NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Joana Naritomi

Harvard University
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Cambridge, MA 02138
Tel: 2024597303

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

July 2010Understanding High Crime Rates in Latin America: The Role of Social and Policy Factors
with Rodrigo R. Soares
in The Economics of Crime: Lessons for and from Latin America, Rafael Di Tella, Sebastian Edwards, and Ernesto Schargrodsky, editors
October 2007Rent Seeking and the Unveiling of 'De Facto' Institutions: Development and Colonial Heritage within Brazil
with Rodrigo R. Soares, Juliano J. Assunção: w13545
This paper analyzes the roots of variation in de facto institutions, within a constant de jure institutional setting. We explore the role of rent-seeking episodes in colonial Brazil as determinants of the quality of current local institutions, and argue that this variation reveals a de facto dimension of institutional quality. We show that municipalities with origins tracing back to the sugar-cane colonial cycle -- characterized by a polarized and oligarchic socioeconomic structure -- display today more inequality in the distribution of land. Municipalities with origins tracing back to the gold colonial cycle -- characterized by an over-bureaucratic and heavily intervening presence of the Portuguese state -- display today worse governance practices and less access to justice. The colonial ...
 
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