Department of Economics
SE-106 91 Stockholm
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|August 2018||Attitudes Toward Debt and Debt Behavior|
with Johan Almenberg, Annamaria Lusardi, Jenny Säve-Söderbergh: w24935
We combine survey data on debt attitudes with registry data on household balance sheets to shed light on the determinants of household debt. We introduce a simple and novel survey measure of attitude toward debt, asking respondents if they are uncomfortable with debt. We show that this measure is correlated with observed household debt levels, even after controlling for relevant socioeconomic variables; those who report being uncomfortable with debt have considerably lower debt levels. Being uncomfortable with debt is correlated between parents and their children, indicating intergenerational transmission of behavior and attitudes toward debt.
|April 2017||Are Mutual Fund Managers Paid For Investment Skill?|
with Markus Ibert, Ron Kaniel, Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh: w23373
Compensation of mutual fund managers is paramount to understanding agency frictions in asset delegation. We collect a unique registry-based dataset on the compensation of Swedish mutual fund managers. We find a concave relationship between pay and revenue, in contrast to how investors compensate the fund company (firm). We also find a surprisingly weak sensitivity of pay to performance, even after accounting for the indirect effects of performance on revenue. Firm-level revenues and profits add substantial explanatory power for compensation to manager-level revenue and performance, highlighting the importance of the mutual fund firm.
Published: Markus Ibert & Ron Kaniel & Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh & Roine Vestman, 2018. "Are Mutual Fund Managers Paid for Investment Skill?," The Review of Financial Studies, vol 31(2), pages 715-772.
|December 2016||Identifying the Benefits from Home Ownership: A Swedish Experiment|
with Paolo Sodini, Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh, Ulf von Lilienfeld-Toal: w22882
This paper studies the economic benefits of home ownership. Exploiting a quasi-experiment surrounding privatization decisions of municipally-owned apartment buildings, we obtain random variation in home ownership for otherwise similar buildings with similar tenants. We link the tenants to their tax records to obtain information on demographics, income, mobility patterns, housing wealth, financial wealth, and debt. These data allow us to construct high-quality measures of consumption expenditures. Home ownership causes households to move up the housing ladder, work harder, and save more. Consumption increases out of housing wealth are concentrated among the home owners who sell subsequent to privatization and among those who receive negative income shocks, evidencing a collateral effect.
|July 2014||Judging the Quality of Survey Data by Comparison with "Truth" as Measured by Administrative Records: Evidence From Sweden|
with Ralph Koijen, Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh
in Improving the Measurement of Consumer Expenditures, Christopher D. Carroll, Thomas F. Crossley, and John Sabelhaus, editors
We construct a new consumption measure as a residual from the budget constraint. Consumption is that part of income that is not used to increase assets. Our measurement relies on detailed Swedish registry data on the various sources of income and the composition of households' asset portfolio, collected as part of the tax assessment process. The richness of the data allows us to impute a household-specific portfolio return, which is important to arrive at an accurate consumption measure with our method. We match the Swedish households that are surveyed with a standard European Household Budget Survey to our data set, allowing a detailed comparison of the two consumption measures. We find that the survey-based measures understate consumption for home-owners, high-income, and high-wealth hou...