Patrick M. Downey
Institute for International Economic Studies
SE-106 91 Stockholm
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|January 2016||Expanding Governance as Development: Evidence on Child Nutrition in the Philippines|
with Eli Berman, Joseph Felter: w21849
Worldwide, extreme poverty is often concentrated in spaces where people and property are not safe enough to sustain effective markets, and where development assistance is dangerous – and might even induce violence. Expanding governance by coercively taking control of territory may enable markets and development programs, but costs to local residents may exceed benefits, especially if that expansion is violent. We estimate for the first time whether a large counterinsurgency program improves welfare. We exploit the staggered roll-out of the Philippine “Peace and Development Teams” counterinsurgency program, which treated 12% of the population between 2002 and 2010. Though treatment temporarily increased violence, the program progressively reduced child malnutrition: by 10% in the first year...