of Dynamic Duality
w2011 W. Erwin Diewert
Export Supply and Import Demand Functions: A Production Theory Approach
w1974 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Private Investment in R&D to Signal Ability to Perform Government Contracts
w1953 Melvyn Fuss
Leonard Waverman

The Canada-U.S. Auto Pact of 1965: An Experiment in Selective Trade Liberalization
w1965 Bronwyn H. Hall
The Relationship Between Firm Size and Firm Growth in the U.S. Manufacturing Sector
a0749 Zvi Griliches
Productivity and Technical Change
w1848 Catherine J. Morrison
W. Erwin Diewert

Productivity Growth and Changes in the Terms of Trade in Japan and the U.S.
w1849 Melvyn A. Fuss
Leonard Waverman

The Extent and Sources of Cost and Efficiency Differences Between U.S. and Japanese Automobile Producers
w1850 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Ingmar R. Prucha

Comparison and Analysis of Productivity Growth and R&D Investment in theElectrical Machinery Industries of the United States and Japan
w1798 Raaj Kumar Sah
Joseph E. Stiglitz

The Invariance of R&D to the Number of Firms in the Industry
w1815 Adam B. Jaffe
Technological Opportunity and Spillovers of R&D: Evidence from Firms' Patents, Profits and Market Value
1985
t0053 W. Erwin Diewert
Microeconomic Approaches to the Theory of International Comparisons
w1778 Zvi Griliches
Jacques Mairesse

R&D and Productivity Growth: Comparing Japanese and U.S. Manufacturing Firms
w1718 Ann P. Bartel
Frank R. Lichtenberg

The Comparative Advantage of Educated Workers in Implementing New Technology: Some Empirical Evidence
w1724 Manuel Trajtenberg
The Welfare Analysis of Product Innovations with an Application to CT Scanners
w1735 Melvyn A. Fuss
Leonard Waverman

Productivity Growth in the Automobile Industry, 1970-1980: A Comparisonof Canada, Japan and the United States
w1763 Klaus Conrad
Catherine J. Morrison

The Impact of Pollution Abatement Investment on Productivity Change: AnEmpirical Comparison of the U.S., Germany, and Canada
w1764 Susan M. Capalbo
Michael Denny

Testing Long-Run Productivity Models for the Canadian and U.S. Agricultural Sectors
w1674 Gene M. Grossman
Carl Shapiro

Dynamic R&D Competition
w1658 Gene M. Grossman
Carl Shapiro

Optimal Dynamic R&D Programs
w1650 Mark Schankerman
Ariel Pakes

Estimates of the Value of Patent Rights in European Countries During thePost-1950 Period
w1607 Roger H. Gordon
Mark Schankerman
Richard H. Spady

Estimating the Effects of R&D on Bell System Productivity: A Model of Embodied Technical Change
w1554 Jacques Mairesse
Brigitte Dormont

Labor and Investment Demand at the Firm Level: A Comparison of French, German and U.S. Manufacturing, 1970-79
w1555 Steven G. Allen
Why Construction Industry Productivity is Declining
w1561 Catherine J. Morrison
Productivity Measurement with Nonstatic Expectations and Varying Capacity Utilization: An Integrated Approach
w1564 W. Erwin Diewert
Catherine J. Morrison

Adjusting Output and Productivity Indexes for Changes in the Terms of Trade
w1536 Catherine J. Morrison
On the Economic Interpretation and Measurement of Optimal Capacity Utilization with Anticipatory Expectations
w1547 Zvi Griliches
Productivity, R&d, and Basic Research at the Firm Level in the 1970s
1984
w1513 Ryuzo Sato
R & D Activities and the Technology Game: A Dynamic Model of U.S.-JapanCompetition
r0542 Zvi Griliches
Frank R. Lichtenberg

Interindustry Technology Flows and Productivity Growth: A Reexamination
t0017 Jerry A. Hausman
Bronwyn H. Hall
Zvi Griliches

Econometric Models for Count Data with an Application to the Patents-R&D Relationship
w1454 Bronwyn H. Hall
Zvi Griliches
Jerry A. Hausman

Patents and R&D: Is There A Lag?
w1432 Adam B. Jaffe
Market Demand, Technological Opportunity and Research Spillovers on R&D Intensity and Productivity Growth
t0039 Zvi Griliches
Data Problems in Econometrics
w1340 Ariel Pakes
Patents as Options: Some Estimates of the Value of Holding European Patent Stocks
w1259 Mark Schankerman
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Restriced Cost Functions and the Rate of Return to Quasi-Fixed Factors, with an Application to R&D and Capital in the Bell System
w1264 Pierre A. Mohnen
M. Ishaq Nadiri
Ingmar R. Prucha

R&D, Production Structure, and Productivity Growth in the U.S., Japaneseand German Manufacturing Sectors
1983
w1227 Bronwyn H. Hall
Zvi Griliches
Jerry A. Hausman

Patents and R&D: Searching for a Lag Structure
w1238 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Does Knowledge Intensity Matter? A Dynamic Analysis of Research and Development, Capital Utilization and Labor Requirements
w1211 Makoto Ohta
Automobile Prices and Quality: Did the Gasoline Price Increase Change Consumer Tastes in the U.S.?
a0761 Zvi Griliches
Productivity and Technical Change
w1068 Philippe Cuneo
Jacques Mairesse

Productivity and R&D at the Firm Level in French Manufacturing
1982
w1016 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Research and Development, Utilization and Labor Requirements: A Dynamic Analysis
w1017 Jeffrey I. Bernstein
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Financing and Investment in Plant and Equipment and Research and Development
t0026 Ingmar R. Prucha
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Formulation and Estimation of Dynamic Factor Demand Equations Under Non-Static Expectations: A Finite Horizon Model
w1008 Manuel Trajtenberg
Shlomo Yitzhaki

The Diffusion of Innovations: A Methodological Reappraisal
a0763 Zvi Griliches
Productivity and Industrial Change in the World Economy
w0952 John J. Beggs
Long Run Trends in Patenting
w0961 Zvi Griliches
Jacques Mairesse

Comparing Productivity Growth: An Exploration of French and U.S. Industrial and Firm Data
w0968 Jacques Mairesse
Alan K. Siu

An Extended Accelerator Model of R&D and Physical Investment
w0931 Mark Schankerman
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Investment in R&D, Costs of Adjustment and Expectations
w0933 Ariel Pakes
Zvi Griliches

Estimating Distributed Lags in Short Panels with an Application to the Specification of Depreciation Patterns and Capital Stock Constructs
w0908 John Bound
Clint Cummins
Zvi Griliches
Bronwyn H. Hall
Adam B. Jaffe

Who Does R&D and Who Patents?
w0916 Kim B. Clark
Zvi Griliches

Productivity Growth and R&D at the Business Level: Results From the PIMS Data Base
w0895 Ernst R. Berndt
Melvyn A. Fuss

Productivity Measurement Using Capital Asset Valuation to Adjust for Variations in Utilization
w0871 Ariel Pakes
Shmuel Nitzan

Optimum Contracts for Research Personnel, Research Employment, and the Establishment of "Rival" Enterprises
w0850 Zvi Griliches
Frank R. Lichtenberg

R and D and Productivity at the Industry Level: Is There Still a Relationship?
1981
w0826 Zvi Griliches
Jacques Mairesse

Productivity and R and D at the Firm Level
r0218 Partha Dasgupta
Richard Gilbert
Joseph E. Stiglitz

Energy Resources and Research and Development
w0786 Ariel Pakes
Patents, R and D, and the Stock Market Rate of Return
w0671 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Training, Tenure, and Productivity
r0156 Partha Dasgupta
Joseph E. Stiglitz

Uncertainty, Industrial Structure, and the Speed of R&D
w0660 Michael Bruno
Raw Materials, Profits, and the Productivity Slowdown (Rev)
1980
t0008 Gary Chamberlain
Multivariate Refression Models for Paned Data
w0597 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Mark Schankerman

Variable Cost Functions and the Rate of Return to Quasi-Fixed Factors: An Application to R and D in the Bell System
t0004 Zvi Griliches
Ariel Pakes

The Estimation of Distributed Lags in Short Panels
w0561 Ariel Pakes
Zvi Griliches

Patents and R and D at the Firm Level: A First Look
w0441 Jacob Mincer
Linda S. Leighton

Effect of Minimum Wages on Human Capital Formation
w0423 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Sectoral Productivity Slowdown
w0427 Robert J. Gordon
The "End-of-Expansion" Phenomenon in Short-run Productivity Behavior
w0434 Zvi Griliches
R&D and the Productivity Slowdown
w0438 Ariel Pakes
Mark Schankerman

An Exploration into the Determinants of Research Intensity
1979
w0408 Robert J. Gordon
Energy Efficiency, User Cost Changes, and the Measurement of Durable Goods Prices
w0400 Richard B. Freeman
The Effect of Unionism on Worker Attachment to Firms
w0358 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Mark Schankerman

The Structure of Production, Technological Change, and the Rate of Growth of Total Factor Productivity in the Bell System
w0359 Sebastian Arango
M. Ishaq Nadiri

Price Expectations, Foreign Exchange and Interest Rates, and Demand for Money in an Open Economy
w0360 M. Ishaq Nadiri
Contributions and Determinants of Research and Development Expenditures in the U.S. Manufacturing Industries
w0344 Ariel Pakes
Aggregation Effects And Panel Data Estimation Problems: An Investigationof the R&D Intensity Decision
w0346 Ariel Pakes
Mark Schankerman

The Rate of Obsolescence Of Knowledge, Research Gestation Lags, and the Private Rate of Return to Research Resources
1977
w0216 John B. Shoven
An Evaluation of the Role of Factor Markets and Intensities in the Social Security Crisis: A Progress Report
w0184 Gary S. Becker
A Theory of the Production and Allocation of Effort

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