Australian Competition and Consumer Commission
Melbourne VIC 3000
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|August 2016||Does Organizational Form Drive Competition? Evidence from Coffee Retailing|
with Brian Adams, Joshua Gans, Ryan Lampe: w22548
This article examines patterns of entry and exit in a relatively homogeneous product market to investigate the impact of entry on incumbent firms and market structure. In particular, we are interested in whether the organizational form of entrants matters for the competitive decisions of incumbents. We assess the impact of chain stores on independent retailers in the Melbourne coffee market using annual data on the location and entry status of 4,768 coffee retailers between 1991 and 2010. The long panel enables us to include market fixed effects to address the endogeneity of store locations. Logit regressions indicate that chain stores have no discernible effect on the exit or entry decisions of independent stores. However, each additional chain store increases the probability of another c...