William Sundstrom

Department of Economics
Santa Clara University
Santa Clara, CA 95053

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

June 2009Labor-Market Regimes in U.S. Economic History
with Joshua L. Rosenbloom: w15055
In much economic analysis it is a convenient fiction to suppose that changes over time in wages and employment are determined by shifts in supply or demand within a more or less competitive market framework Indeed, this framework has been effectively deployed to understand many episodes in American economic history. We argue here, however, that by minimizing the role of labor-market institutions such an approach is incomplete. Drawing on the history of American labor markets over two centuries, we argue that institutions--by which we mean both formal and informal rules that constrain the choices of economic agents--have played a significant role in the determination of wages, employment and other market outcomes over time. The historical evolution of American labor markets can best be c...

Published: “Labor - Market Reg imes in U.S. Economic History,” with William A. Sundstrom, in Paul W. Rhode, Joshua L. Rosenbloom and David F. Weiman, eds. Economic Evolution and Revolutions in Historical Time ( Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2011)

July 2003The Decline and Rise of Interstate Migration in the United States: Evidence from the IPUMS, 1850-1990
with Joshua L. Rosenbloom: w9857
We examine evidence on trends in interstate migration over the past 150 years, using data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series of the U.S. Census (IPUMS). Two measures of migration are calculated. The first considers an individual to have moved if she is residing in a state different from her state of birth. The second considers a family to have moved if it is residing in a state different from the state of birth of one of its young children. The latter measure allows us estimate the timing of moves more accurately. Our results suggest that overall migration propensities have followed a U-shaped trend since 1850, falling until around 1900 and then rising until around 1970. We examine variation in the propensity to make an interstate move by age, sex, race, nativity, region of or...

Published: Field, Alexander J. (ed.) Research in economic history. Volume 22. Amsterdam and San Diego: Elsevier, JAI, 2004.

November 1997The Sources of Regional Variation in the Severity of the Great Depression: Evidence from U.S. Manufacturing, 1919-1937
with Joshua L. Rosenbloom: w6288
The severity of the Great Depression in the United States varied by region. Most notably compared with the rest of the country, the South Atlantic states experienced a milder contraction while the Mountain states suffered more severely. The impact of the contraction was more" uniform across other regions of the country--surprisingly so, considering the large regional" differences in industrial structure. We employ data from the biennial Census of Manufactures on" 20 individual manufacturing industries disaggregated by state to analyze the relative" contributions of industry mix and location to regional variations in economic performance during" the period 1919-1937. Industrial composition had a significant impact on regional employment" growth, with regions that concentrated on the pro...

Published: Rosenbloom, Joshua L. and William A. Sundstrom. "The Sources Of Regional Variation In The Severity Of The Great Depression: Evidence From U.S. Manufacturing, 1919-1937," Journal of Economic History, 1999, v59(3,Sep), 714-747. citation courtesy of

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