Joseph J. Sabia
University of New Hampshire
Departments of Economics
10 Garrison Ave
Durham, NH 03824
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|February 2017||With a Little Help from My Friends: The Effects of Naloxone Access and Good Samaritan Laws on Opioid-Related Deaths|
with Daniel I. Rees, Laura M. Argys, Joshua Latshaw, Dhaval Dave: w23171
In an effort to address the opioid epidemic, a majority of states have recently passed some version of a Naloxone Access Law (NAL) and/or a Good Samaritan Law (GSL). NALs allow lay persons to administer naloxone, which temporarily counteracts the effects of an opioid overdose; GSLs provide immunity from prosecution for drug possession to anyone who seeks medical assistance in the event of a drug overdose. This study is the first to examine the effect of these laws on opioid-related deaths. Using data from the National Vital Statistics System multiple cause-of-death mortality files for the period 1999-2014, we find that the adoption of a NAL is associated with a 9 to 11 percent reduction in opioid-related deaths. The estimated effect of GLSs on opioid-related deaths is of comparable mag...
|August 2016||Smoke Gets in Your Eyes: Medical Marijuana Laws and Tobacco Use|
with Anna Choi, Dhaval Dave: w22554
This study is the first to examine whether medical marijuana laws (MMLs) have affected the trajectory of a decades-long decline in adult tobacco use in the United States. First, using data from the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), we establish that MMLs are associated with a 0.7 to 2.4 percentage-point increase in adult marijuana consumption. Then, using data from the NSDUH, the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), and the Current Population Survey Tobacco Use Supplements (CPS-TUS), we find no evidence that MMLs increased tobacco use. Rather, we find that MMLs enacted between the early 1990s and 2015 are associated with a 0.4 to 0.7 percentage-point reduction in adult tobacco consumption. These findings suggest that tobacco and marijuana are substitutes fo...
|June 2015||Cigarette Taxes and Youth Smoking: Updated Estimates Using YRBS Data|
with Benjamin Hansen, Daniel I. Rees: w21311
Using data from the state and national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys for the period 1991-2005, Carpenter and Cook (2008) found a strong, negative relationship between cigarette taxes and youth smoking. We revisit this relationship using four additional waves of YRBS data (2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013). Our results suggest that youths have become much less responsive to cigarette taxes since 2005. In fact, we find little evidence of a negative relationship between cigarette taxes and youth smoking when we restrict our attention to the period 2007-2013.
|April 2011||The Psychological Costs of War: Military Combat and Mental Health|
with Resul Cesur, Erdal Tekin: w16927
While descriptive evidence suggests that deployment in the Global War on Terrorism is associated with adverse mental health, the causal effect of combat is not well established. Using data drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we exploit exogenous variation in deployment assignment and find that soldiers deployed to combat zones where they engage in frequent enemy firefight or witness allied or civilian deaths are at substantially increased risk for suicidal ideation, psychological counseling, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Our estimates imply lower-bound health care costs of $1.5 to $2.7 billion for combat-induced PTSD.
Published: Cesur, Resul & Sabia, Joseph J. & Tekin, Erdal, 2013. "The psychological costs of war: Military combat and mental health," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 51-65. citation courtesy of