Department of Economics
University of Melbourne VIC 3010
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|March 2014||Empowering Women: The Effect of Schooling on Young Women's Knowledge and Use of Contraception|
with Mabel Andalón, Michael Grossman: w19961
Large differences in fertility between women with high and low levels of education suggest that schooling may have a direct impact on knowledge and use of contraception. We investigate this issue using information on women in Mexico. In order to identify the causal effect of schooling, we exploit temporal and geographic variation in the number of lower secondary schools built following the extension of compulsory education in Mexico from 6th to 9th grade in 1993. We show that raising females' schooling beyond 6th grade increases their knowledge of contraception during their reproductive years and increases their propensity to use contraception at sexual debut. This indicates that the impact of schooling on women's wellbeing extends beyond improved labor market outcomes and includes greater...
|February 2011||Why Do Some People Want to Legalize Cannabis Use?|
with Jan C. van Ours, Michael Grossman: w16795
Preferences and attitudes to illicit drug policy held by individuals are likely to be an important influence in the development of illicit drug policy. Among the key factors impacting on an individual's preferences over substance use policy are their beliefs about the costs and benefits of drug use, their own drug use history, and the extent of drug use amongst their peers. We use data from the Australian National Drug Strategy's Household Surveys to study these preferences. We find that current use and past use of cannabis are major determinants of being in favor of legalization. These results control for reverse causality from favorable attitudes to use. We also find that cannabis users are more in favor of legalization the longer they have used cannabis and, among past users, the more r...
Published: Health Economics 25, No. 9 (2016), pp. 12012-1216
|January 2002||Are There Differential Effects of Price and Policy on College Students' Drinking Intensity?|
with Frank J. Chaloupka, Henry Wechsler: w8702
This paper investigates whether college students' response to alcohol price and policies differ according to their drinking intensity. Individual level data on drinking behavior, price paid per drink, and college alcohol policies come from the student and administrator components of the 1997 and 1999 waves of the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) College Alcohol Study (CAS). Students drinking behavior is classified on the basis of the number of drinks they typically consume on a drinking occasion, and the number of times they have been drunk during the 30 days prior to survey. A generalized ordered logit model is used to determine whether key variables impact differentially the odds of drinking and the odds of heavy drinking. We find that students who faced a higher money price for al...
Published: Williams, Jenny, Frank J. Chaloupka and Henry Wechsler. "Are There Differential Effects Of Price And Policy On College Students' Drinking Intensity?," Contemporary Economic Policy, 2005, v23(1,Jan), 78-90. citation courtesy of
|July 2001||Alcohol and Marijuana Use Among College Students: Economic Complements or Substitutes?|
with Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Frank J. Chaloupka, Henry Wechsler: w8401
College campuses have been cracking down on underage and binge drinking in light of recent highly publicized student deaths. Although there is evidence showing that stricter college alcohol policies have been effective at discouraging both drinking in general and frequent binge drinking on college campuses, recent evidence from the Harvard School Of Public Health College Alcohol Study (CAS) shows that marijuana use among college students rose 22 percent between 1993 and 1999. Are current policies aimed at reducing alcohol consumption inadvertently encouraging marijuana use? This paper begins to address this question by investigating the relationship between the demands for alcohol and marijuana for college students using data from the 1993, 1997 and 1999 CAS. We find that alcohol and mar...
Published: J. Williams & Rosalie Liccardo Pacula & Frank J. Chaloupka & Henry Wechsler, 2004. "Alcohol and marijuana use among college students: economic complements or substitutes?," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(9), pages 825-843. citation courtesy of