Maria Laura Alzua
Universidad Nacional de La Plata
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|March 2015||How Does Health Promotion Work? Evidence From The Dirty Business of Eliminating Open Defecation|
with Paul Gertler, Manisha Shah, Lisa Cameron, Sebastian Martinez, Sumeet Patil: w20997
We investigate the mechanisms underlying health promotion campaigns designed to eliminate open defecation in at-scale randomized field experiments in four countries: India, Indonesia, Mali, and Tanzania. Health promotion works through a number of mechanisms, including: providing information on the return to better behavior, nudging better behavior that one already knows is in her self-interest, and encouraging households to invest in health products that lower the marginal cost of good behavior. We find that health promotion generally worked through both convincing households to invest in in-home sanitation facilities and nudging increased use of those facilities.
We also estimate the causal relationship between village open defecation rates and child height using experimentally induced...
|July 2010||The Quality of Life in Prisons: Do Educational Programs Reduce In-Prison Conflicts?|
with Catherine Rodriguez, Edgar Villa
in The Economics of Crime: Lessons for and from Latin America, Rafael Di Tella, Sebastian Edwards, and Ernesto Schargrodsky, editors