Paul Gertler

Haas School of Business
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720
Tel: 510/642-1418

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
NBER Program Affiliations: DEV
NBER Affiliation: Research Associate
Institutional Affiliation: University of California at Berkeley

NBER Working Papers and Publications

July 2020Enforcing Payment for Water and Sanitation Services in Nairobi’s Slums
with Aidan Coville, Sebastian Galiani, Susumu Yoshida: w27569
February 2020Trust and Saving in Financial Institutions
with Sebastian Galiani, Camila Navajas Ahumada: w26809
September 2019Effect of Inquiry and Problem Based Pedagogy on Learning: Evidence from 10 Field Experiments in Four Countries
with Rosangela Bando, Emma Näslund-Hadley: w26280
March 2018Mortality from Nestlé’s Marketing of Infant Formula in Low and Middle-Income Countries
with Jesse K. Anttila-Hughes, Lia C.H. Fernald, Patrick Krause, Bruce Wydick: w24452
January 2018Aspiration Adaptation in Resource-Constrained Environments
with Sebastian Galiani, Raimundo Undurraga: w24264
July 2017Incentives for Replication in Economics
with Sebastian Galiani, Mauricio Romero: w23576

Published: How to make replication the norm, Nature, Volume 554, 2018, pages 417-419

Vulnerability and Clientelism
with Gustavo J. Bobonis, Marco Gonzalez-Navarro, Simeon Nichter: w23589
March 2017Living Up to Expectations: How Job Training Made Women Better Off and Men Worse Off
with Paloma Acevedo, Guillermo Cruces, Sebastian Martinez: w23264
How Debit Cards Enable the Poor to Save More
with Pierre Bachas, Sean Higgins, Enrique Seira: w23252
December 2016The Effects of Non-Contributory Pensions on Material and Subjective Well Being
with Rosangela Bando, Sebastian Galiani: w22995

Published: Rosangela Bando & Sebastian Galiani & Paul Gertler, 2020. "The Effects of Noncontributory Pensions on Material and Subjective Well-Being," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 68(4), pages 1233-1255. citation courtesy of

Books or Laptops? The Cost-Effectiveness of Shifting from Printed to Digital Delivery of Educational Content
with Rosangela Bando, Francisco Gallego, Dario Romero: w22928
July 2015Long Run Effects of Temporary Incentives on Medical Care Productivity
with Pablo Celhay, Paula Giovagnoli, Christel Vermeersch: w21361

Published: Pablo A. Celhay & Paul J. Gertler & Paula Giovagnoli & Christel Vermeersch, 2019. "Long-Run Effects of Temporary Incentives on Medical Care Productivity," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, vol 11(3), pages 92-127.

April 2015The Half-Life of Happiness: Hedonic Adaptation in the Subjective Well-Being of Poor Slum Dwellers to a Large Improvement in Housing
with Sebastian Galiani, Raimundo Undurraga: w21098

Published: Sebastian Galiani, Paul J Gertler, Raimundo Undurraga; The Half-Life of Happiness: Hedonic Adaptation in the Subjective Well-Being of Poor Slum Dwellers to the Satisfaction of Basic Housing Needs, Journal of the European Economic Association, , jvx042,

March 2015How Does Health Promotion Work? Evidence From The Dirty Business of Eliminating Open Defecation
with Manisha Shah, Maria Laura Alzua, Lisa Cameron, Sebastian Martinez, Sumeet Patil: w20997
January 2014Non-Contributory Pensions
with Sebastian Galiani, Rosangela Bando: w19775

Published: Galiani, Sebastian & Gertler, Paul & Bando, Rosangela, 2016. "Non-contributory pensions," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 47-58. citation courtesy of

November 2013Moral Hazard and Economies of Scope in Physician Ownership of Complementary Medical Services
with Brian K. Chen, Chuh-Yuh Yang: w19622
August 2013Shelter from the Storm: Upgrading Housing Infrastructure in Latin American Slums
with Sebastian Galiani, Ryan Cooper, Sebastian Martinez, Adam Ross, Raimundo Undurraga: w19322

Published: Galiani, Sebastián & Gertler, Paul J. & Undurraga, Raimundo & Cooper, Ryan & Martínez, Sebastián & Ross, Adam, 2017. "Shelter from the storm: Upgrading housing infrastructure in Latin American slums," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 187-213. citation courtesy of

June 2013Labor Market Returns to Early Childhood Stimulation: a 20-year Followup to an Experimental Intervention in Jamaica
with James Heckman, Rodrigo Pinto, Arianna Zanolini, Christel Vermeersch, Susan Walker, Susan M. Chang, Sally Grantham-McGregor: w19185

Published: Science 30 May 2014: Vol. 344 no. 6187 pp. 998-1001 DOI: 10.1126/science.1251178 Report Labor market returns to an early childhood stimulation intervention in Jamaica Paul Gertler1,2,*, James Heckman3,4,5, Rodrigo Pinto3, Arianna Zanolini3, Christel Vermeersch6, Susan Walker7, Susan M. Chang7, Sally Grantham-McGregor8

May 2013How Pro-Poor Growth Affects the Demand for Energy
with Orie Shelef, Catherine Wolfram, Alan Fuchs: w19092
Using Performance Incentives to Improve Medical Care Productivity and Health Outcomes
with Christel Vermeersch: w19046

Published: Journal of Health Economics Volume 40, March 2015, Pages 1–9 Cover image Using provider performance incentives to increase HIV testing and counseling services in Rwanda Damien de Walquea, 1, , , Paul J. Gertlerb, 1, Sergio Bautista-Arredondoc, Ada Kwanc, Christel Vermeerschd, Jean de Dieu Bizimanae, Agnès Binagwahof, Jeanine Condog

May 2012Cash for Coolers
with Lucas W. Davis, Alan Fuchs: w18044

Published: Cash for Coolers: Evaluating a Large-Scale Appliance Replacement Program in Mexico” (with Alan Fuchs and Paul Gertler), American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, vol. 6, no. 4, November 2014 (pp. 207-38).

January 2012How Will Energy Demand Develop in the Developing World?
with Catherine Wolfram, Orie Shelef: w17747

Published: Catherine Wolfram & Orie Shelef & Paul Gertler, 2012. "How Will Energy Demand Develop in the Developing World?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 26(1), pages 119-38, Winter. citation courtesy of

May 1997Insuring Consumption Against Illness
with Jonathan Gruber: w6035

Published: Gertler, Paul and Jonathan Gruber. "Insuring Consumption Against Illness," American Economic Review, 2002, v92(1,Mar), 51-70. citation courtesy of

April 1994Information and the Demand for Supplemental Medicare Insurance
with Roland Sturm, Bruce Davidson: w4700
December 1990Quality Adjusted Cost Functions
with Donald M. Waldman: w3567

Published: "Quality Adjusted Cost Functions and Policy Evaluation in the Nursing Home Industry", Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 100, no. 6, December 1992,pp. 1232-1256

June 1990Moral Hazard in Partnerships
with Martin Gaynor: w3373

Published: "Moral Hazard and Risk Spreading in Medical Partnerships," Rand Journal of Economics, Winter 1995, V. 26, #4, pp. 591-613

February 1989Medicaid and the Cost of Improving Access to Nursing Home Care

Published: Review of Economics and Statistics, vol. 74, no. 2, May 1992, pp. 338-345

November 1987The Effect of Mental Distress on Income: Results from a Community Survey
with Richard G. Frank: w2433

Published: "An Assesment of Measurement Error Bias for Estimating the Effect of Mental Distress on Income." From The Journal of Human Resources, Vol. XXVI, No. 1 , pp. 154-164, (Winter 1991).

June 1987Are User Fees Regressive? The Welfare Implications of Health Care Financing Proposals in Peru
with Luis Locay, Warren C. Sanderson: w2299

Published: Journal of Econometrics, Special Issue on Topics in Development Economics, .36, pp.67-88, 1987. citation courtesy of

May 1987Regulation and the Provision of Quality to Heterogenous Consumers: The Case of Prospective Pricing of Medical Services
with Robin Allen: w2269

Published: Journal of Regulatory Economics, vol. 3, pp. 361-375 December, 1991.

October 1985A Latent Variable Model of Quality Determination

Published: Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, Vol. 6, pp.97-107, 1988.

A Decomposition of the Elasticity of Medicaid Nursing Home Expenditures Into Price, Quality, and Quantity Effects
August 1985Subsidies, Quality, and Regulation in the Nursing Home Industry

Published: Journal of Public Economics, Vol.38, pp.33-52, 1989.

July 1985Regulated Price Discrimination and Quality: The Implications of Medicaid Reimbursement Policy for the Nursing Home Industry
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