Tri Vi Dang
420 W 118 St MC 3308
New York, NY 10027
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|June 2014||Banks as Secret Keepers|
with Gary Gorton, Bengt Holmström, Guillermo Ordonez: w20255
Banks are optimally opaque institutions. They produce debt for use as a transaction medium (bank money), which requires that information about the backing assets - loans - not be revealed, so that bank money does not fluctuate in value, reducing the efficiency of trade. This need for opacity conflicts with the production of information about investment projects, needed for allocative efficiency. Intermediaries exist to hide such information, so banks select portfolios of information-insensitive assets. For the economy as a whole, firms endogenously separate into bank finance and capital market/stock market finance depending on the cost of producing information about their projects.
Published: Tri Vi Dang & Gary Gorton & Bengt Holmström & Guillermo Ordoñez, 2017. "Banks as Secret Keepers," American Economic Review, vol 107(4), pages 1005-1029. citation courtesy of