National Center for Children and Families
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NBER Working Papers and Publications
|July 2011||Early Maternal Employment and Family Wellbeing|
with Pinka Chatterji, Sara Markowitz: w17212
This study uses longitudinal data from the NICHD Study on Early Child Care (SECC) to examine the effects of maternal employment on family well-being, measured by maternal mental and overall health, parenting stress, and parenting quality. First, we estimate the effects of maternal employment on these outcomes measured when children are 6 months old. Next, we use dynamic panel data models to examine the effects of maternal employment on family outcomes during the first 4.5 years of children's lives. Among mothers of six month old infants, maternal work hours are positively associated with depressive symptoms and self-reported parenting stress, and negatively associated with self-rated overall health among mothers. Compared to mothers who are on leave 3 months after childbirth, mothers wh...
|January 2006||Neighborhoods and Academic Achievement: Results from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment|
with Lisa Sanbonmatsu, Jeffrey R. Kling, Greg J. Duncan: w11909
Families originally living in public housing were assigned housing vouchers by lottery, encouraging moves to neighborhoods with lower poverty rates. Although we had hypothesized that reading and math test scores would be higher among children in families offered vouchers (with larger effects among younger children), the results show no significant effects on test scores for any age group among over 5000 children ages 6 to 20 in 2002 who were assessed four to seven years after randomization. Program impacts on school environments were considerably smaller than impacts on neighborhoods, suggesting that achievement-related benefits from improved neighborhood environments are alone small.
Published: Revised and published in the Journal of Human Resources, 41:4 (Fall 2006), 649-691. citation courtesy of