University of North Texas Health Science Center
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology
3500 Camp Bowie Blvd
Fort Worth, TX 76107
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|August 2017||Effects of State-Level Earned Income Tax Credit Laws in the U.S. on Maternal Health Behaviors and Infant Health Outcomes|
with Sara Markowitz, Kelli A. Komro, Otto Lenhart, Alexander C. Wagenaar: w23714
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of state-level Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) laws in the U.S. on maternal health behaviors and infant health outcomes. Using multi-state, multi-year difference-in-differences analyses, we estimated effects of state EITC generosity on maternal health behaviors, birth weight and gestation weeks. We find little difference in maternal health behaviors associated with state-level EITC. In contrast, results for key infant health outcomes of birth weight and gestation weeks show small improvements in states with EITCs, with larger effects seen among states with more generous EITCs. Our results provide evidence for important health benefits of state-level EITC policies.
Published: Sara Markowitz & Kelli A. Komro & Melvin D. Livingston & Otto Lenhart & Alexander C. Wagenaar, 2017. "Effects of state-level Earned Income Tax Credit laws in the U.S. on maternal health behaviors and infant health outcomes," Social Science & Medicine, .