NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Michael Kremer

Harvard University
Department of Economics
Littauer Center M20
Cambridge, MA 02138
Tel: 617/495-9145
Fax: 617/495-7730

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
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NBER Program Affiliations: EFG , CH , ED , DEV
NBER Affiliation: Research Associate

NBER Working Papers and Publications

September 2016Borrowing Requirements, Credit Access, and Adverse Selection: Evidence from Kenya
with William Jack, Joost de Laat, Tavneet Suri: w22686
July 2016Does Mass Deworming Affect Child Nutrition? Meta-analysis, Cost-Effectiveness, and Statistical Power
with Kevin Croke, Joan Hamory Hicks, Eric Hsu, Edward Miguel: w22382
January 2016Guns, Latrines, and Land Reform: Private Expectations and Public Policy
with Jack Willis: w21915
July 2015Worms at Work: Long-run Impacts of a Child Health Investment
with Sarah Baird, Joan Hamory Hicks, Edward Miguel: w21428

Published: Sarah Baird & Joan Hamory Hicks & Michael Kremer & Edward Miguel, 2016. "Worms at Work: Long-run Impacts of a Child Health Investment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol 131(4), pages 1637-1680.

May 2015When Should Governments Subsidize Health? The Case of Mass Deworming
with Amrita Ahuja, Sarah Baird, Joan Hamory Hicks, Edward Miguel, Shawn Powers: w21148

Published: Amrita Ahuja & Sarah Baird & Joan Hamory Hicks & Michael Kremer & Edward Miguel & Shawn Powers, 2015. "When Should Governments Subsidize Health? The Case of Mass Deworming," The World Bank Economic Review, vol 29(suppl 1), pages S9-S24. citation courtesy of

March 2015Preventives Versus Treatments
with Christopher Snyder: w21012

Published: Michael Kremer & Christopher M. Snyder, 2015. "Preventives Versus Treatments," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol 130(3), pages 1167-1239.

December 2014Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya
with Esther Duflo, Pascaline Dupas: w20784

Published: Esther Duflo & Pascaline Dupas & Michael Kremer, 2015. "Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 105(9), pages 2757-97, September. citation courtesy of

July 2014Success in Entrepreneurship: Doing the Math
with Jonathan Robinson, Olga Rostapshova
in African Successes, Volume II: Human Capital, Sebastian Edwards, Simon Johnson, and David N. Weil, editors
May 2014Contract Farming and Agricultural Productivity in Western Kenya
with Lorenzo Casaburi, Sendhil Mullainathan
in African Successes, Volume IV: Sustainable Growth, Sebastian Edwards, Simon Johnson, and David N. Weil, editors
March 2013When Is Prevention More Profitable than Cure? The Impact of Time-Varying Consumer Heterogeneity
with Christopher M. Snyder: w18862

Published: Preventives Versus Treatments* Michael Kremer and Christopher M. Snyder The Quarterly Journal of Economics (2015) 130 (3): 1167-1239. doi: 10.1093/qje/qjv012

March 2012School Governance, Teacher Incentives, and Pupil-Teacher Ratios: Experimental Evidence from Kenyan Primary Schools
with Esther Duflo, Pascaline Dupas: w17939

Published: Duflo, Esther & Dupas, Pascaline & Kremer, Michael, 2015. "School governance, teacher incentives, and pupil–teacher ratios: Experimental evidence from Kenyan primary schools," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 92-110. citation courtesy of

April 2011Education as Liberation?
with Willa Friedman, Edward Miguel, Rebecca Thornton: w16939

Published: Willa Friedman & Michael Kremer & Edward Miguel & Rebecca Thornton, 2016. "Education as Liberation?," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 83(329), pages 1-30, 01. citation courtesy of

February 2010Incentivizing Innovation: Adding to the Tool Kit
with Heidi Williams
in Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 10, Josh Lerner and Scott Stern, editors
August 2009Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation and Property Rights Institutions
with Jessica Leino, Edward Miguel, Alix Peterson Zwane: w15280

Published: Michael Kremer & Jessica Leino & Edward Miguel & Alix Peterson Zwane, 2011. "Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation, and Property Rights Institutions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(1), pages 145-205. citation courtesy of

July 2009Nudging Farmers to Use Fertilizer: Theory and Experimental Evidence from Kenya
with Esther Duflo, Jonathan Robinson: w15131

Published: Esther Duflo & Michael Kremer & Jonathan Robinson, 2011. "Nudging Farmers to Use Fertilizer: Theory and Experimental Evidence from Kenya," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(6), pages 2350-90, October. citation courtesy of

November 2008Peer Effects, Teacher Incentives, and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya
with Esther Duflo, Pascaline Dupas: w14475

Published: Esther Duflo & Pascaline Dupas & Michael Kremer, 2011. "Peer Effects, Teacher Incentives, and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(5), pages 1739-74, August. citation courtesy of

October 2007Mosquitoes: The Long-term Effects of Malaria Eradication in India
with David Cutler, Winnie Fung, Monica Singhal, Tom Vogl: w13539
August 2007Many Children Left Behind? Textbooks and Test Scores in Kenya
with Paul Glewwe, Sylvie Moulin: w13300

Published: Paul Glewwe & Michael Kremer & Sylvie Moulin, 2009. "Many Children Left Behind? Textbooks and Test Scores in Kenya," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 1(1), pages 112-35, January. citation courtesy of

March 2007What Works in Fighting Diarrheal Diseases in Developing Countries? A Critical Review
w12987

Published: Kremer, Michael and Alix Peterson Zwane. “What Works in Fighting Diarrheal Diseases in Developing Countries? A Critical Review.” World Bank Research Observer 22:1 (Spring 2007): 1-24.

December 2006Using Randomization in Development Economics Research: A Toolkit
with Esther Duflo, Rachel Glennerster: t0333
February 2006Economic Transformation, Population Growth and the Long-Run World Income Distribution
with Marcos Chamon: w12038

Published: Chamon, Marcos & Kremer, Michael, 2009. "Economic transformation, population growth and the long-run world income distribution," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(1), pages 20-30, September. citation courtesy of

May 2005Advanced Purchase Commitments for a Malaria Vaccine: Estimating Costs and Effectiveness
with Ernst R. Berndt, Rachel Glennerster, Jean Lee, Ruth Levine, Georg Weizsacker, Heidi Williams: w11288
December 2004Incentives to Learn
with Edward Miguel, Rebecca Thornton: w10971

Published:

  • Kremer, Michael, Edward Miguel and Rebecca Thornton. “Incentives to Learn.” Education Next: a Journal of Opinion and Research 5, 2 (Spring 2005): 57-64.
  • Michael Kremer & Edward Miguel & Rebecca Thornton, 2009. "Incentives to Learn," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 91(3), pages 437-456, August. citation courtesy of

August 2004Long-Term Consequences of Secondary School Vouchers: Evidence from Administrative Records in Colombia
with Joshua Angrist, Eric Bettinger: w10713

Published: Angrist, Joshua, Eric Bettinger and Michael Kremer. "Long-Term Educational Consequences Of Secondary School Vouchers: Evidence From Administrative Records In Colombia," American Economic Review, 2006, v96(3,Jun), 847-862.

February 2004The Illusion of Sustainability
with Edward Miguel: w10324

Published: Kremer, Michael and Edward Miguel. “The Illusion of Sustainability.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 122, 3 (2007): 1007-1065. [re-printed in Reinventing Foreign Aid, (ed.) William Easterly, MIT Press] citation courtesy of

July 2003Peer Effects and Alcohol Use Among College Students
with Dan M. Levy: w9876

Published: Kremer, Michael and Dan Levy. "Peer Effects and Alcohol Use Among College Students." Journal of Economic Perspectives 22, 3 (Summer 2008): 189-206.

Why Are Drugs More Profitable Than Vaccines?
with Christopher M. Snyder: w9833
June 2003Incentives in Markets, Firms and Governments
with Daron Acemoglu, Atif Mian: w9802

Published: Acemoglu, Daron, Michael Kremer, and Atif Mian. "Incentives in Markets, Firms and Governments." Journal of Law, Economics and Organizations(December 2007). citation courtesy of

May 2003Teacher Incentives
with Paul Glewwe, Nauman Ilias: w9671

Published: Paul Glewwe & Nauman Ilias & Michael Kremer, 2010. "Teacher Incentives," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(3), pages 205-27, July. citation courtesy of

May 2002Odious Debt
with Seema Jayachandran: w8953

Published: Seema Jayachandran & Michael Kremer, 2006. "Odious Debt," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(1), pages 82-92, March. citation courtesy of

September 2001Worms: Education and Health Externalities in Kenya
with Edward Miguel: w8481

Published: Miguel, Edward and Michael Kremer. "Worms: Identifying Impacts On Education And Health In The Presence Of Treatment Externalities," Econometrica, 2004, v72(1,Jan), 159-217.

June 2001Vouchers for Private Schooling in Colombia: Evidence from a Randomized Natural Experiment
with Joshua Angrist, Eric Bettinger, Erik Bloom, Elizabeth King: w8343

Published: Joshua Angrist & Eric Bettinger & Erik Bloom & Elizabeth King & Michael Kremer, 2002. "Vouchers for Private Schooling in Colombia: Evidence from a Randomized Natural Experiment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(5), pages 1535-1558, December. citation courtesy of

April 2001Searching for Prosperity
with Alexei Onatski, James Stock: w8250

Published: Kremer, Michael & Onatski, Alexei & Stock, James, 2001. "Searching for prosperity," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 275-303, December. citation courtesy of

A Biological Model of Unions
with Benjamin A. Olken: w8257

Published: Olken, Benjamin A. and Michael Kremer. “A Biological Model of Unions." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 1, 2 (April 2009): 150-175. citation courtesy of

January 2001Creating Markets for New Vaccines - Part I: Rationale
in Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 1, Adam B. Jaffe, Josh Lerner and Scott Stern, editors
Creating Markets for New Vaccines - Part II: Design Issues
in Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 1, Adam B. Jaffe, Josh Lerner and Scott Stern, editors
November 2000Retrospective vs. Prospective Analyses of School Inputs: The Case of Flip Charts in Kenya
with Paul Glewwe, Sylvie Moulin, Eric Zitzewitz: w8018

Published: Glewwe, Paul & Kremer, Michael & Moulin, Sylvie & Zitzewitz, Eric, 2004. "Retrospective vs. prospective analyses of school inputs: the case of flip charts in Kenya," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 251-268, June. citation courtesy of

September 2000Outside Funding of Community Organizations: Benefiting or Displacing the Poor?
with Mary Kay Gugerty: w7896
May 2000Creating Markets for New Vaccines Part I: Rationale
w7716

Published: Creating Markets for New Vaccines - Part I: Rationale, Michael Kremer. in Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 1, Jaffe, Lerner, and Stern. 2001

Creating Markets for New Vaccines Part II: Design Issues
w7717

Published: Creating Markets for New Vaccines - Part II: Design Issues, Michael Kremer. in Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 1, Jaffe, Lerner, and Stern. 2001

March 2000Globalization and International Public Finance
with Paras Mehta: w7575
February 2000Income-distribution Dynamics with Endogenous Fertility
with Daniel Chen: w7530

Published:

December 1997Patent Buy-Outs: A Mechanism for Encouraging Innovation
w6304

Published: Quarterly Journal of Economics (November 1998): 1137-1167.

September 1997Does Favorable Tax-Treatment of Housing Reduce Equipment Investment?
with Ben Broadbent: w6161

Published: Broadbent, Ben and Michael Kremer. "Does Favorable Tax-Treatment Of Housing Reduce Non-Housing Investment?," Journal of Public Economics, 2001, v81(3,Sep), 369-391.

July 1997Why are Worker Cooperatives So Rare?
w6118
August 1996Wage Inequality and Segregation by Skill
with Eric Maskin: w5718
July 1996Elephants
with Charles Morcom: w5674

Published: Kremer, Michael and Charles Morcom. "Elephants," American Economic Review, 2000, v90(1,Mar), 212-234.

May 1996How Much Does Sorting Increase Inequality?
w5566

Published: Quarterly Journal of Economics (February 1997): 15-139. citation courtesy of

January 1996Integrating Behavioral Choice into Epidemiological Models of the AIDS Epidemic
w5428

Published: The Quarterly Journal Of Economics, Volume CXI, Issue 2 (May 1996): 549-573.

December 1994Can Having Fewer Partners Increase Prevalence of Aids?
w4942
August 1994Young Workers, Old Workers, and Convergence
with Jim Thomson: w4827

Published: Journal of Economic Growth, Vol. 3, no. 1 (March 1998): 5-28.

September 1993Good Policy or Good Luck? Country Growth Performance and Temporary Shocks
with William Easterly, Lant Pritchett, Lawrence H. Summers: w4474

Published: Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 32 (1993). citation courtesy of

 
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