Hessel Oosterbeek

Amsterdam School of Economics
University of Amsterdam
Roetersstraat 11
Room 3.60, Building E
1018 WB Amsterdam
The Netherlands

Institutional Affiliation: Universiteit van Amsterdam

NBER Working Papers and Publications

November 2012Gender, Competitiveness and Career Choices
with Thomas Buser, Muriel Niederle: w18576
Gender differences in competitiveness are often discussed as a potential explanation for gender differences in education and labor market outcomes. We correlate an incentivized measure of competitiveness with an important career choice of secondary school students in the Netherlands. At the age of 15, these students have to pick one out of four study profiles, which vary in how prestigious they are. While boys and girls have very similar levels of academic ability, boys are substantially more likely than girls to choose more prestigious profiles. We find that competitiveness is as important a predictor of profile choice as gender. More importantly, up to 23 percent of the gender difference in profile choice can be attributed to gender differences in competitiveness. This lends support to t...

Published: Thomas Buser & Muriel Niederle & Hessel Oosterbeek, 2014. "Gender, Competitiveness, and Career Choices," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 129(3), pages 1409-1447. citation courtesy of

January 2000A Review of Estimates of the Schooling/Earnings Relationship, with Tests for Publication Bias
with Orley Ashenfelter, Colm Harmon: w7457
In this paper we provide an analytical review of previous estimates of the rate of return on schooling investments and measure how these estimates vary by country, over time, and by estimation method. We find evidence reporting (or file drawer') bias in the estimates and, after due account is taken of this bias, we find that differences due to estimation method are much smaller than is sometimes reported, although some are statistically significant. We also find that estimated returns are higher in the U.S. and they have increased in the last two decades.

Published: Labour Economics, Vol. 6, no. 4 (November 1999): 453-470. citation courtesy of

January 1994Returns to Within-Company Schooling of Employees: The Case of the Netherlands
with Wim Groot, Joop Hartog
in Training and the Private Sector: International Comparisons, Lisa M. Lynch
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