NBER Working Papers and Publications
|August 2006||Exploring Gender Differences in Employment and Wage Trends Among Less-Skilled Workers|
with Rebecca M. Blank: w12494
In contrast to less-skilled men, less-skilled women have experienced growing labor force involvement and moderate wage increases. Compared to more-skilled women, less-skilled women have fallen behind. We investigated the reasons behind these trends in labor force participation and wages for male and female workers of different skill levels over the past 25 years, from 1979-2004. We find that less-skilled women have found themselves in an 'intermediate' place in the labor market. Like less-skilled men, they experienced deteriorating returns to education but, unlike the men, they benefited from a growing positive impact of accumulated experience on labor market outcomes. More-skilled women experienced both growing returns to education and greater accumulation of experience, leading to ...
Published: Blank, Rebecca M., Sheldon H. Danziger, and Robert F. Schoeni (eds.) Working and Poor: How Economic and Policy Changes Are Affecting Low-Wage Workers, National Poverty Center Series on Poverty and Public Policy. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2006.