NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Gilles Grenier

Department of Economics
University of Ottawa
55 Laurier E.
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
K1N 6N5

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

December 1993Language, Employment and Earnings in the United States: Spanish-English Differentials from 1970 to 1990
with David E. Bloom: w4584
This paper analyzes employment and earnings differentials between Spanish speakers and English speakers in the United States, using data from the 1970, 1980, and 1990 U.S. censuses. The results show that Spanish speakers, both men and women, do not perform as well in the labor market as English speakers. The results also reveal that Spanish-English earnings and unemployment differentials increased slightly in the 1970s, most likely because of rapid growth in the number of Spanish speakers. By contrast, these differentials increased sharply in the 1980s, also a period of rapidly increasing supply. However, there is no evidence that the widening of differentials in the 1980s reflects an increase in the labor market rewards to English language proficiency. Rather, they appear to be the r...

Published: Bloom, David E. and Gilles Grenier. "Language, Employment, and Earnings in the United States: Spanish-English Differentials from 1970 to 1990." International Journal of the Sociology of Language (Special Issue on the Economics of Language) 121 (1996): 45–68.

 
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