NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Gilles Postel-Vinay

INRA-Lea DELTA
48 BD Jourdan
Ecole Normale Superieure
75014 Paris FRANCE

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

November 2008History, Geography, and the Markets for Mortgage Loans in Nineteenth-Century France
with Philip T. Hoffman, Jean-Laurent Rosenthal
in Understanding Long-Run Economic Growth: Geography, Institutions, and the Knowledge Economy, Dora L. Costa and Naomi R. Lamoreaux, editors
February 2007Long Run Health Impacts of Income Shocks: Wine and Phylloxera in 19th Century France
with Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Timothy M. Watts: w12895
This paper provides estimates of the long-term effects on height and health of a large income shock experienced in early childhood. Phylloxera, an insect that attacks the roots of grape vines, destroyed 40% of French vineyards between 1863 and 1890, causing major income losses among wine growing families. Because the insects spread slowly from the southern coast of France to the rest of the country, Phylloxera affected different regions in different years. We exploit the regional variation in the timing of this shock to identify its effects. We examine the effects on the adult height, health, and life expectancy of children born in the years and regions affected by the Phylloxera. The shock decreased long run height, but it did not affect other dimensions of health, including life expectan...

Published: Abhijit Banerjee & Esther Duflo & Gilles Postel-Vinay & Tim Watts, 2010. "Long-Run Health Impacts of Income Shocks: Wine and Phylloxera in Nineteenth-Century France," Review of Economics and Statistics, vol 92(4), pages 714-728.

 
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