NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|August 2005||Why Does the Average Price of Tuna Fall During Lent?|
with Aviv Nevo: w11572
For many products the average price paid by consumers falls during periods of high demand. We use information from a large supermarket chain to decompose the decrease in the average price into a substitution effect, due to an increase in the share of cheaper products, and a price reduction effect. We find that for almost all the products we study the substitution effect explains a large part of the decrease. We estimate demand for these products and show the price declines are consistent with a change in demand elasticity and the relative demand for different brands. Our findings are less consistent with "loss-leader" models of retail competition.