NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|September 2008||Economic Factors Underlying the Unbundling of Advertising Agency Services|
with Ernst R. Berndt, James C. Davis, Alvin J. Silk: w14345
This paper addresses a longstanding puzzle involving the unbundling of services that has occurred over more than two decades in the U.S. advertising agency industry: How can the shift from the bundling to the unbundling of services be explained and what accounts for the slow pace of change? Using a cost-based theoretical framework of bundling due to Evans and Salinger (2005, 2008), we develop a simple model of an advertising agency's decision to unbundle its services as a tradeoff between the fixed cost to the advertiser of establishing and maintaining a relationship with an advertising agency and pecuniary economies of scale available in providing media services. The results from an econometric analysis of cross-sectional and pooled data collected by the U.S. Census Bureau for quinquennia...