Institute of Management Technology
Dubai International Academic City
United Arab Emirates
Institutional Affiliation: Institute of Management Technology, Dubai
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|August 2019||Strict Voter Identification Laws, Turnout, and Election Outcomes|
with Mark Hoekstra: w26206
Since 2000, ten states have enacted strict voter identification laws, which require that voters show identification in order for their votes to count. While proponents argue these laws prevent voter fraud and protect the integrity of elections, opponents argue they disenfranchise low-income and minority voters. In this paper, we document the extent to which these laws can affect voter turnout and election outcomes. We do so using historical data on more than 2,000 races in Florida and Michigan, which both allow and track ballots cast without identification. Results indicate that at most only 0.10% and 0.31% of total votes cast in each state were cast without IDs. Thus, even under the extreme assumption that all voters without IDs were either fraudulent or would be disenfranchised by a stri...