Gilbert Gonzales Jr.
Department of Health Policy
School of Medicine
2525 West End Ave, 1200
Nashville, TN 37203
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|June 2018||Effects of Access to Legal Same-Sex Marriage on Marriage and Health: Evidence from BRFSS|
with Christopher Carpenter, Samuel T. Eppink, Tara McKay: w24651
We exploit variation in access to legal same-sex marriage (SSM) across states and time to provide novel evidence of its effects on marriage and health using data from the CDC BRFSS from 2000-2016, a period spanning the entire rollout of legal SSM across the United States. Our main approach is to relate changes in outcomes for individuals in same-sex households (SSH) [i.e., households with exactly two same-sex adults], which we show includes a substantial share of gay and lesbian couples, coincident with adoption of legal SSM in two-way fixed effects models. We find robust evidence that access to legal SSM significantly increased marriage take-up among men and women in SSH. We also find that legal SSM was associated with significant increases in health insurance, access to care, and util...
|July 2016||Economic Conditions and Children's Mental Health|
with Ezra Golberstein, Ellen Meara: w22459
Research linking economic conditions and health largely ignores children’s mental health problems, which are the most common and consequential health issues for children and adolescents. We examine the effects of unemployment rates and housing prices on child and adolescent mental health and use of special education services for emotional problems in the 2001-2013 National Health Interview Survey. Mental health status declines as economic conditions deteriorate, and this result is pervasive across nearly every subgroup we examine, including families least likely to experience job loss. The use of special education services for emotional problems also rises when economic conditions worsen.