Nicholas Ialongo

Johns Hopkins
Bloomberg School of Public Health
624 N. Broadway, 8th Fl
Baltimore, MD 21205

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

September 2010Implications of Middle School Behavior Problems for High School Graduation and Employment Outcomes of Young Adults: Estimation of a Recursive Model
with Mustafa C. Karakus, David S. Salkever, Eric P. Slade, Elizabeth Stuart: w16383
The potentially serious adverse impacts of behavior problems during adolescence on employment outcomes in adulthood provide a key economic rationale for early intervention programs. However, the extent to which lower educational attainment accounts for the total impact of adolescent behavior problems on later employment remains unclear As an initial step in exploring this issue, we specify and estimate a recursive bivariate probit model that 1) relates middle school behavior problems to high school graduation and 2) models later employment in young adulthood as a function of these behavior problems and of high school graduation. Our model thus allows for both a direct effect of behavior problems on later employment as well as an indirect effect that operates via graduation from high school...

Published: Karakus MC, Salkever DS, Slade EP, Ialongo N, Stuart EA. Implications of middle school behavior problems for high school graduation and employment outcomes of young adults: Estimation of a recursive model. Education Economics , 2011, doi: 10.1080/09645292.2010.511816. PMCID: PMC3619730 citation courtesy of

July 2006Using Target Efficiency to Select Program Participants and Risk-Factor Models: An Application to Child Mental Health Interventions for Preventing Future Crime
with David S. Salkever, Stephen Johnston, Mustafa C. Karakus, Eric Slade: w12377
Statistical risk factor models are often proposed for screening high-risk children to participate in early intervention programs. Recent contributions to the program evaluation literature demonstrate the need for incorporating judgments about relative importance of false positives versus false negatives in screening. This paper formalizes these judgments as commensurable economic costs and benefits and applies them to demonstrate an approach to participant selection motivated by the standard cost-benefit criterion of maximizing expected net benefits. Implications of this approach are explored using data from a mental health prevention trial. We illustrate the response of expected net benefits to the choice of a selection risk level, the sensitivity of the optimal selection risk level to pe...
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