Bank of Italy
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|June 2003||Transparency, Risk Management and International Financial Fragility|
with Francesco Giavazzi, Robert C. Merton: w9806
Discussions of financial risk often fail to distinguish between risks that are consciously borne and those that are not. To understand the breeding conditions for financial crises the prime focus of concern should not be simply on large risk-taking per se, but on the unintended, or unanticipated accumulation of large risks by individuals, institutions or governments, often through the lack of knowledge or understanding of the risks by stakeholders and overseers of those entities. This paper analyses specific situations in which significant unanticipated and unintended financial risks are accumulated. It focuses, in particular, on the implicit guarantees that governments extend to banks and other financial institutions, which may result in the accumulation, often unconscious from the viewpo...
Published: Draghi, Mario, Francesco Giavazzi, and Robert C. Merton. Transparency, risk management and international financial fragility Geneva Reports on the World Economy, vol. 4. Geneva: International Center for Monetary and Banking Studies and London: Centre for Economic Policy Research, 2004.