Cra 9 A 99-02, Piso 7
Bogota D.C. Colombia
E-Mail: no email available
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|August 2004||Determinants of Labor Demand in Colombia. 1976-1996|
with Raquel Bernal
in Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, James J. Heckman and Carmen Pagés, editors
|November 2003||Determinants of Labor Demand in Colombia: 1976-1996|
with Raquel Bernal: w10077
Colombia's unemployment rate rose to 20% during the late 1990s from less than 8% in 1994. This paper argues that this has been the result of high non-wage labor costs embodied in the legislation. The estimated own-wage labor demand elasticity is around 0.5, which implies that a reduction in those costs, while politically costly, can have a significant payoff in terms of equity and efficiency. We also find that adjustment costs of changing employment as well as wage elasticities were not affected by changes in the regulations regarding severance payments and dismissal costs. In this sense, structural reforms did have an impact on labor demand through its effect on relative prices alone. Finally, we conclude that the wage elasticity of labor demand increases (in absolute terms) during contr...
Published: Heckman, James J. and Carmen Pages (eds.) Law and employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, NBER Conference Report series. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2004.
|January 1995||Macroeconomic Instability and Social Progress|
with Miguel Urrutia
in Reform, Recovery, and Growth: Latin America and the Middle East, Rudiger Dornbusch and Sebastian Edwards, editors