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NBER Working Papers and Publications
|January 2016||How Collateral Laws Shape Lending and Sectoral Activity|
with Charles W. Calomiris, José M. Liberti, Jason D. Sturgess: w21911
We demonstrate the central importance of creditors’ ability to use “movable” assets as collateral (as distinct from “immovable” real estate) when borrowing from banks. Using a unique cross-country micro-level loan dataset containing loan-to-value ratios for different assets, we find that loan-to-values of loans collateralized with movable assets are lower in countries with weak collateral laws, relative to immovable assets, and that lending is biased towards the use of immovable assets. Using sector-level data, we find that weak movable collateral laws create distortions in the allocation of resources that favor immovable-based production. An analysis of Slovakia’s collateral law reform confirms our findings.
Published: Calomiris, Charles W. & Larrain, Mauricio & Liberti, José & Sturgess, Jason, 2017. "How collateral laws shape lending and sectoral activity," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(1), pages 163-188. citation courtesy of
|October 2015||Enlarging the Contracting Space: Collateral Menus, Access to Credit, and Economic Activity|
with Murillo Campello: w21690
Recent reforms across Eastern European countries gave more flexibility and information for parties to engage in secured debt transactions. The menu of assets legally accepted as collateral was enlarged to include movable assets (e.g., machinery and equipment). Generalized difference-in-differences tests show that firms operating more movable assets borrowed more as a result of such reforms. Those firms also invested more, hired more, and became more efficient and profitable following the changes in the contracting environment. The financial deepening we document triggered important reallocation effects: Firms affected by the reforms increased their share of fixed assets and employment in the economy.
Published: Murillo Campello & Mauricio Larrain, 2016. "Enlarging the Contracting Space: Collateral Menus, Access to Credit, and Economic Activity," Review of Financial Studies, vol 29(2), pages 349-383.