NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Oeindrila Dube

University of Chicago
Harris School of Public Policy
1155 E 60th St
Chicago, IL 60637

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NBER Program Affiliations: DEV , POL
NBER Affiliation: Faculty Research Fellow

NBER Working Papers and Publications

April 2017Queens
with S.P. Harish: w23337
Are states led by women less prone to conflict than states led by men? We answer this question by examining the effect of female rule on war among European polities over the 15th-20th centuries. We utilize gender of the first born and presence of a female sibling among previous monarchs as instruments for queenly rule. We find that polities led by queens were more likely to engage in war than polities led by kings. Moreover, the tendency of queens to engage as aggressors varied by marital status. Among unmarried monarchs, queens were more likely to be attacked than kings. Among married monarchs, queens were more likely to participate as attackers than kings, and, more likely to fight alongside allies. These results are consistent with an account in which marriages strengthened queenly reig...
June 2014Bases, Bullets and Ballots: the Effect of U.S. Military Aid on Political Conflict in Colombia
with Suresh Naidu: w20213
Does foreign military assistance strengthen or further weaken fragile states facing internal conflict? Aid may strengthen the state by bolstering its repressive capacity vis-à-vis armed non-state actors, or weaken it if resources are diverted to these very groups. We examine how U.S. military aid affects political violence in Colombia. We exploit the allocation of U.S. military aid to Colombian military bases, and compare how aid affects municipalities with and without bases. We use an instrument based on worldwide increases in U.S. military aid (excluding Latin America). We find that U.S. military assistance leads to differential increases in attacks by paramilitaries, but has no effect on guerrilla attacks. Aid also results in more paramilitary (but not guerrilla) homicides during electi...

Published: Dube, Oeindrila and Suresh Naidu, 2015: "Bases, Bullets, and Ballots: The Effect of US Military Aid on Political Conflict in Colombia," The Journal of Politics, 77(1): 249-267.

 
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