NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Hal Salzman

Rutgers University
E.J. Bloustein School of Planning & Public Policy
Rutgers University | New Brunswick, NJ 08901

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

March 2017Introduction for "U.S. Engineering in a Global Economy"
with Richard B. Freeman
in U.S. Engineering in a Global Economy, Richard B. Freeman and Hal Salzman, editors
U.S. Engineering in a Global Economy follows the NBER tradition of quantitative analysis of the demand and supply sides of the engineering job market in the United States. Many of the chapters use novel data or approaches to examine engineering education, practice, and careers in ways designed to inform science and engineering educational institutions, funding agencies, and policymakers about the challenges and opportunities for developing and employing engineers in ways that can most efficaciously contribute to the innovation driving modern economic growth.
The Engineering Labor Market: An Overview of Recent Trends
with Daniel Kuehn
in U.S. Engineering in a Global Economy, Richard B. Freeman and Hal Salzman, editors
This chapter sets the stage for the rest of the book with a review of the engineering labor force, focusing on the employment, salary, and career trajectories of graduates that obtain engineering degrees and work in the field. Lacking a single comprehensive data source on engineers, this chapter draws on a wide variety of longitudinal career data and establishment-based employment and earnings data available from different government surveys of scientists, engineers and employers and on education administrative data on the supply of engineers coming from U.S. universities to Census survey data on the numbers from overseas. It disaggregates engineering into major subfields, whose employment differs sufficiently to face different supply and demand conditions.
Dynamics of Engineering Labor Markets: Petroleum Engineering Demand and Responsive Supply
with Leonard Lynn, Daniel Kuehn
in U.S. Engineering in a Global Economy, Richard B. Freeman and Hal Salzman, editors
This chapter examines a natural experiment in science and engineering labor market elasticity, providing an empirical study of the responsiveness of supply to demonstrated demand of employers. U.S. petroleum engineering expanded in the 1970s and then stabilized for three decades. By the early 2000s, this cohort was retiring at the same time there were sharp increases in oil prices and new exploration. Together, these factors led to dramatic increases in hiring and in starting salaries. In response, U.S. universities increased petroleum graduates fourfold over the decade 2003 to 2013, almost entirely of U.S. students. In this study of petroleum engineering demand and supply, the authors provide empirical analysis that addresses broader questions about the capacity of the education system t...
 
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