NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Archive of NBER Papers on Children

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2014
w20802 John P. Papay
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

Income-based Inequality in Educational Outcomes: Learning from State Longitudinal Data Systems
w20811 Anirban Basu
Andrew M. Jones
Pedro Rosa Dias

The Roles of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills in Moderating the Effects of Mixed-Ability Schools on Long-Term Health
w20810 Alexander Gelber
Adam Isen
Judd B. Kessler

The Effects of Youth Employment: Evidence from New York City Summer Youth Employment Program Lotteries
w20788 Muriel Niederle
Gender
w20784 Esther Duflo
Pascaline Dupas
Michael Kremer

Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya
w20792 Atila Abdulkadiroğlu
Joshua D. Angrist
Peter D. Hull
Parag A. Pathak

Charters Without Lotteries: Testing Takeovers in New Orleans and Boston
w20800 Joshua Angrist
David Autor
Sally Hudson
Amanda Pallais

Leveling Up: Early Results from a Randomized Evaluation of Post-Secondary Aid
w20756 Robin L. Lumsdaine
Stephanie J.C. Vermeer

Retirement Timing of Women and the Role of Care Responsibilities for Grandchildren
w20757 Junjian Yi
James J. Heckman
Junsen Zhang
Gabriella Conti

Early Health Shocks, Intrahousehold Resource Allocation, and Child Outcomes
w20763 Richard Akresh
German Daniel Caruso
Harsha Thirumurthy

Medium-Term Health Impacts of Shocks Experienced In Utero and After Birth: Evidence from Detailed Geographic Information on War Exposure
w20764 Resul Cesur
Bahadir Dursun
Naci Mocan

The Impact of Education on Health and Health Behavior in a Middle-Income, Low-Education Country
w20773 Marinho Bertanha
Guido W. Imbens

External Validity in Fuzzy Regression Discontinuity Designs
w20781 Joseph G. Altonji
Richard K. Mansfield

Group-Average Observables as Controls for Sorting on Unobservables When Estimating Group Treatment Effects: the Case of School and Neighborhood Effects
w20749 Tim Kautz
James J. Heckman
Ron Diris
Bas ter Weel
Lex Borghans

Fostering and Measuring Skills: Improving Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills to Promote Lifetime Success
w20723 Marie Louise Schultz-Nielsen
Erdal Tekin
Jane Greve

Labor Market Effects of Intrauterine Exposure to Nutritional Deficiency: Evidence from Administrative Data on Muslim Immigrants in Denmark
w20722 Soohyung Lee
Lesley J. Turner
Seokjin Woo
Kyunghee Kim

All or Nothing? The Impact of School and Classroom Gender Composition on Effort and Academic Achievement
w20727 Eric A. Hanushek
Marc Piopiunik
Simon Wiederhold

The Value of Smarter Teachers: International Evidence on Teacher Cognitive Skills and Student Performance
w20714 Leonardo Bursztyn
Robert Jensen

How Does Peer Pressure Affect Educational Investments?
w20689 Jonathan Guryan
James S. Kim
David M. Quinn

Does Reading During the Summer Build Reading Skills? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in 463 Classrooms
w20657 Andrew Bacher-Hicks
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Validating Teacher Effect Estimates Using Changes in Teacher Assignments in Los Angeles
w20662 Prashant Bharadwaj
Joshua Graff Zivin
Matthew Gibson
Christopher A. Neilson

Gray Matters: Fetal Pollution Exposure and Human Capital Formation
w20659 Benjamin N. York
Susanna Loeb

One Step at a Time: The Effects of an Early Literacy Text Messaging Program for Parents of Preschoolers
w20647 Victor Lavy
Avraham Ebenstein
Sefi Roth

The Long Run Human Capital and Economic Consequences of High-Stakes Examinations
w20648 Victor Lavy
Avraham Ebenstein
Sefi Roth

The Impact of Short Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution on Cognitive Performance and Human Capital Formation
w20599 Nils Wernerfelt
David Slusky
Richard Zeckhauser

Second Trimester Sunlight and Asthma: Evidence from Two Independent Studies
w20609 Adam M. Lavecchia
Heidi Liu
Philip Oreopoulos

Behavioral Economics of Education: Progress and Possibilities
w20586 Grant Miller
Kimberly Singer Babiarz

Family Planning: Program Effects
w20539 Kenneth Y. Chay
Jonathan Guryan
Bhashkar Mazumder

Early Life Environment and Racial Inequality in Education and Earnings in the United States
w20557 Naci Mocan
Luiza Pogorelova

Compulsory Schooling Laws and Formation of Beliefs: Education, Religion and Superstition
w20525 Alice Chen
Emily Oster
Heidi Williams

Why is Infant Mortality Higher in the US than in Europe?
w20509 Bruce Meyer
Nikolas Mittag

Misclassification in Binary Choice Models
w20430 Philip Oreopoulos
Robert S. Brown
Adam M. Lavecchia

Pathways to Education: An Integrated Approach to Helping At-Risk High School Students
w20434 Marianne P. Bitler
Hilary W. Hoynes
Thurston Domina

Experimental Evidence on Distributional Effects of Head Start
w20400 Janet Currie
Ishita Rajani

Within-Mother Estimates of the Effects of WIC on Birth Outcomes in New York City
w20413 Charles L. Baum
Christopher J. Ruhm

The Changing Benefits of Early Work Experience
w20380 Seema Jayachandran
The Roots of Gender Inequality in Developing Countries
w20384 Byungkyu Lee
Dalton Conley

Does the Gender of Offspring Affect Parental Political Orientation?
w20366 Jessica Wolpaw Reyes
Lead Exposure and Behavior: Effects on Antisocial and Risky Behavior among Children and Adolescents
w20368 Janet Currie
Hannes Schwandt

The 9/11 Dust Cloud and Pregnancy Outcomes: A Reconsideration
w20332 D. Mark Anderson
Benjamin Hansen
Daniel I. Rees

Medical Marijuana Laws and Teen Marijuana Use
w20308 Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach
Mary Zaki

Expanding the School Breakfast Program: Impacts on Children's Consumption, Nutrition and Health
w20318 Brigitte C. Madrian
Applying Insights from Behavioral Economics to Policy Design
w20279 Brian Beach
Joseph Ferrie
Martin Saavedra
Werner Troesken

Typhoid Fever, Water Quality, and Human Capital Formation
w20272 Seema Jayachandran
Fertility Decline and Missing Women
w20195 Melissa S. Kearney
Phillip B. Levine

Income Inequality, Social Mobility, and the Decision to Drop Out of High School
w20214 Matthias Doepke
Fabrizio Zilibotti

Parenting with Style: Altruism and Paternalism in Intergenerational Preference Transmission
w20189 Pierre-André Chiappori
Costas Meghir

Intra-household Welfare
w20191 Pierre-André Chiappori
Costas Meghir

Intrahousehold Inequality
w20164 Brian Jacob
Max Kapustin
Jens Ludwig

Human Capital Effects of Anti-Poverty Programs: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Voucher Lottery
w20166 Ming-Jen Lin
Elaine M. Liu

Does in utero Exposure to Illness Matter? The 1918 Influenza Epidemic in Taiwan as a Natural Experiment
w20169 Marianne P. Bitler
Madeline Zavodny

Medicaid: A Review of the Literature
w20173 Joshua D. Angrist
Erich Battistin
Daniela Vuri

In a Small Moment: Class Size and Moral Hazard in the Mezzogiorno
w20178 Sarah Cohodes
Daniel Grossman
Samuel Kleiner
Michael F. Lovenheim

The Effect of Child Health Insurance Access on Schooling: Evidence from Public Insurance Expansions
w20142 Marianne P. Bitler
Jonah B. Gelbach
Hilary W. Hoynes

Can Variation in Subgroups' Average Treatment Effects Explain Treatment Effect Heterogeneity? Evidence from a Social Experiment
w20103 Anna Aizer
Shari Eli
Joseph P. Ferrie
Adriana Lleras-Muney

The Long Term Impact of Cash Transfers to Poor Families
w20118 C. Kirabo Jackson
Rucker Johnson
Claudia Persico

The Effect of School Finance Reforms on the Distribution of Spending, Academic Achievement, and Adult Outcomes
w19971 James J. Heckman
John Eric Humphries
Greg Veramendi
Sergio S. Urzua

Education, Health and Wages
w19979 Sandra Black
Paul J. Devereux
Kjell Salvanes

Does grief transfer across generations? In-utero deaths and child outcomes
w19940 George Wehby
Breastfeeding and Child Disability: A Comparison of Siblings from the United States
w19915 Hugh Macartney
The Dynamic Effects of Educational Accountability
w19925 James J. Heckman
Stefano Mosso

The Economics of Human Development and Social Mobility
w19881 Alan Barreca
Karen Clay
Joel Tarr

Coal, Smoke, and Death: Bituminous Coal and American Home Heating
w19874 Alberto Bisin
Kyle Hyndman

Present-Bias, Procrastination and Deadlines in a Field Experiment
w19862 Philip J. Cook
Kenneth Dodge
George Farkas
Roland G. Fryer
Jr
Jonathan Guryan
Jens Ludwig
Susan Mayer
Harold Pollack
Laurence Steinberg

The (Surprising) Efficacy of Academic and Behavioral Intervention with Disadvantaged Youth: Results from a Randomized Experiment in Chicago
w19836 Dayanand S. Manoli
Nicholas Turner

Cash-on-Hand & College Enrollment: Evidence from Population Tax Data and Policy Nonlinearities
w19839 Stephanie von Hinke Kessler Scholder
George L. Wehby
Sarah Lewis
Luisa Zuccolo

Alcohol Exposure In Utero and Child Academic Achievement
w19843 Raj Chetty
Nathaniel Hendren
Patrick Kline
Emmanuel Saez

Where is the Land of Opportunity? The Geography of Intergenerational Mobility in the United States
w19844 Raj Chetty
Nathaniel Hendren
Patrick Kline
Emmanuel Saez
Nicholas Turner

Is the United States Still a Land of Opportunity? Recent Trends in Intergenerational Mobility
w19858 Adam Isen
Maya Rossin-Slater
W. Reed Walker

Every Breath You Take - Every Dollar You'll Make: The Long-Term Consequences of the Clean Air Act of 1970
w19795 Melissa S. Kearney
Phillip B. Levine

Media Influences on Social Outcomes: The Impact of MTV's 16 and Pregnant on Teen Childbearing
w19803 David J. Deming
Using School Choice Lotteries to Test Measures of School Effectiveness
w19785 Marianne Bitler
Hilary Hoynes
Elira Kuka

Do In-Work Tax Credits Serve as a Safety Net?
w19789 Liana Fox
Irwin Garfinkel
Neeraj Kaushal
Jane Waldfogel
Christopher Wimer

Waging War on Poverty: Historical Trends in Poverty Using the Supplemental Poverty Measure
2013
w19769 Resul Cesur
Naci H. Mocan

Does Secular Education Impact Religiosity, Electoral Participation and the Propensity to Vote for Islamic Parties? Evidence from an Education Reform in a Muslim Country
w19774 Joshua Angrist
The Perils of Peer Effects
w19742 Alberto Abadie
Matthew M. Chingos
Martin R. West

Endogenous Stratification in Randomized Experiments
w19741 Charles L. Baum
Christopher J. Ruhm

The Effects of Paid Family Leave in California on Labor Market Outcomes
w19756 Taryn Dinkelman
Mitigating Long-run Health Effects of Drought: Evidence from South Africa
w19735 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

The Impacts of Expanding Access to High-Quality Preschool Education
w19685 Dora Costa
Health and the Economy in the United States, from 1750 to the Present
w19656 James J. Heckman
Tim Kautz

Fostering and Measuring Skills: Interventions That Improve Character and Cognition
w19595 Gordon B. Dahl
Katrine V. Løken
Magne Mogstad
Kari Vea Salvanes

What Is the Case for Paid Maternity Leave?
w19597 Mehmet Alper Dinçer
Neeraj Kaushal
Michael Grossman

Women's Education: Harbinger of Another Spring? Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Turkey
w19599 Martha J. Bailey
Melanie E. Guldi
Brad J. Hershbein

Is There A Case for a "Second Demographic Transition"? Three Distinctive Features of the Post-1960 U.S. Fertility Decline
w19602 Prashant Bharadwaj
Leah K. Lakdawala
Nicholas Li

Perverse Consequences of Well Intentioned Regulation: Evidence from India's Child Labor Ban
w19571 Janet Currie
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Jamie Mullins
Matthew J. Neidell

What Do We Know About Short and Long Term Effects of Early Life Exposure to Pollution?
w19581 Will Dobbie
Roland G. Fryer
Jr

The Medium-Term Impacts of High-Achieving Charter Schools on Non-Test Score Outcomes
w19542 V. Joseph Hotz
Juan Pantano

Strategic Parenting, Birth Order and School Performance
w19552 Susan M. Dynarski
Steven W. Hemelt
Joshua M. Hyman

The Missing Manual: Using National Student Clearinghouse Data to Track Postsecondary Outcomes
w19554 Daniel L. Millimet
Rusty Tchernis

The Origins of Early Childhood Anthropometric Persistence
w19558 Lucie Schmidt
Lara Shore-Sheppard
Tara Watson

The Effect of Safety Net Programs on Food Insecurity
w19493 Martha J. Bailey
Fifty Years of Family Planning: New Evidence on the Long-Run Effects of Increasing Access to Contraception
w19440 Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

Contract Teachers: Experimental Evidence from India
w19464 Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman

Instruction Time, Classroom Quality, and Academic Achievement
w19444 David J. Deming
Sarah Cohodes
Jennifer Jennings
Christopher Jencks

School Accountability, Postsecondary Attainment and Earnings
w19452 Natalia Danzer
Victor Lavy

Parental Leave and Children's Schooling Outcomes: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from a Large Parental Leave Reform
w19449 Marianne Bitler
Hilary Hoynes

The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same? The Safety Net and Poverty in the Great Recession
w19423 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Jonah E. Rockoff

Measuring the Impacts of Teachers I: Evaluating Bias in Teacher Value-Added Estimates
w19424 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Jonah E. Rockoff

Measuring the Impacts of Teachers II: Teacher Value-Added and Student Outcomes in Adulthood
w19441 Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

The Aggregate Effect of School Choice: Evidence from a Two-stage Experiment in India
w19406 David N. Figlio
Morton O. Schapiro
Kevin B. Soter

Are Tenure Track Professors Better Teachers?
w19413 Shelly Lundberg
Robert A. Pollak

Cohabitation and the Uneven Retreat from Marriage in the U.S., 1950-2010
w19348 Hoyt Bleakley
Joseph P. Ferrie

Shocking Behavior : Random Wealth in Antebellum Georgia and Human Capital Across Generations
w19363 Peter Ganong
Jeffrey B. Liebman

The Decline, Rebound, and Further Rise in SNAP Enrollment: Disentangling Business Cycle Fluctuations and Policy Changes
w19331 Nicole M. Fortin
Philip Oreopoulos
Shelley Phipps

Leaving Boys Behind: Gender Disparities in High Academic Achievement
w19341 Karthik Muralidharan
Ketki Sheth

Bridging Education Gender Gaps in Developing Countries: The Role of Female Teachers
w19344 Silvia Prina
Heather Royer

The Importance of Parental Knowledge and Social Norms: Evidence from Weight Report Cards in Mexico
w19279 Eric V. Edmonds
Maheshwor Shrestha

You Get What You Pay For: Schooling Incentives and Child Labor
w19281 Maria D. Fitzpatrick
Michael F. Lovenheim

Early Retirement Incentives and Student Achievement
w19302 Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
David Powell
Paul Heaton
Eric L. Sevigny

Assessing the Effects of Medical Marijuana Laws on Marijuana and Alcohol Use: The Devil is in the Details
w19316 Orla Doyle
Colm Harmon
James J. Heckman
Caitriona Logue
Seong Moon

Measuring Investment in Human Capital Formation: An Experimental Analysis of Early Life Outcomes
w19263 Yin-Chi Wang
Ping Wang

Barriers to Health and the Poverty Trap
w19271 Marianne P. Bitler
Thurston Domina
Emily K. Penner
Hilary W. Hoynes

Distributional Effects of a School Voucher Program: Evidence from New York City
w19275 Joshua D. Angrist
Sarah R. Cohodes
Susan M. Dynarski
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Stand and Deliver: Effects of Boston's Charter High Schools on College Preparation, Entry, and Choice
w19173 Sonia R. Bhalotra
Guilhem Cassan
Irma Clots-Figueras
Lakshmi Iyer

Religion, Politician Identity and Development Outcomes: Evidence from India
w19227 Najy Benhassine
Florencia Devoto
Esther Duflo
Pascaline Dupas
Victor Pouliquen

Turning a Shove into a Nudge? A "Labeled Cash Transfer" for Education
w19237 Gordon B. Dahl
Andreas Ravndal Kostol
Magne Mogstad

Family Welfare Cultures
w19232 Jason Fletcher
Friends or Family? Revisiting the Effects of High School Popularity on Adult Earnings
w19233 James Feyrer
Dimitra Politi
David N. Weil

The Cognitive Effects of Micronutrient Deficiency: Evidence from Salt Iodization in the United States
w19241 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

Are Some Degrees Worth More than Others? Evidence from college admission cutoffs in Chile
w19242 Erin M. Johnson
M. Marit Rehavi

Physicians Treating Physicians: Information and Incentives in Childbirth
w19212 Lawrence E. Blume
William A. Brock
Steven N. Durlauf
Rajshri Jayaraman

Linear Social Interactions Models
w19215 Jason M. Fletcher
Stephen L. Ross
Yuxiu Zhang

The Determinants and Consequences of Friendship Composition
w19218 Thomas C. Buchmueller
Sean Orzol
Lara D. Shore-Sheppard

The Effect of Medicaid Payment Rates on Access to Dental Care Among Children
w19198 Ilyana Kuziemko
Katherine Meckel
Maya Rossin-Slater

Do Insurers Risk-Select Against Each Other? Evidence from Medicaid and Implications for Health Reform
w19185 Paul Gertler
James Heckman
Rodrigo Pinto
Arianna Zanolini
Christel Vermeersch
Susan Walker
Susan M. Chang
Sally Grantham-McGregor

Labor Market Returns to Early Childhood Stimulation: a 20-year Followup to an Experimental Intervention in Jamaica
w19161 Dhaval M. Dave
Sandra L. Decker
Robert Kaestner
Kosali Ilayperuma Simon

The Effect of Medicaid Expansions in the Late 1980s and Early 1990s on the Labor Supply of Pregnant Women
w19164 Nancy E. Reichman
Hope Corman
Kelly Noonan

Effects of Mental Health on Couple Relationship Status
w19138 Tomás Rau
Eugenio Rojas
Sergio Urzúa

Loans for Higher Education: Does the Dream Come True?
w19140 Manisha Shah
Bryce Millett Steinberg

Drought of Opportunities: Contemporaneous and Long Term Impacts of Rainfall Shocks on Human Capital
w19144 Flávio Cunha
Irma Elo
Jennifer Culhane

Eliciting Maternal Expectations about the Technology of Cognitive Skill Formation
w19153 Douglas Almond
Hongbin Li
Shuang Zhang

Land Reform and Sex Selection in China
w19128 Tom Vogl
Differential Fertility, Human Capital, and Development
w19102 Anna Aizer
Joseph J. Doyle
Jr.

Juvenile Incarceration, Human Capital and Future Crime: Evidence from Randomly-Assigned Judges
w19105 Janet Currie
Mark Stabile
Lauren E. Jones

Do Stimulant Medications Improve Educational and Behavioral Outcomes for Children with ADHD?
w19111 Jesper Bagger
Javier A. Birchenall
Hani Mansour
Sergio Urzúa

Education, Birth Order, and Family Size
w19077 James J. Heckman
Lakshmi K. Raut

Intergenerational Long Term Effects of Preschool - Structural Estimates from a Discrete Dynamic Programming Model
w19053 Philip Oreopoulos
Uros Petronijevic

Making College Worth It: A Review of Research on the Returns to Higher Education
w19046 Paul Gertler
Christel Vermeersch

Using Performance Incentives to Improve Medical Care Productivity and Health Outcomes
w19014 Sara Heller
Harold A. Pollack
Roseanna Ander
Jens Ludwig

Preventing Youth Violence and Dropout: A Randomized Field Experiment
w18987 Sandra E. Black
Aline Bütikofer
Paul J. Devereux
Kjell G. Salvanes

This Is Only a Test? Long-Run Impacts of Prenatal Exposure to Radioactive Fallout
w18994 Jason M. Lindo
Jessamyn Schaller
Benjamin Hansen

Caution! Men Not at Work: Gender-Specific Labor Market Conditions and Child Maltreatment
w19003 Elizabeth Ananat
Anna Gassman-Pines
Christina M. Gibson-Davis

Community-Wide Job Loss and Teenage Fertility
w18977 Janet Currie
W. Bentley MacLeod

Diagnosing Expertise: Human Capital, Decision Making and Performance Among Physicians
w18964 Grant Miller
A. Mushfiq Mobarak

Gender Differences in Preferences, Intra-Household Externalities, and Low Demand for Improved Cookstoves
w18933 Elizabeth Ananat
Shihe Fu
Stephen L. Ross

Race-Specific Agglomeration Economies: Social Distance and the Black-White Wage Gap
w18935 Joshua Graff Zivin
Matthew Neidell

Environment, Health, and Human Capital
w18915 Tomás Rau
Loreto Reyes
Sergio S. Urzúa

The Long-term Effects of Early Lead Exposure: Evidence from a case of Environmental Negligence
w18887 Hope Corman
Dhaval M. Dave
Nancy E. Reichman

Effects of Welfare Reform on Women's Crime
w18889 Lisa Barrow
Amy Claessens
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

The Impact of Chicago's Small High School Initiative
w18893 Michael Baker
Kevin Milligan

Boy-Girl Differences in Parental Time Investments: Evidence from Three Countries
w18876 Janet Currie
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Katherine Meckel
Matthew J. Neidell
Wolfram Schlenker

Something in the Water: Contaminated Drinking Water and Infant Health
w18846 David N. Figlio
Jonathan Guryan
Krzysztof Karbownik
Jeffrey Roth

The Effects of Poor Neonatal Health on Children's Cognitive Development
w18859 Gary Solon
Steven J. Haider
Jeffrey Wooldridge

What Are We Weighting For?
w18833 Debopam Bhattacharya
Pascaline Dupas
Shin Kanaya

Estimating the Impact of Means-tested Subsidies under Treatment Externalities with Application to Anti-Malarial Bednets
w18805 John Cawley
Stephanie von Hinke Kessler Scholder

The Demand for Cigarettes as Derived from the Demand for Weight Control
w18785 Michael J. Kottelenberg
Steven F. Lehrer

New Evidence on the Impacts of Access to and Attending Universal Childcare in Canada
w18772 Jens Ludwig
Greg J. Duncan
Lisa A. Gennetian
Lawrence F. Katz
Ronald C. Kessler
Jeffrey R. Kling
Lisa Sanbonmatsu

Long-Term Neighborhood Effects on Low-Income Families: Evidence from Moving to Opportunity
w18773 Pinka Chatterji
Sara Markowitz

Effects of Bicycle Helmet Laws on Children's Injuries
w18790 Gary Solon
Theoretical Models of Inequality Transmission across Multiple Generations
w18736 Resul Cesur
Erdal Tekin
Aydogan Ulker

Air Pollution and Infant Mortality: Evidence from the Expansion of Natural Gas Infrastructure
w18745 Brian Jacob
Brian McCall
Kevin M. Stange

College as Country Club: Do Colleges Cater to Students' Preferences for Consumption?
w18717 Joanna Lahey
Birthing a Nation: The Effect of Fertility Control Access on the 19th Century Demographic Transition
w18718 Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

Winning the War: Poverty from the Great Society to the Great Recession
w18701 Richard J. Murnane
U.S High School Graduation Rates: Patterns and Explanations
w18689 Jason Fletcher
The Effects of Childhood ADHD on Adult Labor Market Outcomes
w18692 Alan Barreca
Karen Clay
Olivier Deschenes
Michael Greenstone
Joseph S. Shapiro

Adapting to Climate Change: The Remarkable Decline in the U.S. Temperature-Mortality Relationship over the 20th Century
w18700 Janet Currie
Lucas Davis
Michael Greenstone
Reed Walker

Do Housing Prices Reflect Environmental Health Risks? Evidence from More than 1600 Toxic Plant Openings and Closings
w18665 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna

Nine Facts about Top Journals in Economics
w18679 Lena Edlund
Chulhee Lee

Son Preference, Sex Selection and Economic Development: The Case of South Korea
2012
w18664 Gabriella Conti
James J. Heckman

The Developmental Approach to Child and Adult Health
w18656 D. Mark Anderson
Resul Cesur
Erdal Tekin

Youth Depression and Future Criminal Behavior
w18662 Joshua Angrist
Miikka Rokkanen

Wanna Get Away? RD Identification Away from the Cutoff
w18648 Robert Bifulco
Jason M. Fletcher
Sun Jung Oh
Stephen L. Ross

Do Classmate Effects Fade Out?
w18639 Jason Fletcher
Barbara L. Wolfe

Increasing Our Understanding of the Health-Income Gradient in Children
w18624 C. Kirabo Jackson
Non-Cognitive Ability, Test Scores, and Teacher Quality: Evidence from 9th Grade Teachers in North Carolina
w18623 Eric V. Edmonds
Maheshwor Shrestha

The Impact of Minimum Age of Employment Regulation on Child Labor and Schooling: Evidence from UNICEF MICS Countries
w18576 Thomas Buser
Muriel Niederle
Hessel Oosterbeek

Gender, Competitiveness and Career Choices
w18581 James J. Heckman
Rodrigo Pinto
Peter A. Savelyev

Understanding the Mechanisms through Which an Influential Early Childhood Program Boosted Adult Outcomes
w18551 Philip Oreopoulos
Ryan Dunn

Information and College Access: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment
w18535 Hilary W. Hoynes
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach
Douglas Almond

Long Run Impacts of Childhood Access to the Safety Net
w18493 Elizabeth M. Caucutt
Lance Lochner

Early and Late Human Capital Investments, Borrowing Constraints, and the Family
w18466 Gabriella Conti
James J. Heckman

The Economics of Child Well-Being
w18487 Stephen B. Billings
David J. Deming
Jonah E. Rockoff

School Segregation, Educational Attainment and Crime: Evidence from the end of busing in Charlotte-Mecklenburg
w18464 Prashant Bharadwaj
Giacomo De Giorgi
David Hansen
Christopher Neilson

The Gender Gap in Mathematics: Evidence from Low- and Middle-Income Countries
w18475 Gabriella Conti
Andrea Galeotti
Gerrit Mueller
Stephen Pudney

Popularity
w18484 Magnus Carlsson
Gordon B. Dahl
Dan-Olof Rooth

The Effect of Schooling on Cognitive Skills
w18485 Steven J. Haider
Kathleen M. McGarry

Parental Investments in College and Later Cash Transfers
w18439 Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Incentive Strength and Teacher Productivity: Evidence from a Group-Based Teacher Incentive Pay System
w18419 Jesse Rothstein
Teacher Quality Policy When Supply Matters
w18422 Anna Aizer
Laura Stroud
Stephen Buka

Maternal Stress and Child Outcomes: Evidence from Siblings
w18429 Anna Aizer
Flávio Cunha

The Production of Human Capital: Endowments, Investments and Fertility
w18371 Janet Currie
Tom Vogl

Early-Life Health and Adult Circumstance in Developing Countries
w18350 Eli Berman
Laurence R. Iannaccone
Giuseppe Ragusa

From Empty Pews to Empty Cradles: Fertility Decline Among European Catholics
w18332 Alexander M. Gelber
Matthew C. Weinzierl

Equalizing Outcomes and Equalizing Opportunities: Optimal Taxation when Children's Abilities Depend on Parents' Resources
w18341 John Cawley
David Frisvold
Chad Meyerhoefer

The Impact of Physical Education on Obesity among Elementary School Children
w18309 Bruce D. Meyer
Laura R. Wherry

Saving Teens: Using a Policy Discontinuity to Estimate the Effects of Medicaid Eligibility
w18324 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

The Effect of School Choice on Intrinsic Motivation and Academic Outcomes
w18318 Tom Vogl
Height, Skills, and Labor Market Outcomes in Mexico
w18319 Tom Vogl
Marriage Institutions and Sibling Competition: Evidence from South Asia
w18327 Jessica Wolpaw Reyes
Lead Policy and Academic Performance: Insights from Massachusetts
w18279 Jason Fletcher
Nicole L. Hair
Barbara L. Wolfe

Am I my Brother's Keeper? Sibling Spillover Effects: The Case of Developmental Disabilities and Externalizing Behavior
w18267 Olivier Deschenes
Michael Greenstone
Joseph S. Shapiro

Defensive Investments and the Demand for Air Quality: Evidence from the NOx Budget Program and Ozone Reductions
w18216 Jason M. Fletcher
Adolescent Depression and Adult Labor Market Outcomes
w18206 Hilary W. Hoynes
Douglas L. Miller
David Simon

Income, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and Infant Health
w18197 Aimee Chin
N. Meltem Daysal
Scott A. Imberman

Impact of Bilingual Education Programs on Limited English Proficient Students and Their Peers: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from Texas
w18198 Gordon B. Dahl
Katrine V. Løken
Magne Mogstad

Peer Effects in Program Participation
w18200 Yaa Akosa Antwi
Asako S. Moriya
Kosali Simon

Effects of Federal Policy to Insure Young Adults: Evidence from the 2010 Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Mandate
w18183 Evan Borkum
Fang He
Leigh L. Linden

The Effects of School Libraries on Language Skills: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in India
w18145 Costas Meghir
Mårten Palme
Marieke Schnabel

The Effect of Education Policy on Crime: An Intergenerational Perspective
w18121 James J. Heckman
Tim D. Kautz

Hard Evidence on Soft Skills
w18100 James J. Heckman
Junjian Yi

Human Capital, Economic Growth, and Inequality in China
w18115 Harounan Kazianga
Dan Levy
Leigh L. Linden
Matt Sloan

The Effects of "Girl-Friendly" Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso
w18086 Sandra E. Black
Paul J. Devereux
Katrine V. Løken
Kjell G. Salvanes

Care or Cash? The Effect of Child Care Subsidies on Student Performance
w18070 Janet Currie
Maya Rossin-Slater

Weathering the Storm: Hurricanes and Birth Outcomes
w18038 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Douglas O. Staiger

Knowledge, Tests, and Fadeout in Educational Interventions
w18039 Dana Burde
Leigh L. Linden

The Effect of Village-Based Schools: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Afghanistan
w18016 Naci H. Mocan
Colin Cannonier

Empowering Women Through Education: Evidence from Sierra Leone
w18002 Gabriella Conti
Christopher Hansman
James J. Heckman
Matthew F. X. Novak
Angela Ruggiero
Stephen J. Suomi

Primate Evidence on the Late Health Effects of Early Life Adversity
w17986 Dennis N. Epple
Richard Romano

On The Political Economy Of Educational Vouchers
w17939 Esther Duflo
Pascaline Dupas
Michael Kremer

School Governance, Teacher Incentives, and Pupil-Teacher Ratios: Experimental Evidence from Kenyan Primary Schools
w17943 Jessica Cohen
Pascaline Dupas
Simone G. Schaner

Price Subsidies, Diagnostic Tests, and Targeting of Malaria Treatment: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial
w17949 Naci H. Mocan
Duha Tore Altindag

Education, Cognition, Health Knowledge, and Health Behavior
w17951 Hilary W. Hoynes
Douglas L. Miller
Jessamyn Schaller

Who Suffers During Recessions?
w17964 Melissa Schettini Kearney
Phillip B. Levine

Explaining Recent Trends in the U.S. Teen Birth Rate
w17960 Timothy N. Bond
Kevin Lang

The Evolution of the Black-White Test Score Gap in Grades K-3: The Fragility of Results
w17965 Melissa Schettini Kearney
Phillip B. Levine

Why is the Teen Birth Rate in the United States so High and Why Does it Matter?
w17932 Costas Meghir
Mårten Palme
Emilia Simeonova

Education, Health and Mortality: Evidence from a Social Experiment
w17922 Martha J. Bailey
Brad Hershbein
Amalia R. Miller

The Opt-In Revolution? Contraception and the Gender Gap in Wages
w17892 Benjamin A. Olken
Junko Onishi
Susan Wong

Should Aid Reward Performance? Evidence from a Field Experiment on Health and Education in Indonesia
w17859 C. Kirabo Jackson
Do College-Prep Programs Improve Long-Term Outcomes?
w17851 Pascaline Dupas
Sarah Green
Anthony Keats
Jonathan Robinson

Challenges in Banking the Rural Poor: Evidence from Kenya's Western Province
w17834 Susan Dynarski
Mark Wiederspan

Student Aid Simplification: Looking Back and Looking Ahead
w17803 Gregory F. Branch
Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

Estimating the Effect of Leaders on Public Sector Productivity: The Case of School Principals
w17781 Silvia H. Barcellos
Leandro Carvalho
Adriana Lleras-Muney

Child Gender And Parental Investments In India: Are Boys And Girls Treated Differently?
w17774 Chris M. Herbst
Erdal Tekin

Child Care Subsidies, Maternal Well-Being, and Child-Parent Interactions: Evidence from Three Nationally Representative Datasets
w17720 Scott A. Imberman
Adriana D. Kugler

The Effect of Providing Breakfast on Student Performance: Evidence from an In-Class Breakfast Program
w17730 Eric A. Hanushek
Kuzey Yilmaz

Land Use Controls and the Provision of Education
w17722 C. Kirabo Jackson
Teacher Quality at the High-School Level: The Importance of Accounting for Tracks
2011
w17702 Esther Duflo
Women's Empowerment and Economic Development
w17710 David J. Deming
Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

The For-Profit Postsecondary School Sector: Nimble Critters or Agile Predators?
w17713 Douglas Almond
Bhashkar Mazumder
Reyn van Ewijk

Fasting During Pregnancy and Children's Academic Performance
w17715 Maya Rossin-Slater
Christopher J. Ruhm
Jane Waldfogel

The Effects of California's Paid Family Leave Program on Mothers' Leave-Taking and Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes
w17704 Alexander M. Gelber
Adam Isen

Children's Schooling and Parents' Investment in Children: Evidence from the Head Start Impact Study
w17690 Verónica Amarante
Marco Manacorda
Edward Miguel
Andrea Vigorito

Do Cash Transfers Improve Birth Outcomes? Evidence from Matched Vital Statistics, Social Security and Program Data
w17699 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Jonah E. Rockoff

The Long-Term Impacts of Teachers: Teacher Value-Added and Student Outcomes in Adulthood
w17667 Marianne Bitler
Hilary W. Hoynes

Immigrants, Welfare Reform, and the U.S. Safety Net
w17676 Douglas Almond
Janet Currie
Mariesa Herrmann

From Infant to Mother: Early Disease Environment and Future Maternal Health
w17633 Martha J. Bailey
Susan M. Dynarski

Gains and Gaps: Changing Inequality in U.S. College Entry and Completion
w17600 John Cawley
Asako S. Moriya
Kosali I. Simon

The Impact of the Macroeconomy on Health Insurance Coverage: Evidence from the Great Recession
w17605 Naci H. Mocan
Bulent Unel

Skill-biased Technological Change, Earnings of Unskilled Workers, and Crime
w17610 Jesse Rothstein
Nathan Wozny

Permanent Income and the Black-White Test Score Gap
w17589 Daniel M. Hungerman
Substitution and Stigma: Evidence on Religious Competition from the Catholic Sex-Abuse Scandal
w17541 Marianne Bertrand
Jessica Pan

The Trouble with Boys: Social Influences and the Gender Gap in Disruptive Behavior
w17533 Susan Dynarski
Joshua M. Hyman
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Childhood Investments on Postsecondary Attainment and Degree Completion
w17507 Deborah A. Cobb-Clark
Erdal Tekin

Fathers and Youth's Delinquent Behavior
w17478 Harold E. Cuffe
William T. Harbaugh
Jason M. Lindo
Giancarlo Musto
Glen R. Waddell

Evidence on the Efficacy of School-Based Incentives for Healthy Living
w17485 Lisa J. Dettling
Melissa Schettini Kearney

House Prices and Birth Rates: The Impact of the Real Estate Market on the Decision to Have a Baby
w17471 Chris M. Herbst
Erdal Tekin

The Geographic Accessibility of Child Care Subsidies and Evidence on the Impact of Subsidy Receipt on Childhood Obesity
w17452 Chloe Gibbs
Jens Ludwig
Douglas L. Miller

Does Head Start Do Any Lasting Good?
w17438 David J. Deming
Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

School Choice, School Quality and Postsecondary Attainment
w17426 Susan Busch
Ezra Golberstein
Ellen Meara

The FDA and ABCs: The Unintended Consequences of Antidepressant Warnings on Human Capital
w17434 Nicholas J. Sanders
Charles F. Stoecker

Where Have All the Young Men Gone? Using Gender Ratios to Measure Fetal Death Rates
w17435 Lance Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Credit Constraints in Education
w17381 Robert W. Fairlie
Florian Hoffmann
Philip Oreopoulos

A Community College Instructor Like Me: Race and Ethnicity Interactions in the Classroom
w17369 Brian A. Jacob
Jens Ludwig
Douglas L. Miller

The Effects of Housing and Neighborhood Conditions on Child Mortality
w17375 Daniel M. Hungerman
Do Religious Proscriptions Matter? Evidence from a Theory-Based Test
w17378 James J. Heckman
Integrating Personality Psychology into Economics
w17343 Martha J. Bailey
Reexamining the Impact of Family Planning Programs on U.S. Fertility: Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X
w17332 Joshua D. Angrist
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Explaining Charter School Effectiveness
w17337 Elisabetta Gentile
Scott A. Imberman

Dressed for Success? The Effect of School Uniforms on Student Achievement and Behavior
w17286 Will Dobbie
Roland G. Fryer
Jr.

Exam High Schools and Academic Achievement: Evidence from New York City
w17255 Pascaline Dupas
Jonathan Robinson

Why Don't the Poor Save More? Evidence from Health Savings Experiments
w17235 Ilyana Kuziemko
Human Capital Spillovers in Families: Do Parents Learn from or Lean on their Children?
w17225 C. Kirabo Jackson
School Competition and Teacher Labor Markets: Evidence from Charter School Entry in North Carolina
w17222 Christopher R. Knittel
Douglas L. Miller
Nicholas J. Sanders

Caution, Drivers! Children Present: Traffic, Pollution, and Infant Health
w17196 Alberto Bisin
Andrea Moro
Giorgio Topa

The Empirical Content of Models with Multiple Equilibria in Economies with Social Interactions
w17210 Michael Greenstone
Rema Hanna

Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, and Infant Mortality in India
w17185 Ama Baafra Abeberese
Todd J. Kumler
Leigh L. Linden

Improving Reading Skills by Encouraging Children to Read in School: A Randomized Evaluation of the Sa Aklat Sisikat Reading Program in the Philippines
w17160 Sara Markowitz
E. Kathleen Adams
Patricia M. Dietz
Viji Kannan
Van Tong

Smoking Policies and Birth Outcomes: Estimates From a New Era
w17165 Richard Akresh
Eric V. Edmonds

Residential Rivalry and Constraints on the Availability of Child Labor
w17157 Melissa Schettini Kearney
Phillip B. Levine

Income Inequality and Early Non-Marital Childbearing: An Economic Exploration of the "Culture of Despair"
w17135 Liana E. Fox
Wen-Jui Han
Christopher Ruhm
Jane Waldfogel

Time for Children: Trends in the Employment Patterns of Parents, 1967-2009
w17155 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Nora E. Gordon
Sarah J. Reber

Federal Aid and Equality of Educational Opportunity: Evidence from the Introduction of Title I in the South
w17104 Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat
Anna Gassman-Pines
Dania V. Francis
Christina M. Gibson-Davis

Children Left Behind: The Effects of Statewide Job Loss on Student Achievement
w17105 Michael Baker
Kevin S. Milligan

Maternity Leave and Children's Cognitive and Behavioral Development
w17088 David Card
Laura Giuliano

Peer Effects and Multiple Equilibria in the Risky Behavior of Friends
w17089 Sa A. Bui
Steven G. Craig
Scott A. Imberman

Is Gifted Education a Bright Idea? Assessing the Impact of Gifted and Talented Programs on Achievement
w17093 Ran Abramitzky
Victor Lavy

How Responsive is Investment in Schooling to Changes in Redistribution Policies and in Returns
w17081 John Cawley
Christopher Ruhm

The Economics of Risky Health Behaviors
w17098 Alberto F. Alesina
Paola Giuliano
Nathan Nunn

On the Origins of Gender Roles: Women and the Plough
w17059 William T. Harbaugh
Naci H. Mocan
Michael S. Visser

Theft and Deterrence
w17070 Craig L. Garthwaite
The Doctor Might See You Now: The Supply Side Effects of Public Health Insurance Expansions
w17039 Lance Lochner
Enrico Moretti

Estimating and Testing Models with Many Treatment Levels and Limited Instruments
w17047 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna
Ulrike Malmendier

The Role of Theory in Field Experiments
w17016 Joseph P. Ferrie
Karen Rolf

Socioeconomic Status in Childhood and Health After Age 70: A New Longitudinal Analysis for the U.S., 1895-2005
w16973 Daniel M. Hungerman
The Effect of Education on Religion: Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws
w16935 James J. Heckman
Rodrigo Pinto
Azeem M. Shaikh
Adam Yavitz

Inference with Imperfect Randomization: The Case of the Perry Preschool Program
w16930 David N. Figlio
Sarah Hamersma
Jeffrey Roth

Information Shocks and Social Networks
w16933 Florencia Devoto
Esther Duflo
Pascaline Dupas
William Pariente
Vincent Pons

Happiness on Tap: Piped Water Adoption in Urban Morocco
w16915 Sara Markowitz
Alison Evans Cuellar
Ryan M. Conrad
Michael Grossman

The Effects of Alcohol Policies in Reducing Entry Rates and Time Spent in Foster Care
w16917 Lex Borghans
Bart H.H. Golsteyn
James J. Heckman
John Eric Humphries

Identification Problems in Personality Psychology
w16885 Victor Lavy
What Makes an Effective Teacher? Quasi-Experimental Evidence
w16886 Cristian Pop-Eleches
Miguel Urquiola

Going to a Better School: Effects and Behavioral Responses
w16873 Patricia M. Anderson
Kristin F. Butcher
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Adequate (or Adipose?) Yearly Progress: Assessing the Effect of "No Child Left Behind" on Children's Obesity
w16876 Wehn-Jyuan Tsai
Jin-Tan Liu
Shin-Yi Chou
Michael Grossman

Intergeneration Transfer of Human Capital: Results from a Natural Experiment in Taiwan
w16880 Steve Cicala
Roland G. Fryer
Jr.
Jörg L. Spenkuch

A Roy Model of Social Interactions
w16844 Janet Currie
Michael Greenstone
Enrico Moretti

Superfund Cleanups and Infant Health
w16841 James J. Heckman
The American Family in Black and White: A Post-Racial Strategy for Improving Skills to Promote Equality
w16856 Victor Lavy
Alexander Zablotsky

Mother's Schooling and Fertility under Low Female Labor Force Participation: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
w16865 Scott E. Carrell
Bruce I. Sacerdote
James E. West

From Natural Variation to Optimal Policy? The Lucas Critique Meets Peer Effects
w16830 Jishnu Das
Stefan Dercon
James Habyarimana
Pramila Krishnan
Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

School Inputs, Household Substitution, and Test Scores
w16817 C. Kirabo Jackson
Single-Sex Schools, Student Achievement, and Course Selection: Evidence from Rule-Based Student Assignments in Trinidad and Tobago
w16822 Mathilde Almlund
Angela Lee Duckworth
James J. Heckman
Tim D. Kautz

Personality Psychology and Economics
w16798 Janet Currie
Inequality at Birth: Some Causes and Consequences
w16802 Mimi Engel
Brian A. Jacob

New Evidence on Teacher Labor Supply
w16722 Lance Lochner
Non-Production Benefits of Education: Crime, Health, and Good Citizenship
w16751 Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

Consumption and Income Poverty over the Business Cycle
w16711 Dalton Conley
Emily Rauscher

The Equal Environments Assumption in the Post-Genomic Age: Using Misclassified Twins to Estimate Bias in Heritability Models
w16663 Julie Berry Cullen
Mark C. Long
Randall Reback

Jockeying for Position: Strategic High School Choice Under Texas' Top Ten Percent Plan
w16664 Rucker C. Johnson
Long-run Impacts of School Desegregation & School Quality on Adult Attainments
w16671 Dalton Conley
Jennifer Heerwig

The War at Home: Effects of Vietnam-Era Military Service on Post-War Household Stability
w16673 Patricia M. Anderson
Kristin F. Butcher
Elizabeth U. Cascio
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Is Being in School Better? The Impact of School on Children's BMI When Starting Age is Endogenous
2010
w16643 Joshua Angrist
Philip Oreopoulos
Tyler Williams

When Opportunity Knocks, Who Answers? New Evidence on College Achievement Awards
w16598 C. Kirabo Jackson
Can Higher-Achieving Peers Explain the Benefits to Attending Selective Schools?: Evidence from Trinidad and Tobago
w16603 Mireille Jacobson
Heather Royer

Aftershocks: The Impact of Clinic Violence on Abortion Services
w16566 Joshua Angrist
Ivan Fernandez-Val

ExtrapoLATE-ing: External Validity and Overidentification in the LATE Framework
w16579 Joseph G. Altonji
Ching-I Huang
Christopher R. Taber

Estimating the Cream Skimming Effect of School Choice
w16554 Javier Arias
Oliver Azuara
Pedro Bernal
James J. Heckman
Cajeme Villarreal

Policies To Promote Growth and Economic Efficiency in Mexico
w16517 Peter Arcidiacono
Andrew W. Beauchamp
Marjorie B. McElroy

Terms of Endearment: An Equilibrium Model of Sex and Matching
w16499 Bryan S. Graham
Guido W. Imbens
Geert Ridder

Measuring the Effects of Segregation in the Presence of Social Spillovers: A Nonparametric Approach
w16504 Marianne Bitler
Hilary W. Hoynes

The State of the Safety Net in the Post-Welfare Reform Era
w16508 Joseph G. Altonji
Sarah Cattan
Iain Ware

Identifying Sibling Influence on Teenage Substance Use
w16408 John Cawley
Johanna Catherine Maclean

Unfit for Service: The Implications of Rising Obesity for U.S. Military Recruitment
w16414 Billie Davis
John Engberg
Dennis N. Epple
Holger Sieg
Ron Zimmer

Evaluating the Gifted Program of an Urban School District using a Modified Regression Discontinuity Design
w16422 Duha Tore Altindag
Colin Cannonier
Naci H. Mocan

The Impact of Education on Health Knowledge
w16381 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Nathaniel Hilger
Emmanuel Saez
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach
Danny Yagan

How Does Your Kindergarten Classroom Affect Your Earnings? Evidence From Project STAR
w16306 Eduardo Fajnzylber
V. Joseph Hotz
Seth G. Sanders

An Economic Model of Amniocentesis Choice
w16278 Tara Watson
Inside the Refrigerator: Immigration Enforcement and Chilling Effects in Medicaid Participation
w16298 Pascaline Dupas
Short-Run Subsidies and Long-Run Adoption of New Health Products: Evidence from a Field Experiment
w16250 Chris M. Herbst
Erdal Tekin

The Impact of Child Care Subsidies on Child Well-Being: Evidence from Geographic Variation in the Distance to Social Service Agencies
w16227 Victor Lavy
Do Differences in Schools' Instruction Time Explain International Achievement Gaps? Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries
w16238 James J. Heckman
Seong Hyeok Moon
Rodrigo Pinto
Peter A. Savelyev
Adam Yavitz

Analyzing Social Experiments as Implemented: A Reexamination of the Evidence From the HighScope Perry Preschool Program
w16148 Rachel A. Gordon
Robert Kaestner
Sanders Korenman
Kristin Abner

The Child and Adult Care Food Program: Who is Served and What are Their Nutritional Outcomes?
w16201 Flavio Cunha
James J. Heckman

Investing in Our Young People
w16198 Hilary Williamson Hoynes
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Work Incentives and the Food Stamp Program
w16180 James J. Heckman
Seong Hyeok Moon
Rodrigo Pinto
Peter Savelyev
Adam Yavitz

A New Cost-Benefit and Rate of Return Analysis for the Perry Preschool Program: A Summary
w16137 David N. Figlio
Deborah Fletcher

Suburbanization, Demographic Change and the Consequences for School Finance
w16089 David N. Figlio
Mark Rush
Lu Yin

Is it Live or is it Internet? Experimental Estimates of the Effects of Online Instruction on Student Learning
w16097 Sean Corcoran
William N. Evans

Income Inequality, the Median Voter, and the Support for Public Education
w16112 John C. Ham
I. Serkan Ozbeklik
Lara Shore-Sheppard

Estimating Heterogeneous Treatment Effects of Medicaid Expansions on Take-up and Crowd-out
w16070 Li Feng
David N. Figlio
Tim Sass

School accountability and teacher mobility
w16078 Jacob L. Vigdor
Helen F. Ladd

Scaling the Digital Divide: Home Computer Technology and Student Achievement
w16056 David N. Figlio
Cassandra M.D. Hart

Competitive Effects of Means-Tested School Vouchers
w16055 David J. Harding
Lisa Gennetian
Christopher Winship
Lisa Sanbonmatsu
Jeffrey R. Kling

Unpacking Neighborhood Influences on Education Outcomes: Setting the Stage for Future Research
w16064 James J. Heckman
John Eric Humphries
Nicholas S. Mader

The GED
w16037 Orley C. Ashenfelter
Karl Storchmann

Measuring the Economic Effect of Global Warming on Viticulture Using Auction, Retail, and Wholesale Prices
w16003 Costas Meghir
Steven G. Rivkin

Econometric Methods for Research in Education
w16004 Sandra E. Black
Paul J. Devereux
Kjell G. Salvanes

Under Pressure? The Effect of Peers on Outcomes of Young Adults
w16026 Dalton Conley
Emily Rauscher

Genetic Interactions with Prenatal Social Environment: Effects on Academic and Behavioral Outcomes
w15984 Richard Crump
Gopi Shah Goda
Kevin Mumford

Fertility and the Personal Exemption: Comment
w15990 C. Kirabo Jackson
Match Quality, Worker Productivity, and Worker Mobility: Direct Evidence From Teachers
w15946 Andrea Ichino
Loukas Karabarbounis
Enrico Moretti

The Political Economy of Intergenerational Income Mobility
w15949 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement
w15922 Emily Oster
M. Bryce Millett

Do Call Centers Promote School Enrollment? Evidence from India
w15932 Aimee Chin
Chinhui Juhn

Does Reducing College Costs Improve Educational Outcomes for Undocumented Immigrants? Evidence from State Laws Permitting Undocumented Immigrants to Pay In-state Tuition at State Colleges and Universities
w15915 Eric A. Hanushek
Kuzey Yilmaz

Household Location and Schools in Metropolitan Areas with Heterogeneous Suburbs; Tiebout, Alonso, and Government Policy
w15894 Lance Lochner
Education Policy and Crime
w15889 Sandra E. Black
Paul J. Devereux

Recent Developments in Intergenerational Mobility
w15873 Dalton Conley
Emily Rauscher

The Effect of Daughters on Partisanship
w15840 Anna Aizer
Laura Stroud

Education, Knowledge and the Evolution of Disparities in Health
w15823 Michael Anderson
Carlos Dobkin
Tal Gross

The Effect of Health Insurance Coverage on the Use of Medical Services
w15825 Silvie Colman
Theodore J. Joyce

Regulating Abortion: Impact on Patients and Providers in Texas
w15827 Douglas Almond
Janet Currie

Human Capital Development Before Age Five
w15812 Graham J. McKee
Steven G. Rivkin
Katharine R.E. Sims

Disruption, Achievement and the Heterogeneous Benefits of Smaller Classes
w15816 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

Constrained Job Matching: Does Teacher Job Search Harm Disadvantaged Urban Schools?
w15814 Ofer Malamud
Cristian Pop-Eleches

Home Computer Use and the Development of Human Capital
w15794 Joshua Angrist
Jörn-Steffen Pischke

The Credibility Revolution in Empirical Economics: How Better Research Design is Taking the Con out of Econometrics
w15798 Douglas Almond
Janet Currie
Emilia Simeonova

Public vs. Private Provision of Charity Care? Evidence from the Expiration of Hill-Burton Requirements in Florida
w15781 Deliana Kostova
Hana Ross
Evan Blecher
Sara Markowitz

Prices and Cigarette Demand: Evidence from Youth Tobacco Use in Developing Countries
w15664 Flavio Cunha
James Heckman
Susanne Schennach

Estimating the Technology of Cognitive and Noncognitive Skill Formation
w15729 Peter Arcidiacono
V. Joseph Hotz
Songman Kang

Modeling College Major Choices using Elicited Measures of Expectations and Counterfactuals
w15740 Joshua D. Angrist
Susan M. Dynarski
Thomas J. Kane
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Who Benefits from KIPP?
w15715 Brian A. Jacob
Do Principals Fire the Worst Teachers?
w15655 Brian A. Jacob
The Effect of Employment Protection on Worker Effort: Evidence from Public Schooling
w15728 Betsey Stevenson
Beyond the Classroom: Using Title IX to Measure the Return to High School Sports
w15722 C. Kirabo Jackson
The Effects of an Incentive-Based High-School Intervention on College Outcomes
w15725 Adam Isen
Betsey Stevenson

Women's Education and Family Behavior: Trends in Marriage, Divorce and Fertility
w15683 Brian A. Jacob
Tamara Wilder

Educational Expectations and Attainment
w15658 Christopher S. Carpenter
Mark F. Stehr

Intended and Unintended Effects of Youth Bicycle Helmet Laws
w15637 Anne Case
Christina Paxson

Causes and Consequences of Early Life Health
w15640 Anne Case
Christina Paxson

The Long Reach of Childhood Health and Circumstance: Evidence from the Whitehall II Study
2009
w15600 Victor Lavy
Olmo Silva
Felix Weinhardt

The Good, the Bad and the Average: Evidence on the Scale and Nature of Ability Peer Effects in Schools
w15589 Hilary W. Hoynes
Marianne E. Page
Ann Huff Stevens

Is a WIC Start a Better Start? Evaluating WIC's Impact on Infant Health Using Program Introduction
w15549 Atila Abdulkadiroglu
Joshua Angrist
Susan Dynarski
Thomas J. Kane
Parag Pathak

Accountability and Flexibility in Public Schools: Evidence from Boston's Charters and Pilots
w15531 Thomas Dee
Brian Jacob

The Impact of No Child Left Behind on Student Achievement
w15471 James J. Heckman
Seong Hyeok Moon
Rodrigo Pinto
Peter A. Savelyev
Adam Yavitz

The Rate of Return to the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program
w15473 Will Dobbie
Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Are High Quality Schools Enough to Close the Achievement Gap? Evidence from a Social Experiment in Harlem
w15480 Ann Huff Stevens
Jessamyn Schaller

Short-run Effects of Parental Job Loss on Children's Academic Achievement
w15488 Robert A. Moffitt
John Karl Scholz

Trends in the Level and Distribution of Income Support
w15456 Grant Miller
Diana M. Pinto
Marcos Vera-Hernández

Risk Protection, Service Use, and Health Outcomes Under Colombia's Health Insurance Program for the Poor
w15461 Susan Dynarski
Jonathan Gruber
Danielle Li

Cheaper By the Dozen: Using Sibling Discounts at Catholic Schools to Estimate the Price Elasticity of Private School Attendance
w15413 Janet Currie
W. Reed Walker

Traffic Congestion and Infant Health: Evidence from E-ZPass
w15391 Douglas Almond
Lena Edlund
Kevin Milligan

O Sister, Where Art Thou? The Role of Son Preference and Sex Choice: Evidence from Immigrants to Canada
w15380 David A. Weiner
Byron F. Lutz
Jens Ludwig

The Effects of School Desegregation on Crime
w15387 David Deming
Susan Dynarski

Into College, Out of Poverty? Policies to Increase the Postsecondary Attainment of the Poor
w15339 Philip Oreopoulos
Kjell G. Salvanes

How large are returns to schooling? Hint: Money isn't everything
w15345 Eric V. Edmonds
Norbert Schady

Poverty Alleviation and Child Labor
w15309 William N. Evans
Craig L. Garthwaite

Estimating Heterogeneity in the Benefits of Medical Treatment Intensity
w15323 Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

Teacher Performance Pay: Experimental Evidence from India
w15291 Scott Imberman
Adriana D. Kugler
Bruce Sacerdote

Katrina's Children: Evidence on the Structure of Peer Effects from Hurricane Evacuees
w15280 Michael Kremer
Jessica Leino
Edward Miguel
Alix Peterson Zwane

Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation and Property Rights Institutions
w15284 Garey Ramey
Valerie A. Ramey

The Rug Rat Race
w15200 Weili Ding
Steven F. Lehrer

Estimating Treatment Effects from Contaminated Multi-Period Education Experiments: The Dynamic Impacts of Class Size Reductions
w15181 Bruce D. Meyer
Wallace K. C. Mok
James X. Sullivan

The Under-Reporting of Transfers in Household Surveys: Its Nature and Consequences
w15183 Seth M. Freedman
Melissa Schettini Kearney
Mara Lederman

Product Recalls, Imperfect Information, and Spillover Effects: Lessons from the Consumer Response to the 2007 Toy Recalls
w15161 Kasey S. Buckles
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Changing the Price of Marriage: Evidence from Blood Test Requirements
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The Potato's Contribution to Population and Urbanization: Evidence from an Historical Experiment
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Public Policy, Health Insurance and the Transition to Adulthood
w15098 Theodore J. Joyce
Abortion and Crime: A Review
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Opting For Families: Recent Trends in the Fertility of Highly Educated Women
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Birth Cohort and the Black-White Achievement Gap: The Roles of Access and Health Soon After Birth
w15041 Seema Jayachandran
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Why Do Mothers Breastfeed Girls Less Than Boys? Evidence and Implications for Child Health in India
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Measuring Discrimination in Education
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Differences in the U.S. Trends in the Prevalence of Obesity Based on Body Mass Index and Skinfold Thickness
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The Impact of the AIDS Pandemic on Health Services in Africa: Evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys
w15007 Chris M. Herbst
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Child Care Subsidies and Childhood Obesity
w14973 Nancy Qian
Quantity-Quality and the One Child Policy:The Only-Child Disadvantage in School Enrollment in Rural China
w14951 Elizabeth U. Cascio
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w14958 Abhijit Banerjee
Esther Duflo
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Marry for What: Caste and Mate Selection in Modern India
w14949 Manuela Angelucci
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Family Networks and School Enrolment: Evidence from a Randomized Social Experiment
w14945 Carlos Dobkin
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Do School Entry Laws Affect Educational Attainment and Labor Market Outcomes?
w14917 Xin Meng
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The Long Term Consequences of Famine on Survivors: Evidence from a Unique Natural Experiment using China's Great Famine
w14924 Robert Kaestner
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w14879 Meta Brown
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A New Test of Borrowing Constraints for Education
w14884 Eric D. Gould
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M. Daniele Paserman

Sixty Years after the Magic Carpet Ride: The Long-Run Effect of the Early Childhood Environment on Social and Economic Outcomes
w14869 Elizabeth Cascio
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Paying for Progress: Conditional Grants and the Desegregation of Southern Schools
w14852 Caroline M. Hoxby
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w14838 Robert S. Goldfarb
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Can A Rational Choice Framework Make Sense of Anorexia Nervosa?
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Estimation of Causal Effects in Experiments with Multiple Sources of Noncompliance
w14827 Bruce D. Meyer
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Five Decades of Consumption and Income Poverty
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The Effect of Fast Food Restaurants on Obesity and Weight Gain
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w14624 Kevin Milligan
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Do Child Tax Benefits Affect the Wellbeing of Children? Evidence from Canadian Child Benefit Expansions
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The Impact of Family Income on Child Achievement: Evidence from the Earned Income Tax Credit
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w14124 David Deming
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Obesity and Skill Attainment in Early Childhood
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Air Quality and Early-Life Mortality: Evidence from Indonesia's Wildfires
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Too Young to Leave the Nest: The Effects of School Starting Age
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Life Expectancy and Human Capital Investments: Evidence From Maternal Mortality Declines
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Is Marriage Always Good for Children? Evidence from Families Affected by Incarceration
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The Transition to Post-industrial BMI Values Among US Children
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Conditional Cash Transfers in Education Design Features, Peer and Sibling Effects Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Colombia
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After Midnight: A Regression Discontinuity Design in Length of Postpartum Hospital Stays
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Changes in the Characteristics of American Youth: Implications for Adult Outcomes
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Education and Labor Market Consequences of Teenage Childbearing: Evidence Using the Timing of Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Fixed Effects
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The Economics and Psychology of Personality Traits
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Evidence From Maternity Leave Expansions of the Impact of Maternal Care on Early Child Development
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Susan Averett
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Acting White or Acting Black: Mixed-Race Adolescents' Identity and Behavior
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Neighborhood Violence and Urban Youth
w13758 Jonathan Gruber
Covering the Uninsured in the U.S.
w13717 Kaivan Munshi
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Identity, Parochial Institutions, and Occupational Choice: Linking the Past to the Present in the American Midwest
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Does Movie Violence Increase Violent Crime?
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w13697 Wen-Jui Han
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Parental Leave Policies and Parents' Employment and Leave-Taking
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Do Financial Incentives Affect Fertility?
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Moshe Hazan
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The Baby Boom and World War II: A Macroeconomic Analysis
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Complements versus Substitutes and Trends in Fertility Choice in Dynastic Models
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First in the Class? Age and the Education Production Function
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The American High School Graduation Rate: Trends and Levels
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Arkadipta Ghosh
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Mortality Risks, Health Endowments, and Parental Investments in Infancy: Evidence from Rural India
w13623 Justine S. Hastings
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Information, School Choice, and Academic Achievement: Evidence from Two Experiments
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Mechanisms for the Association Between Maternal Employment and Child Cognitive Development
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Maternal Employment and Childhood Obesity: A Search for Mechanisms in Time Use Data
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Mosquitoes: The Long-term Effects of Malaria Eradication in India
w13524 Dennis N. Epple
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School Finance Reform: Assessing General Equilibrium Effects
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Wages, Violence and Health in the Household
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The Income Gradient in Children's Health: A Comment on Currie, Shields and Wheatley Price
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Pedro Dal Bó

Love, Hate and Murder: Commitment Devices in Violent Relationships
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The Effect of Grade Retention on High School Completion
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Childhood Disadvantage and Obesity: Is Nurture Trumping Nature?
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The Effects of Work-Conditioned Transfers on Marriage and Child Well-Being: A Review
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Family Structure and the Treatment of Childhood Asthma
w13474 Jason Fletcher
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Child Mental Health and Human Capital Accumulation: The Case of ADHD Revisited
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Reassessing the WIC Effect: Evidence from the Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance System
w13442 Cally Ardington
Anne Case
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Labor Supply Responses to Large Social Transfers: Longitudinal Evidence from South Africa
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Brian A. Jacob

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Socioeconomic Disadvantage and Early Childbearing
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Teen Smoking and Birth Outcomes
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The Power of the Pill for the Next Generation
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The Role of Religious and Social Organizations in the Lives of Disadvantaged Youth
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Chernobyl's Subclinical Legacy: Prenatal Exposure to Radioactive Fallout and School Outcomes in Sweden
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Small Family, Smart Family? Family Size and the IQ Scores of Young Men
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Child Protection and Adult Crime: Using Investigator Assignment to Estimate Causal Effects of Foster Care
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From Brown to Busing
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Does Pollution Increase School Absences?
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Older and Wiser? Birth Order and IQ of Young Men
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Mental Health in Childhood and Human Capital
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Climate Change, Mortality, and Adaptation: Evidence from Annual Fluctuations in Weather in the US
w13188 Michael Baker
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Maternal employment, breastfeeding, and health: Evidence from maternity leave mandates
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A Professor Like Me: The Influence of Instructor Gender on College Achievement
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Constrained After College: Student Loans and Early Career Occupational Choices
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The Joy of Giving or Assisted Living? Using Strategic Surveys to Separate Bequest and Precautionary Motives
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Subsidized Contraception, Fertility, and Sexual Behavior
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Regression Discontinuity Designs: A Guide to Practice
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Consumption Responses to In-Kind Transfers: Evidence from the Introduction of the Food Stamp Program
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No Child Left Behind: Estimating the Impact on Choices and Student Outcomes
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The Productivity Argument for Investing in Young Children
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Preferences, Information, and Parental Choice Behavior in Public School Choice
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Markus Jantti
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Nature and Nurture in the Intergenerational Transmission of Socioeconomic Status: Evidence from Swedish Children and Their Biological and Rearing Parents
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Segregation and the Black-White Test Score Gap
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The Benefits and Costs of Head Start
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Child Mortality, Income and Adult Height
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Marriage and Divorce: Changes and their Driving Forces
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Methodological Frontiers of Public Finance Field Experiments
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Building Criminal Capital behind Bars: Peer Effects in Juvenile Corrections
w12926 Eric V. Edmonds
Child Labor
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Dave E. Marcotte
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Anti-depressants and Suicide
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Esther Duflo
Gilles Postel-Vinay
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Long Run Health Impacts of Income Shocks: Wine and Phylloxera in 19th Century France
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Africa's Lagging Demographic Transition: Evidence from Exogenous Impacts of Malaria Ecology and Agricultural Technology
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Nina Pavcnik
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Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments: Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform
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The Role of School Improvement in Economic Development
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The Technology of Skill Formation
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Test-Based Accountability and Student Achievement: An Investigation of Differential Performance on NAEP and State Assessments
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Guan Gong

Estimating Interdependence Between Health and Education in a Dynamic Model
2006
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Daniel Lang
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Lead Them to Water and Pay Them to Drink: An Experiment with Services and Incentives for College Achievement
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Using Randomization in Development Economics Research: A Toolkit
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Michele Tertilt

An Economic History of Fertility in the U.S.: 1826-1960
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Crime and Circumstance: The Effects of Infant Health Shocks on Fathers' Criminal Activity
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Do Students Care about School Quality? Determinants of Dropout Behavior in Developing Countries
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AIDS Treatment and Intrahousehold Resource Allocations: Children's Nutrition and Schooling in Kenya
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Origins and Consequences of Child Labor Restrictions: A Macroeconomic Perspective
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The Effects of Education Quality on Income Growth and Mortality Decline
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Is the Eldest Son Different? The Residential Choice of Siblings in Japan
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School Quality and the Black-White Achievement Gap
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Individual Teacher Incentives And Student Performance
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Cramming: The Effects of School Accountability on College-Bound Students
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On the Heterogeneity of Dowry Motives
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Does Television Cause Autism?
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Welfare Reform and Family Expenditures: How are Single Mothers Adapting to the New Welfare and Work Regime?
w12603 Karen Clay
Werner Troesken
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Lead Pipes and Child Mortality
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Professor Qualities and Student Achievement
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Non-response in the American Time Use Survey: Who Is Missing from the Data and How Much Does It Matter?
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A New Framework for the Analysis of Inequality
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Evaluating the Effectiveness of Child Safety Seats and Seat Belts in Protecting Children from Injury
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An Experimental Test of Criminal Behavior Among Juveniles and Young Adults
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Stature and Status: Height, Ability, and Labor Market Outcomes
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Consumer Demand under Price Uncertainty: Empirical Evidence from the Market for Cigarettes
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The Short- and Long-Term Career Effects of Graduating in a Recession: Hysteresis and Heterogeneity in the Market for College Graduates
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Effects of Title IX and Sports Participation on Girls' Physical Activity and Weight
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Racial Segregation and the Black-White Test Score Gap
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Single Parenthood and Childhood Outcomes in the Mid-Nineteenth Century Urban South
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Does Television Rot Your Brain? New Evidence from the Coleman Study
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Randy Walld
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Short, Medium, and Long Term Consequences of Poor Infant Health: An Analysis using Siblings and Twins
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The Effects of Cognitive and Noncognitive Abilities on Labor Market Outcomes and Social Behavior
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Ugly Criminals
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The Roles of High School Completion and GED Receipt in Smoking and Obesity
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The Quiet Revolution that Transformed Women's Employment, Education, and Family
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Examining the Effect of the Earned Income Tax Credit on the Labor Market Participation of Families on Welfare
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Neighborhoods and Academic Achievement: Results from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment
2005
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Esther Duflo
Leigh Linden

Remedying Education: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments in India
w11872 Lingxin Hao
V. Joseph Hotz
Ginger Z. Jin

Games Parents and Adolescents Play: Risky Behaviors, Parental Reputation, and Strategic Transfers
w11873 V. Joseph Hotz
Mo Xiao

The Impact of Regulations on the Supply and Quality of Care in Child Care Markets
w11880 Esther Duflo
Rema Hanna

Monitoring Works: Getting Teachers to Come to School
w11835 Joshua D. Angrist
Victor Lavy
Analia Schlosser

New Evidence on the Causal Link Between the Quantity and Quality of Children
w11837 Dan T. Rosenbaum
Christopher J. Ruhm

The Cost of Caring for Young Children
w11812 Susanna Loeb
Margaret Bridges
Bruce Fuller
Russ Rumberger
Daphna Bassok

How Much is Too Much? The Influence of Preschool Centers on Children's Social and Cognitive Development
w11832 Michael Baker
Jonathan Gruber
Kevin Milligan

Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply, and Family Well-Being
w11790 Michael Greenstone
Justin Gallagher

Does Hazardous Waste Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market and the Superfund Program
w11794 Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger
Jeffrey M. Weinstein

The Effect of Randomized School Admissions on Voter Participation
w11796 Sandra E. Black
Paul J. Devereux
Kjell Salvanes

From the Cradle to the Labor Market? The Effect of Birth Weight on Adult Outcomes
w11805 Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Parental Preferences and School Competition: Evidence from a Public School Choice Program
w11737 Philip J. Cook
Jens Ludwig
Sudhir Venkatesh
Anthony A. Braga

Underground Gun Markets
w11725 Eric Bettinger
Robert Slonim

Using Experimental Economics to Measure the Effects of a Natural Educational Experiment on Altruism
w11702 Jens Ludwig
Douglas L. Miller

Does Head Start Improve Children's Life Chances? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design
w11704 Grant Miller
Contraception as Development? New Evidence from Family Planning in Colombia
w11660 Thomas S. Dee
Teachers and the Gender Gaps in Student Achievement
w11591 Steven D. Levitt
Evidence that Seat Belts are as Effective as Child Safety Seats in Preventing Death for Children Aged Two and Up
w11597 David N. Figlio
Cecilia Rouse

Do Accountability and Voucher Threats Improve Low-Performing Schools?
w11587 Philip Oreopoulos
Marianne Page
Ann Huff Stevens

The Intergenerational Effect of Worker Displacement
w11567 Janet Currie
Enrico Moretti

Biology as Destiny? Short and Long-Run Determinants of Intergenerational Transmission of Birth Weight
w11568 Mark Duggan
Melissa Schettini Kearney

The Impact of Child SSI Enrollment on Household Outcomes: Evidence from the Survey of Income and Program Participation
w11569 Raquel Fernández
Alessandra Fogli

Fertility: The Role of Culture and Family Experience
w11577 Jeffrey R. Kling
Jeffrey B. Liebman
Lawrence F. Katz

Experimental Analysis of Neighborhood Effects
w11547 David Card
Is the New Immigration Really So Bad?
w11512 Francine D. Blau
Lawrence M. Kahn

Gender and Assimilation Among Mexican Americans
w11522 Anna Aizer
Sara McLanahan

The Impact of Child Support Enforcement on Fertility, Parental Investment and Child Well-Being
w11530 Bruce Sacerdote
David Marmaros

How Do Friendships Form?
w11494 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren

What Do Parents Value in Education? An Empirical Investigation of Parents' Revealed Preferences for Teachers
w11463 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren

Principals as Agents: Subjective Performance Measurement in Education
w11390 Philip J. Cook
Jens Ludwig

Assigning Deviant Youths to Minimize Total Harm
w11378 Sara Markowitz
Robert Kaestner
Michael Grossman

An Investigation of the Effects of Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol Policies on Youth Risky Sexual Behaviors
w11385 Paul Gompers
Anna Kovner
Josh Lerner
David Scharfstein

Venture Capital Investment Cycles: The Impact of Public Markets
w11337 Pinka Chatterji
Jeff DeSimone

Adolescent Drinking and High School Dropout
w11318 Roland G. Fryer
Paul S. Heaton
Steven D. Levitt
Kevin M. Murphy

Measuring the Impact of Crack Cocaine
w11328 Gordon B. Dahl
Early Teen Marriage and Future Poverty
w11331 Flavio Cunha
James J. Heckman
Lance Lochner
Dimitriy V. Masterov

Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation
w11302 Dalton Conley
Rebecca Glauber

Parental Educational Investment and Children's Academic Risk: Estimates of the Impact of Sibship Size and Birth Order from Exogenous Variations in Fertility
w11308 Angus Deaton
The Great Escape: A Review Essay on Fogel's 'The Escape from Hunger and Premature Death, 1700-2100'
w11279 Gordon B. Dahl
Lance Lochner

The Impact of Family Income on Child Achievement
w11259 James J. Heckman
Edward Vytlacil

Structural Equations, Treatment Effects and Econometric Policy Evaluation
w11260 Frank F. Furstenberg
Jr.
David Neumark

School-to-Career and Post-Secondary Education: Evidence from the Philadelphia Educational Longitudinal Study
w11238 Erdal Tekin
Sara Markowitz

Suicidal Behavior and the Labor Market Productivity of Young Adults
w11252 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin
Gregory F. Branch

Charter School Quality and Parental Decision Making With School Choice
w11215 Jesse Rothstein
Does Competition Among Public Schools Benefit Students and Taxpayers? A Comment on Hoxby (2000)
w11216 Caroline M. Hoxby
Competition Among Public Schools: A Reply to Rothstein (2004)
w11177 Patricia M. Anderson
Kristin F. Butcher

Reading, Writing and Raisinets: Are School Finances Contributing to Children's Obesity?
w11194 David N. Figlio
Testing, Crime and Punishment
w11195 David N. Figlio
Names, Expectations and the Black-White Test Score Gap
w11124 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

Does Educational Tracking Affect Performance and Inequality? Differences-in-Differences Evidence across Countries
w11135 Michael Baker
Kevin Milligan

How Does Job-Protected Maternity Leave Affect Mothers' Employment and Infant Health?
w11091 Lara D. Shore-Sheppard
Stemming the Tide? The Effect of Expanding Medicaid Eligibility on Health Insurance
w11049 Roland G. Fryer
Steven D. Levitt

The Black-White Test Score Gap Through Third Grade
w11024 Flavio Cunha
James J. Heckman
Salvador Navarro

Separating Uncertainty from Heterogeneity in Life Cycle Earnings
w11032 James J. Heckman
Dimitriy V. Masterov

Allander Series: Skill Policies for Scotland
w11035 Jeff DeSimone
Amy M. Wolaver

Drinking and Academic Performance in High School
2004
w10971 Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel
Rebecca Thornton

Incentives to Learn
w10968 Kevin Milligan
Mark Stabile

The Integration of Child Tax Credits and Welfare: Evidence from the National Child Benefit Program
w10948 Michael Grossman
Individual Behaviors and Substance Use: The Role of Price
w10949 Michael Grossman
Robert Kaestner
Sara Markowitz

An Investigation of the Effects of Alcohol Policies on Youth STDs
w10937 Hyunbae Chun
Jung-Wook Kim
Jason Lee
Randall Morck

Patterns of Comovement: The Role of Information Technology in the U.S. Economy
w10908 Stephen G. Cecchetti
Stefan Krause

Deposit Insurance and External Finance
w10911 Sandra E. Black
Paul J. Devereaux
Kjell Salvanes

Fast Times at Ridgemont High? The Effect of Compulsory Schooling Laws on Teenage Births
w10920 Karen Norberg
Partnership Status and the Human Sex Ratio at Birth
w10931 Ann Dryden Witte
Marisol Trowbridge

The Structure of Early Care and Education in the United States: Historical Evolution and International Comparisons
w10894 Bruce Sacerdote
What Happens When We Randomly Assign Children to Families?
w10890 Isaac Ehrlich
Jinyoung Kim

The Evolution of Income and Fertility Inequalities over the Course of Economic Development: A Human Capital Perspective
w10796 Ted Joyce
Diane Gibson
Silvie Colman

The Changing Association Between Prenatal Participation in WIC and Birth Outcomes in New York City
w10777 Jeffrey R. Kling
Jens Ludwig
Lawrence F. Katz

Neighborhood Effects on Crime for Female and Male Youth: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Voucher Experiment
w10722 Caroline M. Hoxby
Ilyana Kuziemko

Robin Hood and His Not-So-Merry Plan: Capitalization and the Self-Destruction of Texas' School Finance Equalization Plan
w10720 Sandra E. Black
Paul G. Devereux
Kjell G. Salvanes

The More the Merrier? The Effect of Family Composition on Children's Education
w10699 Sanders Korenman
Ted Joyce
Robert Kaestner
Jennifer Walper

What Did the "Illegitimacy Bonus" Reward?
w10705 Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat
Jonathan Gruber
Phillip B. Levine

Abortion Legalization and Lifecycle Fertility
w10711 Eric A. Hanushek
Charles Ka Yui Leung
Kuzey Yilmaz

Borrowing Constraints, College Aid, and Intergenerational Mobility
w10713 Joshua Angrist
Eric Bettinger
Michael Kremer

Long-Term Consequences of Secondary School Vouchers: Evidence from Administrative Records in Colombia
w10666 Jesse Rothstein
Good Principals or Good Peers? Parental Valuation of School Characteristics, Tiebout Equilibrium, and the Effects of Inter-district Competition
w10670 David Blau
Janet Currie

Preschool, Day Care, and Afterschool Care: Who's Minding the Kids?
w10678 Victor Lavy
Do Gender Stereotypes Reduce Girls' Human Capital Outcomes? Evidence from a Natural Experiment
w10688 Hope Corman
Kelly Noonan
Nancy E. Reichman
Dhaval Dave

Demand for Illicit Drugs by Pregnant Women
w10691 Christopher J. Ruhm
Maternal Employment and Adolescent Development
w10658 Thomas Kane
Evaluating the Impact of the D.C. Tuition Assistance Grant Program
w10608 Jayanta Bhattacharya
Janet Currie
Steven Haider

Breakfast of Champions? The School Breakfast Program and the Nutrition of Children and Families
a0676 Jonathan Gruber
Children
w10575 Victor Lavy
Analia Schlosser

Targeted Remedial Education for Under-Performing Teenagers: Costs and Benefits
w10591 Eric A. Hanushek
Margaret E. Raymond

Does School Accountability Lead to Improved Student Performance?
w10564 Ted Joyce
Further Tests of Abortion and Crime
w10552 Douglas Almond
Kenneth Y. Chay
David S. Lee

The Costs of Low Birth Weight
w10513 Lucia Breierova
Esther Duflo

The Impact of Education on Fertility and Child Mortality: Do Fathers Really Matter Less Than Mothers?
w10498 Esther Duflo
Christopher Udry

Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Cote d'Ivoire: Social Norms, Separate Accounts and Consumption Choices
w10488 Janet Currie
The Take Up of Social Benefits
w10470 Susan M. Dynarski
Who Benefits from the Education Saving Incentives? Income, Educational Expectations, and the Value of the 529 and Coverdell
w10478 Lance Lochner
Education, Work, and Crime: A Human Capital Approach
w10459 Erdal Tekin
Child Care Subsidy Receipt, Employment, and Child Care Choices of Single Mothers
w10452 Katherine A. Magnuson
Christopher J. Ruhm
Jane Waldfogel

Does Prekindergarten Improve School Preparation and Performance?
w10435 Janet Currie
Mark Stabile

Child Mental Health and Human Capital Accumulation: The Case of ADHD
w10445 Anna Aizer
Adriana Lleras-Muney
Mark Stabile

Access to Care, Provider Choice and Racial Disparities
w10429 Anna Aizer
Janet Currie
Enrico Moretti

Competition in Imperfect Markets: Does it Help California's Medicaid Mothers?
w10366 David Card
Alan B. Krueger

Would the Elimination of Affirmative Action Affect Highly Qualified Minority Applicants? Evidence from California and Texas
w10347 Dirk Krueger
Jessica Tjornhom Donohue

On the Distributional Consequences of Child Labor Legislation
w10357 Susan M. Dynarski
Tax Policy and Education Policy: Collision or Coordination? A Case Study of the 529 and Coverdell Saving Incentives
w10315 Cecilia E. Rouse
Alan B. Krueger

Putting Computerized Instruction to the Test: A Randomized Evaluation of a "Scientifically-based" Reading Program
w10317 Eric Edmonds
Nina Pavcnik

International Trade and Child Labor: Cross-Country Evidence
w10306 Eric Edmonds
Kristin Mammen
Douglas L. Miller

Rearranging the Family? Income Support and Elderly Living Arrangements in a Low Income Country
w10265 Eric V. Edmonds
Does Illiquidity Alter Child Labor and Schooling Decisions? Evidence from Household Responses to Anticipated Cash Transfers in South Africa
w10281 Gordon B. Dahl
Enrico Moretti

The Demand for Sons: Evidence from Divorce, Fertility, and Shotgun Marriage
w10229 Eric A. Hanushek
Some Simple Analytics of School Quality
w10247 Christopher J. Ruhm
How Well Do Parents With Young Children Combine Work and Family Life
w10251 Janet Currie
Matthew Neidell

Air Pollution and Infant Health: What Can We Learn From California's Recent Experience
w10214 Ted Joyce
Robert Kaestner
Sanders Korenman
Stanley Henshaw

Family Cap Provisions and Changes in Births and Abortions
w10227 Ann Dryden Witte
Magaly Queralt

What Happens When Child Care Inspections and Complaints Are Made Available on the Internet?
2003
w10155 Philip Oreopoulos
Do Dropouts Drop Out Too Soon? International Evidence From Changes in School-Leaving Laws
w10164 Philip Oreopoulos
Marianne E. Page
Ann Huff Stevens

Does Human Capital Transfer from Parent to Child? The Intergenerational Effects of Compulsory Schooling
w10134 Eric V. Edmonds
Does Child Labor Decline with Improving Economic Status?
w10113 Julie Berry Cullen
Brian A. Jacob
Steven Levitt

The Effect of School Choice on Student Outcomes: Evidence from Randomized Lotteries
w10122 Rajeev Dehejia
Adriana Lleras-Muney

The Timing of Births: Is the Health of Infants Counter-Cyclical?
w10075 Claudia Goldin
Lawrence Katz

Mass Secondary Schooling and the State
w10088 Kathleen Beegle
Rajeev Dehejia
Roberta Gatti

Child Labor, Crop Shocks, and Credit Constraints
w10091 Janet Currie
Matthew Neidell

Getting Inside the "Black Box" of Head Start Quality: What Matters and What Doesn't?
w10046 Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
Beau Kilmer

Marijuana and Crime: Is there a Connection Beyond Prohibition?
w10033 Robert Kaestner
Neeraj Kaushal

Welfare Reform and Health Insurance Coverage of Low-Income Families
w10034 Robert Kaestner
Elizabeth Tarlov

Changes in the Welfare Caseload and the Health of Low-educated Mothers
w9963 Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
Karen E. Ross
Jeanne Ringel

Does Marijuana Use Impair Human Capital Formation?
w9952 Alison Evans Cuellar
Sara Markowitz
Anne M. Libby

The Relationships between Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment and Juvenile Crime
w9954 Susanna Loeb
Bruce Fuller
Sharon Lynn Kagan
Bidemi Carrol
Judith Carroll

Child Care in Poor Communities: Early Learning Effects of Type, Quality, and Stability
w9958 Claudia Goldin
Lawrence F. Katz

The "Virtues" of the Past: Education in the First Hundred Years of the New Republic
w9918 Hope Corman
Nancy E. Reichman
Kelly Noonan

Mothers' and Fathers' Labor Supply in Fragile Families: The Role of Child Health
w9907 Anna Aizer
Jeffrey Grogger

Parental Medicaid Expansions and Health Insurance Coverage
w9877 James J. Heckman
Xuesong Li

Selection Bias, Comparative Advantage and Heterogeneous Returns to Education
w9881 Karsten Hansen
James J. Heckman
Kathleen J. Mullen

The Effect of Schooling and Ability on Achievement Test Scores
w9876 Michael Kremer
Dan M. Levy

Peer Effects and Alcohol Use Among College Students
w9831 Ted Joyce
Andrew Racine

Chip Shots: Association Between the State Children's Health Insurance Programs and Immunization Coverage and Delivery
w9811 Joseph G. Altonji
Ernesto Villanueva

The Marginal Propensity to Spend on Adult Children
w9824 H. Naci Mocan
Erdal Tekin

Guns, Drugs and Juvenile Crime: Evidence from a Panel of Siblings and Twins
w9803 John C. Ham
Lara D. Shore-Sheppard

Did Expanding Medicaid Affect Welfare Participation?
w9788 Anne Case
Angela Fertig
Christina Paxson

From Cradle to Grave? The Lasting Impact of Childhood Health and Circumstance
w9799 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano
Holger Sieg

The Practice and Proscription of Affirmative Action in Higher Education:An Equilibrium Analysis
w9769 Robert Kaestner
Won Chan Lee

The Effect of Welfare Reform on Prenatal Care and Birth Weight
w9703 Thomas J. Kane
A Quasi-Experimental Estimate of the Impact of Financial Aid on College-Going
w9676 Henry Saffer
Dhaval Dave

Alcohol Advertising and Alcohol Consumption by Adolescents
w9693 Ann Dryden Witte
Magaly Queralt

Impacts of Eligibility Expansions and Provider Reimbursement Rate Increases on Child Care Subsidy Take-Up Rates, Welfare Use and Work
w9671 Paul Glewwe
Nauman Ilias
Michael Kremer

Teacher Incentives
w9638 Pinka Chatterji
Dhaval Dave
Robert Kaestner
Sara Markowitz

Alcohol Abuse and Suicide Attempts Among Youth - Correlation or Causation?
w9641 Enrico Moretti
Human Capital Externalities in Cities
w9652 Brian A. Jacob
Public Housing, Housing Vouchers and Student Achievement: Evidence from Public Housing Demolitions in Chicago
w9653 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren

Are Idle Hands the Devil's Workshop? Incapacitation, Concentration and Juvenile Crime
w9630 Pinka Chatterji
Kevin Frick

Does Returning to Work After Childbirth Affect Breastfeeding Practices?
w9610 Nancy E. Reichman
Hope Corman
Kelly Noonan

Effects of Child Health on Parents' Relationship Status
w9588 Thomas S. Dee
Are There Civic Returns to Education?
w9593 Dora L. Costa
Race and Pregnancy Outcomes in the Twentieth Century: A Long-Term Comparison
w9545 Joshua D. Angrist
Jonathan Guryan

Does Teacher Testing Raise Teacher Quality? Evidence from State Certification Requirements
w9546 Pedro Carneiro
Karsten T. Hansen
James J. Heckman

Estimating Distributions of Treatment Effects with an Application to the Returns to Schooling and Measurement of the Effects of Uncertainty on College
w9549 Werner Troesken
Lead Water Pipes and Infant Mortality in Turn-of-the-Century Massachusetts
w9553 Bridget Terry Long
The Impact of Federal Tax Credits for Higher Education Expenses
w9495 James Heckman
Pedro Carneiro

Human Capital Policy
w9497 James J. Heckman
Salvador Navarro-Lozano

Using Matching, Instrumental Variables and Control Functions to Estimate Economic Choice Models
w9482 Christopher Avery
Caroline M. Hoxby

Do and Should Financial Aid Packages Affect Students' College Choices?
w9494 Raphael Desmet
Alain Jousten
Sergio Perelman
Pierre Pestieau

Micro-Simulation of Social Security Reforms in Belgium
w9474 Lance Lochner
Individual Perceptions of the Criminal Justice System
w9446 David Cutler
Edward Glaeser
Jesse Shapiro

Why Have Americans Become More Obese?
w9413 Brian A. Jacob
Steven D. Levitt

Rotten Apples: An Investigation of the Prevalence and Predictors of Teacher Cheating
w9414 Brian A. Jacob
Steven D. Levitt

Catching Cheating Teachers: The Results of an Unusual Experiment in Implementing Theory
w9418 Alan B. Krueger
Pei Zhu

Another Look at the New York City School Voucher Experiment
2002
w9399 Neil G. Bennett
Hsien-Hen Lu
Younghwan Song

Welfare Reform and Changes in the Economic Well-Being of Children
w9400 Susan Dynarski
The Consequences of Merit Aid
w9406 Theodore Joyce
Robert Kaestner
Sanders Korenman

Welfare Reform and Non-Marital Fertility in the 1990s: Evidence from Birth Records
w9389 Joshua D. Angrist
Victor Lavy

The Effect of High School Matriculation Awards: Evidence from Randomized Trials
w9357 Ulf-G. Gerdtham
Christopher J. Ruhm

Deaths Rise in Good Economic Times: Evidence From the OECD
w9358 Joseph G. Altonji
Todd E. Elder
Christopher R. Taber

An Evaluation of Instrumental Variable Strategies for Estimating the Effects of Catholic Schools
w9360 Janet Currie
Enrico Moretti

Mother's Education and the Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital: Evidence from College Openings and Longitudinal Data
w9354 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano

Educational Vouchers and Cream Skimming
w9338 Francine D. Blau
Lawrence M. Kahn
Jane Waldfogel

The Impact of Welfare Benefits on Single Motherhood and Headship of Young Women: Evidence from the Census
w9319 David N. Figlio
Joshua Winicki

Food for Thought: The Effects of School Accountability Plans on School Nutrition
w9330 Melissa Schettini Kearney
State Lotteries and Consumer Behavior
w9307 David N. Figlio
Lawrence S. Getzler

Accountability , Ability and Disability: Gaming the System
w9263 Joshua D. Angrist
Kevin Lang

How Important are Classroom Peer Effects? Evidence from Boston's Metco Program
w9244 Michael Grossman
Sara Markowitz

I Did What Last Night?!!! Adolescent Risky Sexual Behaviors and Substance Use
w9245 Greg Coleman
Michael Grossman
Ted Joyce

The Effect of Cigarette Excise Taxes on Smoking Before, During and After Pregnancy
w9209 Anna Aizer
Janet Currie

Networks or Neighborhoods? Correlations in the Use of Publicly-Funded Maternity Care in California
w9213 Anne Case
Christina Paxson
Joseph Ableidinger

Orphans in Africa
w9216 Michael Grossman
Robert Kaestner
Sara Markowitz

Get High and Get Stupid: The Effect of Alcohol and Marijuana Use on Teen Sexual Behavior
w9228 David M. Linsenmeier
Harvey S. Rosen
Cecilia Elena Rouse

Financial Aid Packages and College Enrollment Decisions: An Econometric Case Study
w9172 H. Naci Mocan
Erdal Tekin

Catholic Schools and Bad Behavior: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis
w9180 Sean P. Corcoran
William N. Evans
Robert S. Schwab

Changing Labor Market Opportunities for Women and the Quality of Teachers 1957-1992
w9108 Enrico Moretti
Estimating the Social Return to Higher Education: Evidence From Longitudinal and Repeated Cross-Sectional Data
w9093 Melissa Schettini Kearney
Is There an Effect of Incremental Welfare Benefits on Fertility Behavior? A Look at the Family Cap
w9098 Janet Currie
Mark Stabile

Socioeconomic Status and Health: Why is the Relationship Stronger for Older Children?
w9071 Eric A. Hanushek
The Long Run Importance of School Quality
w9054 Lisa Barrow
Cecilia Elena Rouse

Using Market Valuation to Assess Public School Spending
w9055 Pedro Carneiro
James J. Heckman

The Evidence on Credit Constraints in Post-Secondary Schooling
w9058 David Card
Lara D. Shore-Sheppard

Using Discontinuous Eligibility Rules to Identify the Effects of the Federal Medicaid Expansions on Low Income Children
w9003 Jayanta Bhattacharya
Steven Haider
Janet Currie

Food Insecurity or Poverty? Measuring Need-Related Dietary Adequacy
w9004 Jayanta Bhattacharya
Thomas DeLeire
Steven Haider
Janet Currie

Heat or Eat? Cold Weather Shocks and Nutrition in Poor American Families
w8975 Roland G. Fryer
Jr.
Steven D. Levitt

Understanding the Black-White Test Score Gap in the First Two Years of School
w8979 D. Lee Heavner
Lance Lochner

Social Networks and the Aggregation on Individual Decisions
w8983 Rebecca M. Blank
Evaluating Welfare Reform in the United States
w8984 Charles F. Manski
Joram Mayshar

Private and Social Incentives for Fertility: Israeli Puzzles
w8964 Brian A. Jacob
Where the boys aren't: Non-cognitive skills, returns to school and the gender gap in higher education
w8968 Brian A. Jacob
Accountability, Incentives and Behavior: The Impact of High-Stakes Testing in the Chicago Public Schools
w8932 Robert Kaestner
June O'Neill

Has Welfare Reform Changed Teenage Behaviors?
w8936 Robert Kaestner
Lisa Dubay
Genevieve Kenney

Medicaid Managed Care and Infant Health: A National Evaluation
w8949 Eric A. Hanushek
Javier A. Luque

Efficiency and Equity in Schools around the World
w8918 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren

Remedial Education and Student Achievement: A Regression-Discontinuity Analysis
w8916 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren

The Impact of Teacher Training on Student Achievement: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from School Reform Efforts in Chicago
w8886 Ann Dryden Witte
Magaly Queralt

Take-Up Rates and Trade Offs After the Age of Entitlement: Some Thoughts and Empirical Evidence for Child Care Subsidies
w8893 Ann Witte
Magaly Queralt
Robert Witt
Harriet Griesinger

The Policy Context and Infant and Toddler Care in the Welfare Reform Era
w8872 Jonathan Gruber
Sendhil Mullainathan

Do Cigarette Taxes Make Smokers Happier?
w8873 Caroline M. Hoxby
School Choice and School Productivity (or Could School Choice be a Tide that Lifts All Boats?)
w8875 Alan B. Krueger
Economic Considerations and Class Size
w8855 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Cost of Accountability
w8840 Pedro Carneiro
Karsten T. Hansen
James J. Heckman

Removing the Veil of Ignorance in Assessing the Distributional Impacts of Social Policies
w8841 Marianne Bertrand
Esther Duflo
Sendhil Mullainathan

How Much Should We Trust Differences-in-Differences Estimates?
w8843 Dora L. Costa
The Measure of Man and Older Age Mortality: Evidence from the Gould Sample
w8844 Brett Katzman
Sara Markowitz
Kerry Anne McGeary

The Impact of Lending, Borrowing, and Anti-Smoking Policies on Cigarette Consumption by Teens
w8845 Kevin Milligan
Subsidizing the Stork: New Evidence on Tax Incentives and Fertility
w8836 William J. Collins
Melissa A. Thomasson

Exploring the Racial Gap in Infant Mortality Rates, 1920-1970
w8810 Sara Markowitz
Pinka Chatterji
Robert Kaestner
Dhaval Dave

Substance Use and Suicidal Behaviors Among Young Adults
w8812 Janet Currie
John Fahr

Medicaid Managed Care: Effects on Children's Medicaid Coverage and Utilization
w8813 Phillip B. Levine
Douglas Staiger

Abortion as Insurance
w8799 Eric A. Hanushek
Publicly Provided Education
w8784 Marianne P. Bitler
Jonah B. Gelbach
Hilary W. Hoynes

The Impact of Welfare Reform on Living Arrangements
w8786 Marianne E. Page
Ann Huff Stevens

Will You Miss Me When I Am Gone? The Economic Consequences of Absent Parents
w8792 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Christopher L. Smith

Within State Transitions from 2-Year to 4-Year Public Institutions
w8770 Patricia M. Anderson
Kristin F. Butcher
Phillip B. Levine

Maternal Employment and Overweight Children
w8777 Jonathan Gruber
Botond Koszegi

A Theory of Government Regulation of Addictive Bads: Optimal Tax Levels and Tax Incidence for Cigarette Excise Taxation
w8749 Robert Moffitt
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program
w8730 Robert Moffitt
Economic Effects of Means-Tested Transfers in the U.S.
w8741 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

New Evidence about Brown v. Board of Education: The Complex Effects of School Racial Composition on Achievement
w8702 Jenny Williams
Frank J. Chaloupka
Henry Wechsler

Are There Differential Effects of Price and Policy on College Students' Drinking Intensity?
w8710 Esther Duflo
The Medium Run Effects of Educational Expansion: Evidence from a Large School Construction Program in Indonesia
2001
w8691 Matthew C. Farrelly
Terry F. Pechacek
Frank J. Chaloupka

The Impact of Tobacco Control Program Expenditures on Aggregate Cigarette Sales: 1981-1998
w8615 Raghabendra Chattopadhyay
Esther Duflo

Women as Policy Makers: Evidence from a India-Wide Randomized Policy Experiment
w8588 Eric Hanushek
Charles Ka Yui Leung
Kuzey Yilmaz

Redistribution through Education and Other Transfer Mechanisms
w8599 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

Why Public Schools Lose Teachers
w8502 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Jacob M. Markman
Steven G. Rivkin

Does Peer Ability Affect Student Achievement?
w8519 Derek Neal
The Economics of Family Structure
w8556 David Cutler
Ellen Meara

Changes in the Age Distribution of Mortality Over the 20th Century
w8479 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

Disruption versus Tiebout Improvement: The Costs and Benefits of Switching Schools
w8432 Thomas S. Dee
Teachers, Race and Student Achievement in a Randomized Experiment
w8437 Rebecca M. Blank
David T. Ellwood

The Clinton Legacy for America's Poor
w8370 Angus Deaton
Darren Lubotsky

Mortality, Inequality and Race in American Cities and States
w8401 Jenny Williams
Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
Frank J. Chaloupka
Henry Wechsler

Alcohol and Marijuana Use Among College Students: Economic Complements or Substitutes?
w8318 Angus Deaton
Health, Inequality, and Economic Development
w8319 Ted Joyce
Did Legalized Abortion Lower Crime?
w8331 John A. Tauras
Patrick M. O'Malley
Lloyd D. Johnston

Effects of Price and Access Laws on Teenage Smoking Initiation: A National Longitudinal Analysis
w8332 John A. Tauras
Frank J. Chaloupka

The Demand for Nicotine Replacement Therapies
w8344 Anne Case
Darren Lubotsky
Christina Paxson

Economic Status and Health in Childhood: The Origins of the Gradient
w8269 Jonathan Guryan
Does Money Matter? Regression-Discontinuity Estimates from Education Finance Reform in Massachusetts
w8291 H. Naci Mocan
Can Consumers Detect Lemons? Information Asymmetry in the Market for Child Care
w8297 Leora Friedberg
The Impact of Technological Change on Older Workers: Evidence from Data on Computer Use
w8262 Kent Smetters
Jennifer Gravelle

The Exchange Theory of Teenage Smoking and the Counterproductiveness of Moderate Regulation
w8156 Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Improving School Accountability Measures
w8063 John C. Ham
Lara D. Shore-Sheppard

The Effect of Medicaid Expansions for Low-Income Children on Medicaid Participation and Insurance Coverage: Evidence from the SIPP
w8090 Janet Currie
V. Joseph Hotz

Accidents Will Happen? Unintentional Injury, Maternal Employment, and Child Care Policy
grub01-1 Jonathan Gruber
editor

Risky Behavior among Youths: An Economic Analysis
2000
w8054 Eliana Garces
Duncan Thomas
Janet Currie

Longer Term Effects of Head Start
w8055 David N. Figlio
Marianne E. Page

School Choice and the Distributional Effects of Ability Tracking: Does Separation Increase Equality?
w8056 Anne Case
I-Fen Lin
Sara McLanahan

Understanding Child Support Trends: Economic, Demographic, and Political Contributions
w8061 Esther Duflo
Grandmothers and Granddaughters: Old Age Pension and Intra-household Allocation in South Africa
w7999 Charles T. Clotfelter
Interracial Contact in High School Extracurricular Activities
w8004 John Donohue
Steven Levitt

The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime
w8007 V. Joseph Hotz
Guido W. Imbens
Jacob A. Klerman

The Long-Term Gains from GAIN: A Re-Analysis of the Impacts of the California GAIN Program
w8008 Lee J. Alston
Andres Gallo

Evolution and Revolution in the Argentine Banking System under Convertibility: The Roles of Crises and Path Dependence
w8018 Paul Glewwe
Michael Kremer
Sylvie Moulin
Eric Zitzewitz

Retrospective vs. Prospective Analyses of School Inputs: The Case of Flip Charts in Kenya
w8019 David N. Figlio
Maurice E. Lucas

What's in a Grade? School Report Cards and House Prices
w7938 Daron Acemoglu
Credit Market Imperfections and Persistent Unemployment
w7949 Bruce Sacerdote
The Nature and Nurture of Economic Outcomes
w7950 James J. Heckman
Justin L. Tobias
Edward Vytlacil

Simple Estimators for Treatment Parameters in a Latent Variable Framework with an Application to Estimating the Returns to Schooling
w7956 Dennis Epple
David Figlio
Richard Romano

Competition Between Private and Public Schools: Testing Stratification and Pricing Predictions
w7968 Jonathan Gruber
Is Making Divorce Easier Bad for Children? The Long Run Implications of Unilateral Divorce
w7973 Lawrence F. Katz
Jeffrey R. Kling
Jeffrey B. Liebman

Moving to Opportunity in Boston: Early Results of a Randomized Mobility Experiment
w7977 H. Naci Mocan
Erdal Tekin

Nonprofit Sector and Part-Time Work: An Analysis of Employer-Employee Matched Data of Child Care Workers
w7985 David N. Figlio
Maurice E. Lucas

Do High Grading Standards Affect Student Performance?
w7986 Daron Acemoglu
Jorn-Steffen Pischke

Changes in the Wage Structure, Family Income, and Children's Education
w7989 Jeffrey R. Kling
Interpreting Instrumental Variables Estimates of the Returns to Schooling
w7874 Anne Case
I-Fen Lin
Sara McLanahan

Educational Attainment in Blended Families
w7875 Julian R. Betts
Jeff Grogger

The Impact of Grading Standards on Student Achievement, Educational Attainment, and Entry-Level Earnings
w7888 Julie Berry Cullen
Brian Jacob
Steven Levitt

The Impact of School Choice on Student Outcomes: An Analysis of the Chicago Public Schools
w7911 Robert J. Barro
Jong-Wha Lee

International Data on Educational Attainment Updates and Implications
w7820 James Heckman
Edward Vytlacil

Identifying the Role of Cognitive Ability in Explaining the Level of and Change in the Return to Schooling
w7829 Jonathan Gruber
Medicaid
w7831 Joseph G. Altonji
Todd E. Elder
Christopher R. Taber

Selection on Observed and Unobserved Variables: Assessing the Effectiveness of Catholic Schools
w7850 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano

Neighborhood Schools, Choice, and the Distribution of Educational Benefits
w7854 Dennis Epple
Elizabeth Newlon
Richard Romano

Ability Tracking, School Competition, and the Distribution of Educational Benefits
w7860 Esther Duflo
Schooling and Labor Market Consequences of School Construction in Indonesia: Evidence from an Unusual Policy Experiment
w7866 Caroline Hoxby
Would School Choice Change the Teaching Profession?
w7867 Caroline Hoxby
Peer Effects in the Classroom: Learning from Gender and Race Variation
w7780 Jonathan Gruber
Jonathan Zinman

Youth Smoking in the U.S.: Evidence and Implications
w7781 Jonathan Gruber
Risky Behavior Among Youths: An Economic Analysis
w7802 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano

Collective Choice and Voluntary Provision of Public Goods
w7806 David M. Blau
Child Care Subsidy Programs
a0692 Jonathan Gruber
Children
w7733 David Neumark
Mary Joyce

An Introduction to School-To-Work Programs in the NLSY97: How Prevalent are They, and Which Youths do They Serve?
w7754 Caroline M. Hoxby
Benevolent Colluders? The Effects of Antitrust Action on College Financial Aid and Tuition
w7756 Susan Dynarski
Hope for Whom? Financial Aid for the Middle Class and Its Impact on College Attendance
w7761 Stephen Cameron
Christopher Taber

Borrowing Constraints and the Returns to Schooling
w7769 David Card
Estimating the Return to Schooling: Progress on Some Persistent Econometric Problems
w7686 Jay Bhattacharya
Janet Currie

Youths at Nutritional Risk: Malnourished or Misnourished?
w7691 Anne Case
Christina Paxson

Mothers and Others: Who Invests in Children's Health?
w7703 R. L. Pacula
M. Grossman
F. J. Chaloupka
P. M. O'Malley
L. Johnston
M. C. Farrelly

Marijuana and Youth
w7709 Jeff Grogger
Time Limits and Welfare Use
w7713 David M. Cutler
Edward Glaeser
Karen Norberg

Explaining the Rise in Youth Suicide
w7719 David Neumark
Mary Joyce

Evaluating School-To-Work Programs Using the New NLSY
w7655 David Card
Thomas Lemieux

Can Falling Supply Explain the Rising Return to College for Younger Men? A Cohort-Based Analysis
w7656 Alan Krueger
Diane Whitmore

The Effect of Attending a Small Class in the Early Grades on College-Test Taking and Middle School Test Results: Evidence from Project STAR
w7658 David Card
Thomas Lemieux

Dropout and Enrollment Trends in the Post-War Period: What Went Wrong in the 1970s?
w7666 Christopher J. Ruhm
Parental Employment and Child Cognitive Development
w7667 Janet Currie
Jeffrey Grogger

Medicaid Expansions and Welfare Contractions: Offsetting Effects on Prenatal Care and Infant Health?
w7670 Lingxin Hao
V. Joseph Hotz
Ginger Zhe Jin

Games Daughters and Parents Play: Teenage Childbearing, Parental Reputation, and Strategic Transfers
w7583 Robert J. Lemke
Ann Dryden Witte
Magaly Queralt
Robert Witt

Child Care and the Welfare to Work Transition
w7584 H. Naci Mocan
Stephen C. Billups
Jody Overland

A Dynamic Model of Differential Human Capital and Criminal Activity
w7585 Roland Benabou
Jean Tirole

Self-Confidence and Social Interactions
w7601 Phillip B. Levine
The Sexual Activity and Birth Control Use of American Teenagers
w7627 Robert F. Schoeni
Rebecca M. Blank

What has Welfare Reform Accomplished? Impacts on Welfare Participation, Employment, Income, Poverty, and Family Structure
w7522 Phillip B. Levine
David J. Zimmerman

Children's Welfare Exposure and Subsequent Development
w7530 Michael Kremer
Daniel Chen

Income-distribution Dynamics with Endogenous Fertility
w7545 Eli Berman
Zaur Rzakhanov

Fertility, Migration, and Altruism
w7555 Leemore Dafny
Jonathan Gruber

Does Public Insurance Improve the Efficiency of Medical Care? Medicaid Expansions and Child Hospitalizations
w7491 Bruce D. Meyer
Dan T. Rosenbaum

Making Single Mothers Work: Recent Tax and Welfare Policy and its Effects
w7506 Jonathan Gruber
Youth Smoking in the U.S.: Prices and Policies
w7507 Jonathan Gruber
Botond Koszegi

Is Addiction "Rational"? Theory and Evidence
1999
w7450 Eric A. Hanushek
Julie A. Somers

Schooling, Inequality, and the Impact of Government
w7422 Susan M. Dynarski
Does Aid Matter? Measuring the Effect of Student Aid on College Attendance and Completion
w7424 Joshua Angrist
Victor Lavy

New Evidence on Classroom Computers and Pupil Learning
w7383 Stephen L. Mehay
Rosalie Liccardo Pacula

The Effectiveness of Workplace Drug Prevention Policies: Does 'Zero Tolerance' Work?
w7397 V. Joseph Hotz
Seth G. Sanders
Susan Williams McElroy

Teenage Childbearing and Its Life Cycle Consequences: Exploiting a Natural Experiment
w7399 Anne Case
Motohiro Yogo

Does School Quality Matter? Returns to Education and the Characteristics of Schools in South Africa
w7401 Anne Case
I-Fen Lin
Sara McLanahan

How Hungry is the Selfish Gene?
w7405 H. Naci Mocan
Daniel I. Rees

Economic Conditions, Deterrence and Juvenile Crime: Evidence from Micro Data
w7343 Christina Paxson
Jane Waldfogel

Work, Welfare, and Child Maltreatment
w7353 Jeff Grogger
Charles Michalopoulos

Welfare Dynamics Under Time Limits
w7363 Bruce D. Meyer
Dan T. Rosenbaum

Welfare, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Labor Supply of Single Mothers
w7288 James J. Heckman
Policies to Foster Human Capital
w7289 V. Joseph Hotz
Lixin Xu
Marta Tienda
Avner Ahituv

Are There Returns to the Wages of Young Men from Working While in School?
w7299 David Neumark
William Wascher

A Cross-National Analysis of the Effects of Minimum Wages on Youth Employment
w7322 Stacy Berg Dale
Alan B. Krueger

Estimating the Payoff to Attending a More Selective College: An Application of Selection on Observables and Unobservables
w7225 David M. Blau
H. Naci Mocan

The Supply of Quality in Child Care Centers
w7226 Anne Morrison Piehl
Suzanne J. Cooper
Anthony A. Braga
David M. Kennedy

Testing for Structural Breaks in the Evaluation of Programs
w7227 James Monks
Ronald G. Ehrenberg

The Impact of US News and World Report College Rankings on Admission Outcomes and Pricing Decisions at Selective Private Institutions
w7235 Thomas J. Kane
Cecilia Elena Rouse
Douglas Staiger

Estimating Returns to Schooling When Schooling is Misreported
w7240 Thomas J. Nechyba
Social Approval, Values, and AFDC: A Re-Examination of the Illegitimacy Debate
w7249 Stephen V. Cameron
James J. Heckman

The Dynamics of Educational Attainment for Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites
w7172 Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett
John H. Tyler

Who Benefits from Obtaining a GED? Evidence from High School and Beyond
w7173 Julie Berry Cullen
The Impact of Fiscal Incentives on Student Disability Rates
w7190 Alan B. Krueger
Mikael Lindahl

Education for Growth in Sweden and the World
w7082 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

Do Higher Salaries Buy Better Teachers?
w7099 Rebecca M. Blank
When Can Public Policy Makers Rely on Private Markets? The Effective Provision of Social Services
w6999 Janet Currie
Rosemary Hyson

Is the Impact of Health Shocks Cushioned by Socioeconomic Status? The Case of Low Birthweight
w7058 Patricia M. Anderson
Philip B. Levine

Child Care and Mothers' Employment Decisions
w6359 Sara Markowitz
Michael Grossman

Alcohol Regulation and Violence Towards Children
w6943 Janet Currie
Duncan Thomas

Early Test Scores, Socioeconomic Status and Future Outcomes
w6974 Kristin F. Butcher
Anne Morrison Piehl

The Role of Deportation in the Incarceration of Immigrants
w6887 Robert Kaestner
Theodore Joyce
Andrew Racine

Does Publicly Provided Health Insurance Improve the Health of Low-Income Children in the United States
1998
w6836 Janet Currie
Patricia Reagan

Distance to Hospitals and Children's Access to Care: Is Being Closer Better, and for Whom?
w6869 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Effects of Class Size and Composition on Student Achievement: New Evidence from Natural Population Variation
w6781 Joshua D. Angrist
Victor Lavy

Does Teacher Training Affect Pupil Learning? Evidence from Matched Comparisons in Jerusalem Public Schools
w6769 Karen Norberg
The Effects of Daycare Reconsidered
w6690 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

Does Special Education Raise Academic Achievement for Students with Disabilities?
w6691 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

Teachers, Schools, and Academic Achievement
w6709 Henry S. Farber
Helen Levy

Recent Trends in Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance Coverage: Are Bad Jobs Getting Worse?
w6629 Sara Markowitz
Michael Grossman

The Effects of Alcohol Regulation on Physical Child Abuse
w6664 Richard B. Freeman
Jane Waldfogel

Dunning Delinquent Dads: The Effects of Child Support Enforcement on Child Support Receipt by Never Married Women
w6554 Christopher J. Ruhm
Parental Leave and Child Health
w6493 Tasneem Chipty
Ann Dryden Witte

Effects of Information Provision in an Vertically Differentiated Market
w6391 John H. Tyler
Richard J. Murnane
John B. Willett

Estimating the Impact of the GED on the Earnings of Young Dropouts Using a Series of Natural Experiments
w6362 Janet Currie
Duncan Thomas

School Quality and the Longer-Term Effects of Head Start
w6385 Stephen V. Cameron
James J. Heckman

Life Cycle Schooling and Dynamic Selection Bias: Models and Evidence for Five Cohorts
w6388 John Cawley
James Heckman
Edward Vytlacil

Understanding the Role of Cognitive Ability in Accounting for the Recent Rise in the Economic Return to Education
1997
w6305 Janet Currie
Aaron Yelowitz

Are Public Housing Projects Good for Kids?
w6328 H. Naci Mocan
Deborah Viola

The Determinants of Child Care Workers' Wages and Compensation: Sectoral Differences, Human Capital, Race, Insiders and Outsiders
w6175 George J. Borjas
Glenn T. Sueyoshi

Ethnicity and the Intergenerational Transmission of Welfare Dependency
w6106 Orley Ashenfelter
Cecilia Rouse

Income, Schooling, and Ability: Evidence from a New Sample of Identical Twins
w6051 Alan B. Krueger
Experimental Estimates of Education Production Functions
w6078 Francine D. Blau
Lawrence M. Kahn

Gender and Youth Employment Outcomes: The US and West Germany, 1984-91
w6034 Jonathan Gruber
Phillip Levine
Douglas Staiger

Abortion Legalization and Child Living Circumstances: Who is the "Marginal Child?"
w6041 Jonathan Gruber
Aaron Yelowitz

Public Health Insurance and Private Savings
w5985 Janet Currie
Jonathan Gruber

The Technology of Birth: Health Insurance, Medical Interventions, and Infant Health
w5964 Cecilia Elena Rouse
Private School Vouchers and Student Achievement: An Evaluation of the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program
1996
w5831 Jonathan Gruber
Health Insurance for Poor Women and Children in the U.S.: Lessons from the Past Decade
w5805 Janet Currie
Duncan Thomas

Does Head Start Help Hispanic Children?
w5807 Joshua D. Angrist
Victor Lavy

The Effect of Teen Childbearing and Single Parenthood on Childhood Disabilities and Progress in School
1981
w0230 Edward P. Lazear
Robert T. Michael

Family Size and the Distribution of Per Capita Income
1980
w0262 Robert T. Michael
Victor R. Fuchs
Sharon R. Scott

Changes in Household Living Arrangements 1950-76
1979
w0405 Eytan Sheshinski
Yoram Weiss

Inequality Within and Between Families

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