Potsdam Institute for Climate
P.O. 60 12 03
Institutional Affiliation: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|October 2018||Overcoming Wealth Inequality by Capital Taxes that Finance Public Investment|
with , , : w25126
Wealth inequality is rising in rich countries. Capital taxation used simply to finance redistribution may not be able to counteract this trend, but can increased public investment financed by higher capital taxes? We examine how such a policy affects the distribution of wealth in a setting with distinct wealth groups: dynastic savers and life-cycle savers. Our main finding is that public investment financed through capital taxes always decreases wealth inequality when the elasticity of substitution between capital and labor is moderately high. Indeed, for all elasticities of substitution greater than a threshold value, at high enough capital tax rates, dynastic savers disappear in the long run. Below these rates, both types of households co-exist in equilibrium with life-cycle savers gaini...
|December 2012||Risk Management and Climate Change|
with , , , , : w18607
The selection of climate policies should be an exercise in risk management reflecting the many relevant sources of uncertainty. Studies of climate change and its impacts rarely yield consensus on the distribution of exposure, vulnerability, or possible outcomes. Hence policy analysis cannot effectively evaluate alternatives using standard approaches such as expected utility theory and benefit-cost analysis. This Perspective highlights the value of robust decision-making tools designed for situations, such as evaluating climate policies, where generally agreed-upon probability distributions are not available and stakeholders differ in their degree of risk tolerance. This broader risk management approach enables one to examine a range of possible outcomes and the uncertainty surrounding the...
Published: Nature Climate Change | Perspective Print Share/bookmark Risk management and climate change Howard Kunreuther, Geoffrey Heal, Myles Allen, Ottmar Edenhofer, Christopher B. Field & Gary Yohe Affiliations Contributions Corresponding author Nature Climate Change 3, 447–450 (2013) doi:10.1038/nclimate1740 Received 29 June 2012 Accepted 09 October 2012 Published online 24 March 2013