Naval Postgraduate School
Monterey, CA 93943
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|July 2010||Did Trade Liberalization Help Women? The Case of Mexico in the 1990s|
with Ernesto Aguayo-Tellez, Chinhui Juhn: w16195
With the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994, Mexico entered a bilateral free trade agreement which not only lowered its own tariffs on imports but also lowered tariffs on its exports to the U.S. We find that women's relative wage increased, particularly during the period of liberalization. Both between and within-industry shifts also favored female workers. With regards to between-industry shifts, tariff reductions expanded sectors which were initially female intensive. With regards to within-industry shifts, we find a positive association between reductions in export tariffs (U.S. tariffs on Mexican goods) and hiring of women in skilled blue-collar occupations. Finally, we find suggestive evidence that household bargaining power shifted in favor of wome...
Published: Ernesto Aguayo-Tellez , Jim Airola , Chinhui Juhn , Carolina Villegas-Sanchez (2014), Did Trade Liberalization Help Women? the Case of Mexico in the 1990s, in Solomon W. Polachek , Konstantinos Tatsiramos (ed.) New Analyses of Worker Well-Being (Research in Labor Economics, Volume 38) Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.1 - 35