NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
Department of International Economics and Business
School of Economics
361005 Fujian Province
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|August 2011||The WTO Government Procurement Agreement and Its Impacts on Trade|
with John Whalley: w17365
This paper assesses the impacts of the WTO Government Procurement Agreement (GPA) on trade in both goods and services among members using a gravity model applied to a panel dataset covering 20 OECD countries over the period 1996-2008 for trade in goods and 1999-2008 for trade in services. The agreement dates from 1996 and covers 41 (mainly OECD) countries (/areas). China is now negotiating possible membership. Little has been written on the GPA which is a plurilateral agreement covering both goods and services. It mutually extends commitments only to signatories, but has commitments going beyond those in the earlier GATT procurement code. Government service markets are large, and trade in these also has spillover effects on trade in services and goods.
Results suggest that GPA membershi...