Graduate School of Business
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Stanford , CA 94305
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|January 2010||Overconfidence and Early-life Experiences: The Impact of Managerial Traits on Corporate Financial Policies|
with Ulrike Malmendier, Geoffrey Tate: w15659
We show that measurable managerial characteristics have significant explanatory power for corporate financing decisions beyond traditional capital-structure determinants. First, managers who believe that their firm is undervalued view external financing as overpriced, especially equity. Such overconfident managers use less external finance and, conditional on accessing risky capital, issue less equity than their peers. Second, CEOs with Depression experience are averse to debt and lean excessively on internal finance. Third, CEOs with military experience pursue more aggressive policies, including heightened leverage. Complementary measures of CEO traits based on press portrayals confirm the results.
Published: ULRIKE MALMENDIER & GEOFFREY TATE & JON YAN, 2011. "Overconfidence and Early-Life Experiences: The Effect of Managerial Traits on Corporate Financial Policies," The Journal of Finance, vol 66(5), pages 1687-1733.
|November 2007||Corporate Financial Policies With Overconfident Managers|
with Ulrike Malmendier, Geoffrey Tate: w13570
Many financing choices of US corporations remain puzzling even after accounting for standard determinants such as taxes, bankruptcy costs, and asymmetric information. We propose that managerial beliefs help to explain the remaining variation across and within firms, including variation in debt conservatism and in pecking-order behavior. Managers who believe that their company is undervalued view external financing as overpriced, especially equity financing. As a result, they display pecking-order preferences for internal financing over debt and for debt over equity. They may also exhibit debt conservatism: While they prefer debt to equity, they still underutilize debt relative to its tax benefits. We test these hypotheses empirically, using late option exercise by the CEO as a measure of o...
Published: Overconfidence and Early - life Experiences: The Effect of Managerial Traits on Corporate Financial Policies (with G. Tate and J. Yan). Journal of Financ e , October 2011, vol. 66(5) , pp. 1687 - 1733.