Norwegian School of Economics & Business
Department of Finance & Management
Helleveien 30, N-5045
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|January 2009||Wage Structure and Labor Mobility in Norway, 1980-97 |
with Arngrim Hunnes, Kjell G. Salvanes
in The Structure of Wages: An International Comparison, Edward P. Lazear and Kathryn L. Shaw, editors
|March 2007||Wage Structure and Labor Mobility in Norway 1980-1997|
with Arngrim Hunnes, Kjell G. Salvanes: w12974
To what extent do different firms follow different wage policies? How do such policies affect worker mobility between firms, and what are the effects of different wage bargaining regimes? The empirical branch of personnel economics has long been hampered by a lack of representative data sets. Norway is one of a handful of countries that has produced rich linked employer/employee data suitable for such analysis. This paper has three parts. First, we describe the wage setting and employment protection institutions in Norway. Next, we describe the Norwegian datasets. Finally, we document a large number of stylized facts regarding wage structure and labor mobility within and between Norwegian firms. Our main dataset covers white-collar workers in the manufacturing and private sectors for the p...
|August 2000||Is Mobility of Technical Personnel a Source of R&D Spillovers?|
Labor mobility is often considered to be an important source of knowledge externalities, making it difficult for firms to appropriate returns to R&D investments. In this paper, I argue that inter-firm transfers of knowledge embodied in people should be analyzed within a human capital framework. Testing such a framework using a matched employer-employee data set, I find that the technical staff in R&D-intensive firms pays for the knowledge they accumulate on the job through lower wages in the beginning of their career. Later they earn a return on these implicit investments through higher wages. This suggests that the potential externalities associated with labor mobility, at least to some extent, are internalized in the labor market.
Published: "Is Mobility of Technical Personnel a Source of R&D Spillovers?" Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 23(1), 2005, 81-114. citation courtesy of
|February 1999||Do Subsidies to Commercial R&D Reduce Market Failures? Microeconomic Evaluation Studies|
with Tor Jakob Klette, Zvi Griliches: w6947
A number of market failures have been associated with R&D investments and significant amounts of public money have been spent on programs to stimulate innovative activities. In this paper, we review some recent microeconomic studies evaluating effects of government sponsored commercial R&D. We pay particular attention to the conceptual problems involved. Neither the firms receiving support, nor those not applying, constitute random samples. Furthermore, those not receiving support may be affected by the programs due to spillover effects which often are a main justification for R&D subsidies. Constructing a valid control group under these circumstances is challenging, and we relate our discussion to recent advances in econometric methods for evaluation studies based on non-experimental d...
Published: Research Policy, vol.29 (4-5), pp. 471-495, 2000.