Kathy Fogel

Sawyer Business School
Suffolk University
Boston MA 02108

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

January 2014Powerful Independent Directors
with Liping Ma, Randall Morck: w19809
Shareholder valuations are economically and statistically positively correlated with independent directors’ power, gauged by social network power centrality. Powerful independent directors’ sudden deaths reduce shareholder value significantly; other independent directors’ deaths do not. More powerful independent directors Granger cause higher valuations; the converse is not true. Further tests associate more powerful independent directors with less value-destroying M&A, less free cash flow retention, more CEO accountability, and less earnings management. We posit that more powerful independent directors better detect and counter CEO missteps because of better access to information, greater credibility in challenging errant top managers, or both.
February 2009Big Business Stability and Social Welfare
with Randall Morck, Bernard Yeung
in Financial Sector Development in the Pacific Rim, East Asia Seminar on Economics, Volume 18, Takatoshi Ito and Andrew K. Rose, editors
May 2008Big Business Stability and Social Welfare
with Randall Morck, Bernard Yeung: w14027
Many countries appear to have excessively stable big business sectors, in that higher rates of big business turnover have been correlated with faster economy growth. Public policies that stabilize big business sectors are sometimes justified as supportive of social objectives. We find no consistent link between big business stability and public goods provision, egalitarianism, or labor empowerment. While absence of evidence is not evidence of absence, these findings suggest that other explanations, such as special interest politics or behavioral biases favoring the status quo also be considered.


July 2006Big Business Stability and Economic Growth: Is What's Good for General Motors Good for America?
with Randall Morck, Bernard Yeung: w12394
What is good for big business need not generally advance a country%u2019s overall economy. Big business turnover correlates with rising income, productivity, and (in high income countries) faster capital accumulation; consistent with Schumpeter%u2019s (1912) creative destruction and recent formalizations like Aghion and Howitt (1992). Turnover appears to %u201Ccause%u201D growth; and disappearing behemoths, more than rising stars, drive our results. Stronger findings suggest more intense creative destruction in countries with higher incomes, as well as those with smaller governments, Common Law courts, smaller banking systems, stronger shareholder rights, and more open economies. Only the last matters more in lower income countries.

Published: Fogel, Kathy & Morck, Randall & Yeung, Bernard, 2008. "Big business stability and economic growth: Is what's good for General Motors good for America?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(1), pages 83-108, July. citation courtesy of

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