NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Andrés P. Hojman

Department of Economics
University of Chicago
1126 E. 59th Street
Chicago IL 60637

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

November 2015Early Childhood Education
with Sneha Elango, Jorge Luis García, James J. Heckman: w21766
This paper organizes and synthesizes the literature on early childhood education and childcare. In it, we go beyond meta-analysis and reanalyze primary data sources in a common framework. We consider the evidence from means-tested demonstration programs, large-scale means-tested programs and universal programs without means testing. We discuss which programs are beneficial and whether they are cost-effective for certain populations. The evidence from high-quality demonstration programs targeted toward disadvantaged children shows beneficial effects. Returns exceed costs, even accounting for the deadweight loss of collecting taxes. When proper policy counterfactuals are constructed, Head Start has beneficial effects on disadvantaged children compared to home alternatives. Universal programs...

Published: Early Childhood Education, Sneha Elango, Jorge Luis García, James J. Heckman, Andrés Hojman. in Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, volume 2, Moffitt. 2016

Early Childhood Education
with Sneha Elango, Jorge Luis García, James J. Heckman
in Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, volume 2, Robert A. Moffitt, editor
This paper organizes and synthesizes the literature on early childhood education and childcare. In it, we go beyond meta-analysis and reanalyze primary data sources in a common framework. We consider the evidence from means-tested demonstration programs, large-scale means-tested programs and universal programs without means testing. We discuss which programs are beneficial and whether they are cost-effective for certain populations. The evidence from high-quality demonstration programs targeted toward disadvantaged children shows beneficial effects. Returns exceed costs, even accounting for the deadweight loss of collecting taxes. When proper policy counterfactuals are constructed, Head Start has beneficial effects on disadvantaged children compared to home alternatives. Universal programs...
 
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