Kenneth A. Younge
Krannert School of Management
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2076
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|July 2014||Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Renewable Energy|
with Ramana Nanda, Lee Fleming
in The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy, Adam B. Jaffe and Benjamin F. Jones, editors
We document three facts related to innovation and entrepreneurship in renewable energy. Using data from the US Patent and Trademark Office, we first show that patenting in renewable energy remains highly concentrated in a few large energy firms. In 2009, the top 20% firms accounted for over 40% of renewable energy patents in our data. Second, we compare patenting by venture capital-backed startups and incumbent firms. Using a variety of measures, we find that VC-backed startups are engaged in more novel and more highly cited innovations, compared to incumbent firms. Incumbent firms also have a higher share of patents that are completely un-cited or self-cited, suggesting that incumbents are more likely to engage in incremental innovation compared to VC-backed startups. Third, we document a...