NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Richard K. Mansfield

Economics Building Room 04B
University of Colorado-Boulder
Boulder, CO 80309

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NBER Program Affiliations: ED
NBER Affiliation: Faculty Research Fellow
Institutional Affiliation: University of Colorado at Boulder

NBER Working Papers and Publications

October 2018Quantifying Family, School, and Location Effects in the Presence of Complementarities and Sorting
with Mohit Agrawal, Joseph G. Altonji: w25167
We extend the control function approach of Altonji and Mansfield (2018) to allow for multiple group levels and complementarities. Our analysis provides a foundation for causal interpretation of multilevel mixed effects models in the presence of sorting. In our empirical application, we obtain lower bound estimates of the importance of school and commuting zone inputs for education and wages. A school/location combination at the 90th versus 10th percentile of the school/location quality distribution increases the high school graduation probability and college enrollment probability by at least .06 and .17, respectively. Treatment effects are heterogeneous across subgroups, primarily due to nonlinearity in the educational attainment model.

Published: Mohit Agrawal & Joseph G. Altonji & Richard K. Mansfield, 2019. "Quantifying Family, School, and Location Effects in the Presence of Complementarities and Sorting," Journal of Labor Economics, vol 37(S1), pages S11-S83.

November 2016Quantifying Family, School, and Location Effects in the Presence of Complementarities and Sorting
with Mohit Agrawal, Joseph G. Altonji
in Youth Labor Markets, David Card, organizer
December 2014Group-Average Observables as Controls for Sorting on Unobservables When Estimating Group Treatment Effects: the Case of School and Neighborhood Effects
with Joseph G. Altonji: w20781
We consider the classic problem of estimating group treatment effects when individuals sort based on observed and unobserved characteristics that affect the outcome. Using a standard choice model, we show that controlling for group averages of observed individual characteristics potentially absorbs all the across-group variation in unobservable individual characteristics. We use this insight to bound the treatment effect variance of school systems and associated neighborhoods for various outcomes. Across four datasets, our most conservative estimates indicate that a 90th versus 10th percentile school system increases the high school graduation probability by between 0.047 and 0.085 and increases the college enrollment probability by between 0.11 and 0.13. We also find large effects on ad...

American Economic Review (Forthcoming)

October 2006Demographic Change, Social Security Systems, and Savings
with David E. Bloom, David Canning, Michael Moore: w12621
In theory, improvements in healthy life expectancy should generate increases in the average age of retirement, with little effect on savings rates. In many countries, however, retirement incentives in social security programs prevent retirement ages from keeping pace with changes in life expectancy, leading to an increased need for life-cycle savings. Analyzing a cross-country panel of macroeconomic data, we find that increased longevity raises aggregate savings rates in countries with universal pension coverage and retirement incentives, though the effect disappears in countries with pay-as-you-go systems and high replacement rates.

Published: Bloom, David E. & Canning, David & Mansfield, Richard K. & Moore, Michael, 2007. "Demographic change, social security systems, and savings," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 92-114, January. citation courtesy of

 
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