Department of Economics
University of Toronto
150 St. George Street
Toronto, ON M5S 3G7
Institutional Affiliation: University of Toronto
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|May 2019||Pay Transparency and the Gender Gap|
with Michael Baker, Kory Kroft, Alexandre Mas, Derek Messacar: w25834
We examine the impact of public sector salary disclosure laws on university faculty salaries in Canada. The laws, which enable public access to the salaries of individual faculty if they exceed specified thresholds, were introduced in different provinces at different times. Using detailed administrative data covering the majority of faculty in Canada, and an event-study research design that exploits within-province variation in exposure to the policy across institutions and academic departments, we find robust evidence that that the laws reduced the gender pay gap between men and women by approximately 30 percent. There is suggestive evidence that higher female salaries contributed to the narrowing of the gender gap. The reduction in the gender gap is primarily in universities where facult...
|November 2014||Homophily, Group Size, and the Diffusion of Political Information in Social Networks: Evidence from Twitter|
with Brian Knight: w20681
In this paper, we investigate political communications in social networks characterized both by homophily–a tendency to associate with similar individuals–and group size. To generate testable hypotheses, we develop a simple theory of information diffusion in social networks with homophily and two groups: conservatives and liberals. The model predicts that, with homophily, members of the majority group have more network connections and are exposed to more information than the minority group. We also use the model to show that, with homophily and a tendency to produce like-minded information, groups are disproportionately exposed to like-minded information and the information reaches like-minded individuals more quickly than it reaches individuals of opposing ideologies. To test the hypothes...
Published: Yosh Halberstam & Brian Knight, 2016. "Homophily, group size, and the diffusion of political information in social networks: Evidence from Twitter," Journal of Public Economics, . citation courtesy of