Kansas State University
339A Waters Hall
Manhattan, KS 66506-4001
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|July 2011||Post-Secondary Attendance by Parental Income in the U.S. and Canada: What Role for Financial Aid Policy?|
with Marc Frenette, Lance Lochner: w17218
This paper examines the implications of tuition and need-based financial aid policies for family income - post-secondary (PS) attendance relationships. We first conduct a parallel empirical analysis of the effects of parental income on PS attendance for recent high school cohorts in both the U.S. and Canada using data from the 1997 Cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and Youth in Transition Survey. We estimate substantially smaller PS attendance gaps by parental income in Canada relative to the U.S., even after controlling for family background, adolescent cognitive achievement, and local residence fixed effects. We next document that U.S. public tuition and financial aid policies are actually more generous to low-income youth than are Canadian policies. By contrast, Ca...
Published: Post-secondary attendance by parental income in the U.S. and Canada: Do financial aid policies explain the differences? Philippe Belley1,*, Marc Frenette2 andLance Lochner3 Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique Volume 47, Issue 2, pages 664–696, May/mai 2014
|October 2007||The Changing Role of Family Income and Ability in Determining Educational Achievement|
with Lance Lochner: w13527
This paper uses data from the 1979 and 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth cohorts (NLSY79 and NLSY97) to estimate changes in the effects of ability and family income on educational attainment for youth in their late teens during the early 1980s and early 2000s. Cognitive ability plays an important role in determining educational outcomes for both NLSY cohorts, while family income plays little role in determining high school completion in either cohort. Most interestingly, we document a dramatic increase in the effects of family income on college attendance (particularly among the least able) from the NLSY79 to the NLSY97. Family income has also become a much more important determinant of college 'quality' and hours/weeks worked during the academic year (the latter among the most ...
Published: Philippe Belley & Lance Lochner, 2007. "The Changing Role of Family Income and Ability in Determining Educational Achievement," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 1(1), pages 37-89. citation courtesy of