Koc University - Istinye Campus,
Çayır Caddesi No: 65 34460
Institutional Affiliation: Koc University
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|October 2015||The Ups and Downs of Turkish Growth, 2002-2015: Political Dynamics, the European Union and the Institutional Slide|
with Daron Acemoglu: w21608
We document a change in the character and quality of Turkish economic growth with a turning point around 2007 and link this change to the reversal in the nature of economic institutions, which underwent a series of growth-enhancing reforms following Turkey's financial crisis in 2001, but then started moving in the opposite direction in the second half of 2000s. This institutional reversal, we argue, is itself a consequence of a turnaround in political factors. The first phase coincided with a deepening in Turkish democracy under the prodding and the guidance of the European Union, and witnessed the waning of the military's influence and the broadening of effective political participation. As Turkey-European Union relations collapsed and internal political dynamics removed the checks agains...