NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Jenna Nobles

University of Wisconsin, Madison
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706

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Institutional Affiliation: University of Wisconsin, Madison

NBER Working Papers and Publications

September 2014The Effects of Mortality on Fertility: Population Dynamics after a Natural Disaster
with Elizabeth Frankenberg, Duncan Thomas: w20448
Understanding how mortality and fertility are linked is essential to the study of population dynamics. We investigate the fertility response to an unanticipated mortality shock that resulted from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, which killed large shares of the residents of some Indonesian communities but caused no deaths in neighboring communities. Using population-representative multilevel longitudinal data, we identify a behavioral fertility response to mortality exposure, both at the level of a couple and in the broader community. We observe a sustained fertility increase at the aggregate level following the tsunami, which is driven by two behavioral responses to mortality exposure. First, mothers who lost one or more children in the disaster are significantly more likely to bear additio...

Published: Jenna Nobles & Elizabeth Frankenberg & Duncan Thomas, 2015. "The Effects of Mortality on Fertility: Population Dynamics After a Natural Disaster," Demography, vol 52(1), pages 15-38.

 
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