McDonough School of Business
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Washington, DC 20057
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|July 2017||Exporting and Organizational Change|
with Lorenzo Caliendo, Esteban Rossi-Hansberg: w23630
We study the effect of exporting on the organization of production within firms. Using French employer-employee matched data together with data on a firm’s exporting activity, we find that firms that enter the export market and expand substantially reorganize by adding layers of management, hiring more and paying, on average, lower wages to workers in all pre-existing layers. In contrast, firms that enter the export market and expand little do not reorganize and pay higher average wages in all pre-existing layers. We then present some evidence that these effects are causal using pre-sample variation in the destination composition of exports, in conjunction with real exchange rate variation across countries. Our results are consistent with a growing literature using occupations to study the...
|The Geography of Consumption|
with Sumit Agarwal, J. Bradford Jensen: w23616
We provide the first cross-sectoral description of local consumption markets. Detailed credit card data show consumers have limited mobility and manage the spatial dimension of their transactions. In more frequently purchased sectors, expenditure declines faster with distance; further, the spatial distribution of transactions becomes more concentrated with income and less affected by travel cost shocks. We propose a simple theory of storability/durability of a sector’s output as a new dimension affecting local consumption markets, and provide evidence that consumer mobility influences local employment, establishment density, and establishment size differentially across sectors. Consumers’ spatial behavior appears important for analyzing local shocks.
|November 2015||Commuting, Migration and Local Employment Elasticities|
with Stephen J. Redding, Esteban Rossi-Hansberg: w21706
To understand the elasticity of employment to local labor demand shocks, we develop a quantitative general equilibrium model that incorporates spatial linkages in goods markets (trade) and factor markets (commuting and migration). We show that local employment elasticities differ substantially across U.S. counties and commuting zones in ways that are not well explained by standard empirical controls but are captured by commuting measures. We provide independent evidence for these predictions from million dollar plants and find that empirically-observed reductions in commuting costs generate welfare gains of around 3.3 percent and employment reallocations from -20 to 30 percent.
|July 2012||The Anatomy of French Production Hierarchies|
with Lorenzo Caliendo, Esteban Rossi-Hansberg: w18259
We use a comprehensive dataset of French manufacturing firms to study their internal organization. We first divide the employees of each firm into `layers' using occupational categories. Layers are hierarchical in that the typical worker in a higher layer earns more, and the typical firm occupies less of them. In addition, the probability of adding (dropping) a layer is very positively (negatively) correlated with value added. We then explore the changes in the wages and number of employees that accompany expansions in layers, output, or markets (by becoming exporters). The empirical results indicate that reorganization, through changes in layers, is key to understand how firms expand and contract. For example, we find that firms that expand substantially add layers and pay lower average w...
Published: Lorenzo Caliendo & Ferdinando Monte & Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2015. "The Anatomy of French Production Hierarchies," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 123(4), pages 000 - 000. citation courtesy of