University of Melbourne
Clayton VIC 3800 Australia
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|March 2015||How Does Health Promotion Work? Evidence From The Dirty Business of Eliminating Open Defecation|
with Paul Gertler, Manisha Shah, Maria Laura Alzua, Sebastian Martinez, Sumeet Patil: w20997
We investigate the mechanisms underlying health promotion campaigns designed to eliminate open defecation in at-scale randomized field experiments in four countries: India, Indonesia, Mali, and Tanzania. Health promotion works through a number of mechanisms, including: providing information on the return to better behavior, nudging better behavior that one already knows is in her self-interest, and encouraging households to invest in health products that lower the marginal cost of good behavior. We find that health promotion generally worked through both convincing households to invest in in-home sanitation facilities and nudging increased use of those facilities.
We also estimate the causal relationship between village open defecation rates and child height using experimentally induced...
|October 2013||Risk-Taking Behavior in the Wake of Natural Disasters|
with Manisha Shah: w19534
We investigate whether experiencing a natural disaster affects risk-taking behavior. We conduct standard risk games (using real money) with randomly selected individuals in rural Indonesia. We find that individuals who recently suffered a flood or earthquake exhibit more risk aversion. Experiencing a natural disaster causes people to perceive that they now face a greater risk of a future disaster. We conclude that this change in perception of background risk causes people to take fewer risks. We provide evidence that experimental risk behavior is correlated with real life risk behavior, highlighting the importance of our results.
Published: Lisa Cameron & Manisha Shah, 2015. "Risk-Taking Behavior in the Wake of Natural Disasters," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 50(2), pages 484-515. citation courtesy of